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____I __TE ]PEOPLE'S JO R A
VL .-N.8. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1896. N OLRATA I 'General Asembly THE METROPOLITAN POLICE IAY/ Charleston Protests Against its Enforcemon -Govurnor Evans Defended in the Housc by a Large Majorty. The amendment to the metropolitar poliCe law WaS the special 01'de for Wednesday night, and a strong debate took place, in which the course ol Governor Evans was defended and the measure was sustained by a large majorlity. MAr. GadsdOn, of Charleston,- moved to strike out tho enacting words and made a speech in favor of it. He said : M r. Speaker The amendment which 1 bavo just proposod to the bill has for Its purpose the repoal of the act passed by the Legislature at Its last sossion and commonly known t the metropolitan police act. I can not hope, Mr. Speakor and gentlemen, to Induce this House to rdverso its action four years ago, but I do hope for such an oxpression of the opinion of the House on this measuro as will indicate its disapproval of the manrvor in which the act has boon put in opera tion, but oven if I should fail in this I should still conceive it my duty to the citizens of Charleston, to myself as one of their representatives, and to the people of the State at large, to record this solemn protest against the operations of a law so alien to our system of government; so violative of our preconceived ideas of justice and so subversive of our common liberties. When this measure was under dis cussion in this Houso last winter, 1, among others, pointed out what I con ceived to bo its unjustico; and the fearful power for oppression it would vest in the Governor of the State, and it was stated, on all sides, that no on supposed it would ever be called into operation ; that as long as a bona lide offort was being made by municipal authorities to enforce the dispensary law no danger need be feared of tho police of such municipality being taken from their control. I will ventur, the stattonicut tihlt not One member of the House supposed that this bill, so harsh in its featurcs, would bo put into operation unloss made necessary by some open resistance to the dispensary law. At the time of the passage of this act and up to the last of December, 1895, the city governaccnt of Charles ton was under the management of Mayor LFicken and a Reform Board of Aldermen ; on the flrst of January, 1896, Mayor Smyth was installed and before he had been given an opportun ity to show his intentions as to the onfcreement of the law, before even his police ftrco had been reorganized to put him in position to carry out his views, the State Board imposed the metropolitan puoice system upon us. No reason has ever boon assigned by the Governor or alleged by his support era for this summary action, except that the board of aldermen had re fused to pass an ordinance to enforco the dispensary law. On .lecember 11, 1894, the city couneil of Charleston, at a special meeting, ca.led for that purpose passed an ordinance entitled an ordinance to provide for the on forcement of the dispensary law and to punish offenses against the same. After consideration, it was deemed advisable to amend the same so as not to make the punishment cumulative, and also to cure certain technical do fots which had been overlooked in the hurry of its passago-on January 22, 1895, this Act was amended by striking out Section 2, wvhich was con sidlered to 'be ultra vires ; in other material respects, the ordinance was unchanged, both the original and amended ordinances plrovided for the applointme~nt of two additional police men for the very p~urp~ose of reporting violations of the Dispensary law. Of all of these facts the Governor was fully advised prior to the reading of his D)ispensary message in this House and they appear on the minutes of City Council. Now, has the law been enforced in Charleston ; have the city authorities madol an honest effort to assist tihe State ? I am informed that Chief Constable Iholly soized with the assistance of the Jharleston police 15,000 gallons of liquor in his district within the last eleven mionths-almiost all of it in Charleston-worth at a low estimate $20,000. Does thIs loo0k like a refusal to enforce the law ?' Remnem ber these seizures were made by the p olice upon reports by State Cons ta bles. The law has been enfor-ced as well as it is possible to enforce it. As stated by the Senator from Edgelleld, the other day, thoern are twenty places in South Carolinua whore tile law is no better enforced. Why is Charleston singled out ats tile exceptlin ? Simplly to gratify pe(rsonal ambition and to vent piersonal feelings. F'or 'the flrst time inl tihe history of the State the high ofico of Governor of thIs State has been used for perlsonal aggran dizement, for tile purp)ose of creat ing a per-sonal following. No law which has over' been placed upon the statute books( of any civilized State has brought as its logical r-esults so many evils upon a peoplle as the Dis peoisary law. Its poiuonous breath has permeaoitedl every de.-lartmnent of our souial life, hlas degraded our public sentiment, has vitiated public taste, and p)ollutsd oven the fountain of liberty. It has raised uIp In our midst a class of paid spies and has allowed them to invado the peivate residlences of our citizens withlout aL warrant. In its nmem, free born citizens of South Carolina hlave been tried, conlvictedl and'seontened~ to tile State Peniton tiary, withlout a trial by a jul'y of thocir countrymlenl, and lastly, It has brought upon the prouldost people on the fact of the earth an indtignity, an Insult, which will rankle and boar fruit long after these now in sound (If may volct shall have been gatheren to theol fathers. In1 add ition to tile evils (of tile dIsl p ensary law just pointedi out, nm thoughtful citizen cain fail to appro elate the rtill greater (vil oIf the enor muous concentration of powe-r In the' hands of tile Goverunor. It has bull up an army of employees, responsibbl to the Governor a!ono for their api pointment. danandent, snill unon hi favor for the intention of their posi tiois; a nucleus of personal followers and retainors is implanted in every county around which the supporters of the incumbent of the ollo of chief executivo will rally to aid. This one man powor, this concentration of the prerogativos of the many in the hands of one to be used for purposes of per souwl advancomont is the most serious monaco to a republican form of gov ornment. A Governor once firmly en trenched in office can defy the will of the people and rest secure in the sup port of this army of retainors ; already this evil has been recognized by this House In passing a bill to elect a board of commissioners by the Legis lature and the election of the commis sioners by the people. Not content with this, the metropolitan police Act delivers into his hands the organized police force of every city and town in this Stato; true, it provides that such law shall only be Imposed when the dispensary law is not enforced, but what I wish to impress upon you is the fact that the temptation to put this power into operation is too groat to be resisted by a man of ambition, work ing for political advancement. This wish is father to the thought and the d6sire for increased political patron age to be dispensed to his faithful followers creates the convictio-n that the condition exists which alone justi ties its imposition. I repeat-it is time for thoughtf ul men all over this State, irrespective of party'aflliations, to con sidor the tendency of these laws re cently enacted-their full purpose and offect is just becoming apparent; pushed to their logical result, they create a one man's power in South Carolina; they make It impossible for the will of the people to be expressed in the choice of their public men. It is an immense army independent of the people, ragardless of their wishes, de pendent for their positions, not upon the service they reudor the people, but upon the favor of one man and that man the Governor of the State. Com pared with this system, the State Houso riin. which Was popularly sup posed to exist heretofore, is too insig mlicant to permit reference. This is indeed a ring in its most obnoxious phase, whose members are bound ierevocably together by pecuniary con siceration, and all under the absolute control of the Governor, who should be dependent upon the people alone for the enjoyment of his ollice. There is no spot on this continent which has borne more in the cause of freedom and liberty than Charleston for over two hundred years. She has been the home of the persecuted and 9approssed. The Huguenots fleeing from the fair shores of Franco found a welcome there, and the colonists of New 1Nngland, restive under the re strictions of their personal liberties, sought the freedom of our laws. Her sons have made the name of South Carolina illustrious and have whenever cal led upou laid down their lives in the cause of liberty and self-government. She hams survived the calamities of war, fire, cyclone, earthquake and financial panic and has continued to contribute her quota to the prospority and happiness of the State, and yet, after this illustrious history, through the pcrsonal agency of an accident in political life, for the exigencies of per sonal and partisan strife-this great injustice has been put upon her. I can not believe, Mr. Speaker and gentle men, that you approve of such action. I can not believe you will impose upon us an indignity you would not place upon yourselves. After the grand awakening of public sen'timent by the constitutional convention, when, after many years, South Carolinians met again as brothers; when past differ ences were obliterated and forgotten and a new purpose recorded to unite in one common effort-for the advance mont of our loved State ; after we had succeeded in preserving this State for the white man forever, It was a rude awakening from the security Into which the State had been lulled to find that there were in our State three men so blind to the events which were occuring, so deaf to the unproved and ennobled public sentiment, so wanting in appreciation of the influenmes which were at ' work as to be0 capable of this Injustico. I will not detain you longer, gentlemen, in criticising the features of this Act. I pointed out last year that in every other State in this Union where a metropolitan police system was In operation, the mayor appointed the commissioners. Under thia Act no representative of the taxpayers is given a voice in the expenditure of their money ; the financial officers of the city are not allowed to vouch the accounts and expenditures of the board. They mayor is given no au thority whatever over the police of the city-but I do not propose to offer any amendments to this bill; our people desire to have no part in it whatever. We are not responsible for its enaction and we w ill not share the responsibility for its operation. One more word. We are about to part ; the closing hours of this Legis lature are fast approaching. I have not intended to criticise the action of this body in the exercise of their jutig mont. I am satisfied it was honestly done. Whatever of bitterness we feel arises from the putting the Act into operation with which you gentlemen have nothing to do. We can only hope that the great common people of South Caroina-the source of all power ; the consideration of our consti tutionmal libierties---will see that a suc -ceedinog Legsature will right the in justice which has been done us. Mr. Watson said he had listened quietly to the gentlemen and he found a predliction that we who represent the farmers are to be relegated to the fields again, and that those who have r'uled and dominated South Carolina and laid their withering hand on the poor farumer, wvill again come to these halls and we will have to plow on. Hie spoke of his experience in the Legis lature in, 1881, when the members from Charleston had full sway and they had little regard for our feelings. He re joiced that the day had come when we hadj free speeches andi could come to this hall and~ expre'ssour honest views. -lHe voted for the metrop~olitan police, > somewhat under protest, but also be - cause of the infraction of the law in that city. It was a heroic remedy but it was a h :roie disease. The Governor t waited pantiently for the cities and towns to faith fully excute the laws - and Charleston hamd no moore right to violate It than any other city. The lash was applied to her because of hot persistence in violation of the law, Why thou those reflections upon the intelligonco and patriotism of the ma jority of this body ? We have alwayi sympathized with Charleston excopi when sho violated the law. It ill be comes them to make such insinuations, If gentlemen will not pursue a ditfor out policy they must accept the Inevi table. If Charleston wants to be in sympathy with the rest of the State and other municipalities let her en force the law. If you would have us bo kind to you, in heaven's name be kind to us. Give to us pleasant words rather than undertake to reprimand and abuse us. Mr. Floyd expressed regret that this debate should be injected at the close of the session arid arouse hard foolings. 13ut when the gentleman charges the Governor of the State with personal motivos in putting the metropolitan law on Charleston, he would deny that most emphatically. Charleston has defied the law. Blind tigers are in open violation of the law now and Charleston alone is responsible for the law being put upon her. There would have been no necessity for the metro politan police law had Charleston obeyed the law and he warned them that unless they did obey it, the law would be even more severely applied. Mr. Bacot held that the people of South Carolina were all brothers of a common blood and while ho did not think the Dispensary a wise one still he had always advised all with whom he came in contact that the law should be obeyed until it was repealed. This metropolitan bill was taxation without representation for these commissioners are appointed without the city having a voice, yet the citizens are compolled to tax themselves to pay any bills they may seo fit to order. Speaking of the Charleston primary election bill be said it was a partisan measure which in connection with the metropolitan police measure, compels him to bel.ovo that it was only a pretext to cover an intention to change the political sonti ments of Charleston if possible. He said that the people of Charles ton were not unused to adversity and the proud people of his city had not been broken even when adversity was heaped upon her by the hand of God. And shall we quail before an adversity placed on us by the hand of man ? He held that in many respects the force bill sank into insignificance in compari son with some of the provisions of those bills. The force bill did not take away every vestige of home rule and economy as they do. In conclusion he said all that he wanted was to see his people have only equal rights and pri viloges with other people. The ayes and noes were demanded on Mr. Gadsden's amendment which was rejected by a vote of 78 to 17. Those voting for the amendment were Alessrs. Adams, Ashley, Bacot, Breland, Devoreaux, Johnson, B. J., Pyatt, Saunders, A. K., Thomas, Wes ton, Wilson, Mehrtens, Mellett, Man ning, Dothage, Lotton. Mr. Crum moved to strike out the provision requiring the commissionere to report to the Mayor the list of ap. pointecs, removals, etc. Ho said onc member of the city council had al ready been indicted for running a blind tiger amd when Aldermen are guilty of such violations they should not be informed who the special detectivoE are. Speaking of Charleston's patriot ism he said her people used to bo pa triotic but it is not so now for only a year or two ago when she was called upon to suppress a rigt she threw down her arms. He moved to amend, however, re quiring the Chief to report to the Mayor. Mr. Shuman moved an amendment that when any city or town is put un der the provisions of the bill that such city shall receive the Dispensary pro fits. Mr. Crum thought that question was fully covered by the present Dispen sary law. Mr. Breazealo agreed with Mr. Shu man. Mr. Watson didn't want to offer any inducements for having metropolitan police and he thought the amendment might do that. Mr. Blackwell thought the amend mont a just one. Mr. Devereaux said that judging from the legislation now going on he concluded that Charleston is South Carolina, as all of it seems to be di rected at her. The amendment was adopted and the bill was passed. AMENDING THEDISP[NSARY A. Changing the State Board of Control-The Local Option Feature Was Lost by One Vote. The morning session of the Senate was mainly devoted to the considora. tion of Mr. Efird's substitute for the House bill providing for the election, duties and compensation of the com missioner of the ditbpensary and of r State board of control and to further regulate the sale of liqluors. Therc were a great many committee amend ments adopted, as well as a numbei offered by Senators on the floor. Mr. Jordan opposed the committet amendment to the dispensary bill pro vidiing for a State board of control oJ ive men, not State officers. Hed thought there should be a purchasing p~ower here in Columbia. .It was un businesslike to have a board of control scattered over the State. He favored having the Governor on that board. Mr. 19trd said it-was preferred thai the beard should meet here once r month and receive eatimates from thc liquor'commissioners as* to the'quarntity of liquors neceed for the month and make their orders accordingly. Th< State oilcials had not the time to look after outside business. The Governoi had countorsigned warrants for thous ands and thousands of dollars when he did not know what they were for ex. cept on the statement of some individ ual. The bookkeeper of the boari could act as the confidential agent o the board between monthly meetingi and make small purchases. Mr. Jordlan again sp)oke in favor of majority of the board being State off! ccrs. Hie was not rarticular about th< Governor boing at the head of th< State dispensary, but a State ollicol should be there. M rs Mayfield was 01)1osed( to the Gov ernor of the State being a clerk t< purchase liquor. He thought the 0m, crnor should sit in his ofilco and sc that the laws wore exceited. Beside: they did not know that future Govei nors would favor the dispensary. I was generally understood that th Governor would go out of oflice thl fall and they did not know who woul succeed him1. Mr. Archer thought that the objow tion of Mr. Jordan could be remove by electing one or two members of th board from Columbia. He did not so the use of-having the board scattero all over the State and thought thor was enough Democracy, even Roforr in Columbia for a selection to be mad< Ho would be in favor of putting a Con servativo on the board, as he was o posed to the expansion of the business Mr. Mayflold-I would favor havin on the board the strongost prohibi tionists in the State. Mr. Jordan's motion to amend wa lost to a large majority. , Mr. Finley offered an amendmon requiring the county dispensers t make weekly settlements with th county treasurer. The bill provide( that they should make such settle monts direct with the State treasuret Mr. Finley hold that this was requir Ing too much of the State treasurer' oflico. That officer should only hav to deal with the head of the dispen sary system. Mr. Efird argued in favor of settle ments being made direct to the Stat treasurer. Mr. Finley's motion was lost by vote of 16 to 9. Mr. Finley offered an amendmen providing for something like local op tion. If the majority of qualified eloc tora in any county voted agains the dispensary, then liquor shoub only be sold in said county for medi clual,mochanical and sacromental pur pesos. It Wag practically the same bil which was killed the night before, ox cept that the latter had reference onl3 to cities and towns. Mr. Elird did not deny that the ton 'lency of the dispensary had been t( increaso the sale of liquor and thi bill was drawn for the purpose o checking that tendency. If the Leg islature elected five gentlement on th( board of control who would carry ou the original plans of the dispensary the curtailment of such sales woulb certainly follow. He was in life an( opinion a prohibitionist, but he coul< not obtain absolute prohibition; th; could not check the sale of liquor i. one day; they must go inch by inch Lot this bill go into effect and fron year to year the salos could becom( ess objectionable to those opposed t the sale of liquor. Mr. Finley said his amendment wa plain and simple. The Senator fron Lexington knew there were some see tions of South Carolina where liquo was sold, whore people were oppose( to the sale of liquor as a beverage. Th sale of liquor for profit was now th object of the dispensary, and if it wa kept up, it would be a stench in th nostrils of the people. Mr. IM'layfield wis a natural prohibl tionist, but prohibition was not prac ticable. rhe dispensary law ha been violated by dispensers; they hit sold liquor to drunkards and minor but it was proposed to putd furthe safeguards around the sales. M Mayliold made quite a speech In fav< of the dispensary. Mr. Archor thought it Idle to tal of prohibition. The public sentimer was not sufllci'ntly in favor of it t make It successful. What wa the use of metropolitan police if pr< hibition was possible ? It was no possible as long as the old barkeeper had sympathisers in the State, eympa thisers among the judges. He did nc think there was a town In South Carol na which should not be under the mei ropolitan police, and he thought It a: injustice to single out Charleston t put that system In force. The p)olic of Spartanburg wore opposed to th, dispensary. If this amendment pass ed, there would have to 'be metropoll tan police in every town to keel) dowi blind tigers, and he wan opposed V, some people having to pay to try ani keep other people who wanted to drinl blind tiger whiskey from going to hell Mr. Archer spoke of his knowledg of an unholy alliance which existed lam year between preachers and old bal room men in an effort to defeat th dispensary law. Mr. Watson bad never tasted whih key as a beverage, but he believed thm dispensary the solution. There woul be less drinking when the law was ci forced. He had seen in a Columbi dispensary negroes standing thr< deep In front of the counter and bein served and no questions asked. I] wanted the law strictly enforced. Mr. Pettigrew was surprised at ti olposition to this amendment by thol who acknowledge the abuses of i law. On Mr. Archer's motion to lay M Finley's amendment on the table, tl vote was an follows : Yeas-Archo~r, Barton, Brie Brown, Douglass, Elird, Jordan, Ma, tiold, McCalla, McDaniel, Norri O'Deoll, Rlagin, Sanders, Striblinj Walker, Watson. Williams-18. Nays-Blarnwoll, Buist, Dennis, De ham, D~ulosn. Finley, Fuller, Harr son, Kirkland, Miller, Moses, Mowe Pottigrew, Sloan Stackhouse, Trnel Verdier-17. So the local option feature was lo by one vote. Mr. Barnwell moved to strike o1 the proviso that all liquor be declarc deleterious unless examined amnd d clared pure by the chemist of tI South Carolina College. It was e pectod that such proviso wvou strengthen the constitutionality of ti: bill ; in his opinionlon it would has an exactly opposite eifect. Jie was I friend to the dispensary, but as a Sc ator he would not sec the State p1 into the position of doing somethtim which would make her laughed at. Mr. Efird said the Attorney Goer had asked for the Insertion of the: words In the bill. Mr. ayfeidand Mr. Archer spol agis r. Barnwoll's amendment. The amendment was lost. Mr. Blarnwoll offered an amnendme requiring the chief constab~les to gi bond in $10,000 each, and the const bles bond In *500 for the faithful pt formance of duties and in case seizure without probable cause, sa1 bonds to be liable for damages to pt eons or prop~erty. Mr. Barnwell cited the early history of the onfort. mntn of the dispensary law, and i 0 to test the constitutionality of the law i -the right aud duty of froomen-dis ' regarded it. The worst feature of the t= law was permitting constables- un 1 bonded, without property, irresponsi s ble-to seize property without war ,I rant. What remedy has a citizen, except to shoot them down? If you prosecuto him in a criminal court, I what is the result? He has his par 3 don in his pocket or gets it immedi o ately after conviction. I Mr. Archer moved to lay Mr. Barn n well's motion yn the table. Mr. Barnwell called for the ayes and nays. Tho attendance was very slim, only' 2 Senators being present, and - Mr. Barnwell's amendment was lost by a vote of 17 to 5, as follow: I Yeas-Archer, Brice, Douglass, Du - Bose, Efird, Fuller, Jordan, Mayflold, McCalla, Norris, Pettigrew, Ragin, s Sanders, Stackhouse, Stribling, Wat son, Williams-17. t Nays---Barnwoll, Donnis, Moses, : Turner. Verdior-5. 3 Thle bill then passed its third read 1 Ing, after being under consideration - for three hours. FREE TUITION IN COLLEGES. Shall the State Institutone be Kept Open for all Students Without Charoo? The night session of the Senate was one of lively and interesting debate. The educational bill was up for con sideration, and this measure never fails to create a lively interest and de bate. - Mr. Efird offered an amendment that all pupils should pay an annual tuition I of $30 a year. - Mr. McCalla offered an amontmont -making the tuition $25 a yoar. Mr. Watson said we are giving too much toward higher education ; that we are sponding money for twenty four per cent. of the pupils while seventy-six per cent. are going without aid. He said there were so many oilico hunters they were afraid to deal fairly with the question. Evory man who - had no oflice was expecting to run for 3 one. He said wo were paying $300 a 1 year each for hoys to get an academic education. The State said to overy I boy: "Wo will pay five dollars to your i cducation where you pay one." Solf I reliance was the first principle of re publicanismn, and we should teach our 1 young men to rely upon themselves for at least a part of their education. It I was anl idle dream to expect a real col lege in the South till wo could get on 3 dowmonts. If Clemson was maintained as a Mechanical and Agricultural College, 1 if it was strictly a technological school - as intended, it would not stel on any Sbody 'a toes-it would do the logitimate I work for which it was created, and 3 our colleges would got along harmo 3 niously. . Mr. McCalla: "You speak of our B colleges ? Did 'our colleges ever ge into the highways and hedgos for pooi boys and attempt to educate them ?'" Mr. Watson: "I don't exactly under I stand you. The truth is, only one pool d man out of overy thousand goes to thes( colleges. It was an idle dream to ox r pect a real college in the South till wi could got ondowmonts." r Mr. Norris said while hie agreed witl the gentleman from Edgollold on man3 k points, they had tried to frame a bil * to meet the exigencies of all occasions 0 The bill proposed wits a compromise s They ha:d to distinguish between the indigent and those able to pay; to offer t beneficiaries was unfair to soine, and 8 to admit all free seemed impossible. , Therefore they had decided to put the t tuition at $40 per annum. Mr. McCal la wanted to know why the State shouftli aid these colleges, if they 1 chargo $40 tuition ? That was the same ) as denominational colleges. 3 Mr. Norris said he hardly knew ho0w 3 to answer the question, but we had no - right to undermine the denominational - institutions. Ho said if we charged 1 $410 all the denominational colleges would combine and wipe out our insti I tutions. C Mr. Watson said of the 05,000 pupili -in the colleges only 15,000 were in 3 State colleges. H~e wanted the Statt t institutions not to supplant buit to sub stitute the work done by other eol o leg'es. ~Mr. McCalla said he was not her, representing colleges, but hIs people1 0 The argument of Mr. Watson, he saidl d p~roved that the State had been- dero liel l' in its dluty. There were no other col a leges doing the work of Clemson and 'C Rock Hill. When he saw the p)oor boym 4 and girls collecto I from every sectior 0 and sent to these colleges, he thanked God for a B. RI. Tillmnan. T1heso young .0 peolo could never have gono else 0 where. The preparatory department .0 at Clemson merely showed thle impllossi hi lity of properly prep~aring those boym r'. for college. 0 Mr. Archer said M r. McCalla's qucec argument meant that the Stato couh, 3, not comnpete with the de-nominational P colleges, and that because rich men. ,paid the taxes they should have the f, benefit of their taxes. Mr. McCalla : 1 beg pardon, but I -never said anythin g of the kind. 1- Mr. Archer' : Your argument said it. , ls it necessar'y to pay $300 each in or r,' der that young men may learn to remad and write ? We hamve biegia to build It at the top), lhe saidl. From a political standpjoinit, we hiad come here as lRe It formcers, we old rascals. We had run d into ollico on the poor man's college. but the pioor man had footed the bill Ci to the tune of $912,000. & Mr. McCalla asked what the old d crowd did for the poor boys of the 0 State? C Mr. Archer said1 if they did not build 0 any schools, they didlnt waste thou E sands of dlollaris playing big Ike in it spening~ mfoneyi for birick andI miortar, g In the passago~ of the applropriation 11 bill, Senator Watson moved to strike io out the provision rcquiring free tuitior in the South Carolina College for twc to young IfuAa from each county in th State. Mr. Moses and Mr. Finley denied nt that sochl was the policy of the State, re and thought that the amnendmoni a- sihouild not be adtopted. To'( deri~Wv tht r- poor boys of this State of such a pirivi of logo would bo legislating for a class. Id Mr. Watson did not want to go or r- record as an enemly oif hi gher edutm-a o- tion although somfe J)'ole In iste'l or o- putting him ther'e. rhe State (1. 101 ic need more teachers, anid if they dlid 1n the collaegns wouldl not furnish thoem There is no school without a teacher that could not get fifty applications for the place in a week. You don't need these mon for seachors. le said the South Carolina College wanted $2,000 for repairs, although they say the buildings are in good ro pair; and $800 to touch men to turn summorsaults. The people were prom ised $3 per capita for their children, but they would not get $2. The State had spont over a million dollars in a few years for higher education and Clemson got $100.000. Mr. Norris said that he could not let such remarks go unanswered. Such statements were wild. Mr. Watson was a friend of Clemson College, and boasted of it; but theo college would got $100,000 from all sources under this appropriation bill; $300 a year for boys, many in acadomic work. He said that lie did not intend to raise a question about the appro priation, and would not have done so, but was opposed to giving 72 boys free tuition. He proteated and he expected to con tinuo to protest against its poor a State as South Carolina expending :200,000 for higher education, with 15,000 white voters not able to read their ballots. Mr. Mayfiold was opposcd to the amendment. le had listened to Mr. Watson's arguments timo and time again. He was glad to hear the gon tleman say lie favored education, but was surprised at his votes. Ile was surplIsed to hear him say the Stato did not need more teachers. If he was so earnest for the education of the masses why has he not attampted to do more in his county ? It was easier to tear down than to build up. The money given to Clemson College was not for running expenses but for equipment buildings and permanent work. There were not young boys at Clemson-the youngost was 16 and the oldest 30. Mr. Mayfield went on to show how Clemson enabled niany a pool' boy to get an education, and the grand work that It was doing. He was willing to support all these colleges liberally. Mr. Watson wished to so South Car olina College and the Citadel live on forOver. Clemson is safo. Hie said the president of Clemson wanted $11,000 al)p)ropriation for profsso"s salaries and it was too much. We should not tolerate such extravagance. Mi. Moses asked if ThonasJefferson did not establish the Virginia Univer sity with a view of having free tuition? He was in favor of froo tuition and it had always worked well as a rule. The motion to lay Mr. Watson's amendment on the table was adolptod by the following vote: Yoas: Barnwell, Hlrico, Buist, Don nis, Finley, Fuller, Harrison, Jordan, Mayfield, Miller, Moses, Mower, Mu Calla, Noris, O'Dell, Ragin, Sloan, Stackhouso, Stribling, Walker-20. Nays : Archor, Barton, Brown, Pet tigrew, Derham, Douglass, DuBose, liErd, Kirkland, MDaniel, Turner, Williams, Watson-13. THE NEW DISPENSARY LAW. Tho Amendments Wero Rushed Through tho House--The Bill Finally Passo. When the Disvoneary bill was callel up Mr. Manning wanted it considered by the House its a coimittoo of the whole, in order, he said, to accept its good features and reject its bad ones. This was the only way to do this as the bill was a Senate amendmont. Mr. L. J. Williams said there wore features of the bill, which he opposed, but it was important that some law be passed and the House had no time to go Into conferences on the bill. In Section 2 a sentence was found which made no sense. The printed bill and the manuscript bill wore exactly the samo. Mr. L. J. Williams wanted the chair to rule whether either Houwe could correct a clerical er'ror. The chair ruled that it could only be done by a conference committee. Mr. Sturkie thought the best thing do do was to go into a committee of the whole and make these corrections. Hie made a motion to that effct, which was agreed to and Mr. McSweeney was called to the chair and Mr. Manning nominated Speaker Gary as chairman, which was agirecd to. On motion of Mr. Sturkio the sen tence in dection 2 was corro'otedl andl the reading of the bill was procoeded with. On motion of Mr. W. J. Johnston the salary of the commissioner was made $1,800 instead of $2,500. Mi'. Watson moved an amendment permitting the board( of control to have liquor's analyzed either oy the chemist of the South Carolina College or' Clom son College. ta Mir. Thomas raised the point ta while the House was sittIng the mace must be r'emioved fr'om the Spesakcr's desk. Thue point was ruled to be well taken and the mace was placed under the rep)orter's' table. A numbn er of amendmnents were about to be ofoered when Mr'. L. JI. Williams saidl that if thIs kept uip the billI woutld not he completed during the day and as the Htouso had to elect a board of control andl good men ought to be se lected without any rush and lie moved that the committee rise, which was agr'eed to. J udge Townsend in speaking of the clerical error's, said that he would stake his pr'ofessional rep~utationi that the courit woul~d construotl tile sentences in their tr'ue intent and meaning and lhe thought thle Ho~uso could adopt the Senate amendment, without fear'. Mr'. Bacot moved that the amend-l mnents of the committee on the whole be ad1opted and referred to the comi mnittee of conference to be later ap) p)ointed. T1his was tabhled on motion of Mr. L. J1. Williams and the r'oading of thle bill was resumed. 1t was ten minutes to I whlen the reading was completed, and Mr. Broa zeale moved t>t t, the House do not concur in order - 2 have a committee of f ree con for'anco. Mr. Uncot said1 that he simply wished to state one single objection to the bill in addition to others lie had. By its prlovisions no mother' or housekeeper of the State can keep a bottle of black berry wvino or plum cordial without be ing subject, to this Act. He didn't be hiove any right minded man could vote to hbring the women of the State into the vortex of this 'egislation which had so vexed her sois. lie asked that lie b e allowed to spread his reasons upon ~theo journal. pointed Messrs. Breascalei .ShuUS t'h and L. J. Williams a committee et con feronce on the bill. The committee on conference 04 thC 34. Dispensary bill reported that they had considered the same and Could not agree. A committee on freec64fereazce. was appointed, the members froma he House being Messrs. Townsend, Ro d land was lainford. The committee on free conferenceo the dispensary bill reported that they had agreed. The salary of the com missioner remains at $2,500 Instead of $1,800 as the House wanted it. The other amendments consisted of the co* roction of clerical errors generally. The chief feature of the new law is that the Legislature shall elect a board of control of five memcers who shall elect the commissioner. They . have control of all purchases, etc. BIRTH PLACE OF ANDREW JACKSON. Tho Strange Storios Told about Old Hickory --He Had Kinfolks in Spartanhurg County. Naj. Wn. Iloy in The 8partan, For several years I have been seeing erroneous statements in regard to the i)lacO of Gun. Andrew Jackson's nativ ty. The latest that I have seen was In the Atlanta Almanac for the year 1896, stating that he was born in union - county, N. U., and his mother was a Hlutchison. I corrected that mistake forty years ago. Ie was born in one quarter of a mile of Waxnaw mdeting - house (U'resby torian), Lancaster county, S. U. Ilis mother's maiden name was urawford, closely related to the Uraw ford's of the Tygers, as will be seen further on. Sometime between 1785 and 1790, several members of the Wax haw church moved to Ben's creek, in cluding the Mooros, Haddens, McCorde, Coons and Weeks. The Moore and Haddon children went to school where Gen. Jackson did, and their parents woro members of the Waxhaw church where Mrs. Jackson's membership was. My mother was a Hlndden and went to the same school. Her father's resi donee was only ono-quarter of a mile from Mrs. Jackson's. Eaton's "Life of Jiackson" says his mother was a Craw ford and that he was born at Waxhaw, Lancastor county, S. C. That was the first life of Jack son written. I have soon it hundreds of times stated In - that book. Eaton was afterwaede a member of Jackson's cabinet. Jack son's proclamation against nullifica tion calls South Carolina his native State. His ,mother died after he had entered his tons, and she had, no doubt, mado him aware of her maiden . name and the place of her nativity. I have stated I would show the rela tionship between the Tyger Crawfords and Gen. Jackson. In 1860 1 was in troduced to an old gentleman by the namo of Crawford, a native of Abbe ville, S. C. He told me he was a nephew of Patrick Crawford who was killed by mistake of two whig parties meeting on the waters of the Tygors and tiring at each other before the mis take was found out. He was then a rosidont of Pontotoc, Miss. B.e invited mo home with him and he told me he could show me, in Gen. Jackson's own hand-writing, a statement making himself and Patrick Crawford first cousins. I was sorry I could not accept the invitation. When I got home I found the senior members of the Craw ford connautis knew it, but knowing they might be criticised had never said anything about it. I hope, Mr. ditor that the South Carolina histo rian will see that this is placed in its propor place. The changing his moth or's name from Crawford to Hutchison shows something wrong, or that the North Carolina claim to the honor of his birth is groundless. This North Carolina claim is nothing new to me. I know the parties that gave that in formation. The same parties gave the information that Jackson could hardly road or write and was a saddler by trade. A Bishop Potter used some of that information in a centennial ad dress and got himself compared to a certain long-eared animal by Dana, of the New York Sun, and quoted Living ston's speecch in the United States Son ate in 1820, to show Jackson was the host qualified by education and admin istrativo ability to be the President of the United States. Livingston was thoe head of Jackson's brilliant staff at New Orleans and afterwards his Pro mier, andi had the reputation of being the best lawyer in the United States. -The Yorkville 10nquirer notes th' death of General Lewis Merrill, which occured in the Presbyterian hospital, P-hliladol ph ia, last Thursday morning, as the result of a kidney affection. Merrill was post commandant at York ylo during the Ku-Klux troubles of the early '70's, and in this position be came notorious. His energy was equal ed only by his unscrupulousness,and as the result, the Ku-Klux organization was soon broken up, and the guilty, along with perhaps many of the in nocent, were conv icted before Judge Bond. Before Merrill's arrival, Gav ernor Scott offered a regard of $200 for each capture and conviction of a Ku-Klux, andi under this oiler Merrill colleatod something like $20,000. By his action in taking the money he lost caste to a large extent in thi army. When iocatedl in Yorkville he was a mnajor but sovera; years ago ho was re tiredl as a general. itxcept n connec tion with his promnotion, retirement. and death he has hardly been heard of since he loft Yorkville. CmUARIrs.-"Does cigarette smok ing injure the lungs?" asked some one of a leading New York physician. For his answer the doctor li ghted a cigar etto, and, Inhaling a. mouthful of smoke, blew it through the corner of his handkerchief which he held tightly over his mouth. A dark brown stain was distinctly visible. "Just such a stain," said the doctor, "is left upon' the lungs." If you ever smoke another cigarette, think .of ih tis o r making. nosasyuar There is a disease called the elgar ette eye, which is regarded as danger ous. A illmi comes over the eye, pa peariup: and disapearing at intervals. And did vu know that boys have been made bifnd by smoking elgareutes? How would you like to part with your sight, and neveor again behold the 1r1lhndof day or the faces of your ir*enda? .