OCR Interpretation

The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, September 16, 1897, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067634/1897-09-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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For the past week case after case of New
Goods have been opened up. We can now
show you the most elegant and varied stock
of Dress Goods, Silks and Trimmings ever
shown in a Greenville store.
gives to us great advantages in the way of
room and light. We ittend to give to the
trade the best goods for the least money to
be had. We want the "Big Store" to be a
"household word" with every housekeeper.
Our range of styles and qualities in Dress
Goods, from 25c to $1.00, is unmatchable.
Handsome Novelty Patterns (no two alike),
from $3.45 up.
Silks! Silks! Silks !
Silks that are prettier and cheaper than ever
before. Taffetas in plain and changeable
effects, in fact all the new conceits in silks.
in Flannels, Jeans, Cassimeres, Blankets, ready
made Pants, Underwear, Shoes, &c.
r|'To secure the
come to our new place, No. 211, Upper Main
St., near the Old Morgan Wagon Lot.
Veiy truly,
d. . MORGAN & Bno.
EXAMINATION OF TEACHERS. an examination who is not at least 11
years of age, and before taking at
The State Board of Education Fixes examination each applicant shall pasE
New Requirements for Applicants, such oral tests in reading and langu
age as the board may impose.
The examinations of applicants for A first grade certificate may be re
teachers' county certificates will be newed by the county board from which
held throughout the State on Friday, it was issued. If, however, a teachers'
September 24. The following rules instit.nte or summer school is held in
adopted by the State board of educa- the county, a first-grade certiicate
tion are applicable now for the first shall not be renewed unless the holder
time - attends the institute or summer school
Every applicant for a county certi- or shows some satisfactory reason :or
ficate shall stand a satisfactory written not doing so.
examination before the county board A second grade certificate, Class B,
of education, on uniform questions shall not be renewed unless the holder
prepared and furnished by tbe State attends a teachers' institute or sum
board, the examination to be held in mer school, and in such case it may bc
all the counties on the same day, or renewed.
he shall present to theountreputard A second grade certificate, Class B
chartered college or university of thisshlnoberewd
State, known to be of good standing. The county board shall issue to cacd
No -cert,ificate shall be issued on a applicant making the required pei
diploma showing that the holder has cent, a certificate signed by each mem
only completed the course of some bor of the board and under the seal oi
particular department of a school ; the the ofilce of the county superintendeni
diploma must show that the full col- of education of the county, and showing
lege course has -been completed. on its face the per cent, made on each
Only two grades of examination branch and the general average. The
questions shall be prepared and fur- certificate shall run for t wo years fron
nished for the county examinatio)ns. its date, anad the hol der shall bc
There shall be but two grades of deemed competent to teach in th<
teachers' county certificates--a first public schoole of the coqnt y,
grade and a secon(l grade, the lat'ter No cer''.icate of qualification shall
being divided into class A and class B. be granted by any county board under
'This not to affect any certificate now any circumstances to any person whc
putstanglin g. is under 18 years of age.
To obtain a first grade teachers' The county board of one county ma
county certificate, the applicant shall recognize a certificate issued by th4
stand a written examination on first county board of another county, but it
grade questions, p)repared and fur- such case they shall register the nam<
nished to the county board of educa- of the holder, county from whicia
tion by the State board, and shall issued, date and numbe" of the certifi
make a general average of not less cate, and when so registered it shall
than 80 per cent., and not less than 50 have the same force as if issued in thai
per cent. on any one branch. The county.
couty baredng als imnupose oral Each county board shall keep a
To obtain a second grade terchers, register, in which shall be recorded
county certificate, the applicant shall the name, ago, sex and postolilce of
stand a written examination on ques- each person to whom a certificate is
tions prepared and furnished to the granted, and also the date and grade
county board of education by the State of the certificate.
board, and also such oral tests in read
ing and language as the county board H ARm Cmlen: APi'iei,-A fashionable
may impose. To an applicant stand- society girl married a man who lives
ing an examination on first grade ques- In a country town, and as she reatll3
tions and failing to obtain a first grade loved her husband she wanted to do al
certificate, a second grade certificate, she could to pleaso him. One (lay sh<
class A, shall be issued if the apa1i- told him she was going to maikesom<
cent makes a general average of 70 nIce home-made cider for him, an<
per cent., and not less than '45 per cent, when he camne home she had about twi
on any branch ; and, if the applicant bushels of little 'hard apples p)iled uj
makes a general average of not less in the kitchen.
than 60 per cent, and not less than 40 " why, Maud !" ho exclaimed
*per cent on any one branch, a second when he saw them, " what have y1
grade ctrtificate, class B, shall be got there ?"
Issued. In estimating for a second " Apples daln, h rpidwt
grade' certificate on the first grade a smiling f'ace.ln,se ele i
quiestions, Algebra need not be in- " Where did yo tte?
- eluded. If it would be to the appli- "1Bought thyu t he
cant's advantage, it may be inci-ided. "But what dido curse, love."
To an applicant standing an examina- ones for ? yugtsc a
tion on second grade questions, a " Didn't you say o atdt a
pecond grade certificate, class A, shell some home cider she wasked th th
be issued if the applicant makes a trace of a quiver in her voicde.t t
general average of not less than 80 per " Yes my dear ; but these aren
cent, and not less than 50 per cent. on good cidier ap pies.,,r"n
any one branch ; and if the applicant " Why-why," she hesitated, "y
makes a general average of net less said you liked hard eider, and of'cour
:than 70 per cent, and not less than 40 1 had to have hard apples, to make
#T6V cent. on any - one branch, a second with, didn't I ?"
rAde certificate, class B, shall be The husband kissed the wife an
No person.shall be permittedl to taken ano lik olde.Yonhubn
Tetporary Prosperity Due to Mort
Money- Cond itiolns Exist Now That
" May Not Next Year.
The Now York World makes a
strong feature of an OXclusive article
from William J. Bryan, whom it styles
the unquestioned leader of a great
party. He discusses the recent rise
in wheat as it affects the cause of
bimetallism, and makes a forceful pro
sentation of the Democratic position
on the silver question :
L1NCOL1N, Neb., Sept. 1, 1897.
The rise in wheat will aid rather
than Injure the cause of bimetallism.
While a fow people may be inclined to
give an administratio, credit or blame,
as the case may be, for everything
that happens during its existence,
every Intelligent person reasons from
cause to effect.
Wheat has risen because the foreign
crop has dcen exceedingly short.
Bimttallis's contend that the law of
supply and demand Is universal. They
apply it not only to money, but to bull.
ion, both gold an] silver, to wheat and
to every other article of value. They
contend that the exchangeable value
of both money and merchandise will
be aifected by anything which affects
either the demand or the supply.
The American wheat grower is just
now profiting by the almost unpre
cedented disaster which has overtaken
the wheat growers of India, Europe
and South America.
When wheat reached 75 cents a
bushel a Republican in Western Ne
braska pointed out that the risc was
just about equal to the tariff on wheat.,
and attributed the rise to the Dingiey
law, but It would be an insult to the
intelligence of the average iRepublican
to suppose him capable of cherishing
such a delusion. While wheat is
higher in Liverpool than it is in New
York (and it always, or nearly always,
is) a tariff on wheat has no influence
upon the price in the United States.
In an interview given out Aug. 22,
President McKinley said : " The
cause of the present boom in the West
is undoubtedly due, in a great measure,
to the large crops and high prices
caused by the failure of crops in other
If the Republicans desire to claim
credit for the high price of wheat,
they must assume responsibility for
the famine in India. Will any He
publican Convention " point with
pridc " to the famine as an evidence
that the Republican party is redeein
ing its campaign pledges :
Will the Republican party pledge
Itself to use its best cfforts to continue
the famine abroad, as it pledged itself
last year to promote international
The most significant thing about
Republicans rejoicing over the rise in
wheat is that in admitting the rise-to
be bencticial they arswer the argu
ments made last fall by the leading
advocates of the gold standard and
plant themselves on the ground here
toforo occupied by binietallists.
We were told last fall that, an ap
preciating dollar was a national bless
ing, and yet, within a year the entire
RepublIcan press is in ocstacy because
the purchasing power of a dollar has
baon to some extent decreased.
The wage-earners were told last fall
that a rise in the price of commodities
would be detrimental to them, and yet,
behold ! how happy the Re-publican
spellbinders are because one great
staple-lour-has risen.
HO1W WILL P'liOSptItmTY i iE i1 \ UIw
The laboring men wvere told that
their wages would be virtually reduced
when it r quired more dollars to buy a
given amount of food and clothing.
Can it be that our opplonents have fo
gotten t.he " railway sound-money
clubs y" As soon as the e-np)loyees
ask for their share of the promised
pirosperity the large employ'ees wvill be
comp)elled to raise wages or cease
boasting that prosperity has retur-ned.
While the Rtepublicans seem to have
come over to out- position, ther-e is this
essential dlifference between them and
the bimetallists: the latter- desir-e to
raise all pri-is to the bimetallic level,
and then keep them there by a finan
cial system which will furnish a stand
ard money sullicient in volume to keep
pace with the demand for money ; the
former praii-e a dear dollar, but gi-ow
happy over the chapening of the dol
lar in its relation to a few atrticles.
A gen~erail rise quickens enterprise
for- the time being, and the maintain
ing of the level, when reached, pro
tects business in gener-al, and the pro
ducers of wealth in par-tic-ulai-, from
the dlsast-ous e-fleets (of falling pr-ices:
a rise in a few ar-ticlcs may biing ad
vantage to those wvho pr-oduece such
articles and yet be a detriment to those
who are engaged In the pr-oduction of
ar-tic'es which do not enjoy a corres
pond ing r-ise.
A few instances may be given. If
wool rists, the wool-grower will lbe
benefited, but the manufactur-er of
woollen geods wili sull'or unless ther-e
is a corresp;onding advance In the
priice of woolen goods.
But an adlvance in the p)ricO of
woollen gotods Is an injur-y to those
who wear woollen goods unless they
enjoy acor-responding icase in their
If sugar rises, the Sugar- Trust r-caps
I the plrofit, hut it mubt be at tihe ex
|pense of those who consume sugar un -
less the corsumers of sugar can make
enough more to cover the Increased
,Ipr-ice. So, when wheat rises, thle
jwheat-growe- is benefited, but he
p)roJits at the expense of those who use
l Ilour- unicas the latter in somne way
securie a corresponding increase l'n
th sir incoimes.
A general rise in pr,ices should be
d followed b)y a rise in wages. Mir.
Carl isle in his speech of 183 coin
e menting up)on the advantages to be
o secur-ed thruough the ilaund act, sui d:
"Instead of constanit atnd r'elentless
tcontract,ion : instead of a constant api
preeiation of moniey andi depreciation
of property, we will have ex pansion t(
e the extent of at least two million (101
Et lars per month, and unde- its inltuene
the exchangeable valuet of commodi0(
d ties, including labor, will soon begin t(
.5s rise, thus inviting intvestiment, infus
ing life into the dad undust...s of th,
country and quickening the pulsatiomt
of trado In all its departmcntts."
GO0D E l"1''S 01' lUl i' i'tas.
The farmer and the manufacturer
would each receive a higher price for
his product and would be able to pay
more to thoso etuployed in its prod uc
tion. The laborers, on the other hand,
would at onco realize the advantage
enjoyed by the employer and their own
disadvantago and demand an increase
in wages. The labor organizations,
aided by the increased demand for la'bor,
would obtain this increase and thus
secure protection from harm. The good
elfect of a genera l rise and a subsequent
levol of prices would be widespread
and .eruanent.
The owners of money and the
holders of fixed investments are the
only ones to whom rising prices bring
a real injury, and this injury is partly
rcmedieut by the greater security given
to investments.
If it is said that ri ing priecs do an
injustice to the owners of money and
those enjoying fixed i cones, let it be
renembc red that the rcstoration of
bimetalli.m can only take away the
advantage which the gold standard
gave. It is a choice belween falling
prices indefinitely continued and a
return to the bimetallic level. The
gold standard gives a perpet,ual ad
vantage to the nioney-owning clast
and works it perpetual injustice to the
producews of wealth, while bitmetallislm
givc s a temporary advantage to the
lroducers of wealth at th exIense of
the lmoney owners, and, then cstab
ilsbes justtce between all classes by
preserving stability in the purehas
Ing power of the dollar.
Tlose who understand the cause of
the recent rise in wheat know that the
price will fall when foreign erops
again become normal ; in fact, wheat
has already receded twice owing to
the fear that the lir.t report:; of foreign
crop failure were exaggerated. The
export price of wheat for the year
ending June 10, lS:12, was $l.u3; for the
year following it Was ',l cent,: by the
lst of Novenmr, lMi, the prie: had
fallen below 70.ents.
What will be the political clet of
th is temporary advance ?
That it rmust be adverse to the .ite
publican party is certin. If any are
foolish enough to credit the rise to the
new tailIT law, to the gold stand,rd or
to "restored conlidenice," the spell will
be broken when wheat returns to the
level of the last (ew years. The dis
appointment will then be the ior(-in
tense because of the tetuporary delu
sion, and the lielmblicanl papers which
are to-day calling attention to the
price of wheat arc simply laying up
for themlselves additional troubtle.
The advocates of bimetallism can
rejoice in the ri vhile it lasts, and
when it is over they can cont rast the
advantages of hig her prices, due to an
inereased volune of m11onle'y, With t,he;
short lived bentlits of a spaiuodie
rise, due to a famlinc so distressing as
to appeal to the s3 .lpathy c,nd charity
of the Amirican people.
An etlicial in the Agricultural 1)e
partnent has recently issued a state
ment estimating that the farmers of
the United States will receive for their
wheat crop this year several hundred
millions more than they recciv. d for
last year's crop, and points out t:h
st.imulating effect of this amount, of
money on other branches of industry.
This is another confirmlation of the
arguments made by the hiietallists.
,\ i:lO) SIGN.
A large part of this money comes
from abroad. Wheat is not only high
er, but more of it is being exported.
If we had enough money in thiis coun
try, an increase in the volume would
be an injury.
If an increase in the volu,me of
monley, seured by the ex portat,ion of
bighlier wheat, gives cauise for r'j'ic
ing, is it not evidlence that we now
have an insullicient qluantity ?
If the farmers are~ constantly re
minded of the large inease in the
value of this yeCar's crop, will they not
be able to calculate their ios- the more
easily when wheic.t goes down ?
is it not possible~ that thu pleasure
expecrienced from the rise in wheat
will lead farmers to dlesire an increaise
in the prie of other farm plrodunets Y
When they learn the advantages of
restored priies will they not seek somel
more durable means of sustaining
prices tban a drought or a famine ?
Thie department, ollicial has also eon
tr'ibuted to our cause by emph)lasizing
theu benefit,rcecived by oth er industies
from thie farmer's proJ perit.'
The l'resident during the ist camn
paign gave ut,t.eirance to a ver uy ef-.
Liv pilh rase when lie suggest'ed the
opening of the mills instead of th ie
innts, but lhe was aniiswered by the
atatemnent that thu in ills won Id open
when the people were abl e to buy the
produicts oft the milks. \Vhien a Gov
er'nment, ollicial pointis out the advant,
ages accui ng to the couintry from the
fact, t,hat the farm-ners have, several
hundred mlillions of additional money
ti sp)end in paiy ing debts an:d buy intg
merebiand ise, he atrn ngt,hens t,he posi
tion taken by bimnetallists.
I t c ir.se in wheat will enabile the
farmers to pay their interest more
pr-omptly3 and have money left to buy
merchandise, how much greati r wonuld
be the general bentlit, if the rise ex
tended to all agrieu itu ral producetsy
I n calcul1at,ing thie pol it,i cal fleet of
a rise in wheat it x: ust be remnemiibe red
that many farmers weire Lthreatened
with foreclosure during the last cam
paIgn andl that, a considerable part of
thle money received fin- wheat wvill be
emp1loyed in pay inrg oIl mortgage,,.
T1hus int,imidation will he some,what
res tricted, hut th1,e demina nd for mer
chand so will he le,i than it would be
under ordinary cIrcumstances. The
reasons given above for balieving that
himetc al lists w Ill find encuragement
rath( r than discouragennti in present
conditions are the same which have
been given ,by ot,ber advocates of
hi mettllIsm11. T1hose whol advocate
free o sinage ma~y be wrong, hut they
agiree upon0 the priniipies which u n
dlerlice the moiney queIstio,n, and they
are not lkely to be frightened away
from their p)ositjoni by events which
on force their aiguiments.
Thelm law cif supply and demand ex
p)lains the fall in silver as welt as the
rise in whleat. To1 what extent the:
fall in silver may have been accelerat
ed hy speculationi in silver bullion I
ciannot say. It woni be piossible fom
the bears t,o run the noina of sinem
down to some extent, just as the3
sometimes lower the price of grain,
and it would be much easier to manip
ulate the silver market, because both
tho denand aud supply are more
limited than the demand for or supply
of grain ; but, without considering the
elfect of speculation, both legislation
and clrcumstancts have tended to
lessen the price of silver.
The action of Japan has lessened the
demand for silvet, and the United
States has not. yet made sullicient pro
gress towards international bimetai
lisin to strengthen the market. Added
to this the short wheat crop In
silver-using countries has le-s.ned the
demand for tlhe silver for the purchase
of wheat.
l'or many years the price of wlheat
kept comtpany with the price of silver.
I do vot mean to say that the lluctua
tions were altways situultanveous, but
they were measurably so. This re
lation hetween silver and wheat was
conmented upon by 'ir. Iinsk, Secre
tary of Agriculture. In his report of
ISUO. page 8, lie said : " The recent
legislation looking to the restoration
of the bimetallic staui(ar(d of our cur
rency, and the consei(uenI enhance
ment of the value of silver, has un
iuestionably advanced the price of
wheat. in Russia and India, and in the
same degree reduced their power of
competition. English gold was former
ly exchanged for cheap silver, and
wheat purehased with the cheaper
toetal was sold in G;reat 13rit,ain for
gold. Much of this advantage is lost
by the appreeiation of silver in those
countries. It is rcaaontable, there
fore, to exlect. mllucl hagher prices for
wheat than have been received in re
eent years."
The above quotation explains why
wheat and silver kept together, ani
also supports the proposition that
legislation Can raise the price of silver
by increasing tie detuanl for it. When
Mr. liutsk umate this commeunt India
had free coini_e, and the wheat
growers of the United States had to
meet the coinpetition by reducing the
price of wheat as the price of silver
V'itlY Stiti'Eit (U'01NTRIES UNUERESI.I,
In ISU3 free coinage was suspended
in India, so that liriti.<h purchasers
could no longer have their, silver con
verted into rupees. The Indian Gov
ernnent., however (according to the
ropor't issued by the Director of the
t'nited States Alint. in I-:il), under
took to furnish ilfliten rupets in ex
change for one pound sterling {gold).
I bis fixed the ratio at about 21 to I
and gives tihe I mli-n falremtr an advant
age of about 50th per cuet. over the
Amcrican farrmler.
The fact that silver and wheat have
parted coim,pany will cause no dismay
to those who understand that the law
of supIly and deI mand uiiihates the
price of both. It is the content,ion of
Iimetallists that the opening of ourt- I
mints to the free and unlimited coi;,
71ge of silver at the ratio of Ili to t will
lix a mint price for silver, jts, as Ia
mint price is now fixed !or gold. They
further contend that the demand thus
creatLid by law will be sulli,ient to
itil:zc all 'ho silver presented, and
tlus tlie hlon value will be raised to
the coimge value.
Soiie of our oilooients have insisted
that, silver at $1.29 an ountce would
make the silver d1olar as hard to ob
tain as the gobi dollar- is now, but they
Ignore the fact that an increased
volhitme of standard money will lessen
the purchasing power of a dollar,
whether it he of silver or gold, atnd
thus restore prices to the bimetallic
WilAT llAVE 'TILE Htimil.\NS i)ONtEY
Wh at, h as the Itecpubi c an pari ty
(lone to) bring lposper ity3 to the A meri
can l'eilie ?' It cannot be said that
the mere election of a I lipub lta
l 'resident upo a)f it epubil icani platformi
br-ings pro-ispetrit,y, hbecause buLsi ness
fa iluIiresu and hank I failhtres increteased
after tihe c leet,ion. In tetrnational
himet all ismi cannoi t, bri ng prospjeri ty
uintil an1 inter nati(oal agree mcint be
comfes more1- probab,le tban it is niow.
Sintce thli pubcii)1canlS haive con tent
ed t,beniii.elves, f.>r th~e presenmt, iith
leg islt,i(nin 1. he tar i If q ucst,ion, t,hey
must look to the tatri f law and to that
alone, for such aiid as polit,ical action
can give.
Tlhey are justly enitit led to cmred it foe
auny goodii whli ch it br1inugs, and just,ly
ies pornsi ble for- any inju ry wvh ichi it in -
(h' Opponeni)ts oif the 1)inglecy bill
dlescr ibeid its prici eipal featu ros whlen
they called it 'legislationocf tihe tr-usts,
by the ti-nusts an d for- th tiruists."' That
the beneliciar-es of such a law wvill ri
joice is to be0 e.xpected, but can the
lI epub11lican Ilarety showv that the law
has br-ough t or can bi-ing ad vantage to
the people ini geniereal y
Nothiiing can bc-tter- diiscloso the
weakns oIScf the Itepuciblicean position
t,han the joy maentifest,ed by Repiubhi
cans (over events for- wihich t,hiir Ad
ministrat,ion and their policies are in
noi way resplonsible.
W. . BitYAN.
I,.T.m D)i:,Ai Wi h '.-D)elawareo was
the ierst state ad mitted to the UJnion
aund is the otto to w hich R~andol ph, of
of I toanok -, refeirred contemeptuously
as having two coulnties at high tide
antd three at low tide, it 18 btihl gov
er-ned by antiquatcd colonial mnaohin
eery. The senat,e of its legislature con
sists of nmio members only. .Delawar-e
is onie of the states which has nio lieu
tenant governor-, at d therefore from
out of thoe nine members one is
chosen ,as presiding ollicer, and the
other- eight are the law-making body.
The state isidivided1 into thiree coun
ies--New Castle, which includes the
city of Wilmington; Kent,- which in
cludes the capital city of D)over, and
Suessex, the rustic southeern county.
New Castle bas i sover-al thousand
more voter-s than Kent and Sussex
combined, but the basis of repiresenta
tioin in the Dover senate h the samne
for all throe---thece nmeimbers from
each county, and os. any puiblic tiues
tion, therevfoiro, in the senate, a minor
ity of the people can by a two-thir-de
maejority out vote the majority. T1h<
city of Wilmington casts about one
thir-d of the total vote of the state, huL
it has only one representtivo in th<
senate. The house of ropresentativoi
eonsist,u oif 21 members chose withou
reference to population, seven (i-ou
each conty.
We Expect to Try Ourselves
If you do not get to Easley before Fall, you
must not fail to come to see us. We give to one
and all a cordial invitation, and will take great
pleasure in showing you as nice and as cheap line
of goods as it has ever been your good fortune to
see in these parts. We are preparing for a big
fall trade, and shall endeavor to make it to your in
terest, one and all, to give us your patronage. We
are now oflering
Some Rare Bargains - - -
In unseasonable goods. We certainly can interest you I We have one
lot of Men's Pur 11ats, ranging in price from $1.25 to $1.75, all to go at
"se. each. We are beginning to receive our FALL GOODS, and say
right here that it will pay you to hold to your dollars.until you can got
to the R{aeket.. and know for yoursolf how much you can buy at the
RACN I,T STOlRE for one dollar. We are aware that our competitors
are not, suck on us much, 1. o., not in love with us. But be sure you do
not stop until you are safe in the Store whore you can buy what you
want and as cheap as you can buy anywhere.
\Vishing for you, one aid all, good success, and William Jennings
Iiryan's P.rue Silver, with Uncle Sam's seal, E. Pluribus Unum, we are
your servants to please,
1.:slcy, . C'. CLYDE & NALLY, Proprietors.
- 1835. -
Carriages Buggies - Harness.
G. W. SIRRINE, Supt. - - - H. C. MARKLEY, Prop.
TIl' WICATIIEIt AND CitOPS. the central and eastern counties where
Valuable lnl'oro,ation to Those Infer the August sc=uares and young bolls
ted naraios nearly all dropped oil', and where the
esl1 in I"arnnlrrg Operatlor1s. plant Is, for the most part apparently
.JThe following is the weekly bullet.in dying, with no appearancu of a top
issuedi by tIhe wveathecr bureau in Co- crop, and whe rust was most p)rova
Ilumbia as to tihe condition of the crops lent., TheIre is, howeyer, less shedding
in t,his mrate: anid rust this week than last. Over
CoLuNrrma, S. C., Sept. 7,187 the western counties, the injury to the
Tihe temper'aturec conditions durring ci'rp was not so marked and many
the past week wvere slightly above the fields continue to bloomu and put on
normral, but the dlepar'tu res '.e ro silall fruit, to a limited extent, especially on
o i ar' day. The nrormal meran temn- land cotton. Cotton is opening rap Idly
Irerature for the State will declIne adpIcking is general, with labor
durring tIhe piresenit month at tihe rate ernough avail able, generally to keel)
oIf 2 degrees a week, caused, chielly, cotton picked out as It opens, except
by cooler nights. T1hre mean t,mo- in places where laborers are scarce,
aturoc for the weck was 79, and the ,and the lint is liable to damage from
normaill is about, 7(1. The highest re- storms should any occur. A heavy
p)ortedl was 100 on the 2uth of August rain In Union County damaged open
at Heaufort, and the lowest 59 on the cotton materially. The September
30t,h of August, at Cheraw. At a few picking wvill be large and in places in
stations the maxinum temp)eraturcs clude about half the crop on the stalks.
reached to or above 90 on several Sea Island cotton continues to look
days, and the in inmum temperatures very promising with comparativelv
ranged generally between sixty and little shedding during the last week.
seventy. Corn is matur'ing rapidly and late
The rainfall for the week was gen- corn is turnIng out better than antici
crally light and confined to scattered pated. As yet no corn has bdcn housed.
showers over various portions of the Fodder pulling is about finished ex
State during the first part of the week, cept from very late corn. The weather
the latter portion being without rain favored curing and housing the fodder
except a igtshower on the coast. inthe very betcnio.
R~ain is needed over the greater per- Cutting pea-vine hay made favorable
Lion of the St,ate. progress and the cr'op is a heavy 01n0
Twenty-one p)laces reported meas- generally, although in uhaces the
uiromants (If less than 1 inch, ten of leaves are falling oi' excessively'. Cut
from I to 2 inches ; and one more than ting grass for hay is also well under way
two Inches ; the latter being Kingstree and large yields are reported, of good
with 2.-18. The app)roximate normal qjuality and nicely cumred.
for the week is 1.30 and the mean of The rice harvest is being puLshiOd and1(
all measurements, 0.69. The greater much of the early crop, is cut arnd
portion (of the Stato received no rain stackedl. Somre retpor't rico ripening
or merely light and I nsufliclent irrcgularly wi th nmany' unfilled heads,
amounts, but on thre whole the rico crop) ap
Hail accompanied the rains of the pIroximnates a fuill average. l"ir'st new
29th over much of Berkeley, Colleton milled rit o receivecd at Charleston on
Charleston, Hanmpton andl Beaufor't Sep)t. 2nd frorm the Gcor'getown dis
Counties dloin gconsiderable injury to trt. we-ptteshvebe
cotton and rice. On Aug. :30th hail weesetptte aoao
fell at Bliackvlle, Greenville, iope du.g, the yield is large, and gonerally
Station and Liberty ; on the 31st at tis crop)l looks ver'y promising, with
Camden. some1 excLOjDtionis.
Trhero occurred a few hi1gh winds, Grape)t5 sarec ab out over, but scup!
but they did no material or w~ ids pread jwr"'r, s aro r ipen ing fast and aro
Iiry' . in the tr'ucking d istr'icts the fall
rho sunshine was gener'ally in ex oealsaogrwn i'y n
cess of the nor'mal and averaged plo v g hals agunr' r nicely windo
per cent. of the possib le, but, clomr1 rlnings .~n o tewne
ness increasedl over tIho easternf pour S orghm gin dinrg andl boiling sap is
Lions of the State dur'ing the latter'siludrwywthsm odyed
The weenofk ui(dr r'e view gave favor" ISilsme10 oes oported. Sugar
able weather for harrvostinE mrau'rg1 Much nry is being sown in Chester
crops5, especdial ly mraki . a " a for winter pastLure.
picking cotton, but was too d. .'y U.:ovDrecor
tihe grecator portion of tIrSttfo'J.V.H m lretO'
growing crops 51( and fa plow inrg, of --~**
which bunt lIttle has been done. Wormris T1her'e are now twenty-seVen societies
of various kinds haivo) ceased( to do in the United States, mnomnbor'ship in
any damage exepht to corn in Beau- which doeponds on (descernt frorm ances
for't tors who distinguished themselves by
it' Is the unanimouis opinion of all corning over to Amrea at an early
corresp)ondenCts thait the cotton cr'op date, or' by b)oIng oflies in American
will be~ much smaller than the condli- wars pr'ior to 18(1. Most of thorn ai'e
Lion oif the plant duiring J1uly and the in a llourIsing cond(itLion. Tlhe old
first, tw.o weeks of August promised. ar'istocr'atic Cincinnati leadis them in
'rho loss In condition is greatest over age.

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