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VOL io.---NO. 6. PICKENS S. C., THURSDAY, MAKRII 8, 190O. ONE DOLLAR
A BUNCH 0F GRASS.
In the quiet dusk of a summer even
ing half a dozen men were seated in
front of a ramehacaile old building that
bore this sign :
:STORE AND POS'r OPiici.:
One of the men had been telling a
story. " This man that went down to
LPresno," he was saying, " felt mighty
bad because the girl wouldn't marry
him, and did all he could to boom the
liquor business. One day he ran into
a fortune teller, who told him he must
steal a hair from the tail of a blue
roan horse, between midnight and day
light, and carry the hair in his vest
pocket. Then he would have good
luck for a year, and any girl he fell in
love with would marry him right
"Now, blue roan horses are not so
plenty, but one day the man sees one
and thinks he'll get good luck in
stanter. So he holds out a twenty-dol
lar gold slug and asks the man driving
the horse for a hair out the horse's
tail. The man that owned the horse
catches his breath after awhile and
allowed that he couldn't spare a hair
out of that horse's tail ; that new hairs
didn't grow when old ones were pulled
out; but maybe he might, as a favor,
spare a small one, if the man would
come up with another. So the man got
the hair, but I guess it didn't bring
him much luck, because it wasn't more
than a month afterward till he had a
difference of opinion with the Sherif
of iresno, and the Coroner said the
Sheriff was right.
" So, you see, that's what he got for
buying the horse hair instead of steal
ing it, like the fortune teller told him
" You ain't going already, are you,
Will ?" the speaker asked, as a tall
young man, Will Markham by name,
rose and stretched himself.
" Yes," the latter replied. " lIve a
good twelve-mile ride, and I guess I
le went to the fence for his horse,
mounted, waved his hand to the group
in front of the store, and then rode
out into the deepening shadows of the
night. And all through the long and
lonesome ride he kept wondering if I
there could be any virtue in carrying
a hair from the tail of a bluo roan
* * ax a * *
Irly in the morning two men were
conversing In Sheriff 1louston's spare
r-oom. The muscular and portly
Sheriti, or Squire, as most far western
Sherilis are called, had been speaking
earnestly to the other man, who was
seated in a massive arm chair, one of
those old-fashioned concerns built for
durability and comfort.
"How long do you reckon it'll be.
Squire," asked the younger man, " be
fore ym-" lie seemed at a loss for a
word to properly express his idea.
"Not more than a couple of hours,"
said the Sheril, anticipating him.
"We must have witnessee, you know."
" Oh, yes, of course. But being as it
can't be done legally more than once,
and as it's to last forever, you might
say-1 thought that-"
" Never mind what you thought,"
interrupted the Sheriff, as if his au
thority or ability was being questioned.
" I can tie the knot as tight as any
other man, can't I ?"
" Don't doubt that, Squire."
"Then don't think any muore about
it. As for your being a little nervous,
that's natural ; bcen that way myself. 1
Why, I remember the night I got
married, I was so skeery-"
" I ain't nervous or skeery, squire,"
objected the younger man, as he
straightened himself in his chair.
" Then don't say anything more,"
said the Squire, decisively. " You arec
in for good now, and there's no back
ing out. That settles it. Would you
like a drink of water ?"
" Wouldn't mind Squire."
"8heriff Hlcuston went into the next
room and returned presently with a
half-filled tin dipper, which lhe held
up to the man's mouth, tilting IL rent
ly as the contents diminished. rlhen
he placed the dipper on the table,
crossed the room, looked out into the
yard and said : " Well, I've got to
feed my stock. Hope you won't weak
en whie I'm gone."
"No fear of that Squire."
The young man leaned back in his
chair and became very thoughtful of
the deed about to be performed, lie
was thinking, thinkIng, thinking. The
big clock over the fIreplace ticked off
the seconds, and his thoughts kept
time to their beat. A rooster crowed
lustily in the doorway, atbd he frowned
at the interruption. The big clock
toiled the hour, and he counted the
strokes without looking up, then fell
again to thinking. Finally he was half
aroused by a voice asking
" Where did you come from ?"
He raised his eyes and saw a little
girl of nine or ton years, clad in a
calico sllp and minus shoes or stock
ings. He noticed the freckled, tomboy
face and tousled hair', but made no
reply. The child eyed him closely for
a moment and then blurted out :
" You're a horse thief I"
A hot flush of shame spread over the
man's face as he shook his headI.
"Then what have you got those on
for ?" And shie pointed to the hand
culfs that fastened each wrist to the
arms of the heavy chair. The man 's
head drooped upon Lie breast. Tro
have been caught in the act, andl be
forced to Alt there and wait for the
hangman was bad enough, but to be
taunted by a talkative child seemed too
much to endure..
Trho little girl now saw she had hurt
his feelings, and realized that, no mat
ter what tne man's crime had been it
was wrong for her to mock him. She
sought to make amends by changing
the subject, and coining closer, whis
pered, as if telling a secret, " I can
The man came back to life slowly.
"lBet you cant."
"Yes, I can. I'll show you." And
she ran to get a pencil. " But I ain't.
got nogriting paper."
" That's too bad. IoIer puit youir
hand inside my vest. 'rhere's a letter
there; you can write on the back of the
" What shall I write ?" she asked,
imiss. Iteceiving no reply she hastily
lecided. " I'll write my papa's name."
Bhe leaned on the table, and after
anany motions of her head and hand,
aboredly scrawled this sentence
Sherilf of Itedstoue:
" That's justsplendid," said the man,
is she hela It up to his face. " It's as
:)lain as anything."
" Do you like secrets ?"
Believe in fairies ?" she asked.
Wishing to impress upon him that
ier contrition was complete, the child
:ame and leaned against tihe chair.
I ilke you," said the child coaxingly.
'I like your big, black eyes, and your
lice mouth, and your white teeth, and
-and-and-" Ilere she pulled his
,oatsleeve down as far as it would go,
)ut not, being satisficd with the result,
1he covered the band of glittering
tcol with a fold of her dress, and then
.ontinued : " And your strong brown
ands. Won't you please tell me a
Peosons in extreme positions are
>rone to good resolutions, and this
nan resolved to quit the world better
or at least one action, though it be so
mall a niatter as telling a story to on
ertuin a child. " Yes," he said with
mn elfort. " Listen."
lie looked at, the letter in his iana
led hand, then at the little girl as she
wined her fingers around his. Then
ke told her this story in a husky, Im
" Once there was a litt!c bow-lcggd
Id man, all gray-haired and humpback
d, asked a little girl for a drink of
eater : and she got it for him, just as
Ice as you please. And then he asked
ier if she wou~dn't like to get a pre
ent, and she said yes, if it didn't cost
,nything. And then tae little old
aan laughed and laughed and laughed.
'hen he told her who he was, that he
eas the king of the fairies, and if she
vanted to get a present she was to do
ust as he said. So lie told her how to
end a letter to the fairies. She musn't
ay a word about it to anyone, but,
avly in the morning she was to write
ter wish take three steps backward
nd three foi ward, and then go out
nd cut a hazel switch. Then she was
o find a tree that had been struck by
ightning, and if there was a horse
led there she was to go up to him
roni the right si-le and place her let
or gently, but very snug and tight,
mnder the saddle girth. After Joing
his she wa- to take the stirrups ol' I
lie saddle and hide them in the hol
ow tree. Now she must pat the horse
in the nose, and when lie put down his
icad she was to tuck his ears back,
ar back, under the headstall, so he
ouldn't hear any evil spirits calling
o him. Then she was to unbuckle
lie reins at the bit, lead the horse to
he road, and ture his head to the sun
iso, where all the fairies live. Last
if all, she must hit him right hart
vith a hiizel switch and say, 'Good
lines never laot, bad news travels last,'
bnd the horse would gallop off as fast
rs ho could to the fairies.
" So the little girl did just as the
>ow-legged old man ha'd told her, and
vhat do you think ? Why, it wasn't a
,ear afterward till she got her pre
ent, which was a great big beautiful
loll, with green eyes and red hair and
, pug nose, and it had on leather shoes
vith real laces, and a new calico dress,
vith polka dots in it as big as wal
If the child had had any doubts as
o the truth of the story, its climax
lioroughly dispelled them. Her eyes
vere wide open with astonishment for
6while ; then she closed them to let
ier imagination draw a better picture
>f the wonderful doli. Presently she
aid: "I know where there's a tree
hat's been struck by lightning."
The man seemed much surprised.
"A nd I'm going to try it," she said,
" Try what ?"
"Sending a letter to the fairies. But
ain't got no letter-. May be if I take
uour's it'll do.
Hle sought to dissuade her, but she
ook the letter from him and hid it, in
ier sleeve, ie watchedl her take
bhree steps backward, then thi-eo for
yard, and heard her call to himii frnom
lie dcor : " Do you reckon I'll re ally
ind a horse down there tied to a
But the man miade noe reply.
Several hours aftoarwar'd Sheiif
[houston, his two deputies, and the
nanacled prisoner, were standingi
he shade of a larg.e hIckory. gi
" There's no need of a trial, Squire,"
neisted one of the deputies, as hie un
wisted a coil of rope. " You caught
,he man in the act v-ourself. and he
lon't deny it, so that's all there Is to
t. Let's get through as soon as we
~an : i've got live miles to go to din.
"Let the law take its cour'se," said
,ho Sheri tf, gravely. " But b~efor-e
aarr-ying cut the law the court will
utate the facts in the case, which are
these, to wit : That, late last night, or
ver-y early this morning, this court
rad occasion to go to its barn : that it
saw a man light a match and lay hold
>f a certain horse, which hor-s' Is a
blue roan, and the special priide aind
p~roperty of this said court ,that this
aourt, dIrew its wveaponi and mappmre
hended saidl man as a hor'se thuiei : and
tinally, that this said man, apprehend
ad by this said cour't, is here identiiiedi
as the prisoner' at thme bar.
"Now, gentlemen, the pisonmer re
fuses to speak, which Is his privilege:
but the cour't asks yo~u to reoview thbe
nvidence. is an honest man afraid to
tell his name, wher'e he lives or where
lie was going ? is an honest man
ciaught, at, midnight in a stranger's
bar'n? Does an honest man r'ide nio
horse, have no dust on his shoes, and
yet wear a spur on h Is heel? The court,
'.hinks not. For the last, time, Mr.
Prisoner, the court asks your namne."
" lFor the last time the cour't asks
where you live y"
"[Have you anything to say as to
why this cour't should not, pass sentence
upon you ?"
Tihe prisoner' raised his head, and
lookIng the Sher'iif squarely In the eye,
answered : " No."
" Then the court will pronounce this
sentence : T1hat. you be hanged by th
neck until you are dead : which sen
tencO shall be carried out inunediate
"4 Willilams," con tintied the Sheril i
addressing one or his deputies, "throv
the end of the rope over that branch
that's it. Pull it all thu way over 8(
the noose will hang about live fee
frOm the ground. Just hold the noost
there while I take the end of the ropi
and step ol' how many paces till It getE
taut. I'lI make a mark here with my
foot like this. And see, I'll make
another mark over here, six stepi
farther away. Tie this end of th<
)ope in the middle of that wagon stake
with a strong knot, one that you're
sure won't slip. That'll do. Bring th
gentleman over here. Is there any
one you wish to send a message to
Shall I notify them that-that you diet
on such a date ? No? Any rcquest t(
The prisoner gazed languidly at thi
long rows of hills to the eastward
drew a deep breath of the soft sunmeit
air, and then raised his eyes to heaven
for one last look-and lowered the n
Almost overhead a buzzard was sail.
ing lazily in a circle. " Yes," be said
quietly, "cover my face with my hand.
kerchief, and bury me as soon as in
" Ali right,sir. Where is the hand
kerchief ? Inside your shirt, el i
l'retty one, too; hand embroidered,
with an initial W worked in the cen
ter. You want to be buried with il
covering your face? Very well. Now,
sir, hold your head a little to one side,
like this : so. Here, boys, stand side
by side, and hold the wagon stake
against your bodies. Grip it tight
with both hands. That's tile idea
Lie's a heavy man, and it will take a
stitong pull. Walk slow until you comt
to the first mark ; by that time tilt
rope will be taut. Then, when I firt
my revolver, step lively, but with a
steady pull, and when you reach the
second mark brace yourself and stand
still. Now, both togetier : steady,
lie stood calmly, with his revoliver
raised. Secretly lie admired the nail
courage, and wished he mlight put it
bullet through his heart and spare
himi the shlaIie of death by the 101).
lint the law-the great unwrittel Iw
which says that a horse thief shall
hang-must be carried out: for if tilt
Sherilf obey it not, who thien shouk
The mell started with an even step
and tile rope let out kink after kink
then gradually grew taut. As the.
reached the first mark the Slieri I1
fired, and the prisoner rose steadily i
tile air till the noose almost touchet
tile liimb-when an1 acident happened
At the lifth stelp one of tile mllen slippet
on a bunch of grass, and !n trying U
recover himself tripped the other onie
As they plunged sidewise they let g.
the rope and the man's body cami
back to earth. " icre, boys," tht
SheriT' cried, " we've got to do it ove
again. Qaick, now while I hol( hin
up. Start even. Steady, steady. ant
Tihe report of a rilIe startled them
Over tile crest of a hill a horsemnar
was coming. Tne reins were hanging
loose, and he was swinging his hat a:
a signal. Bofore the blue smoke ha
cleared away a number of men wer
galloping down the hill, Cheering
wildly. They came to a ragged froni
a few yards from tile trees, with theii
Winchesters at rest, when their leader
quickly dismounted, lifted tile hand
kerchief from the prisoner's face, ant
This is the man we want."
(n Christmas Day a wedding wat
celebrated at the iomie of thU post.
master of Whitlield. After suppe
the host was telling an expernience o
his new son-in-law to several of Lhb
"\ou see,"' said the postmlaster, a
lie Ii nished the tale, "' about nIln
o'clock that morning a riderless horse
without stirruns or bridle, galloped u]
to my door. Ihis ears were under th
hecadetall, and stuck thriough the girt]
was a letter written by my daughtecr t
Will Markhlam, In which shle bent hiin
a handkerchief to remem~fber her by
but told him not to call any more, be
cause shle bad made up) lher mind tha
sh~e would never, never', never marr:
anybody. On the back of the envelope
wr'itten inl pencil, were tile word:
'Squlro llouston, Shleriff of ltedstone.
Oii course tile horse wanlted somleon'
to loosen his ears, and having becoml
so wvell acquaintecd with this Iliaci
when WVili was courting, I suppose05 b
came hern because it was nearer thai
going homle. As soon1 as Ii'recogniz.e
the horse I concluded something wa
wvrong. So I gathleredl a posse0 an~d go
pver to iedstono as fast, as 1 couild
and we ( didnI't get thiere anIy too so)on.
"Nor any too late," observed Squir
llouston, whlo had performed tile wed
" I would like to bet that tibe littl
girl who sent the letter Lto the fairie
gt, her present tis morn1in lg," sai
one of the guests.
"So would I ," agreed anothler.
"Say Will,'' jokingly cal led a thIird
"trying to stueal that halir fromi tile tal
of a b)luo roan hiorse got you into a
awful scrape. It doesn't seem to hlav
mbrouight you any more luck than It di,
tile man I was telling you about, whl
went to l''resno and b)ought."
" Didn't it, though ?'' cried Lii
gr'ooml. "1It brouigiht me1 the girl
loved for a wife. Why, it was th
luckilest, thing inl tuhe world for mec."
Tw which a eyniiical deputy from lIe
" I thlough t the lutck iost Ling i Lb
world for you wats thlat bunchl of gras
I sli pped ton when we hlad you in tlh
--Th'ie vahie of tile egg crop~ of Lb
St~ate of Alissouri exceeds in amoun
tihe value oif the cereal crop of tha
Stateo0( tsolo tile mlarket.
-Treasurer A. 11. Smlithl, of Coilleto
County, (lied on the 'm.
For Infants tand Cildreni.
The Kind You Have Always Dough
O'RICLL ON AMEMIlCAN HO iFILS
The Noted Frenchman Wonders av
filo Eating Custouns om tie Aliwai
cans--The Negro loy avid tin
F-ron the New York Junrnal.
When Europeans travel they go to
hotels because they cannot carry blhi,
homes with them. They put up al
hoteis because they are obliged to pul
iup with hotels. Americans go to ho
tels because they like hotel life.
once heard a party of ten or twelvk
Americans, mnen and women, give oi
another their impressions of a l-ro
pean, tour which they had just toln
eluded. They were not, I iust say
relined Americans as I know ;o muaniy
but, no doubt, well-to-do people. WeI I
so far as I could judge, their remini-s
conces were not of the old castles and
catithedrals, the landscapes they hadl
seen, the plays they had been to, but
the hotels they had stOplitd at, the
merits of which they discussed a:- they
compared them to the hotels of A mileri
ci. I was once insido the heautiful
banqueting hall in the old ruined
lleiaelberg castle in Germany. Sem(
Americans were there at the time. A
young girl detached herself froim the
party, went against tL'. wall and Imea
ured its length with he0- feet. Whon
she returned she said: " I knew I wa.
right : it's three feet longer than tl
dining room at the Grand P'acilic hotel
in Chicago." And Chicago feet, too
What appeals to an. American ;I a
hotel is the size, the large dim!ensions
of everything--large haills, large
rooms, huge menu. Tihe America n
has bigness on the brain : tlii I thiik,
is explained by the size of the conti
nont he inhabits. It must ho admitted
that fortcoifort, case, luxury, there ik
no such a land of pienty as a good
A ierican hotel.
But the mnu Oh, that Aierican:
menu: Will there be one (lay a plucky
American hotel proprietor who will
daro bring it to a decent proportion
without running the risk of being ac.
cused of mcannessS, that most hated de
feet inl A meri-3a ? I never look at
Americans leaving the di-iing roonm
alive after going through that mneini
without t,hinking of the little negrc
boy who, being told at Sunday sebool
that it is related in the gospel that
liv' people were once fcd with lifteeni
thousand loaves and lishes, and , asked
where the miracle was, answered :
" 03 miracle was dat dey didn't bust.
I nlow linderbtalld the u10e of tile sierl
bet to be founmid in the middle of an
American menu. It was explain med t
me by a bibihop at wlhe--e side I wa
once sitting at a dinner inl Il'hiladel
phia. " Yes." he said to .c, "it coob
you and enable-i you to go oin." Tliai
bi ishoup WaS congrIatu lated by m1e (n ,ht
fact that he lived in tiies walell cook
ing had improved since the days of thit
laord's Last Supper. I could not helI
telling my bishop friend that, w hil
we took a sherbet to "cool ourselve;
and get aile to go Ol," pI'lerlaps in tIll
next street there wias some poor moth
er having nothing but, milkless breasti
to olfer to some starving babe. Hlow
I ever, let us not dwell on these frignt
ful contrasts of life.
The most, objectionable sight that I
know of, the one that has al way.
struck me as, perhaps, the most--well
I was going to say revolting-is tc
watch at hotels Americans order soup,
fish, two entrees, three kinds of roast
meat, poultry or gamile. tLhIree or foui
vegetables, two or three ;weets, jus
take a mouthful of each and send it ill
away. This very morning at my hotel
there was at my table a man who did
not look as if at home lie could ailorc
two tqlare ileals a day. lie orderet
for breakfast oatmeal, bacon and two
eggs, lamb stew, steak, lpotaitoes am11
bunckw heat cakes. lIe ate one . egg
m 1es( ed the tish and the batcon witLii hi
hwIk. had onel bite ILt the steak: in fact
(lid not ue one0-Lw entie(thI of Lib
quantity of food he had asked.
maintain, without any fear- of beOinl
contradicted, thatt thiere is enouogl
feod, good food, wastedl in the hlotel
of every American city to feed, an
amply feed, all the pIoor people wh<
dwell in it.
In the hotels oif the small towns Lhb
men~iu is nbot printed, and the waiti-es:
recites it to you in one long wor-d o
forty or lifty syllablcs. As she gen
orally turns her hack to you during
the recital,- you don't, catch (one won(
of it. and you say : "' h-ing me th(
lot."' She brinlgs it (on a big tray ani
Iplaces, orI r-ather- deals, Ii fteen orI mlort
little oIvaitli ilhs around111 your pl~ate
When that deail was done to mel foi
the Iirist Lim ilOIicOl remeber 0 e. eliimod
' llell, what's LIrumpll .'" Hut thai
waitr-ess was (lot, Lto be tri lled withb aniii
t I will nieveir try it algain.
And how I doI adirel~t that lig mus
tached, mlagii hcent potenutate (of 1
head waiter who iles ill wait, for- you ia
the enltrancIe d(oor. low lhe strikes mll
with awe as lie ordersr lelto myi seatici
I have spent LIhreec years (of myl life l
Ameiia. I never Once saw an Amoei
can s(o daring as nolt Lto accept, thai
seat. The11 head waiter- is so thoroug(h
ly p~ersualded that it, would never elite
my head not to follow him ilhallt hi
Inever looks r-ound Lo see if I am1 thier
close behind him. Why, lie kn(OWs
am there. uit I aml niot. I somimeLII
get a little innouenit, amuilsement (Jut, (
him. I let him11 go to tne end (of ti
room. WVhen 11e stops, imoves ai chalir
jand realized that, I have takeni ia sea
Onl lmy ownI book anrd iecspnislibility, hi
face is aL study.- ie comlen back to m
and11( orders mo off. TJ.hen I sIle 11 mf
says : "' No, L1hankI. I dloI't .vant,
constitutIonal wilk just now : doni
a troubhle abioult mle, I am11 all r-ighit here.
lIe looks at, lme wvllI amnd goes away
absolutely iuntiielied I am11 IL eranIk. (Inc
in St. L ou i , at Li: e 'IantLers' ho CtelI
when I ari-ived near the dining roomII
3 LIhe hleadl waiter came to me1 and said
''"NM r. O'I-3ll, where wold~ you like i
tsit, ?" I stood aghast. "' -:xeuse mec.
I said, "' let lml have Limeii to Lake i
a and realize it,. D~o you me-an LtI tel
that, ina this hotel I am goinig Lto cluos
liy seat.? "-''Ce rtiinly," h'le irep!
I pointed Lo ai table neat- the wi ndov
and lhe took me there. When I lef
thle dininlg room1 1 mlet somre ne'vspapec
men~f hn thle haill and I told them mll
newv experiemnce. The1 next, (liy thi
paipers du Lly reported thIe ineiident,, wit]
ai(0 dlicious heading, "' .\lax .'it s Wh len'
The Amerlricani i-s the pInc o10(f goot
fellows. lie possesses in a1 suIpremui
dmei-e that divin 111 onur ig orae n
hii or. Lie fools that If he loses hi s
temper he looks ridiculous. li is an
angel of patience, and he submits like
a lamby to tihe little tyrannies of atll
tle petty autocrat* of America, iail
way coullictolrs, licati waiters, etc.
I once heard an lngl'shman In tho
hali of an American hotel grumble
and swear at everything. "1 Where is
the proprietor le ej aculatcd. The
, oprietor' wa s behn111 thle countor,
,Imoking his higar ad qiuietly enjoy
Are vou the bos of this show
shouted the EIigl ishmnan, who thought
he had a good conmnatn of the Amenri
can lang uaie. *i
Well, repliaet the proprietor,
withmu'. taking his cigar from his
Itoith. " I thought I was till you
Phe \me r ic:L n did teore over that,
longliaiman. MIA~x ()'Ii.i~.
I" ii C l-IANIlt8s OI i NA I."
Ali Ailiallio lJoSS o' Kij't in the Strug
glo of the Sitiies.
The -'re:derickshurg ( V.) i'ree Iance
give a tmost int'resting suinmary of
the lo:sises in hattie du ri ing Lbe war he
tweein tle l'deral and Confederate
aiiL itd especially in th1e four
great hatttles w1hi1h ocCureTd in the
County of Spottsylvaniat, of which lt'red
erlekshurg is the County seat. 'Ile ar
tie-le is as follows :
The Washington, 1). C., 'ost Al
mainae gives the entire losses of the
war IStil-', as over 0sou,oo. It also
says that there were three million and
twelve thousand men enlisted in the
lnioi armies, and six hundredt and
ninety thousand in tie Confederate
armies. It further gives the loses
on the Spottsyivania hattlelieds as fol
.\ I V-redeIcri 1,k shIurit%
i 'nii I0- -.... .... ..........
I -........... ..........
Ai I harwellr- ille
l'i n -........... .. ......... ...1. ;
4 ...ed e r e...... .. .. .... . ::
Ii n o..s ............ .........o;.,:;
A iton Iede r e Co: tI...........i'e we me
lve r ..... .......... ' . .. .. .. -.. :
vt.\ S i i\ a ettha 'ori s li..u l i 'O e
in Liiene four .. ..e.. htte were ...,..'_'..v;
'on f d era - o .................... ., o
lt? a l . . .. .... . .. . . .. . . . . . .. .U .
Inl Spottsylvania the Iotal losses il
thoes inhts rwre .
ThPlost, reckons- that there were.
OVierate hnn tl driin arieat hattle ion that
war. And the ilosse, in th id-' county
in tliese four great hattles waere, nearly
Soie-sixth of the entire Theses of'
Wldernes s e V greter lights were
greater thanl if) anly other hattle of tWhe
loaser. if the studunt, ill tlitary tfairs
wiskher to laethe o war wel hr
else can it ate faith fuly daugat. for
accordini. the l'ocr, lhe hses of the
Wildenless wee grlteater even W, tile
losses at Gettysburg in thitgreat, thre
days' ligaht. \irginia has been clilled
" The eelandeis of the War :" and wel
tlte old Stat'e atay be so d si g 1 gated, for
Of the S00,000 o moe dOSSes durieing tihe
watlr, eer '.'90,000 occure ti \il Virginia.
Tle losses ivn Spottsylvania were over
I 25.00 or ore than the Co bi ned loss
es ait, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Chat
tanooga and Shiloh, each of which, by
net of Cell ,hayts bueel recte d into
al nattional gavrk. P the eigitv-two ia
tional caetries of the Wniteid Seates
the onle here aot i'rederi(Ieehurg is the
fourth inl size, being Sinalierf only thanl
those lyt Nashville, Tenan : \'ikshuirg
and Aritnde T dead burie in the
I rederickshuree Cleteries are from
athe sottsyelvaniavlicds alIone.SThoe
onteelothrfl emtrhsae loe ofany
whol frf yieaso ~ewaad
The emeater a~t tGetgbrea contman
gns :ahi gtrs aThesoe were t
gres battles in whie Wheydere and
-ticly onte tea I \layI :,', a'L,~
hernd onde aMay 18,i ic0 hand itcbi lotlses
>to (f our't. thes credhtin of thel
i:isare nll lupoe goihve toe 7iii.Iavor
oe-leiventh~ d of all pheintssa ifl t'he
PR wholtifou ea'erstn of the war alldein
oft'he gra~t g the gr~ ea' comman,
'aait. c ah itheru, adihpseawre te
rentest t s jin awhich ter wee pslo
-Stn arn, the graloft paine, waiii'- the
neo of aih st.or whichi thofend.e
tldi ofg othes. but, the crdi ofr witch
theust'tilye given theox him. laiong
accepied a11 (omisi n fromti anotabre
pitr reprhei' en t ~tingt" hiei Cildr~ ten
vance, and, i alisuLt 211 diapearh' e't
-rhavy asjoyu tie, veiy patrn haintg
i as foeeln ha plensureeip welnh'
return I tok pIe a daoinfo to eenorpas.
n o omuchee nA bee 1,ouei Stc een
mpl pa I\inte it a recigtired al oe r."
W hatI o i s iii'?"ini kti hslealtoni 'hed
n.pe ira e mterwhchat li Thau," frpuied
the' Israe~li'LR :"11 laite exs jiielot n.t
T e whrc tiv e."was th le al'nwer.
"i Whrett al~vr th( l Ii ptian': "i iThey-n
lie undrper" firis ..H-I i ~
--attThre who aecit woman whoe pasor re-Kil
fo amen, a t erey heath 'iir
repyit tos "Ir feetla veryg. welltbu LI
alwayst feelr(115 11 blien ti fee well, ho
daue il knowt i am goeii n t fee wore
I'l)(M'l'S 0P' A.(10NTURtY.
The Woitter'l Uhian in the Con.
liti on of the I0l'oure Classes it the
Tihe followingv article i., taken from
Mchlastcr's llistory or the i:nited
There can he no doubt of a wondor
ful amielloration having taken plaec
sinco the beginning of the last century
In the condition of the poor. Their
houses wero meaner, their food was
coarser, their clothing wats of cotimon
or stuff, theIr wages wore, despite the
deprecittion ,hat has goine oil inl the
Valiu) of moiney, lower by one-halfI than
Ai man who performiicl what would
now he called unskilled labor, w ho
sawed wool. wVlto dtg ditches, who
Itentded riotd:., who mixelI iortar, who
ctirried board to the entroenteri and
brieks to the inatuon Or heliped to cut
hay it tiCl harve.t tite. uisually re
ceivedt as tlhe fruit of his daily toil two
llillings (ahot Wu eente.) Sometimtles
whei th.-e labtorers, wore few It: was
paid nore, and beCitne the envy of his
fellows if at the enId of a wee I le took
to his fatily I:, s hilling s, It Stun nOW
greatl exceeded by $I.
inl sueh a pittnctee it w as Only h)y tihe
strictest econoimy that a meehainie leplt
i Is childr:'n frthom star valtiotn and him
self from jail.
In the low and dingy rooms which he
called his btotite were wanLing imany
articles oI adollmeli, amlid of use now
to he found in the dwellings of tit
poore't of his class. Sand sprilkled
on the iloot did douty as a carpet
There was nto tulans oil h is table, ther.
was 11 china ill hi ciuphoard, there
were'u It( prinlts oll bis wall. \Vhat, it
StoVe wits Ie did nit, kIow, coal bte
lad never seel, lmalches ite had neve i
O ver a lire of fragmuelts of boxes and
barrels, whi hie lit, fromtt the spark"
struck from a lint or wiLliteb live coab
brought from a neighbor's leairth, lis
wife coitked iul) a rude mtieal, and served
it in Ip.ew Lt' dishtes. lie rae13' tistad
fresi itcat a Often as otice in a week.
antd Iid fr it at Ii iich higher price
tIhain hi posterity.
I':verything, indeed, which ranked
as a staple f life wats very Costly.
Corit stiold at thrce ,hlillinlts tiahout IO
cenLt) the hushi, whcattt at oight, and
Sh -i 0itn (:1t u.I .l .'u l1an a1 si,-.e of
btieadl wast fIttiip:uiT it a tliotidt of saltL
pork wa., tenlIWneC.
nimy otilt'r emtll ilii. ; now to bek
-ee1 ot th' tabtle, (if the p)oo' weire
eitlher (iuite' unknownM1 01r far h1"yond
tite rearnI Of hli:; sc nty eanls. I'nen~l
vialile i; ti lot. of that ian who etnn
not, in the lh iht, of tihe seasoni, wlent
the VItharVyes andil(! ma'ket- are haCIelIed
with ha.skets and crates of t'riit. spa't
:. cents for a pottitit of g rai'. or . cet:
for an inanly 1weauthet. Or when Snda
cOits rOultndl intlh'lge Ii:, fautnily vitil
dired yearsi- agl) the wretched ot-rp
was, thet only kiind that found it., way
to mrket. and was tl.he hixury of Ltt
rieb. A itong tibe fruits atil vegetahle:
of witich no on; had Lien even heart
atC can teluIIeS, imanlly varii 'tii's 0i
peacles and peart.s, tomiatoes and ihIi
harb, sIweet corn, the cauilillower, th<
egg-pilanut, head lettiit" and okra.
If the iwood of ito artisani woli id to,
ho thouglit uotrse, hit h clotles woul
he thought abominable.
A patir of yellow huckskin ()r leatheni
breecelis, a clecked shirt. a red tlaiunet
jacket, a 'ustLy felt hat, cocked up1 aL
Ole ,orners, liho Os it neat's skin sel oi
with huge bulleis of briass and1
leathbe.n apron comlpris-ed hli, sCatt)
wardrobl. Th iletber' he sitearct
With le'CAsC Lt keeJ it, soft, and lexi
His son.s followedl in hiis footstte, oi
werie appren'Cutices Lo nteighi hit' ing tr'adie
men . II is tdaughItet' wt'it ot, to ter
vice. Shte terftutimed, inmdieed , all thi
dIuties at prteset exacitetd hrini womte
of hieur class, butt with thtet werie coupIi
ed many otheris trtndered tusieles- by3 tii
gY reat, imprttovementt tbat, has sintce tak e
phlace ini the ctonvenieces oif life. Sht
imindedt thbe clothtes, shte didl op Lth
ruoTs, shte rain ion erratnds front one 6'n
of thbe town ti the othert, slit' milke
te cows, miadte the butter. watlkIed Le
hiocks for' a pail of water', spulla tx ft
the famtily linen, and whitn the y'ea
was up) received .Ell (tabout $10) fotr lie
I it thero Is )oe otheri change wh ic
h as, It, uitst ho a~dmi tted.,. dono (a
mtore to Iincreaise tIhe coimforts of th<
1)oo)rest class Liibani 1 h ei'~ food, hiighbet
wages, hinter colit~es. Mlen aro nm
Nit cr'im ino twn ii1o the law btrotugh
sio many i3'L Lt i ~h jils anditt iisons its th<i
eirimetit of debtt ndi.h class monst likeI)
Lto get into dti wa, thte inist defense
less ati depenent1, the gireat, hodly o
sevaints, iot arutian andi 11( of labtoroers
those, ini short, whit idettded oin thbeil
I )it i hundried ytiars ago the laboret
wo lfi el ftitin ai relfo'.d or liay sick of
ftever wa .i -ur c o bte seil/.ed by th
lheiff thi liatlnenit lie recoverooi i
het tairiid tt jil foir thbe hill of a foi
dlollar - whtiei hail run up) during hi
illneto at Ib uttck st~r's or Lthe ta~verr
' The cut Lirie systemii of ptun ishminit wa
sith aiis car. not, b) con teminpla 1ted witl:
outt muingleid feelings of pity and1( dht
gust,. ()lfenuses to w hi ch a morer inrre
fuh goeneration ihas attachedi no Ilhihe
penalty than liprisonment andi lin
stood uipon the statutLe hooks as'cai ta
crimerts. Modes of pu n a iiment lon
since idriven frtom the pr'i.sons with exc
crations as w or'Lthy of 'Li A\ Iirican kriatt
were lookced ito btttiy .'oiety wih Lb
prVfoun mdliillerncehf. Thecju iryad-mi
stocks werie ntiver emtirty. FTe -'hear's
the btraniditg-rtotom andi the blt went
never ih ie for ia liay.
Ltre iCoopitteti til it thte tills even iof thi
hitndre dit eposItitors werein0 lii Ine Li
witihiraw thiri mnonecy, three btarrels 0
ilver' dll ars were tunlotadedL in fion
oft the li biling andl car'rieidI hi y Liii
batsktLful. Thelu sight of . ih,00t btei ng
idumpedIth ito trlhe aitk in LthIs whole
stalt imianner hatd a ireassuin g (Ilett
andthe rut:tn eetied
---'l Tere aire So,(J00 chiihIireni ireplorLte
. 5s a~ttndinrigitoot it (20101
C 1-OICE Vegetables
vill aiways find a ready
niuaket-but only that farmer
C.anl raise thlm who has studied
the great secrt 1)W to ob
tain1 both q(Iuality and qulantity
I))' udlelOlls us(c of well
Iauice1 d fCeIrtilizers. No fe-rtil
i/r fr 'e V geta b les Canl produ It ice
aI lar yield unlesS it, -()lntains
aif least 8"', otash. Send for
(uIllr Io)ks, which furnish full
information. We send them
Sl. \N N:\ I. \VOR KS,
Oil aCCOun1 oi damllage to
tlhe stock in our Greenville
stoiC, Calused by water thrown
on 11h lire ill the hall over
the slore, on Monday night
of l1st week, we have been
ol) bhuy to write a new ad.,
hut \vill Oi V say to you now,
mok out lor the bar-gains we
will-oe: as soon as the in
Nurall#Ce ad justers haive Conl
Comlpleted their work.
YourS I'm businless,
R. L. R. Bentz,
1'~b- in l ~ n Pri4ce
M'anager ilasley B ranch.
I . v o o nbtdzn of men
I in fot Wl aspKalpicgi
On i~:i I tolpscomb ;l& Rusll'.
The plan of SIrtaryU RIiot re
dressedl by1( ll hi t the ard cage
in ar s as folows : "cn theenra
plnO und. MconSretiofh
wa department, ohf orary collg ro-l
be~Ph~ exp proected ar consl gan arer
se upon varo qusinsafctiong d
thesweldr and icienyt o the dcarged
itcldCing nztiopln, hethd lettd
miunist udtcndration, afamntequpet
trnsporttion, thple, m obllezaion,
uonerio di~stulon, mltary
prlepara'ltion1, plans of campaign and
such other professional matters as may
he efierned to it"