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\OL io.---No. -l. ICKENS S. C., THURSDAY, AUG;USTI 2, 19. ONE DOLLAR A YEAR
JAMES A. HOYT.
INTFRISTING STORY OF J
WE'I,, SPENT ,IFE.
SOI C.I)tI1, (II I'/41N, CII I1lN1'tIAN
Tile War iecorl ol a Holk1ier- 1Th
Political Licord V ia laat'-bIinle
anil Mineetre Patr-aio- T1i1o 511it't
analt iceligiouiN Rgecort of' a (?tm'iN
tian Gent.it-nao -The Dians Wi11
Ilepretents i, lo 'rinciple ofl tht
P1roIihilatinlbit ol' Somulia (Jarolinla
Writteni for The Yorkville lkminirer.
James Alfred lloyt wts born Octobe
11th, 1837, inl Waiyesboro, Virginia
Him fatier, J. l'rkints lloyt, was a na
tive of New Iitit ilislire atnd4 a jeweler b
trade, wito lail com outti for hi:
health, atd locatilng inl Way ntelisbOrt, m11C
an(i maltirriea M isis .ltite . lt1h4n0on, I laI
of the Virginoia faui ily of that nl
Colonel .1. 1. klOUyt, wts I highly cut11
tlleil ilant, lad flot a titie was (d1itaOr 01
the Lautrentvillte Hleraihl, lnd of Lilt
Anderson Intelligencer during tie aba
rence of his sotn it tihe atrmt~y.
Froin Virginia, the Iloyt family tito ve
to Clarksville, (leorgia, where the)
lived for a few yeats and tience went it
Laurens, H. C , wlere yountg Itoyt grewN
to maniiood. rth: exigencies of lift
(omIlledi tttL. seeHI su)Iort for Iiti
self, and whena only 14 years 44.1 he en
tered the oflice of the Latrensville
Herald as8 tin ip)IrielItice, and fromn tha
time has been engaged a n1 saewspape:
work, witih the exception of his tatrmty
service. Whetn Ite wtia 18 years old it
went to Anderson and became foremtau
of the Anderson Gazette. In less that
a year he was editor of that palier. H(
conti aied Us editor and part proprietol
until August, 186u, wen ie begatn tit(
publication of tite Antderson Inltetli
gencer, wlich has ever since been ot
of the leading weekly 'papers of tnL
State, except for a -teilorary suspen
sion while its editor-Jlants. A. loyl
and W. W. llumphareys.- w.Cre in the
In 1800, Hoyt was a leand * g spirit in
the organization of a Imil.tia copilpant.y
in Anderson,' kpo.W it s the "I 'a itmitt
Ritlenwx", and 'wlien'the comipanty vol
unteed thei next fear,'he wits its orderly
sergeant. The 'almetto iitleen baiter
tcred the 8tate's service April .1, 1861,
itn the Fourth Souith'Carolinia regiment,
under Cotionel JT. It. 1.1. Sloian, anad is
about, six weeks wais mustered into tlt
Confederate service. The regiment wa
at the front early and participated inl tLI
first battle at Matnassas Hoyt was witih
the regimnent in its .memrable and lie
roic defenise of the Stoie Bridge, and
subsequently was i'n all the principal
battles of tLI Army of Northern Vir
gilia, except Chanicellorsville and (ret
tysburg, in which his command was not
At the reorganization inl 1862, tly
company becace a part of the Palmnetts
Sharpslhooters under the gallant Jenik
ins, atid after General Jenkin's prono
tion, the commander was Colonel .1 osepl
Walker, of Spartanburg. During tei
second year of this service, lloyt was
"promoted to t licutentaicy for gallant
and meritorious conduct on the ield,
and afterwards served as adjutant ofI his
regiment Ile was slightly wounded at
Williamsburg, and more seriously al
Frazier's Farm. During tisig time li
also contracted a severe case of siall
pox and came very near dying. Itn 1861,
while returning from a sick firlough to
tihe army, lie was placed in contund of
ilt extemporized expe.dlition of wotidited
and convalescent soldiers sent out from
Danville to check Wilsol's. Federal cav
airy at Stautinton river bridge, whi4h wa
an important, point in Lee's linte of com-ti
munication witlt his batse of supplies al
Danville. The tight was a desperatt
one in whticha hoyt shtared the responasi.
bliity of commltanda witht Captain titidd ie<
and C.olonel Coleatn. AlIthIougha that
Feiderails htad a vastly superior forice
the sald tand unlorganaized hanid of Cona
federates defenlded the bridige unltilI Gen
oral W. II. 1". Lee's caivalry camne upj.
E.arly itt the tighat, IIloyt was badt'
wounded and disabled ;butt hte refuser
to leaive thec scene of act iont and a remuaini
ed in1 commnditt of hais detactimenit unati
the end1(. Hiis caoitness undt aer tire wn:a
exhibited by the faict ttat tafter he war
disabled, itn pain altnd leeSidinatg, lie cahnil
ly smaoked his pipe, which he no0w te
tinsl as a imemenitto of the daiy, hiavinj
lonig since giveni up the habiit of smoa k
(Colontel liloyt's wound i was ini Ihis efi
leg, the salal bone1 beitng so btadily shmat
tered that it, wais resectedl, three inchie:
beinig takeni out. F"romn this wound It
still suIfors ahanost constattly, atnd hii
contirol of the left, foot, beiing imperfect
lhe niow uses a crutch.
Whlen the suirrendaer' catte, IIloyt, wit
in Aindersoan recuperatintg, antd like se
manity soridiers ina his sitiuatioun sit Lha
timne, 110 wasU prolfered t numerous inig.
negro garrisona which wtas sent Li) Ans
As soon tas Ite wvas able Lto work, h
resurrected 'Tile inttelligenicer iad biegin
the tmote peaicefutl duties of life whert
they had been interrtas1edt. it .Janaryitt
I1860, lie was mnarried La) Miss Itleece (
WVebb, diaughiter aof 1Elijala Webib, wI
'was one oif thle miost promiiietit citizenm
and politicitans of Andersonis Conty
Colonel anad Mrs. IHoyt, have rout clil
Thme tett years followinig thme was
foundi Editor lioyt still tightintg fc
what lie eonceived tao be the best iti
ests of the State, andi( he was very aictiv
ini thae Itecontrutctioir :erai. lie rant fo
tile Staite Senate ini }&79 as a vicairioui
saicritice and was dofet~ta b~X 200) vote:
lie was a memaber of1, te coplventib
that anintated Cp~rpentusr -and' Butler
bitt spoke against (Carpeinter's tnomtims
tin, btelievinig it unwise. Ina 1871 an
1871 lie was a rhemtbe'r of the Taxpa'
e' conventioins frotm Anderson, anda I
1811 lie was a tmenter 'of the exectiv
cotmmiittee of the conivenltion anda was
delegate fraom tlihatebody to, Washainigtos
anid .assistedh in jlie preparation of LI
famnotus miemtotiail to gongress..
Inm 18.8 hie Stitumpled hais countty fa
Beymnour and liir ; in 1873 te suipporte
UGreeley, ati, itt faict, htas al ways suj
ported thie Deamocrattic Licket, in tnatiott
as well as St~ate conitest~s. Ini 1874, 11
carried his con ty for (iteena, i m oppor
tion to Chamatberlinm. lie was vehtetme
ini his criticismn of Chambilerlaint's cours<
atnd an coun tty chtal iman of the A atdo
sont Denocracy, was active in organiizir
tor the battle of 1876. itn whtich ha d
and eiijoyed the conildence, of that
L leader tifroighout, his catpaigis antid
adnirIII ,inttoII. 1ia bold stand at this
time caused him to be heartily hated by
the ltadicals, who frequently threatened
his life; bilt without cIfeet upoi his
Course. Hlln service up)on1 Lhe State ex
cetitive Committee was equally vigilant
antid active. iHe was assistant sergeant
at-Iris of the Walaee House, and was
Wit~h duddre IIaskell1 Whenk he0 discovered
the means of enterilgL the State capitol.
in the early part of 1877, Colonel i1 oyt
became editor of the Coimbia Rueyter,
wlich was the chapinion of the unterri
lied I)em Ocracy while it was under his
Control. A ftertwo years in this worik, he
left The legitter and purehased The
Working Christian, which lie transformt
ed into The Baptist Courier and removed
to C reenville. The itpaper was enlarged
anid imiproved, and under his manage
ilment as chief editor antid proprietor, it
L iecam one of the leading denomin ai -
tional papers inl t lie Bouthi. 'lis coiiec
tioni with ''he( Baptist Courier made him
Icuiinttied throughout the State, and as
lIe hits the excepttionl fatulty of reiemii
herii ng nmes antid faces, he enjoys a re
mutark ably wide range of friendshi ps.
During his editorship of 'hle Haptist
Couiier. le cott inuned to take an interest,
in politics, antd utItil 180 hie represeted
G'reenville County in the State I)eio
ratic executive committee, anid in that
year was electetd its chaliram, as one
wllo was not an extreiist, on either side
Of the factional fight then brewing, and
wilo had the colidence of both factions.
As ehtirman he refused to rule out tihe
itntii ees of the famous MI arch coniveni
tion, though lie did not approve the
Methods ised to inaugurate reforms in
the Sttate government,. While opposing
itose Methods, lie deprecated strife and
bitterness and was one of the first to
appeal for the obliteration of factional
In 185, Coonel hloyt was tunanimous
ly elected pre ident of the Baptist State
Convention and was re-elected for nine
successive ternms, when he deelinued to
serve longer. For over twenty years lie
wats a trustee of Furman University,
and was at onle time vice president of
Lbe Southern 0aptist, Convention. For
the last several y(;ar-s he has been a vice
president of the American Baptist i'du
cAtkinal society,' and hau delivered an
address hefore that iody and also before
the American Baptist Publication sto
In .1 lne, 1-891, he sold his interest in
The Baptist Cuouriir and contei plated a
linal retirement from the newspaper
business. For a time le was hi nancial
agent Of Furman I'niversity ; but the
habits and associations 'of a lifetime
were to strong. and in .1 anunary, 12,
lie assumed control of the Greenville
IButerprise and Mountaineer as editor
and propriettor. The name of the paper
was chauged to its original form, The
Mountaineer, and Colonel Iloyt lits
since Colti nued as its editlor and )ropri
etor until the opening of the preseit
camnpaigi, when he relinquished his edi
torial duties to devote his tine to the
laving been so long active and proili
neat in State politics, it is natural that
Colonel Hoyt should have been often
solicited to become a catndidato for Gov
ernor : but lie has always steadfastly de
clilned until this year, when the demand
upon him wias stucli that lie could not
refuse. Ilavinig always been an out
spoken advocate of prohilbitioni agiust
every othber method of controlling the
litiur trallic, and having repeatedly
favored makinig the fight for that priii.
ciple in this State, lie felt that lie could
not decline the iominiatioii Wihicl was
given him by the Prohibition Democrat4:
in May, and accordingly lie accepted the
responsibility and hits taken the stunmp'
as the can didate for (ItOvernor. Besides
his advocacy of prohibition, le possesses
other elements otf strength in his ac
kntowledged ability, hiis respected hiigh
chairacter, hiis long e x perience and ser
vice in public life w ithuoti rewardt, hiis
success~5 ini buiniess andit hiis repu tat iin as
a imani anti a (Christutat.
As a Il'rohibitinist, Colonech litoyt is
strictly co nsistenitt. lIe has never used
whIiiskey himusel f notr has lie ever perii.
I trdl the use oif wine oir litgnors tof any
- kintl ini hiis litome, lie was a mtenmber of
I a teimp ernimce so ciety w heni a youth , and
litter jtoined the Gootd Tleimplars. whotse
Sprnipl~es lie has al ways exemplified in
- his tdai ly li fe. As an employer, (Colot nch
- hloyt has mtadie it a rule not, tto allow any
onie whoiu din ks to remiain it hl iis p ay
-ioll, antI iiy thins iniglinig irmniess wit~h
kimntdness he lhas hldped many a mian to
give up the habit.
(Colonzel lloyt is it Alatsoni of high tde
4 ree, auid hefor ie lie hiatd been ten years
-a member of t.hat, oirder, lie was chtoseni
j (Griand Mlaster o f the Anucient, lereemta
,soins in Sthl aril inami, succeeti ing (Geni
eral J1. 11 Kercshaw in that oflice in 1X'l. .
sle hits also held mtembershipils in the
( Grange anti the (O)ho l'ellows, ile wits
prom inentL in torganiin ig thne South
-.Carolinua State l're-ss Association ini
I 8'75, oif whiich lie wais electeud presidient,,
-anti lie is now on the e xecutive conunimit,
tee of thitt bodly.
Am''Ilriu A ItiNilD A\Ni SliCaN'TV
\ CA Ius.-- A movemlleit is on fottu t~o1ako
,up thie remtai ns tof Cul. J amos Wiiliants
-antI bury them ton f KIn Vs NI ountaini
b attle ground. Cohi. Williamsu com-t
5atantded the Sou th Carol ia forces at
-thebo attle (If lK ing's Mtountain. lie
was mortally wounded and diledI a short
Li mo after the htattlec. H is mitn bur ied
r him io(n the road, abou t three miiles
r from the plresent muonuinent. The
-grave is oni a plianttationi no(w (owned by
e Capt. John1 i S. Mintz. It, has long beeni
r neglectedl. ln a comm unleattion to the
5 lduitlrer, a prom inent citizen seutds a
t. dotliar. ant( daggests tho opin Itg oif a
ft -uub'se'iptibn for the purpos ~ot3if tiIgging
iup the ,bonos of C~ol. Williamns and
a- bufrrying thoem undeir the shmadow'o
td the King'sMountailn montujnent. It Is
-also sug-gested In' the co'umunleattion
a that all arrangents b1o imade by thte
e 'ith day of October next, thie lib an
at nlvcersary of the battle, and thiat this
4, date ho made the occaslon for proper
e coretmonies In connection with the un
dortaking. The. Idea has tak-en well.
ur So far there have -benn a numbher ofi
d, subscriptdons and thore- Is reason to he
-'lofve thet the necessary funds will be
il forthcomIng wIthout, the least difliul
C 1,y. .Lt h:as. asiso. hoon suggested that
i- the King's Mountutlo Chapteor of the
it D). A. li. take ehargo of the alarii
L, This suggestIon also mcots wIth favom
r- and the ohapter 'wIll .hold a meetin~
g for the purp'l)(sQ of givIng the mattomg
id ,iua onnern.atln.
T1111JMAN ANI) TilE RitEIcaU(i,;gt.
Tho Senator Iteloratos H is Ihargo
of an Unuholy Allianee.
Dr. John 0. Willson, editor of the
Southern Christimn Advocate, wrote
to Senator Tilluan and asked him if
he was correctly quoLud as saying at
.iennettsville that, " the preachers and
tho bar-koopors are In an unholy al
lilnco led by Hloyt to destroy the dis
pensary." The Henat,0r's reply Is as
follows as published in tihe Southern
Christian Advocato :
itv. .1. 0. Willson, Columbia, S.C.
I)oar Sir : - I have your lottor of iuly
22, asking if lly speecl at 1ionnett
ville was correctly reported.
I do not recollout the exact words
Usedl at Bionnet0tsvilI, but they are in
effuet true as Iuoteor ; and ilasmillucl as
tb DiLstrict Conferenco of the MthO
di1st church, under th leadership of
lishop I)uncan, has taken tLie matter
up, and tihe I lishop is reported to have
"4 nalled " my utterance "as a lio" while
the report of the comm itt oen tempo11 r3-111)01
anco " dnouncend any insinuation that
tibo elfort of tite Ch ristliin miiistol 5 and
other citizon to r id tibe Stato of this
gigantic evil is at sought or voluntary
combination with tihe saloon olument
as a base slandur, that is itself an at
ttompt to strengthen ,biu power of this
most damnnaniv iniquity," I will take
tbo occasion olfored by your inquiry to
make an ailnnounm(elt ovr lily own
signaturo of what, I said tl( mount at
Of course the re.port er gave only tihe
I have no (utarreI with tlhe uinisters
of any churbc or denomin ation and
have no purpose to give ( Olonso Lo any
of them. I have always borno testl
mOny to the high characteir and purity
of purpose characterizing the ministry,
but I holieve they aire wrong in lighting
the diispensary law as they do, and I
cbll ti-o right to say so, acknowledg
ing at tihe saie ti Me their right to
freedom of speeh an( freedom of )oli
tical action o1 this and every othber
I mentioned the attitude of the min
liters incidentally as an illustration of
thbe anoimalous political situation. The
ministern attack the dispeneary because
it (o3s lot go far enough, and tibe high
license people and tho blind tigers
whom 1 designated ts the " old bar
k eepere," attack the dis8,Cnuary because
it goes too far. They are thus found
lighting side by side in the campaign.
There is only one candidato in the
field for governor opposed to the dis
pensary, and that I Col. 13oyt, and all
tihese elements are allied in Is sup
port, and the proof is that Ciarleston
in the last gubernatorial election voted
for Mr. Iotherstone and prohibition,
when It is notorious that the whiskey
element of that city it; predominant
and that the dispensary law is not en
forced mainly by reason of the lax
morals of the grand jurors who have
failed to discharge tneir duty under
Colonel Hoyt, last winter in his paper,
The Mountaineer, urged coalition be
tween the high license peopl and the
prohibitionists in the General Assem
bly in order to repeal the dispensary
law. Colonel Iloyt seeks the gover
nor's ollice and of course wants votes.
I am opposed to his election solely oin
those grounds and called attention to
the elements supporting him. There
may be no open1 ", alliance "and techni
cally I may have been in error lit as
serting it, but I think it permissible to
declare all the supporters of any one
candidate " allies," and if tile Metho
d ist ministers who accused mn1 of "slan
der '" will show that they do not intend
to work to the same and as the bar
keepers for the overthirow of tho dis
pensary, I will then conbiu' the pirO
lriety oftil an apology. Ui ntil such lpirf
is givein me1 1 shall stand by my guns.
I f a Methodist ishop3 chlooses Lt) call
mue a liar aind the churchb temaperance
commilittee feels constrainedi to de
nounecu my 4op)inionl of existing 0(on(d1
tLions as "' slander '' the 1CeoplO (If South
Cai-olina will ju~dge botween ius. If
they can stanil it, I can.
I long ago learned "'i Iv ii is wroughItt
from want (If thoughlt as well as want,
Whlen) good)( mlon find1( thtemselvyes In
bad companJlUy they uisual ly pause to
conIsidler htow they got, thbore, and
w hetlthi rthbey are not In fait, to some1
the edlitor o~f T1he State, who Is the
spokesmant~i of tuhe lieense ollment,, has
announcI ned ithis pos~itionl ceai-ly and
open1ly . Te dii ial by the preachlers
Lthat Lti0b0t combinatioin is " SOught, I" ' cuits
nto higire. ItL exists, and1( that, is all I
asserttCd, and( Lto my mindm it Is "uinhtoly"'
and(1ii tunt, ma11ke every goodt mlant fool
If the d isulensary Is overthrown
every practIcal man11 k nows that saloonts
will lbe ustablisedt In less than live
years. I wouthIl deploro such a resul t,
as a great, 14)5 to society anti I know
piatny preachers aie of the same opin
ion. I yet, shall hope LI) see all good
men01 (f ll classes un11itecd to make te
dIls~ensary the success it can beocoime.
I bol luve proh ibitLion is a Trojan horse
b~y which tihe saloons want, to ag~,ainl
enter our State. The whIskey men01
believe the same thing.
I am against, the saloons and ail (If
their frIends, whether they lie goo.l
men wilo are bIlind fanatics or schtem
i ng pioliticlans.
' Trtmtfon, S-. C., July 23, 11900,
'ld i toriallIy The( Ad vocate siays :'"It
ne4gd 5 not, muany wordsa to ch aracterize
tils matt'er.' Senator Tillman's letter
does not, mnotdify hits chatrge. Indeed lhe
ex pilins it, and actually argutes to sua
tain) his' balseiess statement,-and 54)
add! s to the insul11t. WIheronupon it is
4our1 dutly to) say that, his statement, is
an. inexcus'ale outrage-tie groater
because mlatde by aI man11 whtose pJositionl
demiands particutlar rega-rd for trut~h
and att -least, ordInary resplect for re
putattble plel. Ills high oplInion of
religious peopIle ' euts no ligutre ' when
they ditlior withi hIm !I'hen thbey are
'A blnd fanatic't, etc.' ieo seems to
think lhe cairr'es allI thec wisdom of our
cominonwealtht anld to difer with him
Is folly. il1s entire coturse In tis alfair
'deseives rebuke' by all relIgious peoplo.
Ulls abuse of g iiod menW wIll not hly ils
pet mnonstirosity, thu dispensary. 'That
shame to our State and damage to our
citizens will go. And bairrooms will
not come back altithar."
THI, NIWS FROM CHINA.
A G[LOOMY VIEW IN ICtOI'K.
Idittle Ilopo 'or the Foroignora in
Pokins asiu Itoliei' Must, to Proaapt.
While the latest impression derived
from the conilieting tolograms from
the far east is that a portion of the
foreign colony at Pekin may have es
called slaughter until a recent dato, the
genera consensus of the heAt informed
opinion of I'urope 00111 to continuO
to favor the acceptance of the worst
news and the prompt action theroon,
the contention being that the only
possibility of definitely obtaining the
truth Is by the allied commanders in
giiiring at Pekin. .ludging from news
from Tien Taln, however, recording
divisions among the admirals there,
the jWospectS for an early advaneO
sem to be endangered unless the go'
ornimtints spoodiliy agree upon a su
Tolograns from Shanghai report,
that L li Hung Chang has taken up his
abode at the arsenal, as a measure of
precaution. It ia not stated whether
the attack by the Chinese or the at
tempts of the powors to curtall his lib
rtios cans d it.
A pparently, the foroign consuoi at,
Shanghai have informed the viceroy
that U1nless he obtained deli1nite d is
patchue from Pekin within live days
they woul concluded that thb minis
ters had been mur'dered, and act ae
Iteports are recurrent that a numher
of missionaries, elther Amerlean or
Enlglish, have been murdered in Shan
Si. One of the dispatches from Shang
hal, says :
".lhe Canadian misslonarios from
lionan had a terrible xperience en
route here. The natives every where
were hontilo. The rabble attacked the
refugees, beat them and tore the
clothes from their backs. The women
stiffered cruel Indignities."
The d ispatches continues "Canton
remains compl)aratively quiet,. The na
tives, however, are beginning to fear
that the reinforcements arriving at
IHong long intend to attack the Hogue
forts and occupy the city. The milita
ry mandarin has asked the colonial
secretary at Hlong Kong for assurances
thbat Great Britain does not intend to
A dispatch from Yokohama stated
that the Jlapanese division will all be
landed at Taku by Jiuly 31st, and will
reach Tien Tsin August :1.
The following cablegram has been
received at the navy department :
C11twIoo, July 21.
Navigation Bureau, Washington :
Written message, signed Conger,
dated .uly -1th, received Tien Tsin 21st
says : "Been besleged two weeks Brit
lah legation. Grave danger general
masacre by Chinese soldiers, who are
shelling legation daily. Relief soon if
at all. City without government ex
cept by Chinese army. )etermined
massacre all foreigners i'ekin. Entry
relief forces into city probably be hotly
Coltested. " THOMAS.
The receipt at Tien Tsin of ani un
doubtedly genuine and autographic
message from Minister Conger has
dono nothing to dissipate the doubt as
to the situation at i'ekin. The mes
sage, which was forwarded by the na
val ollicers at Tion, Taku and Chefoo,
has indeed served only to deepen the
darkest mystery of the century. The
oflicial conclusion remains unchanged,
of course, but It, is aimwitted that a
careful scrutiny of the autograph ms
sage from MInister Conger admits of
the belief that the two messages were
indited by Mr. Conger at about the
The situation at the Brltish legation
is represented to h the same in each
case, and as Mr. Conger declares that
relief must, come quickly i a~t all,
there ls ground for the aupplosition that
conditions could not long have remain
ed unchanged in such a crisis. The
assumption that, this reaso .inrg is cor
reoct, involves the further- conclusion
that Mr. Conger's cipher' message, if
genuine, was redated as of the 18th of
July, two weeks later than the dlate of
actual writing and of course, if redated
at all, that was done b~y Chinese 0oth
On the other hand and In support, of
the State department positIon, came a
message from anothber of thbe groat
Chinese viceroys, Tak, at Canton, ho
who took charge after [4 Hung
CIhang's dleparture. This also aillrmedJ
solemnly the s-afety of the logationers
and coming from so many dihferent
sources and froum such important, Chli
nose ollieials, these d ispateches do clalin
A pessimistic vlew of them, however,
attrlb~utes Li) all a comiimon origlin,
namely, somlme onme hxigh Chinese lper
sonaige at I'ek In. IL, Is noted tha} Tak's
assurance brIngs the ministers dno day
further towardls ultimateo rescue than
has any proccding message. Thie fact
that it allows only three days to cover
the transmission over. the great, dis
tance between l'ekin andI Canton has
attracted attention bere, and appears
to demand explanatIon If tbe message
is to bie acceptedl as genuinely of Pekin
I ord Salisbury has notiied the Uni
tced States ambassador that it was im
possible to accep~t the evidence so far
submitted by the Ch inese or that trans
mitted by the United States regarding
the safety of the foreign mrinitteraj at,
l'ckin, and that until their safety was
thboroughly established the British
govern ment woulId be umnable to d1iscuss
any question of mediation or kindred
The Canton correspondent of The
D~aily Telegraph, wIring Tiuosday,
senids the followIng immportant, news:
"Viceroy T1ak Sn to-day piublishes
tihe following mandate
"'A n important Imperial decree was
issued on the 23d day of the si x Lii imoon.
" 'We have lost TIen 'Tsin and great
precaumtions are taken in Peokin. No
peace can hie obtained without, going
through a wan. In the tilme of Chuing
an agreement was made that no mrur
den can be inllleted upon ministers
from abroad. it Is a month since the
minIster of Germany was assassInated
b~y Boxers andl strict orders have been
given for the arrest of the murderers.
We are trying our utmost to preserve
the lives of the other ministers an~d
they are st~ill in l'ek in. We fear that
the vieroys and governors may mis
understand the intention of the decree,
ralving on the safety of those minis
tors, as a ground for making peace,
and taking r.o heed whatever to pro
pare for attack and defence. The
noglect to fortify the districts under
their jurisdiction will bring endless
calamity. Viceroys and governors are
to Iay all attention to and to urge on
preparations for coast attacks and do
fonso, and they are to take the conse
quences in case of any territory boing
lost entirely through their delay and
"luropeans hore understand thor
oughly the last part of the edict, which
means that the vicoroys and governors
are commanded by the ompress dowa
ger to prepare for a Chinese war
against tho allied forces. Viceroy Tak
Su is bitterly anti-foreign, and ho Is
increasing his army and armamients,
nillitary and marino. He has lodged
an objection through the prefect of
K wang Chou to four small gunboats,
two i'ronch, one American and one
iritish. that are here to safoguard the
lives of foreigners, and he asks that
they be moved beyond the liogue
lt1IOtM MOVICMEN'T IN OIIlNA.
Homo oft I o Advanced l'olletos Atdvo
vateot by iho I'aam poror.
(l. . leiadland (i'ekiin 1'iiversIty) in the
The i'tmperor then began to issue a
series of reform odicts, the most re
markable that have ever been issued,
perhaps, by any ruler in any country
in the same length of ttime. Grant, that
they were too hasty, it must be ad
mnittod by every careful student of
tihem that there is not one that would
not have boon of tho greatest possible
benefit to the country if they had boon
properly put into operation. Lot me
summarize them :
. The establishment of a university
at, 'okin. .
a. The sending of imperial clansmen
to foreign countrios to study the forms
and conditions of l'hiropean and A mor
:. The encouragementof art, science
and modern agriculture.
.1. The 1Emperor oxpressed himself
as willing to hear the objection of the
conservatives to progress ant reform.
5. Abolished the literary essay as a
prominent part of the governmental
6. Censured those who attcmpted to
delay the establishment, of the I'okin
7. Urged that the Luae-lian Itallway
should be carried on with more vigor
8. Advised the adoption of western
arms and drill for all the Tartar
9. Ordered the establishment of agri
multirld schools i the Ioviinces to
toach the farmers improved methods
10. Ordered the Introduction of
patent and copyright laws.
11. The board of war and the foreign
olice wore ordered to report oin the re
form of the military examinations.
12. Special rewards were oefored to
inventors and authors.
13. The olicials were ordered to on
courage trade and assist merchants.
H4. School boards were ordered ou
tablished in every city in the IEm
15. A bureau of minos and railroads
ii. Journalists were encouraged to
write on all political subjects.
17. Naval academics and training
ships were ordered.
18. The ministers and provincial au
thoritios were called upon to assist the
Emperor in his work of reform.
i9. Schools were ordered in con
noction with all the Chinese legations
in foreign countries for tho honelit of
the children of Chinese in those coun
240. Commercial bureaus were order
ed in Shanighai for the encouragemen'
21. SIx utterly useless boards in l'e
kin were) ab~olished.
22. The right to mfemtoralize tih
thironie by sealed memorIals was grant
ed to alli who desIred to do so.
2:3. Two presidents and four vie'
presidentsa of the board of rites wer
d ismnissed for disobeying the Imperor'
orders that, memorIals should he pro
sonted to him unopened.
24. The gover-norships of Tiupoh.i
Kuangtung, and Yunnan were abeolishn
od as beiag a useless expense to thnt
25. Schools for instruction in the
preparatlton of tea and~ silk were or
2(1. The slow courier post'i were ab~ol
ishled in favor of the Ijipri al customs
27. A system of budgets as in wes
tern countries was applroved.
I have given these decrees in tis
oipitoized form so that all thbose w ho
are intereste I in the character of this
reform movenment in China may see the
influenice the young Emperor's studly
had upon him. I'here is not, one of the
decrees that would not have been a
most useful move for the Clhinose gov
enment, to make, andi if the I'rmperor
had been allowed to proceed, putt1ing
into operation all of tlibii, as he ud
somie, China would at, present, he close
upon the heels of Japan In thbe adoption
of westeorn ideas.
-We cannot remember a day so
dark as to have hindered the approach
of coamiing (day, nor a storm so furious
or dreadfum as to prevent, the return of
warm sunshine and a cloudless sky.
" 'I would have you to know," said
i'omponlous, '"that I ami a self-made
man." "Well," said young itasper,
"there'si one thing certain, you needn't
waste any mionoy securing a patent."
OUlt O)LKEATICST ICUIAI1I'T.
llor :20 years lir. J. Newton hiathaway
las 8o successfully treated cthronaic diseas
es that lie is acknowledged today to stamd
at the head of his profession in this Iiline
lIIis exclusive method of treatmenit tom
Varicocele and Stricture, without the aid
of knife or cauttery cures in 90) per cent. ol
all cases. I n the treatment of the loss oj
Vital lForces. Nervous iDisorders, K idney
and Urinary Complaints, P'aral ysis, lhood
Poisoniing, RItheummatism, (atarrhi, ando dtin
eases peculiar to womenm, lie is equially
successful. I)r, i- athaway's praictlce ii
more thiani double that of anty other spec.
lalist., Cases proniounced helpless by other
phaysicians readily yield to his treatment,
Write him today fu.lly about your case.
He makes no charge for consulhtationa or
advice, either at, his of1ice or by mail.
J. Newton liathaway, MI. 1)., 22% South
Broadi utreot. Atflai t a (a.
i'o teReaderis ot'
We invite you to
and boys. wel
Our line of Mdet
)ur Bioyls' linee
CIeu'm 1'ais fioi
A completo lite
felt, anld stra
The he-it $3.50
Every thitng, in)
lineu of' unlau
knItowin lito th
We will take ph
bes.t 4tockI 4of
SMITH & I
TIIl TA I' ALIIlAN'CE.
Atnnual MnIaelingt leebles to (C4ontttune
The 14(alo Exhanigo.
The tbtuonth an ital sess ion of th
Stato illiance wIas hold In Cohumbia on
At 10 It. mli. the trusteou tockholders
of the Stato alliance excitiage mot In
th hall of thI flousexO of I eI)reHOnta
t11vyos and hold a sessionl Inating untatil
nearly I p. i. At this sessi0on they
carofully went, ovor the financial
reportsuibmItted by tho oard of di roe
tors. Thent a committuo with Mr.
Kulth, W'lo wisled tho tmotnoy divided,
a chairman, wai appointod to recomU
tmxotid to the StLtIo ailI f orno101114.3 anII
looking to the diltposition of tihe mon
ey. ThIis commkittoo tit during tlbo
The0 fol lowin IS at roster of the OldO
gat promeset :
Abbeville-.1. It. lilako.
Andersion-J. It. . outhLIt.
Ibdgolloid - W. If. T1 im mxtterman.
l'loreneo-A. C. Stewart.
llorry--Jas. A. kowli.
liershaw-J. A. Malaftoy.
Litauaster-J. F. Noshitt.
LIoxington-.Jamos It. Addy.
Newhurry-W. It Counti.
Uconeo--J. IS. I'ickuet..
O()angeblirg--S. C. Kiennedy.
Itichland-- I. C. I)ul'ru.
linton-.. G. . iles.
York-.J. F. Ashlo.
Greonwood-.J. 1,. ilughoy.
trom the ub-allitance wor tho
following : 1). I'. Itlird, 0. 1 '. Clark,
A. S. Irlck and '. 0. Counitts.
The presdiunt,. Senator Alextadur,
delivered hik annual addrotis, whch
was abort and contal tied stomo good I y
communl and advic , and wasi well re0
colved. ll spoke axa followi :
"Tia11 li tIac thirtooth annuaxil taoet
Ing of thu South Carolina Stato atif
arnco. It givoxi me grout plotistro to ho
horu with you and to foot and know
thtt I itand to-day ati I titood 13 yuari
ago, Iin full followIly witih all true
and triod brothron of tho greateit or
dur, outuxld the church of Christ,, now
In exixtotnco. 1 claim thxero are nao Ioo
plo, tnor organaIian, nao ordert or atl
Ilied forces tht wIll doi maoro for tibo
up~huildltng of mankitnd, in every voca
- tlona of lIIfe, thxan the 4)neo and. ntow
muach loved ordor, Llbo xi alinco.
"While~~ our ordor hasi decrieasedl,
- tnaumrcally sipeakinag, yet 11, lis as
xitr'ong in tibo faith andl tlbo princd iuls
tias on theo day of Iit d nciiny. Th'iore
3 shxould bo no laggIng, no desiortlon
fromx thew raxnks ;thxe hoavlior tho load,
-ix thexardor weoa must pumll. We mta t.
draw the atlliance charIot up outi, oft the
Piat, and putt It on the hlih mxacad
axizexd road to suaccoess and prospeprlty.
'Yes, tot usx hold to Libo old alyi ; lot,
use lay a saafo fouxndlat.ltn and build onx
thxe principles laidi down in x our ri tals
atnd contxtit utxuxns, andi work for tibo
hxottormexnt, of mxank indx, mtoral ly, 14o
elatly andl Iintaneialtly, and in part~lcular
work for every hxoneit, intorot, of tihe
brothrnen of tibo atillance. Thu groat,
trutsa and. combi )natloons wichol su r
round t.Ibo laboring e clases and thxroxat
ena to engulf alI of our sutrplusx tmutst ho
watched with anx eye xintglo to to Iin.
teroxitt oif theo assesixo.
"Thoure la only one way to dofenad
ottr boaxrthxstonesi, our i wi vOI and outr
clxild reni, and that, li to li ghat fite wi th
tire. Axi some0 1 one has aptly saxid , 'Y''oux
ennx eut dlainaondl only with dtamaonad.'
We musxxt huild up) thu waxito placeas, re
hianld atxd royeviify our~ sub -atlIianes,
and141onced .noro- becoittn a powver in L~is x
Souxitland, and theta wo cana lIve as
monux-tivo hxonexst,, hxappy and pxroxiper
Afitor tibo addressix a tecessi was. taken
to allow the( hoard of triusteosi of the
Stato exchange to conatinue itxi x dicus
elona ovor the $ I ,000 and try ,o diater
mine what wasi heost to hao doneo with It.
At about 12 :10 o'clock 'Thu arxday
amornlng the lighat over tixboexchxango
and its fuxnds. en .1ed. it had waged
warmly alt tibo eveninag. Col. I)xxncan
and Mr .II K 1.t hbatih muado vigorous
spjeece. A thxrou-f axrihhs veo was re
quiiredl in order to witxdrtaw thte capItal
stock from the exchanxge. WhIent thxe
propaosition to withdraw the money
and return it to itti original subtiscrliburs
wasi finailly brouxighut tox a Voto, about
$8,00a0 wortht of the sitock votedl for it
and thec otixor $ 10,001) votedl agalinlt,.
Thuas was. it doterine ad to contInue
the exchanage, wiclh hasi beeni suspend
0(d for abaouxt oneo year. Ai to) thbe de
tallls of the managettnent, theoy will be
deeided upon later by thxe board of
T1he hoard oft directors of t.ho State
alliance exchange wasi elected as fol
l''romn the State-at-I .arge-.-J. it. Axihe,
York, and M r. lIlako, A bhevilio.
Second l)lxstrlct-- W. ii. Timmiermuan.
TIhird 1ixtriet- ..inu. b. irtt.
come to see us for any thing that men
j's Suits run from $4.00 to $25.00.
i'ant Suits $1.50 to $6.00.
n $1.00 to $7.50.
of Mcni's and Boys' Hats in both
Shoe made for men.
Jnderwear, among which is the best
idered white shirts and colored shirts
h trade for 150 cents.
amaure in showing you through the
goods in our line in the Piedmont
the prices are all right.
NVILLE, S. C.
Look it Over Again?
lake another look through our store,
,ouir delight over some of our bargains
nay have caused you to skip others. In '
melsliess it is deeds like ours that win, not
We will relenish our Dimity counter
,li" week, add ing new ones that have not
ieen offered yet. livery thing on thte coun
er will ie at. the small price of to. Dimi
ies iii while aid colored, Organdies in
xlite anld colored and many othes good
Our 7c Counter a Hot Number.
We have had such a big run on this
uotuter that it nearly cleaned it up, so for
lie voming week we will freshen it up with
nany desirable goods that you canuot
,Twki "k) minS seelmg.
In hibbsi, Organdies, Lawne and many
other kinkds of goods that we will close
Wc have added many more to nur large
stock on cetier coniler, all to gro at cut
prices. They arm ioiijg fast. call and get
yours tbefore they are a gone.
Wash Hilks this week at 20c--get a nice
waist or full dress before they are all sold.
We will here meition a few of our spec
ini for this week, all hot numbers.
Our Summer (orsets at 2fic, worth 40c.
Our dropped stitclied fast black Hose at
264, worti 36c.
Our Uhamoic Kids at to, worth 36e.
Our (atuze Vests for ladies at l5c, worth
Our tiaize Veste for meii at 25c, worth
Pu r Tlowely at .ie, 12%c4. 15e ajid 5c.
Ajnd manyi othier things.
A tr ial of oulr goods will conlvinice you,
a test of our lrices will eiithue you.
Kei yur eye on thIs house and your
mimi on our bargains aiid you are sure to
~e~t big jjnterest oin your monecy.
I WA hit tle lietter Tihan Thle lIest,%
I ic why we sell thiem.-a
I The A meriicant hadty Corset, all styles.
Ou r Irish I imit ies at i8c.
Ilioni ''. lIeeynoldls Iinie Slhoes for meni.
iHentz Shoes for ladies and children.
R. L. R. Bentz,
Cashi Dry Goods and Shoes.
J, MITJON KINGJ,
Manager Easley Branch.
Gr'eenviilo Store, .. .... .
..Corner enitranco, 201 Main St.
EWAgent for Btutterick Patterns.-g
It'ourth istrict-A. C. Lyles.
le' fth D)Istrct-S. T. McKeown.
Slxth l)lstrict-Charles Crosuland.
Heventh Distriot.-D. F. Etird.
T1he allianco then resumed Its see
clonsc, re-electing its present officers-.
Senator Alexander, president, and Mr3
J1. W. ituld, secretary and treasurer.
M r. K oitt's term as executive conm
mlttoomian having expired and he hay
ing opp)osition, an election was necessi
Lated. Mr. Nesbit, of Lancaster, was
chJiosen to succeed him.
TIhie otleecra of the board of directors
of the State alliance exebange were
thou selected as follows :
l'resident-A. C. Lyles.
VIce l'resident--J. L. Keitt.
Secretary-Dr. W. H. Timmerman,
The alliance elected 0. P. Goodwin
of Laurens, delegate to the national
alliance, which meets in Washington,
D). C., in l'ohruary, 1901, installed the
nlilcors and then adjourned sine die.
--The IUited States is likely to have
a new customer for its corn and corn
meal. OwIng to the failure to a large
extent of the .lapanese rice crop, com
mission merchants in the Far Elast have
been making inquiries for American
broadstuis, and an effort is being made
to make the initial shipment of corn.
- -An inspection of Chicago's divorce
records since January 1 shows that for
six months 1,922 petitions for divorce
were tiled. During the same period
9,240 marriage licenses were issued.
T1he percentage of divorces is more