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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, May 16, 1901, Image 1

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Veterans March in Body to Great ii
Chieftain's Home.
Wade llaptl)on who has been de- t
scribed by (en. Gordon as the greatest a
man the State of South Carolina ever y
produced, was honored yesterday as t
but few men are ever honored on this e
earth. It is rare that it falls to the lot f
of man to have such tribute paid to Ii
him by liidreds of men, each of whom e
is himself a hero. Gen. Iiampton was y
much affected by the remarkable a
demonstration of affection and regard ,
made by the grizzled survivors of many
a bloody batt lefield and dashing charge; a
so much so that towards the end of the ri
addi'ess to his men bis voice was fal- 1
tering, and lie spoke with difliculty. n
Ihis heart was full to overflowing. It .
was a sight that those who witnessed 11
can never forget. It carried to all the e
lesson that homior, chivalry and integ- f,
rity have a reward that no other quah- w
ications can procure. k
It was about 5.30 o'clock when the h
Confederate veterans in the city fell
into line at the interaicelion of Gerva:s u
and Ilain streets for the purpose of
mnareinng to Gen. lIaml)ton's home
and paying tribute to him. Tihe pro- y(
cession was headed by Gen. Walker hi
and staff and Adjt.. Flenniken, of Camp lo
-Iampl)ton, hIe-alinug the division colors, I
and Col. J. Fuller Ly on, commanding e
the Abbevillo regiment, bearing the st
tattered colors of the Tenth South Car- tc
olina reiiment. Just in front were S
Messrl. Asher Browie and C D. Eber- a
hardt of the Columbia orchesta, beat. al
ing the kettle and bass diums. Fol- m
lowing the veterans were the Sons of fe
Veterans, headed by Commander Iunt a,
and staff. In the procession of tbe ti
veterans also marched several of tle C(
fair sponsors. The old soldiers march- h(
cd out Gervais street upon the north a
pavement, and the line was over four vi
blocks-nearly a half mile-in length. ol
A number of C nfederate gray uni- di
forms were to be seen in the proces- tLI
sion. As they passed a residence upon in
Gervais street a party of ladies and ti]
gentlemen gave three cheers for the fu
old boys. [1
At Gen. Hlamn)tons residence there
were chairs upon the piazza, aad the y
membeis of Wade llampton chapter, y(
Daughters of the Confederacy, occu- s1
Pied them. Near the centre sat Mrs. til
Waring, Miss Martin and Mrs. Kohn, Se
the committee al)l)omiitCd to confer y(
upon Gein. Ilamlpton the Southern fa
Cross of Ilonor. (en. Ilamptin as hL
talking to Geni. John B. Gordon when it
the beat of the drum was heard. The
two generals inmediately said fare. a;
well, and Gen. Gordon going out, H
junmed ini a carriage and left. Gen. i
I1ull)toln then stepl)ed out 111)011 the
portico and soon Maj. hIart met him hi
an( warmly shook his hand. The gen hc
eral soon afterward sat down in a ho
large arm chair, as the marching col
i~nadv,-need- m
Oi his left lapel ("e. Hampton yC
woro a recepl)tioi committee badge; on fr
the right. was a beautiful Confederate w
badge. As the veterans came up, Gen- ki
Walker entered the yard and came 01
- upon the )ortico, warmly greeting (en.
Ilailton, who had risen to receive
him. lie was followed by tle division
sponsor and her maids of honor and
others. The veterans lined up out
side the fence, ten to fifteen feet. III
front, of the portico, ini the yard, were
a number of' little children. Gen.
Ilampltoni remarked that lie wvished lie
h att " horses for all those mn out bc
As soon as Adjt. Ilolmes camne uplon ci:
the piiazza Glen. Walker turned to the mn
veterans antd exclaimed : "Comnradles, fe
- we have come to c'all on the greatest, G
of all South Carioliians, Wade IIamp-) w
ton. I want you to welcome him with di
the goodl old Rebhel yell. Now give it tr
to him, boys !"' This wa1s (done ini fne cl
* style. y
T1hen Geni. Walker saidl: "You boy3s am
* ~ all know thiat I have been saying too 01
* much already, and, besides, I think tc
that this presentation should be miade 1,1
by one who foliowed the great cavalry r<
leader of South Carolina all through ji
those four years: I have therefore, o:
selected Maj. Ilait, of IHart's battery, ti
to present you to our great chieftain.'' b
Maj. Ilart, of Yorkville, of the cele- 1;
brated Ilart's battery then spoke as Ti
follows: ti
" Gen. Ilamptoni: You have heard e
that yell before, and you heard it in n
(lays when it, meant something more ti
than a ti ibute of love and affection to d1
you; when it me-ant terror to thlose
who stoodl before it.
"It is my pleaising privilege to p)resenit b
to you the assembled survivors of two n
immortal Confedlera e armies --[he one I
of Northern Virginia, led by the im- a
mortal Lee, and the other the army of tl
Tennessee, which followed the peerless h
Josephl E. .Jobi iston. These are the a
men who standl beflore y'ou this even- f,
ing, andl who for fonr' year1s carriedl on S
the point of their bright bayonets the p
argument for' Southern Independenec e
and~ the praycr for liberty. Bhut well e
(lid they performi their mission. There s
are standing before you this evening a
- meni who stood before the red-monithed~ f
- cannon at Malvern 11111 and at Cemoe- s
*tory Itidge. T1hose banners, some of
which we saw this mornig, and some 1:
of which I think are hiere,, have flashed it
uponi scores of battleflds behore you, y
the great, leader. I see menu here who
followed Lee's great line of soldiery I
that were nearly always inlvincile"; I
meni who fought uder Ihill, and Early,
andl Jackson amid licauregard. I siee
* hefoire me men who followed Josep~ha
F. Johnston al Franklin, ansI who on a I
scor3 of battletihis from Lookout i
Mountain to Atlanita fonght Sherman:
andl nearly always replulsedI him.
"'And, Gen, l lamipton, there are men
standing here who followedl your
nightly blade upon a hundred battle
elds; wherever you led-for, sir,'yoi
lways led wherevet there was fight
ig to be done. (Applause.) Ther
re men who were with you when yoi
Jok command of the Confederate cav
Iry in 1864, and where at Hawes' shol
ou planted its dismounted lines bcfor
se advancing corps of Iardy an(
herman and wrenched Richmom
:om their grasp with an insiguifican
ttle body of dismounted cavalry. Tli
reuse of these men thon was tha
[U had been reenforced. That waQ
ways their excuse; but, sir, there
as nothing in it.
"And so, sir, when Sherman met you
Trevalian Station, where the Enfieh
ge was in the grasp of the cavalry
en instead of the useless sabre, Sher
an as he rode away from the field
rote to his chief that he was met by
ampton's cavalry, but that it was re
iforced by Early's division of in
ritly, and that their combined forces
ere too great for him. But, sir, you
.ow that you, with a force less than
tif as great as his own, had coi
Alled him to retire from the field in
Aber (disord 3r.
"And now, comrades, I present to
>u a chieftain worthy not only of
air admiration, for Gen. Ilampton
is always had that, not only of your
ve and affection, for he won that
ng, long ago, but worthy of the high
t meed of praise that man can be
ow upon his fellow mal. I present
you one who has done imore for
mith Carolina in peace, in war, and
ain in peace than all the orators and
I the statesmen that, ever came before
after. WN'hien in the (lark days that
llowed disaster and defeat to our
is it was he who stands before you
is evening, that lent that hope and
urage to the hosts of invincible man
>od and womianhood-if I may please
y it-of South Carolina that cat ried
etory when defeat seemed almost the
ily result of the campaign. It was
te to the sagacious statesmanship and
e true courage of him that in a cam
ign which required greater courage
an war, when South Carolinians
ught for their liberty a second time,
at a victory was gained.
"Gen. Hampton, these men coie to
Ly their respects to you. They love
>u, they honor you, and as yonder
n which is setting in the West marks
e declining hours of a peerless day,
those bat tle-scarred heroes before
'u, with their gray hair and wrinkled
ces, indicate the declining lay of
eir manhood. But such as it is, sir,
is yours, and yours forever."
Loud cheers followed this speech,
d there were lRebel yeiis as Gen.
Impton rose and faced his soldiers.
iere were cries of "HIampton."
Gen. Iampton placed his hand on
3 right breast and quiet prevailed as
addressed the great gathering as fol
"My Comrades: I have indeed, as
aj. Hart has said, heard that Itebe.
11 often before and when I heard it
>m my own men, from the men
hon I had the honor to command, I
oew that we were safe. I think it is
0e of the British ppets who says:
'The kites know well
The long league's swell
That bids the Romans close.'
I might paraphrase this by saying:
The Yankees knew well
The Ion g league's swell
That bitts the Rebels close.
"My old heroes I hope it never will
forgotten. I hope it will be trans
ittedI to your children and to your
ildren's children-if not for them to
e to tell how it used to ring from the
rests of Virginia, how it rang from
3ttysburg to the West, and how it al
ays told of men who were willing to
e for their Southland, to die for
*ith, for honor, for manhood, for
Livalry andl for a great truth. I want
mn to try andl teach to your children
id to your children's children that
irs was not a lost cause. I want, you
tell tthem that we were fighting fom
0 right. George Washington was a
bel, but Lee was not. When Great
ritain recognized1 the ind(ep~endencE~
this country she did not recognizcn
0e independence~of thelUniitedl States
at of each sovereign State as inde.
mndent and1 sovereign. T'here wer<
I independent andl sovereign States
hey founded this union and~ they hat1
te right to withdraw from it, when.
/er they chose so to (10. We wvere
ot successful-it, is not given to mor
ils to command success. You havi
ne more-yeu have dleserved it.
"And now in your declining yeari
ad when mine have extendedl long
syondl the period( allotted to man, you
iy 01(1 comradles, whom I loved, whon
trusted and with whom I felt as saf,
1 (10o now, I want to say to you al
mat all the love you have given mi
as been more than reciprocated; tha
It that I have ever been able to (14
ir you, for any one of you, or fo
outh Carolina, has been more than ne
aidl by the honors you have unsolicit
I conferred upon me andl by this thi
rowning honorof my life. I may no
ie you again. I remember a story o
n old bishop who when ready to retir
com publhc life went to the abbot, am~
" 'Father Abbot, an 01(1 man whos
cart is broken by the storms of Stat
come to lay his weaxy bones amnon
"That, is all I shall ask of South C ire
na-a few feet of earth where m
indred for six generations are restin"
and I am p~roud~ to say that one o
uore of each generation since the,
yore knowin in South Carolina ha
illed a bloody gr.4ve for South Carohniii
Applause.) I claim no credlit for thai
svery South Carolinian who was tru
vas willing to give his blood( and hi
ife for the old State. I amn sure th
[ was willing to do 5. 1 think I ~i
say so to you, My Men, that I neve
I turned my back upou any of you whei
- your faces were turned toward th,
enemy. The greatest honor that I fel
I during the war was once when I cam
upon at poor private who was dying.
I stopped beside him allot he said:
I Im happy to die fihhting andot I an
I proud to (lie light ilg Iider you.'
' "1 pray that God will bless you ani
will givo you peace andI prosperity
give it to the old State, give it to cael
on1e of you and that you will go hoim
and tell your kindred that you hav
seeni your old coiriade and that h<t
thanks you for them.'"
Again the lRebel yells burst forth mI
the general ceased speaking am sal
Some one then cried for (ordon, bu
GCen. Walker told him that the old Con
fede had done more than the Yankeves
con(l ever tdo-their cominm. had Iadt
Gen. Gordoni runi.
Taking inl his hand a beaiutifili
wreath of magnolia leaves Adj I.
Ilolies then addressed (en. Ilampton
thus :
"' Gen. lampton: Your comrades
COIl to you today b ringing heart' ful
of love, and words of estcen and praise
and reverence. They come also bear
ing a ,imple gift which they want yoi
to hang inl the room 3 ou mot81 fre,
quently sit in so that as of ten as you may,
lift your eyes3 toward it you tmay re
call the imeu who never once inl war ()I
in peace faltered in their love for you,
This wrieath is nmade of ieavkes frm -1
tree that. grows inl your iativ- State.
That, tiee was transplantud from Ithe
State of your ancestors. It was traus.
planted from the Dismal swam p of
Virgimai;u and now grows inl tile yard )f
Lieut.. Col. Julius Blake, who himseli
gathered these leaves and they werc
twined into this Wreath by Mrs. Isaaci,
whose father servedin Texas and in
the Confedera'e states navy. Ve
have selected tiese leaves for these
two reasons, and we have bound tOile
with ribbon of the blue and white of
your State- -the State that will ie
known hereafter for all time as the
State of its savior, as Wade llam ptonl's
South Carolina."
By this time the yard was filled with
old soldiers whose entI usiasi was
Gen. HIampton rose and said:
" My friends I want, to say that I
thank you for the love and kindness
you have showli 11 and to assire1 yol
that this wreath shall long hang so
that if I can so control it tle last liok
I give on carth will be on that cien*
to of youc kindness."
Mrs. Clark Waring tlien in a mnonst
appropriate manner expressing" thec
most patriotic sentiments presented
the Southern Cross of Ihonor to Gen.
Ilampton, and had sat down so that
his little grand daughter could put it
on his coat for the Wade Iiampton
chapter. This was done, andf Naj
Ihart, leaned over and kissed the little
girl. The general said lie felt like
kissing the dear womien.
Just here Miss Margiarel Flinn,
sponsor for Camp Hampton, camtle up
with a beautiful floral du sigll preset
ing it to the general, and naively said,
"Aren't you going to kiss me?" The
general surrendered and did kiss her
then and there, while the soldiers
A final rebel yell was given, and tilen)
an informal reception was held oi Ilie
piazza, tile soldiers ci'owding the one
over the other' to shake the aged hero5
He Discourses on a Sermnon by a
Northern Fanatical Preacher.
" Fret not thyself because of evil,
dloers. Fret not thyself becauise of1
him who prlospereth ini hiis way and
binfgeth wicked dlevices to pass.
There is good~ philosophy and( miuch~
comfort. in that p~salml. its frequent
perusal will fortify us agamnet trouble
and( leave us calm and1( er'eine at leaist
for a time11. . lIut I don't b~eliev'e thal
D)avid had as manyIl things to. exasper
ate imi as we do. Now hiere isr
Chicago r'eligiouis paper sent to me to
disturb my tr'anquifity. It contains
sermiion recently (1elivered by thle edfitoi
to a large :onlgr'egationl of hlis follower
and they said amen and amnen at e3ver'
malediction that he utt ered against 0ou
p~eop~le. I djon't f ret myselfI abou
what a Not thlerni pr1eachiri says nor:
Nor'thern editor writes, but I don'
like that amen and amen from ti
saints, and1( it grieves me, to realiz'e tha
tile more0 malignanut anim ecti' is aga:ins
us th~e more subscriberis his pape
gets. Now this Chicago editor says 1
his serimon:
" If I were president when the neOx
lynching takes place ini thle South
wouild put at cord(onI arounid that distric
andl hang a hiundrlied of t hiem and1
would shoot a hundred'c~. WVorthy a
cannibals are the horrible things carriie
on in the South. As sure as you liv
those eight million negroes will on
daiy bu1rst loose. If it is to be bloo
I for blood, tiieni woe to you in the blae
belt. You Southierners with your ro
bellious pid~e still lhdf you lynch Ith
poor negro for tile very~ crime that you
fathers commnitteod on their slaves
There is one voice that will speak
all others are silent. (A pplause.
? When the time conmes we will (do mor
than speak. God wd'il juldge you1-yo
-whited sepuilchiers who str'aii at at gnll
andl swalow a camel. I have bec
- told that 1 have lost fr'iends at thI
r South. I nlever had an~y. TJhey wer
f never wvorthiy of my friendship. The
a are neither Christians nor good cit
- ens. I hear the march of eight nnl
.lhon Ethiopians, and it will be an awfi
e (lay wvhen thecy burst loose inl the blac
5 belt.'"
a My wife says that I had better' tak
r im iat will relieve Me. I st e (hil
I the first rose of stuum r has1111 01 come forth
jill all its crimuson beauty. A pair i
t tily Sparrows are <lrtinking at Ihe foull
taili ill the froi It r 'il. They are ye(
low and lahck, akin to the (ihi4ries.
A mockingbird is singini in a i-igh.
Ior's gartlen. ( )(: Ilock of pi)ig nal '1 is
sailing arounilin racefl Iurves. The
pen<cek is stnilting :ui spreating Is
magniificent tail tdal is happy Iln ins
I vanlity. The dog lics lazily on the blue
grass anlI everythin.. is happy that (od
1as Illaule ecNept sonu C lserable pe
ple who are liever haIppy tilliess tiev
Ire abibiia. sohlliilig or filldilig fitailt
With thirl lieighblors. What I slack.
troullh the SothlI is to that cjl;s i
North. They can <liffer with each
other in) politics and14 the tai-fl anld re
ligion anl the lhI lilppille war, butl wheni
they get tired ofi quarreling they say,
"Well, Irow, let's hohl upl awhile and
abuse14 those iliggel killers <lown Nouth."
That's a harmonulizo. A nothi' pre-ah
er, 1)r. Gunisatilus, hdelivered the ora
in at ( GaleiNIa lin hoor of Geiral
GWrn's birthday andl made it appear
that Gaint was the aithor atl finisher
ofl eiancipation and legro sulIfrag
and it wouli he ac 'ge to pe1rmnit the
ballot to he tIken away fromu him while
the sialow (11f that 1114))ill elit Is (Over
the nation. ()h, my e.uitn I W haI
anit ilotl! l'.ver ybenly w ho r'eads his
tory knows that (Gr'ilt was a slave
OWlir4 1111 live(l ofl the hil 4, "f his It',
-rovs up1) to tihe very day li t' ih.-ii IIee
dilm -ad a ithe unliforly dh-c-laredI he
wis not lighting lor the1 LI grI) , t1111 for
th1e lillionl. Iet tile reverend gent1e
mn1u reIad ill A pplelCt 's' ('vClopedia
of Aierican iiography whiere (;cIl
etal Gninlt's ol ather) wrolte to himl lit
St. Lopuis iln May, Isii, that ifi ho'
couleit live tiff the hirt. o4f hi, nevgitO's
he( hadf better mlove it) (;ahlvna amid
work in the tanyan1. Biut I will take
a brief' rest agaiin Iinhearl, for mly
wife says the inAtat4 hups have (4cnw
4al4 I hal better gelitread to poison
them(. h 1:ays they arc a lost as
ustifenoius as Y'ukeie prem-hrlis m1a1
are much neuarer to) us. Myv :g;udenl 1
a cIhy subsoil 1n1 hakes vlry quickly
attera raili, anl it keeps In1- 111oving
<p1lite hi IV to previ'nt a crust that wIll
1i't. let lithe little Ifhints come uill. It
has alway 1.s been i aiystery to me hwI
at little tenderiplant ca l upe'Iave a col
that will weigh 11ilf' a poil.
Biut about thowse pre-cahers who are
s4 <listc'seI .11)4 lliit' t-l igro. I wish
to remiuk that 5 11am 1)ape 1nit
";Ia.ve I)r. t ;iunsauis's s'en1timenclts
about the negro had in the next cluinn
inl hirg! beailiws at press dispatch
from Connellsville, 'a., ll a-count of
a fiendi-l crirne c1uittdhv11 1) iht
negroes(21 ulPon Mr. Ale.\illian ~ and his
wife, Shotling himl) 511 subjeting her
Io all outra'cg wo.se 1hall deatih 4al1
left themn both Fior <d:1. I hope the
posse 111 gut tile lcgroes :nd( l tIelui
them h3 this time. Do you reckon I
wodIhI have reuC ed Io help lynch the
brutles it' I hadl been there andl if, that
CIei cago preacher 11141 heeln there an!
ilused a h Ielpinig 1111141 1 woul have
tsaitd "Now, boys, let'S hall" himl up1 by
tile legs to give him tune14 lo relenIt-.
the cowally dog who woulh lnot avelge
a wo1lna's honlor," Tat.'s 11ny (;ait]h
and( part (If illy rvlilrioll, a1( l've been
o(i that li-ve t' since these outrages
be-gull. I rejie over every lync)(hmg
of at bru-lte andl our -wood" are full (01
goodl citizens,. -)f the. sam mnd.(v
Crr114'(1( nl('er iay purgeTh hi' own re
target to be0 shot at andlI 1 un1 free tol
say) that a 11nan1 whoII woI) wait for thie
sfow, un142Certain proIl'.cess ot the la1w and1
the Ccour 'u to a venIge our wiv~esj 11114
dauighlter's is 1no man11 ltt all and14 1has 411
scorn1 an~d conteipIt. I thintk 1 ho11
lbet ter' retal a psahn44 or go otut 14114 pilit
someC 111014 heanls, f'or my' wif'e says slhe
wants al5 su'(csion1 ofI cro'ps (of all these
is wh'lat. she called:4 thlem.
It, is that same14 pur iitaical411 set of
prea~1cher IsW10 who1brought on1 the warl andl
we though1t thle Iext Lgener:1ation1 wouhI
have morel' sense and1( let us alone)4 sinet:
shI 1ivey was abob)1shed:4, but lhke fathter:
like sonis,11ain1 heny ar1e yet miiserabe114 o1
lon)11g as M ordee CI IS sitting lat the gate
Some (of our1 wiV ter's and11 orator~rs de
clarie tluIt pea1ce an4 d b rot her'ly lov
1now prevailS, hut it is like thle game (
r -< tree car d In1ante(,"' no0w you1 seei
L 11144 1now y'ou dlon't see0 it. llent
1 Grml4 Iy imalde? a grealt-8 speh ini IHosmi4
1 mal fairly capljture'd his aud1(iecI4e, h41
I ill less thani tiIwo weeks thle I os toi
t pienchers:' were belittling his 4fellrt son1
t hIowling~ at. the Soulth for its had faill
f pobleml is still eir capllital sItock an1
it has1 sprelad from New EnAgIlnd tI
I. Chica'n m111( the great West. Thef G
t, wrIte up1 a hlistory oIf thle civil war41, am11
1 the4 niext. thling will be to fo4re it intl
f theC publlic schlsf. Th'le ( ;. A. IH's
11 1s to dra1w 14) mor 1pn11 n and15141 htiege.
e oneCS, but 14111 I n't und "r1dan1 ho4w1 lhej
I ('all look a ConifIeder'ate4 $4li4r inl th<i
k face and1( boast of anuythiing. IIf it to444
- fotur of 11s to wh'ip llie of1 tIn411
a liever brag 1(1hout1 it, 14444 i-k for 14 jw4Il
I sioli, al11d If it W.is g~IveI1 'l ill1441
.conIscientioulyl) 1p41ur it bsm k ini the jtug
) Ia garden for' hlim~ arol putl him4 o it t4
4: keep it amiol ohres1s it am that walI (~s in
Li noc0ent 11 twllmanly, ma14 so) 1 will go 441
t and4 odig 5(ine( a114( 1turn thle fhydran(
iI loose, lorl it is a1wfull dfry. Wiishli
(couid turn't it loo4)se 011 thos4e preacl~ihers
e Since 1Biho(adlrxlandnhi
yeailines, "Oh, I or 4)ne4 more14 bre'atl
-) ofurixtlstis ' Ive lietn l44rni'lIlII
hlistory. (Of cour11e he1 4114ent4 n)1:m
i tlhoe Pur~litans9141 wh came4 to) N".ew
k ' Erwhol m1114 m4.mI~ 44 inmorting tie
ties Anericam literattire aid the
3econd is devoted to those horrible
witcheraft times when Iincreaise Mather
and Cotton Alather and Samuel Sewall
and other saints had helplekss women
arrested and tried and hung for witch
craft.. The whole procedure is inl thin
vomie id it makes the heart sick to
r end how the poor creatures begged
for their lives and in their last io
in'its on the gnllows denied their
-uilt. Hlow as many a3 eight were
hing at one time and miay more at
v",i ouls times~q, and how% old Juldge
vvall afterrs repented and the
twelve juri'111111 repein Iited uld publish
Cot tlit'r repinitance aud asked God to
I lrgive thir Ci* great t-ini, etc. One wo
mani, ay Wat kiins, who wavis a hired
Servanlt, a white woiiiani, was tredl
but the eviden1cc wvas not sufficient to
con vie , at1i so tIIV dil not ling her,
but Slit het, of to \'irittia to be s(old
as a slave. This is onliy a little serap
of New l;iEnulii history , anid it* anly of
t heir descendants a re ausiued of it lhey
h ic neveI said Flo to ie. 'Thiose
Northeri bit ren are awfl slow oin
apologies. Blit 1 inust go aul stick
tie swet peas atntd iiir u thiI It-e flow
erIS for the .1lie wuVcilui. ()y hit'igh6
bor's pretty dtv iaug-hier is to lie iarried
anid they are-( IinIn te
"Britng lower,; brling 1lowers, for thle
bindc l we;t...
Tlhe *v rtr. hora (4o blu1sh ill her shlinliltu
One of Charleston's Religious
Landiuarks us to be ( losed.
The mos(It ancient saaetuarly ink Southl
('arohn1a is ml jv4opanY lylo being" closed
finr public wor-shipl. Forl mor11e thanl
I wo hItiiuh i'd years (hIel lligutiit exiles
of F ncI, wh lied tIi tis Stite Ilter.
(he ie-v'catioi of1 the iedict of Naites
by Iomls X IV, atii iheiri desculan'its
have st up uth' IrirayeriS frm1111 tlt-.
Lame t s it. l'tder the hititi
full builfing. of the llu1xuenot. churchl
adarotil it nIllIt.e ebu shadeIel ee-,
teIy) lie the loitis of Ilirt fathers of
thet congreg'.ation, who, forl coniscience j.
.ake', left homic and rinids 1111 braved
tlic perils if the sea to mke a new
hionii inl tie wihilirnIess. Foirmerly
this chlurch a.:is wvealilly, but tle warI?
dce'poiled it, (If moimst ')f itsi capital, even
tihe sacred vessels oIfl the -,coiiliilioln
tale and the organ having bien stolen
by herm's caimip hillowcrs. Tile
morgin, howvever,) was fon tututately re.
st-ored to1 the churlich atnd still accoml
plties tle praises fI the conigtegationi.
The luot chleb ' ii as it, staIds
todyis the PrehI,byteianI church-C
sti'pped (it its baldliess and ruggeniliess
and tIe low Episcoilm chulrlch. Sttraii
ger's caIIIII tell which it is. 'I'he cou
lessiin of' faith of' the kingdom of
-'rmice, which is tianslated i French
atl Enltisth ill the aIppeIIdix to the
liturgy, is as red hot Calvinism as any
thinzig fliriisIled from Geneva. The
cliirch has a u li ty iue l'I 01011 iv, a
wondeirIfu histor'y. It. reiiain the
only distinctive IIuguenot congrega
tio m all th Ia blroad land. I)tring
the cenitiries:if its existence it hiii ex
perienced firi, flood, iinvisioni, ear th
lluguenots~~ weitragl part of
the very lbegi ngiiii of' A zuericani his
tory. The firIst, Il'roiestlant settlemient
upo11111 this coiteiiinCiit wS~ itt .of J ean
li ibaut Iwithlin the presen IC5it limiits of'
South (Caroliina.
in i1 1t , thle date of thle settlemuent
oif thle city oif Chaorlestoin, a coloniy of'
Il uguen ts ari'iiveil, hayvin g been senut
01ut b~y the igl ish golverinentili to cuii
tivatec oil, winie and silk. But. the
ha rg.er miiig rat ionu caime ini 16(85 -t,
whleni Frzenichi l'r itetnts I )ekedi to
tiis State inl greati numbileris. Thtey
city anid thr iee ini thle coountry. Each
of these~i settlemeiits had( its church.
The thrieceihurches ini the count ry were
subsquieiit 13y mergedl inito the estabilishi
e'd chiurchi of' the e loiiy. The Church
of i'~ngi.landi becamie estabhilied ini
1 700;. Toi pooir to sulstain, ' offered
suppori)It for' their chuiirchi and iniisters~
b y lie (est ab lihed clhuirchi, they gra.
dually yieled, bitt they didi not con
. iorm to the l'piscopia a uthlority un ti]
-aft er thie deceose of thle II ugutenio
in mimisters. TIhie Iluiuimt0 icrc ini
f' Chat leston iretined its autoiioiiy ami
tettity atalh hlid it uitil todfay.
'.i'hie chuirebi here is the onuly chiurebi
ini America where fluguermot liturgies
tidt I iiugteiiot songs are still said andii
sung as oft11 ) yore. It proto1 typie was ai
Ismail uiper chambiner in, I'lieunne AIan
I i's hioutse ini *\Iaux, lin 5-10, the
hi (guii'not (chiurebi ini firoit of which
I thle first lluigiienioi pastir, thle irist
,lihlers andii the lederioh ithe first Iluguie
. nt conigregation were burinied to d1eathi
,at fourittin ilferenit staikes, siiiroiuind
I ed by w1epinlg wives aii chiireni',
.j ijint i it i h ieain ot the .oulv 'othe'ir
fr'omu thc saheu'i' of Franiice, andii the
sonigs iii Zioni wiichi nispirIei hiope andi~
still su w by their idesceindani"; paeansti
I iof iiiotsiii auI i'ry, irgesi' oif Amiiise
I clontouril, prise's fori the herioismu (of La
lichell, andiu t eartul r'eiiiiers of the
sorrowi'ifiil 'iglintg of' Ihie pr'isonrcis ini
l,a To'uri dc C~onistaince, and1( of the
exile's, biroke -hieartedl parenits ami
loc!ly cibiiren ini atlhelion for coni
8(e;i'nee sake aloneii.
At tis" iine the church is lie only
oneii oni thi cotitinerit which retamiis the
.lg dictive featuries 4)1 the lligueniot
seri'vice. The spiriitual conciierns of' thle
Ifiiiichurc are mianiaged by a cotisistory,
-coinposed of t.he notetr noid a hen,.h ir
eldors electeI by mImiibers of the cor
poratiol. Its teiporal concerns are
controlled by ftie corporation. The
conflessioni of faith was co(imposel by
John Calvin, anid is that adopted by
the Reformed Church in Fraiice ini
16,59. A lit urgal fotit has always been
u(sed and this >s believed to have be in
that of the church of Geineva. After
the fire of 17-10, which destroyed all
the recor(s of the itirch, the iLiturgy
of Neufehatel iiin Villaingin was
adopted ind(] is still in usme. Froni the
year 181t to 1811) the French languagc
Wa8 partially disusvd-preaching alter
nately bet ween this and th( English.
This gave much dissatisfaction and a
return to the exclusive use of French
wits made. But that toligue hiad large
ly ceased to be spoken or understood,
and in 1828 It, was decided to employ
only the English tongue in the service.
''hie French liturgy was referred to an
eminent committee for traislat ion, and
it has ever since been used. Some
changes were made inl tho order and
arrangement, of the Liturgy of Neuf
chaltel and Villangin, aUd some addi
tions, Copied from the book of the
French cliirch in 1,ondon and kindred
ouVICeS. Somei occasional and col
cludingi prayersi were suptilied, and the
sorces fron which the Ioik of Com
111011 1'rayer Was Ill unishied were lanil
in11i.r tribuitte. As the lelormed
(iChurch oI irane aid 11> bin ial ser
vice, the I'lunerals beinug ill sileice and
at ighlt because otherwise prolhibited
by the governmniit, the '''iommtittee li
vither to prvparc onle enltirely niew or
adopt onle al ready ili use. They clhiose
the scriptural aii1l impressive burial
service (f the 'rotestant -piscolia
church, atil followig,, the example of
the Church oif FranCe, the 1kluinot
chureb las always observed (hristmiias,
Good Friday and Eustet-.
Case Involving Validity of the
So-Called 'Slavery" Contracts.
Scal to The Sta(e.
A NDi-:nIN,INI Alay 7. -.la&1strate Wil.
s'on1 had at case befole him \ cstecrday
invlving one of these sIavery oIt r*Icts
abollt whieb we have heard so much
It was tl e ease of tile State vs. Alex
W~illuis. Mr. L.. It. Watsoi had pail
$150 to get Willi:unis out ofj ail amid
Williais sigined a slivery eontract to
make I crop with Watson. lie brike
the cotraict aiii W'itson indicitd lun.
Messrs. Ioniai & Watkins reice
seIt (4 the St ate an41 Quit it Ieam ill
'oehiraii thlie defeninlait . A fler liarin
the case Maistrarte Wilson rIieine.d
the followinig deicianm, upon the ren
dering (f which, notice (f tlppel'I Was
()n file third day (1 .h uary, 1901,
Alex Williams, eing imdelted to .1. S.
Fowlerl for 10. bonild amil hired him
self to L. It. Watson to work for lum111
for the year 1 110 to secure the payment
of the uaid .15. Froi Ilie evidence
before ie Alex Wiiallis has iieglected
and refused to pe form tht(lie work re
<luired of litiii iin said contracts ani
iov I. It. Watson ha proseclited him
for violation of contract. This is a
criininal aictioni to eInfOriCie 0' jioniish a
laborer for violating a civil coiitract.
In ordler to render a labiorer liable
crimiially for violititi (if a civil coin
tract the contract, must lie such a con.
tract as is set out inl the statutes. Sec
tiont 288 of v'olumie 2, revised statutes,
providles what. must lie set outt. in a
conitract to retier one liable criminiallyv
for its violationi. lFirst, such cuontract
miust, c:lary set forth the condit ions
'upon which the laborer enigageus to work.
becoitl, the length of time. Third, thet
amoutt of mionley to be paid. Fourth,
aiid whiein. This coauract does conttain
lie leiigthIiI of iene the haboier is la
woik, but it is impossible for me to uni
dlerstai upon whait coriilitions lie is t<
work. Nor is it piossibhIe for1 ine to (Ic
termiine from the conitract what n age
are to be paid Alex Williams, and in
timei is mientionied when any wage:
are to be paid to him. Ini fact, thlerie
is5 no0 proise iin lii. coiitract tol ma
himi any wages at all. For thlesw rea
sons I decide thle defemiiant, is not
guilty. Th'is contract not. beinie suchi
a1 cotrct as2. remiers a laborer huable
to puniishmentl ei iinually for violating.
Aga'ini, thIiis conti c I 11Is onie of thiose
coiinrats in which the laborer ag'rees
to biind himuiself 14o lbe locked up aiiil
wh'ippedco, etc. Such ai conitract is opi
piosedl toi pubilic fpoli(cy andii is thierefore
null mi vo0id, mauil the <b feimhii e'1nn
ntot lhe p~uniishe(d foi vioilatling& a iiuil
and14 voidl contr act. It was arguied thiait
while these poii~ons opposeid 1to pub
lie piolicy arc null am12( void the othier
parts oif flhe contract are still in force
ami binidinig. ' Ins is niot aii action re
< lii ing mue to separaiute the void pro.
visions fron thle vaild provisionis if
thiere miIe any4 such, hut simpijly to punii.
ishi a laborer fori viiolatig this conitract
as a whoile anid Iherefore I hol liat
this contra~ct in piart and in whole is
absolutely niull and void ini so far as
this prosecuil iOn is conucernedo. Thle dle
fenidanrt is iiot. guilty and1( it is ordIered
that lie lbe dischairged.
1I. 1'. WVi V.oN , Maigisltrate.
A Negro Bishop Advocates the
Ranilshmient of All Criminals.
lIishuop ienrmy M . Turniiem, oif thie
A fricani M ethodIist. cliiureb,4 advocat es
the banishment oif all negro crimuinals.
In a sen moii recenitly pr'ileahd ini the
city of Macon, he dleclared that the
1111(ted States govermn mentI shou IiId e
piol t aill the, black outlaws to Africa,
aiiii expressed the opimion that if a
few stealinshlil lines were establish ed
bietweein thne Southern pmrts alndli te
)a rk Cont iinenit a profit ale conutnerce
might, thereby lie built upUf. It may li
the bilshop did not intend that lie
shotil li taken aerionely hy hi fe..ow
Two lImdered bushels of po
tators remove eighdty pouinds
of "ltual 'otashfrm the
n-;s this quantity
eI' L Iu rlC to the soil,
the followIminIe_ Crop -will
alt ri1ay decrease.
v.- Ioloks telling about
c,,eln " ot.l unm aild Vahue of
-h -r varnous crops.
- . Ly are sent Irce.
-.; N o nsa St.,
T ~ < New York.
citizens, generally; that hik obje was
merely to Impress uioni his own race,
118 forcibly a114 wissible, his condt-emn-11..
tion of niegro oitlawry inl tle hop15e of
bringing ablt bet ter conditionis. Ile
uis49t knoIw that, the Federal govern
ment ias 1o jurizidiction over the Iua
jority of the crimiiinal acts Committed
bly the blacks, that th1e pun ishment of
them devolves upon tle courts of the
different States, an1d that their judicial
tribumias r.re debarred from ifhe in
llieion of that forn1 of punishm1ent,.
ll this isIot the Only obstacle in the
way (of t11h bishop's pun itive programu.
('r1innins eild not( be lraisported to
A fric a withloit the Consent of tile pow
CIS wich exercise sOverigity over it,
Sinl it is very certain that no One of
theiml would be willing to extelnd a
weh'11le to liisereants, eILhILI' wilite O'
It may be, however, that Bishop
Turerilt 1d in view thLe fact that, Thom.
Jefersw, when he was4 presidenit, and
-aihns Monroe, when ih e *was governor
41 \'irginia, hait lengthy and in(ter
esting torrespond I Ience onl Lie question
,4 the establishment of* at black penal
44 1 ton Iy. The ImitialI move in the lillt
4er was Imade I)y the Legislature of
Virgina, whib directed Moiroe to so
liit thiel gmi )1 oflices of te Federal gov
erlitnit Iin endeavoring to obtain1 per
mnission frm4)Ii the Sieria Leone con
IaIIy to) Senld to t1hat, COlIny 804110 4ne
eiltht had inlstigated anl 11nsur1
retel 4ill agaillst the Stiate governinent.
.-.lefe 44ll V4 te to (ie A i ricall 1i in
ister' Ill 1in 441 1 4n the subject, but
Ilothiig eime Of t1 e applicatioil. Ill
discisslig the iue' ion, Jefferson did
Illt hIink 111 either Spain or Great
liritain woihl be wikingtr to sell to tile
l4ited StAtes any part of thoiu pos
40ssiols f44 1s41 h a1 purpose, inl <loubt
ii whthe1r e Ive tle Indianls could be
induced to) do so. Bishop Turner's
idea, it will be seen, is not new. It
wIs inl (IINCIsusionl by1 a State, the Fed
eral and at least one foreign govi'In
mnt,1 m the erly pt ofh (te last cel
tiry, and had4 as its advocatcs, the
gretatest, and 0ne of tie greatest of
)mtnoratic statesieni. It is, so to say,
a mort of .1eIferson-Monroe penalogical
r'itoiali conit~i1ions of thie presenit, daly
were1' in existunee,' when4 Jleffer'soni,
Monro 10 d th41 le V ir4ginia IluegisIt1ure
wer1e ini correspondence& 1Cw ith respect
Ito a111441 peiion, one14 wouIld have1' been
establishied. 11114 the Uniiited StateIs
then owneId Alaskai4, the l'hlippinies,
llaIwanI , (4r any4 of1 theI0 other ishtinds we
Ilve a1Cqu4ired in thie h:ist eightly or1
n1inety yea(r1s, some1 Cone4 of them 1 m144ight 1
Virginia4 1)uoi the4 4o411er "'outhern'4 Slates
wereI then! ful a113'liveC 1.4 th t4 hinlger4s of
n1egro upri4sin4gs, 11nd( wouhl~ 44o1. lutve
hesitalted to adop)14, eergetic measures4.'
.1leffersonno 111 arilty wa.s so4 '(trong~ in
() 'ogrss 1144t it could(1 1 have carr1'ied out
with Vijrgii edn h a hr
ennl he littlhe doubtl~ 1hl shei would halve
indu4(ced ii all' Sout44hernii sisters4 to) foi
low hier. Shiverwy hiavinag been abol1)
ished44, the4 social1 11144 po4litical condii
lions which1, durlintg its existenice, inl
spirt th4 Ie pjei ct , are no 44 loniger 1p
eralive, but44 1n thle o1pinion 01' the Afr'i
can .\ethlodist bishop a1 er 14uinal State
of'1 affairs hats a14 isn wh'iiiicihlimakes (lhe
con41sideration of th1(le 01(1 pr'opositionl
v'ery near14ly unpiieraltive.
'li be pr estion4 4114 n tra i llyuggests it
seil' ii the more'. hei(nous11 cri mes comi~
44ni1tted by bh114ck mi en sinhub be pun4
ished bly ban41ishment444, whby not)1 deaul
(Dut tIhe 14 am1e measure11 ofl ju1stice to
whiite's that l 114 stan ite sam4ie ciinial
ca1tegory? Wh ly 14m~ke fish of on14 anld
lesh of the( other4:? 'he ICCOSt of Crimel,
that11 is Ilihe11411 anua taion, i(14 Fdel1,
State, coun141ty, olty'1114 and town, 04n aC
bliShed'I )'14(04 by a ((4441.141tlior'ity to be
upwIardIs 4o f lJ(0,0001,000)Q per anum11.
The).( gre't'army of'44 il341ill als ait lar ige in1
(the (:ount41ry is (estimated cc alt 350,000.
These 14( ig44e are 14' of star4tlinog signlili
cance(:. il ight nt (lhe certalinty of life
bam shimenti have (lie effect of turn'inig
a large percLenitage of' these ouitlaws
from11 teir4 4 vil ways?
4)1 farmir g Iands. Itasy p'aymnts. No
cononi 44ssions4 cha4rg44i, Horrower pays ac
tunt costn~ of perftoenng loani. IntLerest 7 p)or
cent4. uip, aIccordli'.. to security,
(olumhbia. H. (J
Miore' callaI 1141 han wocan1 PossIbly till. Guar
41414o position51 bs baclkedl by $5000. Courses
uniioi 14e4I. Eniter anfy time. Uataloguo froo
A44(4 rhss.3 Ct:Mul NIA 4iU8iNE1088~ [0aLBOEI
Cob.u NSA, S. C

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