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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, May 30, 1901, Image 1

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Mc'Laurin's Defer
The following is the main portion of
C., on the 22nd of May, by Hon. John
Fellow-citizens: Tle political Re
formation of 1800 had for its main
object the ndependence of thought
and action on the part of the people in
political affairs. it was this that made
me a " Reformer." A white primary,
where the white people of the State
could settle their differences among
themsel ves. In part it has accomplish
ed its object in spite of the efforts to
diwarI it mnto a one-man movement.
Its leader has not been content for it
to be complete, and has attempted
more than once to <ictate who should
and who should not ie elected to office.
All revolutions of this kind go farther
thaii its originators design, 110 power
can contiol thei.
Men who suppose that the " move
ment" of 1890 was a mere efferves
cence to give ullice to a favored few
are greatly iistaken. Some of the best
and truest have never held office, and
the time is coming when those who
betrayed and prostituted this great
movement into a " one-man power " I
and mere scramble for the "loaves and
the fishes "1 will be held to an account.
I stand to-<ay just where I stood in
1890, with the added experience of ten
years of study and contact, with public I
men and affairs. I thank (otd that one
thing has been accGmplislied. The
people have been disenthralled and on- t
lightened, and will never be satisfied d
with the accoplllishment of anything C
less than the full purpose of the move- 1
inent--free thought, free speech a fair s
ballot and rule of the people. This m
niust and shall be the final outcome.
No attempt to break down the reforms I
nearly acconplished can succeed. The t
natural and inevitable consequence of d
that revolution must follow. Nothing t
can stay them. M
Fellow-citizens: It affords ine great a
pleasure to address 3 ou to-day. I thank 1
you for the honor and the opporLunity.
I recognize the fact that I am your
public servant, and am accountable to a
the people who elected me for my
stewardship. This responsibility of
public ofice is the great conservative
and preservative force in our republi- ti
can form of government. It is the g
province and duty of a Representative 11
to study all important public questions 1
:11d form a judgment as to their effect f
oi the wellare of the people. To do a
this, lie must at tines act independent- b
ly and lead public sentiment rather 8
than blindly follow what is reputed to d
be the majority. It is his duty to study t
national problems and vote according
to his hest lights and honest convic
tions, leaving the heial decision as to a
the wis(loiof his course to tile people. b
As for myself, I acknowledge no master
save the sov'ereign people, speaking at
the ballot-box, and I refuse to obey b
the dictates of any political Boss, eith- c
or in or outside of South Carolina. a
Thies ismy Conceptiono the rights,
course since my election has been pro- t
*jected along the line of discretion and
accountability. In voting on great -
national issues 1 hlave considered the 0
*best interests of the South and the h
-country rather than the implractical re0
sults to flow from a rigid adhlerence to 0
p)arty lines. It is passing strange that -1
some of the 11en1 elected to Cong'ress a
ini 1892 should criticise me for doing ~
wVhait they solemnly pledgedl themselves 0
to do. Doni't you remember that anc
Alliance Delegation was elected in
1892 pledged not, to be bound by a
D ]emocratic caucus, but to vote for i
measures calculatedl to benefit the 8
* nation at, large, irrespective of party? tE
.1 feel like recalhngi thie words, 4 Oh,
Lord Gbod of Ihosts, Lest we forget, t
Lest, we forget."
Political parties undIer our form of
goverlnmenlt are a necessity. They r
grow out, of the political relations r
establishecd b~y tihe governmenlt itself.
Tihere0 have been si-ce Ilhe b)irtlh of the
niationl and always will be two great
political parties, if there were noe real
issues they wouIld divide andl fIght e
over the mere spoils of ollice. These
dlitferenices originated in thle dliverse
views enitertainied when our Constitu
tion was ad~opted1 as to what conisltit
0(1 die proper functions of tile govern
P'arty platforms have always been i
supposedl to be the exponents of these
(utilofttesrgtadfoviews. A bloody Civil war settledl tile I
qluarter of a century tihe wavling of thei
"bloody-shirt " on the one sidle and (1
Athe " nuigger inl tihe wood-pile '' oil the
other 'onistituited the dilvidling hues. I
say that every man, on a purely sec
tional qjuestion, like white supremacy,
is a traitor andl a renegade who (lees niot
standh by his own section and his own
people. I say that any man), on domestic
problemIls, problemls of internial coni
cern, should1(, as far as possible, bow
to the behests of his party. If 1he
cannot agree with his party on ques
tions of this kind, lie should, if possi.
ble, find a party wvith which lhe ila In
.accordl. I assert, follow-citizens, that
it is almost a crime for any party to
imake great, b~road1, non-political Ameri
can mieastures, involving the p)olitical
and1( comnmercial dlevelopment of tile
nathini, the test of party fealty. issues
essential to tile maintenlance of the
honor and prestige of the nation are
se of His Cause.
he speech delivered at Greenville,
F. McLaurin, U. S. Senator:
too vital to be relegated to the plar
of partisan and sectional contentioi
Out of changed industrial and econ<
mic conditions have grown great ni
tional questions pertaining to the mi1
terial inteiest of the country, wiic
must be considered and settled by ti
silent force, the reserved patrioti'sm C
the people.
Fellow-citizens: There is no greate
menace to the stability of our govern
onent than a large minority in tl
American Congress voting upon broad
vital, ion-partisan American question
rom purely sectional considerations
[ am a Democrat, honestly desirous o
enailing so, and witnessing the tri,
imph of the party to which I am at
ached by association and heredity. I
vas never contemplated by the foun.
lers of that party that it should becotii
I purely sectional affair, yet to-day
here is no Democratic party capabl<
>f making itself felt outsidie of thl(
bouth. In the North and West, it i
iermented with socialism, and has
Iwindled away into the party of a sec
ion, not a nation. I (o not propose,
however, to pursuc this line of thought;
t is painful and can accomplish nu
:ood purpose.
Beginning with the panic of 1893,
here has never been such rapid in
ustrial changes in any country. These
hanges ivere in progress, and our war
rith Spain served as a flash-light to
how us what was going on. In 1896
re had a campaign uponk the money
uestion. Everything was depressed.
fel seeking employment, cotton under
ve cents, wheat below the cost of pro
uction, and idleness, discontent, (is
:ust and misery everywhere. We
rere told that the salvation of the
ountry depended upon the free coin
ge of silver. I believed then, and I
clieve now, that theoretically we were
ight; but new and unforeseen forces
ame into play, and I have enough
anse to recognize the fact that the
iestoration of confidence," about
ihich Mr. Cleveland talked. and about
!hich I did not know enough at the
me to understand, the discovery of
old in the Klondyke, the iniiix of
ioney from abroad seeking invest
tent, and the increase in banking
icilities, for the time at least, have
Aittled the money question, and no
ody but a fool would make a " free
Iver'' speech now. Instead of a
Dpleted treasury, there is in it to-day
ic largest aimloui, of gold in the his
>ry of the country, and actually the
Bcretary of the Treasury, a few weeks
o, deposited money in a Spartan
urg bank, something that has never
en done before in the history of our
tate. I have been listening for some
ody to cry out " Republicanism," be
tusc I was instrumental in begi-ining
movement which I hope in the future
iay enable our farmers and ierchaits
secure money at a lower rate of in
Another great change as thle result,
10 panic of 1893, is thme rapid (level
pment of our export, trade. Our
ome markets failed us, mlanufancturers
>undl themselves with immense stocks
[ goods on hand and mobody to b~uy
loen, this forced them to seek markets
broad, and one enterprising firm in
irir inghlam, Ala., shipped 250 tonls
f iron to Europe. At that time iron
auld be bought for $6.00 per ton in
firmiinghlam, and this small shipment
ix years ago was the beginning of the
130,000,000 worth of ironi that we
hiipped abroad last year, 300,000 toils
omng fromn Alabama.
To-dIay, enltire Europe is alarmed at
be developmenit of our conmmerce, and
re see every (lay indicationls of a trade
ombine on the part of Europe against
be United States, In the financial
rorld, insteadl of dlependling upon Eu
ope as we (lid seven years ago for our
20ncy, Enigland, G ermiany and RIussia
have recently had to comel to New
(ark to place their government loans.
have givenl nothing but, a mere out
ine, and yet, I ask any man withlin the
ound of my voice if these facts (do no0t
resent a totally changed condition.
hie Spanish war suddenly awoke us
0 tile fact thait our country was one
f the groat comimercial and p~olitical
>owers of the world.
.Believing as I do that, there n' a vital
ssues which, growing out, of changed
ndustrial conditions, are higheor and
>r'oadler thani mere p)arty questions, 1
.iave, as your Senator, looking beyond
,he line marked by sectionalism and
)artisaniship, striven to p roinote thle
naterial, political andl commlnercial in
crests of our commiioin country-for ir
1o doing, I cani biest, serve thme miterestm
>f the Statec of South Carolina. Foi
.his I have beii arrignied before the
people of this State aind charged witha
illyinig myself with lihe I lepublicar
party. Criticism, abucse anid gross i
represenltationi has been indulged in
Not contecut with this~ unmfair method oi
rittack, sonme of the papers in their viki
persecution have deceived the p~eophl
by withholding information on on
sidle of these great, nationial issues am
emlphasizing anld punblishing everythumi
on the other. T1hey have persistenmtl2
held me up as a renegadeQ, and1( on mnore
than 0on0 occasion alleged that 1 in
tended to resign and accept a lFederai
appointment. Amid all this persecu
ion I have mainingd my sihee
confident that when an oppoi un
was offered, the people would see til
I received fair play, and that tb
would at least accord me honesty
There are two question that I st
mit to the people of South Carolii
First. Am I honest in the viewi
advocate? Second. Am I mistake
As to the first. All that I have
say is that my people have shed th,
i. blood for South Carolina in every cc
test in which she has ever been c
gaged. I was born in South Caroli:
e 1 took my wife in South Carolina, ni
- when I (lie I expect my bones to
laid beside five generations ot honi
- men and true women who have goi
before. 1 have children who mu
h bear my name, good or bad. Eve
t dollar that I have is invested in ti
f State, except a small amount in Nor
Carolina and Florida. My interes
r are inseparably interwoven with ti
- interest of my State, no good can con
i to her in which I cannot participat
and no evil of which I must not be
i my share. If I wanted to have n
easy time, I certainly chose the hai
road. I might have drifted with t1:
current, sang " me, too," and co
- tined to hold office. I had prett
good tutelage and an illustrious c
anple in my early political career i
the arts of demagogery, and could d
it again in a ipich. But fellow-cit
zens, the "1 game isn't worth the catl
(ie." If I can't be a Senator, worth
the great statesmen whom I succeed
I do not wish to hold the oflice. I d
in'A claim to be infallib!c, and the tim
has been when I would gladly hav
been convinced that I was wrong, an
thus enabled to escape from the posi
tion which at times was almost unen
durable ; but, fellow- citizens, I I
longer feel that way. 1 (10 not wis
now to be convince(d. When a mat
has suffered for a cause it become
very dear to him, and I think that i
would break my heart it I could fin<
now that, after all, it is a mistake, an<
that I have been deceived by a miragi
in the bleak desert. I am human
and have my full share of the frailt,
aind vainity which go with poor, weal
hiuman nature. I look back to som
things that I have said and done, an(
1 know that I was wrong, and I wisl
it were otherwise. But, fellow-citizens
twice within the last thren years I hav<
felt that I was very near the time whet
I would have to stand before the ba
of a just God, who knows the secreti
of my innermost soul, and I felt tha
lie would mercy have for petty frailtiet
and short-comings, and give me credi
for the earnest and honest effort, fol
the sacrilices which I had made t<
0%rv the ueut,and Uighesi interest o
my State and country. I am not afrait
to meet my God and stand upon in
public record--why, I hen, should
fear any tribunal here below ? I on
wish that my life as a man was as sin
less and free from reproach as it is a
your public servant. Charges of cor
ruption have been rife in South Caro
lina during the past ten years, but m,
worst enemies have ntevercharged thal
a dirty dollar has ever crossed the palin
of my hand.
Fellow-citizens To a man wh<
loved society and that sort of thimg, V
seat in the Senate may be a prize wortl
having, but to me, it is of no valu<
save to further the best cause to which
I am devoting the best years of m3
life. I am in tile Senate for whatJ
can get for South Carolina, not to fur
ther miy personal interests. D)o yet
suppose that I enjoy being flayed alive
anid called all sorts of pet nrames by th<
growling, grumublinig Gonizales, and the
whiininig, cringing dlysp)eptic IHemphiill
It does not worry me very much, for:
knowv that there is one kind of an ani
miai that will growl just for the pleas
urc of growling, and1 another that wil
whine, especially when milk is scarce
Thecre is a good dheal of growling an
wvhining just now because of a fes
Federal plums that have been droppin
arounmd, but [ notice that it all com
from the direction whlere none ar
dlropping or likely to drop. From oh
servation 1 infer that there are a plenlt
of Gold D~emoc rats, Silver D~emocrati
II ryan IDemocrats, Cleveland Dem<
crats, McKinley D)emocrats, Tillma
D emocrats, Mec[,auri n Democrats, an
Democrats none of whom object to
job) uinder "' Uncle Sam."
Now, fellow-citizens, 1 want, to sa
01ne wordl on thuis subject. 1 (do n(
enntrol, 1 (do not profess to control,
(md otish to control, nor will I be
conmc resp~onsiblei for, tile Federal p~at
ronamge in South Carolinia. On accoun
of my lib~eraul views, andl what, hle
pleasedl to consider my platriotic stani
for broadl American (doctrines, the Pree
ident has (lone me the hlonor to con
suilt mue on certain occasions as to Sout
Carolina appointments, Hie has don
so, to myl) certain kinowledge, with Ser
ators Norgan, Sullivan, McEnery, an<
other D~emocrats. 1 appreciate it b<
yond~ measure, for a wiser man, a true
patriot, andl a more kindly Christia.
gentleman, never occuipled the WVhit
Ihouse than William McKimley. I be
hieve I have his confidence and~ frient
sipI, and1( there is no treasure that
value more highly. I would not hav
it, and( 1 could niot retain it were I
Itraitor to my State and people. 1]
honors me, because he knows as we
as any man living, how much I los
my native State. When lie expresse
a desire to be tihe P'residlent of tI
whole country andl not of a sectioi
why should I not meet him half way
When lie is willing that tile patrol
who support a postofilce in South Ca
ohina should be consulted as they al
1min Vermont, Massachusetts anid Ohi
-why should I, as your Senator, stick
I pitch-fork into his vitals ?
- Ah, fellow-citig~cna, if I have Co
-trolled any patrmnne. it. hna hnean
ity the public interest, not my own.
mat nephews of miell have beeni coin
ey sioned in the United States Army.
of have had no son drawing a large
ary, traveling this State at goverum
ib- expense, mamipulati ng political att
a: for me. Take tLi 3 postoilice at Aik
i I of what personal interest is it to
n? who fIlls it ? It does not put a do
to into my pocket and I do not get
Ar mail there. I believe in the rule
n. the people, and I want to see the ti
n. come when the patrons of the oli
a, those who support it, shall name
,d postmaster just, as they do the she
be and clerk of the court. Who do 1
'at suppose the people of Aiken prefer
ie postmaster- a man who is identil
ast with the town, Iorn and reared aim
ry them, or a citizen of another Str
is with no interest in the town or peo
thI further than to use them for his o
ts personal advantage ? Who is not ev
lc willing, after death, to permit, his cli
c to mingle with the soil of South Ca
, lina, but had hisi body shipped 1o
, to Connecticut for burial, where I
, told his family are soon to follow hI
d I prefer one of our own people, citll
c white or black, to birds of passat
l. who invest no money here, and
y away when there are no ollices I
them. Let it be understood that
a gladly welcome any good man w
comes heze seeking a loimle, who i
vests his muoney and becomes one of a
own people ; we exteind to sucl nn. 0
y the right hand of fellowship, and lie
entitled to all the honors, social, poli
c cal and commercial, which his abili
e and character command. That is n.
what. we mean by " Carpet-bagisni
: South Carolina. Some people, 10
ever, are so disturbed because L
. President has appointed a man who
Stile people of Aiken have elected Mlay
of their town twice, and who is a I
Sfinied and courteous gentleman, th
l they are preferring chiarges again
I him in Washington ; this is doine fi
i political purposes and I weli undt
Istand it as a lick at me, not Mr. Clia
3 fee. Who should be District Attorm
of South Carolina ? A brighit, eiierg
tic young man, raised ill) here in th
beautiful mountain city, or a foreign
and outsider ? I admilt one of t-lie be
of his class ; but, fellow-citizens, Soul
Carolinians are good enough for in
Now when appointments were ma<
absolutely repugnant, to the wishes ai
the traditions of our people, I was ti
only one who held up a confiriata
in the Senate. Now when a gentl
man, like Mr. Chaffee or ,John Caper
the soii of a Confederate Brigadier, wil
L four Yankee bullet-holes in his bod
now the Bishop of South Carolina,
, iade by the President, not, for politic
f purposes, but as an indication of h
I good will towards tile people not on
of Scuth Carolina, but of the South,
see a threat, in the papers that the co;
firiation is to be fought. .1 f that
politics, if that is Democracy, then (i
save me from such infamy.
There is one thing that I have n(
heard much of a kick about, the loi
of the government exhibit at BuTa
to Charleston. I beheve, boweve
somebody else claims the credit. Ti
is all right with me, it matters not wi
gets the credit, just so the city
Charleston gets the friendly hand of th
government in a great enterprise i
which the whole State is intereste<
Irrespective of pe1rsonl and politic
differences,1i am willing to join hans
with my colleague in the Senate ani
the members in thme Ilouse in secuirii
>an app~ropriationl to reimbu~trse Ciharle
ton for all expeCnses incuirredl. If v
lay aside little dlitferences and ever
Sbody goes to work as one man53, it ca~n I
(dine. 1 want to say here, in justice
Senator Tillman and myself, we a
both capable of rising high enoughm n
to permit anything to interfere with
matter of such general interest to t
IState. I will even go one hetter a1
Vagree, if Charleston gets the appr
prliation, to give all thle credlit to
"c Gentleman from Mexico.''
C I have just cone or two more tin
to say on the Iirst, question I am d
Scussing. My intimate friendos kmn
' that it has been my (desn-e to ret
-from public life. 1 had dletermin
never againi to undertake the canva
d of this State,andl were it not, that I f
a I owed it to tihe 1)eop)1 of South Cam
lina to discuss these issues anid eiial
them to act intelligently by placi:
Y themselves in touch with tle bc
t thought of the age, I would not 1
I here to-day. T1he people0 of this Sta
gave [me tihe grandest chance that. i
- young man has had sinec the wvar, nz
t I fully realize time opportunity a'
a dluty. I never dlaubted for onec moime
.1 but if allowed to present my case fair
1- to tile people1, I would 1)e re-elected
- the Senatec. I have inot miade a ye
hi that caii 1)e successfully assaailedl, sa
e upon01 narrow partisani grounds. Ilha
-however, determined iiot to runi on ii
I count of my health. Thme campumi
1897 left ine a physical anid imen i
r wreck. My physician hmais reli,eate
ni said that I could not standc cmtheri mec
.0 tally or physically tihe strain ofi xu
another campaign. Withini thlet
-. months past, however, my heal t h
I beenm wondlerfully improved anid I a
'0 ready for the fray. I desire lhe'e a
a now to tell tile o Huoses " (in and <i
de of the State) wvho hiave decreed
11 political dleath, that I defy I 1om. 'T
e0 only way they can defeat ime is to ri
dI me out of thle primnary and thus pirev<
0 the people from expr'essinig thiemiselv
4, Let them, if they dare, precvent whi
? men from passing juidlimen it at I
1s ballot-box upon these gmreat natioi
r- Issues. One thing more cn the qu
'e tion, Am I h)onest / Those who kii
0, me and1 are liy f riends will never
a licye anything else. TPo those who
fair and unprejudiced, I say, give
a- ani impartial hecaring, and ifyo
in not. convinced vnte agili mle LI.
No we will still respect eaich other. F<
Ilis- Imy enemiCs, hoe who would conden:
I me unhcard, the growlers and whil
3al- ers, I carm ntot a red cent what thi
unt think, so long that I know that, I a
urs honest.
eil A31 I MISTAKEN ?
MC I desire now to take up some of iu
lar votes .and speechies, and address i,
mi1y self to the question, Am I mistaken
of When I was placed on the Ways III
[ile Means Conmittee of the IIouic, I b
ce, gaI a systematic course of reading c
the the tariff question with reference to i
riiT elfect upon the people of the Souti
'oil II March, 1897, 1 made a speech i
for which I embodied iy views. I ha
id offered anl amendment for a duty (
ng two tand one-half cents per pound o
te, cottoii imports, and had Iade a figli
plC in the Committee for a proper sciedul
yn oil rice, pin( lumber, tlrpentini, col
en1 ton seed oil, oil cake, juto-bagging
Ist, Cottoil ties and tile coarse graide 0
'o- goo(ds male inl our Southern mille
Ile This is neither the lime nor the plio
ki to go into a 1iscussioll of the Iariff.
Ill. can 81111 it up ill the statement that I
d(id 'lot diculiss the question from i
:e, theoretic or philanthropic stand-point
113' but merely chimed a full share for tit
or South of all the henefits to accrue fron
Ve legislation, I.1 recogiiized the fact thal
110 our revenues were to conic from tht
ii- ililpositioll of impolI dllies, and as.
ur serteld 11111, this beig true, it was but
c fair to givo each section and inidustr
is a share of the beinelits, as the burden
i- Illuist be borne by all. I attacked the
ly doctrine of free raw mal erial as a clan
ot destine and 111njust formi of protection.
in I traced its iiustory and1(1 showel that it
V- Wa-1s devised and offered to the manu
10 facturers of the East by Mr. Cleveland
Im ill his irst, race, as a form of protec
3r Lion. In other words, ioger M. lills,
e- the chii1rman of the \Vars 1and Means
lit Coiilittee of tilie Ilouse', was sent up1)
St into the New Elngliaiid States to offer
or theni this "' left-linded protection,"
r- while free trale wiS talked inl tle
f- South and West. It wias a mere party
'y expedient to catch votes. I think that
l-in) political par-ty will "eer attempt
is againsh monli tr o injuistce. 11
means that (he farmie1s ini this countryw
it shiall Ibe forkced to buiy in a reStrieteil
b1 1market and then ii sell al of hir pro
3. (Ilts ill Coipetitlioll wih(l tle paulp er
l labor of the world. I made this light
I for Sout hern industries while a iilm
i her of the IIouse, when I had 110 idea
i in the worild of going into tle Senate.
You all remember what universal
, chorus of approval there was. Sena
Stolis Tlillnani, Baconi, Clay and others
, took up the same line in the Senate.
iS The News and Courier, tile Columbiai
d State an1(d nilnety per cent(. of the pa
1" pers of tle South cImmended my
Y course. I hazard little in saying had I
I never b.eein at cauididate for the Seniatel
- the wisdom of my course wouil never
i have beeii questioned. I was strongly
I rged to Iuni for the Senate in 18z.,
but I did not wish to leave tle Ways
1and -Mmaus Committee, and besides A
>t was tholoughl ly disgusted with tile con
n1 ditioni of affaiis inl South Carolina. I
0 Could hiear of iiothing but "t tcharges of
. corruption," 11 bond deas ," "1 whiskey
rebates," etc. I dill not wish to lie
0 nixed up in such an a ffair ; however
,f it might eveiiuate, a n coul(l iiot
but feel lowered and degrlided by comn
i lg inl Contact with such ilth. I felt
I'irasOibly SUIr t i1hat tiei that. I
il could havi been f elected to the Heiiate.
s i wa's aissuried, by onle aiuthonrzed to
d speaik, that,. ,lge lEarle wouild not be
Sa canidate11 if I rani ; but1 1 coincludled
.to goi Oni a odt iiet way and
c work out my13 dest iny ini the l louse.
p 'Tlis wais not1 to be, however. it was
me nut intended m that my lines shoul fall
Lo ini easy places. Th'lat pure man, chiv~'
re- lru genitlemanl and1 upright ,Judge
lit your lownusman and1 illy piredecessor
a iivedl but. a few short weeks. Governo
's. Ellerbe tendered me the niominat~ioni
ni I realized thle radical na~tuire of sonme o
o.. my3 utteramices and1( voles, and while
h~e coul hniot foresce what, bas lwppilenied
I knewy imy nat ure well enough to fee
o- certain thatst hiavinhg oncie enilisted it
j. the fight I woul never turn bacd
ny while life lasted. I, therefore, reCfulse
re to aiccept thie ap~poinitmieiit at (lie hamiih
rsd of G overnor Illierbe uinless hie wvouk
a~s guarantee (liat (lie Executive Commit
31i. tee would order a primary and permil
'o- the peoplie to piass upon (lie issues
le which I had raised.
ig C .a lu oi O 1897.
st It. is unnieces-ary for ime to refer to
io that hittecr light. You all rememiber'
to (lie meeting ini Greeniville, whmere I wtas
iy i nsulIted, bullieid and1 baiited like some1(
id wild beast, ; it wits a sammple of some of
1(d the rest. For miyself t amn willing to
it "ILet the dead past bury its dead."''
ly have nio ill-feelhn1g towards an~y one on
to iiccounit of it,. I spoke, I beOlieve, mi
to ini every counlty ini the State outside of
'e my C onigressminal IDistrict except three.
d , I ad vocated mys views not only on (he
c- tariff but oni what I conisidliered tile lea]
ol line of policy' to be puirsumed by South
al e rimn 1' preseintatives. I carried about
iyeighmty 1p(r cent. oif thie vote east, aoll
1 e 0very coiunity3 excelp.ti thre, which were
I lost fr'omI local con siderat ions by sniall
1n marginP~ls. I w i.sh I had timeii to reconi i
Is to th 1le people1 what (lie ice schiedulie
mi which I got ito that bill, has done foi
oh thme rice phanters (in the coasts of Souti
ilL Carihni ia, thle Waste pilaces it hias re
iy deemied, the thmous:ius of dL llars it hii
h~e 1brought m iito t his S tate. Whait. th du1 I ll
dle onm ine has done for the lumiber inter
nit ests, wildh werme hieing Saiut~iled to Eli
0s ht m ilported free of duty fror
ite Canada.~ The Northm, which is alma
he0 btare of timber, instead of goimgt
ta Canada, hias been5 forced to go South:
135- and( that ha1s putE thiouisandsi of dollai
>W into this Statec. TIhere is no telliii
>e- what ani arrangement of (lie schedul
tre oni ottoii goodls so) as to prevent dIi
mne c rimnination against course fabrics, hi
ire Imeant to (lie cotton mills of' the South
en Thia ia not (li hpi,.,. to ep.a,., ..,i.
)r the retention of the home market
nmans wheln- a imanufacturer seeks a
i- foreign outlet. I will refer, however,
y to the duty on raw cotton, which I ad
n Voented at the time. Cotton, corn an(
wheat are our great exporti. Now I
want to ask any man of reason, why it
ly is that a duty of twenty-flvo cents per
- bushel is plit Oil wheat, and fifteen
? cents per bushel oi corn, while nothing
d is put uPonl cotton ? The three stand
3- exactly upon the Baltic basis. It is
i this : Northern Representatives pro
We tect corn and wheat against importa
I. Lions from Canada and elsewhere,
n cotton has beei sacriliced to it niero
d sentiment. I think that I am the first
f Representative inl Congress to point
n out the danger to the cotton planters
.t arising from the importation of Egyp
tian cotton. Tien years ago there were
no importations to speak of. The year
I made this speech there was in rolnd
f numbers fifty-six inilliois of pounds,
1and ls. year there was almost seventy
millions, ini increasc ofgnearly twenty
per cent. Since then two mills ja&VO
been built in South Carolina (in one of
which I am interested) usiig nothing
blit EAgyptian cotton. Now I contend,
if the cotton farmers were protectCd ti
liko the wheat and corn planters, We I
coild produce any kind of cotton that it
is needed. South Carolina is the home ru
of the cotton plant. No cotton comes W
into competition with our Sea Island P'
cottoni, and coinllioji sense tells me iI
that we enili develop any grade needed tih
bet ween that and the sliott staple. Ten Ci
years ago the "Alleti long staple'' was fo
planted all over ipper South Carolina, in
andl([ I know of some men who bougiht CO
g.ns especially adapted to this cottoin, vil
but they had to throw them away. flr
Egyptian cotton has driven them olt CO
of the business. The red lIlls of this wi
up-country are the very place where th
this cotton should le grown, but how (O
cani1 we (levelop t. inl coplletitionl with I Pr
the c(heap labor of Eyl)t ? WVhat are Iv
we doing now, meeting and passing wi
resolutions to i educe the acreage, while foi
English eigineiers are const ructilag ln(
daus in tie valley of the Nile, which tili
withlin two years will add one mdlilion n<
and one-half bales or one-eighth to the sP1
cotton crop ; whifle we are redliing Bl8m
tll acIrage here our competitors ar Ag
ilcreasing 11, and we are to furnimh erS
tIe market for the ilerease. I say, "'G
away with the impractical statesmaii- na111
ship which will sacrifice the cotton MU
planiters of Soith Carolina to those of thi
Egypt. After I was olected to the wh
Senate I atteinpteld to puirsue tle same Ag
liue iml everything, int I was very ill tici
for a long time alfter lly calimaigi, fic<
conthied to my bed at one time for !f
seven weekis. Theise eurible cam- ill
paignis (it ours. inl thie heat of immiier, to
iaking speeches day after day, sitting fen1
for C' aur or five hours, your clothes wet col
w itl pwrspiiration, in the sun, inid one- vol
half the time wit hout dilnner, thei e are rea
blit few men who have gone tl-ouglih fe
wi lth it ad not had theiri health im- aWO
paired. I have no doubt but, that whi
it shor-tened the days of the gallant wil
Earle alli eveln rugged .John Irby. pilt'
Till TIt|CATY WI'rli S'AIN. oUl
While I was in this physical and
incital coidition, the war with Spain
canie ,11 and I had to grapple with
these inew questions. I was sick, heart,
body and soul. All that I wantel was
peace and to ble let alone. The cruel
tailit.s alid slicers of- "liepiblicai and
traitor'' hurt ine (lien, while I can
laugh at them now. I made up my
inuind inot to create aniy further issues, ur
butL tamely fall in and follow the lead
of ,1 ones, T1illmian, l'ettigrewv & Co., am
and thben to quietly retire at the end ohf('
my term. My intimate frienlds know
than, this was mny intentjin. WVhen
hey cncluded to (defeat thie treaty, I
could iiot see what, great harm couild
coiie to the couitry fromi forcing the
lIepuiblicanlS to call aii extra session.
It woul only postpone miatters by oneO
moiithi. 'At the request of somie of the
D emnocratac leadlers, [ made(1 ai speech,
not, ag'ainst the treaty but against Ima- fi
p lerilaham, which speech was at the t
tame, and withI the lights biefore me,
nmy oipinioi. I haad not drawni thie dis
Lametion bet weeii Expansion ando Imnpe
rial isnm, anid Ii ully intencaded toi votoi
aigainast the ratificaitioni of the treaty, I
wvas so tired~ of being abiused and1( ac- i
ciised of disloyalty to my party, At T
liat time, however, I c~ontend~ed ina "
private thant the rejectioin oif the treat~y
was unwise even from a piarty stand- yo
pint. I lad then , as I hlave now, very10
little conoi ideince in thle political sagacity "
of Senator , armies K. diones, amnd I be
lieved thint Senator (Gornian Was at hear t li
an Expansionist, beocauise lie votedl for At
the acquisitioni of th lao awaiian Is- pr
lands, andio I 51uspected him of an amblhi
tionl aifi ea Mr. Biryan advisaed the rati- pr
ficationi of the treaty, to defeat it aniil Sc
thins supplant him in the leadership.
Not, that I objected to this, for Gorman
is a conservative mani, and might have 9
beenm elected I 'resideint, the last time,
could lie have commnanded the nomina- n
tionl. I Jowever, on Sunday afteraiooii
thbe day before the treaty wats to lie
votect upon, the news was flashed over
the wires (liat our troops had been fired
upon01 by Uhe very pieople whom we had
I reed froin th e ty riaiy of Spainish op- 1
priessionii. TIhiis proeent ed an nireii mly
Inew situation, andm' befde I lhad lina
islhed reading the "'extra"' ihe or -'m
Sondi~ents~ ci (lie N 'w Ymok .annr anid I
thinsk of' the Woreldl, enhed'' au nau house
- liefole I had ~onlte I d wi th a >i Ian ~ oI
being, anad I expresised ii of iion asl~ 1
1(lie files of the lnewpper will showi.
t' One imonath of delay maight meani sc
ri rious cionisequenOces to thie peoplhe of et
, (lie United States. i
's It must, be remlemberOied that Spain
g had the symlpathay of entire Europe,
1'1and after tile baitthe of Manilla nothing -
a- but the tact, of D ewey aind the attitude T
.s oif England prevenited~ u~s from being .
i. forced inlto a war for which We were u
it totalhy unprepareitrd. To defeat the i
can be
W, grown
- -Potash.
- enougA Pot
ash and your
'\ profits will be
large; without
Potash your
crop will b)e
Our broks, telig .,tit C(llceojt loll (ir ferfli,.rs
aS dupwtd Ic)r .111 .a 1,1.,~ e ;1.(! u! zraer
GE.RMAN KA1,11 \vttg
caty meant that we were stll at wit
ith Spain, and that our solilers were
truders in the Philippine islands. To
tify tho treaty meant not a state of
ar, but a mere insurrection and (e
ived other nations of an excuse for
terference. It scoms to me any way,
at no matter what the situation or
uses may bo, that the only position
r a man to take when we are engaged
a foreign war is to stand by his own
antry, right or wrong. Lot ine re
1w the situation a moment. In the
it place, I had not, as long as it
Lld be avoided, been in favor of the
,r, and had but little sympathy with
inflammatory addresses made in
igress, which embarrassed the
esLedent in his humane efforts to
3rt the war. I could not but look
.11 distrust upon those men who
ced the war on by frantic appeals
I then, the very moment that hos
ties were begun, criticiseid every
vement made to bring the war to a
edy and successful end. It was a
ill Iiand petty part for Senators to play
uiinaldo had many warmi sympathiz
in Congress, who compared him to
eorge Washington" and his half
ied followers to the heroes of King's
uitain and Bunker Hill. Some of
Snowv cannot conceal the chagrin
eh they feel at the capture of
minaldo and the cessation of hostilh
.It is charged that my vote rati
I the treaty and stopped the war.
80s, 1 am proud of the fact, and I
thankful that I had the strength
1o my duty and cast that vote. I
r tlat I would not have had the
Lage to do it, had I not felt that my
. was absolutely necessary ; but
liziig th1e far-reaching effect and the
rful responsibility, I cast my vote
ordingly. I have never seen the (lay
en I regretted it, and my children
I remember it after I am dead, with
nIelre and pride, as the most glori
act of my life.
Dear mel Have I got to write it
sO?" said a woman at the Whist
ni-ress last, week, at the Credential
inluittee's request that she shudd
;ister her namue and1( address. "' It's
fortunate, because, you see,'' em.l
rraussedly, "' I am from Cincinnati
d " "Well,'' interrupted the
ark. "' I.-I never can remember
>w to spell it," cried the womuan..-N.
"' JDo women who have had( the azd
imitage of adlvancedl education maiikc
od wives ?"' asked the bachelor,
ioughtfuilly. At this the benedict
ok hium to one side, where lie could
leak conm 'ldentilly- " If you ever
arry,"' he said, "'and linud occaIsion to
ime up a real good excuse for a pro-.
ted sessioni at the cmlb you will dix,
vor' that, it is p)ossible for a woman to
ow too much. "-Chicago Post.
One Sunday, as a certaini Scotch
nlister' Was returning homewards, he
s accosted by an old1 woman, who
'Oh, sir, well do . like the (lay wheni
.1 preach."'
1lhe minister was aware that he wvas
I very popular and answered:
"MAy good woman, 1 am glad to
air it. Tlhere are too few like vou.
idl why (10 you like it wheun 1
"Oh, sir,'' she rep~lied, "' when you
sach J always get a good scat!" --
ottish Nights.
"' Where's Mr. Schnorer?"' lie's ini
0 next room." " Arc you sure?"
Yes, I just overheard him taking a
ip..-Ph'ilaidelphiai TLimues.
For Infants and Children,
he Kind You Hlave Always Bought
Bart rthe
l)n farnmrg landts. l';asy paymenlts~t. No
mmissaionse charged. Horrower pays ac
al cost of perfecting loan. Imterest 7 per
nt, up, according to seCurity.
JNo. Bi. P'AL4MER & SON,
Columbia. 8. o
More calls thani wo can possibly til. Suae
anteo o positions bacekodl by 6000. Courses
toxoolled. Enter aniy tImo. Catalogue tree
idress, 00i1LMlA liUkilNEfSS '00LLEwg

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