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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, May 30, 1901, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067634/1901-05-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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Pap Sampson, older by four years, a
trifle grayer perhaps, but as activo and
alert as ever, sat on a fence at the side
of tho road leading into Beckett's Mil
from the south. Ills attitude was such
as to denote that ho was absorbed in
earnest thought, which lie was. He
was recalling scenes and events of past
days and was so lost to the present as
to be totally oblivious of everything
about him. So unconsclous of his sur
rouidings was he that lie was not even
aware of the approach of two men,
dusty and travel stained, who wearily
plodded their way along the hard,
white road.
Pap's thoughts were of Sim Banks
and of the events attending Sim's de
"Why, hocdy, Pap Sampson?"
parture from Beckett's Mill. Though
four years had passed since that time,
Sim had never returned, and the people
of 'ossum Rlidg were no wiser as to
his whereabouts than they had been
the day lie left. A large reward had
been offered for his arrest, and the oil
ils, stimulated by the hope of earn
lug the money, had made strenuous ef
forts to locate him. But it had been all
in vain. Now and then there had
coie reports to Beckett's Mill to the
effect that Sim had been captured; but,
as is usual with such reports, it always
turned out a case of mistaken identity.
Pap was wondering where Sim could
have gono to hide himself so complete
ly and whether he was still among the
living. Ie wa ILwotderiig, too, wheth.
er if Simu still 11ived he would ever re
turn to Posnam IRidge- antd if' he return
ed what would he his fate. It was
with such thoughts as these the old
inan was busy whleni he was .suddenly
aroused and shocked by somne one close
to) 11un saying (Juietly:
"Why, hiowdy, P ap Sampson?2"
P'al started and looked guickly
around, and1(, his eyes falling on a
hearded, sunl tantned face, his mouth
fell open and he stared in stupi
amazement for- almost a minute. 'Then
be r-ubbled his eyes and stared again.
"'Lord a-massy! " he exclaimed at
last. "A mn I dreamuin, or is that r'ally
Simu Ianks?"
"it is r'ally Simu Bank~s, Pap," the
other repliedl; ''what's left of him any
Pap was down oll' the fence in the
twinkling of an eye, and the next mo
ment he had Simu by the hand, shak
lng It with a heartiness that was al
most painful.
"Great land of Goshen!" he cried.
"Who'd 'a' thought it? Lord a-massyi
It's shore old Simu, ain't it?"
"I guess it is. Pap- Arec you sur
prised to see me?"
"Surprised to see you! Why, Lord, I
w'ouldn't be no more surp~rised if the
sky was to drop). But think of the
devil an lhe's shore to make his aip
pearance, as the old sayin goes."
"'Werec you thinkin of me?"
"'Jest beeni a-sitt In that- on the fence
a-wonderin wh-lar you'd gone an what
had 'come of you an if I was ever
a-gwilne to git to see you any morec. I
was jest a-gwine over them thoughts
when you muoughty nigh skeer-ed the
life out of mec by speakin to me that
a-~way. Land, dlon't hardly seem like
it can he you, Simu."
"Don't it?"
"Shor-e it don't. Rut whar you been
all these y'ear-s?"
"I've been to the w~ar-, Pap."
"Great day in the. mnornin! You
ain't been fightin into the army, have
"Yes, I'vo done some fightin."
"But you wasn't killed, bless the
"Not quIte."
"Heo caime next thing to it, though,"
Sun's companion volunteered.
"Is that so?"' Pap cried. "WVaal, I'll
be stmitched! You come muoughty nigh
glti killed ?"
"Yes, I had a pretty close call once."
"Great land! Tell me Aill 'b~out it,
won't you, Situ?"
"Yes, but fir-st you must tell me
sonmethin, Pap. Ihow is Loucesy?"
"Lord, ain't I a great old fool, a-run
in on here that a-way, never a-think
in 'bout what you'd nat'rally be jest
a-dyin to know? Loucesy's well."
"Where is she-up at the old place?"
"La, no! She ain't lived thar- sence
you went away. She's (Iown at town."
"W~hat is she (loin downa there?"
"She's workin In a store to earn her
Simi was surprised.
"To earn her lvin?" he repeated.
Pap noddied his head.
"What's become of all the land I left
her?'" Sitm asked.,
"It's thar jest as it was. She ain't
never teched a foot of It."
"W~hy ?"
"Said it was your'n an she didn't do
sero I" -
'."%1 6 Sk
.,:.. ~ ~ ~ ..' I.. .,::
Sim pauseci a moment, tnen saa:
"An Melvin?"
"Lordi" Pap exclaimed. "Don't you
,now?" -
"No. Did he an Loueesy"
"No. He was killed the day you
A queer expression came to Sim's
ace, an expression In which surprise
ind relief were blended.
"Didn't you know 'bout him beln
rilled?" Pap asked.
"No. I have never heard a word
'rom home sence I went away, an I
lon't know anything that has happen
!d. Who killed him?"
The man who came with Sim looked
iuckly upand appeared to wait eager
Ly for Pap's reply. It was then Pap
Lioticed for the first time how pale and
amaclated that man was.
"Who killed Melvlu?" Sim repeated
"I don't know," Pap answered. "The
niext mornin after you left Jim Thorn
found the dea(d body in your woods
with a bullet hole through it. le had
been killed several hours then."
"And nobody knows who done it?"
Pap s0hooC his head.
"Was nobody suspected ?"
The old man turned away and began
to thumip his cane against the ground,
but lie made 1no reply. Sim saw that
pap's action ieant something, and he
>egan to put a few things together. IlIe
'enembered that lie had gono into
hose woods with his gun about the
line the killing must have occurred
tid then had disappeared. le remem
ered also the threat lie had made that
lay in Mrs. Mann's wheatlield. Re
'alling these things and noting Pap's
chavlor, lie was quick enough to sus
ect the truth. Pale, but firm, he said:
"Pap, was anybody suspected of kill
In Melvin?"
The old man hesitated still, but final
y he replied:
"Thar mought 'a' been, Sim; yes, I'm
ifeard thar mought 'a' been. But,
Sim, I ain't never suspected nobody."
"1 know, Pap. But who did the oth
ers suspect?"
Again Sim's companion leaned eager
ly forward and seemed to await Pap's
reply. After a short pause the old man
said slowly:
"You know, Sim, thar's allus some
people ready to suspect anything bad
of a body if they've got a ghost of a
reason. I-le's go on home, Sim. I
guess you must be tired an hungry."
"No, Pap, not now. You must tell me
the truth."
"Oh, Lord, Sim, I can't tell you no
"Yes, you can tell rme who was sus
"I'd ruthier not."
"Then it's true, Pap. It is me?"
Pap remained silent.
"Tell me," Sim insisted. ''is it me?"
"l'mi alfeaird so. Slim; :e,u I'm afeard
thar's sonie as thinks it was you. But
I dlon't think it.''
Simi had known what was coming,
but P'ah's admilssoon was a hard low
for all that. 11 s head dlrooped, and an
expression of bit ter pain came over his
features. Pal) saw andm undlerstood1
rnd, placing his hand oni Sim's shul
tier, saidl consolingly:
body'll ever mnake' me h'lieve It for a
miimte if t hey sw'ar to it oni a1 statck of'
Th'ie old umn's act and wor'' did Sitm
good1. It was ai great (coimfort to know
that lie had one true' friend at least.
"'I know, Pap,"' he said, 'fliat I enni
always trust yon. You'll stand by me
to the last."
"That's what I will. Sitm, 'enause I
knowv you're not gulty."'
"An thar's otheris," Simi said.
"'Thar's S'am M organi an Jason Itob)
erts. Tlhey'Il tnever b'lieve ime guilty
eliter, will I hey, IPap?''
Palp was ser'iously troubled, atnd lie
showed It.
"Sin,'' lie sahIl, "I kiiow you ns
must he tIred an hungry. Le's go on
home an talk a fterwvards."'
"No," Slin replied; "I[ want to know
the truth, thle whole litter truth. So
Sain an Jasoni b'lieve' me guilty of such
a terrible crliie as that ?I"
"I dunnilo," Pap answered. "They
don't waunt to b'lleve it, Sliim. I know
they dion't want to b'lieve It."
"But they (10,'' Siim said, with a sigh
of resignation. "Waal, so he It. An
Papj raisedl hIs hiatid instantly, and1( a
beam of Ipleasure lighted his face.
"No, .Sim," lie Initerrupted, "d(on't you
say that. Loueesy doti't ihieve It tin
never has b'lilved It. When she first
heard you accused, she saId It was a
lie, ani she's stuck to It from that (lay
to this."
"Thank God!" Sim cried ferv'ently.
"If she don't b'lieve It, I don't care
what anybody else thinks."
"She don't, Shim. I'm tellin you the
God's truth. She doni't. An now we've
iaidh enoughi for this t ime, so Ic's go on
lBnt Sim (lid not move, and( lie hadl
>ecomue (deeply thoughtful. After a lIt
Ilelie said:
"I don't know what I hadl best (10.
l'hiis Is all so new an unexpectedl to
ne that I eann't jest see my way clear.
f I stop hiere, I'll beC arrested."
Ini his exeltemtent Pal) Samplsoni had
')rgotteni t his, butt lhe kiiew it was true.
f Siim's pre'(seiice in the village became
nown, lie woulIid ce(rtainly be ar'restedl,
mtd then the gallows, or at least thle
tate pr1isoni, would no dhoubt await
"You laud better hid~e somewhere un
il night," lie said( anxiously, ''then go
way agaIn. That Is the best you can
lo now."
But Sitm deliberated a long time, then
aIdl slowly:
"Maybe you're rIght, Pap, b~ut I doti't
now. A body may as well bo (lead
i' in ni'Ison na to ha nwa.nre on'
the earth, with neither home nor
friends an always in dread of some
thin. No matter what anybody says
or thinks, I'm innocent."
"I know it, Sim; I know it," Pap said
assuringly. "But, then, courts mebby
won't see as we do." m
"Maybe not, Pap," Sin replied after im
a pause, "but I'm Innocent, an I'm goin fr
to stay." L
"But think, Sim, of" -
"I have thought of it all, Pap. I'm r
goin to stay an face it out."
Then Sln's companion, who had lis
tened Intently all this while, spoke up
again. Laying is hand on Sim's arm, i
he said earnestly: It
"And you'll never be hurt, Sim. Nev- Y
er so much as a hair of your head shall y
be touched." ti
Pap Sampson looked at the speaker ri
"Ilow do you know that?" he asked. 0
"It doesn't matter how I know it," t'
the other answered. "I know it, and ri
that is enough." 11
"Who are you, an what do you o
know 'bout this affair?" Pap ques
tioned. f
"My name is Thompson, and I ant
Sin Banks' friend. I have been his j
friend since that day he saved iny
life at the risk of his own."
"That was nothin," Sim said. "Any- d
body would have done all I did." v
"Anybody would have rushed into
that hall of shot and shell after our
men had retreated and carried a
wounded comtrade off the battlefleld
to save bini from the enemy? You'll
never make ine believe any such thing. c
Nobody can ever make ine believe f
that there's another main in the world t
besides Stin lMinks who was brave v
enough to have done it."
"My Lord, Joe, I'd been a bruto if I
hadn't done It," Slin protested, "it
plumb cowardly brute. You make too
much over a little no 'count thing like
"It may seem of no account to you, 7
but it doesn't to ie, I can tell you. I
guess it didn't scen so to the men who 1
saw it either, judging from the way
they cheered you. Why, even the ene
my cheered."
"I didn't hear it," Shu said.
"No, you were too busy tryin to get C
me out of that awful place. I guess 8
y'ou didn't evenl hear the hlleis whiz- t
zing round yoit head like a ,%warm of
"I didn't."
"Well, I heard them, you can just
bet. It was just like a hallstorm bro
ken loose. I know I thought every i
second we'd both be killed. and I enn't I
understand why we weren't. I begged a
you to leave ine and save yourself if
you could, and you wouldn't do it."
"Oh, waal, Joe, le's let that alone.
I'm plumb tired of hearin of that fool
thing. It ain't worth kickin up so
much fuss about."
"Well, that's just your opinion, Sim.
Other people see it differently. Then
there Is the way you looked after me
for weeks while I was in hospital. No
father, no brother, my own mother
even, could not have been more care
ful of tie. I remeinber It all, Simn, and
I'll never forget it ns long as I live."
"Waal, that's all right, Joe,"' Sim
said, "but I'mn tired an hungry, so le's
not say no more, but go along of Pap.
I'll go io his house ana rest a bIt. Then
I'll go an give mnyself up.'
''You'll not give yourself up this dhay
1nor this nigt ,t Si mu'"i Pr animd
flatly. "'You'il have onle good1 rest first
if I know mtyself', an 1l'in miost shaore I
do, for it' they git you into jail you
wvon' t haive no( rest I ha r.'
"'No, hut it's all right, Paip. I 'im re
signied to take whuateverkomtes, an I
reckon it dlon't unat ter much whlat it
is. I ant't got anything to live for nto
mor'e nobo(w, anl I'dl jest ats well lie
dead aus nt."
"'But y'ou'll never lhe hutt. Slt,'' the
othier said. "D1on't y.ou tink it. Not]
a halm' of your head s hal hile touched.''
l'aph Saipson looked wonin~t'tgly at
the spieatker, sa w sineithling lhe had
ntot obiservedl bef'ore' andu in his aston
Ishmaent unithloiut edly erled:l
."My LoIrd1, stranger, you'r'e not goin
to live long."
'Thomups9on smtiled.
"'I kntow it," lhe said(, ''lit it is best.
I only wanit to (14 one thIng more, anid
then I'm dlonte, and~ I'll live to do it;
voa. I'll live to do it."
For- the Little Pig.
A concentrated food containing a
large per cent of indigestible woodly
fiber' like bran is not -suitabie f'or
young pigs, andi they will not thive ont
it or a mixture of it half and half with
somec miore digestible contcntrate utl
they have reatchedl the age of 41 or 5
monthts. The harsh woody husk of
whetat is irritating to the stomach,
causing inidigest ion wvlieht finally re
sults in scout's, one of the worst of
young pig diseases. Any food that
contlains a har-ge per centt of inidigesti
ble matter' should be rejeced as a pig
food duinhg the first mtonths of the
pig's existence. While they ar'e still
with their mtothuers and for a ilme aift- t
er-ward ia good qtuality of shots or
milddlings or' shorts withl ground oatsI
or bat-iey is found to give satisfactory I
results. T1his is par-ticular'ly the case
if, aifter weaning, these foods ar'e sup.
pletmnted by a supply of skinunilk.
We have very satisfactor'y results
fromu running around aill our (crop~s, as C
6001n as wiei ll), with the onte huorse
subsoil plo0w, says Southernm Cultivator.
This thtoroighly br'eaks the ground lie
low the crops before the r'oots have
brantched Out entoughi to lie inuiredl. It ~
also0 causes time rainiwater to colleet r
unider' the plants where it is most f
needed. Th'iis is the ottly deep llowintg I
We (10 in cultivating. Fliusht out flue I
Iniddles with huarrow or scrape. Thio t
oftotter tis is done the more rapid the ~
growth of thle crops.
It is estimuated1 that albout 8,000
square miles of the alluvil prairie
lands(1 of Louisiana could1, with some
expen~diture of mtoney, be br'oughit un-1
der- cultivation anid irr'igation where'(
they wouild be valuable for' rice culture,.i
Cane amnd cassava aire two lmpor'tant n
Items now talked about for flue dive
sifleationi of Georgia far'tmng. Th'ie t]
babitat of eassava in Flor-ida may it i
is thoughtt, lie extended 50 to 100 miles
farther nor'th inito Georgia.
Start lettuce In a box with shade anid c:
nlenty of moisare.n
Unveiling the Monument
The following address was delivered on
Onument on the battlefield to the South
auga. The orator of the occasion w as 11
om &Iken County :
Americans, through all stages and po.
ods of their history, have fought, and
rer will light, for the preservation of
hat they honestly believe to be founded
L prilciple. Fromt the byways and
edges of Lexington to the marshes of
orktown our forefathers fought to es
6blish the equal rights of men against
to exactions and encroachments of ty
tuts. The blood of Warren sprinkled
n the green sward of Bunker Hill, and
to blood of Jasper, bespattering the
unlparts of Savannah, were alike sacri
ces upon the altar of patriotisi for love
f liberty.
Tho blood of the brave McPherson
.ecly shed on the plains of Atlanta ; and
1e blood of the immortal Stonewall
ackson, running freety amid the fast
esses of the Wilderness on that fatal
ight, were alike unstinted offerings of
evotion to duty, and conscientious con
iction of right.
Neither were rebels. Both were pa
riots. As much so as the heroic War
en or the brave Jasper.
When the din and turmoil t f the Ryev
lutionary struggle had comparatively
ubsided, the separate and independent
olonics entered into "Articles of Con
uderation" and a "Federal Constitu.
ion," in every line and sentence of
vhich, and in every utterance of debate
rom which they emanated, is' written
he understanding, that the union was
oluntary, with each 8tate remaining a
il'AnAT entity ; and such powers
lone were given the Union as were ex
ircsed and ket forth. All others were
titsalnve to the States and their citi
Time rolled on. Prosperity followed
,dversity. The impetus of Freedom
;avo momIen tumn and push to til engines
f (levelopenett and enterprise. Indi
ridual aggrandizement and sectional in
crest brought oii political turmoil and
inrest. Right or wrong, the whole
ountry was in a fermentation. The one
ide asserting the 'Indissoluble Union,"
he"other asserting the "Indestrue.able
South Carolina, whom in part I repre
eut on this auspicious occasion (the
tomc of John Rutledge, one of the first
Thief Justices of the Supreme Court of
he United States ; tile home of that em
nent Pinckney whose enunciation, "Mil
ions for defense, not a cent for tribute,"
vill over be a pacan in the cause of free
loin), South Carolina, on the 20th of Do
:emiber, 18(10, by solemn conventional
Letion, retired from that confederacy,
which she had voluntarily joined and to
hich she had freely contributed of
>lood and treasure.
In tbe ides of the following April the
irst gun "of the war between the States"
'everberated in the harbor of old
The North armed to sustain its views
f the union. The South armed to sus
,ain its ideas of the sovereignty of the
3tates and freedom of action.
As that great Englishman, an impar
ial witness, Lord Wolseley, has truly
3xpressed it, "The true cause of the con
lict was ANTA(IONISM between the spirit
>f Federalism and the principles of
state's Rights "
Bull Run ran red with the gore of
>rothers. ' On to Richmond" was the
:ry in the East. '-On to Atlanta" the
:ry in the West.
The sanctity of our homes and our
icarthstones ; the e xercise of home rule
md home government aroused every en
rgy of the South : and from "the cradle
o tihe grave'' the call to arms was heart
ly obeyed.
'They left tihe pioughshiare in tihe mould,
the lhocks and herds wvihout a fold."
Through the clover ficlds of tha~t
~ranld, green valley of old ',irginia tile
oesin of tihe dread struggle soundled and
murged. M aratho 11 anI~d Thermopyhea
Lharsalia and( Cannoe were surpassed in
;lory and heroism.
The scene shifts beyond tile beautiful
>Aue mountains. Gaines' Mill and Fra
ier's Farm anid Malvern Hill are envel
)lped with tihe smoke and turmoil of the
pray. Never did ancient warriors, whether
3recian, Rioman or MaCcedoniakn, shlow
lreater courage anld fortitude than that
which tile American soldlier, on both
ides, exhlibited on thlese ensanlguinedl
No mfedioLval cavalier withl burnished
Irmior and( drawn cimeter ever iclt the
patriotismi thlat animated tile bonnie boys
>t tile Southland, who tramped victori
us over tile Seven Days battlefields
iroulnd Richmond.
Again Manassas shlouts forth tile hlor
ible sounids of perilous battle, and( goes
lown into history as a victory for tile
mmlnortal Lee, m~ore illusti ious than11
MIontibello or Bolferino were to tile
hreat Bonaparte.
McClellan, with his almost countless
housands, againi grap~ples wvith the
lardy veteranls alonlg tile waters of the
intictam ; andl sharp an~d fearful is thle
Tile God of battles himself' must have
l'ept over tihe fearful destruction of'
amlericanl manhlood.
At Fredericksburg, tile heroic life of
ldaxcy Gregg, Caroina's great so (dicr,
ilnd that of Tom Cobb, Georgia's valiant
on, Ilowed out ; and tile mlyriadis of
ilurnside were as easily diriven back as
hose of Xerxes in the olden times
Chancellorsville, withl its great victory,
mt its sad loss, 100oms upj Jackson
>assed over thle river and( restedl ulnder
lhe shlade of the trees ; and Jeb Stuart,
Vithl his flowing plumle andl keen Damn
,scan blade, led the Stonewvall brigade
nd thleir associates to victory with as
suchl (1ash as over did1 Henry of Navarre,
he0 lioln hearted Richard, or tile imnpetu
us Murat.
We crossed tile I iver 0oncc more
Ai ound the cmetery Ueights anld
eminlary Ridge tile alarmI of war broke
>Ose withl its most terrible vigor. Tile
ofensive hadl been transferred to tile
fortl ; and( whlen Picet~ot and( his vote
ans were decimlated(, and( tile tide of
Ito bore hack his bleeding columns,
tobi rt E. Lec meot them amid tihe crash1
ig rhells and( crushing shlot and told
10em ill that mlanly moral, heroic man51
or, "It is not your fault, boys, it is all
"Nor purer sword led braver hand,
Nor braver bled for a blrightler land,
Nor brighter land had4 a cause so gr'andc,
Nor' cause a chief like Lee."
From the beginning of the struggle,
1 thle great West, wherfe thle hardy fron
crsmen of tihe North met tile sturdy
untamoenl of tile South, ,he e >mibat, was
loreO cqual, exacting and unlcertaina.
D~onison, Henry and Vicksburg, withl
lcir misfortunes and( mistakes, passed
Ito hlistory.
ilohi, withl its two( (lays of burning
shieven oat, electrified thle world as an
Kihibitionl of tile battle power of Ameri
Iln manhiood. Its first dlay of glorious
inory to tile Sonnth, dimmed nlye a .
to South Carolinians.
Ifho 27th of May at the unveiling of the
Carolinians who were killed at Uhicka
Dn. Daniel S. Henderson, the Senator
'freedom shrieked' as Sidney Johnston
ell, was scarcely overbalanced by the
iuccess of the second day to the North,
irought about chielly by that perilnacity,
itern determination and confidence
which characterized U. 3. Grant as a
born leader of men.
The Gray and the Blue grappled to
gother on many a gory field from the
ississippi to the Tennessee. The stars
Ind bars, and stars and stripes, waved
efiance at each other across many a
ravine of that grand region. Bedford
LForrest, "the noblest Roman of them
%ll," led his troopers triumphant from
Inc end to the other.
In the crucial year of 1868, when the
shortoning days of Septeiber eame and
the halo of the Indian summor was creep.
lng over this favored region of Georgia
and Tennessee, the electric batteries of
horrid war stirred the lethean waters of
this "tiver of Death," and its search.
lights i luminated these grand overhang.
ing mountain peaks with a luridues
never to be forgotton. Once again, as in
its legendary historic past, o.d Chicka
mauga became the tramping ground of
hosts of men embraced in an ensan.
guined struggle for arnihilation and de
struction. Both sides were ably led.
Both sides fought nobly. Both sides
conscientiously acted. All of them pa
triots ; none of them rebels.
Lee had detached from Virginia and
sent his great corps conuuandter, Long
street, with his hardened veterans to aid
the Confederate chieftain, Braxton
Bragg (lie, the same Captain Bragg who,
under the stars and stripes at the bloody
Mexican battle of Buena Vista, had re.
ceived and valiantly carried out the
memorable order of Gen. Taylor, "Give
them a little more grape, Capt Bragg ")
Grant had hurried forward the flower of
theWestern army to the aid of the Federal
commander, Hosecians. "And when the
mists had rolled away," on that autum
nal Sabbath morn of the second day and
roves ed the sorried ranks of the oppos
ing hosts to each other, it was a s:ght
before which the Sun of Austerlitz would
have dimmed, and a sight to which the
Old Guard of Napoleon and the English fit
Squares of the I ron Duke at Waterloo, i
opposing each other, was but a circuni. at
stance. 8[
What was done-what deeds of daring P
were achieved--what charges and coun
ter-charges were deVelop)d-how bat- t
teries were handled with wonderful sci- a'
entitio skill-how battalions of in fantry
and squadrons of cavalry covered them. a
se.ves with glory-how particu'ar com- b
nands and individual commanders espe- d
cially distinguished themselves, those t
who were here and mingled in the fray G
can better tell than 1.
The carnage of the contest best tells the
tale of the fighting. 16,129 on the side
of the Federals ; 17,80.1 on the side of t
the Confederates. 11
When nightfill caie the complete dis
c )naiture of the Federal army wias ar
rested only by the intrepid stand of
George 11. Thomas, himself a Virgin ian, e
who has gone down into history as the
' Rock of Chickamauga" and whose name
as an imperturbable leader of lighting
men should be written high in the gal
lery of fame.
H[ow those who perished here, whose a
blood darkened these slopes, ravines and 3
hillsides, are revered by their pleol)'e at
home, is told in mute and silent language g
by the monumental suires that have been a
erectecd in this National Pirk by sixteen
of the States of this retunited Union, at
tile aggregate cost of $5011,000.
It was certainly a befitting and mag
naniiious act, on the part om the Govern
ment of the United States to permit the
establishment of a National Park on this
battlefield, where the Confederates ob
tained the advantage, iad espccially ~
when the Act of Congress permits both
sidles to mark their lines of batt'e and to ~
erect monuments over their gallant dead.
The South hias accepted tile opportunity ~
and joins in the spirit of reconciliation
She did her best. Whatever she had ~
of blood, of treasure, of spirit and love, ~
she unstintedly laid upon the altar as a
sacrifice for love of freedom and liberty
of conscience.
What Courts and Constitutions and
Conventions and Congresses and Presi- "
denlts could 110t (do, it took the arbitra r
ment of stera war to (10. The "Indisso- I
luble t'nion"' on tihe one side, andI "Inude
structib'le States'' on thec other side, have
become the "indissolub~c Union''of 'in.
decstruestible. States "
Whoever else .we may fight as an ~
American people, wec will never again
light our-scltes. ijsmensions and1( aifes
and~ turmoils, begotten of p~olitical for
mnentations andl uplheIaal, wvill com
but the (juestion of the sep~arate actiona
of the States (whilst they have theirt
rights, which exist andl are respectedi
every day by the courts and the govern- .
ment,) is settled for all time.a
Tio-day the Palmetto State, the grand a
old Commonwealth of South Carolina,
as a member of the Amneric~an Union,
cOmles to thlis shrine of sacrifice, this al g
tar of f reedonm, wvht c the pride anid :
glory of her yeomanry 81hed their blood,
to show her applreciation of their patri- tr
otic endecavors.
Trute, siho waIs the "cradlo of seces- t
81011," but siho alwvays was and m always
will he a leader in cEonscientious action;
and1 her hlistory of patriotic devotion to I
dluty has been op~en to the world from si
thei time she joined with Alassachusetts og
in tdying the tyranny of "'taxation with th
out represent at ion'" to the present time. th
For her devoti')n to reljublican prin y
ciples, as fairly understood by our fore y
- vi
" I suliered terribly and wvas ex- s
tremely weak 'or 12 years. The i
doctors said my blood was til c
turning to wvater. At last I tried t
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, and was soo
feeling all right again.,, rc
Mrs. J. W. Fiala, H ladlyme, Ct.- li
No matter how long you t
have been ill, nor how ct
poorly you may be today, wi
Ayer's Sarsaparilla is the
best medicine you can w
take for purifying and en- l]
riching the blood. ph
Don't doubt it, p~ut your br
whole trust in it, throw lb
$l.00 a bottle. All druggisIs.t
Ask your udoctr wa t he thinks of Ayor's ti
sarsaparilalbII I knowanaboIi ut thuingra nd pc
i a nii, .~ F ollow his advico a11ut
. A Li oIoweil, Mass.
AVegetable Preparationfor As
similatiig ilteFoodandilegula
tingthe Stomachs andBowels of
Pronotes Digestion.Cheerrul
ness and Rest.Contains neither
opium,Morphine norlMineral.
Iy&sfrn Need
tim, d 0r
IM""Vyen panw
Apeifeci Remely for Conslipa
lion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoca
Worms ,Convulsioins,Feverish
ness aid LosS OF SLEEP.
Fac Simile Signature ol'
the rs, let the bones of her sons who per- i
hed at King's Mountain, at Cowpens, f
Eutaw, and at the Palmetto Fort, E
:eak I For her determination to per
Atuate those principles let the blood of 1
onham who perished at the Alamo, and t
Le Prlietto boys who fell with Butler i
nid the halls of the Mo utezuinae speak (
For her firm determination to stand t
id to die for what she conscientiously (
alieved to be right, let the trail of her I
,ad and wounded in the war between t
ic States from the Potomac to the Rio
rande speak !
Carolina's dead, Carolina's dead
On every hill they lie."
In Virginia her spirit was evinced by
ic brave boys led by such men as
[ampton and Butler and Gary and Mc
owan and Haeood.
iiley aud Elliott, Rhett and Mitch- %
l1, Gaillard and Huguenin, and their %
oble boys stood amid the crumbling E
'alls of Sumter for four years and never %
And here, right here, amid the crash- a
ig of arnis, the martial muster of battle a
ad the terrifying trials of the fray, Jo t
!ph B. Kershaw, States Gist, Ellison j
apers. Irv'ine Walker, Aithur M. Mani- (
ault, John D. Kennedy and those chivf
rinc warriors, Elbert Bland and .John
Hard. wvho fell with their faces to the
>c within a few feet of the place where lI
-e now stand ; and those other brave
entlemen who led her boys to victory 1
n this spot, illustrated the spirit of
larolina, always prepared to do her<
The granite shaft has not yet been
ut that would be tall enough to com-i
iemorate the deeds of her private sol- 1
Her wvhito voting p)opulation in 180
ias 58,000, yet she sent to the war (65,000i
ildicrs, rank and fille. There is no p ir-<
llel in history to such a record.
From the first bud of youthful man
ood to the gray haired fathers, they
rent without a murmur, and fifty per 1
ent, were killed and wounded.
Let the Palmetto tree which standls 8
s the cap picce to yonder monument, il
emain there forever as the memorial of 11
er vener-ation for the deeds of her brave i
oys and when in after years Carolin- c
mns o)f another age stop here to view it, 1
it them in memory recall the fact that c
n thme monument erected at her capitol v
ity, Columbia, by the' women of her e
tate to her Confederate dead, is graven a
lat wond(erful sentence so powerfully ti
ut by the p~olished .John S. Preston, b
'hich applies to all alike, there an.l,
ere " Let the stranger wvho may In -
Fter- times read this incription recognizte (
iat these wer-e men wvhom power could
ot corrupt, whom (leath could not ter
fy. whom defeat could not, dishonor,
ad let their virtues plead for just judg
ent of the cause in which they perished.
et the South CarolinIan of another *
ancration remembher that the State
,ught them how to live and how to (lie,
id from her brokeni fortunes she has
reserved for her children the priceless
easure of their memory, teaching alla
ho may claim the same birthright, that
uth, courage, andi patriotism endures
One more word and I have finished. I
I this bivouac of the dead, where these
lent sentinels comnmemorating the love
'the ivine for the departed heroes, lift
eir headslo high heaven In tes-timony
ereof, we have assembled on this aus- t
Icious occasion not as Confederates or
3derals. but as Americans, andl the sur- e
vers of the heroes of both sides, who
irty-six years ago laid aside their arms
Cl returned to thme p~eaccful vocations
life, realizing the fact with satisfac- a
)n andl pride that they are component
rts of the greatest Union of the world. Y
The Sou'h In that period, by earnest
dceavor arid a candid realization of her
,uation, withbout surrendler of her opin
us, but in the true manly spirit of re- t
nciliation has resuscitated her waste
aces andl energies much more effec- 11
Flly than France has done from the
mult of the France German war. We
'e todlay In an era of Industrial advance3
thout a parallel We are making his
ry each day, andl not simply living on
o traditions andl Ideas of the past.
Finding in the (lawn of the twentieth
tury with Its allurements of power;
th its impedimenta of growing civili -
|ion ; with Its temptations that beset
Snew giant--our Republic--among the
)Ild rowers; and the bewitching en
emenits which our Increased responsi- ,
ity engendem s, it behooves us as a pee
-, as a Republic, (especially when
ndering lover such memorilet as are
ught to our minds at such places as
s where we linger today), to look
Il to our moorings and aspirations. andl
consider our destiny. We are equal
any emergency of advancing civiliza
n. if we as a people only keep our
FieO with God by our voice and con
esation. d
We must be equal to the demands that a
gress monats, witho.t -vlng it.
'or Infants antgOhildren.
e Kind You Have
Always Bought
lears the
For Over
Thirty Years
mperialisn, else the dream of our fore.
athers, that the people should rule and
,re capable of it, becomes a myth.
We should not be land grabbers or
mucancers for pelf or plunder. but
,mong the nations of the world, bohdly
isserting our rights to the extension of
our commerce under proper treaty rea
ions for the enjoyment of our trade, be
ontent to have the beneficent Monroe
)octrine receive its old time construe
ion, lest if we extend it to allow us to
stablish dependencies and colonies else.
vhere, the other powers can claim a
eciprocal construction for themselves
n seizing territory in the Western
I stood a few weeks since on one of
ts busiest, most exciting days, in Wall
Itreet, New York. where the financial
mlse of the country, and in fact of the
vorld, can always he felt, and watched
iith interest that bronze statue of the
reat Washington crected at that spot
?here he to( k the oath of oillie as the
rst President of our young Republic,
nd with his right hand held forward,
nd In a speaking attitude, he seemed
ruly typical of that. grand warning he
:ave us in his farewell address, never to
nter "into entangling alliances with
oreign powers."
The kings andl emperors; the princes
nd potentates of kingdomand emIl IIpires,
ept together by the powers of grand
tanding armies and navies, sooner or
ater will need the aid of thbis pe"ople
overned country, wvhich when united
an always meet any issue, to wrest them
rom the rush of arms against each other:
ut it is better, far better, for us to stand
n no comp~ulsory relation with any of
hem; and free and independlent, to act,
haping our own policies based upon
mre D~emocratic prinuciples, and breath
nig the pure air of national independ
nce and freedom, as typi tiedl by our
;rand mountains, our rolling rivers, and
ur marts of development andI progress.
To that endl let our hopes and actions
u'ad us; andl ini the vast and incasin gly
amst aggregation of American citizin
hip, there is no class that will render
ore devout loyalty to the onward
iarch of American enterprise and
Lmericanl progress as the rightful fruit
f the heritage handed down to us by
ic fathers, than the survivors and the
bildren of the survivors of the great
ar bctween the states; a struggle un,
q~ualed in hiistory, ancient or modern,
ud out of which has come a reconcilia
on which, we pray God. may 'me as
meting as that struggle wias g~i
)ur Spring Lines Of
Lre now being opened up,\
nd1 we find them p)rettier
nd better than we had leven
oped for,
We get them direct from
be world's best manufactur
If youi will favo.'us with
look we can certainly please
Some very d esir able~win-.
3r Shoes still going at gieat,
r reduced prices.
~ride & Patton
Greenville, S. C.
---J oTO OUS,
&PJDERl6, LlebfLBA&,
If D~eath D~ust, is not for sale bi your
'aler, we will upon reeipt of 2. cents
1d you the large package by mail post

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