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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, July 11, 1901, Image 1

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The E ditor', the. Sol(
['Tleu following sketch of the life and ti
Char leston News and Courier, was read o
the Btate Press Association, which Wits he
was prepared by Col. James A. Hoyt, edit<
was highly commended by the members of
It is iot, always easy to realize that
we spend our days and yeatrs, be they
few or many, as a tale that is told, but
the Psalmist was right in this picture of
life, and he knew and felt the lleeting
char-icter of human existence. Men
spring into the arena and for a time
their actions absorb the attention of
their fellows, Who admtio1 aid extol
their brilliancy or gaze with a critic's
eye upon their per-foriances, great or
small, and as they ascend the ladder of I
fame it is to meet the stern, inIlexible
judgment of their peers. The journilist
is p(culiarly environed in this respect,
for lie is constantly unler the search
ligh, and his failings are prone to be
seen and appreciated. Unlike the man
of speech, the orator, tihe lawyer or I
even the preacher, he comes more ofteni
before tire public view and always with
out the sympathetic sound of the voice.
or the glaiour of intonation and do
livery, to deepen the iipress4 of his ut
terances and give poteicy to his ideas.
The c lumnis of a newspaper are neces
sarily ephemerd in cha arcter, and winha t
ever genius is seimtillating there it is c
only for the ptssliig moment, with
merely a glance from tie world's tower
of ohervation and then it glides out of A
sigh'. torevcr. Tuis applies to the wm kii
of even the foremost of jourinalists, ,
who 4' namies may perclianice be p-.
petuated, but whose writings are lit eraily V
unknowii to succedirig gelerttiolls, aird
those who come after are altoget :er
strangers to their skill and abidity in l
making a great newspaper IhIacv
Grecley is more widely remenimbe red as
a Presidentia' candidhte tlin as a j orC
nalist, by the majority of A icaLs ti
day, and the pathos iof his pilitical (!.,
feat, as the representati -of(i a ptrty
with which ie was uvter alliliatti , ni:ts
completely hidden from si:: nit tilie early ,
struggles and trials of tihe yp ut. hiful
journalist, who was to forge his way to
the front by the weiuht of his iwi
genius, aid who was to go out into tile f(
great beyond with a heart broken by b
disappointment which he would have ,
once despised.
The elder Beinnett is chelIly known ! as
a ian who amliassed i money in the publi- i
cation of the first great newspaper in tI
this country, laying the emphasis on the (
first syllable. Ile was great in this re- P
spect only, and made frientid of the
mammtnon of unrightcousess. II is a
memoir is terse and unsatisfactory, aid r
yet he held a conspicuous place as the IL
journalistic rival of Greeley. Then j,
there was Thomas tichey. tire pioneer
of that cla-s who deal largely with the 1
poiticiais, but he is forgotteni 1ong 1
ago! The Richmond Enquirer and the
National Intelligencer are truly " back tj
numbers " in journalism, and yet they 1
were once a power in the land. "1 We A
spcind our years as a tatle that is told." ir
II. it
This Association has never exerted 0
itself as it ought to preserve tire history at
of journalists in South Carolina Plitis fi
have been carved out, but the fruition is '
not abundant. We are too muitchii con- ti
cerned with the things of tire present or f
too anxious about the possibilities oif thre c
future, and a retrospect of tire inst is LI
lightly esteemed in many quarters. It hi
is wise if niot tro onraginrg to keep fl
ploddinig in thir d irectionr, for we oiwe h
it to ourr coimradesi of "thre qu il airdi fi
scisso)rs " liat thei r namres anud aciive
merits shall not perish out of thre viewi
of mankind. 1in complying itih thne re d
quest oif the executive committee to pri- C
pare a paper for thris occasion, I have pi
-chosen for my thnerme the life and time.sb
of onie whoi( c:ame here as a stranger 'i
from acress thre water, bunt whose pass- 1
p~ort to the citizenrs of S3outhi Crolia E
was ati honorable record ias a Comifed- hi
crate soldier, who had volunitarily boirno di
his full share of hrardships anid dangers v
in behamlf of a people with whlom Ihe wars bi
niot allied in fortune or person The (e
brave young Enrglishmran who camre in
the ardor of Iris youth to espouse it f
cauise that comiimendel~l itself to him on c
the score of pratriotism. is sut-ely worthy, e
aftct thre passing of these yeats, to hatve r:
his name recalleod ini air orani-zation I
which Ire aidled ini forming anid placing t
upon a foundation that was strong and f
lFranmcis W\arringtorr D~awrorn was no0 (c
otrinary man. (ifted, brrIliat, magii. t
nrotic, he wast erntitled to) thre place hie ri
won among Iris felloiw-men. Living the r
yeiars oif his manhood in associatioin wvith ii
those whrom hre hatd joineid ini a (desperate
and unequal struiggle, anrd aetunated by
a sinrcere srympatlhy foi the caurse theyi
alone repr-es: cited irr thre n ide worl, rt s
i, not strange or miysteriotus thart, iris
comria 14s ini armis intiroducedh himtoi thre
inner Cii-'s of thre ironies lie han I hrelpIed
to dlefendl ' ith thre price of his bloodi arid
at the risk t his life, lie camire toi his
counitry for r 're expr~iess putrposte of aid l
lng the Soth -rn people ini their struggle 11
for indepenrt once, to use hris own
laniguaige with refer-cnce to this dieceiive
hour of his eventful career. Itoie a-s
riot scck~ig fatme, for lie crame ini it most
hiiuble capatcity, arid with no0 ex pectta
tion that tire service he proposedi toI
render was likely to ho0 protractedl. lie
"expected iio reOward arid watnted nrotne,
anid hiad ino intentIon whittever of re
maiingr penrmanrently in the Southlerni
States.' TIhero is a hauo of romnrceI
about tire young Englinhmrani its he
sought an opplortunrity for putting intoI
ieccution thre puirpose wihi ch had breenri
formed across thre seas, but wich wans I
diflilt itnd seeinligly unanttahiable.
The)( world wats regitrdinig with wronder
the mnighnty struggle which had alr-eady
enstued between thre ,North rand thre
SIouth, tire former strengtheninrg itself
evyc;' day for aun utltimat victory aiid
theo latter ,arred out, from Inter-course
with other ratioins. The Mitson and~
Blidoll -oinrversy hrad. ar-isein, and Eng
land was considered neuitral gr-ound it
least by thre Confederates. The suddein
arrivailn of Cap. ...rrn tnecnaio
in the end, yet was ever kept without
stain. rams battery was attaci(i
to Fiid's ibrig-ade of A. P. llill's divisio
mind it was IHill's division that led ti
% 9y across tie Chickalhomliny i
nit jated the fight at Mechanicsville.
was I Dawson's first glimpse of the Col
lederatt es marching to meet the enem
Which )tLame U a fanmili ar sight to hi
tfterwads The gieam in g bayonet
,he ' tC 'dy trmllp of tihe men, the wavit
Iays and the rumbling of the artillei
in the turnpike were to himi exhilara
ng and imposing, as he testified in afti
'cars. His battery was in the advane,
,id it was not long until "a pull'
Imoke and the sharp crack of a rifle
old the men that they had reached tih
neiy's line, and that t he engagemni
ad begun. The battery was luifinibere
al an open field, in full view of th
nemy, andi in a short time he felt th
ice exceinenict o ba.ttle, ruceivinig hi
aptisill of fire with men and lorbe
cing shot down ali around him. Lat
the afternoon he was struck with :
(x.e of shell, wvil :cooped out live o
ix inches of the flesh below the knee
illieting an ligl3 wound. which wa
(lra;nd td with h is hanikerchief, am
ten hmle wvent aIt-k to his post, where hI
'niained Until thie battery reti red fron
le field after sunset. lIe was taken t<
is 4 d <uart'rs in Htichiond, where hI
:ctivel the ati.mition of the noble ani
1I6u1 wOn liwll v.'ho were. assiduolus it
> kin aFte the woundevd( C ,frte
:ifl hi,, alfalt cond(uct was gazetted it
ic dichniond newsp:'f rs. hie went t<
ttei lburg n hin able: to travel, an
oneto a hospitable homle inl thl
mltry, w lere he refperated fo
eri! weeks.
M )r. ;vson lenmained in Sussex unti
1 Jitl clolnttelyv tS recovered from li
-V.rT Wu11d, :.n1d his friend, apt
'B. Pl'graim, was only two mile:
tant. I( was oo the way to f)a'
Ipl fPrkm. a visit wevii they met it
Ur' ni, Pe'erattm give him . noti
"i Mrs U. W. Hafndolphm the wift o
i of War. annunciliing thal
ved hui odere a comussion's
.1 at %P uotW :pm t " oAtilleryii
r fi ., ir. Dawsin. This newr
'ne une1L' 'p credfly :and unlsolicitedl, :t-d
'daterwards that WNlit
tegrlm ri -iriimCmndd the appoliltllel
I aCcUonn (of i Ibe:hatVil' at Mchaniits
I It w iV evide 1:1ider an act of tilt
nfdeat (on IrsS prolvidig for tht
Il(ltment oi forty First Liemteanth
Aillery fiar anigilient to ily a.
m.'Iii(U iiirs lie asked to be as
elo to 1itai laungstreet's corps
wih he :4 uo'nnested fol tih
t wm lr .e.ih joined the earfp
I C iniC t(' 1ya. ()n the re
rr ion I I- !:I Lvtown he iwa; orderei..
(i:'ral !a treet to Lake charge (if
d- rain of his corps anI
ol b> W iliamsport, and in the execu
, of this order .he fell into the hand,
the ll lly and was tancn to Fort
laar. He was exchanged in 11
ort imc and thcncelormard shared
i.11rnes of fotngstreet's corps, in
0 ri nig Lt caim paign in East Tennessee.
L,' w f'S Ptitel al the Wilderness and
is with Loigetr as he rode down
e aisk-rdtt tiht heia of his cori:s,
j:1n \victory ':s turned into dimster
that fatal mistake of the Sixth Vir
nia, which fired the -Alley that m1or
Iy wonuksiv the 11lant NMa Jenkins
' !":Ive Lfongluet a disahling wound.
w1rt5syIvani:1, (old !larbor, the siege of
Aershurg, <;uickly followed, and an
p thm to t Ie all e i.i the sumimer
LS SUAcIded by a retturn to ficiiond,
bie ,Ia order caie in November, 18 If
r Iar io to report as ordnaince ollicer
(Genemial 1itz bee, upin whose stA
serVil un1t1il the close of tie war
arch :,.1, I SIM, at the battle of Live
>rk , Lieut. I )twsoI was againi
mindtd and lie wias sent to) Hiehinond
it re friends cared for him, and wli.1n
atweke thle noex t mnorin g thle city h)adi
en evacuted~t by the Confederates and
e enemliy was in possessihn. A week
.er llill i cam the srrendier (IF lee~, andl thei
Tes of at fi 1ple Lwevre burlied Forever.
Thie tulilitr ylhisttory oF Catpt. Danwston
IS fullr inteIre:st anld ad venture, and L
s ixpertma:ce as( ia stailf tlicer served
ni adi ir ah y3 ini mlany resplects, its it
ve~ hnnl li anac fitiaitc wyithi meni
imi ei i.ry StaLLe, antd he hadu the happy
enlt of) nFiak ing frientds wherever hel
:ant. fit lie was ver'itably ashitrte
ben t~me collapse cameI in April, 1 Sf,
nde:- him ai Iid wertec t hemselve's w.'ithout
1i m,0 ad t here was littlet ofplortuniiity
i;In;Ioverilnhetd V'irginia for ai sttanger
d mitd toeannl eve the mstmeagrieili
alt ilng. forl it toI turnI uip. ile was w ith
iorads ini usse'x for aiLI t. aFter' re
>verinlg from his last wounild, anld then
ent to l 'etersbur~i ig inl search (IF emloy13
ent, lie was oni the point oIf seecurinf
Ilucraftiv VI fositionj as the drive of. I'I
'ray, bt th ol~i(wner11 thereoi~fCiefconlel
>li Imlory a sttalwart negro, andi Capt
awso n was sent ad rift. It is ludtielrow
1w to lok backy at this5 iniet, whe:i
Ce gaIllnt, coIurageous ollicer was will
1 LI to eugage iln inLeuil scryvice, bult was
i ed the place anti preference given LI
ommloni tdarkey. It is stranige th :la
ruedCL away from thiis disaippoinltmIimin
dt Ibegan miak in1g arran gemnents foi
ibl ishiingi a'small wveekfy newspaperfi~l il
iehmiondt, mi conne ~iction withu a Mr
va n", whoi. bhad in fluential relati vet
le Hicfhmiond Whig loanedf them typf
hd thme press work was. to bie (lone it
mit oIceIII, buht the Whiig hadii offen de
ol mllilittry auithoilitils, wih) closed il
oe eIstab ishmen t alndI str1an gled thi
nibryo ne1Cw spaperiI inl its very hir ithi
hlitlh tee For the Liti bingill thi
orlbii til ami~ioins of onen whoII wa
sit ined1 tIo mailke hiis miark ill thiis identi
ii lisld oF labor~i.
Thef~ next ehiort (oF Capt. D~awsonm wa
harvestingi wheat, by whliich htearnie
10, antd then lhe trilod boo11k-keepinig i1
etersbuig, fir whichi he receivedi $1
or monltht and paid *'1) for boartld. 11
Itn( decidedil~ to make anther effort oi
ii: fars, but went over' to itichumoni
r thle piurpose tof sayf ing goo d-bhyo ti
undIF. Onl ariv'1inIg t here hie wasl inr
rule! thInt NIlt. II. Rtivtes Pollard, wiu
teen the manaui'ginig editor oIf thi
mliner. din1 inig the wari, was abut!It
ure h0im as 15f lcd reporiIteri. He celo se
Liade with Pol lard' lit $20 ai week, an
isionsl oIf cominilg wealth were befor
inm. Mr'. B. 11. itiordan, who had beel
oiiiected with tuhe New Orleann Delt
a i nd Was afterwards tie managing editor
d of tile Cirilestoln Mereu-v, was In 0
n, the Illost conspicuous vmbers of thle
ei editori'l staff, and ther spiang it) be
Iween him anld Capt. Dawsou ai inti
It lacy aind friendship that ripulled iito
Soser b nlillness reitions ill a few vears
y. ulld the irm nne of Iiordan & Daw
11 sonl, Charleston, S (. The Exainer
4, had leell under the editorial mIIanavC
g lielit (of Maaj. ,ohn %I. Dan iel dui ing i Ie
y war, and was chiefly read for tCbe ait lit3'
- and Caustic style if' its etitorials, which
r critieisel relentlessly the conduct. of the
j, war by Mr. Dtvis and his cabinet. Ma j.
of Daniel served oi the stalf of A 1. Hill,
and was seriouts!y 'wounded at Uaines'
e Mill. It. Iives ['ollard was the assis
t talt editor lit that time, an d afterwaids
d became the mtainging editor lie Wats
e not gifted or bri!iait likc Dlliel, ilt
u he had all indrdinate amhition, and it is
i nOt s11rprisilig thatt Ie mlaiC tIeC Fx
a amtine1r after the war' tle velicle of
3 abuse and can iiIly uipoll others, w% Ieich
brought hlimi into n)oto- iety and cause Id
r hostile meetings with this 1from whom
l, (dineed, lie wias lrrogant and self
c lceited, full of bravado tlt a extreieluly
I cmcrless ill iIs statellicit . alout (Oter
'rmi.lTe Federal! col-miandr at Riicb
i mnd ezled posseHSsion af tile (lIlieC ald
I vilspended the publication of the Ex
anxiner on account, of imalilinant articles5
I in its olumns, lut the I ri..elit issued
i a peremptory order fio its I:lease
Capt. Dawson Cl.joye)d h1i a work upon
tie xaminer, and was d lway-.; ill the
i iclk(st of tile light wihci P'lard Iglt
i lito dillicuilties, wilich w :s tilite fre
quently, i)aws:mll IlLakl he. 1 in a tollnil
for fo fur yeatrs, and doua t b-,,as v erse
to itin a1dull tino- The ver-y day
tilat thll E4.xamjinerl was1 suspnde b~y Ill(
lnliitary' authl-1ritiw4, tilt lrapa ihl,rIs alt
tile Dipmteh nCIII for ('apt 1) ysonI 11a
o)fered him at salatry -f : pe' 11r m-ek, Il
Which Mir. Pohard Illla. at.> bji -.
ald lie Weilt to Vill)" :tt one". ltl till.
Dispatch, where he wa egiSlativC :tL'0
local reporter, aid soln LainedllC(l tile C Ili
fidence.of is emlI )evrIA, w4ho treated
him llute hanudsomet. y, acord0ing 1.4 hlis
Owl aeCCOIlt. Whel i lift. tLil! Di).
PaCII ill SeAteiher, 1866, Ille 1eCeived Ia
warm11 expression of tneir sentimenits
frim Mr. .Jl. A. Cowardin, edilor aof the
Disisatcl, front wiom letter is 4liutdlltI
tHe. following: 1" Displcil Vill
ilis your vauhable contrib u1 tions aild
yourI intelligent andLperseving elf a
to promote its interest-;. alld inr ea e its
attractiosll. I canl trlly say tilat I Ielver
knew ai gentlemia more earnest ill I
energetic, ill tihe pursulit ao i.r11ralism,
whi1le you havpe displayed acmls
ments fmr the lprodifession that are r:e
and ilvaluable. Socially, we will :II
eel a great l', ill pa tillg witlh yu, 11111
tile rclilections of our. iltelrcourse -vitih
you will always be agrn cable. W hi i Ic
your own talenlts aLl bearing will cmi
m1and rei-pect for you ill every com mni
ity, and your. gallantry inl 'ite ",!outh 1 erIn
cause wvili conmnend you to tile iospilLI
ity all friendship of' every Soutliern
m.an, I teider you my most earnest and
heartfelt good wishes for your pros
perity ind happilless ill life."
This was "praise from Sir lubert,"
liteed ! 'rile conservatisml of tile Dis
patch and its disting uisied editor wasi a
marked fcat'ure of its Inanagemen, ill
those das, ald this v iua3y tribute to
tile talent ild Ilerit of Capt. Dawson
must haive made a profounllI impressioll
upoll tle yoIllng joillrlalist, Whok) had bI esi
tated to accepit a position as local report
er on the EItxamiiner because of an lionest
doubt 1as to Ilis litncs.s faor the work. It
wai wile they Were botl engragedI oll
tile Examiner tiat Mr. Riordlin had
brojacledt a pl.a f 1 ,artin a chap nd
popular newspaper ill ChJIarleston, whe:re
ho tholigit tilerc was ta 11line field for a
ne ows y, bri gilt and ene Iget iC j rtlllnal. 11
had not takell any steps ill that direction,
for lie was ,vaitin.g to Jind the right sort
of a lmani, and lie had bell convinc
tha~t lhe anal I)awsaonCI~~ co llmake aL sle
cess of1 such a1 new ',spap erI ill ChairlestoIn.
ha)ow, very i')propht ic were the [wordsl? of
reliz~e thlat tiley, were I specialIly ad11pte'd
ta) eachI other. htiordanl had11 no(t full I
gauged tile c:aaity ofi is) pro spectivye
partner C, ho1wever, for I iln d iscussine tihe
dtetaiis of their proab1l~e ventureC he was
careful to admuonl11ish himI that lhe (I a w
son1) "cotuld nolt ado thie ed itoriat writing,"
andi they woldh hlave ILo engage a nlian
for thlat, ser'vice llow~ little we knlow ofi
men11111 unil wC have testedl thleir' mletl
1a1nd tprovenl thlem by) ex perienee.
Capt. D ILasonI waslI in11trum~ental, whiiile
conn iectedl wVithI thle I) ispatch, Ill formalilng
a (Confederate Memorllial Ass1ciationII, oneI
of tile earliest ill the( SouthI. Ill tile
Ho(llywo~od and( )i O akwoa ac(emeteries lat
liihon heI)i~ I(1saw' that thle graves of
thi rty thlousan~d .soldtiers, who'ii ihad gi ven
thii ir lives fall tile deCfenc o1(f thle iIty,
were iln danger oC(f taetIng niegl ected unle Mss
there' was aln organizedtla elfaort to kueep
1- them iln order Lid tnurkl~l thm CIIu11itaLy13.
le b~eganl tao agitate the subhect inl tile
I)ispaLIth. and me~t w ithl aI IIIatriotic rC
sponse15, fall when1 t theC womaaen of1
ltichmiond everI fait tol h1onor thir~l lIved
defendersl':i' Memoliaril (11ay brough~'t It
sulspenlsian (I business, wh~ien the utlili
tarly Iorganizationls wenut outl to I llly
wood~aaa, accomlipai edt by hunlatdd of
w ais Ii xed foall i t ime to IcIome11. Th'le
raink growth of weeds was elearedl lawaiy
and1( the graves werIe rearr111 ane, andl~
tile piltlan V wee inaulgurate d faor bitingila
the mionumllent wh11ieb sI) well gr'aces
- beautiful 11(o1lywoodl. Mrs. Mac~farlandu,
til.e pre'tsidtlL (If thlu. MemCiaIli AssoI ciaI
tion, sent. a letter of thlanks( to Capt.
D'awson wVhell lie was 1 alt ta l eavye
I iichmondIt~ , inl recognlitionl of is
"'VaI lable andl dtaistinIIguiishled ervices) Ill
adacinCiig 01ur soICemn and11 SaIcred pur-1
poe, anud ex pressin rij. egret t losin11g
Shis coulnae1s, wvith best wVisheCs fori hlis
suIccess andi~ happdin ess. Accomp IanIy Ig
the letter waas a1 "slight memobl rial"' iraom1
the ladies, which waH a set of stulds ad
sleeve butttons (If rgold, w itih the Con -
federate batttlIag in enam:~beIll eaChI ofI
I It is a singullar fact that1 theC newspa
per pro'(jec3t for Chlarlest( In was kept4 inl
VIW ylw y Itiordlan even whell thier~e were
I chan11ges 11hat sielamed to tbl bea11rinIIg thIeml
)ad rift from suc.h a1 tpurpiol'. Whlen D ).w
- 81)n left the IOlspatch lhe weet into a tile
> expre-s1 ibusinessl with a Cot~npanly tilhat
[3 coillapsed ver'y soon1 afterwaird, and t
I RtIordan (lilt not 1long3 rImal w1131Vithl the(
lIfl Exainr, bult Went 'to work Ill ash-41
I ington, D) C. ie t hen niecelpteda a posi
1, timn on the Charleston Courier, anld
when Col. It. Barn wellI lthiett was~ abouit,
1 to r'estume theO pulicationI of thel Ciarles.
1 ton Mervy ho naika mti,-ala t., tlik(
1. h he. The one ray13, of hopu und en
a , ( count Iem .t w4huh i ': inntl'iately
t to the nghteI it11im LIt w :s the
In invill eihllt 4 . 'II e o l indomitable
enlerey sh w b :p.I w n Ills
Said: "AitII with the all(]t In al1 l
k thorough inte'1rpri1 e ill getting the nost
terrible local nlewsi ever rcx .rded in an
Amer~~~''1 tian( ~ It newapr, ot ai1 wich
.tion, wve fi.:d i e ior' ms se
t Iltiel anld lInesr tntatiOns p o it
'trelngth ofI hoipe and qolid fLuttl h)1'A.i.h
thiltigh every paragrai'h." l".ur days
after t a' ful l stI4( had( fallen piln
(Ul'irleston wihli it was in) the! nitkI. Il
t il, IlloSt appalb .g c nition , the g vrlLt
healrted 1i1-:ry \V rady was itherc, andt(]
be . rot. - , c 'as filloiws : "1 Perlhalp the
-lii liltil gr~d 1ews ailt' inl it;4 Cain
111n11111y was necvel s1 1hw in a 11ore
II, k . h t A v thl e n ay o r
the tly V id o r indccd any other
I t I 1r H4 wa , th, I n blc111 d appaUls to
( I ' n , r -.1, ice, Nlug'elitiol
u !14 \\ :I a ' Ib it ) .a 1- lii
hat iu t t v I -( r t 1n' ! ) h. - pc ill the
brI. S ill . , V .1:4 1.1O C,. henL
tienn, -it hah ; t rn b fo th
1411r l I thl- : 1 1. sIiiI 11' tilt
iltera :hin1 t.I( . - -it 41441 I I h s -
In1 1, 4r 1 II, l tt, ii .s}111lid
Ie dl 1 1 : A Ij:t i441n
B ill the e 1r. ilf Cat.
b a VIin t y h-d
in1 Ilk r (1. -t\
, he .a i", 0en.,f ) i
Ilh) 'Tis n . heI
w, 1. lhe A a I. r
.1, 1 ':4 .. [ih. 1 a, t 0 c Niv ' II r.
I tII I 1 . '4 i h d i nl .,. . I 11., 41,, ' j
'h1 411 :1 i it , I i .. 1' (1 1- 1 , - I . ,
C4(441.4( 0 I 'l y \4'4' 11 i I*,
" -li kil (-d b .*~ 1 . -o -,l i ( t ili , -' it Oil ill 1'r
. tI :. 11(6111 ,;12 tit ''' .V.11
It'11 1 11.2, t I I 4I 1 11 1 L 1 t4 44 * u , I 4 I* 'I* H ic
I44 it4. 4 ' !t 1.1 111 1 c ~ . i.411t.ft lt
the14 iL I . i w . ''i re pr4 e d44
I L I 11.1 y 1 . .1, h 1 i' 4 w ,I Id ll
T t. it . '41 w ' 4 (1it , I I I I l '4),4ltI'1 4 : ll4 ll
fe I , wI I - li.I I I'i ' I(I
itLI it ?1'L I l' I4 44 I I! I4 4. 11';411 i
tiln'aha II't Mih NN Isw i u ye n t
4k:-d .'. 4 I :'44! h III li II
1b114 1 1al , A. l t 1 Iinwi' .44.4.i . II l
h iY ' ' , Il fI:h v f ' o ' tI r 144.
" tilt uI :l . t ,
. l ut e , <' '"I'':h-4.ii 1114''4 - IuL I.
1 1.\ nd jlIe n il: l4':iI.l 4 e'IrI, 41-14. 11.i I'l '
col ne i wih lm w -l --r-n a Wl
rw l - Ite i j lle 11''. i.4 11 f t
Ir!"4 1 1 It 'I. ' kI 444 rIl' :I q) , a 111 .I 1" lt
he pn111 c44 11 -iwra it I I); th l 'i I 4111 I iI
-, aII I. - 4 II 441 1 -i 4 14 s I I I r 114y 1 i ('44I1it 1414'- 1)
IIi I d f v. 1' I t 1h a ri . I1: I I. k , the I hc .
f ll Ii I I Iinv I InI w i ro-- l
Ie't I 4y 4'. rIc I I r4 Ilin , he bII:
I I : If 1 W 'ri4 11,4i4 iln i [ .'111 i4ll hI I e '
of inter1 sl.- Ij)
A\I I111. ifl tI yea r11 4( r I I it ! ,\I .. IM
I41 I w enI '% - inI I .1 t T r r-it. o4' ry , tIn- dc 1 I ry b
|t1u1 tilypr un tIv'(', -tlol ilinedi:11ely bec- il
:41 t o p ro I III v I i I ThIeII laj1 I 11 m
. Iu, 11 14' C (y III' I I r4 1 :1 itd coI pre-- an
il 1 1 11 f I Il\*j,' l I t 14tlj.I' ) ,
I Ih.- I vI I I' I'(- ; ' I r I .. I44 q 1 w-j h In -
Il I ':1:1ili 'Il 4114 y \441I I i i'I 411' (I
I ni I-'. - 44 , ill I f I p h 4411. I
1tf I
wIII the I e r44 4 I tr\ 4' 4111d 4r4su e 14 f :1k I
(' 1 4i i' 41 .1ev 4r 1 14 11i: : 4,'I -. T lw :~
w ile of i u :w r a ) , a o~n:m4m
at11 '1114 X 11.1ng l n nIbrL w (41 11f4 M(wr u-1111
'4411 IIf II h city :-I L 444 r ls: lii1hI ILfl(111"r 4
4.h 4 e irI , b 44111 4)1'44 4 4. n ( J4';(,' . iI
114i4 Ik , 114h1e .4 i rL~ n- ui o 19.fe'. a 'ui'
br.iIni-h' (wr Ionlt'i 444'40l1w 1 tur- 1. forlr
jIII V ' n-ll'- ilj ( llptI rI t -o I'1 'pc f e
td. lLin r tmia eiss( lora ViI1'Iim
wandd tlwre ido avetmsed fio catj 001
"I have used Ayer's Hair Vigor
for a great many years, and a,
though I am past eighty years of
age, yet I have not a gray hair in
my head."
Geo. Yellott, Towson, Md.
We mean all that rich
dark color your hair used
to have. If it's gray now,
no matter; for Ayer's
Hair Vigor always re
stores color to gray hair.
Sometimes it makes the
hair grow very heavy and
long; and it stops falling
of the hair, too.
$1.00 a bottle. All drugglists.
I f yotr <trugist Cannot Suply you,
Real 111 11am cl ar andl we wi I express
yaa a oi tle. lie suro anl givo the name
of your totare'st rl)reas otfice. Addrew,
J. - A Y EIt CO., Lowell, Mass,
ta-e 'ver*y year the British ship
inakes aI trip to the Island of As
tan :a111l letu1rn1s with a cargo of
114ls. ht rin wh ich royalty is supplied
It soup.
I i is iliated that there are 6,000,
I i-ach t iees in (eorgia bearing this
a, :11 Iinit. the crop, notwithstand
a bda hacks, will amount to 4,000,
t vraes, worth $1,000,000. This
is tiot il-lutIe the amlount consumed
It al 11 u
I 'ar 111btt er, cheese an(] eggs would
inuanl the best prices. The dairy
ni I ls that those vlio are looking
'im Int ry places will give more for
11e1L t have InI es'tablished nlama
(t ionutaion. lit short, it would pay
' aiin-' ti adivertise judiciously, as
'ays any aither biitiss mttan.
in t lie ari'ieniltural (lepartnent of
illun'g ta they are propagating new
I-l liat:! af wheat by selecting and ar
(eat pot tiailization. Soimte of the Va
.lies paitaaaeed a11re far ahead of the
- varial its previously cultivated. It
,tinutedt Ithait they have added $22,
11Q1111) tat the valie of the Western
t1n-al rop.
A rs. W 11. Ilurnett, of Jasper, Tenn,
i' f thi e head itlier of the Jasper,
I I., tlurlmg mills, has just given
tl ta Iouir chibdren all of whom are
inot well. l'revious to the advent of
asaa habies Mis. liurntt gave birth
I ripalets, mid then twins. The couple
I; been married five years and ten
uirenI 110w adorn-1 their hlomel.
raiiink Stelhzindller, the driver of an
Prss wagt il Denver, began the
ict ice tlbt tll'I wo years ago of placing
its uiler the feet of his horses where
y stood. lie was actuated by a feel
of kidntiess to the allimals, but it
brought him considerable business,
1 thert is talk of the local express
!II's t1utn1n asking all members to
)lit the(, prnctice.
Neveral tiethods of preserving the
Iit ia I olor of presse5cd flowers have
Iin suigges'ted, baut thle best, it is saidI
tinat uased iln the New York botanical
ardeni. After' the~ specimlens have
in tailelre'9jsure for a (lay or' two,
-y in-e hid in papers hteated in the
ta tuni Ithis is repteatedl until tihe dry
im t'otinplete. This preserves the
'aars perfectly.
W hilte.1lain llegaun, of .Abilene, K~an,
as aaat tnving his hlounds exercisae the
her aday thle dog~as stated at rabbit anid
Vae ebaase. lhutny rain straight for a
a s ('oulrb, dodtaged beneath a wire
aeia wvithi whIch the ground is sur
iinltat :ot goat awvay. TUhe (logs dil
t sat..e the sceen and crashed into it,
ei atnn woth $8350 being killed
I iaho I inalley, of the blt. Louis cir
it aourat , is fondta of ai qutiet joke. A
V onanlIl~l, somll onliied for jury duty,
Slal rad to b relheved. "Schudge," he
d, "'I cain nicht unde(r~stand English
tt." I Atakinig over the ciowded bar,
a eye tilledl with hlumlor, the~ judhge re
ed : "( lt, you ennI serve I You
ama'L htiva to undler~stand~ good Eng. '''
hi. Youi wonl't, hear an~y hlere."
'l'hae bardl of health of the city of
1 vestoim1 ilarranging for a large sup
y otf oil from the fcanmlOnt wvells, to
it eda in faightLing mlosqulitoes. The
I wilt he ichstriibuted in all the stag
mit Itools ini the city, sprmllkled1 on the
rface ofi water ill the gutters and (118
Ihtaedca free tao the owners of openl eIS
rita for ilS ill destr'oyinug mosquitoes
ali lie l ever-brleeding germs which
lleet im the ptonds.
Thieire is a pr'ospect, it seems, that
taryhiand tad Virginia may be able to
Ml tr'anlgas tat their anlnual crops. The
parit mtent of aigricultu~re is making
peimenhtctts that promise well for these
tes. l'ive years ago the first exper
tnts were begun wttth the Japanese
'ange, which is extenlsively used( for
Mlges. hatoer the sweet orange was
-artedl upon( this hairdicr stock, and
es r'epresenlting~ thle cross are grow
ag vigorously in tile (departmient
counids in WVashintgton andl are now
>vere'd with blossomns.
For Infants and Children.
[he Kind You Have Always Bought
Bigzuture of
his old place, but this olerwas de11clie
liordan ad vised Ihat )awson he given'
phlt4e onl the Mercury, aid Co'. Ithe
eint him t ltelegratui, which ofl 'ed it
al = on the paper, req cut iit
his ionediaite presence in Charleston
lie aIr'ived there oi the 10th of Noven
her, 'Ii , anid I nexl. (liy went to wor
inl the ot1he of the Nicrcury
I'he Ci.rlestiln News ha1d heen esta1
lishied by Cathcart, .\cehillan & Co , min,
tilt ren owm-r.4. v.4 Mi BIe11jibonin \Vood
of' New York. liordlan indt said tha,
" Th'le Chreso ewspapers ere ver
slow andit -fs io e , but this remarl1.1
had no reference to the N. vs, which lva
conducted in a l)ilI. tha nunk41 it su.
cessful in at certin Fvense, butI the n'anl
agonient fln the whole. wva. extravagant,.
an14d its waning fortinles indlu.ca liwIrtk
to seek cintro)l of the News l1e vitite'
New York in the iutiumi, of 17 ain
opensed netg-otiations with AIrU W.oodk
which resultd fithe n it-li t f 2 16,i1r
d12,n, lbmwson &k () , thle unknowi tilet-l
her. being 'NIr.- W..i, who) had a l we
thirds interest. The Oibiite or thu
() d tirinl weret a.MIned hv their su~cces
So's, and 41 with ai indebte Ic4ss of $:!0.
100. it coupl fhI' preses and1 I it ti
of old ty pe, t he young ntien st I out Ahver
flyto) cmlyto.er anld ovC COOni ever)
dillicu1lty. 11n1). ly ewspaper ta1. le , coupl
led with energy and .rd wo; , clh
'L've I t With Itucce .nder tu Cit'
('Ilt I'al InIW(es lIt t 1 . were Irl4il1ers to li h
people I ll' Charh 4-sto fir NI ''. bin 4's pre
vimus -eshdlnce wa-s at a imei wh nci all
11he aLi .! oted men%% I 1 i n I. aLII
ait no period Inl hli-, ife. did be( wst :11.
tim e ill b 11biil 4.4 Iiri isu is a141 aiali
Lances H iis phive Aais 1"I ic o:tipor, alit!
s b1: lm did bit! '.I w 1411r n it Cliev
unertodthel v:il %lid insportan.LICe C
nl: 's, :111t I he4)1 . , l
th i r t Ipf r %4 Ip Il it own nam
w t b . 1 wr!4.4 lilh . rtt 1 1 4 'i 40, ilt a
strmig hIla finlt e city ,%It(d Il, the
S1al . I4 I I ibsce.w . hig tha:t ' , r.
ws ;I eI It ial wriI er .I.t ,i'til nw at
abih ty at tht, be1hn, :iIo tl t cautio.y.04
manl f r that woi k di t lt''I need tol be
carried out
V Il
It wouI d he: prllitabil owetrit
details "f thn IV(enhd work wh4ib
ean111d 'm t atil . tw 4.4 n a high repu' 4 .
011n aS L jour1nalRist, f-Ir it WAS in t no'.'1t10
frt:uneliti that place.1 him1 caiiy in .'
fro tll, ra k ofI li inel whoIm knew hli ow.' 11
enrich a% ne.a e .ith thoughtl aind
informiation, bult( the iiinis3 )If this.- skctch
are alrea4dy remahed and only a vjiinpse,
Inlay ble givenl of the twenity year, work
which fOllowed his c4n1' 111 nt n1c l with 114
Chri lstin N) ws. Thu c:15c Il'ie 411f the
.\lerurythe con1i1Ct .i t1 1f the
N Stnd thet.- Coumrier ade lilt iti r tni
ad pro itie 1 l.1 int which toU hh1r 11ft
(o kingf baCk t11 1 tits days it is 11 easl tis
'(ue that Ca1pt. 14t11wson1 was r4. illy to) Ltak4
a1valltag 4f Li. , ip 14rtuni'h whie
let! to pr uin lie' anIllt inlthei-nI in te
l(1u111cl 1 f the a ,s r opr(e(tAnIeCad tI),'
th4( political inirty it which Ile w a.1 lt
Itched lin nany respect s he wa,.is th
nmost, active anid vigiant of public Yer.
vints inl his day and genet.1 rat1.tiln,'ad it (II
him may be41 IWjustly asribd tI epli
tion Ind develoIlaeiti )f many laudabhL
enterprises. industrial and p 1liticl. i1
Lthe batter field lie nmade! suine srious
iniisakesu asohern viewed ithn bua he
said, in at privat e letter in) the(! hea1t off the
ylrrlimill ary 1ight, of ;6, bie wa,:Is a 44lways
read ..y to yield tit the najority of his as
s41 e its an1 d 1114 11an lIt-w 4' ttl. ta' n
hic did how to yield wvith gramce and
1i4.(ilill4 14.1 >(445144 Ii ':' h!it
Li the earlit.j er taes tl his carver ts
In iLluinLial citizen, i , jlay k,- rIli4,c
.that(he did his bt. I wk a. a wi.5nher
Af LIe 'aix. lIyrs' Cnventins,1in which
hie canite in close conitactl With thle chiest
mnd stnIgest l1en il te1 1411, whom were.
int: t pn)i L rn 4 i.41 h frightfuil inei -
buis which1 was literadly eating, the vitalsA
114:of 1 I the boy oolt' A4 an echter1 he daid3:1
a full.in sha 1re i t organi.ing 41 heinovement,'3 4
aie h I nnlly F'ii 4)Ii shai ng0 a4 141i: y I:ti Vt!
arousei he 14 utante5 worb41.! t444 t4( he 44 de r.1441
precursorl o the revo41'1II .(lutn wh14ieb
fule .l )are i t hI '414 insta c, although
lowing wa.' s patr4' io:ticl Iti we1.sII no1ht a .
Wel' 14444 illts'L. i ht.-e 44 14 ..:4
5)(fr gret, 111tilldu! ri.44.111 41d4 inv ne i s j 14t h'
Stati1114, tCapt1. )awson was14 a pIon14ler in
g~fltci'piite Sout Ilik te 1.11t'3 a... nee 44
devet)lpinent of4'4 'our re.ources. If th4C n14..'
thF mil to~r) thel4. cotton' " was a i:li'1:t
lier and the Patriot
nos of Capt. Francis W. Daws;on, of the
i the 4th inst. at the annul negJin of
d at Gleni Springs. q. C. The sketeh
r of The Creenville M ordaJ jinver. andt it
the Association.)
)f the steamer Nashville, in the dokk ati
Southaiptonl, Was the signai of hope to
,c youth wh) was waiting a 'k ebauce to
xceUte hils project. lie Went to South
Lilptol, and (here for the first time far
a the distaice lie saw a 1:1g "'which v ;
mlitirely new and strange,'" ht, wiiich lie I
Vas; destined to follow tlr ough success i
mid defeat uutil it wAis furled fo)rever atl
Ipp 'iomatt ox. i'he aikbilL, a D di gnitv
if Capt. 'egrain imprcs:iUd t he adtlvin
urous youth, who wias dooed(! tU mcou
vith isappointmient oil the i threshohkl (t
lis anxious; purpose, h'4vr, 3 the
'alianit, oldI naval ofiltcer wN zhiige"'t
-fuse him as a passenger, but hinted i
hatt Ie would ne4e;>t himl) :t a, i r 1- h
ore the mast, if he were a nio a en I t
ist hi the service, lich op.1n: 1he r
vay for his conuin.l le was jt3s.t L wi y
mike years of a, wIich was about thie
Iveragt othe meit4n then inl ihle Con
ederate ranks. :uvi he was going to (...t
lis fortu es with them], w1ih utan
.ith or kin inl th e far (f:1 n r Ht' .
t Watt natural and inevitabhli "hat the t!
|:)wer of our "vn hind 1mid ~nek WiK i
aerifice, for 'v, !;had be'.tau t )
(icet the contiSt now bein e:
or a generat'iwn tib. bW d h i1.'
eatin~g on bolth side' ., bh; h1 was ony 2p"l
eaed the us . roe i- aor 1 ut(3 th
his youth. who h '..d a h1 -.
colile it lmeWi, %:d w . io! n a b
C prorhattle und re su t ! ut m i ti :.(74
I llg, therevilg nohe ne " Ofthf :i u l
1Cn tofat com:noi w iith t - t- .n 1 f '
ight ua i the ardor o! p . hA ti.hic, ' h' I
lid1 t u' borme (itfhe :e 4 , wer- it
lready w.ering tie gray .l( ' in
l d '; ers :o teci ing in4, :n-t oll t.
heun tie ' Nasjhy hjan:the wloblue I h
e i. h Nrbor . BIuf t, N. C , on 't:U . -
hie thefolation yu. who was ht F
it Ith Ioul t "nd licert a tv, i n uul : t
et describw e Othrs w 'e C:Li:l to y
tU d. hc rvtuae In v'l r e11 IS Li I
ect wxith f'rie!-ok and rehvevd, he ' i
ll1 as I:g wvr(I vo i 1.)0111 ! %!:0 Xi -,t, :i b
d e of Ik ,th at t ' \ it a ithat ''nu hant
bich onIy tuirwi , f Niu1h, 1 : I I y v : ,nd cfll .,
vity w ouhi i revere in the tring .h s
I soon ahend of him.
ft would m)! in Ftst ieg tof follow thu
>rtunes of the rot1.g' Enli 1after
_! reached the sh1ares "t his a !opted
.id, wIlere the god of ar.it- wase ram
tilt, aid w 11 ver m n Ula 114Id ti'
lilod wt e wuas destined to l:e was Fr
Itensely anI d I O :c!uiively -ts a ed in
ie progress and result of thle strugg v
n the voyage' he had ri'sen irm t e t
lace of a connion szailor ',o the corni i
ential it eht itief Wae' m) 1ate. " d
nierwards w10 prl dto m1' ' ihip
an, in wlh 14 pa ity he w's liven o: '.
ignmet t oile t% I 'el re h i 1hip, " C . w
d tdeftat ," thenl in the o tll (ig al b
orfolk, Va This rapid 'rom'etit a. '1
a6ily <11 to t1he i:ience of CII pt
egram, baseid upOnie his rcvognit ' nd , :i1
orth Mir. Dawson, ra which Atood 1
le latter in good Steal t hie t- left th 1
A vy . 1apit. Pegram wasi ord1red ie e
p rih, I)r.3 teo take ca'nidi' 1 iOte
on1-chl I. Louisiana," Which was hulb- w
g 1t New Orleis, and Dw n wash f
liere to accompany him, whIeh en-- '.u
led tile id tshilmal to trv y rail i
" PtIelrsb rg Va., to Jlack.oln, uii s ,
hr tile information was receivid that
to Lnited Stats fleet hi iattacke:l the W
>rtS beiow'.; l, New Orle9, caus1ng the W
ty o refue11 evcaei'd.i g On thI trn tii
al ben, mtro by thelonfeirate ith
Iee, llilvle ththW V11 111iriiaL " ha !
ilie niy h ad of the Vlnemy.a It'
aso apprt, that1 the( onfederate litw1
meerns, 'a s ere wa n45 clt an open i
tar,'' whichs t anheok i te Iasl
eing madte mjor eperfee, tivery~p dt.
Ioun ofatsson had b ten hint 41 to anF ire w
gnaaing abautery whih was dlyintew
thmlm a ?i r n hc eto oa

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