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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, July 18, 1901, Image 1

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VOL 1i.--NO. 2s~ PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, JULY 18, igo'.
Trial and Conviction
Conlitingil~ tt ments T
Newspaper correspollentst are reviv
img the ilost. noted tragedy of (reen
Ville ill its earlier days, and circuimI
statiial accouits ale given inl licIi
there are evident errors and coli licting
statements, but, which w1e entirely.ex
nsa bie owing if) the lat. t hat these
Correspondients are writin.g from the
memOy of others. The killing. of Dr.
Robinson Ea-rle sixty-three yeairs atgo
might have been forgottii or at least
very dimly remembered even inl tireen
ville were it not that ie belongedl to
anll illustrious famiiily, Whose deseenl
ants are very numerous inl the com
m11uity, and that his slayer was Wil
liamii L. Yncieey, who becamite a famous
leadrl' ill the sceiol ovemienllLt of
1860, more tun twenty years a fter the
tllfortunal"te. eneounlier which edi
Dr. Ezarle's life and which doubtless
embitLer( Air. Yacey 's eXisLen1CC
long afterwards. Mr. anIccy's promi
ne(iiee as a lawyer aid politician inl
Alaamia never diminished the itnoto
I iety of i this sad trigel dy, and ill fact.
olly aidded to tle perpetuity of the
story iml succe ig years.
A coire-p(iilent of tile irmingihiam
A!, -JIlerald, who miiade a visit to
Greunville not long ago, hats giveln the
followiig naccnt of the Irag :'
There still sanids Il Mail street,
Greenlville, S. C., the ane ii1l red brick
courti house of (ureeniile t allity, ill
which thle imiortal Williini L. Yanccey
was tried, convicted and sentenceit for
the manslaughteil (ir of -i obeirtsi on larle,
theni the liel of' the fitoius E1I arle fam
ily of South Carolili. Thalit creuirre.l
about fifty yearis ago, though i orget
the exact date, ani i a vel't got Du
lose's ' Life f Yancey ' within reac'I
at the moment," said a traveler last
VWhile I vas inl Gr'im iville recently,
a member of the E'arle anily, a learn
ed young lawy .rI modestly proud o1f' his
illustrious race, reiated 1 M what I
ai-Iccepted 119 a failily Version o t1 1:ha1 fa
mu4 11S t rigedy, and he said it lii l never
been inl plnjit. As the story rni, Yan
ccy, 'hiei a priaeticing laiwyer, was at
that tiie a taciturn bu1 it somlewihat hiigh
tempered 111 ilpethulos maill whell
arousedf aml( was ceasily aroused at all
tilmes. Ilis frield Earle's sol, a young1.
boy, one (liy offcred aniieey very of
fensive rudeness in tile public street,
and YncIeey thoughtlessly struck tle
boy a imiild blow.
"in a moment Yancey regrettud the
act, thouigh feelin g that lie had just
cause for it, aid he sough it Earle n111d
told himln the circumustaaes, Sayinlg I hat
lie was greatly provoked. IhIs seise of
propriety, he said, reqtiiuid him to seek
the father of the hoy and tell him tihe,
story in pes'ol.
" EIrle answereiid inl ieCndly spirit,
and11( said it was all right with himn11; tiat
ho 1coul1d eastily v esadhs i
sonli's cond(uc't as related byv Van(ey
mnight provok44le a gentlemuan . The Iwno
mlen sepiarated on mu il'st am11UileC terms11.
Th'lat occutrred~ in thle mormi'in1g.
"' At 1noon Earl e et hom11et to hiis
iddlay dlinner~i, accordmiig to cuistoml
that prle vils still iln (zirinvill e, and toLi
is astom shmenlt lhe found Mr1\ is. Earle
ini a high state o~f exciteimeiit. 't'he
boy hiad gonec home and told the miother
about Yanicey' hiaving' sti uick him, andii
she was paii~onaitely anigr'y. It seemls
that at first. Earle sought to so(othe his
wife, butt she played upon)1 his feelhngs
and1( soon got him wro)ugLht til in anger
againlst Yaiicey. Finally his wife de
mlandedlthat lie shoul gio dIown townl
aind have it, out wvith Yanicey. Ile
airmied hiimselfI and wett. N ohody
ceer yet dioubftedl the coutrage of an
" Eal foud Yancey at a famous
laverin w.itini at few pa(cs oif theC court
* , 'u~se, oil the site no(w occuiedC~ by
ti(reeniville ihuiy News buiildini,
ai violenit, ifuarrel arose at once.
Altinstanlty Yanc:(i(ey dre'w a pistol
amll '\', E'arle deadl.
ti onei' of thegretet senlsa..
fiornsiA elhistor'y of' a St ate f'amious
nide cii traigedhies. Vanney was
0.anid~ conlvicted (of manl
slaughter, ai ticc o e no
4 nnpi~5Olli~(ai'h f~lrgetting out111 of
-i the'ot4 oved to Ahlaami,
setthngry la ab >~i'l))orhoo of Monit
extraordlinary car~ once luiegan t hai
ity which m~ore thi j. ohtilni(t ain
-Idual force aediiSi oithem'r ihy
betwveen the States, t ast1 r'ous war
hie was iiot to live to) 0 dt of wichl
is The old :our'thlouS,
.a smaltosoyatenil
- i(lO and with 'its wal14 of ired
thikhss t s as5 subs5ta -4ect ii
i.wis when built more th ~as
The piublicationl of the
statemnent,, wlih a el 0
numbi1l'le~r ol neCwipape~
hioilt out the fol)'lio it~'
article from Prof. \V- -.iic
Ander'son Counu, hi ~ll(C
triact from Dugosetu hi'sti'ory
j Yalncy's life, which mna.
ra'ded as fairly autheniti in
2 ~the details of the originalit
>'rof. Dicksonl writes:
the Yaniecy-EarleC tragedy mi
of Wm. L. Yancey.
iat Are Not Surprising
ville many years ago, which appeared
in the Birmigliham Ago Herald recent
ly and which the Intelligencer c:pied
last week, does not tally with the ac
counA contained in DuBose's -'Life and
Times of Williama L. Yancey"' in sev
eral very imjportanit particulars. )u
Bose got Iis facts relating to tie hoimi
icide and the trial of Yancey from the
files of Ti. : Gi.i:1.:Nvi it: AlouNrraiN
-: :nI. Bonjamnin 1. Perry was inl
charge of' the pnpmr at the time, and
he doubtless wrote the accounts from
which Duflose drew. The rec rd as
it appears in " The Life and Times of
William L. Yanceev, a highly valuable
contribution to the history of the coun
try, by the way, may therefore be ac
ceptedi as authentic.
Yancey was scholarly, talented, one
of the fines't orators our country has
produced, prolific as she has been of
liese, and I believe lie was thoroughly
lmtriotie. le haas been much iUi'ep
resented and Conicelluen tly much im is
underi'tood. It has been bruited all
the ycars, the curri nt set ii inotion by
uan friendy13' tongues, that Yancey ran
off to Alabama immediately after the
tr.agedy, as if to escape the frowns of i
ai outra ' ged public, but the facts are
I hat hie lad been a resident of Alabanta
foi' rul two years prior to the utnfr
lInate alfair.
Below is iat Mr. Dullose says, ad
Ale reader is awked to compire it with
the version which apptzared last week.
W. A. Dit KsosN. t
Broyles, S. C., .1ly 8, 1:101.
"Mr. Yancey removed his fami ily and
ns slaves to Ahabama Mhe 3 ear af ter his I
:uarrliage, spetl tI:e wintuers there in I.
tle oversi'ght of hisi cotton plantation C
111d returned witl his faiily to speind r
he summeri11's near Greenville for the I
ake of health. s
"It would le, ur-weessary to relate
erea with particul'trity a deplorable ac- t
ident which beftll him, save that, in l
he heat of political conflict in aftet t
ears, hitter speech was iniade antid .
nuea erl'or was written of it. Early a
It September, lS8, lie rode to the 11
nuster of a militia company twelve f
uiles from Greenville, where, after the c
nilitaiy exercises, it Wias exlected a I
lebate would be held between General It
1addy Thompson and JuglLe Joscpli p
, . Whitner, cantiidates for the lower of
loise of Co.gi'ress. After Ilie debate I
d' g'ntlemen, iln coleries, standing
n tle ground d itcussed the prospects a
)f the 'al(idattes. Yancey ' remarks C
o displeased a youth of sevenateen , a 0
ephew of Gerneral Thompson, and a c
:ou. iin of Mi Yc. aacey, Elias Eaa le,
hat le replied ill a irude speech, for a
V'lhIh offence Y ancey boxed his face. a
l'haas retutined the single blow vitih il
>ne #-' mio'e strokes of his riding whip. I
Bystainders at once stopet the dllfi- h1
autv. Elias becanie pacified aniti Yan- (I
:ev then spoke to hin kindly, advising a
)im to tell his uncle what had been
m;ill, adding : 'I did not intend to '
i4ht you, Elias, mt only to chastise u
iouir implidence ; I would rather give p
aou Ndad~or (a favoritec saaddlec horse) I
ha:m~ to h'ave' a per'sonal di fliculty w'.itha
lu' ). liobinson M. I'aarle, f'athea' e
>f Illias, andl uncle of' Mr s. Yaincey, a'
~everali days aftei' thie occurr'eneo, and 'I
fler lie had assuread V ancey that if' his
onii had act ed withI spi ritI ni the alt'air a'
heo was tontetit, at tackedl Yanicey on lI
t he paorchi of a store at GrceniiviIclv ith Ii
a sect ion (If thle handlec of a girain era- s
lie as a wveapon. Yaiacey, at the out
set, begani to r'etr'eat, step~ by stepl, stillt
fainug In s anutagonaist aind warn ing him
r'epeiatedly3, as if' r'eluactant to def'endl
huuinself by' thle use of the weapon lie
car'riedI. II is h at lhad beeni knaockedi
off, has shir't boso torn1(I' opeiinad lhe
hadaa lbeen forced to the extr'eane edge t
of the plorcha, some twvo or thraee feet.
above thie giound. U e then fir'eal and
mortally wvound~edf his antag~onist in the
left, side. Dra. Earle was six feet, high
andl weighied two hundred p~ound~s, ami
dlecla'edl on the spot, 'I lad Y ancey not
f i'edl I wvouald have easily wvhipped
'"Thle case was p~ut on tr'ial at~ the
term (If thle circuit court at G reenville.
Th'le july br'ought. in a ver'dict of main
s lauighltera. Iaariing the seventeen con.
secuitivle hiours in which the trial prio
gressedl thle prisoner retaained pea'fect re
potse, ne itherci elated when tlahe evidence
was ini has f'avor nor' cas't dowia whien it
iappaearief to go against Im. TIhie unii
veisal testimnuy was thiat Yanecy lad
never befoi'e beein ini any personial di fi
eulty ini Grenville ; that Ihe wvas tini
formly pohIlte iid <tme ; that, he find a
very hiigh senise of personaflihoinori;
that. lie hiad naot praovoked the t rouible
wvithi Dri. Eairle ; that the kniife iand
bluadgeoin thfat Eai'le cariid when the
at tack was imde wveie in the handhs of
the deceased thr aeat en inugy pruesenited4
wvheni the shot was fired fr'onm Yaney 's
'"October '21, fotllowving, the p~risoner'
was brought before the court, Josiah
. Evans piesiding, f'or' senitenace. The
,Jutdge said the cr'owvded state of the
house indicated an unutsual an ter'est, in
tduty before him, and lie would de
a, ,rt, fi'ona his ord(miar'y r'ule of brevity
mn e sich cases to explain his mind. Thle
Wmai. 'ir"'s depor'tmenit, lhe said, siiie
be re- ,'ay ona the muster gr'oundi~ up to
.\ uent of the difliculty wvith )i'.
img c 8 such as5 wvas Io lie explected
liculty. pji)n hi setation of' lif'e. No (oneC
1)r.\O that, lie lad gone to that
tory of p)istonniy hostile feeling towvuardl
Gren. purpoahhat lie carr'ied there the
naa his bosom for the
\dw the unafornnnint
le is Deeply Concerned Abo
the Increase of Crime and I
1 Atlanta Constitution.
11 Next in importance to the educatii
C of the children of the State comes t]
- care of the con victs, the lunatics at
(i the deaf and the blind. These a
C charges, fixed charges that rest ever
S where upoii the citizen and taxpay
and cannot be avoided. A caref
perusal of the last reports of the oilice
U of these institutions give us deep co
I curn, for their inmates are increasit
faster than population an(] this increai
r 111icates a growing degeneracy:
then tal, physical or moral conlition
our people. These reports give m1ut
interes.ting matter for there is har(L
aa State in the Un ion where sitilar il
- stitutions are so ably and faithful)
ollicered. We are especially fortuna
it having such a capable and e.
perienced man as Dr. Powell at it
head of our sanitarium. The appri
hension is that, when he dies we cal
not fill his place for we cainot find
man who has both his iability and It
long experience. The same can t
said of Professor Contior, in char
of the school for the deal. These tw
are veterans in the service and hav
by their long and faitihfu, work allaye
all public auxiety about those institt
But why should so many mnoi
(hilkren be born dear and dumb tia,
formerly, and why should s(o man
more people become insane? Only
few y'.mrs ago Professor Connor n
ported 105), and now lie has 215 i
char'ge. Do folks kteep on marr) in
their cousms and will the law keep -)
allowing it? As to the sanitariun.
there Seis to be it) Ii ii, i dim ihlit;
tlio of the rapid in'rease andt as fas
as more room is provided more sto i
Dr. Powell rIeports that on Octobe
1, 1900, there were 1,700 whites ai
712 colorcd on hand, and the new ai
plications now average about -'x pe
day. Of course 'i.any die and it is
coni.ort to know that ianv recove
their reason and are dischargcl. Tw
hiured and lifty-ine whites ani
ninety-f'our negroes were dlischiarge
last. year. One hundred and lifty-st
Whites and 18( t negioes died. Tlb
doctor gives pleasant in( easy eniploi
ien to alw who can and are williig i
work. Ife is a philosopher of m
own kind for he says lie huts foun
that woir k, manual labor, is more cor
ducive to restoration and contentiei
than any other medicine. Gardenint
se'wimg, washing, canning fruits, etc
is done on a larve scale. Much mor
of tis is dlone than formerly amnd ilh
report shows an immense buisiniesI
Just himk of last year's work-1,001
apronS, 2,000 bedticks, 3,006 chenise
1,800 calico dresAes, 700 homespui
dresses, -1,700 pair drtwers, -1,-500 pil
low cases, 5,000 pair pants, 3,8006thiirts
I,(lo0 undershirt3 and quiits by thi
scoc. crazy quilts I suppose makin
a titll of over 50,000 articles made b
crazy women. Good gracious, wall
an induistrious -emale family tli
doctor has got. In this way he ha
great Ily reduced the cost of main
teniance and brought down the pe
capita to t 17. But on the other hand
lie has to be continally repairing
repjlaei .ig somnot hing, for lie says '' im
sanity means destruction and that thm
I teey of a large n umber of patientI
is to destroy furnitture, cirockery, bet
<ting, clo tin, lights, sash andi~ somt
tmes tearing their rooms to pieces.
Notw just. imagine what anm armyiv
luntiic- we have. Cartersville is (jtiit
a large little cotuntry town of 3,50.
people, btut tliee-four'ths tof them at
chiiltdren under age. We have on.
aboutt 800 growni-up people who are I
to be lunatics, but. here at, the saniti
ium ae three times ats miar~y, and tl
numericasinmg e very year'.
But the repotrt oIf the prisoni comii
sion gives its mtost an~x iety, for thn
coniceri)s crime antd involves (lie safe
oft ouir people from thec lawiless wvl
fear not) God nior regardt mana. TI
mnai nten atncet of thle san iitiu tiiicos
the Sitte i8275 ,000 anniually, but thie
is one good ihing, and only onme abom
the convicts. They cost the Sia
nthlingi' after the tial, but on the col
trary they lbring itn a contsidlerale re
eniue, andl untder the new system th
r-evenute is ra pidly mncreasinug. G ener
E van s, Mr'. E'asoti atnd M r. ' iTurne ci
augurated this systemi onily two yeai
Sago and~ it ha~s alreadly pmnoved a sg
success. Thi e St ate now has~ ihe abs
a luite con trol of all its contivicts atnd hi
pa prchased a large farm tnar M illedel
' ville, wher'e (lie ol menn anid the bo
" and aill the women are kept . Undi
thle skilful mallnagemen iit of M r. Fosi
C lie farm paid well the first year, al
lie c~onivicts are nearly as ha ppy
they) wvere ini old slavery times. MI
'of thle able bo1ied con v icts arie leas
to famr agod prcs but, t
SState prov~ides guards a nd med ical
tent ion.
IIecre is atiothier army of '2,8(00
look aftera, but. thlese arie riot
SThere are 2,850 more at work in ti
county chinnganigs, making a total
" 4 ,E50, of whom 858 are white. tonri
white womeni antI '21 5 are negro v
*y O f the Slate convicts for felony
k, irc guilty of mntr miianslaught
s. 915 for buirglary or rm.riy or larcei
ig 237 for (lie usual cm ime. 'Thle rest
e for miost at''.; thmer crime in (the en
i, logue. Mtoe of them were labore
d bt I note fthat twenty-sCeen did no
ding adeigteen wer prach
is JNiniety per (cn t (of the~ negroes atre1
It tweeni (lie ages of fi lfteen and for
se and kniew nothlinig of slavery. O0
1o one p~er cent are the old slaves w.
are over sixty years old. Two hiund
8. and forty-four of them are serving a I W
secoinid term. Thirty are serving a 'tI
ut third t-rim and a few i fourth and b
fifth term. They scom to like it. One I p
thousandi alnd twenty of these convicts I
a're fromi three coun ties- Fulton , Chat- (i
ham, and Bibb. As Thoimas Jeffer- tI
>n 80on said. "1 The influence of cities is ti
le p)estilenia IiOl to good morals."' It is III
id eslecially so with iegroes. Tihe large
re Iinatjorily of tihe negro con victs are ti
y. fromt tle cities and large towis. Vi
er Twenty years ago there were 1,100 re
ul negr(o Con Victs and 10 per cent of IheI ill
rS were wholly illiterate, could ut thil
I.. read Ior write. Now we have 4 re
Ig nlegro convicts and 541 per eit Va
re rIaid an11d wilrite. How is Dohat' Does in
in ed ucatin lessen crime or increase it? St
)f Mr. Stetsonii, the State statisticialn of is
:h Iassachusetts, says it. "1 incieases WC
y crime not it little, but ininensely," lit
1- andi he proves it. It certainly do's tw
y among tle negro rai'ce i ;eorgia. S.
.e It is curIious to note that we have No
j- two counties in the Siate--White and iu
C (;ililer-.t hat have ino representative. a
1 among tle con victs. There are foui hi
I- counties -Townus, 'ickens, Banks and lbe
a Dawson- -that have but one each. sei
is There are t bree counties- -- Un ion , M I- th<
e ray and HIabun--that have but two foi
e each. 11,%w is that for good iuolds in ha
o ou1 most Northern Imoutintaini counties, i
e wheve the sc(hool master has not been is
tI abroad inl he lantd to any alarming ex- hN
- teit? ye l
No, the tiuth is that l education of thi
-e itself' neither lessens nor increases lat
n crime. Itdi'pends ()ni the moral train- eel
y im that the boy gets either froim his we
a teace or his parents or his ealy as- sci
sociates, but it his environments ie pIe
n bad his education imakes him a more pi
g danllgerois citizen, f'or' it. eables him ro
11 to cover up and coiccal his crime or 14) fro
i, escape froimi plismenlltiI inlsoe way . pill
It is liike tinloq' wing eearls before switie Io
I to give the vile mtial vicioui an eilia- C
ti tion, but we can't. pick themn before bl
han. d and so all must have a chance. rc
r1 hit, if I was a lawmaker I would A
1 put some penalties upon bad citizens, ye
i- upon the idle atl vicious, wY'hcther' wtl
r white or black, We dtpnut allow them fim
a to have their naime-' in tlie jury box. nn
r They cannot, try a iman for crime no Wi
o set in jutlgmentit upon his civil rights. ex
dI Wy' shOuld such men be t.rusted w ith a
d tle ballot? Why not let tho same lot
x colIilissioln that, make. " the jll'y ye
e box also make uip the 1, hox? It of
t- Sone good negroes got . id some eq
o bad white men were left, it. would m
y le rewarding merit and % .utting i
i penalty upon bad citizens. Alabama i
- an VirIgin ia have lhis til est ion before di
it their conventions and we hope they pr
, will consider it wisely and :ive eI- lit
couragement to good citizena, whother ye
e teiy(' be white or black. Good coitlulit ti
o should be the test. It is more impolr- ''l
l. tant than ed'ieation or poperty. Let be
I us purge the ballot box just as we do lilt
,he jury box. Purge it once a yeair. tie
I Put such colored men is G assett and th1
- Joe Brown andi['ril.ble in ami leave all Ur
such white muln as l'at Blanks out. Liln
IDon't shut tithe (tool' forever oii good in
negroes. it I
ly the way, I visli somebotiy vould ln
t hunt ill) ourcook and send her home. 'h
She is not a " settled 'oman," and is ha
s just gall ivan tillg around till her spell n
- is off. I have to get uil lefore I feel wi
r like it and tire up lthe stove aid then
call the ''irls ami1i they' --t a Z.1'e
r' break.fast i ha-l ain liou iClu nw
- and calfee andt ho011miy and fried eggs oul
ei anli b eef steak arIe good' enqughi for1 to
S anybody. hut, I w ill have to d ischiarge lis
- our' cook anil hire her' over' again and tli
leatve out the spellI priv ilege.
BiLL Anii'. bet
yThe United States Proditees Nearly a~
it. Fvery Needftu1 Crop that it
t- Uses. li
e Secretary of .Agriciulture Wia.oni wi
priedhetS (lie miost. glowing era inI his- mi
i- tory for' the agr'icultural inlteretsts of thi
it the coun tiry during thle new fiscal year T'
y which has just begun. w
it l ucidenitally Mr. Wilson assett that w
ic if the UJnited States is given a few li
ts iionths mioreo tim e any or1 all (lie for- thI
'e eigni natitns of thie wor'ld miay form1 a~ th
It commIier'ciatl combm1 at ion aginlst the h4t
le country with impunuity. lie says that gr
Ii- before .July 1ilnext this count,ry', with p<
v its new possess51~ios, will be raisingi. r'e
is anul proue ig ever'ythinRg (hat it, ustes, thI
al an tlihat. it we so elect we cant formi shi 1)
ni- almost any1 tothier' nation on the globe. <h
is "'We arec now punshin g inivesti giations wV
al and expeitment41 s aloni t a great manuy sI
41- linies,'" said AlIr. Wilson ini an1 mlt'r-,
as view. "' (Or agr'icl turld e xp orts w
ys year' julst closed anid coimparetd witl b? .4
er some11 yelaris Ipalst incrtleased3 appr iec ia bly . Oj
cir '' (ne of thei pinc(ip~at obtjets whieb
id this deptmen1'lifIt has in v'iew is to enI- (:
as5 abile the plettt of thle EUited Sites (io ce
>ot produi lce the aigricl tuoral producI nts wve aI
ill ar1e now lurchiasinig fr'omi ftore igin coun- (I
ti- itacei, wye boug'ht hlf as much agrii- t<
cul1tu ral goods - 1' 51)ld; t hat is to) (
to Isay, we sol ab i f .1,000(,000) wor'th il
ll1. and bought abo1!a 620),000,000) woth.i *
lie The pri~iincI al'odulct we purchaise c ~
of from ttt h' naltiuou is sulgari. Thi' t
,rc comma hi ciompi'ises nearly onie-l ourith c
-of Ithe total '.f productitts iml)por'ted. TIhe<
departi n'nt in thi - past, has been mauk- I
07 iig explerirnien's t, ascer'tain ini just.
r, what sei--ni*s of' the counti'y sugar caI:;
iy, b)e raisedt t such advaintage 1a8 to
Ire ob)viate the nlecessity of goinhg to
(a- foitri nimarkets to comp llet e our1 sulp
r'S, pl1y. We A'ant to raise beets, as there' 4
thI- in lies Ithe priincipal 80ourice of (lie sti- C
r's. gar' plduct . Withinm (lie Uniited Staite
cDc- there will be over foirty beet enlgil fiic- 'I
ty, tories in operation by next fall. 'lThe1 t
ndly will be situated ini almost ever'y Stait* a
'ho along (lie Northern border, fromi .N ew
red Vork (1) Cairairnla. I beieCve tha' i
ithin a fow yeir's wve will produce all
le Suigar we riquire and we, will then
- il position to ignore tile foreigil
.od uct. Otir experinwti Is have shown
at the suigar protlueed frotn our
zalhtv of beet i inuich richier thani
at taifactufa red inl or'eigin coun.
ies. Oir prc duets, t Iieherere, will he
uIch mlore desirable.
" When this i resilt shall be attainled
e Sugar trutst will, inl my oplonion,
nish , for the reason Ihat tle trust
linies ilulported brown Sugar, while
the Aierican factories will finish
product and place it inl entire
uliness for Falk. oil the iimarkets.
'" We atre iow.v sleevlI',hg admii r'a ly
thle pr-odutction of tea inl the United
unls,''t continlued4 Mr. Wilson. 11 It
1111y a1 qu1estijonL of 1t short I ile whenl
: will be able to raise ill thle tea de
ilideil for. list ill (his '44inltmy. ThIIe
t) tollS (.f tea 1rowni at SUii1uevile,
C., hast yeari so well satislied the
w York livestors interesteI ini the
lustry t.aIt they iminedialcy formed
Yndienute and h uglii ',100)1 acres of
10 in the Slate upol which lea will
grown. This dl 'll:triltlieill 1a. veai'
it tea1 pllits to 'very (;ulf State in
Unhion fromn ihv C(dillts 4) ('ali
ia 1fo 14r 'X11eliinintal nusing . W e
re just iarn t rom S114th Ca"rolma
it imuported 11achillery ill use' there
abie to nake gir'en tea; fri1i tilie
ck product in on1e hour. We dit) iiot
,Inanacturesuch 111iachiliery Inl
s Country, bull wev -.:" tel to thar
5r. Then t helr is 1. 111 ()n t o.
-ning thet availabiht). ahor when-1
get to glrwing our1 l'; 4,11 1 lahirge.
I . There IS aiy nunb r of yu.iig
>pde who will ser\ 'npl44yt1t as
ktra of the livavs, t,. wages will be
)(1. We are nlowinp n phaints
Iu China, (Ceylon au' Ja.laln, :tilt[ We
-11010 ailsiig the hieglt'st grade of
I(duet inl this coputry.
'I' years a4) the ll( department
'll 4onsi ation o1 tiht! subject of
Scultivtion in the 1:nited states.
thatt time we pnniuctrd about 257
-Cent ofl what Vil coinstlunedl , an1d
Oln WU exatnlined thlt- situation we
ui hlt er i':ic wa a en1111'14 l for. 1
leh better. grade of Ohe product thanl
s beinl grown here. We set ii)an
pW-rt1 to .lpan 11) look OVVer theC ft-l
ilthis1, mall tnndl jus:t what wec were
skinig for. The ret'ult is that lneXI,
.i we will 4row all excelleit gide
rice-a class, inl 11t, w.11ch will
lial that ill anly other naition produei
; the grain.
" The deplatm inent is just inoV also
sily n. ( gl lgcd ill con tie'raltion of a
esity of iite.sts which are tt o be
moted il inelw'lCV I0>Sioils. Ve
ve lound upon inl vest i.gaItioln that 1he
(ope of thl(e new 11114i, led agricl
alnstruelionl aind nora nn
is we propose. to give then lo (he
it of ourl ability. F-',r instan11Ce, We
ist be able to produce hrge 1tn1i
' of' hay ini the141 Infuippineis to feed
131000 horses and Inuh-'s which (lie
ited Sutt.4 is nl ow 1 14 I I i ni In goi
Te. The demnda filr fodder. is far
e'XceS.(S of the h1o1ne stipply, so t1111
111 been found I 4eesary 14) i import. 1
Iproduct. This ouh lot to) be.
ere is amuple opportulity for imi. n
r and other (l'oin prjodnets,- for1 horsess
I calttle i l h 'li ppiues, alil step-,
I he hikell 14) relleve the situ1ti .
' Colven is sotherg prod . whl-h
atre looking after. ( )(Ir scien1tiSt
invesl ititking thii cff'e. otlo in4 14
acr ishI .11 i.IO oiehiii alt'ng t
IaI yei( w)I'4ich4 ill grea1 t Iilo ly iliur t
SI evei e t.,t OOI1u hs heartint
psliy '.l ), . 1141' 1 ted buts ily an-4.1
a)i~llS(4 i 130,000,000 woin ofs i4b'erxv
jet, ici thek isthte we1 wiill4wih
dl t e aie our01 new 411: posesi'on
cryl biit,1. jl11 144):e produ c nee 4-1. 1(4
ighte produced14' in't icot 44 Itwiig
dojthwel'hill i i s. a1t4 l th4 re 1 1u L
1L e tat .'IIh lwopl using tht cini
giisndf oii ('4llar1 i'n its1 apurchase, 1(
1141n therelti~1 1s the ubjet of1 tnnealiu
re in t ls t i 15 >:'( Opie li nl the
et.i Ialal rdu. u w mo
e ighnik . ' nib t14 w4;~hil not be lng
11ore we w4l be ab.'le to4 lO oc a44
ad( a ill be ' hsupeit' r to:4 t(11'in un
ii' V4Irtedi' foni l . T h ii-id4g(1
gil, of . ''l' r 1I i ntry are1' india tedl'to
(Jilrowth 11f1 '441inacaroni wheat,1(L and allS
the 15,'00,000 pound' of11)( th pt,
L'et, which 1'!ve'4 litw no.sl~eat
"' A'lfort is, ouril~ nhat tpses)1i->n
--'.' laii as - 1 ~. luwecangt thate1141
a .aI :h, ul4)I: prodcion 114 in ful
Ai li' l'liI,1144t il IIIo al)d'lina ter)I tep
m-.1 a. -i) by 41 depw tmentl141 is l e
>g ni en.:: ".ei .1gy t A blo l Cll,
deceased. Tho court coull impute
him no moral guilt. What happemn
there seemed to be entirely accident
and to be attributed to the angry ai
excited deportment of lDr. Earle. Tl
dJudge explaiined further that Nlr. Yai
c'y seeied to have worn his pistol i
Greenville because of habit acquired j
carrying it while passing through ti
J1udilan country of the vest. III col
sideration of this practice the court ll
mllade up its judginent. The bcuteta
was -,.,1,500 titne and twelve mont0:
imprisonmllent in jail.
"Governoi Patrick Noble remitte
Lwo-thirds of the fine and released th
)risoner. NMr. Yancey then returne
vith his family to Aiabama."
AMaj. Perry was not only the edito
f Tnu< M NTATNai-: u when YanUce
>cicamne mvolved in this trouble wit]
lis wife's uncle, )r. Earle, but lie wit
LIso one of the counsel for the defend
Limt, with whom he was on intimati
erms, and he has left on record hi:
estiinony as to the character and dis
)osition of his client, and given
tatement of the circumst mees unde:
vhich the fatal dillicuhty took place
11 his " lliiniscenices of Public Al en.'
vIliehi Was published only a few -ean
efore his death, Gov. Perry has at
ateresting sketch of William 1,. Yan.
ey, from which we make the follow.
ug extract :
Mr. Yancey read lav in my olliet
wo or three y(ars, and we were for ,
nyeh longer period onl terms of greal
it imacy. I knew him well and love
ill Most afeLctiOlately. 1Ie lad Iliani
arIe and n1)le (tqualittes of both head
n1d heart. Ile was full of gen iulls and
telit, and endowed with hjih gifts of
ratory. In diposition hle was kilid
tid lafTi etionate, wvarm and geleiotis,
nd( devoted to his trients. le was a
cry handsome voinig man, with a
right, cheerful face, ever inspiring!
outillence and good feeling. II waI
athir I under ordinary hleiigL and well
roportiolned, with great activity aid
trength. Iis natners were not only
.leasing and polished, but really fasci
atin ig, andit no o11ne could be ili coll
any with him without feeling kinadl3
ovards him ; but with all his taletts,
ttractions and brillhancy, lie was nol
man of wisdom, or judgilelit, or sta
ility of character. lie had strong
aligs and impulses, which generally
lltrolled his action and judgment.
h' was a maUni of hiigh rlpirit and daunt
ss courage. ]]is impulses and hiN
assioni involved him inl a great many
illicutil'.ics of a very serious characier.
remieiber', on One occasion, whilst
c was reading law with miel(, halnving to
isi between him and Thomas F.
autt to prevent their firing on each
heir. They had co. inm eced a polili
1l d i in, which dil not continue
ong b'fore they drew their pistols,
ld but tr the interference 'of myself
uld others, would have exchanged shots
I the street I in a (tinuI ret With Dr.
!arle, the uncle of his wife, lie drew
;s pistol and shot him. The doctor
ied ill a few hours. Yancev was tried
lid convicted of manshoghter.
inl this affair, hiowevel, lie dil what
.ny mien of spirit mighLt not have dole
Ider the circilustlances. The day
reviotis lie had had a (tin'tinlly w1h
)r. EaIl's son, who wvas qtuie a la.
anlcey sought the doctor and explain
cd to hiim the iilcultty with his slit,
ho0 seemed to beI 'erfectily sat itfied.
hle iiext (lay tie watS inqiuiring lot
anceywitha tdudgcon ini his hanids,
anicey wenlt up to him11 ini perf ect good~
umior anid anitici pat ed no0 di Iticulty,
Ie gave Yanicey the lie andt diew hlit
tick. Imme11(ithaty Yancey drew his
istol , and presenetinIlg it, tol Ithe doc
ir to ''take it back or take a shot.'
)r. Earle rtished towardts him and
antucey's pistol Ii red I Ilut Yanlce3
ssuired me1, colt idetilyt13, thaut it wau
It, hiis pturpio se to Iiire the Ipistotl, anld
hiat he did lire it invothmtarily tudei
the exciiteent. ItCie tC aterardsI miaith
Iidhivit to0(I tis fact , amt I tiave nieve.
or a mloment~ doutetd thie trulth of tthi
ssertioni. lIe wais defendertu by3 .Jiitg
W~ardlawv. \Mr. lurt anld mlyself. IlI
enene a litne1C'%'t u. aint imprisonm Ilent
.vhticth Governr1 Nob, ~lle piard~oned inll
.ew weeks.
The crop of wiinter wheat , now beinl
harvested, prom~lises to be a recor
breaker. It. will te not onily of unpre
l'rlice Cuirrenit gives some initerest in
ligures on the crop), andi( com par
themn wvit h the record for previot
yeairs. It (estimiates5 that the crot
withl the marke'ttable suirlus no0w 0
hand, wiltlihamounlt to 775,ot00,0J
bhelshi~ . The visile supp~hly in th
Unlitedt Staites oin dune 29. wvas 30t.798
000, but the availabte stocks at. h
leadtin g Interior and~ seaboar id ntuarke
east ofi the Rockies, oni tranlsit froi
the wvest, to tie east, amd on (lie 5(
destined for G reat, lritaini and the cou
tiinent, Oil Jully 2 aggregal ed 7 1,(i81,t0(
bushels, against 73 ,95t9,000( a yeair aig
and1( 77,(i10,000 Oil July 3, 18~99. 'ITh
mleans , of course, thant the I 'tice Cui
rent's estimate for the 1 t0)1 crop isi
excess of 700,000,000 bushels.
Jacob S. Rogers, who dlied sudden
from the effects of heat ini New Y'or
wans worth many millions of dllari
lIe made moist of hlis mloney bunildil
locamrotives ait Paterson, iN. .J. I
wvas over '75 years of agze, a biaele
with n10 kin nealer than nephewsu at
niieces. T1o his relatives lie tb~equeth<t
montey was chtielly malide, tie left. n
one0 cent, anlt even closedl his limmeni
works, while still pirosperous, much
thn deotriment. of ihn tonw,.
Your Hair
"Two years ago my hair was
falling out badly. I purchased a
bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigor, and
soon my hair stopped coming out."
Miss Minnie Hoover, Paris, Ill.
Perhaps your mother
had thin hair, but that is
no reason why you must
go through life with half
starved hair. If you want
long, thick hair, feed it
with Ayer's Hair Vigor,
and make it rich, dark,
and heavy.
$1.00 a bottle. All druggists.
If your lruggist cannot supply you,
nl'l u1 ont, dollar aid wO wi express
yeit a1 hol tiv. ie sure and give the name
o your nearest, ex ,ress 011co. Address,
J. C. A Y HI CO., Lowell, Mass.
-mIlletty nvar starving, any other
:1tion. 'T'lerefore, an effective con
)illation against us will be an in
No old maid over 40 cnn 0show a
range plimber over the house with
it giving him her opinion on love
I.lTon and tlhe Filipmnos.
Wheii a woman thinks that a man is
oinig to kiss her against her will she
nerIitially dlresses herself with two
apersaof pin s less than usual.
()n a real hot day cupid Soms to
ook hiinstf 11 in a refrigator.
'T'lere's n1o vollian who won't be
ieve somie l irt ol flatitery; a man be
bLeves it all.
Cilildrel keep cooler ihan grown-up
Inmple , be:aiise tley keep thinking
about smhigelse.
I I thIe best child could only look as
ilinolt aI- the1 worit wolmani1, nobody
wIatl ever know who ought to get the
The )..Iy difference between the man
wlio tlintks wolnaPu can't fool him and
the na who knows they can, is that
he g(ets fooled1 a little oftener.
na woman is very positive she
is never certain.
T)e loitg a man lives the more he
has to live for and the more he has to
,'ae without.
Wn' a inan gets married there is at
least one wonmi that he loses all his
iiiluence with.
T'lhe average mian would rather have
his if ,, act like tile devil and look like
Inl ang1- th1an to act, like an angel and
loi hke the devil.
Ii always seems like a miracle to a
nan I le wly a woman will manage a
g halt, a lonig skiiri, a hundle and her
'Igiol inl a Ih iglh wind.
A wonmanI is " sweetly reasonable o
vbei site is reasonably sweet.
Il'.v you neighbor and do good to
limii thalt tell your wife what their
ilsho4is haiIVe told them about you.
W hen Ilve hit into the apple she
plrobabttly told1( the sniake that she was
lrii 4.f forever~i taking her husband's
As far as appearances go, a woman
wuill ant more comfortabl w ihile her
leart is bileedhing than she (1008 when
lie lhas a hiani -nail..
Tlhie Iirist twoV( iiothst.i the mian would
ake the baby up in the garret andl hide
it if lhe thotughit his wIfe or tihe nurse
woni n'i. (atch hiumi at it.
Th'le miani is niever~ old who, the
longer hie livyes, livyes the more.
W\omien are such a p)uzzle to men be
eauise Ithey are so much of a puzzle to
Thiere is a certaini way a girl fixes a
' amp when a nman is coiming to call on
her1 w~nhieb he calls "' just enough li.
It makes a girl awfully mtad to cthel
hieisell yawinVthg and~ realizes that sho
has (aught it fromt a lman that she just
Whleii a mani hates another' man
the worst., it is for the least reason,
wheni a womian loves a man the best,
it is whent he is the least worthy.-N.
Y. I'ress.
No( greateCr ecotnomiy could be prac
ticed on thie farm thaun the bui4lding of
For Infants and Children.
The KInd You Have Alwcys Bought
.Boars the
$ignature et
Oills Wonxs, NoicTi AUQU5TA. 8. 0,
D~oors4, 8ash, liinds andl J1ilderea
All iarresp)ondlene jiven prompt at

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