Newspaper Page Text
I* - NHE PEOPLE S TE JOURNAN D4?li VLlN.37. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, OCTOV ER 1.10.OEDLA GEORGIA VETERANS' HOME. A Day With the Old Soldiers Who Once Wore the Gray. The following article was written by Capt. J. C. Stribling, of Pendleton, giving an account of his recent visit to the soldiers' home near Atlanta, and which was destroyed by fire on the 30th of September, only a few days after his visit there. In view of the agitation for a soldiers' home in South Carolina, the article is reproduced in our columns: About four miles from the heart of the city of Atlanta, at the terminus of the street ra:lway, is a beautiful hill covered with primitive forests ; upon the highest point of this hill amid large oaks is nestled a grand, a beauti ful building, built there in 1891 by the efforts of Henry Grady and the good and patriotic women of Georgia for a Soldiers' Home. After thus writing down their senti ments and venerations for the grand old heroes who wore the gray in a tan gible way at the cost of $45,000 invest ed In 119 acres of land and this grand edifice by pilvate subscriptions, they tendered this building and land to the State of Georgia to house her indigent soldiers in, if she would feed and care for them. But the politics of Georgin were then like they are here in South Carolina to-day, and the Georgia Leg islature refused to accept this giand bequest, and gave her indigent, soldiers pensions, ranging from $5 to $100 a year, or about $60 a year where we give $19.60-and told the oki soldiers it was better for them to take this and live among their friends at home. But after ten years experience it was found that $60, or even $100, would not half board and clothe them and pay some one to attend to the decrepid or sick soldiers, and on the first of June, 1901, the Home was occupied and formally possessed by the State with an appro priation of $15,000 for its support, if so much be necessary, and the Home is now occupied by 70 inmates, the sight of which I wish every member of our South Carolina Legislature could look upon that his heart, if even of stone, would soften and he would at once be converted to the truth that no treasury could hold dollars enough to repay these old veterans for their pat riotism that has deprived them of the use of limb or body; some of them hobbling around on one leg, some with heads bowed low down with suffering from wounds or rheumatism, while yet others are in bed never to rise again. No soldier with a heart of flesh, who has ever grappled with the dogs of war or experienced its vicissitudea, can look upon this gathering of the relies of our great army without feeling a choking lump rise in his throat. When news was spread through the Home that an old South Carolina sol dier was at hand on a mission to in spect the Home, the gathering around and the eagerness of the old boys to hear the news and give information during the war (for Georgia is to-day in front on duty for her old soldiers, and South Carolina is in the rear), evinced Itself, and after a hearty hand shaking from the official head down to the old army nurse, I was invited to a breakfast that would have been con sidered goodl enough for Gen. Lee or: President Davis during our army dlays. These old veterans plied questions and queries about their South Carolina comrades faster than Llhree men could answer, and among the questions wae one that I had rather took a whipping ,than to have answered, viz: What sort, of a Soldiers' Home have you in South Carolina? My reply was that South Carolina had at least two locations of fered her for a Home that was better suited for a Home than theirs, and that there was no doubt in the minds of our people but that South Carolina would at the next meeting of our Legislature step to the front and provide a Home for her wornout soldiers that would be second to none in the South. The Home building of Georgia is three stories high with veranda after the style of the health resort hotel, and contains 65 rooms, 10 of which are mostly large rooms for memorial hall, library, drawing room, dining room, kitchen, and for each ofilce for super intendent, matron and steward, and basement rooms for laundry, gas gen erator and storerooms and commissary ; 56 rooms are made for bed rooms, with 2 single beds, 2 rockers and 2 arm chairs, 2 bed rugs, 1 bureau aiid wash stand, towel rack, etc., all of which cost about $00 for each room, and eve~ room's furniture, that Is now furnished and occupied, has been con tributed by some individual or society of ladles or gentlemen, whose names are written in large letters above the doors of the rooms they have fur nished, such as Chapters of the Daugh ters of the Confederacy, Memorial As sociations, Camps of U. C. V's., etc. But the most touching of all was a do nation for furnishing a room fiom the Atlanta Camp of the Grand Army Republic-our once enemies in war while the merchants, manufacturers, firms, etc., have filled all the other rooms, halls and closets with all the necessary fixtures and appliances. Me morial hall is used for all the gather ings, preaching, prayer-meetings speak ing, etc., and Is well furnished with nice seats and an organ. Over the door of the large dIrawing room Is the name of Henry Grady. This room has nice furniture, a good pl:mno, violin, or gan and iguitar. The library Is also well furnished with cases, chairs, books, weekly and daily newspapers. The dining room has modern hotel tn. bles for six people, and is equipped with the latest fittings. The kitchen ii supplied with range and other fixture to cook for 200 inmates. MANAGEMENT. The board is controlled by a Boar, of eleven Trustees ; all of these, a well as the other positions in th Home, are filled by old soldiers. Th foliowing are the salaried position that are appointed by the Board Superintendents's salary...... ..$500 0 Matron's (a soldier's widow) .... 300 0 Steward ........................ 180 0i Burgeon ....... ..............200 01 Night Watchman............. 420 0 Head Cook......... .........240 01 Second Cook.................... 1500 Two Waiters ($120 each) ....... 240 01 Two Laundry Women ($120 each) 240 01 Two House Maids ($120 each) ... 240 01 Negro Man Nurse............... 180 01 $2890 01 Cost of attendance each Inmate...$41 21 Approximate commissaries for each inmate.............. ... 21 0( Clothing bill for each Inmate..... 26 0( Incidentals ... .. ................. . . . . 50( Or total cost of each inmate about $93 2t Among the errors that Georgia hac made and that South Carolina may profit by are : 1st. That the building for the Home should have an elevatoi or i one stor3 building for indigent, decrepid old people who can't climb steps. 2nd. The hospital should be detached from the sleeping rooms, as the groans and disturbances of one pa tient will interrupt the sleeping and rest of the whole house. 3rd. Instead of investing $15,000 in 119 acres of land, South Carolina is offered two splendid, healthy locations for the Home without the cost for the land, %nd it is likely that many locations will be tendered for the Home when Lhe time comes to locate. 4th. Geor gia has paid too much for her building. Being familiar with the cost of such buildings, I venture to say that South Carolina can to-day put up such a building for about one-half of the orig inal cost to Georgia, which is said to be 830,000, but as South Carolina has much less inhabitants than Georgia, $12,000 would build a very comfort able Home, and $8,000 would equip and :un the Home for the first year, in .luding the clothing bill for 40 inmates. It will be well for all who oppose he Soldiers' Home movement to bear n mind that the Home is proposed for ,he homeless and friendless indigent ioldiers, who have no friends who are tble to take care of them, for tWe State .annot afford to hire a nurse, pay doc or's bills, board, etc., for each old sol lier that is on the lift or may be at my time. It took ten years wrang ing in political turmoil for Georgia to .ome to the practicil thing about tak ng care of her indigent soldiers ; can't ve in South Carclina profit by Geor ,ia's experience ani with one great mud grand movement raise our pen ians in classes A and 11 to 860, and ,lass C to $20, and allow them all op ion of drawing their pensions and liv ng among their friends, or forfeit heir pensions and live at the Home ? in analysis of the trial in Georgia, we hink, will point out the fact that the orfeited pensions will pay 70 par cent. )f the running expenses of the Home, md might be made to do better with nore experienced management. J. C. STRIBLING, amp 1,000, U. C. V., Pendleton, S. C. BILL ARP ON PRESIDENTS. De Went to School With Rcose velt's Uncle-McKinley Was a Good and True Citizen. The public grief has assuaged. The shock that made the nation tremble has passed away. 2Editors and1 preach srs have had their say and the wheels of government roll on in their estab lished way. Nut for a day was there any interruption to commerce orag. culture. Party and pa tisans softened down and paid regard to the tune honored maxim, " De mortuis nil nisi hionuim "- say nothing but good of the dead. Even the yellow journals stoppedl their cartoons and gave their readers a rest. But one extreme al ways follows another andl so idolatry began as soon as the President was as. sassinated. Hie would have been saint. ed if sainting was revived. 190oa that he is dead he is every, body's President. But time is good leveler, and history is beginning to be made. Mr. McKmnley was n< demigod nor will he be written dowi as a great, statesman, Hie was a Chris tian gentleman-a better man thban hii party-but was carried along withi into an unjust war that will not boa1 the scrutiny of time. lie had to fal into line with the greed of commerce and the consequence Is t~here are thous ands of widows and mothers silenti' mourning for husbands andl sons killd in battle or died in hospitals In foreign land. There is no lamentatlo, over them. But as Governor Oatos said, wha are we goiing to do about it; nothing Some preachers say It is the will o God andi the way to spread the gospel I don't believe it; and Ihiave not muc] regard for the preacher who does. takes more faith than I have got to so the hand of God in any war for dlomira ion or the acquisition of territory. Fc more than a hundred years ireland hr been held In vassalage against her wil So wore the Americani colonies hli until the earth and our fathers r4 belled. Napoleon coveted the cart, and our government covetedl Cuba an found a casus belli in a pryctuuce 4 feeding her starving people, but novi fed them. Then our commercial gre< crossed the ocean to the Phihppin and bought them for a song with t4 millions of negroes throwna }n. En land coveted South AfrIca a d has ' ready snent millins ofmoeya S rivers of blood in an elfort to subdue i free people and get possession of their gold minel I don't believe that any of thi is God's will. Greece and Rome and Carthage and Napoleon all came to grief. Offenses must needs come, but woe unto those by whom they come. I don't believe that any war of aggression has the favor of God, but sooner or later the aggressor will reap what he has sown. John Brown was backed by Remy ) Ward Beecher and other preach ers who thought they saw the will of God in an uprising of the slaves against their masters, no matter if it resulted in murder and arson and other out. rages too horrible to mention. He was as much an anarchist us (zolgehz, and his infamous scheme a thousand times more horrible; but last year they removed his bones to Connecticut and reinterred them with honors and a I monument. No, L am still the same I old rebel-unreconstructed, unrepen tant, and I am incredulous of any real or lasting harmony between the North and the South as long as the pension grab goes on and getsj bigger every year and we have to pay a thiird of it for being conquered. If peace and love and harmony prevail, why bleed us forevem? Why take our hard earn ings to support the children and grand children of Union soldiers, one-third of whom were Hessians and hirelings who were lighting for $10 a month and ations, with no thought of patriotism? From that imported class, no doubt, sprang these anarchists that breed dis cord and discontent among our people. Czolgosz was no foreigner. Ile was born in Detroit, went to school there, learned his trade there, and his elder brother was a soldier in the Union army and he is just as much an Amen can citizen as 84 per cent of the popu lation of New York city-native-born, but of foreign parents. The seed of anarchy was sown long ago, and it is too late to drive it out by any legislation. The assassins of our Presidents were all native-born Ameri can citizens. Indeed, it is not sur prising that among 75,000,000 of pco ple there are to be found a few men of such abnormal mind as to glory in killing a President. As Roosevelt said, a President must take his chances. " Uneasy lies the head that wears i crown." Why that wretch should wish to kill such a kind-hearted and unselfish a man as Mr. McKinley pass eth comprehension. If he was jealous of power or great wealth, why didn't he pursue Morgan or Rockefeller or Carnegie? Oh, the pity of it! An unsellish, great-hearted Christian genileman. No wonder the women are helping to build the Atlanta monu ment, for Mr. McKinley was a model husband, true to his marriage vows and ever thoughtful of his loving wife. Ever in appreliensloin of his fate lie carried $100,000 of life insurance, and it was all for her-yes, all for her whom he loved berter.than fame or wealth or power. And n w comes President Roose velt, the first President trom Georgia stock. .I like the s'art he has made, and I believe he will be as much the President as was Andrew Jackson. If we had a Ufiited States bank he would close it and remove the deposits. Yes, I know the stock from away back. When I was a school-boy I visited Roswell, where the Kings and Dun woodys and Bullocha and Pratts andl Hands all lived in elegant seclusion. Dan Elliott was one of my .compan ions-a mischievous, black-eyed youth of 16; I weiit to school with him. He was half-brother to our President's mother. Yes, I know the stock and may be I can get some little 0illee wit~h goodl pay and little work--something like a sinecure or a sine qua non something that would suit my declini ing years andl let me dtown easy. 1 would like that., and the President ought to give it to me because I went to school wvith his half-uncle Dan or his uncle half han. That's reason enough. But, my time is up, for my wife says she is going to take an evening nap and I must look after the two little grandd~auighters, Jessie's children. There is a brand new lile boy there now, and the little girls are staying with us till their little brother gets ac quaintedh. Before long I will have to brush up my old baby songs again and sing that boy to sleep. They keep on working me as long as I last. When I die I reckon the women will build a monument, to ine andl say on it: "lie was a faithful husband and father. lie nursedh the childreni and grand-children as long as lie lasted." BILLr Anr. A TLANTA ALwAYs " Ini It."-l'h( Man from Macon listened intently foi i half an hour to a group of Directors ol the Southerni Inter State Fair, whicl: is nearly at hand in Atlanta, expatiat< t upon the greatness of Atlanta. I " Nothing important ever happenm f anywhere," one of the Directors salid -" but what thore is an Atlanta mar di there. If Atlanta hasn't a man thern t she hias some one there directly con a nected with Atlanta. It all goes ti - show what, a bIg city Atlanta Is, r "N Now, look at the unfortunate deatl 8 of our President," he continued I. " When he was shot down there wa an Atlanita man beside him who struc1 dIown the assassin; now I see that Emm h LGoldman has relatives in Atlanta." d " Yes, that's true," said anothei >f " You can find Atlanta men every r where." d The Man from Macon snorted. is "Yes," he finally exclaimed, "whe mn I die and go to Hlades I expect to fin g- that, Satan's chief cook and bottl LI- washer is from Atlanta." ad There was a thoughtful pause. A GRIUAT AND GROWING IVI4. Need in the South for the I,abor of All Able to Work. Two editorials weie published in the same column the other day by the Co lumbus (Ga.) J1ntpit er-Sti. In Oe of them was the statement, " Many complaints have been made by differ ent communities iii Georgia this spring and summer about vagrants, idlers and loafers. * * * Columbus has more than her share of this very undesirable citizenship." In the other was the statement, " There is hardly a mill or manufacturing industry here but needs more labor, and there is work in these industries for a thousand or more peo ple that can be had for the asking." About the same time, with the com plaint coming from every industry in its section of a scarcity of labor, the Magnolia (Miss.) Gazette published a vigorous editorial denouncingt the ne gro parasites infesting the towns of that State, and demanding that author ities should enforce the law against vagrancy. It clearly pointed to the means whereby these vermin are en abled t.o exist in these words : " The mystery of his existence is not such a mystery after all when we be gin to investigate it at shoit range. lie is a thorough parasite. 113 lives on others. Like the ancient ildian who hunted and fished and battled with his enemies while his squaw tilled i the earth and fed hi.i, so this parasite lives on the labors and 'thefts of his ' woman.' For hin she robs the pan- t try ; gives him, not crumbs, but whole r heaps of food froim the rich man's I table, and to him she cariies her week- o ly wage. Indeed, his system has be come so extensive that it is very prob able that the majority of white families 9 who employ cooks in this country are feeding one or more of these gentle men of leisure (lay after day." Observers in Northern cities, such d as Philadelphia, New York, Chicago f1 and Pittsburg, in which the negro ( problem is becoming a serious menace f to the health and moraity of the com munity will recognize the truth of the Gazette's observation, and it is only necessary to squint toward the book learning which is setting the l ising h generation of negroes in the South on the high road to the chain gang, the jail and the penitentiary t0 recognize the origin of the growing curse. It isI not confined to Georgia, to Mississippi j or the South. It is found in every large city in the country where negro women have found the means to earn an honest livelihood, and where the great majority of them would continue to earn it were it not for the black para. sites who follow closely upon their heels, and who not only hold them Up regularly for the greater portion, if not the whole, of their wages, but who c suggest to them the petty pilfering, the insolence and shiftlessness which have e become the bane of many a patient i housewife. f There is need in the South for the labor of every mail or woman, black ' cr white, able to work. There is no reason why anyone should be a loafer or a vagrant. The remedy is not lif ticult to find. Georgia itself has a law which permits anyone to arrest a vag' rant, who shall be punished by the county court, or bound over for one year for service to some one. Tihe law, a as the Enquircr-Sn points out also de- I lines vagrants ini unmistakable langu age, as follows : "1. Persons wandlering or strolling c about in idleness who are able to work andl have no propert~y to supp~ort them. " 2. Persons leading aii immoral, idhle or prefligate life wiio have no prop erty to support them, and who are able to work and (do not work. " 3. All persons able to work, hav img no prop~erty to sup~port them, and who have not some visible and known means for a fair, honest and reputable livelihood. " 4. Persons having a fixedl abod3, who have nio visible property to sup port them, and who live by stealing or by tradling in, bartering for or buying stolen property.. " 5. P'rofessional gamblers living in idlenessC5." Those States wich possibly may not have such provisions should make th'3m as soon as p)ossible, and should vigor ously enforce themi. The curse is too widespread for one State to be expect ed alone to suppress5 it. There must, be0 a widlesp~readl, united plan carrriedl out promnptly and strenuously, it is a curse which not, onily acts as an imme diate drain upon the thrift, of a comn miunity, but it, also Lends to (denmoralize the workers, and atands as a block in the way of immigration of indlusttious folk to the placo where they would h~ave liberal rewards. -Southe rn Farm Mfagazine, .Judg~e Stump, of Elkton, Mo., diedl recently, leaving instiruction that lie be buried in an unpainted white piie collin; that he be clothed in an old suit; that no fuineral sermon be preachi edh, and that his body not lie embalmed. Ihis wishes were observed to the letter. The report for 1900 of the P'ennsyl vania bureau of mines shows thbat 252, 844 workers were employed by the mines and b)roughit to the surface 130, -535,080 tons of anthracite and bitumi nous coal, an average of 51 tons for e ach employee. CASTOR IA For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Atwoys Bought e Beoars the sianature MARIBORO'S MODEL FARMER c A Native Carolinian Who Has a Made a Million Dollars on the Farm. The Bennettsville correspondent of it the Atlanta Constitution gives the fol lowing sketch of Mr. A. J. Matheson, R Af Blenheim, S. C., whose success as a Farmer anil country ierchliant has been T luite notable : Alexander .James Matheson, of Blen icim, Marlboro County, South Caro- '1 inn, is ir many r.spects one of the nost remarkable men in this State. So EIe was born in this county in 1848, ta mnd his father D"onald Matheson, was 11 native of Attadale, Scotland, but att !ame to this country ien a young is) nal, and wais a lawyer by profession. IM 'I. J. Matheson, on account of the war At )etweei the States, wis deprived of a St Inished education, but is noted for lin kis general inforimition an( has no ye uperior as a financier an( business wa uanager. anl Like many Southern boys, he re urned from the war penniless, but l) irave, patriotic anid determined. lIe i t once entered upon his father's (e astated farm, endeavoring to repair a. he (lanages wrought by Sherman's let rmy, at the same time eke out a living ' or himself, father and sister. In 1869 lie accepted i position with prominent planter in Marion County, (II u this State, as foreman of his farm. n 1870 lie worked for the same gen- 1 lemiani, operating a three-horse farm,1, eceivilg a portion of the CropI as coim- re( ensation for his labor, doing the h ard- re st kind of manual work himself. cii )uring the year 1870 he married a lost estimable lady, Aliss Ellen Jarii an, of Marion County, sind Mr. Mathe Dn admits that much of his success is tic to her cooperation an( wise coun 31. They have had nine cihldren, five St augliters and four sons. ta( In 1871 Mr. Matheson rented ia small wit inmi an( operated a limited inercan le business, which proved unsuccess ii. Ile wasi (liscourage(d, Went West, C 11d visited many sections beyond the tv lississippi river, but being unwilling > locate iml that country, lie returned ome, with renewed energy and deter- b) unation. Ile again enteredh the mer Mitile business and from the beginniir as successful, making money rapitiy. i 1873 he purchased( i twenty-live orse cotton plantation, among tihe nest lands in the Pee Dee section, sat oing in debt for tle mkust of the 1401 mount. Ile continued his mercantile usiness, amassing weath with ama.- a ig rapi(lity, and year after year pur. hasing large plantations, his comm er ial rating all the time growing. Later on, Mr. Natheson moved to lenheii, a small town seven miles >uthi of Bennettsville, whore lie par- , liased property an(l continued the mer Antile business, his trade extending an tany miles in every (lirection. H1e La as reared a cultured and intelligent the timily, having given all of his childreni, ho are old eniough a collegiate educa o1 to prepare them for the rugged attles of life. Lio le is the largest real estate owner I Eastern Carolina, an(1 his lan(s are rtile and valuable. Among his large li lantations are " Brown's Creek, )A Attadale," London," Arcadia," frc ad " Egypt," besi(les many siallet laces. He operates about two hun red plows and last year made on his idividual farms ab~out 1 ,600 bales of otton. All of his lanl~tations are pro- e ided with telephones, artesian wells, etal stores, modern barns and1( im roved ginneries. He has a three-C tory brick mill house at Egypt, on 3rooked creek, roller patent, process, ~ vith a capacity of 50 barrels of flour laily. His wealth is estimated at $1,000,-1) 100. H~e is the largest taxpayer in this d *ectin of thie State, employs moi-e ands than any other 011e man mi the ;tate, is liberal, affable andl optimistic, th arries his own insurance and has notT dollar on his life or property. f Hie has traveled extenisively in Eu- i ope, having made several visits to his ather's oki homesteadl in Scotland. last year ho aiid his dhaughter visitedM he Paris Exposition and madle aii ex enided tour throughout the differents ountries of Europe. i In 1870 Mr. Matheson purchased te raluiable real estate in the towni of Ben lettsville and1 erected a very large two tory brick store house on the tracks tn >f (lie Atlantic Coast, Line railroad, in which lhe has siince condlucted a grocery eC usiness under the iname of the '"Marl bioro Wholesale Grocery." Th'is5 eniterprise suicceded from the beginning, owning its own warehouses, clottoni sheds(, seed( scales, etc. Before Mr. M athieson establ ishied this whole sale business another firm was cond uct, ing, miost successfully, a similar busi- gi ness, but, oiily two months ago the old ii firm sold out, to the " Marlboro Whole- 8 sale Grocery " and( the two businesses p are no0W combined, supJplyinlg a large h territory and~ empijloying quite a num ber of salesmein. In August of last year Mr. Matheson formed a copartnership with C. E. " Exum in the wholeale business, and ~ this year the business will sell three quart ers of a million dollars' worth of goods, and this rapid increase indicates that within the next year this enter prise will (10 a million dollars' worth of business. Mr. Exum is a cottomn buyer of much experience, lie is a No Ih Carolinian and a business man of ex traordinary ability and( sagacity. lHe puirchiases annually several thousand bales of cotton, and it is reported thatt Matheson & Exum will put ini a cot ton coinpress~ plant, at this place to prepare cotton specifIcally for the ex port trade. Mr. Matheson is a member of the Presbyterian church and a great Sun day school lover, lie never falls to Ditribuito to ill charitable pirposes le has a magnilicent, home, it culture (] accompislild faimily, limself I nie Colverisaltionalst, al( there is ll( mie inl the Palnetto State where the latch string "1 hangs out longer tht the MIthdesont hIoilesteal. AISING OF ANGORA GOATM, Lie First of the Breed in the Coun try Came to South Carolina. Larlcstoilk E'vonling Post. The bree(ing of Aigora goats inl uth Carolina, which lIas been under <enI on ant exieisive scale by Mr. J. Starii, of New York, and by other ick raisers experimeitailly on tile sea aids aibout Ciarleston , is ot, a niew lustry in South Carolhua. The first igora goats illiported to tihe United ites were brought by a South Caro ian ialf a century ago, anld for some mIrs followinlg considieraole attention .s given to the aillimals in tilis State d Ueorgia. For some ltile past tie Uifted States parlltmen1llt of Agricuilture has been ecatgtilg tile sulject of goit rais , which ill the opiliol of Ihose Who takinr all initerest ill thev matter, is ttinl. to become inl the iear future U of the p)r'omlilet ildultries8 of the mtry. Ak biulletini just isledl tinder tile ection of Secretary Vilson states, dong iieh otier ilteresting mnfor tion, that dlrigll the 1141 inistratioll Presi(iit Polk the Sultan of ''u key tuested of 11im to recommenl some . wilo wouhiI experillen I ill cottol ture in Turkey. Accordingly, 1)r. lies 1. Davis, of Columbia, was rec mllend(1ed all( received tile appI)oilt nt. The work wiici lie tid was so tifying to tile Sultan tilat upo1 tie urn of Dr. Davi to tile Unitedl tes lie reciprocated tie courtesy of Presidelnt by presen-ting the (octor ,I niniite Angora g'oatsi. Pihe I)avis imlportatioln of Angoras a frequetly exiibiteI at fairs, and Irywiere attriatedhc( maci attenttion01 I receive(d fvorable commots. It a tunfortunate for the (lustry at tliat e tilat the aiinimals were ithoughlt to of Caslmere bree(, for mverything . wag known about, tihe (Casilmere t was claiIed for tictie goats. As Anigora goat cal nlot fulfill tile re sLtei of a Cashiere goait aniy Imlore isfactorily tian .Jersey cattle can ve the prillposes of 11111f breels, ,re wias abuidatit room for tile dis ,)oinltmenlt W11nch soon folflowed, and( 1ich1 almost irove the Anigora out of imderation. Ill 1853," tile billetini states, 'tile vis goats were pu1rciasel by Col. hard l lPeters, of Atlanta, (a., vitil . exception of' on1e owied by Col. Wde liampton, of South Carolina, I by Mr. D aveuport, of Virginia, I one by Air. Osborne, (it New York. ter Col. Peters imported otlhers, but y dIl noti, prove satilfactory. lie is leli ly looked lpoll as bite real m(er of the Angora goat inlustry tile UniteI Stat es. Other importia 11 occurred from timlie 1() Lile up1 to G. In i 1881 tilth Siltan absoltitely >hibitetl tile exportation of' Angoris, d1 this prohibitioll is still ill effect. few aiiimmalsi lave beel imported imi Cape Coloniy. Notwithistaninhg - prohibition of exportatlolns from irkey, Dr. W. C. Bailey, of Sail .ose, Il., visited Asia At lnor(11 duing tile rly monthal ot this year', and inI April ceededl ml shlipp~ing out, four goats. iese arrived ml New York ini A pril id left qjuarautine there for 1their difornia home 0on May 9. "Tile Angora goats of these severa] iportattionls found their way iit any of the Southlernl and1 Cenltra] atbes. but, for some~t reasoni they seem >L to have become a permanent ill' stry there. At thle close of the civil lr about, all tile goats of thlis b~reedi at remlainled ini tis counltry were ill e Southwesternl States, principally In ixas, New Mexico, Arizonla and1 Cah trnia. Within the last few years they ve gonie into Oregon ini large numii rs, and~ qulite recenltly several thiou nd( have beenl taken inlto Iowa and issouri. At tile presenlt time it, can every State ill the UnJion. An in rest is mlanifested inl theml such 1a8 s niever' beent knlowni before, and it betlielved that tis intterest will result establIising piermlaniently an~ indlus 'that, will eIxtend~ to every part of tile 'Tie goats are inlcrealsinlg rapidly oni >~lly island and1( onl othler islandis aboul iarlestoni, and1( thetir breeding wvil on be tan imlportimt and1( pr'ofltable3 in istry o)f tis vicinity. Select specimnens of your chloices ainls, 'Jegeitables, IinIely bred( stockt cllirng poultry, for exibiiitionl at, thl ate Fair. A little effort on you irt will secure one( or mlore of thi Eundsome premliulms. Great~ Britain's wealth mncreaseO bout $2,000,000i a dlay, accordinig t< tatisticians. IThe World's Greatest Cure for Mlalaria. X For all forms of Malarial poison 'ionic. A tat Lof' Maulariail poisOn tncin youlr loouat maanmisery atI~l ! ailuaro. lorI med lc inesct ulro Maslailal poisoning. The antidloto for it is JOHNSON'S TONIC. (Oct a bottle to-day. Costs 50 Csnts jf It Cures. No Haib, "My hair was fallink out 'Y fast and I was greatly alarmeeod then tried Ayer's Hair Vigor i my hair stopped falling at onceO914 Mrs. G. A. McVay, Alexab~rO The trouble is your har does not have life enough. Act promptlf.. Save yout hair. Feed it with Ayer's Hair Vigor.. If the gray, hairs are beginning to' show,. Ayer's Hair Vigor will restore color every time. S1.00 a botle. All druggist . If your druggist cannot supply ot 801nd1 11 -4n1o do at' and weii exprs T you it a bottlo. Ho sur-o and- \h me o f yotur nearent oxpi'esh of Co. A ress, ,.J. c.O.Ylun Co., Ieren1, Mass. THE RAILROADS OFAlERICA Facts and Figures asto Their Con-.. struction and Management. The address wpiich-Senator Depew delivered at the Iutfalo Exposition on ' " Railroad-Day " wad full of interest ing and valuable information. He said that since the construction of Stephen son's locom.otivose9vonty-two years ago, there have been built- In the whole world 475,000 miles of railway, which are "capitalized ti about forty billion dollars. The aggregate length of the railways of the United States is 193, 000 miles, with a capitalization in st)ck and bonds of eleven billion soyen hundrei and nineteen million dollars. The mileage of our railrQads is six times greater than that of any other coun t ry and many thousand miles long er than all the railroads of Europe combined. While this country occu pies about six per cent. of the land surface of the globe, we have over forty per cent. of its railway mileage, while the international commerce of oir country is .4o vast that the tonnage an inually carried by the railroads is greater than the tdtals of Great Britain, Ireland, France and Germany coml bined. It was recalled that railway develop. ment of the United States commenced in 18;80, in which year forty miles of road were bilt. Ip to 1860 we had rciteaicd only 28,000 miles, being less than 1,0O miles a year, but from that time there was wonderful progress in rtilroad bhilding, exclusive of the war priol. Bet ween 185I anIl i54(1, 21, ()()0 miflicsi were built ; betw' 1870 and 1880, 37,000 nles were 1 .dt ; be tween 1880 and 1890, 77,000 miles; be tween 181.10 and 1897, 21,000 miles from 1897 to 11100, 9,000 miles. While we have not built so many miles of road within the post few years vast sums of money have been ex pended in improving them, in replacing wooden bridges with steel structures, amil(l putting on more powerful locoio ives and larger freight cars and more elegantly apipointed passenger coaches. iSenator D~epew says that in the ser vice of the railroads in 1900, there were over a million meni and they were paid $577,000,000, or sixty per cent. of the entire operating expenses. There were at least a million more, lhe saidl, employed ini building cars and locomotives, in minmng coal, in getting out ore, in making stecls rails and . ootheir empachments wndich aultitudle other ttloments awich aexist only to sumpply the railroads, so that one in evecry fif(teen of the persons ini the Uniitedl States, who are engaged in mechanical pursuits, or earning wages or salaries, get their living from the operation of the railroadls of the coun try. T~h~e gross earnings of the railroads of the United States in 1900 were $1 ,487,000,000, of which, as has al ready been stated, $577,000,000 went for labor $792 ,000,000 for material and supplies, rentals, interest and taxes and the balance of $1 18,000,000 to the stockholders. " To make this situation more clearly understood," said Mr.. D~epew, " of every hundred dollars earned b~y a railroadl, $39 goes directly to the employes of the company, $27 for interest on the indebtedness and rentals of other peCople's and city's prioperty, 2j3 for taxes and $8 to the L stockholers. Thelm sumn distributed to the stockholders is equal to about two per cent, on the stock." Of course , someid stocks pay more and some less and somec pay nto dlividends at, all, but t wo per cent. is the average. As shiowinig what p)rogress has been mamde in railroad management, Mr. I cpepw nays that when ho' enteredl the service ini 1800, the rate per ton per mile for freight was two cents or twen.. ty mills ; the averagc rate per ton per. mile on all railrotids of the country in 1900 was about seven malls. Yet the railroads make more money now than they formnerly made because of the in- - creased capacity. Rlailroads are run more economtically in one sense than ever before and the affairs of these roada tare conducted in ca more busi.. ntess-like way. The object now is to give first of all a first-class service, and then to pay as :arge a dilvidend as pos sible to the ownvmers of the stock. Kansas makes money out of her con victs. T-icir earnings for the last fiscal year exceeded the cost of their maintenance by $41,000.