OCR Interpretation

The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, March 06, 1902, Image 1

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VPOL 12-NO 6
OL i.-NO 6.PICKEiNS, S. C., THURSD)AY, MARCH 6, 1902.
-- - .- - ... . . 9 ~~ v w a
One Prohibits Combinations and
the Other Provides Means to
Secure Testimony in Alleged
The Legislature had before it a num
ber of measures proposing to regulate
the " trusts." But two of these meas
ures got through, and one of them was
almost emasculated by the Senate.
This was the W. J. Johnson bill, a
copy of the Hogg anti-trust law on the
Tcxas statute books. The Senate
passed it after eliminating the affidavit
required of corporations. This aflida
vit is said to have been the one feature
of the bill most objectionable to cor
The other measure which got through
the Legislature was a bill introduced
by Mr. DeB,uhl, and is a measure
seeking to give the attorney general
full power under which to proceed
against the trusts. Two years ago the
Legislature instructed the attorney
genei'al to proceed to investigate the
operations of certain corporations. As
no appropriation for expenses was I
made, the attorney general was unable c
to accomplish anything. Last year the I
Legislature made an appropriation for I
this purpose, and the attorney general I
miad an investigation which led to the t
suit against the Virginia-Carolina c
Che'nical company. a
In order that the attorney general t
might have no stumbling block put, in
his way in future investigations, Mr. C
DeBruhl introduced the bill, (which
has become a law with the Governor's C
signature,) " providing a proceduresto
enable the attorney general to secure c
testimony in relation to the violation &
of acts prohibiting trusts and combina- c
tions and violations of law by corpora- 1
-tions."1 The act declares: c
Section 1. That whenever the attor- it
ney general has determined to com
mence an action or proceeding, under t
the act entitled "1 an act to prohibit 1
trubti and combinations and to provide 1
penalties," or any acts amendatory c
thereto, or any acts now or hereafter 1
of foi 'e, relating to the prohibition or 8
prevention of trusts, combinations or 8
monopolies, or against corporations, i
foreign or domestic, for any violation it
of any acts now or hereafter of force t
of this State, he may prescit. to any I
justice of the supreme court, or any a
circuit judge, either before or aftei il
beginning such action or proceeding, u
an application in writing, for an order C
directing the persons mentioned in the t
application to appear before a justice 8
of the supreme court, a circuit, ju(lge 1
or a referee designated in such order,
and answer such questions as may be a
put to them or to any of them, and
produce such papers, documents and a
books concerning any alleged illegal j
contract, arrangement, agreement, f
trust, monopoly, or combination or t
corporate acts in violation of law; and
it shall be the duty of the justice of i
the supreme court, or the circuit judge, t
to whom tuch iapphcation for the order I
is made, to grant such application. c
The application upon the proper show
ing for the necessity for such order I
made by the attorney general, must I
show upon information or belief, or b
otherwise, that the testimony of such i
person or persons is tnaterial and c
necessary. The order shall be granted v
by the justice of the supreme court, or I
the circuit judge, to whom the app~lica- 1
tion has been madle, with such prehi- 1
minary injunction or stay as may ap)
pear to such justice or circuit, judge to r
be proper andl expedienit, and~ shall r
specify the time when, and pilace wvhere I
the witnesses are requiredl to appear,
and such examination shall be
held either in the city of Colum-<
hia or in the judical dlistrict in
which the witness resides, or in
which the principal oflice, wvithin
this 8Sate, of the corporation affected, I
is located. Thme justice, judge or ref -
eree may adljourni such examination
fromm time to time, and witnesses must, i
*. at~tend~ accordlingly. Th'le testimony of I
** each witness must be subscribed by
him, except in case t~he testinm ny bei
taken andl subscribed by a sworn stenog
~,rapher, and all such testimony must,
be filed in the ollice of the clerk of the
county in which such order for exami
nation is fIled.
Sec. 2. Thle ordIer foir such examina
* tion mnust be signied by the justice or
-judlge making it, aiid the service of a
cop)y thereof, with an endorsement, by
the attforney general, signed by him,
to the effect that the personi namedl
theremn is reqtliired to appear aind be ex
aminedl at the time andl place, andl be
fore the justice, circuit judge or ref
eree specified in such endorsement,
shall be sufllcient notice for the atten
(lance of the witnesacs. Such e-ndorse
mnent may contiam a clause requiring
such person to p~rodluce on such ex
amination all books, palpers andl docum
ments ini his possession, oi under his
*control, relating-to the sub1ject of such
examination. The orde~r shall be serv
.cdl upon the person niamed in the en
dorsement aforesaid, by showing him
the original order, and (delivering to
and leaving with him, at the same
Lime, am coipy thereof endorsed as above
-provided, ando by payinmg or tend~ering
to him.) the fee allowed by law to wit
nesses siiupoenaed to attend triamls of
civil actions in a court, of recoird in
this Statec.
~Sec. 3. No person shall 1be exeus(ed
from anlswerinig anyi~ quesFtions that,
may bel put t >him, or fromi producing
any books, paperst' 0.(or~ docuelis 0on the~
grb.und that, thme tes-imoniy or evidece,
dlocumnenitary or tlherwisoe, reqiired of
him may tend to incriminatec him, but
no0 person shall1 ,bo prosecuted in aniy
criminal action or proceedings, or sub
jectedI to any penalty or forfeiture for
or on account, of any transmction, mat,
ter or thing concerning which lie may
testify, or produce evidence, documen
tary or otherwise, before said justice,
judge or referee appointed inl the order
for his examination, or in obedience to
the subpoena of the court, or referee
acting under such order, or either of
them, or in any such case or proceed
Sec. 4. A referee appointed as pro
Vided in this act possesss all the pow
era and is subject to all the duties of a
referee appointed under the code of
ivil procedure, so far as practicable,
ind may punish for contempt a wit
mess duly served as prescribed in this
ict for non-attendance or refusal to
)e sworn or to testify, or to produce
>ooks, papers and documents accord
ng to the dirqcti.on. of the endorsement
tforesaid, in the same manner and to
he same extent as a referee appointed
,o hear, try and determine an issue of
act or law.
Sec. 5. This act shall take effect im
ncdiately upon its approval, and shall
)e deemed and taken as cumulative of
AI statutes of this State.
Following is the full text of the act to
orohibit pools, trusts, lonopolies and
:on1spiracies to control bueimess and
orices of articles, to prevent the forma
ion or corporation of pools, trusts,
uonopolies and Icombinations of char
ers of corporations that violate terms
f this act, and to authorize the in
ititution of prosecutions and suits
Section 1. Any corporation organiz
d under the laws of this or any other
tale or country, and transacting or
onducting any kind of business in this
tate, or any partnership or individual,
r other association of persons what
oever, who shall create, enter into, be
ome a meniber of or a party to any
ool, trust, agreement, combination,
onfederation or understanding with
ny other corporation, partnership, in
ividual or any other person o associa
ion of persons, to reapulate or fix tile
rice of any article of manufacture,
icchanism, merchandise, coimniodity,
onvenience, repair, any product of
lining, of any article or thing what
oever, or Lo ninitain said price when
o regulated o,, lixed, or shall enter
uito, become i member of or a party to
ny pool, agreement, combination, con
ract, association or confederation to
ix or limit the amount or quantity of
iiy article of manufacture, mechan
fm, merchandise, comm nlodity, conve
icuce, repair, any product of mining,
r any article or thing whatsoever, or
lie price or preminn to be paid for in
uring property against loss or damage
y fire, lightning, storm, cyclone, tor
ado, or any other kind of policy is
ued by ainy corporation, partnership,
udividual, or association of persons
foresaid, shall be deemca and ad
Ludged guilty of a conspiracy to de
raud, and to be subject to the penal.
ics as provided by this act.
Sec. 2. A '' monopoly '' is any
inion, or combination, or consolida
ion, or affiliation of capital, credit,
roperty, assets, trade, custems, skill
*r acts, or any other valuable thing or
ossession, by or between porsons,
irms or corporations, or association of
ersons, firms or corporations, where
y any one of the purposes or objects
aentioned inl this act is accomplished,
r sought to be accomplished, or
vhcrcby any one or more of said pur
oses are promlotedi, or attemptedl to
>e executced or carried out, or wvhere
>y tile several results tdescribed are
casonably calculated to be producedi;
nd a "' monopoly " as thlus defined
ndt conltemplateJ, includes not mere
y such combiinations b~y and~ bletween
we or more persons, !lrmns or corpora
ions actinlg for themselves, but is espe
:ially defined and~ intended to include
til aggregations, amalganmatione, allili
tioiis, conlsolidationsa or imcorp~ora
ions of capital, skill, credhit, aisaets,
>roperty, customls, t~rade, or oth~er vaiu
ible ting or possessionl, whether ef
ectedl by the ordinary melthodls of part
lership or by actual union undler the
egal formi lof a,;corporation, or all ini
orp~oratecd body resulting fromi the
liioni of oine or more distinct firms or
orporationls, or by the plurchase, ac
luisition oi control of shares or certill
ates of stock or bonds, or other con
orate plroperty or franchises, andi all
~orpiorations or partnerships that have
Oenl or may be createdl by the coinsol..
dation or amalgamlation of the sepa
~ate capital, stock, bonlds, assets, credlit,
3roperties, customl, tradle or corplorate
>r firm belongings of two or more
irms or corp~orations or companlies, are
aspeciatlly declared to conlstitlnte mo
iopiol ies, within the mecaning of this
ict, if so createdi or entered1 into for
any one or miore of the piirposes5
named in this act,; anid a "' monlopoly,
[as definied in thlis sectioii, is herebly de
elared to be unlawful andl againist, publ
lie policy ; and1( any andt all personls,
firms, corporations or associations of
p~ersonis enigaged therein shall be
dleemiedl antd adjudged guilty of a coin
spiracy to defraud, anld shall be sub
ject to the penlaltics prescrib~ed in this
Sec. 3. If aniy pesn persons, comn
paniiy, partniershlip, associatioin or cor
poration enigagedl ill the .llanulfactuire
or sale of any article oif commiierec or
conlsumptioli from the raw matecrial
with the intentL or pm11 pos of drnivinlg
prfodulCed or minied ill this State, shall,
out competit ion, on for the puirpose of
financially injurinlg completitors, sell at
h sa thlan the co t of manufatcure, or
give away their manufactured pro
ducts, for the purpose of driving out,
comflpetition or linanciallIy inljuiringi.
competitors engageud in tile manuitfac
ture andi refinining of raw matecrial ini
this State, saId personl, p~erSols, coml
painy, partnership, association or cor
poration resorting to thlis method of
securing a monopoly in the manufac
ture, refnngand a of th f.nishe
product produced or mined in this
State, shall be domed guilty of a con
spiracy to form or secure a trust or
monopoly in iestraint of trade, and,
on conviction, shall be subject to the
penalties of this act.
Sec. 4. Any pcrteon, partnership
firm or association, or any representa.
tive or agent thereof, or any corpora
tion or company, or any oflicer, repre
sentative or agent thereof, violating
any of the provisions of this act, shall
forfeit not less than two hundred dol
lars, nor more than flive thousand (o
lars, for every such offence, and each
(lay such pereon, corporation, partner
ship or association shall continue to
do so, shall be a separate offence, tile
penalties in such cases to be recovered
by an action in the name of the State,
at thejrclation of the Attorney General
or the Solicitor of the Judicial Circuit
within which the offence was comminit
Led; tle moneys thus collected to go
into the State Treasury, and to become
A part of the general fund except as
liercinbefore provided. The amiount ,
:>f the forfeit to be fixed by the judge
before whom the case is tried in each
lase, within the aforesaid limits; the
-ollection of which penalty shall be
3Mforced as the collection of lines
Igainst defendants upon conviction of
Sec. 5. If any two or imore persons
ir corporation, who are engaged in
iuying or selling any article of com
iuerce, manufacture, mechanism, m1er
:handise, commodity, Col venience, re.
)air, any product of mining or any ar
,icle or thing whatsoever, shall enter
lito any p001, trust, agreement, combi
laion, confederation, association or
inderstanding to control or limit the
,rade in any such article or thing; or to
imit competition in such trade by re
using to buy from or sell to any per
ion or corporation any such article or
,hing afoiesaid, for the reason that
mch other person or corporation is not
i member of or a party to such pool, I
,rust, agreement, combination, eon
elteratiol, association or understand.
mig; or shall boycott or threaten any
person or corporation, for buying from
or selling to any other person or cor
poratioll who 1. not a member of or a
party to such pool, trust, agreement,
comnbi nation, confederation, associa
tion or understandinlg, any such a ticle
or thig aforesaid, it, hal be a viola
tion of this act; and any person, firm,
corporation or association of persions,
commtnitting such violation shall be
deemed and adju(ged guilty of a con.
spiracy to defraud, and shall be sub
ject to the penalties prescribed in this
Sec. 6. Any corporation created or
organized by or under the laws of this
State which shall violate any of the
provisions of the preceding sections of
this act shall hereby forfeit its corpo
rate rights and Iranchises; and its cor
porate existence shall, upon the proper
proofs being made thereof in any court
(Of competent jurisdiction in tile State,
be by the court declared forfeited, void
an1d of none effect, and shall thereupon
aense and determine; dand any corpora
Lion created or organized by or under
the law of any other State or country
which shall violate any of the provi
0iona of the preceding sectionos of this
act, sha1ll thereby forfeit its rght and
privilege thereafter to do any business
in this State; and upon proper proof
being made thereof in any13' court of
completent jurisdiction in this State,
its rights andl privileges to do business
in thlis Statec shall be declared forfeited;
and in all p~roceedinlgs to have such
forfeiture dleclaredl, proof that any per
son whlo has been acting as agent, of
such foreign corporation in transact
mng its business in tis State hlas been,
wilie acting as suchl agenlt and mn thle
name, behlalf or interest of such for
eign corporation, violating any pro
visions of thle preceding sections of
this5 act, shall be received as prima
facie proof of thle act of thle cor pora
tion itself; and it shlall be the duty of
tile clerk of said court to certify the dle
rere thereof to time Secretary of State.
Sec. 7. It, shall he thle duty of the
Attorney General and the prosecuting
aittornecy of each circuit whlere tile 01
fense i committed, respectively, to enI
force thle provisions of tis act. Thle
prlosecultinlg attoriney or solicitor shall11
institute and conlduct, nll suits begun
in the circuit colurts, andl upon0 appeal
thec Attorney General shall11 prosecute
saidl suits in thle supremell court.
Sec. 8. Tile provisionls of the fore
going sections, and thle painis and peni
alties pirovidedl for violations of thlis
act shall be h~eld and construed to lbe
cumulative to all laws no0W ill force ill
this State: And providled, Thlat tlhe pro0
visions of this act shall 110t exempljt
from1 punliish~ment er forfeiture any
personls, firm, associationl of persons or
corporations, who may hlave violated
or offendedl against ally law now in
existenlce thlat may fic or may be conl
stiried to be rep~ealed by this act or in
conlilict herewith1: And provided, fur
ther, That, nothing in this act shall be
deemled or conlstrued to c ifect any suits
or prlosecultionls now pedl(ing or hlere
after to be in~stituledl upon01 aniy courise
of actionl, forfeiture or plenalty aiherni
ing or to accrue prior to the (late ohf the
taking effect of thlis act, but, ailt .5uch
righlts to mnaintainl, inlstituite or' prosec
cuite all such causes of actionl are henre
by reservedl to the State ill the samiie
mannier andl with the same11, elfect as if
thlis law had nlot been plassedl.
For Inf'~nts and Children.
The Kimi You Have Always Dought
Bears the
Bill Arp Writes About a Good
Old Elnglishnian in the Confed
erate Ariny.
Atlantta Constitutionl.
Of courtse -of course It was Tom
Moore. How came I to say that Burns
wrote that pretty ballid beginning
" And I know by the smoke that so
gracefully curled?" I know better and
the edlitor should have corrected it, for
lie knew better, too. What is an editor
for if he does not correct a " lapsus
pLennae" like that? But I am glad I
made the mistake for it has brought me
three letters and a postal kindly cor
recting me, and )r-ves that the peopleI
ho read the old-time authors are not
[ill dead. The last line of that verse
aIlways reinids ie of a good old man,
A comrade, Captain .Johin llockenhull,
in inglishimaii by birth, but a Georgia
rebel who used to recite poetry for us
Around tie camp fires in 1862 and 1,863.
We cilled him "Old Ilock" and every
')ily loved lim, for he wis i cockiey
uaid dropoped the li's where he should
not, and vice versa. There is always
I eharm in bruken English and to mur
lea the lng's English is 1o great of
ese. " (Old Iot k" knew a good deal
f Toi Moore anid IHurins aid 1100d I
aid Canipoell, alld it was a trcat to
lear him say:
4 'Tle 'Cart that is 'imbl nIe might 'ope I
or it 'ere.''
lie knew that other sweet ballad of
X nnc Crawford:
'Kathleen Mavourneen, the gray dawni
is breaking,
l'he horn of the hunter is heard on the
\nd lie iways said "1 The 'orn of the
linter. is 'eard on the 'ill." The ''Exile
>f E Ill," which lie called the '1 Jlexilo
)f hierii," was another of his favorities
le learnied these poems from his sweet
icart while lie was an apprentice in 1
loilon-an orplimi boy bound for
even years to a hardi master, a %brewer,
nd his daily service was to carry the
jars of malt fromn the cellar up a Ilight
f stona steps to the floor above. lie
never had a kind word fron his master,
mnd one day lie tripped and tell and
b)roke a ji- and was bitterly abused for
it, anid told that he had forfeited the
t'a that he was to get, when his term
was out. lie was then eighteen and
had yet thiee years to toil at his hard,
nimiotouous work. That night lie
poured out his heart to the girl lie loved
and declared lie would riu away and
go to America on the first sail vessel
that left the port. That lie would
make some money here and send it to
her if she would promise to e mie to
him, and then they would marry and be
so happy-and she promised.
Within a week the opportunity came.
ie told one of the sail irs his sad story
aiid the sailor tol the mate, and they
took him aboard by night and hid hiu
down in the hold of the ves el until
the good ship had weighed anchor and
was far out to sea. " Old flock" told
it all to us one cold night at Manassas
and how sad and sweet was his last
kiss, his last embrace, his last good
bye. lie choked niu sometimes and the
tears glistened inl his eyes, but it wis a
pretty story and Dickens could have
built, upon it and made a tender ro
mance. -This was away back in the
forties when our State was building the
Western andl Atlantic railroad and
wvanted laborers and1( hiad sent a man to
New York to lure immigrants as they
landed at Castle Garden.
"' Old Ihock " did not have to wait a
(lay, but was hired andl shipped to At
laiitia and fr-om there to Allatoona,
wher-e he diid his first work. lie saidl
bie did not feel safe upon the ocean
voyage or in New Yoirk harbor, for he
feared lie might in somne way be caught
is a fugitive and taken back, but wheni
lie got to Al latoona anid saw the woods
ill around himn and thle high hills and
leep i-avines andl mingled with goodl
kind-hear-ted mien and1( wonmn, lhe felt
safe and frece. "' I ncycrm knew w'at
freedlom was befoi-e, aind you hlameri
u-ans 'ave no hidea w'at, a bllessing it is.
T'he good womiani w'cr-e I boarded and
hier dlaughite- were so kind andh gentle
1o med that, I would 'ave 'uggedh tliemi
if I dai-ed, but I thought all of the time
of the giril I had left, behind me and it
ner-ved mie to goodl 'on est woi-k aind the
conitractori sooni iraisedl may wages, aind
in six months 1 'ad( a 'undred dollars
in bantik and1( got at good mani to sendio it
to another- good~ mani ini New Yor-k, and
lie found the samec captain I caine hover
with and he t>ck it toi my sweetheart,
andi' she came back with him i, and
while I was ever-y (lay looking foi
a letter she took mel by suirpisei one
mor-inng and breught the letter with
her, anid we j .ist fell in to heach
hiothier's hiarmis lik e- l ike-like- -ma jor
hexcuse me now, I must, go and look
hiafteir my 'oss."~ le lihdinmed his
line mar-c Emmaui, so that lhe couhld call
her hlemma, I reckoni.
Ilut we mnade him fInish the st~ory
after wairds and tell how onie good frieind
volunteered to go after- the hi cense,
anid .aiother- afteor the pr-eacher-, and
his landolady and Iher daughter b~akedl
sonie cake and~ got up a hextra supper
anid they were married that night, at
her 'ouse, and .amltli heeimbers about,
what, the preacher said was: "' VWim
G od 'ath joiined together, hot no man
p1t, tiasuinder." " Old llock "' was a
pait riot, a good, honest and true man.
His nieighboi-s at his home ini Da.mwson
Couity all loved aiid honored hima
anid there was not, a man -in his regi
menut (the E~levenith G.eorgia) more b~e
loved by the meni that h'e fed, for lie
Was chosen their commisAary early in
the war, and1( you know idis so na~ural
toi love t htse w',ho feed you well.. When
r ationis were short lie wouldl travel all
night to secure sul)ies anid the boys
knew that if '" O ld hlock '' conu~id't get
what they wan ted nobody could.
But in course of time the ol man
got sick aid wanted to go home. Otheir
ollicers had got fullouglis, but lie had
iiever asked for oie. Ile welit to )e(d
and sont for me, an1d tolil me he was
sick anld if he didn't get a furlough lie
believed lie would get sicker and per
haps (lie away from 'ome. I suspected
that he was homesick, but he looked
sick amd I sent up his application. The
irmy hadl been for some days swelter
img in the hot summer's sun not far
From lichmond: The application was
referred to hea(quarters at Iichmond,
imd I took it in to the proper (llicial
Who glanced at it anid said1 ' " Lupor
.ant movemeits are daily expected,
m( all furloughs togo h'sme are strict
y prolibited. The bt !1 I can do I to
'end tihe captaini to Fairmuville for thirty
There was an army hospital at parII
'iilv, which was only thirty miles south
>f lichm1ond, where sick oflicers were
cnt, to rest. ail(l be treate(d for their
ihments. And so lie inlorsed upoii it
"ariville, al in the next blaik said
bir ty( days. Su(l(lnly a thought came
ver me that I could not resist. I
new that " Old il1ock's " postoffi0ce in
corgia was iamed Farmville. I
tepped into the hotel and took a peni t
11( quickly added "1 Ga.'' to the word.
knew that it was risky and rascally,
ut I di(l it, and took it to "Old Ilock"
nd told him to got ready to leave next
iorning. Iow quickly bce brightened
p antd how thankful he was to me.
Ic went home on that pass and caie
ack in (ue time, renewed and re
overed. lIe 81i( the coiductor looked
[rdl at him and at the pass, but let
im go by the hospital and then
e felt safe. I knew if I had told him
Ihat I had done he couldn't face the
usic and tell a lie. After the war
is people sent him to the Legislaturi1e
iid my people sent me there, too, 111141
lre rejoice( to get together again every
Light and rehearse the soul-stirriii
i mes that we had in old Virginia.
i1.1 Alo.
Breeders in this State Losing
More than Ten Thousand Dol
lars Annually from thl Disease.
Si nce the mtolck law went into lTeect,
and ticks have d isappeared in many
parts of the State, Texas fever has be
cme quite a common diase. It is
estillated that the breeders of the
,ate are now losing annually more
than 810,00) from this (isewio, ald
it has been shown to be so ipilbortantL
that the South tiCarolina experiment
stat1i has undertakeii the work of
comibating its ravages by a process of
ii.oeulation (vaccination.)
In the fa I of 1000 twelve Calves
were bought by tle veterinary divi
sion1, of which I)r. (1. E. Nesom is
clief and 1)r. Shealey assistant. All
of them were subject to tIe diseaseP, as
they had never carried ticks. They
were innoculated with blood from a
cow that, Was ilmlllulne, anl in a few
(lays they developed a light, case of the
disease from which they soon, recover
ed. During the summer of 1891 they
were kept in a tick-infested pasture
ani none of them contracte(l the fatal
form of the disease.
Ilut more important work is no0w be
in~g (don1 in the samiie way on Northern
catile. .Every one wvho has purchased
cattle from the North and1( exposed
thenm to the Southern cattle tick knows
that most of them (lie the first, year of
"' acclimation fever,'' another name
for Texas fever.
Sixteen head of beef cattle were
brought, down from Indianapolis in
November, 1901, and have been in
aioculatced. 'iThey aro doinig wvell so
far and when the woi k is finuished in
ulhe spr'ing Iliey will be tested in tick
Lifested1 pastu~res. It, is hoped t~hey
will pr'ovc immunie. If this met hod
proves enltirely successful it, will es
uabl ish the fact that a g-reat, obstacle
n the way of 11o1t r oineing bet1 ter cat
Jo inito thiis Statec hias been removed.
In this connlection Dr. G . l' Nes~om
ias sent out, the following cirenilar~ let
ter~ to farmers and cattle raisers ini
Th'Iis circular letter is sent you in
the hope that you will assist, the vete
riniarini of the explerlmenit stationi in
secuingii som11e info(rmiationi regardling
the cattle dlisease known as |TIoxas
Du)rinig (lie patst few years thle dis
ease has been pre vailent, ini miiany sec
ions of (lie State, butt smee0 the piassage
of the preent, stock law it, has1 become11
ver~y commoni(1l, esp~ecial ly in the np
cot i ry and in -lie pastures and14 pens1
of stock butyers and14 feeders.
Tlexas fever is known by a number
of naimes, but (lie mo~st, imiportant, of
these are spleni ie fever, slenuetic foyer,
acchmationi fever, Soutlh4 rn cattlec
fever, tiek fever, roll water, blody
murrain, bl1oody .urine, (listcenr C,
moutinm distemlper and many loca)
Th'le symlptomis are~ readIily recog
nized by anyi one who haus seeni cattle
The Woe ' s Greatest
Cure for Imatarla x
. Frall forms'.f MalarIal nolson.
- ns~ take.Johnsun's ChIi and Peve:
Tonic. A tnint of MalarIal poison?
'u-: in yo ar b104lroodimeansmlisery andi
- ailuire. I5lorxi 1.nedleinen4 can't curo
Mlarlal poisoning. Thle antidote
for It is JO'HNSON 8 TON-IC.
(Gst a bftlo to-day.
Costs 50 Cents If it Cures.
The World's Greal
lPor all forms of fever take JOIINS
It is ti 0imos better thanl (j1li nite it
nine vain ot do inl 14) days. It's 11p0ie
feeble cures made by quinitie.
COSTS 50 Cj;f
itifferitig fronm this fever. At first th
ilniials becomI e stupid and leave ti
herd for soIlle Sel1e and shily par
olf tle patsturie. They aipIpCar 1 istles
1tld (hoop, its if ill elergy 11m( for
4aken them, the ears drop, the nose i
nore or less dry, rumination (clewini,
idi) 1s8ipended, the urine light to dir1
'ed lin color, and Constipation liarked
-ily 3'mall itiatititjes of very datrk, drj
lung being voided. They are highl)
evered, tlie temperatire runnin g from
01 to 107 degrees 1'. ll inlilk COw
he flow of nulk is ailmost suspended.
\il of the ytlipt.ollis imcrease il sever
ty until the animial becomes almost oi
huite unconscious, walks round in :
ircle, giroanis and seems to sufer rei
ain. Then convulsions set in, thi
mimlal falls, unleotimcious anl't snolritu
i tile intervals between convilsionii
tuil death ensues. Calves rarely de
relop the severe symptoms or die fron
le disease, but inl Cattle over a yea
>ld the death rate is possibly 40 to 9
er cent,., increabing as5 the age ill
Post mortem examination c r Lh
mrea shows the liesh to lie alm
loodless and pale inl color, th1e splee
ielt) black and eaily torn, the blad
ler filled with bloody urine, the live
1nd inttestines yellowisli an11d the gi
dadder filled with bile.
In ill clses inl examlliination of Ilh
skin about. the thighs, flainks, neck an
fther parts of the boly reveals th<
ITSece.J of ticks, wnhi always gt
vi i Texas fever. The cause of LEn
lisoase is a smilall aiiinal organ imn
piroto11zoant), which seems at al1
txist in the biody of tihe t, imes
ick. When the ick insers its hil
l rough the hide these little germin
4ain acei to le blood of, tlie cow a,%t
there develop, producing i case c
l'exasI fever inl teni t) tWenty day
D eath results from hIlie destruct loll u
the red blhood cells, the refuse goin i
the spleen and ule coloring ntlter
the bladdler.
Cttl tthat have had ticks oil thei
wheni they Were calves Ire iiine I
the disease, aill will not. have it agai
Cattli that have not ud ticks oil hel
unilil a year oli, will devliop the di
case a4 soon as they get the tiick.-.
The experinenit blatioi ollilals d
sire ,to assist tile stiol- cmel of the Stwk
ill gettin.g the disease under it'cnr
111141 prevent severe losses ini futur
lin1oeillatioil ex))ewililts aire nlow )
p rog ress, al d it is hlioed tiiitill 1111101
ity to it 1ay be procted hy ar.
ilI lls.
You are reiiested to atiswer ti
<questions on thet, enclosed postal ca,
and retu1rnl as sooni as possible to ti
veterinarjianl, who14 wishes to thanki y4
in) advanlce for your c-o-opeiation inll
matter. Your tr4Iuly,
G. E. N vsmi, Veterinauian.
Clemsoni College, S. C.
A, a mass-meetin- g of the I'aren
Lecaguie, att K okomalj, Indliarma, I
against, the cigarette hab it, and t
school authorities, supotdby
Leaigule, wvill wage a erusadle algati
the evil, which 18 growmng on (lie hoj
Superintendenit, Ogg made a rep~ort
the boairdl of edulcationi, shoinOig Lh
out, of I ,300 boys in the city school
'00 were addicted to thie cigarette habi)
and~ were ini consequence t wo yeai
behind inl thleir stuie~is. Says M~
Ogg: ''Th'lese various reports inlci ij
nearly I ,300O boys, from the fi rst, grat
through thie high school. O)ver ont
third of' these admiiit they do smoicke <t
ha~ve smoikVed. T1hose w ho belonigt
the (ehitsa of imoukers avleratge onle yen
Jllder tan Lhoi who0~la ( do (it. sjmok<
l'aking those who are habit mi
smokie:s, ihe dhiifereince ini age is L w
years, iniakinig thiemi twol year is behiin
I he nonl-users in flhiir studhos. I n
there arie other losses besides those<
prrs I the teacheris' rep)orts al
anniot.atioll nilarks of 1110 self-conltrol
laz'y' , 'very dall ', '1no conicenltration
vacant sL ae'1, etlC."
TIh0 Ioluigest br'idge li the wor II
the i~o d l iridtge, neair Sanganlg,
Chi ina. It ext ends five anid one- lou r
andii is supported b~y 300 hu lige stoi
atrchies. Theli roadway is seveunty fi
abiove the waterian isi~I Celosed iii
ironi network.
In Spin a man11 who works on
farm receives atbout '2. cents a iday.
thle vineyards wages range fromnt
cents a day for women and1( boys to:
enits for un iski lied men and to 4:
50; centsa for those upon w hiose skill i
whole responilsiiulity (of the raisml er<
H,4i0 Oriduatei. Iteceives from I to 5
pheiatIionls dtaily for book i(keepiers aid (I
nogJLrapheirs. liook keep~inig, Short ha
Te'~legrapihy taugjht. iefers to Allan.
bin iess meni and( bankers W,'rite for<
al(ogne. Address A, (G. lltisCOF, Pi
or L., W. A ItNOLDi, Vice-P'rop., Atlanta,
Oni faim lanids. 1Easy p ayments. No c
missionis charg~ed. Borrower pays 1
e at, of perfecting -loan. For in forma
w rito
I ~ J30. B. PA LM1ER & SON,
Uolumbia. 13.
UIii P, IULLfK kI hA'
;est Fever Medicine.
5Id (ue it a sirigio (lay what slow qul
tid ctur(e are in strikmigcontrast to the
How the Farntiers Can Save Money.
t lo lie Editor of 'I'he lountaineer:
'he following communication Issued
- yihe Assitant Agriculturist of Ulem
.3 son Agricultural college Is of so much
value to the farmers of tis State on ac
count of the present high price of all
feed products for farni animals and
stock, that I have determined to got you
to publish this as an advertiseient for
which our comipany will boar the ex.
As sonic of the products made up in
the rationi as made by Mr. Connor may
not he available to various plantore I
suggest that any planter write to Mkr.
Connor and state what food products
are available to him, both rough forage
and concentrated food, and Mr. Connor
will take pleasnue in making up a ration
to suit his needs as he has done In this
- Yours truly.
1r v! C. INrz M 0oN S.
r General Manager The Southern Cotton
Oil Company.
Cheap Rations for Horses and
B To 1 o Editor ol'T c Mountaineer:
Farmers fron various aections of the
State have been writing asking about
r the advisability of feeding horses and
r mules on cotton seed meal and hulls and
also asking for a cheaper ration than
11- The following prices are given in a
letter from Scranton, 8 U. : Corn $40
per ton; oats, $45 per ton; wheat bran,
$25 per ton; cotton seed meal $26 per
ton; rice meal, $22 per ton. Of course
corn an1id oats are out of the question as
q food for horses and mules at the above
prices s something cheaper must be
looked for.
The analysis shows that rico moal has
about the sarno composition as corn meal
and YWe have found that it is just ae good
f for feediug pigs. We have fed it to
horses Oith good results. I think we
arc safe in say iug that it may bo used in
Place Of corn pound for pound.
If no hay or fodder is used in the
Sratioll and hulls are resorted to as rough
loss some nitrogenous food such as bran
i or (otton seed meal must be used to
4) Iuipply protein. Ilulls nay be fed with
. out any further fear of in*Jury to the ani
1 mid. Should they refuse to eat the hulls
at little corn mecal or bran sprinkled over
-lte surface will tempt them.
A gootd cheal) ration may be mado up
as follows:
v Six pounids of rice costing 6.6 cents;
d fiiur pounis of wheat bran costing 5.0
Ceit.s: tWo poIuind of cotton seed meal,
costilg 2 5 cents ; ten pounds of cotton
seed hulls, costing 1.0 cents ; total cost
of ration per day m 1.
'lTe above is for at horse or mule of
1,411u0 pou nids inl live weight.
It is evident that a ration madue p of
rd coirn and fodder and contaiining the same
m iount of digestible matter as the above
iu ratioi would cost much more than the
he above.
The North Carolina experiment station
has fed cotton seed meal and hulls to
horses with good results, but the experi
mnents along this line have not been ex
tensive enough t) say that cotton seod
meal can he fed in unlimited quantities
is' for' any length of time without injury to
Xst the aninal.
Lin Numbers of farmers, however, have
he reported that they have fed cotton seed
be meal to mules and horses with good
.L (O. M. ONNen,
- AssL. Agrist. 8. C. Experime ntai Sta
to ion.
at ._________________ _
promptly procurod, OR NO FEB. Rond modeL. tkeboh,
or phit for f r r<Trt on patn?.h~ity. Book 'fHow
I i,, o ~i U.K nne Fo.r.i.n, P'atfletaan rad-Math,'
r RiE. ir -t terin oior offerad to inventngu.
^ll ibuino u,,uni,-ntiai. souin adv . 5 rIsI~ .
i ri.i Mdrto ohnrgs.'
" IC . SNOW & CO.
Op. .8 Patent Of flee, WASHINgTON, . I,
ill anything you Invent or imnroe aso
PR OfTE CTlON. Rond model, sketch,or photo.
>, r fr (uiitaton an advie
latenut Lanwyers. WASHI NGTON, S.C.
Ovvzoil ANn) WORuui, NoRTH AUBfTA, 8. 0
Doorsl, Bash, Blinds and Builder's
to- All Corresponidenqge.prmtt
ud(, Lention. nqgvn rmta
'at, -113- J[AYN~cswontTI- - C. E. RonIIN so
Ia. . W,. P'aitica, Pces
-Ia Greenville, s . Piki.,,/
om Attorney,,-at~Law,
Pickens C. IL, . gout
Practicn in alh Courts. At
usiness promptly.
U-. t&"'Monov to loan.

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