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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, June 19, 1902, Image 1

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VOL 12.-NO. 21- PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, JUNi 19, 102
-- - 9 -ONE DOLEAR A vuA
Opening of the C
The Catididates4 Were N iue
The political meeting at I)onnald
on Saturday was attended by a larg
crowd, probably two thousand person
and by neat ly every candidate fc
State, Congressional and Senatorit
offices. The regular State campaig
did not open until Tuesday, the ope :
ing meetings of which were held a
Columbia and Sumter, and the neel
ing at )onnaldl's was a prelude, a kin
of dress parade, so to speak, whici
had been arranged for the convenienc
of the people n the corners of Abbe
ville, Anderson, Greenville, Lauren
and Greenwood counties. It was at
tended by a larger crowd probabi
than will attend any meeting this sum
mer, and for that reason was a mosl
important one.
All of the cnadidates for Governor
four of the candidates for the Unite<
States Senate, all the Congresiona
candidates in the 3rd district, and r
great many of the candidates for tht
minor State oflices were on hand. TIh
crowd was a good natured one, and the
(lay passed off pleasantly and harmoni,
ously. A barbecue was given by pri
vate persons and a very creditable col.
ored brass band from Laurens County
furnished music for the occasion. The
principal interest seemed to be cen.
tred in the speeches of the candidtates
for Governor.
Col. Talbert was the irt I.speaker.
le declared that t,i Atering re
minded him of some of Lim old Allh
ance camp-meetings. 1I declared
that a candidate for any i fice, partic
larly that of Governor, ought to first
examine himself and see if he has the
manhood to fill the place. Ile stated
his opposition to the use of money in
elections. le declared that he is a
candidate on his record and on his
merits, and is opposed to political con.
spiracies and the use of money n
IL will be a sad day when wealth
will be an embargo on those who as
spire to oflice. Ie deplored the fact
that the campaigns are becoming so
expensive, for this will eventuate in
injury to the poor man. le opposed
the trusts. We need statutory laws
which will put a restraint on the com
binations of capital. He wants to see
factories built. While capital should
be given protection, we don't want a
new political school to be brought in
with capital. There should be no con
flicts between the corporations and the
people, between labor and capital. It
is impossible for a small amount of
capital to compass large enterprises,
but there should be restrictions on the
combinations of capital.
The betterment of our public roads
is no longer a local matter, but a na
tional question. The government is
making inquiry into the methods of
building roads. The t.owns and the
country should be divided in nothing,
and in building better public roads
they should be particularly united. It
would require some taxation, but one
dollar spent would mean ten dollars in
return in benefits.
Hie next touched upon the qjuestioni
of educat ion. Hie is in favor of all of
the schools and colleges, lie would
not take one brick out of a single col
-lege andl would rejoice it' there were
more. But lie wants to see a better
public schlool system. This system
Sshould be so reformed and built, up
that a good EL glish education can be
given every white child, Hie would
like to see the common school mnade
the highvia ay leading tip from the poor
* man's door to the highest offices in t,le
land. There are two races and one
must dominate the other. Tile ballot
and the spelling book must be taken
away from tile negro. Let the negro
go to tihe fields where hle belongs; let
V7 him pa~y his teachers as lie (does his
preachers, andl let the white man's
taxes go to edluating thle white mani's
children. Col. Talbert, was listened to
* very attentively, lHe t.old some jokes,
but not as many as usual as his time
*' was short.
Capt. Hleyward was introduced as a
"prominent planter of ColIleton Coun
ty." He commentedl on the presence
of so many ladies. They should take
an interest In the affairs of the coin.
monwealth. The housewife does more
to control t,he destInies of a nation t,han
does t,he platform of any party.
Some might inquire why does lie
aspire to the ofilce of Governor ? He
said there were a variety of reasons
which he might give, but, like the little
negro who gave his reason for being
a Republican, he is in the race because
he wants the oflice.
He Is running on hisa own merit,s. 11
he can't get it on lis merits he would
lIke to see the office given to a bettm
* man. Hie would not at,tack or refer un.
*kidly to any of his competitors. Hie
wanted to see South Carolina prospei
*. agricuiturally, commercIally and indus,
trially. The past year has been thu
hardest the farmers have had to dea
with, and all prosperIty depends on thi
- success of the farmer. Appropriatiom
of public ntioney should be done mos
carefully and judicIously ,under such
They dispensary law has been thi
issue for years, but it has been settled
ae did not know whether or not th
PdIspensary would be an issue, but h
favored the law as the best solution o
the liqu.or problem, and should it. b
Shis good fotiune to bje elected Gioverno
he would seek to do his duty and I
enforce the law.
The main question cvntronting th
tlll)Iigt ill the State.
r-its anud the Irisucs Were Few.
s people now is education. A republic
e like ours must look for its welfare to
i, the enlightenment of its people. The
,r school house is today the best factory
Li for producing true citizenship. It is
u mandatory upon the General Assembly
- to provide for the common schools,
t while it is left to the law makors' dis.
- cretion what to do with the colleges.
I lie favors the State colleges, but the
i conditions there seem satisfactory now
a and the conditions in the common
- schools are not satisfactory. lie wants
s to see the people thoroughly aroused
- on the subject of the common schools.
e Ile spoke in opposition to the trusts.
- We all favor capital, but we want to
see capital come among us and be
used in a legitimate way. Should he
be elected Governor of South Carolina
I he would do his utimost to see the
illegitimate combinations of capital
properly handled, and he would confer
with the Legislature on that subject in
order that the best interests of the
State might be conserved.
The next speaker was Dr. W. II.
Timmerman, who said that like the
lean (log he is good for a long race.
I )r. Tin mme man said he had not. ex
pected to make a speech, as he thought
the time would be taken up by the can
didal.tes for the Senate, all long-winded
fellows. lie is not a stranger in South
(arlinia. iIe chellenges the closest
scrutiny into his pi ivate life and public
career. Ile wouil make the campaign
dealing in a most kindly way with hies
Ile thought that taxation would not
soon be lowered. IIe has been reliably
informed tlh..t there is very little money
in the coffers in the StAte treasury, and
the Governor and 'reasurer will be ob
liged to borrow money with which to
conduct the expenses of the govern
ment. The interest on the public debt
must be paid promptly in older to
maintain the credit of the State. For
that reason lie would advise economy
in legislation.
The policy of the State is settled on
the questioil of education. The col
leges deserve and will receive the sup
port which has been given them.
The rural districts are in need of
good roads. IHe views with alarm the
exodus of the people from the faris,
and believes that good roads and good
schools would help to reclaim the
white citizenship for the country dis
lIe called attention to the danger of
negroes having the controlling intlu
ence in politics on account of our reg
istration laws. The white children
ought to get an education, or as much
as they can. For it is possible that
with a division among the whites the I
negroes might be used as the balance
of power.
IIe stated that lie wants the olice of 1
Governor for one term and one term 1
only. He claimed an experience which
none of his competitors had enjoyed, in I
both branches of the General Assembly,
as State treasurer, member of the sink
ing fund commission, etc. He coneluded<
by sayinlg with dleep feeling that, lie I
loves his native State andl would be
rejoiced to be its chief executive.
The several candidates for Governor
will receive a flattering vote here, al
t.hough the favorite seems to be Mr.
Mi. F. Ansel, the former solicitor of
this circuit, lie spoke with much vigor<
and was in the home of old friends.
Mr. Ansel aidl lie was no stranger here.
These p)eople had looked into his face I
many times, even when they (lid not
want to. He thanked the people of this
judicial circuit for the honors they had
in the past bestowedl upon0 him. The I
oillce of GAovernor has its duities and I
its responsibilities as well as its I
Hie declared that lie had iiot beeni
fortunat,e enough to get all of the edui
cation he wanted, and he is an advocate
of education, educat,ion of the hearts<
and of the hands. A great tidal wave
of education is passing over this coun
try, andl we must get in the swim or I
get left. Tihe old fIeld school has left
its iniluences upon the countiy, and
these influences couldh be enlarged ifi
more time and more mnterest should be
given tihe common schools today. lie I
would in the campaign appeal for the
education of the children to make bet.
t,er citizens. Hie said that heo is in the 4
race to tihe finish notwitbstanding fthe
fact that it had been rumored that lie
had withdrawn.
Good roads is a hobby wit,h him, and
he advocated goodl roads for the Stat,e.
We have railroads and st,reet cars, but
we want something for the people at
large. lie said that he had often won
dered what would be the value of the1
wagons and vehicles ruined by running
over rocks and roots and rits.]
There are a great many convicts in
this country, why not use them to make
good roads? 1Build( a littl'e bit at a time
and eventually all of the highways will
be macadamized. If' this kind of work
had been begun 40 years ago we would
have had goodl roads now. After con
c luding his speech, Mr. Ansel went out.
I among his friends and showed the other
candid ateb a few. things in tile art of
I hand shaking.
It had been.reported that piol. J. Ii.
I Tala.nan would be on the defensive, but
I he, starLed out by twitting his oppon
I ents for not discussing the dispensary
a law...
-IDr. Timmerman roe ied that It is not
3 an issue and evybQyknows where
he stands.; Col, TAbert declared him.
s self hdWtMor at the law and said his
time for speaking had been limited,
and Mr. Heyward stated he had al
ways favored the law. Mr. Ansel stated
that he Is in favor of the law properly
Mr. Tillman then took another tack
and said that Talbert is asking for
ofilce on the ground that lhe has been
in ollice for twenty-two years: D)r.
Timmerman has had one for twelve
years, Mr. Ansel for ten or twelve
years, and Capt. Hleyward had never
had one, but wants this one mighty bad.
Ie discussed the antiquity of some of
Col. Talbert's jokes.
The rest of his time was devoted to
the charges made against him by the
editor of The State, who, he said, was
so biased that he attacked tile whole
Methodist conference and stigiatized
the Rev. E. 0. Watson with having
told a falsehood because there had beei
some talk of moving a college from
Columbia. It could then be under
stood how the editor of The State could
attack him (1'illman) in an article of
three and one-half columnis, supple
mentud by an editorial, merely because
his name is Tillman.
S4N ATl')I 1IEl'RWsV'S SPE 1e.
The 'reservation of Our Forests
IIns ieen oo Long Negleet
The Senate bill for the purchase of
a national forest ieserve in the South- t
ern Appalachian mountains, to he
known as the "National Appalachian <
Iorest Reserve,'' which had been f
heartily commended to the coisidera. a
Lion of Congress, was un er considera
tion in the Senate when Mr. Chauncey
M. I)epew, of New York, a member s
of the committee in charge of the bill, i
made a strong and argumentative C
speech in behalf of the plan. He said l
that the results of an h.9vestigation by 1
the committee were so convincing and s
satisfactory that legislation seemed to
be imperative, and then he continued
as follows:
Nature has been so prodigni in her
gifts of forests to the IJUnited States that
the important question of their preser
vation has been neglected too long.
The attacks of the settlers upon the
woods for clearings and a home have I
been indiscriminate and wastbful in t
the extreme. The settlers are not to a
blame, nor are the lumbermen. The i
testruction which has been going on v
with such frightfully increasing rapid
ty during the last fifty years is due to '
i lack of that government supervision 1i
i the interest of the whole people c
vhich can only come from education -
md experience. The iuiuberiau a
wishes to realize at once upon his pur- p
:hase, and as a rule vast fortunes are P
nade in (leforesting the land. Rail- s
'oads are run into the woods, all the r,
ippliances of nolein inventions and u
nachinery are at work, and this muag
lificent inheritance is being squander- e
d with a rapidity which is full of peril w
or the future. a
Intelligent conservation of the for
ists of the country is the highest evi- i
hence of its civilization. The climate, 0
he soil, the productive cap)acity of t,hey
arm, the eqjuability of t,he rainfall ,
nd the beneficent, flow of the st,reams 14
Ire all dependent upon the science of ti
orestry. We have wisely set apart u
iready in the WVest 41 natioral re
erves-about 46,000,000 acres. One t<
~f them is already paying expenses a
nud yielding a slight revenue. ti
The experience of the older coun
ries of the world is of great value in 0,
his investigation. Forestry has been T
>racticedl in Germany for hiund reds of bi
rears. Except for t,his wise andl
houghtful care by the government, y
lie fatherland would be wholly unable
o sustain its crowdedl p)opl)ation.li
['wcnty-six per cent, of the 1Nnid o~
hat country is in forests, of which the tI
;overnment, owns two-thirds. We w
iave left, in our count,ry only 20 per of
ient. of our territory in woods. Ger- i
nany has special schools of forestry ,
or the edlucation of her yout,h in this gg
cience. The young forester is t,aught, C
ill that books and lectures can give, al
and then is p)lacedl in a course of from 1)
.hree to seven years in the pract,ical a
pplication of his work aiid persona y~
t,udy upon t,he ground. In that wa-n f b
1e becomes bett1er fItted for his caree -.
L'he goverment not only cares for it,s o
wn forests, but,it brings undIer its au- tl
>ervislon, laws, and rules those of pri-- dI
rate owners.
lIn France 17 per cent,. of the coun-f
ry Is in the forest, of which the gov- f~
irnment owns one-ninth. The ruin
taused by floods and by the drying up p
)f streams from deforesting the mouni- a
sin sides led one-of t.he ablest stat,es. b
non of France, Colbert, during the tl
~eign of Lomus XIV, to prepare and o
ut in force a code of forest laws, a
LJnder this code, as perfected, all the a
lorests in France, whether owned by n
die government, by communes, or by 2
unduvidLuals, are under the direct an
pervision and control of the depart,- f,
ient of agricult,ure.
The same is true in Italy, in Switz. o
srland, and In Austria. European a
g;oveinments are going still further in U;
L,he line of forest preservation. T1he r
Italian government found that their (
vallley farms wore being destroyed by .(
t,he floods which in the rainy season i
poured down from their dheforest,ed (
mountain slopes. They came to t.he e
conclusion that it would be true econo.'
my for Italy to reforest these hills,.
Tihey have arranged for the expendi
ture of $12,000,000, and this reforests,
only 600,000 abres. Fi ance, foolingi
the sane disastrous effects upon bea
agriculture and from the same cause,
expended $1L),,000,000 in the reforest.
ing of 80,0i00 acres, and has made er
rangement, for the expenditure of
";,000,0110 more to complete her
plan. It costs for this reforestina K2-I
an acre in Italy and 6150 an acie n
France. Not withstanding this large
expenditure, it will be a half century
bofore the full benefit of the reforest
ing can be felt. It will be miany gen.
orations before the soil in the woods
will have acluired that quality of ab
Sorption aint rotentioll of the water
whichmakes It both a reservoir and a
protection for the farms below.
The proposition before us is not to
reforest at $2-1 an acre, as in Italy, or
At $50 an acre, as in l'rance, but at an
axpense of about $2 an acre to preserve
Lhe forests which have been forming
for over a thousand years in trees and
coil. Scientitle forestry in (ic many,
P"rance, and Italy gathers an annual
-rop from the trees which have read.
d the point whore they are commer
ially valuable and can be cut, not only
vithout injury to, but, on the con
rary, for the benefit of the whole for
-st, of from $t to $5 an acre per yeah
et, after paying all the e.Ielses of
heir care.
There are many villages m (er
niny which pay all their taxes from
he revenue derlved annually from for
sts which they own, while other com
nunlties which sold or deforested their
ommon lands have poor lands and are
maupel ized by their burdens.
Switzerland presents for 01url monn.
ain regions a remarkable illustration
f the necessity as well as of the benle
it of forestculture. The Swiss dis
overed centuries ago that with the de
oresting of their steep mountain sides
fter every rainfall the soil was wash
d down into the valleys and ran 'off
n the streams and that their country
as likely to become a desert. They
rere the pioneers in this industry of
udustries. As cal ly as the beginning
f I:00 they had a complete system of
rest preservation and control. In the
ix hundred years of which they have
ad the records they have brought their
ystem to such perfection that the
wiss forests not only are the salva
ion of Swiss agriculture, both on the
illsides and in the valleys, but they
iold net to the goverlnmniit $8 per
ere a year. It is a forn of revenue
vhich is not subject to accidents, but
an be realized upon with absolute cer
ainty under all circumstances. For
st, under such conditions are a per
ietual and increasing mine of weatlth
o the government on the one hand
nd to the whole people on the other
a their influence upon farms and har
eats and uponl industries.
While 46,000,000 acres of land have
eon rescued to the West, there has
een nothing (1o1e in the East. The
ountry had a supel b property, unique
t every way, unequalled for richness
nid rarity and for the value of its
roduct, in the redwood forests of the
acific slope. Through carelesanr s
mply Congress yielded to the shrew'
mpresentations of the speculator, who
nder that homestead p.ca, which is
roperly so attractive to the American,
-cured the enactment of laws by
hich any settler could secure 160
sres in these forests of priceless value.
hen came the harvest of the lumber
en. Each of their employees staked
it 1060 acres. The sailors upon11 lhe
assels that carriedl oiff their lumber
ore indullcedl to make claims for their
10 acres each, and t,he land was then
ansferred to the lumbe:' companies,
21il, for a mere song, this magnifi.
mt inheritance of the 1peop)1e fell in
the hands of different corporations
ho are mercilessly destroying the
m ber.
,Negligence of this kind on the part
Congress becomes almost a crimo.
hose wonderful woods should have
sen preservedl, not, for speculators and(
gus settlers, but for the whole 1)e0
e of t.he country. They would, tinder
ient iflc forest management,,li yae
~en for all time to come not only
If-supporting and1( revenue prodlucinlg,
ey would have be3n more-they
0111( have been the source of supplies
wood for all purposes for the inhab
ints of the PacifIe coast. TIhey
ould have been addit,ions to the rural
enery, which in every State and
hunutry, when attractive, helps cutltur e
d civilbzation. They would have
sen the home of game, where sports
Cen couldl have found health and1(
easuire. But, inst.eri, t,he landl will
3comne an arid waste, the streams will
ey up, and the country will lose not,
aly one of its best posse3sions5, but
iere will be inflicted incalculable
image npon a vast region which
,herwise would have remaiiedl always
ill of happy homes and cultivated
irm s. .
Tihe Appalachian forest reserve as
roposedl in the pending measure is
bout 160 mi1108 in leng t hand of varying
readth. IL is from 400 to f00 feet above
ie sea. It runs through the States
Virginia, Virginei, North WVest,
d Sout,h Carolina, Georgia, Alabama,
ad Tennessee. Th'le slopes of these
uountalns are very steel), varyinlg froem
) at the lowest to 40. The waters
hich flow from the perpetual streams,
td by t,he perpetuial springs, run on
te one 81(1e to the Atlantic and on the
thier to the Gulf of MeXico. TIhe
breams from this mountain forest are
ie tributaries of these important
vers: The James, the Rtoanoke, the
atawba, the Savannah, the New
Kanawha), the Tennessee, the French
troad, the Coosa, the Yadkin, the
hbattahoocheo, the Broad, the Iliwas-.
ce, the Nolichucky, the Pigeon, the
~uckaseegee, the Watauga, and the
lolston. .The region affected by these
treams is from 100 to 150 mIles in
vidth on the Atlantic side, and.more
,han that on the other. It comprises
part of the richest agricultural country
in the United States. The timber in
lbms forest is all hard wood, and is the
largest body of hard wood on the North
American continent. It ist a museum
of forest growth, embracumg, on ac
count of its location, the woods which
can be grown in temperate, semitropi
cal, and tropical counitries. There are
1:17 varieties, making this forest one of
the most interesting in the world. 1'he
deep soil has been formning for a thous
and years or more, and in its tterlac
ing of tree roots anl hiimus, of grass
and leaves, there has been created an
enormous spongo for the absorption,
retention, and distribution of the rain
''he rainfall in this region is greater
than i any other part of tlie United
States exeept the Notii 'acilie coast.
It ranges from 61) to 100 ilinches h year.
The downpour at one time during the
past year was :o inches. Where the
forests are intact the water finds its
way through this thick and porous soil,
goes into the crevic^s of the rocks and
into I he gulchess and forms springs and I
rivulets. Natuie, always beneticent
inl her operation, so arranges this vast
collection of the rainy season that diur
ing the rest of the year it lows out
niatuarial1y and cainably t hrough the i
rivulets into the strea is auid through
the streams into the rivers, and waters
and fertilizes half a dozen States.
''he results of an attack up n this
fol tress, created by Inature for the I
protection and omnichlent 'if the peo
ple, is more disat-troue than the sweep
of ai invading army of savages over a It
thickly populated and fertile country. .
They kill, they carry oil captives, they s
hunt am they destroy, but after the ii
war the survivors return to their homes I
and in a few years every vestige of tht- a
ruin has disappeared. In its place there 1
are again cities, villages, and happy
people. Biut the lumberman selects a s
tract of hard-wood forests upon the it
A ppalachian mountains. 'The trees, I)
young and old, big and little, surrender a
to the ax and the saw. Then the soil 0
is sold to the farmer, who ilnd1s abun- h)
dant harvests in its primeval richness. t
For about three years he gatheis aa re- .
inunerative and satisfactory harvest, t
hut, he sees, as the enormous rainfall f4
descends, his fat ii gradually :isappear. h
At the end of three years he can no t
longer plant crops, but for two years
more, if lucky, he may be able to graze t
his stock. At the end of live years the i
rains and floods have washed clean the I
mountaiu sides, have left nothing but I
the bare rocks, have reduced his farm I
to a desert, and created a ruin which
can never be repaired.
But this is not all. 'I nat farm has
gone down with the torrents, which
have been formed by the cutting oil of
the protecting woods, into the st,reams
below. It has caused them to spread
over the farms of the valeys and
plateaus. It has tuined these peac
ful waters into roaring floods, which
have plowed deep and destructive
gullies through fertile llelds and across
grassy plains. One freshet, in the
Catawba river last spring, occasioned
wholly by the de.orestmg of the moun
tains, swept awaya million and a hafl 1
dollars' worth of farms, buildings, and 1
stock. The damage (10110 by the I
freshet of last year alone, in the large I
territory fed by the streams and rivers a
which came from these mountains, I
was estimated at over $,l8,000,000. 1
'1Thi destruction canl not beC repe)ated
many years without turning into a
desert, the fairest port,ion of our coun
try. This process of destruct,ion is ~
cons8tantly enlarging because of en
eroachmecnts upon the foresis on ae- C
count of t'xe growing scarcity of hard t
wood. The lumbermen are runnmog
light railways so as to rcach the here- Y
Lof >re inaccessible depths. TJhie giants e
of the mountains, which are four or
Ilve hundred years of age, and many i
f them 7 feet in diameter and fromn S
140 to 1510 feet high, are falling inx in- i
3reasing numbers every month before a
hxe pitiless aiid rnthless invasion of "
he ax and the saw. In ten years the p~
lestruction will be complete, the forests s
will 1)e practically gone, the p)rotect.ing 'Y
uoil will have been washied oiff the hill- A
udes0, and the newsp)apers will 1)e ihled a(
sach year with tales of disaster to t
popuilattOns, to farms, to villages, and W
lo manu facturing enterprises, occasion- bi
ad by unusnual and extraordiniary rains at
md the tori cnts which have been gi
formedl by them and flowed down a~
through thie valleys.
It has been estimatedl that, t,here is W
mn t,hese mnountain st.reams I ,000,000) gi
hiorsep)ower' which can be easily utiliz,.- ad
md. Tlhis means a saving of $30,000,- ei
1)00 a year in coal alone, which would b
otherwise have to be used for the gen- c
erat,i)n of that amon t of power for ft
manuifactuintg pu rposes. But it means g4
more. This 1,000,000 horsepower t,hat a
these si,reaims, which flow equably all i
the year roundo becausae of t,he nature ft
of t,he sponge which forms tIhe reser- 1
voir that suppllies them, would creat.e ~
an inalcualab)le amount of electrical 0
power. With (lie successfr'I demon- r~
strat,ions which have been madle in s'
California antd Niagara Falls of the 0
dist,ance to which this energy can be U
transmitted, ihe value of these st,reams, ~
kept, in their original condition, to the ~
future of these Stat,es can not be 0
estimated. There are in these condi. e
t,onis all t,he elements necessary for t,
tranisportation, for light and heat, for r
mnanufactuies and mining, in a very
large section of the Unit.ed States,.
T1he proposition in the hill is to aum
thorize the Secretary of Agriculture, 1
at an expense not, exceeding $10,000,- I
000, to purchase 4,000,000 acres of
these forests. They are beld! nowv in
large tract.s of. from 1,000 to 5,000 ' I
acres. They are being rapidly bought'
up by lumber companies at, from #1 50 i
to $2 an acre. The owners, as .I am ,
informed, wouald much p)refer selling to '
the government than tn Individuals or
I The World's Grea
For all forms of fever take JO>HN;
It Is 100 times better than quinine a
rino cannot do in 10 days. I ts spI:
f-ceble cures made by quinine.
iorporations. The reason Is obviou
It is estimated by the Department c
t griculture that within five years th
orests would 66: 8elf-sustaining, an
ifter that a source of increasin
-evenue for all tim . to conie. It
mpossible for the States to undelrtak
his work. New York, in order t
lrotcect the Iluison and Mohawk, ha
een purchaMsing a large domnail
Iiiough the Adirondack forests whici
lie proposeH addtlag to every year
l'his is possible because the whol
erritory Is within the limits of tih
tate of New York. But in the A ppa
achian region one State can not buj
he forest Hources of the streams he
anSe they are in another Slate. Tlh(
lnIt. lWhich has the forests can not be
to go to the eXpense of pro
ecting t.hem in order to presorve th
Lreanus and agl icuwtite andl induastriea
f ad jotlitlm com-nmonwealths.
The government does much in manj
vays to create wealth for the people
very river and harbor bill carrie
vlthl it millions of dollars to create
venltli by dredging harbors, rivers
ud streams. The irrigation proposi.
ions which are always before us ant
>ime of which have passed the Senatc
re also for the creation of weaelth i3
taking fertile the lands which havc
lways lamn arid. IIere, however, is a
roposition not for the creation of
'ealth, for its preservation. 'l'his is i
Ahene not for many local improve
ents like the 70,ti000,1100 pudlic
u1ldings hill or the $70,000,OtO river
id harbor hill, 01 the innumeraile
her hills which we pass for localities,
lt it is at public and henl icent ineasilre
keep for future generations in many
tates and over a large area the produe
ve energies which nature has stored
>r the comfort, the living, and the
appiness of large poplatiols, and foi
he wealth of the whole country.
It difers from all other schemes of
overnmental aid mi another way. ''lu
tdvant.ages derived by the government
rom the improvenent of rivers an(
larhors is incidental and iidirect. 'pI
iam1e is ti te of irrigation, of publi
1xpendit.ures of every kind; but ml thi
)road and beneficent. scheme the gov
u'elcnt piotects its people by entei
ng upon a business ilmpossihle fo
iates or individuals, and which n
inichinery but. thai of the governmen
tan carry on, and which the experienc
if other countries hait demnonstrate
.vill prove a Hource of perpetual re
We have been happy possessors <
uch extensive forest territories tht
we have not yet, like other nation
*elt the poverty of wood. There hi
o, been brought home to us how d
tendent we are upon it for all pu
)080s in our domestic, home, and bus
less life. It'would1 be little short of
lational calamity if we should fee
cutely the loss of our wood. Tin
his will occur, and wood become a
igh as to make it a luxury, is certai
this forest dlenudlation goon on. Froi
lie cottage of t.he poor man an<ot th
0ame adouitbuildinlgs of the farmtl
> the highly polishedl woodls whos
rtistic graililIg ornaments tile palace
ftihe rich, t,his wise provisioni of us
ire is our necessity. We can oi
cep t,hese hlardl woods, which ever'
ear are becoming scarcer andI mor
asi ly, within reasonabille rOeh of tlh
raniands of thle p)eopJe by the govern.
cnt entering upon01 this process of
~ientille forestry. Inistead of this 15f
il-se of hlard-w'od forests being dle.
roved, as they will be in ten years
11e5s measures are taken for their
*eservation, they wouldl under this
home last forever, and yield annual
a harvest for tile uses5 of the p)eople,
few corporations or inudi vioduials may
cumulate In a shoit, timhe large for
lies b)y edlforesti ng, fortuzn es wvhich
ll dIiiapear in a generation or two,
it wise owniersip j, preservation, and
muiniistration by the governmenlt will
ye empjloymlent, prOparty, industries,
dl homes to multitudes for all time.
To sum11 up briefly, then, this is a
irk which only canl be done by the
vernment, of the Uniteod States. It
10uld( be0 done bly the government b)0
use it interests many States and in a
rge way the people of thle whole
ulntry. It pre'serves thle hard-wood
rests anod their product for future
nerat,ions. It keeps upon the hlills
ia mlounttainl sides th1e woodls whlose
Ihlience uplon climate, soil, ando rain
11 is most beneficial t,o a vast terri
ry. It p)revenlts mountain torrenits,
Ilichl will in time, as tile destruction
the forests goes on, turn a large ag
cultural region into aodesert. It con.
~rves for manufact.uring purposes that
aormous water power whlich will be
tilized for a mulititudoe of indutstrics
hlichl will' give employment to thous
11(1 andI add enormously to the wealthl
fthe country. Instead of beinig an
xpense and a drnaini--and it would 1)0
Ie best expenseC whichl t,he goverin
ent coldo make if that was necessary
--it will be one of those beneficern
n1llrovements whichl will slhd bless.
ags everywhere: and at the same time
e self-sustaining anod a source of ever=
-sting revenue to the government,
P'resident U. Stanley Hall, of Clar!
Iniversity, who has~ been Studying thi
Imost total absenice of insanity amon1
Legroes, b)ell3ves thlat it ls due to th
act that tile black race, being newr
, civilizhation, has nos undergone s
nany crucial experiences as the whIte
lest Fever Medicine.
ION'S (UILL and M;Vy1 'ONIC.
nd doo in a single day what slow quf.
ndid cures are in striking contrast to the
vrs IF r CUrizS.
1 For Infants and Children.
The Ktnd You Have Always Bought
Bears the
9 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __h_
Thousands Have Kidney Trouble
and Don't Know it.
Row To Find Out.
Fill a bottle or common glass with your
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set
tling indicates an
o unhealthy condi
tion of the kid
neys; if it stains
your linen it is
evidence of kid
ney trouble; too
frequent desire to
. If . gass it or pain in
the Imck is also
convincing proof that the kidneys and blad
der are out of order.
What to Do.
There is comfort in the knowledge so
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
to hold water and scalding pain in passing
it, or bad effects following use of liquor1
wine or beer, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extra
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highest for its won
derful cures of the most distressing cases.1
If you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggi:.ts in50c, and$1. sizes.
You may have a sample bottle of this
wonderful discovery
and a book that tells
moure about it, both sent
absolutely free by mail,
add ess Dr. Kilmer & rlome of wamp-Rooe. I
Co., Binghamton, N. Y. When writing men-,
tiori sading this generous offer in this paper.)
.. E. Ilo as P (w,;resident.
'I'IME ''AI11. No. 2.
r' AfS)':uliersedtes Timle Table No. 1. E.f.
f ective 12:01 A. M ., Feb. tat., 11101.
t I(valj~l 1141wu, Read Up.
e I,,- 11- S'l'ATIONS. No. 9.
Mimd' . Mixed.
10 11a m1 1. .. .v. v.i. Ar..5 pa
10:45 i ........* erguson'l.........2:45 p m
of 1t1:55 a ...........*P' arsou '.....):i2:3O p m
it I 10 a mit...........*'Arinil'e....'. ....2:25 p nm
1i1:05 a m..........*auhldi's.......; 2:20 p m
11:15 a n........ A r Easley v:......2 :15 1) u
MiSTA'ION. No. 11.
____Dl_ ixed. MZd
.. 4:00 p m ...... Lv. 'ick Ar..... 6:40 p u
4:05 P m........ *Ferguon'........ 6:) p mu
a 4:15 p I..........*asI's.... .6:t. p i
1 :20 p m..........*Ariail's.......... 6:10 p 1n
t 4:25 1 m..........*ui ulrlin'....... :05 p Im
o 4:40 p m.......Ar Easley v. :001) p m
'"lhig Statijon.
a All trins dily except Sunday.
e No. 10 Connects wvith Southern Itailway
r No. 33.
B No 9 (2onnicts with Southerni Railway
* No. 12 (Conniets with 8onthen Railway
- No. 11.
No. I i Connects with Southern Railway
No. 314.
I4&-For any in formation a > ily to
J.. AJ20R,
General Manager.
Opprom AND WORS, NORTH AuouevA, 8. 0
oure, Sash, Blind. and Builder's
All correspondence given prompt at
Why Not Save The
Middle-Man's Profit?
The McP'hail Piano or Kindergarten
Organ direct to the buyer from fac
tory. Write me if you wish to buy an
Organ or Piano, for I can save you
-noney. I travel South Carolina, and
Noul d be pleased to call and show you
my Pianos and Organs. A postal card
will brtng me to you.
Laurens, - - South Carolina
I- W- P ARKKR, Piokens, 8, 0
Greenville. 8. 0.
Ii aynesworth, Parker & Rbinsgon,
A ttornseym-at-L~aw,
Plekens 0. H., -' - South CarolUna
Practice ini all Ceurto. Attend to a
usiness promptly.
17Monov to loan.
JCured in thirty fosixy dy
Tndays treatment ~RE
U1UIIU of all suffering with Dropsy
1 --IIE O0 312-18 Lowndes. Bui4,ing

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