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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, September 04, 1902, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067634/1902-09-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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The South LcndN the Nation In
Fnrmiing Indusitries.
Farmers of the country have moved
South, are moving in that direction
and will continue to move in increas
ing number. Their chance today is
in the South.
Figures covering the past twenty
years, as anialyze(l by the Southern
Farm Magazine, proved it. The ad
vance of the South agriculturally in
comparison with that of the rest of the
country appears in the following per
centages of increase between 1880 and
Population..............43.8 55.5
Number of persons engagod in agricul
ture........ ......6.8 81,1
Value of farm property..72.5 66.7
After deducting the value of pro
ducts fed to stock and the amounts of
money spent for labor and for fertiliz
ers, the proceeds of the farms rep
resented at the close of the twenty years
period, 25 per cent. returned on the
investment in farm property in the
South an(1 14.2 per cent. on the invest
ment in the rest of the country.
These are the conclusions of an elab
orate survey of Southern farm progress
in an article in the September issue of
the Southern Farm Magazine, which
" In the twenty years under review
the value of farm property in the South
Increased from $2,290,364,321 to $3,
951,031,632, or $1,661,267,311, an ad
vance of 72 per cent., and in the whole
country from $12,180,501,538 to $20,
439,001,164, or $8,259,399,026, or 07
per cent. The values of farm products
as given are the value of gross pro
ducts. They include the products fed
to stock. A clearer idea of the relation
of products, or the income of the farms,
to the value of farm properties or the
investment, is to be had by deducting
from the gross value of products not
fed to stock the amount of money
paid for labor and the amount for fer
tilizer, which in manufacturing might
be classed as the free capital. The
remainder, in the absence of figures
for insurance, taxes, etc., may be re
garded as fairly representative of farm
incones, and the proportion that it is
of the value of farm properties may be
regarded as fairly representative of farm
incomes, and the proportion that it is
of the value of farm properties may be
considered the rate of interest on the
" Here the showing made by the
South is emimently satisfactory, on the
whole, for upon its fled investment of
$3,951,031 ,632 it received $988,905,
593, or 25 per cent, while the whole
country on an investment of $20,439,
901,104 received 03,331,300,617, or
16.2 per cent. The percentage in but
one State-Maryland-waa below the
percentage for the whole country, the
District of Columbia hardly being con
siderable in this connection because of
the investment represented by govern
ment properties. The percentages in
other States were as follows: Mississip
pi, 42; Alabama, 41.4; Georgia, 34.6;
Arkansas, 34.5; South Carolina, 33.8;
North Carolina, 29,6; Louisiana, 27.3;
Tenneseee, 24; Florida, 23.9; Texas,
20.4; Kentucky, 20; Virginia, 19.1, and
West Virginia, 16.7. The rank of the
States in net value of products was:
Texas, $190,889,813; Kentucky, $94,
616,675; MississippI, $85,894,304;
Georgia, $79,102,630; Alabama, $74,
3177,969; North Carolina, $09,276,708;
Arkansas, $02,733,020; Virginia, $02,
073,225; Louisiana $54,369,232; South
Carolina, $51,928,852; West Virginia,
$34,101,289; Maryland, $20,719,119;
.Florida, j$13,00,004, and the District
of Columbia, $(;25,937.
" in every one of five typical groups
of States in other parts of the country
the percentage of the investment as
thus estimated is below the average
for the country, and of the nineteen'
State~s in those groups, but four
Maine, witih 19.3 per cent.; Vermont,
16.9; North Dakota, 17.5; and Kansas,
17.3-are above the average, the per
centages for the other States, including
two below u,he lowest percentages in
aby State in the South, being South
Dakota, 16.8; Nebraska, 15.6; Ohio,
15.3; New IIampshire, 15.3; Con
necticut, 15; Rhode Island1, 14.8; In
dIana, 14.7; Missouri, 14.0; Now
York, 14; Massachusetts, 13.7; Now
Jersey, 13.7; Iowa, 13.4; Pennsylvania,
12.p1s and Illinois, 12.
" The value of lands with improve-.
ments increased 67 per cent in the
South and 62 per cent in the whole
country; of implements, 120 per cent
in the South and 84 per cent in the
whole country, and of live stock, 88
per cent, in the South and 95 per cent
in the whole country. Of the total In
creases in values in the South, $1,661,
267,3 11, the increase in the value of
lands, $1,237,240,620, was 74.7 per
cent; live stock, $332,574,735, was 19.9
per cent, and implements, $91,451,
966, was 5.4 per cent, roughly calcul
ated. Of the increase in the whole
country, $8,269,399,026, the increase
im the value of lands, $6,417,660,716,
was 77.6 per cent; of live stock, $1,
498,592,99)6, was 18.2 per cent, and ol
implements, $343,255,915 was 4.2' per
" Gratifying is the exhibit here made.
It reveals the capabilities of the
agricultural South. It is the golderi
side of the shield. But there Is anoth.
er aide. It is really just as golden.
Circumstances, however, for which the
South is not entirely responsible havc
blurregi it andl( redluced Its attractive
ness toemporarily. Upon it Is writter
the story of half-cultivated or neglecte<
" The one to thme proper situation fo
the South Is given in a study of th
value of certain crops per acre. T[hI
total for the country was $14; th
hIghest for the distinctive Souheora
crop was $80 per acre for sugar can
This large average, however, was di
to the exceeding profit in Hawaii, LL
average for sugar cane in Louisian
being $52. The average per acre f<
tobacco was $51, for rice $22, for co
ton $15 and for peanuts $14.
" For general crops, the average pc
acre was $7 for wheat and oats, $8 f<
corn, hay and forage crops, $9 f
barley and llaxeed, $13 for orchar
fruits, $16 for rye, $33 for Irish potn
toes, $36 for sweet potatoes, $54 fo
miscellaneous vegetables, $81 for sma
fruits, $134 for onions and $170 1<
nursery products.
" The South is awakening to the elc
quenco of those figures. It is secur
in the advantage it has in its speci
crops. It has (lemonstratod that it ca
raise crops common to the countr
which bring more money per acre thai
cotton, tobacco, sugar or rice. It re
mains for it to enter into its own.
Woodrow Wilson, who has recentl3
been chosen president of Princetoi
college, is a man of groat tact and con
siderable native wit. A former studen
of that institution tells a story whici
he regards as indicative of the way it
which he will hold the students in
leash by ready wit and a genial smili
instead of trying to awe them with hih
When darkness lent cover to the
project on the evening of the (lay o
which the announcement of Dr. Wil
son's election was made, some of the
more boisterous spirits organized a cel
ebration, and, having requisitioned
horns and a green grocer's stock of
head lettuce, descended upon the new
At the first toot of the horn he knew
what was coming, but before bedlam
could break loose )r. Wilson was out
among the serenaders, grasping each
one by the hand and thanking them
individually and collectively for their
congratulations, pretending not to see
the lettuce heads, which the students
made desperate efforts to keep out of
view and to get rid of.
When the students recovered from
this unexpected overthrow of their
plans some one shouted:
" What's the matter with Woodrow
And the answer came loud and
" He's all right. lIe's a brick."
The students then marched away
singing. " For he's a jolly good fel
low," and carrying their lettuce heads
with them.
Tii1. SJN1o NAVAL Ovr1cEi.
The oldest living officer of the navy is
the most sensitive of any in the service
about his age. He is Rear Admiral
Thoma 0. Sfridge, retired. No one
except the admiral, seemingly, knows
his exact age, and he will not tell,
When he entered the navy it seemi
not to have been the practice to take
the (lay, month and year a midship
man was born, and for that reason the
records made no mention of these
dates. The records show that the ad
miral was burn in Ma,isachusetts and
that he was appointed from that State
January 1, 1818, many years before
the establishment of the naval academy
or the inventicn of rifled guns. Mid
shipmen of his (lay entered young
and, allowing the admiral to have beer
fifteen at that time, hie is now ninet,y.
nine years 01(1. if he lives until nexl
January it is believed lie will turn thu
century mark.
The admiral dislikes to have any ont
mention, his age to him and as far as th<
retiring age is concerned lhe believes i
should be seventy-two rather thai
sixty-two. Washington is his home
where lie has lived since his retire
menit, more thanm thirt,y years ago
His eldest son is Rear Admiral Thomam
0. Selfridge, Jr., now about sixty-sa
years of age. There is another son
comimandler in the navy.
can't always go by ap)pearancea," sain
a prominent hotel keeper as he sat o1
the porch the ot,her night with a fes
choice spirits. "'['here was a fellos
hero a few (lays ago who earned th
reputation of being the meanest ma:
in this sectioni. He was never know:
to spend a cent either on himself o
any one else. A few of the boys d<
cided to make him open up and wen
after him one evening. By dint c
persuasion they succeeded in coaxim
him into the bar, where one of thei
stood treat. The mean man took
cigar and put it into his pocket.
" There were three other fellows i
the crowd besides thme mean man an
each of them treated in turn. Or
friend took a cigar each time and pm
it io his pocket, making him foi
cigars to the good. The boys by vi
rious broad hints and stage whiei
convoyed the idea to treatee that I
was expected to do the honors, as
was now his turn. He smiled, bein
an agreeable sort of a felow, ac
said: " I g(esd, boys, it's up to n
now ; have a smokce," and reaching ii
to his pocket, he produced thme foi
cigars and handed one to each. Thi
*as the limit, and the boys prompt
filed out."
A wheelbarrow with ball bearings h;
been p)ut on the market by an Oh
For Infiants and Children.
The Kind You -Have Always Bougl
B ears the
. BlanadieZof
io Government TIsca Money on
I (ol and1(1 Haer Metalu are
The Boston Heril says: A strange
ir thing about our coining system is that
,r the government loses money in coin
or ing gold, but makes a big profit in
d coining pennies. For instance, in a
- $10 gold piece there is exactly $10 r
r worth of gold and 10 per cent of copper t,
- -put in to harden the precious metal
r ---besides the cost of minting. A
silver piece of money is about half
profit, but the penny pays Uncle Sam
D best of all, as the blanks are purchased r
1 at the rate of $7,300 per million. That
'1 is, the United States government ob
itans for 7 3-10 cents the copper 0
1 blanks, which by the process of stamp- f
- ing are transformed into $1 worth of
What becomes of the millions of
pennies coined each year by the gov
ernment is an unsolved problem. To 1
supply the demand the mint at Phila
delphia must keep on turning out now
pennies at an average rate of 4,000,000
per month. This useful little coin hasitisbenig,ocur,inaopr
its beginning, of course, in a copper
mine. By the procon of emelting the
copper is separated from the iron or
lead or silver in the ore and is bought
by agents, who sell it to a firm in D
Waterbury, Conn., who are under con
tract to supply the government with T
copper blanks-that is, pennies un
stamped. At Waterbury the now S
copper is melted and mixed with tin
and zinc, according to a recipe pro
scribed by the treasury department at v
Washington, and then hardened into W
bricks. These are cut into slices the re
thickness of a cent and the strips are
passed through machines with punches
that work up and down with enormous
pressure and atamp out the little round
disks just the size of a p :my. Those
blanks are put up in strong boxes and
sent by express to the mint at 1'hila- L
delphia, where they are stamped with
the head on one aide and the denomi
nation on the other.
In 177 was coined a New York A
cent. The obverse bears a bust sup- Ti
posed to have been intended for Gen.
Washington in the costume of the
Continental army; encircling it is the
motto, " Non Vi Virtute Vici." The
reverse has the figure of Liberty,
seated on a pedestal, holding in her B
right hand a staff surmounted by a
liberty cap and in her left the scales of
justice. Around the coin are the words
"'Neo Eboracensis," with the date in
the exergue, 17d6.
The Vermont cents were coined for A
four successive years. One variety (.
.as on the obverse an oye with rays W
extending from it, which are divided
by thirteen stars; around the coin are
the words, " Quarta Docima Stella;"
reverse, the sun rising from behind 0
the mountains, a plough in the fore- S
ground, with the legend, " Vermont
Ersium Res Publica," with the date
1785. Another type has on the ob
verse a poorly cut head with the words, R
" Vermont Auctori," on the reverse Jc
" Indo et Lib," with the date 1788, Si:
Another, with the sam legend, reads, W
" Et Lib Inde, 1788.
The Connecticut cents bear date
1785, 1786 and 1787. The obverse has
a heard with the words: " Auctori i
Connec," on thc: reverse a ligure of M
Liberty holding a stasff in one hand
an olive branch ini the other, surround
ed by the motto: " Inde et Lib," and A'
the dlate. There are many varieties of A;
this cent, all of which are very poorly B
executed. Fi
Without date is a cent having on P
one side the motto: " Unanimity is 1R
the Strength of Society," encirciing a
hand hoiding a scroll, on which is in
scribed " Our Cause is Just." 110
verse fifteen stars in the form of a
triangle: oni the stars are indented the C
initials of the several States, Kentucky E
heading the column. This was struck J~
at Lancaster England, in 1791 for cir- ~
culation in America and was called the M
K{entucky cent. Pi
In 1787 the commonwealth of Mas- 'M
sachusetts ordered from its mint a V
I copper coin, having on one side an
r Indian with his bow and arrow, near
3 his forehead a star and aroundl the coini
1 the word " Commonwealth;" on the
1 other side the American eagle, holding
r in his right talon an olive branch, in
the lef t a bunch of arrows, on its breast n
t a shield, on which is inscribed the a
f word " cent " and around the edge of
g the coin "Massachusetts, 1787." IIalf
1 cents of the same type w.ore struck.
a This coinage was continued for two
years, but uponi the adoption of the
1 constitution of the United States,~
d which prohibits the several States
*r from coining dzhoney, the mint was
it abolished. The mint was established 8
r by vote of the Massachusetts Assembly ~
-in 1780, and $70,000 In cents and half
s cents were ordered to be made. Part I
e of tile works and machinery for the ~
it mint was erected at Boston Neck and
gpart in Dedham.
SAfter more than 400 years it appears a
Sthat Cuba has not yet been entirely i
discovered. Much of it and many ofr
i ts treasures are yet unknown, accord.
in lg to the recent report made by Gov
ernor General Wood. lie says that
after the centuries of Spanish oc
acupancy there are large portions of the
oIsland that havre never even b)een
prospected and practically remain un
discovered, so -far as knowledge of what
they contain goes.
Oregon, the voting population of
which was 40,000 In 1880, and is now
100lo,000 has no larger representation
_under the new Congress apportion
mont than under the previous one
-hat Is, two members. Washington
and California each gain ne membe.
A Womnn'H Iden for Cooling (
in a Hot Climate.
A Phoenix gentleman who recent
returned from California relates an i
in cidont that occurred to him that mi
n be of benefit to Phoenix women wi
V. can not go to the coast, but who d
td sire to,avoid the effects of the oxcossi,
e- heat as much as possible. The gentl
1, man in question is an extremely mode
; married man, and it was only an ove
n wholming curiosity that helped him ii
d to the secret about to be imparted.
On the way home he occupied
- seat toward the roar of the coach, an
Y a lady, who also had a ticket ft
- Phoenix, sat opposite him and or
- seat ahead. IIe noticed that the fu
1; thor they traveled the more uneasy th
-" lady become. First she tried fauin
- herself vigorously, but finally gav
'I that up in despair, and resort,ed to hc
d handkerchief, with which she incem
santly mopped her face, removing poi
- spiration, paint, complexion and every
thing olso that was not rooted in th
Just bofore reaching Maricopa th
lady squirmed around a great deal
r looked out of the corner of her eyes t
'" see if anyone was watching (and ther
was, but she didn't know it), thei
il pulling off her shoos, she removed ho
- stockings, turned them inside out aum
put them on again.
By this time the modest Phoeni:
' man was mostly eyes, and what wasn'
eyes was curiosity. lie felt, that h
had to have an explanation of the we
mlanl's conduct, and t,here was nlo on1
who could give it but the woman her
self. lie approached her, therefore
begged her pardon, and said that h<
seldom took the liberty of inquirin
into other people's business. " Ilovi
ever," he continued, "I just witnessed
the lightning change act that you per
formed, and curiosity has prompted mi
to inquire the reason of it."
) The woman blushed a little on (lie
covoring that she had been watched
5 and then said : "You see I am goin
t down to Phoenix, and it is very hc
8 down there' In fact it 1As been gel
h ting hotter every mile for the last thre
5 hours and my feet were literally burn
- ing up, when I lecided that regardlo
7 of conventionality I would have t
turn the hose on them."--u rizon t J
4 publirtn.
7 politicians pride themselves upon thei
memory of faces and incidents in thi
8 lives of those they meet on their tour
in quest of votes. A certain Maiu
Congressman is of this class. II
_ thinks it is through his ability in thi
line that lie has been able to retai
the hold that lie has had for a long tim
2 on his constituents, lie. seldom foi
f gets a man, and whether the visit i
made to his oflico on business relatin
5 to the postmastership in the largei
city in his district or in regard to
0 pension for a poor widow, lie alway ri
5 members the visitor and knows hi
0 when next they meet.
0 It chanced that some little time ag<
- two men, father and son, entered hi
I office to see him in regard to som
business they had with one of the d4
1 partments at Washington. The Mair
0 Congressman was very courteous all
heard them through. Several month
1laiter the younger man called again.
-" Ilow is your father?" was the fIri
7question asked.
" lHe 1s dead(," the young mnn r
'7The sympat,hy exp)ressed b)y tI
'statesmaii was (leep, and( the your
qman wont away believing that, t:
Congressman was a much larger mr
,thaii lie had before regarded him.
Several mont,hs more p)assedl by at
Sthe t,wo againi met, this t,ime at a rai
0 road station. Wishing to show h
0constituent that lie remembered hin:
h le walked up amid saidl:
" Good morning, Mr. B1--. ieo'
is your father today?"
"Still (dead," saidl the coiistituont.
1The Congressmian stammered a fea
wordJs andl madle a hasty retreat.
A NiKmno 1'A'rno'r.-Not,able amor
.the colored heroes of t,he llevolut,i(
15was brave Aust,in Dabney, of Georgi
r, Iis owner cravenly refused to shoul
a flintlock, but the negro offered
o3 nlist and, after some (discussioni, tl
ollicers enrolled him, lie was one
lthe heroic band who faced the chart
of the 71st IIighland regiment
0 lilacketock's farm, and turned th
tocrack troops of ICurope in open fIel
gwith rifle and musket against tl
-bayonet, and at Kett,le Creek Dabn<
at wa swerely wounded. After the w
er lie was pensionedI by the United Stat
egovernment,, and received grants
Ve land from Georgia. For gallant servi
by in the field lie was freed by an act
(the State Legislature, andl his val
er paid from the public funds. (Gratei
nto the whit.e family who nursed h
when wounded, lie earned money
he edlucat,e their eldest son, and w<
with joy when the youth was admiti
to the bar. Riding into Savannah
at hs pension he humbly fell to I
ed =rear of the white men he bore cc
Spany. Governor James Jackson, hi
self the owner of many slaves, a
Dabney, rushed out, shook his cc
panion In arms by the hand, and I
.him lodged in his " quarter," or
re- of houses where the servants Lived.
Ia, There Is a point near the famn
ofStony Cave, in the Catskill mountal
where ice may be found on any day
to I the year. This locality Is locally kuo
a as the Notch, and is walled in on
L'heo ,pldes by steep mountamns, some1
ter. which are more than 1,000 feet hi
4atiIIer and Evans for tl
United States Senate.
The primary election has resulted
second race for Governor betwo(
). C. loyward, of Colloton, and %
asper Talbert, of Edgolleld ; a secot
Cee for the United States Senate b)
Noon A. C. Latimer, of Andorsoi
ud John G. Evans, of Spartanburt
)r Lieutenant Governor betwec
oin T. Sloan, of Richland, at
rank B. Gary, of Abbeville ; for Sc
tary of State between Jesse 'J
anutt, of Spartanburg, and J. Harve
tilson, of Sumtor ; for Adjutant Glei
ral between John D. Frost, of Rici
nd, and J. C. Boyd, of Greonville
or Comptrollor General between (
. Walker, of Greenville, and A. 'I
)nes, of Abbeville ; for Itailroa
ommissionor between W. Boy
vans and B. L. Caughman.
U. X. Gunter, Jr., has been nom
wted for Attorney General ; IR. I
mnnings, of Fairfield, for State Trrea
or ; 0. B. Martin, of Greenvillk
r Superintendent of Education.
Mr. Geo. S. Logaro is nominated fe
)ngress in the First district, ; Got
'. Croft and G. 1). lelliuger rui
er in the Second ; Wyatt Aikou an
r. IR. F. Smith in the Third ; Joe
Johnson nominated in the Fourth
E. Finley in the Fifth ; It. 13
arborough in the Sixth, and A. i
)ver in the Seventh.
The summary of the votes for th
rios oices which is appended here
th is the oilcial declaration of t
liott, . . . 13,65
fans, . . 17,81)
ailphll, . . 13,21;
3nderson, . . . 13,77
hnstone, . . 13,55
timer, . . 22,97
Totel, . . 95,11
(10V EItN011.
asel, . 17,68
ayward, .36,55
IIIbert, . .IM1,21
Ilman, . . . 16,31)
mmeI;rman, . . . 6,5 1
Total, . . . 95,36
ease, . . . 19,27
Iry, . . 35,41;
Un, 39,77
Totui, . . . 14,51
istin, . 22,39
mtit ..34,1:3
ilson . . . . 38,1131
TlOtal .4 . 4,54
inter . . . 51,58
"Vensn . , 43,07
Total . . . 914,65
rooker . . , 18,4Q
nes . . 24,81j
arpe . . . 21,78
alker . . 211,32
Total ..... 9431
eMahman . . . 45,89
artin . . . 48,81
T.LoLal . . . . 94 ,7'
yer . . . . :.9
~ost . . . 3 ,4
itrick . . . 20,0.1
ause . . . :3,81
Total , . . . 95,00
minser . . . 8,9:
mnghmnan . . . . 1 8,41 I
vans . . . 20,1's
pson . . . 7,h7
mnardl . . . . 51
obley . . . 15 ,2'
ilon . .. 10,11
!oling . . . . 7 ,2~
Total . . . . J4 ,5(
Two CAUsEn OF CANUER.--Of 1l
ie ills that flesh is heir to there
one more justly dreaded than cance
painful and1 lingering disease fi
'hich no adequate remnedy has y
een found. IL will be remember<
iat in an address before a Medic
ong(ross a year or so ago King IE
rard of England expressedt the ho
fiat a diligent effort would be ma
a discover some means of checkii
his dreadful malady. Recent inves
ations point to the conclusion th
no of the causes of cancer Is improp
nod and drink. That cancers of ti
ips and mouth are caused by excessi
moking is now a fact established1
he case of Gen. Grant andl others, a1
L has been intimated that canc
aicrobes have been found in certa
lile-smellng foreign cheeses, for whi
omo fashionable people profess
ave a great lhking. So far as t
nalady is traceable to causes like the
he remedy to be applied is simple a
asy, viz, to smoke moderately, if
11, and to let all moldy and docay
.rticles of food alone, no matter
~ourmets pretend to like them.
The final estimate of the wheat el
f India for the season of 1901-2,
oently given out by the statistical
iartment of the government of Ind
~ives the yield as 6,000,000 tons
2,240 pounds.
President Loubet has promised
visit Algeria, which has not seei
chief magristrate since 1865.
visit will probably be piaid next Eas
ir Ieiry Clay'N Correction Am t
the Work He did in a Trial.
ly James Sandusky, who is an old an
n- well-known traveler, and who hus re
ty cently settled in Chicago, while com
to ing in from I'owee valley on the olec
o- tric line yesterday aftornoon, told at
ro interesting story about IIonry Clay
- the great Kentucky statesman. Mr
It Sandusky in his youth lived in Mr,
r- Clay's district during the time when
1- Henry Clay was at his primo as a law.
a "A man was once being tried foi
d murder," sid Mfr. Sandusky, " and
,r his case scemed hopeless, indeed. Ile
e had, without any seeming provocation,
murdered one of his neighbors in cold
o blood. Not a lawyer in the county
g woul touch the caso. It looked bad
e enough to ruin the reputation of any
r barrister.
"The man as a last extremity ap
pealed to Mr. Clay to take the case
for him. Every one thought that
o Clay would certainly refuse. But
when the celebrated lawyer looked in
( to thi matter his lighting blood was
roused, and to the great surpriso of all
he accepted.
4" Then came a trial, the liko of
t which I have never seen. Clay slowly
r carried on the case, and it looked more
and more hopeless. The only ground
of defensO the prisoner had was that
the i(murdered man had looked at him
with such a fieree, murderous look that.
out of self defenso he had struck first.
. A ripple passed through the jury at
this ovidenco.
"The time came for Clay to make
his defentse. It was settled in the
mitmds of the spectators that the mant
was guilty of murder in the first
degree. Clay calmly proceeded, lay
laying all the proofs before them in his
masterly way. Thon, just as h1e was
about to conclude, he played his last
master card.
'' (Jentlemen of the jury,' lhe said,
assumimg the fiercest, blackest look
and carrying the most undying hatred
in it that I have over seen, ' gentle
men, if i man should look at you like
this, what would you do?'
" "That was all he said, but that was
eiough. The jury was startled, and
some cycn quailed in their seats. The
judge moved uneasily on his hench.
After fifteen minutes the jury filed
slowly back with a ' Not guilty, your
honor.' The victory was complete.
" When Clay was congratulated on
r his easy victory, he said :
" 'It was not as easy as ) ou think.
I spent (lays and days in my room b).
o fore tiho mirror practicing that look.
e It took more hard work to give that
a look than to investigate the most ob
t scuro case.' "--Louisville Courier
e Journal.
IL.LrrrtnACY AMMONc Vo-runs.-'i'ho
g census olico has issued i preliminary
report on illiteracy among men of vot
ing age in city and country districts in
the census year 1900. The report int
a cludes under the term " illiterate "
those who can neither read nor write
', and also a small number who can read,
a but cannot write. In the United States
0 ' IL whole, excluding Alaska and Ila
- waii, the mal piopulation at least 21
c years of ago and living in cities hay
d ing at least 25,000 inhabitant,s was 5,
's 885,(4h, of whom 330,223~:, or G per
cent,. were rep)ortedl as " illiterate."
it In the rest of the country the numb~er
of men of voting age was 15,24,55,
& of whomn I,94I ,247, or 131 per coat.
were reported as illit.erate. TLhese
1o figures indicate that, illiteracy among
g ad(ult males is loss than half as prova
0 lent inl the large cities as it, is ini tie
h rest of the UJnited State. he dif
ference, the report, sa, is duo largoly
d to the fact that t,he urbain p)opuilati(in
I- of the counitry is massed in the North
Seorn and Western Stat,es and illiteracy
, is less frequent, there than in other
parts of the country.
V The report says :
" As the dlifference between tihe
large cities and the rest of the country
V in the Northern States is affected l)y
the presence In the cities of large
numb)ers of illhterate immigrant.s, so in
the Southern Stat,es the same dif
gference may be affect.ed b)y the pre
nseiice of the negro population.
a. Among the native whites the dif
r foene between the population of
LOlarge cit,ies in the Nort.h and ini t.h
0 South in the matter of illiteracy are
comparatively slight, but in the small
Sor cities and rural districts of tho
tSouth a considerable per cent, of the
Sadult populat,ion have not acquired thme
elements of book education."
ar A leading merchant in a .Southern
es city, speaking of his cust.omers and
of the classes into which lie divides thenm,
cc says thlat inl thle best class lie plauces
of tile women teachers, and teachers in
uo the public schools are the best among
uil them. Not that they spend the most,
im for most of them are careful in their
to expendit,ures; but they know what
pt t,hey want and get it without uselesu
ed parley, giving the least possible trouble,
to The womlan teacher buys what she is
he able to pay for and is prompt in paying
m- her bills; and bemng straightforwart
m- and to the p)oint hlerself, there is n<
sw temptation in hecr presence to deceive
mn- to overstate, to understaAo, 01 to Sal
iad anythinig diferent from the facts.
ow ThIe largest tree in the world is sal
to have recently been discovered i1
Africa in the region of the Uppe
)mi Nianza. Its height is said to be hal
ns again that of the tallest trees mn Cal
m' fornia, anid its thickness double thi
nof the largest giant redwoods.
all Seventy-eight profit-sharing scheme
of affecting 53,520 work people, were
th openrat.ion laat yar in this con.
Mr. J. T. Gantt, who is a candidate
a for the promotion to the office of See
rotary of State, deserves to succeed in
this election, and doubtless will be
. elected, because of the excellent record
he has made (luring a four years' in
cumbency as assistant Secretary of
Mr. Gantt has been at all times faith
ful and efficient, always at his post of
duty, and over willing and ready to go,
if need be, beyond his duty, to serve
those having business with this im
portant oflice.
Ie has systematized and improved the
records, opened new records and in
dicos, and adopted the most approved
lusmess methods in this work. His
four years' experience in the office has
qualifled him to carry on the work
without hitch or hindrance, and to
poimt out needed changes and amend
ments to the corporation law of the
State, the enforcement of much of
which devolves upon this office. As a
result of his work the receipts of the
oflice have increased ten-fold-over
forty thousand dollars having been
turned into the treasury to reduce the
burden of taxation last year.
That work in which Mr. Gantt takes
most pride, however, and for which he
is best known, is the attention ho has
attracted to the valuable records of the
State, ai the steps to preserve them,
for which he is responsible. Realiz
ing this fact, the State commission re
qjuested him to prepare an exhibit for
the Charleston Exposition, and the
splendid display in the State building
resulted. The exhibit was secured by
Mr. Gaantt largely from rubbish in the
Stato IIouse.
It is upon this record that Mr. Gantt
asks the votes of the people and he de
serves election.-Dorchester Democrat.
.John Tanson, the joiner who did odd
jobs in a Scotland village, was em
ployed by a schoolmaster to do some
repairng. The worthy pedagogue
himself was suporintending the opera
tions, whilo John gayly whistled
whistled " Yankee Doodle," and kept
timo to the tuno with the plane.
" I say, John," says the school
master, " if ye maun whustle, can ye
no whuadio t% iiair Godly tune than
" Very wool, dominie," rpturned
the joiner, and lie slowly moved his
plane up and down to the mournful
strams of " Old Ilundred."
The domini watched him in silence
for a few minutes and then in a gentler
tone whisperkd:
" I say, John, did the guidwife hire
ye by the (lay or the job?"
John slowly finished the verse he
was whistling, then he laid down his
plano and replied:
By the day, of course."
" Gin that's the case then I'm think
ing ye had better stort 'Yankee Doodle'
An effort is being mado in Sweden
to use electricity in agiiculture. A
seed field is covered by a network of
wire, anid a strong eloectric current is
turned on during nights and chilly
days, but cut of during sunny and
wamm Weather.
The.Woi 'ms Greatest.
Cre'for Dlafaria - X
n i ne Johnua*- Chl a.n avy
ronik , A ttin t, o naal'gpIoison-.
t,lo',,.l ns.iuoi uixa trc an
Malaunri puoilning. Thme antkiot*
tsts 50 Cents If it gut'as.J
h. W. -IPAIIIKn, Pickens, S. 0
(Groonvillo, 8. U.
II ayneswor'th,PIar'ker' & Rbinson,
Al iv3orey8-at-Ldaw,
Pickenalt U. H., - - South Carolina
I'raetico In all Courts. Attend to a
tE,"Monov to loan.
Attorney at Law.
PickensB. S. O,
Practico in all theCourts.
Office over Earle's DrugStore
Greenville, S. C.
Office over Add isons Drug Store,
'Contractor and Builder
PiFekens, S. V.
Attorney at Law,
~113 West Conrt St. GREENVU&EU, 8. U
l Practice in all the courts, State and

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