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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, September 25, 1902, Image 1

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Interestinl;g nndit Importnt Sug
gestions Fromi Onte Who has
Studlied the Subject.
Col. John II. Averill, of Charleston,
who had much to (o with inaugurating
the Exposition in his own city, has
made such matters a study for many
years, and.has given sonme thought in
regard to South Carolina making a
creditable exhibit at the World's Fair
next year in St. Louis. Col. Averill
has written the following letter to Gov
ernor McSweeney, and what he has to
say on the subject is timely and well
worth considering. The Governor
would like to have other suggestions
on this line, as he will probably bring
the matter to the attention of the
Legislature. Col. Averill writes as
follows :
SA .UnA, N. C., September 15.
lion. M. B. McSweeney, Governor
of South Carolina-Dear Governor:
Your letter of the 5th received, and as
you say you would be glad to hear
fro n me at any time in regard to
South Carolina's representation at St.
Louis, I present the following views
on the subject for your consideration
and such use as you may see fit to
make of them.
The Charleston Exposition, as it is
generally called, unquestionably did
much to bring the industries, resources
and possibilities of the State to the at
tention of the people of the country,
and especially so through the exhibits
made by Spartanburg, Darlington,
Chester, Georgetown and the State
cominmiasion, as well as by other coun
ties. I am advised that already many
inquiries are being maile from beyond
the State as a result. The good work
thus started can and should be follow
ed up and on a broader field. This
field is offered at St. Louis. It will,
in my opinion, benefit every citizen of
the State to urge on the members of
the Legislature, at its next session, to
make such an appropriation as to allow
your commission to,have the State rep
resented as it should be.
The reports of the United States
census department for 1900 show that
while the State is oiahth in the list of
Southern States in the increase of
manufactures, values -of farms and
thoir products, it is also shown that
the increase in the last twenty years
is no inconsiderable one. The State
should, however, take a more promi
neut position in the list and it can do
The industries and resources as ex
hibited through your commission at
Charleston were a revelation to all
visitors. It can truly be said that it was
the State's first attempt. Other South
ern States have hold expositions, as well
as made exhibits, and the consensus of
opinion is that they do a large amount
of good to all interested. The State
should, in my opinion, take a promi
nent position at the World's Fair, and
for this reason I wrote my previous
letter advocating representation there
on the 30th, and would urge that every
invitation of like nature be accepted
by you and, where you cannot attend
in person, that the State be represent
ed. It places you or your representa
tive in touch with not only all the of
ficials of the Fair, but with the rep
resentatives of all et.her States, and
this, in the end, will be found to be of
incalculable beneit,.
IIow shall the State be represented
is, however, the question I started out
to discuss:
First, of course, b)y a credit,able dis
play of its industries, resources, and
possibilities. Taking first the in
dlustries, of what (10 they principally
consist ? The report of the twelfth
census, 1900, gives the following:
jotton Goo0d-If the factories could
be interested in makmng an exhibit of
the manufacture of cotton, in all its
phiases, it would attract-more attention
t,han all else. I had planned an ela
borate exhibit on this line at Charles
ton, but in my absance the directors
closedl an agreement with Mr. Tomp
kins, and then, failing to carry out
their part of the contract, the cotton
display was a total failure. I believe
that by taking the matter up with them
in time and on a well-defined plan that
it can be worked.
Fertilizers, Gotton Seed Oil and its
Pr'odumcts .-These industries, which
represent so much for the State, are
p)ract,ically all in the control of the
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company.
They are, however, I believe, ready to
make an exhibit, and I am of the
opinion that a very thorough andl com
prehensive one could be obtained with
out cost to the State, and one that
wouldl be of great interest.
CJarriages and Wagons .-T here are
some first-class factories in the St,ate
that would, no doubt, exhibit, and as
there are iu the mountains and swamps
of the State vast quantities of timber
suitable for this use, special efforts
shiouldl be made looking to a creditable
- (Jooperage.- We have some good
barrel factories that now sell their pro
duct, in many States. Our swamps
abound in the material for their manu
facture and I believe it is an industry
that can be developed.
Fruits, Vegetables, Camming and
P'reservingj.-The census report under
this heading says: - " The hermetic
sealing of food, usually referred to as
'canning,' is an mndustry which has
grown to be an important factor in the
commercial and industrial develop
ment of the United States. It has
Nlong since passed the e:sperimental
stage and has taken its place among
the-leading industries of the country.
.Eighty-two mIllion dollars is given as
the valute of.the product in the United
States, for 1900, South Carolina's pi
portion being comparatively smm
when its resources in this line a
considered. A strong effort should I
made on this line, showing the t
sources and possibilities.
Lumber and 'imber 1roducts..
While it is true that vast amounts
the timber of the State have be
slaughterer cannot be denied th;
there are .ui, many valuable tracts i
good merchantable timber in varioi
parts of the State. We have mar
saw and planing mills, as well as oth(
wood-working industrios, and 1 belies
in this line we could make an oxhib
that would do good and at small coi
to the State. My proposition woul
be to construct a building entirely from
South Carolina woods. I behev
everything necessary would be coi
tributed, and the only expense to th
commission would be the cost of ere(
tion. Cincinnati erected a very credil
able building at the Charleston E,
position at a total cost of $4,500, an
paid for all the materials and cost c
erection, except the mantels, whic
were contributed by a Cincinnat
Stone Work.-Tho granite induf
tries of the State are as yet in their in
fancy. There is great wealth lyin
dormant in this line, only awaitin;
capital for its development. A credil
able display can and should be made
Afineral Waters.--Tho miners
waters of the State are beginning t
take rank through the country, and
have little doubt but that the Whit
Stone, Harris and Glenn Springs com
panies would make a large display.
Clays.-South Carolina can make at
exhibit of various kinds of clays tha
will not fail to attract investors. Ther
are many rich deposits yet undevelop
ed in various parts of the State. 1
good display should result in the estab
lishment of new industries in many
parts of the State.
Rice Clcan cum and1 Polishiny.-Th
census report on this head says: " Ric
cleaning and polishing, being of com
paratively recent development con
mercially, was not reported at and
census prior to 1880. Since that timI
the growth of this industry has beet
noteworthy, the number of establish
ments having increased from 22 ii
1880 to 80 in 1900." South Carolin
stands second on the list and showi
an increased production in 1900 ovei
1890 of seventeen million pounds. A
most creditable exhibit was made ai
Uharleston; a much better one can b(
made at St. Louis.
Oysters and Fish canning and Pro.
serving-This is an industry that ham
been greatly neglected in South Caro
lina. It is one that can be made larg<
and profitable. The supply is in thi
waters of the State, notably betweer
Georgetown and Port Royal. George
town and Beaufort have canneries tha
are doing good business. If this mat
ter is properly taken up and a credit
able display made it will bear goo<
Wood Pulp.-I believe there is ono
factory in the eastern part of the Stat4
that is doing well; the materia
Other Indust ries.-There are varioul
other industries in the State not enu
merated that can make creditable ex
As to the resources of the State
the products of the fields should re
ceive most careful attention. We cam
make an exhibit of cotton, rice, corn
wheat, oats, toba~cco and others tha
cannot fail to attract marked attention
Trho trucking fields should also have
prominent place in the exhibit. Ref
erence has already been made to th<
products of the forests and mines.
I think that a carefully prepare,
map of the State, showing rail lines
towns and cit'es, waterways, count;
and township lines, cotton, timber and
other sections, would very materiall;
aid the exhibit.
Ilow is this work to be carried on
I advance the following suggestione
If the present commissioners are t
remain in oflce let the chairman ca
them together some time before th
meeting of thme Legislature and decid
on the plans and scope of the exhiib
to be made at St. Louis, with estima
ed cost of same, and ask for such a
appropriation as is thought necessar'
The commission will then be in a pos
tion to act if the appropriation
granted. If a total of $10,000 can 1
obtained from the State it can, I b
lieve, be supplemented by $5,000 frol
Charleston, and others that will cot
tribute, and this lamount wilt- ei
able you to make the exhibit a credi
able one.
Governor, I have written this papP
rather hastily andl have had to hand
the machine myself, so you must e:
cuse crrors of all kinds. Read it
you have time, and if you think well
It and would like to have it elaborati
in any way, drop me a line and I w
be pleased to do so, or if at any tin
you would like a personal interview<
the subject, advise me and I will con
down to Columbia. Yours truly,
The decline of the trees on Bost<
Common is now attributed to ti
clearing of vegetation at their bast
This practice leads to rapid evapt
atlon of needed moisture and lesse
the fertility of the soil.
For Infianto and Children.
The Klna Vou Have Always Doug
Der he
He Declines to Make Race for
A Congress as 1an Exponent of
' arifl Reform.
)f Speaker Honderson, finding that his
1a views in respect to the treatment of
Y trusts by reducing the tariff in whole or
r in part are not in accord with the vieve
0 of many of his party in Iowa, has do
it clined to accept the nomination for
it Congress and has withdrawn from the
I race. The following letter was ad
a dressed to C. E. Albrook, chairman of
e the notification committee, Eldorado,
Iowa, by Mr. Ienderson:
e ( My Dear Sir: I have never an
swored the kmnd notice communicated t
by you and your associates, advising (
me of my nomination for the eleventh f
i time by acclamation as the lRepublican t
f candidate for Congress of the 3d Con
i gressional district of Iowa. Reported f
.i conditions in the public mind in my 8
district, upon public policies induced c
moe to make this delay. Since my re- 1
. turn to the district I have made a care- I
ful study as to the sentiment in the
district and State, and I believe there
is no little sentiment and a growing
sentiment among Republicans that It
do not truly represent their views on
the tariff question. Believing this
condition to exist, and knowing that I
do not agree with many of my people
. tnat trusts, to which I am and have
been opposed, can be cured or the
people benefited by free trade in whole
or in part, I must decline to accept
the nomination so generously and en
thusiastically made. I have devoted
twenty of the best years of my life to
the service of my people and my coun
try, and I have fought for what I be
lieved to be best for the farmer, the
laborer and the business interests of
this district and State. I am grateful
for the devotion that has ever been ac- V
corded me, and to the hour of my
1death I will hold in a grateful heart
the memory of that devotion. I will
give later on, in some detail, my views
and convictions on our conditions and
on public questions, and will state my c'
reasons why the Republican part) aid
its policies should continue in the con
lidence of the voters of the United
States, and why the doctrines of the
Democracy should find no lodgment in
the faith and teachings of the topubli
can party. tt
" D. 13. IIENDERtsON."
Speaker Henderson announced his a
withdrawal after a conference of
several hours' duration with Chairman N
Glasser, of the Congressional con
nmittee, and friends. Speaker Hender
son has been contemplating this action .I
for two weeks, but had intimatod
nothing of it to friends. his friends d
- have implored him not to take the ac- E
- tion,.but to no avail. IIe said lie had c
l made up his mind and no argument t1
could cause him to change his decision. r
When asked for his reasons he said: t
" My letter to Chairman Albrook is g
I the whole thing in a nut shell. You e
cannot kill the trusts by applying free i
1 trade without killing our own indus- r
- tries. The foreign trusts are fighting f
the American trusts an I (o not be
lieve that for the purpose of control- 1
liug American trusts we should make a
market for foreign trusts, thereby 2
crushing out tile industries of this
country. After my conference last t
Saturday at Waterloo, hearing the
views of the chairman of my district,
i I concluded thlat my views on tihe tariff
- quest,ioni were at variance with thIose
of maiiy of my party and 1 dhid not de
sire to appear in a false p)osition."
1Speaker HIendlersoni has given out an
,address, which states his views on t.he
, tarifi aind trust questions, and because
ithese views, in his opinion, are iiot, in
,accord with the St,ate platform and
with the opinions of prominent mem
bers of his p)art,y, he declined to accept
.tihe nominlation.
" For three years I have advocated.
1giving control of trusts to Congress.
In niy judgmenit proper supervision
can never be hadi until Congress has
Spower to control them. I am glad t.o
see from speeches made by our fearless
aind upright Chief Executive that lie is
advocating Federal control over these
corporations, and while in some qjuar
itoe they may sneer at it, I have not
seen aiiy proposition yet except this
that seems at, all likely to bring relief.
No proposit,ion has ever been mlade by
the Democrats except to put every thing
on the *roe list andl to give the coun
~try free trade. In other words, they
propose to kill the child dead in ordler
rto secure it. In my opinion If comn
ebines could be regulated and( controlled
we would have very little ground for
if changes i the tariff laws, For my
Spart if any great interest in this coun
id try is properous through protective
lpolicies or any other legislation and is
a using it,s advantages, growth and p)ros
mn perity to plunider the American people,
le I, for one, am ready to strike it by
whatever in3gal means we may be able
to adopt, providing that in so dloing
we do not hurt Innocent interests. I
have been more amused than hurt at
>n the suggestions that I have been
10 agaInst any changes in thle t,ariff. I
'a. have never been op)posed to making
r- needed changes andl I anm not now. I
na must say, and emphatically, that 1 (do
not believe that a single schiedule of
the Dilngley tariff law can be so amnendl
ed as to relieve the people from tihe
oppression of trusts or combinations
of capital, however namedh, and( that
such act,ion may involve the retarding
of our expanding commerce and getting
ht and holdilng our foreign markets.
Indeed, I believe such a p)lan to be
"fraught with grav:. dhangers to the
gpeople. I am a firm believer im reci
procity. I worked with untirin ea
to secure reciprocal arrangements bi
t een Cuba and this country, and
was successful in passing it throus
the House. The Senate did not act o
the bill, because consiBla. of
would have periitted the opening ul
uf the whole question of tariff rev:
" While I cannot speak for the pro;
Liects of favorable action upon bill
;ent to the Senate, I still hope and bc
live that by a treaty the same resul
nay be accolplhshed, and I have it
loubt that President Roosevelt is uov
vorking on the question of a treat,
vith Cuba, to give that strugglin,
roung republic needed help, a help
.00, in which while they will be gain
rs, we will not be losers. And nov
et me say, and let there be no misun
lerataiding as to my position, 1 be
ieve in protection that will protec
lhe hand of labor, the wheels of in
lustry, of every farmer and miner
nd I am against wicked corporation
hat would trample on the right of th<
cople to fair play and to the fruits of
tonest efforts. I am against unneces
ary legislation that would throw my
ountry into panic and bring back th<
orrors beqeathed to us by t he la-si
)emocratic administration."
'Thlie dispatch announcing Speakei
Lenderson's declination of the Coi.
ressional nomination caused a sensa
on in Washington. Very few public
ion are in Washington at this time
ut all have expressed regret that the
peaker has determined on the coursc
tnounced in the D)ubuque dispatch.
'he causes leading up to his decision
re as much a cause of comnkent an
ie refusal to stand for re-election.
louse men acknowledge there is a
cmalnd inl sections of the West and
[orthwest for a revision of the tarill
long certain lines, notably in the
ises of articles whose manufacture is
>ntrolled by the trusts. Their opin.
mi is that (ion. llenderson's decision
'ill make this issue more acute. The
peaker always has been a straightout
Cpublican on tariff matters and at
he last session of Congress the gen.
ral understainig was that lie oppos d
,e sn-gestions advanced for tariff re
isiot along certaini lines on articles
mntrt:lk-d by- the :rUSt..
ec retarv Wilson, of the agricultural
nliau tmhient, who comes from Iown,
as thundcrstruck when lhe hoard of
en. lend(eson's decision. Ile ex
rmesse( great regret that the Speaker
as determiined on the course an
Vlhy lie Cannot Accept Soithi
Carolina College 'rei<lcicy.
he 8tate, Sep t. 1
Ion. C. A. Woods, of Marion, hat
eclined to accept the presidency of th(
outh Carolina College, recently tender
d him in so flattering a manner. Thi
unounceinent will be received witl
egret by friends of the institutioi
hroughout South Carolina. The ver
round that Mr. Woods takes for de
lining the offer shows that the Stat(
i a loser in failing to secure such t
an as the head of one of her mos
amous institutions.
On Tuesday the committee from thi
oard of trustees, consisting of Mr. Me
lahaan and Mr. Mac,arland, went t<
4arion andl waited upon Mr. Woods
4r. McMahan ret,urned to the city yes
erdlay bringing wit,h him Mr. Woods
elinat,ion, a copy of which was nic
,vailable until afternoon. The comn
nttee talked over the matter full
vit,h Mr. Woods and was earnest ini it
mdeavor t,o piersuade him, but lie stoo
>n high ground, and could not bie mnoi
IIere is the letter of dleclination:;
MAION, 8. 0. Sep)t. 10, 1902.
Ion. Miles B. McSweency, Govoriior
Chairman, and &.wentlmena of t,h
Board of Trustees of the South Caro
lina College:
The great honor you have con ferrc<
ii electing me to the presidIency of thn
iouth Carolina College has touchect
nie dleeply, andi it is quit.e impossibli
or me to express may p)rofoundi( appre
iation. 1I, is a poet, of dluty t,hat hal
een held by the mon~m illust,rious men
nUd arounid it cluster the noble tradli
ions of the past andl the bright hopel
f the future. Surely I never coult
iave thought of myself in connectioi
sivih the oflice, liut your (deliberati
judgment,, teinforced, as it has been
iy generous expressions of approve
rrom other citizens, whose opmiion
ire entit,led to great consideration, ha
given me much concern lest, I shoul
rail to see miy duty clearly. To th
right nian there is no station in tht
St,at,o of greater op)portuniit,y for use(
fulness, and( none where successful el
fort could brmng more joy. I hay
triedl to think you aice right, in regard~
ing me equal to this opportunity, bi
then, after t,he most careful considere
tion of t,he earnest, and strong preser
tation of your views by your dist,it
guished committ,ee, I cannot bring in
self to the convict,ion that I coul
reasonably explect, to win success.
am untrained in educational mnatteri
and without that insight and acquaini
ance with the science of edlucatio
requisite fo! the position. The habc
of my life has been in another fleh
and I am uiiable to resiat the conch
sion that t,o make this change no
would be at too great p)eril to the co
The confidence expressedh by yet
board, I earnestly trust, will stimulal
me to strive for greater usefulness as
citizen. Very siacerely,
(I. A. Woons.
Twent,y-flve prominent citizens
Kosciusko, Miss., have been indict<
for murder for lynching negroe.
n Sketc1hcs of the New Men Wh11o
Are To Represent this State.
'I'he Columbia State gives the follow
ing interesting information regarding
South Carolina's delegation in the next
Congress :
South Carolina will be represented
t by four Congressmen re-elected-- one
w,thout opposition- -and by threo new
muembers of the national house. Mr.
Scarborough, the stalwart prince of
Iorry, had no opposition; Mr. Finley
defeated in the first primary throe
very popular opponents; Joe John
son's majority in the Fourth district
overwhelmed Stmiyarne Wilson; and1
Lover had a walkover in the Seventh
It was in the First, Second and
Third districts that there were inter
esting races. These districts had bcon
represented respectively by Messrs.
Elliott, Talbert and Latinier, and each
became a candidate for other honors.
Mr. Latimer was the only one who was
In the First :listrict Mr. Geo. S.
Lcgare succeeded Col. Elliott, defont
ing Mr. T. W. Bacot, a law partner
of tho distinguished historian, Gen.
Edward McCrady, and himself a well
known legislator, being chairman of
the house judiciary committee eon
when that body was composed in great
part of gentlemen of opposite faction. t
Mr. Geo. W. Croft defeated two
very strong men for Col. Talbert's
seat. One of these was Mr. J. Win. I
Thurmond, solicitor of the Fourth
judicial circuit for six years past. The I
other was Mr. G. Duncan liellinger,
the retiring attorney general, a manl of
incomparable nerve, the hero of the 1
" .lroxton B ridge " trial, where as
solicitor he prosecuted white men for
disgraceful conduct ; and the leader in
this State in the light against the
trusts. Mr. llelinger's friends say
that the trusts spent thousands of dol
lars to defeat him. His own loss is i
Columbia's gaim, as he will locate here c
as a practitioner of law. Mr. Bellin. I
ger is a descendant of Edward llellin- 1
ger, one of the '' landgravos" of South I
Mr. Aiken defeated Mr. W. J.
Stribling, one of Oconee's foremost
and strongest men ; Dr. It. F. Smith,
who is a political power in 'ickens
County amid the Eighth judicial cir
cuit ; Mr. Geo. E. I'rinco, who has rep
resented Auderson County in the
Legislature and the constitutional con
vention; Mr. E. M. Itucker, an An
derson legislator; Senator McCalla, of t
Abbeville County. -
Geo. S. Legare is the new represen
tative from the First district----Char.
leston, Colleton, Ciarendun and W il
liamsburg counties, lie is quite a
young man, not yet 35, and a graduate
of the South Carolina College. lie is
now corporation counsel, or city at
torney, of Charleston and is extreme
ly popular thero. iIe is also captain
of the naval reserves of Charleston
and an enthusiastic devotee of fleld
Col. George William Croft was born
in Newberry County in 184. lis
mother's maiden name was D'Oyley.
His paternal ancestry, ltevoluf io 'ry
stock, came from Virginia. Col.
Croft's grandfathei was Edward Croft,
who made a fort.une in Charleston in
law p)ractice, removed t,o Greenville
and t,here died in 1851. Ilia wife was
t Miss Floride (Gailard, sister of .Johni
.Gaillar2, United St,ates Senator fronm
this Stat.e for many years. Col. Croft's
a father was Dr. Theodore Croft,, of
. The Congressman-elect, was edlucat
ed in the schools of Greenville and at
t,he Citadel. lie took p)art in the war
during t,he last, year, and in 18(16 and
1867 attended the University of Vir.
ginia. iIe stuiedO( law in the office of
G ov. Perry. In 1870 located in Aiken.
From, 1876 to 1882 was chairman of
the D)emocratic p)art,y of that county.
Was captain ot a company during the
elect,ion riots in 1876; t,riedh and ac
quit,tedl before the Federal court,.
Member of General Assembly in 1882
84 and( again 190O0-1902. President, of
the legal frat,ernity of South Carolina
and a p)rominent, Mason. Was a mom
ber of the staff of Gov. Ilugh S.
Wyatt, Aiken is 412 years of ago. iIe
i, a son of the late D). Wyatt Aiken,
who represented this district, in Coni
gross for a dlecade and was one of the
most honored men in Sout,h Carolina.
Wyatt Aiken, tbe younger, is a law
yer, but, has not practiced extensively.
iIe is better known as the court st,eno
Sgraphor of the Eighth judicial circuit,,
In this capacity he has made valuable
friends, for the Eighth circuit corres
p londs in lainge measure to the Third
SCongressional (district.
tMr. Aiken has another reason for
his popularit, lie enlisted as a pri
vate in the Abboville volunteers when
this country declared war against,
SSpain. iIe was made secretary to
1Col. Alston, and subsequently was
Icomimissionedi adjutant of the Third
battalion with rank of first lieutenant.
'The qluartermaster, Capt. Jarnegan,
;being on sick furlough, Lieut. Aiken
r was detailed in charge of this depart-.
ment, for the greater part of the time
the regiment was out. As there wer e
three companies from his district,
-these young inen contributed a great
working force for Mr. Aiken, whose
character was unassailable.
Mr. Alken never sought, oilice and(
a never made a speech before the CJon
gressional campaign opened at D)on
rids. lie defeat.ed a Senator and1( an
ex-Senator from his own county, two
distinguished legislators from Ander
f son county, a well known citizen of
id P'ickons County (who was in the se
o nd rae), a nd the foremost main of
Oconce in public life. Mr. Aiken is
man of splendid physi<iue and charn
ing persoiality. HIis capabiities as
legislator or arn advocate are as yet ur
Ile IMailce a RUingintg Sp Cecl :t
Support of Tont Johnson an
D)iNscumme Tariff.
Mir. Wilhiam .1. I ryan addressed at
tudiencu of four thousand people i
1_'oledo, Ohio, in the tent, used b3
1layor .Jolinson, of Cleveland, for mak
ng his speeches (uring the fall cam
iugn. Mr. .lohnson im his t-pooch
ipoke of Mr. Iryati as " the dis
,itguislied orator and peerless I )emo
.ratic to: der."
MIr. ic3al w.sn r(ceive-d vith tumnul
,uous applause whela he was introdue
.it by the chairn:ui. Ile nmule ail
ies for. the condition of his Noice, ant1
aid that but for the inlteresL in the
:anaiit inm Ohio and the flet ll-it lie
vould not be able to return to the
state at a later date inl the en.upaignl
l w oniu not have bmen prosent. lie
aid that ill every heart thk ,re is a
en:t off human justice, and h. ; eliev
:d the appeals of Mlr. Bligelow an-"1 Mir.
Iohnison, who had preceded him, wouh
)c heeded. 11e said he wonlered if
here was at laboring 1111111 in the cAy
mnd State who wouldd not vutt Lt
)emocratic ticket oil account of thw
ax reforms promised in the platform
if the D)emocratic party. If the labor
ng man1 refuses to give his vote to thl
arty that believed inl the just taxation
if the millionaire he is not11 capable of
rotucting the interests of hiis family.
he workingmtai m1ust protect Iis
wOle. and family through hik Vote 1a1nd
l1 inlluence.
Speaking of '1'oni ,lolnsl I r. i3ryaul
" llow furtutnate it is for this St,ate
have man like Mir. .llh isonl, will)
50) stron1g, HO Courageous, and% who
as the ability to carry on this battle
gaItint orgianizedIll weaILh, 111d Who can1
hallenge theim on every plitform as
o lats tonight. If we had such men
a he inl every State within live years
Iutocracy would be driven into the
Utlant,ic: Ocean."
Mir. IBryan recalled Ue light of Nir.
lohuson in Congress toln years a4
vhen he o courageously lought the
epresentativea of the Steel 'liist,
vhen he htimsolf was at steel nulu
actu "r, andl it, would have been to hi,{
Iwui ic..,orest to have had at tarilf phaaceiI
in steel which wouli have perlnitld
imu to take a uich greater prolit
han he was making, yet Mir. .J1hns1on
Leod by the people and by his ctin..
titetlals aill uglit, the steel miagnlates
gamst. his owin interest. 1 1 twe 11141
uore men," said MI r. I;ryan, " Wo114)
vould cuit milkig mtoney inl middle
ife, anl devute their time 1.o theI het
erment, of their fellow men, this
:nunItry Would ie c"onsHileral"y l)et,Ler
"They say you are incapahle of homec
-utle here in Ohio, and if you have a
>it of American mnanlbood about you
1ou will resent the intsult. I believe,
10 said, "that, the citieH should own
und operate all franchises," .ail hie
,houglt people should be pormitted to
:.xpress thems.lves ablit these fran
ahiiHeH. lit: waas sorry MIr. Ilaa.nat hadl
lvocated thI perpetual franchises, fm
he thought lie haud 'ins enIouigh to a1,
cotut, for.
Ini discutssing natitonl politica M I
lBryan sid that, if lie had11 been3 electe<
he woubt1( have 1)ut st.ripes on t.he mil
hliires, who rolb the peopleC by ullawi
ful combllinIat,ions, and that, the trust
could not have dictated the appo0int
menit, of an Alt,orney General, an
they could ntot, have run the Attor'ne
G;enerail. T1hie Pres'idenit, 81111oul
p)rosecutlg t,he trusts inisteaid of tail
ing his spealkinlg toutrs. TVhero waV ;
time whten Mr. ilaunna sai t,bore wori
no0 trutS, buht, n1Ow. all admtit,ted 11ha
there were trusts. WVe have inajunc
ions pending against, one of t,hem
But if t.hat, was 8som1( mani who lhm
violaltedl the laws b)y selling whiskey
hte dleclare'd, lhe woutld be4 birouight tc
justice and14 locked upj, and14 if it, wouhl
have been necessary to 001nd the ent,irt
militia after himi. Th'le lepublicam~
had amendedll4M the ~ommandmen4t1131t ihius
Thou shailt not1 stea1 01n a sma14l
scal14." Th'Ie crimlinail prtovisions 0
the urnti-t,rust, laws would, it' enforced
brea31k up) the Meat Trus1t, ile though
the Meat, TIruust might, be a goodl thing
becaus~e it made(1 ple4011 thimk in t.hie
stomachsli' it they did( notmli their h14.1(d8
ThIe 1tOepubhlicani par'ty is not in a1 poi05
t,ionl to destroy the trusts, niotwithsatandl
ing thre fact that Senator' landge 111a
declared that ther'e were nincty-livi
had1( trustai to live g4ood ones43.
Mr. Bryan d1iscussedl the tarillf (luos
LIon andu took up t,he ques1t.ion1 of the
dlinrner pail ini the coal minling dIistrict
of' Penn1rsylvaiait. Hie said4 that th<i
full dinner pail had1( been 1a very effezl
lve argumenit inl theI 41 campaign, bu1
that it was not,1 working out1 very wel
withb the miiiners. lHe said( they4 wer
actually wor1king aIt reduoced wages, ii
that Iheir ivmng expenses4 1had( advane
ed t,o such an1 I et, and1( their wage
had4 not1 been ad valnced. Heo sait
times34 wouldI neOver be goodi unt,il th
head14 of th14 family was miaking entougl
money03 to keep his boys andi g,irls il
school1. Mr'. Bryanr also toutched o1
.hie P hippuine quIesition light,ly an
demanded(IC( that1 they be given the eamn
liberty we enljoy3.
TheJj richest farm ini the worldI is ai
acre wort.h $288,000 in the heart
Now York's ultra fashionable distric
bet,ween West End avenue and Rive
side0 drive. It is tilled regularly at
the prod(ucO Is Bold at the neare
market. During the civil war the si
was coveredh by a Government, recrun
inu ntatin.
The Man )Who Once Ruled the
Nntion'H Capital With an Iron
Private advices from Batopilas,
Mexico, bring tidings of the death on
the 12th inst. of Alexander R. Shep.
herd, who was at one time very much
hated by the prosperty owners of
Washington, 1). C., but on a visit there
two years ago after a long absence he
was received with markod courtesy
and distinction. Mr. Shepherd was
vice president of the board of the pub.
lic works of the District of Columbia
during the territorial government of
the district in 1871 and two years later
Governor of the district. lie was 67
years of age. The cause of his death
was peritonitis, brought on by an
attack of appendicitis.
(ov. ShepL.MIA, as the executive
ollicer of the board of public works, in
spite of vigorous opposition, began and
suC':cessfully continued improvements
in all parts of the city, with the result
that Washington became a magnificent
capit"al. To the Governor is given
credit for nipping in the bud a project
for the removal of the capital to some
Western city, which wa warmly
agitatedc at one time. He leaves a
widow and seven children.
Alexander It. Shepherd was born in
Washington, January 31, 1835. ils
lather dying when he was still a boy,
young Shepherd, at the age of 13 years,
was obliged to quit school and help
make a living for his mother. He wag
apprenticed to a carpenter, and after
several years went into the plumbing
IlIis edtucation was meager. He had
great coniblence in his own judgment,
however, and know how to manage
mien. Mr. Shepherd bought out his
employer's plubihing business and
built up a trade which brought him a
large income.
lie caie into notice in 1862 at the
b'egiiiiing of the war as a member of
a Washington military company,
known as the National Itilles. When
li is company was disbanded, after three
months' sorvice, Mr. Shepherd was
cleeted a nember of the council In
Washington. lie devoted much of
his time to politics, and by 1870 he
was recognizod as a political power.
W:ashington at that time was a city of
swamps and mud banks. The national
capital consisted largely of avenues
and boulevards on paper. There was
oven talk of removing the seat of
of governient to some place where
there would be less ainlaria and fever.
It wa.i nc,,ary that some one
should tL.ke charge of the work of in
provig the city. President Grant
appointed Mr. Shepherd, the plumber,
(o4vernor of the District of Columbia.
From that time Washington had im.
provements of all kinds. The streets
were torn up, unsightly buildings were
reiioved, wide avenues were run
through old estates, splendid public
buildings were erected, a complete
system of sewerage was introduced and
the avenues were paved. The face of
Washington was changed.
'lie citizens during all this time
were raising indignant protests against
the lavish expenditure of money.
Th'ley neeused " Boss" Shepherd of -
corrupt methods. They said that he
i nd his ring spent comparatively little
-money, butt put the hulk of it ini their
pockets. Tlhe tax rate was going up,
and the citizens of Washington were
denouncing Shepherd as a second
a " floss" T1weed.
ilalf the expense of improving Wash
miiigton was paid by the national govern
Y mnt and the other half by the tax
e payers of the city. Trho administra
tion stoodl by everything which "Boss"
LShepherd (lid, lie turned a deaf ear to
. everyone who came to him with sug
gestions. lHe had his own idm.s of how
-Washington should be improved, and
lie hold to it to the end. When lie
was finally decposed, in 1874, ho had
spent $40,000,000 and had left the city
of Washington $27,000,000 in debt.
iIe returned to his plumbing busi
ness, and foud that during his term
ats G.>vernor it had greatly fallen off.
Mu. Shepherd failedl within a year for
nearly a million dollars. Ho went to
work agaim, redheemled his fortunes and
paid his creditors. Thelmn ho started to
make a larger fortune. Ho wont to
Mexico in 1S70). ie bought land at
hiatopihis and by his indefatigable
-energy developedl valuable mines. It
is saidl that lie b)ecame several times a
T1hie public schools of Washington
are without coal and the commissioners
have tested a combination of coke and
b lituminous coal, in which they have
found a good substitute for anthracite.
-By putting in a layer of coke, then a
Slayer of bituminous coal, then another
1 layer of coke, a hot, clear, not very
smoky fire is the result,
a The population of Cuba in 1887 was
i 1,631,687, or 59,000 more than In
a 1899. Allowing for the probable in
icrease between 1887 and 189i5, the
Syear in which the insurrection broke
1 out, the loss of life, as indicated by the
ji two censuses is estimated at nearly
e 200,000, a loss to be attributed to the
war and the policy of reconiccntrationi.
nl Cleveland, Ohio, has a health onlecer
>f who undertook t' rid the city of small
t, pox by (disinfection, and he even
r. boasted that ho had done so. How
ud well lie succeeded is shown bylhis own
st adlmisslin that from January ,1 to
oAugust 1 of thIs year there were 485
.t- eases, and of these 60 cases were fatal.
He has now resorted to vaccination.

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