OCR Interpretation

The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, October 02, 1902, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067634/1902-10-02/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

A Blistering Review of Army
Conduct undi Muntngemtient in
the P1hiilippin e.
The New England anti-imperialist
committee, of which Mr. Charles
Francis Adams is chairman, makes
public an elaborate review of the
Philippine situation, which has been
prepared by Mr. Moorfield Storey,
counsel for the committee. The point
of Mr. Storcy's argument is that the
responsibility for the conditions in the
Philippines does not rest primarily with
our soldiers and oflicers in the islands,
but with Secretary Root. The docu
ment is a blistering review of the his
tory of army management in the Philip
pines from the time we occupied the
islands to the present. IL is entirely 1
based upon official and authentic evi- I
dence, and its statements are supported
at every point by citations of the re
ports of commanding officers, or of
unimpeached testimony given before
the Senate Philippine committee. None
of the disputed allegations is relied
upon. The whole discussion is intend.
ed to lrave no loophole for charges of
vagueness or of the use of information
of questionable authenticity.
At the outset Mr. Storey calls atten
tion to the promises repeatedly made
by President Roosevelt that 4ll cases
of barbarity, or of violations of the 'r.ws I
cf war, occurring in the Philippines
should be visited with severe punish. 8
ment. These promises are then viewed
in the light of Secretary Root's state- r
ments on the same subject in speeches I
and letters. It is charged that there
is direct conflict between Mr. Roots (
contentions and the facts given in the 1
reports of the commanding officers in y
the Philippines, which must have been t
known to him. It is sought to show L
that the Secretary has made no effort 1,
whatever to carry out the promises of u
rigid investigation and condign punish- li
went made by the President, but has v
concealed information known to him b
from the public. Mr. Storey then re- a
Views the history of the vrtrious inves
tigations and courts martial instituted 1
at the request of the war department, v
and maintains that, in every instance, v
such investigations were either farcical b
or designedly incomplete, and that the
selection of the investigating officers or
courts martial boards was such as to
make it impossible to secure a convic
tion. Speaking of the exceptionally
notorious charges against Gen. Funston
and others concerning the killing of
prisoners, Mr. Storey remarks of the
inquiry in this particular case that : t
" No one can road this record with . v
out seeing r
" 1. That the first impulse of the o
authorities was to punish the soldier 11
whose true statement led to the inves
tigation. 11
" 2. That the attempt was made to c
have an investigation where the wit- 9
nesses could not he had, so that it b
would be possible to claim that no evi- l'
dence was found to prove the charge, t
when, in fact, no real attempt to inves
tigate was made. U
" 3. That the most serious charge c
was not investigated at all." a
Deliberate evasion and concealment c
is then attributed to Secretary Root, a
the charge being supplorted by evi- a
dence chronogically dIrawn from ollicial a
documents. On the strength of these
It is argued that only by supposing Mr. t
RLoot grossly ignorant of his duty as s
Secretary of War can lie be relievedl of l1
the charge of deception.
In the course of the argument it is I
mamntained, from an elaborate com
parison of statistics of the killed and<
wounded in our own and foreign wars, I
that the butchery of the wounded Fili-t
pines was not sporadic, but was a gen
eral custom in our arniy. This point
is also backed up by direct testimony i
of fresh interest.
Mr. Storey also reviews the evidencei
already cited, concerning the systema-i
tic use' of torture by our ofilcers and
soldIers, and by the Macabebes in our1
'pay-, fOr the purpose of eliciting infor
mation. HIe considers it conclusive.
From an claborate discussion of thea
rules laid down in General Order, No. I
100, as comp)ared with the orders of
Geni. Bell and others, the p)oinit is
made that the mode of warfare pur
sued by us in the Philippines is entirelyi
out of harmony with the usages of
civilized combat. In no view of the
case, thinks Mr. Storey, can it be
claimed that our plan of reconcentra
tion, with its attendant burnings of
houses and property, and its necessary
accompaniment of extermination for1
all those found outside of the protected
zones is justidiable.
At the close of the pamphlet the case
against Secretary Root is summed up
in the following language :
" From this review of the record
certin things clearly appear.
"I. That the destruction of Fili
pino life during the war has been so
frightful that it cannot be explained as
the result of ordinary civilized war
" Gen.'Bell's statement that one
sixth of the natives of Luzon-that is,
some five hundred thousand 'persons
had been killed or (lied of dlengue fever
in the first three years of the war, is
etvidence enough on this point, espe
cially when coupled with his further
",'The lbss of life by killing' alone
has been every groat, but I think not
one man has been slain except where
his death ger.vod the legitimate pur
pose of war. It has been thought
necessary to adopt what in other coun
.tries would be thought harsh meas
ures,' but which Secretary Root calls'
measures of marked humanity am(
iliag naninity.
2. That at the vory outset of thi
war there was strong reason to believi
that our troops were ordered by som<c
otlicers to give no quarter, and that tc
investigation was had because it wai
reported by Col. Crowder that the
ovidc,nco 'would implicate nany
others,' Gen. Otis saying that the
charge was ' not very grievous under
the circumstances.'
" 3. That from that time on, as is
shown by the repoits of killed and
wounded, and by direct testimiony, the
practice continued.
" 4. That the war department has
never made any earnest effort to in
vestigate charges of this offence or to
stop the practice.
" 5. That from the beginning of
the war the practice of burning native
towns and villages and laying waste
I,he country has continued.
" This was the inception of a policy
,hat was pursued till Samar was made
i 'howling wilderness.'
" 6. That the Secretary of War
lever made any attempt to check or
ntnish this method of war.
" 7. That from a very early day
ortue has been employed systemati
;ally to obtain information.
"8. That no one hel ever been
eriously punisied for this, and that,
ince the first oflicers were reprimand.
d for hanging up prisoners no one has
eent punished at all until Major
lenn, in obedience to an imperative
ublic sentimsnt, was tried for one of
uany offences and received a farcical
" 9. That the Secretary of War has
ever made any attenpt to stop this
arbarous practice.
" 10. That from the time when Gen.
)tis advertised a court-martial of
renner for giving the information
rhich led to an investigation, until
lie Secretary proposed that Gen. Miles
e retired for giving the clew which
od to the publication of Major Garde
er's report, and Major Gardener is
arried for making it, the zeal of the
rar department and of Mr. Root has
een displayed against the accusers
ud not against the criminal.
"11. That the statements of Mr.
toot, whether as to the origin of the
rar, the progress, or the methods by
rhich it has been prosecuted, have
cen unreliable and misleading.
" 12. That he has shown a desire
ot to investigate, and, on the other
and, to conceal the truth touching
ie war, and to shield the guilty, and
y censorship and otherwise has large
" That lie can exercise an influence
) prevent abuse is shown by his
igorous language in disapproving the
mcommtendatiou of a board that an
tlicer suffering from chronic alcoho
sin be retired. In this case he said:
"'Immediate and severe discipline
called for, and nothing else. My
bservation has satislied gpn thnt the
tandard of sobriety and good personal
abits among the officers of the army
s very high, but it would not long ro
lain so if cases of this kind were to
e condoned or disposed of in the man
er which has been proposed in this
ase. Oflicers who observe such cases
nd fail to report them promptly for
iscipline are remiss in the perform
nce of their duties, And I desire the
rmy to unterstaiid that t,bey will be
0 consideredl.'
"' Had such words been1 used when
tic first oflicers guilt,y of torture were
entencedl to a rep)rimaind-if such
mnguage had ever been usedl by him
bout, any barbarity or outrage in t,he
'hihppines-can aniyone doubt its
ifect? lie was silent in the face of
ertain knowledge, andl by his silence
e madle hinmelf responlsiblhe for all
hat was done with his acquiescence.
" 13. That Mr. Root, then, is the
eal defendant ill this case. The re
ponsib)ility for what has dlisgraced the
nimerican name lies at his dloor. lie
a conspicuously the person t,o be in
restigated. The records of the war
Lepartment should be laid bare, that
ye may see what orders, what cable
~rams, what replorts, are there. His
tandard of humanity, his attitude t,o
yard witnesses, the position wvhichi lie
ias taken, the statemenits which lie
ias made, all prove that lie is the last
)erson to be charged with the duty of
nvestigating charges which, if proved,
ecoil on him. It is idle to expect, any
real investigation from him.
" Nor is it safe- to trust this investi
gation to the officers who have been
merving in the Philippine Islands. The
zuilty men are their friends and com
eades. They have been led to think
What the honor of the army is served
by acquitting the guilty or giving nomi
sal sentences. They cannot help try
ing to extenuate. They cannot help
wvishing to diablieve."
" What do the American people pro
pose to (10 about thlis terrible truth?
Shall Mr. Root continue to (disguise
the truth? Shaull we hidle our heads(1 in
the sandl, refuse to read or to believe
the facts, devote our attention to gains
and business, and hope that all this
will be forgotten?"
After insisting upon the importance
of 19ctifying our record in the Philip.
pines by visiting those who have been
guilt,y of outrage with severe punish
mont, Mfr. Storoy concludes by plac
ing the responsibility as follows:
" Our soldiers are not to blame for
all this. They are like the rest of our
follow citizens. Not a whit more cruel,
It is the American people under falsc
leaders which has set them to subju'
gate.and has been content not to asi
hoWy the work was done. We at hom<
maty imitate the ostrich, but, hide Oul
hoads as we inay, we cannot escapi
our naionnal guit.">
How it Figutre( in National P1oli. I
tica for Many Yearn.
lialtimoie Lluna.
'T'he good roads convention hold at
Cumberland recently and the sugges
Lion there made by the chief of the
United States road bureau that the old
national road should again be taken in
hand by the Federal government recalls
the history of one of the most interest
ing highways in the United States. Its t
glory has long since departed and the to
service for which it was constructed is
now performed by a number of rail
ways. That service was to provide ani y
avenue for travel and trallic between
the eastern seaboard and the valley of 41
the Mississippi. The original design 1
was to build the road from Cumberland tl
to Wheeling. At Wheeling the tralile a
was transferred to boats on the Ohio
river. East from Cumberland the road f(
was built by a series of corporations
chartered by the State of Maryland, o
with money subscribed mainly by the ti
State banks. Each bank as it received tc
its charter was obliged as a condition p
to invest a certain per cent. of its capi- p
tal in .the stock of the turnpike con- d
panies, and for this reason the road 1
was sometimes called the "bank road." ip
For many years a great stream of at
travel and traffic passed over the road
from \Vheling to Baltimore. As many si
as 16 coaches, carrying from eight to do
sixteen passengers, passed each way tr
daily. There were rival lines and re- of
lays of horses at short intervals, and ir
the speed was as great as 10 or 12 0(
miles an hour, (lay and night. Many if
private carriages and many persons on
horseback were in the ever-changing pi
procession. Some of the great figures tc
in our history passed to and fro on this B
celebrated highway. Henry Clay, the of
father of the road, and Andrew Jack- in
son, who .ut short its' career, went, in1
over it to and from their homes to p<
Washingtou, and were always received in
wherever they stopped by throngs of
admirers. Those were the days of hero in
worship. t1
Over this road came the famous In- Lh
dian chieftain, Black Hawk, on his ai,
visit to the "great father." Don An- pc
tonio Lopez do Santa Ana rode all the
way from Wheeling to Baltimore in a p1
coach named " Texas." his conquer- al
or, Sam Houston, was also at times a C:
passenger, as was Zachary Taylor, Wi- L
liam Henry Ilairison and Davy Crock. fr
ett. All these statesmen had to be It
prepared to receive delegations and to ti
make speeches whenever they put up s
for the night at a tavern. The freight CO
over the road consisted mainly of bacon or
and flour brought east to Baltimore in C
line wagons," ponderous vehicles G
with hind wheels ten feet high, and Lh
drawn by four or six horses. They n1e
returned with loads of dry goods, cc
groceries and other commodities for pr
the stores of the Western States. All mi]
these vehicles and the flocks of oxen in
and sheep which followed each ot:.cr la
in quick succession over the road caused thi
a great demand for accommodations for cri
man and beast, for provisions and for
age. The farmers along the route Cd
never lacked a market for what they fr
raised, and every few miles there was at
a tavern where a meal might be had th
for a quarter and a drink of pure corn T
or rye whiskey for a " lip." As the Gi
Baltimore and Ohio railroad was push- tr
cd Westward the terminus of this trailic im
shifted from town to town until the lLI
railroad reached Wheeling in January, U
1853, and the national road ceased to c<
be anything more than a local high
way. 8
LIn his adidress at Cumberland Mr. L
Martin Dodge spoke approvingly of the W
idea of a transcontinental wagon road. t1
As the buildinxg of the national road b:
progressed there was a design to ex- rt
tend it to St. Louis, and it probably di
would have reached that city before P1
the advent of the railroad but for Pres- ri
ident Jackson's veto of the Mayesville
turnp)ike bill in May, 1830. That veto gi
carried consternation throughout the at
land and blasted many hopes. The yi
bill provided that the United States q1
should subscribe to the stock of the II
company~ chartered to build a turnpike ul
road from Mayesville to Lexington,
Ky., and its veto was the announce
ment that the policy of internal im
provements was ended, at least as long C
as Jackson was in the White IIouse.
That policy had been steadily pur
sued dluring the administrations of
Monroe and John Quincy Adams. It
was like the " American " or protec- 1
Live system, the conception of Henry
Clay, aund began in 1806, when .Clay
went into the Senate. IL was the policy
of the Whig party, and was one of the
causes of the division of parties which -
took place in Adams' administration.
For his Mayosville veto Jackson was
subjected to the bitterest denunciation ii
by the Whig papers, and nowhere (lid v
the blo0w strike more heavily than in S
Maryland. President Adams had brok- p
en ground for the Chesapeake and 5
Ohio canal July 4, 1828. He wash
vastly interested in the work, which ii
ho said would exceed any of the
" seven wonders " of the world. The
United States subscribed a million (101- t
lars to the capital stock upon condition i
that it should be made wider and deep- e
er than had been purposed, and no one a
doubted that this was only a beginning, I
and that thle United States would fur- i
nish money to continue the waterway .1
to the Ohio river. But Jackson de
stroyedl all these hopes. The canal
company elected as Its president a
member of Jackson's cabinet, his
closest friend, Gen. Eaton, secretary of
war. But 01(1 Hickory could not be
cajoled into ap)proving What he con
sidlered an unconstitutional measure.
These clays the constitution seldom
stands In the way of anything Congress ,
really wishes to do, and so, if it should
)c determined to make a transcontin
mntal road from Waaingtont to San
"rancisco, it is not likely that the plan
vould encounter at veto or cause any
)arty divisions.
n ited StateN' Conimpt 111ion of
Sugar hIIM I ncreaed Greatly.
The United States consumes now
ight tiines as much sugar per capita
s in the first quarter of the la-t cen
ury, four times as much as the average
or capita during the decade ending
,ith 1850, and twice as much as in any
car prior to 1870.
From 1870 to 1880 it averaged about
U pounds per capita, from 1880 to
90, 50 pounds per capita ; in 1891I
ie ilgure was i ti pounds per capita,
ad hats ranged from l2 to 68 pounds
or capita since that time, the figures
r 1101 being 04.4 pounds.
'Tiis year growth in the consumption
f sugar is evidently not, contined to
to United States. The increase seems
have been equally rapid in other
irts of the world. Pigures recently
iblished showed that the sugar pro
iction of the world was nearly eight
mnes as great in 190(1 as in is10, the
ures for 1840 being 1,150,000 tons,
id that for 1900, 8,800,000 tons.
This increase in production and con
imption has come laigely through the
;velopment of the bot sugar indue
y, which increased from a production
'50,000 tons mn 1840 to 200,00(0 tons
1850, 831,000 tons in 1870, 1,402,
10 tons im 1880, 3,61:3,000 tons in
+90, and 5,950,000 tons in 9li10.
During the same time cane sugar
oduction increased from 1,100,000
ns in 1810 to 2,850,000 tons in 1900.
sets in 18,10 supplied 4.:35 per cent.
the total sugar product of the world;
1850 they supplied 14 211 per cent ;
1860, 20.43 per cent. ; in 1870, 34.40
ir cent ; in 1890. 0:3.70 per cent. and
1900, 67.71 per cent.
The per capita consumption of sugar
the U'nited States is greater than
at of any o:hcr country, except in
e United Kingdom, where the an
Cal colisumlption ranges from 85.91
mUnds, per capita.
An interesting report describing the
obable effect of the abnormally cold
ad wet summer which Germany has
perienced, has been made public at
e State Department. The report is
omt Consul General Mason, at Berlin,
id is dated August 21. In the event
at September is sunshiny, the report
ye, the growing crop of sugar will bo
nverted to one of the largest on rec
d, in proportion to the area under
ltivation. The sugar producers of
armany, and of Austria, also, says
e consul general, are entering on i
w campaign under very discouraging
nditions. Asido from the very low
ice of sugar and all utterly stagnant
arket, there is the still more depress
g fact, he says, that the surplus of
it year's sugar carried over is greater
an at the beginning of any recent
The situation in Germany, it is stat
, is somewhat better than in Austria,
om the fact that Germany consumes
home more sugar than Austria, and,
erefore, is less dependent on exports.
ie sugar consumption per capita for
srmany is 28 pounds, while in Aus
la it is only 17.6 pounds, both figures
eager andt insign ilicant comp)ared with
0 per~ cail)ta of conlsumpitionl ini the
nited States and1( Great, Brit,ain. Thle
uisul general continues:
"The effect of the export bounty
steam has been to tax sugar out, of
e reach of a large p)rop)ort,ionl of the
orking classes ini Europe, and( the
to nmost imiportanit result.s aimed at,
Sthe Brussels conference were to
peal the cause of countervailing
ities in America and( reduce the retail
'ice of hiomie-grown sugar in the En
pcan markets."
Suimming up the situation with re
Irdl to crops as a whole, Mr. Mason
ye that thle Germtan grain crop~ this
ir will be fully up to tile average in
lantit,y, but that its qtality has been
ore or less seriously dlamagedl by the
Ifavorable weather.
G nAcE LEss.--Because Mr. Von
olnitz defeated Mr. Grace im the re
mnt primnary in Charlest,on for State
mlator, the Edgefield Advertiser
inks that that cit,y has fatllen from
ace. This amay be true, and there is
other truth that, strikes us. Jud1(g
ig fromi the reports of the second
rimary, after thle gross irregtularities
the( fIrst, the city contmnued in sin
lat Grace might, ab)oundl, hut it didn't.
-The Florence D)aily Times.
On PnxT'IE'TY Mrs$TIxS.-If Cuba
not really free she is putting up a
ery serious bluff in that direction.
lhe has ordleredl Uncle Sami off her
oss5essions and1( the old1 man is no0W
3ratchiing his headl, wondorilig where
0 is at anld afraid to defy his pretty
iistress.-T'1he Florence D)aily Ttimes.
A Wna BIr BAsIl mu t.-Some of
10 newspapers are wondering wh3
10 News and Courier has lately been
a shy on politics. The Sumter Item
sys It was a wee bit bashful about
it,ting everybody into tihe secret of its
eing a Hleyward paper.-Greenwood
For Inf'into and Children.
The Kina You Have Always Bought
Bears the
lignatare of a
Are We Falliig into the WiyM
of Ancient Rone?
In the decadent days of Rome, when
imperialism having stealthily under.
mined the liberties of the populace,
was confronted with the problem of
diplomatically averting the mob, it
was ascertained by ill-gotten power
that to keep revolution quiescent it was
only necessary to keep its stomach
reasonably full.
They were philosophers, those rot
ten Romans, and the same philosophy
--namely, that of the stomach-holds
good in any age, in any clime. When
all is said, the varied problems of
human existence resolve themselves
into the vulgar matter of physical sub
And so, having stolen the material
substance along with the political
rights of the plebs, the patrician class
organized their politics and their pred
atory system of political economy on
a free-soup basis, blunting the patriotic
sensibilities and insurrctionary pro
clivities of the great mass by a judi
cious distribution of macaroni and
thick dish water, with an occasional
horn of bad wino thrown in for i paci
ficator, when seine of the more ob
streperous beefers aspired to humming
bird's tongue and African snail. This, -
together with the free circus and a
handout of small coin upon important
anniversaries, suliced to keep the emp
ty-headed majority in tolerable sub
jection while the earth was being ap
propriatod from under their feet, and
where gift diplomacy fell short, the
husky arms of the imperial legions 1
were quite suflicient. Bly.this simple
and tldirect policy the plutocracy of an
cient ltome foisted a Julius Caesar o
upon the body politic, and other less
reputable Caesars, while, for them
aelves they made life one long epicu
rean feast, interspersed with golden C
chariot a'ds to digestion and to other
aids unlit for mnodern publication and
Henry Vattersoi. C
It worked all right while it lasted, a
(nd long subsequently furnished one 1
(libbon a mass of interesting data for I
n historical warning to the Twentieth d
But what we star.ce to ask was,
Has it c(ie to this in American poli- i
tics, and will it come to this inl Ameri- 8
can political economy? The bizarre )
case of 1)every is fresh before us-and i
l)every was elected. The thing that <
elected him was his adoption of the I
Roman campaign method, nothing i
more nor less. If D every knowns not
classic Rome, he knows the dago and
the New York plebs generally, and i
knows their stomachs are lei and I
their thirst keen. Straightway this c
philosopher politician ordered beef a
imd sheep and swine to be hecatombed I
to appease the cravings of the inner t
man, with rivers of lager to drown it t
town, and when his unsophisticated c
anemies laughed him to scorn, ordered
more beef and sheep and swine and t
beer. IIe drew no line on sex or age i
or previous condition of servitude. It F
was a free-for-all till-up, and out of the
ashes of the harbecue and the sour <
dregs of the empty kegs, behold the i
reinstated amind radiant Ross Bill I
Devery, with the nice, clean public at i
his mercy.
Of course, this is a disreputable in1
dividual case, from which nothing bet
I.cr was expected; but wvhat, is t.o b)e
said of the adopt,ion of t,he Rtoman
met,hod of campaigni by a great p)ohti
cal organizat,ion in a great American
city? In Chicago the oIlher day the
Cook County ltepubhlcans formally
opened their campaign in Sans Souici
park with free refreshments and1( uni
versal gift distributions, and we are
informed by the local press t,hat 70,
000 women and children p)acd the
inclosure hike cattle out at t,he stock
yards, andl pushed andl fought like so
many bovines to get, at, the provisions
tossedl out to them. To make the dIc
gradling scramble worse, ti0,000 pen nics:
were given away, and we are compla
cently assuredl by one of the Rep)ubli
can organs of the Windy Cit,y that " a
number of pers~ons5 were injured, but,
nonc) seriously." 'L'h3 same paper says
the dlimensions of the motley crowd
"10(d the gatekeepers to fear that, all
Chicago was surging down upon them
at once."
iIas it conme to this ini America? we
repeat. Upon sober secondl t,hought
we see t,he superfluousness of the (lues
lion. Existinig condlitions, brought
about by Republican policies, have un
douibtedly reached t,he frne-soup stage,
andi the shockmng exhibition in the
Chicago piark is only the logical
sequence. It has begun now, and
where will it end?
But, really, isn't this a sad commen
tary on the "unexampled prosperity "
of complete Rtepub)lican supremacy?
Atlanta Constitution.
K(ing Edwardl's coronation revealed
the existence of a remarkable criminal
ini Aust,ralia. A native of England1,
he received his lhst, sentence In 1853,
one of ten years, for highway robbery
on one of the Victorian goldilelde.
Since then lie has spent forty- fivye years
in the prions of Victoria anid New
South Wales. iIe was recently ad
mitt,ed to a benevolent asylum near
Sydney, and lie received permission
from the authorit,ies of th3 inst,itution
to go into the city to witness the coro
nation illuminations. On t,he way lie
noticed an unguarded -house and the
temptation proved irresistilc. Ile
was captured while emerging through
a window with some valuable p)lundler.
At the age of 73 he is now beginning
a four years term of penal servitude.
At4t,aniled by tle Co-r--Jout-nl
andl FTe Atlata News.
Colonel William P. ('alhoun. in Aumiusta
Henry Watterson, editor of the
Courier-Journal of Louisville, Ky,
and John Temple (raves, editor of
The Atlanta (Ga.) Daily News, light
ing 'sido by side the " stuart set " in
society, piercing it with lance, dagger
and sword, is a good sign. Here you
find coupled together two warriors of
tried valor, worthy of any man's steel.
It makes the heart rejoice to see men
of that stamp condomning the sins of
which we call in this day and time
society (?), the smart set or the -100 of
our cities. The craze has spread to
smaller towns, whose peopl consider
themst Ives up to date, advanced and
in the swim when they ape the coarse
and vulgar manners of some of the
people or the United States.
Three years ago, I first call d atten
tion to the awful state of society
among certain people who set them
iolves up as society leaders. Four
weeks ago, while editig the Green
ville Daily News, I again took the mat
.er up and expressed myself in no
loubtful terms.
Watterson and Graves are following
hat lead; and right they are in doing
o. It is right to let the world know
hat such conduct as the " smart set "
s guilty of is condemned by right
hinking people. It is right to thus
nake the attempt to purify society and
cep it up to that high standard that
ornerly existed. It is right, to con
emn it, in order that the young men
nd young women now growing up
ay be protected from its evil in
uences. And it is right for many
ther reasons.
The older marriea men and women
annot be imjured very much. Their
haracters are formed, but, good heav- i
usl look at the young men and young i
eomen and consider what the effect is <
n then. Have you talked with some i
f thetm who delight in being advanced, I
nd who want to get into what their J
erverted minds call society? To hear i
hem talk is appalling. To hear them
efend the kind of society moutiono(d
i sickening beyond measure. t
Aye, there is where the great harm t
a being don . It is the inlluence that s
uch had conduct is ltaving on the r
oung. Somie of thet are inclinel to I
.pe every fad of the fast set, and to 1:
lefend their course by quoting from r
he fast society people, who are trying 1
o pervert decent society and turn it y
nto degradation. t
I almit freely that the I.otoriety
iven those pe-ople by the press has I
uuch to do with the rmad atnd wild I
areors of many people, who now con
ider themselves in society. The pa- I
ore make very little, if any, distinc- i
tons. They do not count the cost of t
heir conduct and its influence on so
There seems to be a desire among
he fast set for each to out,do the other
a their wild folly, and call it up-to-dat v
There is, however, in the land an- r
ther set of real society people, true r
ncu, attd, ( b40 less then, trie wo. -
en. Women who are as pure as it
s possible fort mortals to be; men and 1
vomen they are who do lionor to their I
ace. What, can they do? They seem
o be p)owerless to stemn the tide or re
all their erring brothers and sist,ers t.o
sense of their dut,ics to society. Th'le
ich fast, set, rolls high and the poor-er
me0 (10 t.heir best, to follow.
lil,INIt M AN HIrs ( CMiniN IC.--John
Irislin, of l'ittsburg, Pa., former roller
viho helped( Anitonio Vitnnac, aniothier
'oller, invent atnd p)atent a table for I
arrying lhot ingots of steel t,o and
rotm rolls mnechatnically, and ini whose<
avor .Judge Buflington gave a decision
~gaintst the Cartnegic steel compjan)y,
vheni told of his fortune todaiy said :1
'IThte news is too good to be true.
Por seven years I have fought for my1
ights. I had given up hope. D o you
nean it is true ? Oh I how I thanik
'ou for bringing me the gladi tidings.
" I have lost, every centt I have made
md I workedI for 40 long years. 1
Itartedl at the tradle at 12 cents a (lay.
When i quit I was getting $11I. Oh I
t,'s too goodl to b)0 true."
lirislim is blind andl is 75 years of
rge. IIis partnter dlied two years ago.
lie left his interest, to JBrislin. If
lirislini ever lives t,o secure his right,s
1o can recover at least $5,000,000 in
royalties for infringements otn pautent,s.
1'his would fall heaviest on the Unit,ed
itates Steel corporation. Brislin until.
recently was a janitor in the Bakewell
b)uildling, but lost his place through
loss of sight.
A writer in the Academy notes that
the places where the story of " Robin
son Crusoe " is supp)losedi to have been
written are as numerous as the tra
dlitions of Homer's b,irth. Gat,eshead
at-Tyne, an inn in Halifax, a house in
W hitechapel, a washhouse in Hartley,
and Defoe's home in Stoke Newington
are all pointed out to literary pilgrims
as bemng respectively the birthplace of
this famous pice of fiction. Stoke
Newlngton is, at any rate, associated
with the tranquil period of Defoe's
rather unquiet life. There he kept his
carriage and there his three daughters
kept house for him, "admired for their
beauty, their education, and their pru
dent ,conduct," wrote a friend who
married one of them.
" So, the kaiser's son has fallen in
love with an American girl," said the
rapid-lire comimentor on men and
things. " Well, if that's a patent of
nobility, I gnues .. wereal ro...
H1i We'Cstern Trip in Aban(oned
And le 1as lte(turrel to Was1h
inton1 for i Lc nfg Rest.
^N)IN^1'Ot., Sept. 2:3.-Without
the use of annesthotics, the patient dis
Playing the coolest nerve throughout,
an operation was this afternoon pre
tormed on l'resident Roosevelt at the
St. Vincent hospital Lore. Intense aux
iety was telt by all who heard the an
nouncenent that the P'resident must
go under the kni!e as a result of an
abcess on the left leg, an olltcoue of
the recent trolley acc!lent at l'ittsliel(d.
It was alleviated only when it was
announced that the President had
borne the operation well and was
resting quietly. The hospital was at
once p'aced Under the guard of twenty
s;ldlicts. Every precaution was taken
to insure the comfort of the patient.
The operation was begun at a quarter
past four and occupied only a few mo.
ments. So well did the President look
today, that when Cortelyou announced
the operation at once, the news came
like a thunderclap. It was then re
membered that lie had limped while on
the platform. This was explained by
Cortelyou, who said the President was
suffering from an abcess on the left
leg below the knee. Drs. Oliver and
Cook were immediately summoned in
conference with Dr. Lung, the l'resi
dent's surgeon, and the patient was
driven at once to the hospital, where
the operation was performed. It was
at oncO decided to abandon the Wes
tern trip. Cortelyou announced this
evening that the President, will go
direct to Washington, where lie will
remain for a rest. All engagements
have boon cancelled. It was announc
0d this evening that the Pres(lont,
would leave for Washington on the
7:30 train. The discovery of the abcess
3o long after the Pittsfield accident,
md the sudden determination to
)porate, are responsible for the general
mprossion that despite the reassur mg
,one of Cortelyou's announcement, the
['resident suffers from the injury of a
'ather serious nature. It is said this
ivening that because lie had feared
:omplieations as a result of the abcess
he 'resident gave his speech on the
ariff at Logansport this morning. This
pecch he had intended to reserve for
dilwaukeo tomorrow night. The
'resident and Secretary Root today
Lad a long consulation, which gave
ise to the rumors of international coni
lications. These were set at rest
thon it was learned what the real
roub!e was.
The exact trouble with the Prosi
le.t, as the doctors put it, is as fol
In the l'ittsfleld trolley accident the
'resident received a blow upon the
tuner part of the loft leg between the
ankle and knee.
''Ie ofiicial bulletin on the Presi
len's operation is as follows:
" As a result of the tiaumatism
bruise) received in the accident, there
was found to be a circumscnibed col
action of perfectly pure serum in the
middle third of the left anterior tibial
egion, the sac containing about 2
lunces, which was removed."
The operation was successful and no
>ad result.s are expected. It isthought
ltin a short time the place will
h'& a ak J)ooley Shot by an Un
k nowmn Colored Train Hand at
M~elrose on3 Saturday.
Yank l)ooley, a 13-year-old colored
ioy, who was brought to this city on
aturday eveningand placedi at Adams'
:olored boarding house near the South
in dlepot, died yesterday morning at 1
>'clock from the effects of a pistol shot
VOud. Th incidents of the tragedy,
is related by John D)ooley, the growni
>rother of the deceased, who was pres
mnt at the time of the shooting, are
uteresting, and present a remarkable
lemonstration of wanton brutality.
These negroes, with a third com-.
pamion, were walking down the track
of the Spartanburg and Asheville rail
roadl, towards tils cit,y on Saturday af
ternoon last. About 1 o'clock they
stopp)ed for a rest near Melrose station,
andi seated themselves on a sewer pipe.
While there a freight train came along,
headed for Spartanburg. They arose,
and as the train passed, casually walked
along the side of the track. After the
train passed Yank Dooley stepped
back on the track, and at that time a
negro train hand swung from the side
of the car next to the cab with a pistol
in one hand, and deliberately fired up
at the boy on the track.
The lad was struck in the abdomen
and after tottering a distance, fell to
the ground. Not content, the negro
fired twice more at the other two peo.
destrians, but without effect.
The agent at, Meirose telegraphed
to Tryon and other points down the
line to have the negro on the train ar
rested. The scoundrel had escaped,
however, before the train reached
Yank Dooley and John Dooley were
carried to Saluda, N. C., and later on
in the afternoon were brought to the
city on the regular evening passenger
train from Asheville. Trho wounded
boy was lodged at Adams' colored
boarding house, where he died.
Coroner Foster conducted the in
quest over the remains yesterday at
tornoon.-Spartanburg Herald.
We have remarked that the Coufes
sions of a wife are usually roasta of
her husband.

xml | txt