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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, October 16, 1902, Image 1

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VOL 12.-NO. 35. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1902.
Nearly Everythilug Now Being
Done by Machinery.
New York Times.
The tired city man who turns long
ingly to thoughts of " the old farm "
of his boyish memories and is impelled
to go there or to some place as nearly
resembling it as may be that, like
Antaous, of the classic fable, ho may
recuperate his wasted energies by once
more touching Mother Earth, would
do well to forget all traditions of
pastoral life or prepare himself for the
shock of a great lisappointnont.
The man with the hoe, the sturdy
artist of the scythe and cradle, the
sower who went forth to sow with a
bag of seed around his neck, the mus
cular ploughman, whoro strong hands
kept the implement from turning flip
flaps when its point struck a root, the
tripping milk maid carolling a song
all these and many other familiar ob
jects which the city man inseparably
associates with the old farm boar about
the same relation to the modern farm
that the traditional sailorman of the
(lays of wind-propelling craft bears to
the cool passer or the oiler in the shaft
alley of the modern steamship.
The best education for the up-to.
date farmer is a course in mechanical
enagincering. His barn is no longer
the barn of the poets, with great wind
swept floor spaces under fragrant
mows. It more resembles a store
house for miscellaneous machinery.
Its pervading odor is the smell of
m chine oil, and one makes his way
about In it with circumspection, unless
indifferent to torn clothing and abrad
ed cuticle.
Scythe and cradle hang rusting on
pegs in out-(f-the.way places; the flail,
which erstwhile made merry music on
the barn floor, has become bric-a-brac,
to be decorated with ribbons and stood
in a coiner; hoc, mattock, spade-in a
word, everything familiar and typical
of man's contest with the soil--which
still does, and always did, show greater
aptitude for growing weeds than for
raising useful and profitable crops-is
rel-gated to disuse, and if still dis
covered, only seives to remind one
that evcn in farming the fashion of
this world passeti away.
In breaking the soil for planting the
familiar plough, which gave even a
strong man plenty to do in managing
it and his team, has largely given
place to the reversible sulky plough,
on which the farmer rides as comfort
ably as on a wagon seat, and which he
controls by levers actuated by his foot,
leaving his hands free to manage his
horses, his cob pipe, or his cigarette,
if lie prefers.
With this he does much better work
than with the plough of ancient times,
does it more quickly and with much
less energetic vociferation---not to
speak of profanity. IIe is not nearly
as picturesque when thus engaged as
when holding down the plough handles,
and occasionally taking an aerial flight
over the heads of his horses when the
old furrow ripper struck a snag and
turned over; but lie accomplishes more
and puts his immortal soul in less im
minent peril.
But it does not realize the ideals.
Imagine Burns writing his "4 Ode to a
.)musy " while sitting cross-logged on
the scat of a sulky plough I Even this,
however, is menaced by the power
gang plough, and perhaps within
another year or two tihe farmer will sit
on his veranlda and1 control the move
mlents of is ploughe by means of a
switchmboard. IIis p)loughinlg finished,
tile farmer proceeds to pulverIze and
smooth his land. Time was when he
diragged it with a hlarrow of scrap iron,
his team straining every muscle to
move the ponderous and ungainly con
st,ruction, whlich had an inconvenient
hlabit of coming to pieces in mid-field.
If it he arrowed up " the land, it did
the same to the soul of the operator.
T1o say tihat it " went overyhow"
was to describe its motions, when it
went at all, in words perfectly intelli
gible to the farm laborer.
The farmer now mounts the seat of
thle sulky harrow, flicks a fly off the
flank of lis off horse and away he goes.
The machine pulverizes and smooths
the soil much better than it was for
merly (lone. Here, too, the horse is
menaced withl dislacement as a prime
motor. As a mechanical p)roposition
eats and( hay are even less economical
as fuel than anthracite in strike time.
In fortilizing is land the modern
farmer has tile adlvantage of the work
of the chremist whlo provides just what
It needls in the form most convenient
for application by mnachinery. The
unspeakable operations connected with
tile hand distjibutlon of barn yard
compost are no longer necessary.
if this material Is used the labor of
spreading it ls performed attonntically
by a machine which effects a desicca
tion anid.distribution unattainable by
hand ispements.. The -quarter acre
of reeking . gualgmlre, once known as
the barn yard, through which one
must wade ankle deep mn crossing it,
has disappeared-fromn the modern farm,
for which ovoty one having occasion
to visit Itf.and :who brings 'with him
some respect for his *hoes,.- may de
voutly give thanks. Composting and>
enisilago conserve the nit,rogenous
components of barn yard. ose much
better thdth~ was done when they were
left to " weather."
i?or planting there is a machi.nd (qr
every kind of seed, cunn1egly deslitr
ed, well built and por(ectly adaptef.to
the work .for whicl' It ls-intendb& 'D/
makes no mistakes; never ski a an:
inch, sews no more thifc /Ie
place than in another, and IOa 1W
" stunt " with an intellig'ence which
even the impossible Jonas of the Rollo
book could not have displayed.
For grain and grass the " broadcast
seeder " is used. This is attached to
an ordinary wagon, and the only hu
man co-operation it requires is keep.
ing its hopper full. It will distribute
all kinds of dry commercial fertilizers
and will put them just where they will
do most good.
A mechanical grain drill is provided
for such grains as need to be planted
systematically in rows or hills. It is
infallible in its operation and would
plant corn, for example, in the middle
of a macadam road if this was required
of it. Among other attachments it
has a land measure, something like a
cyclometer, which records the acreage
planted and would calculate the yield
if it were not for the element of uncer
tainty introduced by weather vicissi
tudes, and the variable industry of crop
destroying birds and insects. To cover
the seed it has planted it is provided
with a system of hoes which are ad
justed to work straight or zigzag.
A variant of this apparatus weeds as
well as sows. Still another is the bean
planter, which is quite remarkable in
its intelligence, so to speak. It drills
the hole in the ground, plants tho
beans, covers them, and marks the
position of the next row at one opera
tion. It will even alternate corn and
beans, turn and turn about or plant
corn or beans, distribute fertilizer and
cover everything impartially. In fact,
it will do anything for which the farm
er has the intelligence to adjust it.
The potato planter would make a
farmer of a generation ago sit up and
rub his eyes. It requires that the
potatoes be supplied, but will do all
the rest of its own initiative. It picks
the potato up and looks it over-or
seems to-cuts it into halves, quarters,
or any desired number of parts, sepa
rates the eyes and removes the seed
ends. It plants whole potatoes or
parts thereof as desired, as near togeth
or or as far apart as the judgment of
the farmer on the driving seat sug
Having dropped the seed it covers
it, fertilizes it, tucks it in like a child
put to bed, and paces off the next row
with mathematical accuracy. With a
phonograph attachment it might even
roneat the familiar invocation, " Now
I lay me," etc., if any advantage was
discoverable therefrom in the case of a
Certain vegetablef, notably tomatoes,
cabbages, cauliflower, celery, lettuce
and some others, need to be started in
cold frames, and transplanted for the
practical business of growing. For
this purpose there is a plant-setting
machine, which will handle a sprout
as if it loved it, establish it in its new
environment, gather the earth tenderly
about its roots, give it a copious drink
of water from a tank it carries, and
cover from four to six acres in a day.
Tho transplanting is done so quickly
that the plant is said to be established 9
in its new position before it realizes
the fact that it has been moved or has
time to become homcEick.
The various operations generically
known as " cultivating" were once ]
the bane of the farmer's existence. For N
them he needed a hickory back with sole f
leather hinges and frequent stimula
Lion from the switchel jug. The hoe 1
was his implement of greatest general
utility. Wit,h it lie dlestroyed the
weeds, loosened the soil, shaped up the
hills, and did many other laborious
and extremely monotonous tasks.
It was, moreover, discouraging work.
lie could only do it by daylight, where
as the weeds kept growing night and
dlay, and by the time he had finished
the last row of his field, behold, the
weedls were a foot high at the point
where lie had begun and he must do
it all ever again.
Now he has a machine for each and
every operation of crop tending, with
a driver's seat as comfortable as that,
of a buckboard. Those maclinos seem
to know a weed from a crop plant in
tuitively, and while they will snake
the former out by the roots without
compunction, they pass the plant n
harmed-provided, of course, it is
growing in its proper place. Some of
these machines wlli do almost anything
except entertain the farmer while at
work with agreeable and instructive
conversation; but they have been
highly specialized, and for every opera
tion connected with the tending of
every kind of crop there is seine one
machine which performs it a little bet
ter than any other.
When the crop is ready for gathering
mechanism is seen at its best. The
perfection of the modern reaper and
binder is illustrated by an Incident
which occurred this year . in Illinois.
A farmer had driven his reaper into
the edIge of a field ready for cutting
andl dismounted from: his seat to get a
drink of cider.
While thus occupied the horses took
fright at something and ran awey.
They tore round and round the field,
cutting a full swath with every jump,
gathering up the grain, binding it.with
twine and tossing the bundles .to one
side. Before the team was caught it
-had covered six and a half acrea, leav
ing only patches hero and there to be
-gone over. This was accomplished in
something less .than twenty-four
With a team of New York fire do
,py~tment horses a farmer could do
woAififul .hings in the harvesting
.11b%. . )Lowing .by mochinery Is no
lQfn~ i a ay.nd the 91-time
~api niower, who once led the
Seschelog .and whose
e could ,maintain, now hangs
over the fence and makes sarcastic re
ferences to " new-fangled methods i
In the hay fieid sweet Maud Mulli
and her congeners are seen no moi
raking or tossing. The su'.ky rake an
tender will turn and spread the hi
crop of four acres in an hour. Mat
Muller has become a typical summo
girl, who no right-minded Judf
would consider interesting. Eve
loading hay on the wagon is now dot
by machinery.
With these accessories at the fa
mer's command, the city man who fo
lows him afield to see him perform ti
the familiar functions of his era
would do well to go in a buggy. If li
goes afoot he will not be able to koe
up. Nothing is as it used to be in tli
good old days. It may be better, bi
that depends upon the point of viev
Indoors the city man misses all thi
made the farm house a museum (
treasures. The sewing machine he
usurped the place of the erstwhil
epinning wheel, the brick oven he
iven place to the portable range, an
the old blue churn has made way fc
the patent device which lacks ever
3lement of romance or of interest. I
te goes to the milking not even th
iired girl goes with him. He finds
rarm hand performing the operation b
trtiflcially induced vacuum and poul
ng the warm milk in a whirligi
piraster, where that is removed from
.t which gives him an uneasy sensa
ion in the region of the abdomina
liaphragm if he recalls how, in guile
ess infancy, he was wont to drink th
luid dipped at about 90 Fahrenhei
rom the milkmaid's pail.
Should he wander to the well to ex
lore its crystal depths, look for thi
reat frog which should be there, an
ontemplate sentimentally the o14
)aken bucket, he finds nothing mori
nteresting than a flat stone surmount
Ad by a cast-iron lift pump with ai
inti-freozing attachment, and realize
hat the aforesaid bucket has beci
n etamorphosed into a lead pipe lead
ng down to the sunless depths wher
urface water high in nitrates an.
iitrites, and not free from a Nell-dc
nod trace of albuminoid ammonia, 1
tored. Probably he will not fee
hirsty for water.
Of a truth the old farm is no plac
or a city man who cherishes memorie
f a boyhood rubricated by annua
racation visits to the homestead o
uis grandfather.
P'rofit in Cattle-Raising in Ocor
gia and Florida.
In a recent issue of the Manufactur
r' Record Mr Charles J. IInden o
Ulanta contrasted the grazing poten
ialities of South Georgia with tho
razing regions of the West. Th<
rianufacturer' Record received a let
or from a leading railroad oflicial mak
ng an inquiry as to whether the nativi
:rasses of Georgia and Florida were as
iutritious as those of the West. Ii
eply to this question Mr. IHaden, wh<
aas given the matter close study
rrites the Manufacturers' Record ai
ollows :
" I am glad that this question hal
een raised. I know that in the Wes
he impression prevails that the nativi
;rasses of Georgia and Florida are no
iutritious, but this is a mistake
Nutritious ' is a relative term. It i
tossible that, pound for pound, the na
ive grass of the Western plains ha
no flesh-producing power than ai
qual quantity of grass of the pini
ands, but there can be no reasonabl<
loubt that acre for acre the conversi
s true. Our Georgia and Floridi
~rass grows taller andl denser.
" For sixty years or more cattle ani
heep have been successfully growi
or market in South Georgia and
?lorida without other food at an'
ime of the year than the indigenou
~rasseB. I have before me a certifi
ate of J. H. Inman, an intelligen
attleman of Argyle, Clinch county
eorgia, who states that he has beel
n the cattle business thirty-five year
ontinuously on a moderate scale, an:
the cattle will fatten on the range o1
he wild grass about nine months il
he year, and will live on the rang
vithout other food the entire winter,
le says, however, that to supplemen
vith tame grasses is very valuable.
maye been an owner of lands in the
aection for many years, and can verif
vhat Mr. Inman says.
" Last week while in Clinch count
[ found the cattle were as sleek an
~at as the best I saw in my journe
ucross the plains. The breed of Sout
ieorgia cattle Is small ; so were th
3attle in the early range days of th
West. In the West they were bre
up from a 600-pound average animi
to a 1000-pound average, and the sani
ean be done In the Southeast. Th
fault is in the grower, not the grass.
" If fires are.kept out of the forosi
for two consecutive years or more, ti
volume of grass Is very greatly ii
creased. When- thus .proteoted thei
appears a growth of very valuab:
evergreen shrubs, excellent for gra:
log, and, beat 6f all, the wild oats, ti
fineBt of .all wild grasses. When Ut
white man first occupied South Georg
he found the forests covered in wi
oats. They were destneyed by a.nnu
forest fires, and cannot be brougl
back within only one season's freedo
from fires."
The ' Catholic Woman's Union
France Is appealing to capable youl
women -of hat country to obtain cor
ficats and take the places of t
nns reently expelled.
3r A Fine Oration From Secretary
'e Ilny at the Grand Army lte
A union.
The thirty-sixth oncampment of the
sr Grand Army of the lRepublic was hold
this week in Washington, D. C., and
the attendance of the veterans and
visitors was unusually large from all
parts of the country. On tho opening
day was the dedication of Camp ltoose
volt, the tented city located on the
White Houso grounds, which was the
? hoadquartors of the seoveral corps dur
ing the week. The chief address of
? the opening was made by Secretary
l John Ilay, representing the 1'resident
0 because of his inability to be present,
it and is worthy of reproduction on
' account of its scholarly and chasto ob
servances of the propriotics of such
t an occasion, in contrast with other
f speeches that were made afterwards.
,s Mr. Hay was a soldier and exhibited
o his patriotism in the following address:
s Comrades of the Great Army :
[I In the name of the President and in
r his stead, I bid you welcome to Wash
Y ington. I need not say that on every
f inch of American soil, wherever that
o starry bannor waves, you aru at homie,
N and 4eed no formal words of welcome.
V But especially in the capital city of the
republic you fought to preserve, you
3 are the children of the house ; the
1 doors are always open to you.
Wher over you turn, you are remind
ed of the history of which you are a
part. From the windows of t .t
White House tho eyes of many coin
t rades have looked upon this field
whose namos belong to the ages-Lin
' coln, Grant, Hayes, Garlcld, McKin
Sley and Roosevelt. In the beautiful
square other comrades salute you from
the bronze horses of the monuments
where your love and loyalty have
placed them. Across the winding
1 river, the heights of Arlington show
e the white tonta of FPmo's eternal
camping groun', whore your friends
and brothers repose. And, casting its
gigantic shadow over this bivouac of
yours, the unuiualled obelisk of Wash
ington towers to the clouds-the
1 loftiest structure ever reared by man
in memory of the loftiest character in
human history.
A peculiar interest attends this
gathering. Never again shall all of us
meet in a camp like this. Not often
shall the youngest and strongest of us
come together to renow our memories
of the past, and our vows of eternal
devotion to the cause to which in those
distant days we swore allegiance.
Thirty-seven years have passed since
some of us, wearing crape on our arms
and mourning in our hearts for Abra
ham Lincoln, saw the great army
which he loved pass before the White
House in the grand review. Many of
you marched in those dusty columns,
keeping step to the rhythm of drums
and trumpets which had sounded the
onset in a hundred battles. The ban
nors blow gaily out-what was left of
them ; they were stained with the
weather of long marches ; they were
splendid in the rags and tatters of
glorious victories.
There was not much of pomp or
state about the solemn march. But
the men in the street that (lay-many
of whom I have the honor of seeing
3 before me-afforded their own coun.
L. try, and( the rest, of the world, a 1lesson
3 which shall never be forgotten, though
t its tremendous import was not imme
diately perceived. In fact many in
Iefrenices were drawn at the moment
- which the lapse of a few months found
a altogether false. One trained observer
i of events in the Old World saidl:I
3 " These splendid fellows will give you
3 trouble ; it, is too fine a fore to be dlis
3 banded easily." Ie reasonedl from
the precedents of the pas5t, unaware
that we were making new precedoents.
I Since then the world has learned the
1 lesson of that houi'.
I The normal condition of the republic
p is peace, but niot the nierveless peace
m of helplessness. We (10 not needl the
-overgrown armaments of Europe. Our
t admirable regular force, with its per
,fect drill and discipline, though by far
1 the smallest in the worldl in proportion
B to population, is suflcient for our ordi
I nary wants ; but when the occasion
I calls, when the vital interests or thi,
i honor of country are threateiied, when
a3 the national conscience is arousedl, an
'army will spring from the soil, so vast,
t so docile, so intelligent, so formidable,
I that it need not fear to try conclusions
t with any army on the face of the
y earth.
But that was only half the lesson;
y ,the other half was equally important
d that when the citizen army has done
y its work, It makes no claim, it exacts
h iio conditions of disbandment, but
e melts away into the vaster body of the
e nation, as tihe foam-crested sunlit wave
d molts back into the profound depths of
ii the ocean. The great host of 1805
e ceased to exist as an armed force ; but
is in every town and hamlet of the land
it lived as a part of the body politic-.
As a nucleus every where of courage, pa
0o triotism, and self-sacrifice. TLhis was
1- a new product the republic might
e proudly show to the world, saying,
lo " These be the peaceable heroes I
r.- breed from great wars."
LO There- were. many brilliant (deede
10 done in the war that resulted in endur
La ing fame to fortunato Individual sol.
Id diers ; but the abandonment of that
al army flushed with victory and idollze(
it by the c.ountry, reflected honor upor
mf all our race, a glory in which Indivi
dual claims are lost, like atoms of clout
in the crimson splendor of a storma
of sunset.
ig For four years you showed your
tI- selves good soldiers-equal to the boa
lie the world bas soon. For 37 years yoi
haen been ron l nan and wh
shall say in which capacity you have
wrought best for the republic ? Each
year you como togother with thinned
ranks, but undiminished spirit to food
snow the undying flame upon the altar.
of patriotism. I should not have said
your ranks are thinned, for the place
of each fallen comrade is filled with a
loving memory. And who can over
forgot the faces which never had a
chance to grow old-the bravo young
warriors who fell in battle and gained
the prize of immortal youth ? For
them there is no shadow of struggle or
poverty ; no trouble of gray hairs or
failing strength ; no care of the pros
ont nor fgar of the future. The un
fading light of morning is forever in t
their eyes ; the blessing of a grateful
nation hallows their names. We salute
them with loving tears, from which
the bitterness is gono. Wo hear their
young voices in the clear notes of the
bugle and the murmur of the fluttering
flags. Our answering hearts cry, f
SIlail and farewell, young comrades, f
till we meet again I''
Our fathers ordained that in this
republic there should be no distinc
tions ; but hunian nature is stronger
than laws, and nothing can prevent,
this people from showing honor to all "
who havo deoscrved well of the coun
try. Every man who has borne arms
with credit has earned and is sure to f
receive a special measure of regard.
And it is our peculiar privilege to
remember that our armies, regular and
volunteer, have always been worthy of
esteem. In distant generatione, under
dtfferent flags in conflicts groat and "
small, by land and by sea, they have b
always borne their part nobly. The N
men' who fought, at LuI.uburg beneath 1
the meteor flag of England ; the men
who stood with Washington at York- It
town ; with Lincoln in the Black llawk
war ; with Jrocket at, the Alamo:
with Taylor at Buena Fista ; with
Grant at Vickburg ; and with Leo at
Appomattox were of the stuff of which
not only soldiers, but citizens, are
madie. Anlt in our own time the
young men who stormed the hill of
San Juan, and have borne our flag K
with such honor to the forbidden city el
of Pekin and the jungles of Luzon, n
have shown that then progenitors bred hl
true. The men of today are as good P
Americans as the mon of yesterday, 1l
and the men of tomorrow, with God's d
b!lesein1g, will h the aameo. The domi
nant characteristic of every American hi
army that has over stepped to the tap cc
of a drum has been valor and human- l
ity. They have -in the long run
carried nothiing but good to any land li
they occupied. As our comrade Mc- lI
Kinley-of blessed memory-said :
The flag has never floated over any is
region but in benediction.''
By order of the l'realdent of the .
United States, these historic grounds t
the property of the nation, are during it
this encamnpniot doticated to your i,
use. They will receive from your y
presence an added sacredncaa and
value. In the history of the twentieth c
century, which is opening with such p
brilliant promise, not the least lumin
ous page will treat of this meeting of
the Grand Army of the Republic- t
soldiers and citizens whom the republic 1i
delights to honor. Uc
Secretary Moody said he had asked l1
Admiral Dewey how he had felt in I
contemplating the mines and torpedoes f
in Manila bay the night before attack- f
ing the Spanish fleet in the harbor of v
that city, and that the admiral's reply a'
was lhe simuply had asked himself wvhat i
Farragut would have donlo if con- v
fronted with similar conditions. The I
Secretary concluded tbat men3l inspired I
by such tradlitions as these never could i
turn their back on the flag. C
PresHidenlt John M ~iitchnell Has~
Hefused( To P'ut Ill i Mi~en
No settlement of the coal strike is
yet in Bight,. Aft.er the failure of his
appieal to the coal mine presidents andi
the strike leaders, whom lhe had called
together for a conference, P'residenit,
Roosevelt appealed to Presidlent .Johnm ,
Mitchell to senid his men hack to wvork, ,e
on the terms proposed b)y the opera
tors, for the public goodl. To complyi
wit,h t,his reqjuest wo,uhd 1)e t,o confess
that the cause of the st,r)kers was1
weakening, even if the mot,ive alleged
was to plrovet,t a coal famine.
On Thursday the reply of Mr. Mitch- j
elI to the lPresident's p)roposition was~
madle public and it is as follows:
Oflce Nat,ional President, United
Mine Workers of America, Second
Vice ['resident Amnerical Federation of.
Labor, Hotel Hart.
HIon. Theodore RLoosevelt, President
of the United States, \Vashington,
1). 0. :
Dear Sir : Hon. Carroll D. Wright,
has no doubt reported to you the -do
livery of your message to me last Mon
day and my statement to him that, I
should take your suggestion under ad(
visoment, although I did not look upon
it with favor.
Since that time I have consulted
with our district presidents, who con
cur fully in my views.
We desire to assure you again that
we feel Jceenly the responsibility of our
position and the gravity of the situa
tion, and It would give us great pleas
ureo to take any action which would
bring this coal strike to an endl in a
manner that would safeguard the in
terests of our constituents.
In proposing that there be an imme
diate resumption of coal mining upon
the conditions we suggested at the
White House, we believe that we had
gone more t,han half way and had met
i y our wishes.
) It Is unnecessary in this let,t.er to
refer to the malicious assault tade
upon us in the response of the coal
operators. We feel contident that yol
must have been impressed with the
fairness of our proposition and the in.
sincerity of those who maligned us.
Having in mind our experience with
the coal operators in the past, we have
no reason to feel any degree of con
Ildenco in their willingness to do us
justico in the future, and inasmuch as
Lhoy have refused to accept the de
cIsion of a tribunal created by you and
inasmuch as there is no law through
which you could enforce the finding of
he commission you suggest, we re
ipectfully decline to advise our people
o return to work simply upon the
ope that coal operators might be in
luced or forced to comply with the
ecomunondations of your commission.
As stated above, we believe that we
vnt more than half way in our propo
ition at Washington, and we do not
eel that we should be asked to make
u rther sacrifico.
We appreciate your solicitude for
lie people of the country, who are
ow and will be subjected to great
utTering and inconvenience by a pro
mngation of the coal strike, and we
ecl that the onus of this terrible state
IP affairs should be placed upon the
de which has refused to refer to a
iir and impartial investigation.
I am respectfully,
Presideut U. M. of A.
Meanwhile the situation in the
ining region is critical. Gov. Stone
ts called out the whole of the Penn
-Ivamaa militia, which is now on duty
the strike country to protect the
ines and non-union minors. A con
et between the strikers and the
oop1s is probibll at any time.
A sow belonging to Alfred Me- e
unna, a colored citizcn near Lan- y
ister, gave birth last Wednesday o
ght to a pig withi two nlatulrial sized f(
3ads. EIach head had its full com- h
elient of eyes, but one head was
iort an ear. '['he pig died the next
'I'he Vinnshoro (ranito Company b
is just been awarded a very large A
nmtract for the granite work of the .1
sw capitol building of I'eninylvania (i
Harrisburg. The total cost of this t
3w building will be live million dol- c
rs. The contract for the granite v
ork is above a million dollars. Th's e
a great thing for the granite coim
iy, and a still greater thing for I
airlield County. It will take at least s
ree years to complete this work, and d
will re(luiro the enploynient of at f
m l 2O0 more skilled ston(, etir1s. f
ien this full force of foul hundred y
more h ands is at work, the pay roll 1
the company will be about $30,000 i
cr month.
A unique marriage took placo at the f
hester County home last Tuesday. t
ev. .John hass Shelton was to preach a
the innates, and was also to otlici- a
to at the marriage of Mr. G. V, I
lodge and Miss (lara IItudon. 1'n- P
rtunately Nir. Shelton was absent I
rom town on that day and Mr. Iodge
sat almost br(lken-hieairt.ld as the hour
pplroachied and1( 1no prchelir arrived
Vhcn it, was learned that, Mr. Shelton
rouald not be piresenlt, Mr. Iledge ap
ealed to I )r. .1 ohnsmon, who hap
(ened( to be0 presenit, to get a preacher
r)miewhlere. Rey. B. G. Murphy was
alled3( ini and1 soon3 had the couple in
lie desired condition---namely, maii
iedl. Mr. Ilodge is in his eighty
u3venth year and Miss 11ludson is in
er forty-fourt,h year.
Mr. A. Baron IIolmes, Sir., (died
uddenly Monday night at, about, 10 30o
'clock at, his residence on Mont,agueI
t,reet, Charleston. IIe was chiattinig
,ith his family dluring the car!y hiouris
f t.he oveing andi( after going to his
0011 ablout 10 o'clock lie complainedl
f fcelinig badily and a half hour later
e was dead. iIe had been troub)ledl
iit,h heart disease for about a year andl
halt, iIe leaves a large family.
Ir. hlmes was well known, not only
) Charlest.on, but all over South Care
n. iIe traveled t.he State for the
Valker, ICvans & Cogswell prinitmig
stablish mont, for the p)ast twent,y
ears, and( lhe was highly regarded byi
11 who knew him. iIe served through
'U the entire civ.ih war in t,he l'almottQ.
iuardls. iIe was a Mason and a
nomber of the l'almetto (Guard Camp
J. C. V.
A Now Orleans telegram of, recent
late states that a steamer just arrive~
it that piort from IIondlurae brings
iews of the death 'of .Joseph 1P. Benja
nin on his planitat,ioni near Ciengolfoi
Llondhuras. This Joseph was a brot,her.
)f Judah P'. Bienjauim, Secretary''o[
state of the Confederacy; and oine of
the most famous leaders df- the. Lost
Uauso. JIoseph. served,. through. t eo
war. At, its close he and hts'.'brother
leclared t,hey c'ould no6t live ina coi'n
try where the caiuse they,-oved no?well
had .boen crushed. Judah went to
ECngland, and there bebame known 'as
one of the rn'ost'irilliant lights o~f th~e
British bar. Joseph went to Central
Agnerica and bought land in Honduras.
There he acquired large coffee and
fruit plantations and becanme wealthy
and powerful; and there he lived to the
end of .hIs days. The sketehes of him
now published - state that he was s
native of South Carolina, but that h<
was educated at the University ol
North Carolina,
.If the following from the CJharlott(
News be Wrte a goud n)any South Uaro
linat tagrn' wilY not have a -circus- ti
year: ."The cities and towns along th,
line of the :;outliern, not touched by
other railroads, will have to make up
their minds to do without the circus. The
Southern has Ilatly refused to haul this
character of business unless the show
P1)lc suhscribo to the new-muade rules
to" down by the otlicials at Washing
twnerIt i useless to add that circus
Owners will not, under any condition,
agree to risk their belongings unless
the railroa will ,i thom ome kind
uof t)rote'tion. This state of affairs is
dIu to the big sinash up of Buffalo
fill's tt..iu near Salisbury, N. C., last
fall. O)wing to tho oversighit of ani
operator in designating the tnber of
trains en route for the nufbaler i1f
movement, (e of the specials ran into
a freight and was literally torn to
pieces. A great number of damage Sits
resulted and the cost to the Soutern
wuas il LOne igliooriiood of I( (ll.
''he Southern Iigures that it is bast
to steer clear of this class of business,
especially as traflic is heavy, both in the
freight and the passenger depart
In a letter to Col. -Joseph M. More
bead, of Greensboro, says the News
and Courier, Dr. Edward Everett
Hale says: " I wish some of you
North Carolina gentlemen woul hunt
up the descendants of Daniel Defoo,
the author of 'Robinson Crusoe,' who
lived somewhere in North Carolina.
I think that the great Englishman
iimself came over hero. I think that,
tccounts for his very accurate know
edge of affairs in the Southern States
ihown in ' Captain Jack.' There is
mother thing which ought to be looked
or in some old store house in Wil.
nington. Oliver Goldsmith, the poet,
neant to emigrate to North Carolina.
Io packed his trunk and put it oin
ioard the ship; the ship waited for the
ide, and while it waited Goldsmith
hanged his mind and never camue to
ltnerica. But the trunk came and is
onewhero in Wilmington, unless
.ord Cornwallis stole Goldsimith'a
birts and stockings. Some of our
oung people ought to make a novel
ut of this. It has a much larger
)iidation than most historical novels
Miss Roosevelt's most attractive
ill gown for the coming season is
uin;g constructed in Washington from
irs. Roosevelt's wedding grown, says
'lie Philadelphia Press. This wed
ing dress, with its sweeping
'ain, has been the most magnill
cnt thing in the eyes of Alice Ioose
elt since she first beheld it as a more
bild, when taken home to greet her
tepmio' her. It is said that Mrs.
.oosevelt then promised that she
liould some (lay have the gown, and
uring Miss Roosevelt's last visit here
ilfilled her promise. It was fitted a
w days ago by a local modiste, and
rill this winter grace a number of the
lost magnificent White House func
ons. It will be Miss Roosevelt's first
tin gown, all of her evening dresses
>rierly worn being of soft sheer ma
3rial, either silk, wool or cotton. The
itin in this gown is rich and heavy,
nd when the lace worn by Mrs.
Loosevelt at her wedding adorns the
own, it will be unsurpassed for rich
ess by any worn in Washington.
W hile the miatter has not yet come
'I in oflicial form, the Governor has
>en advised that in case application
S mnade looking for the dismember
ient of a portion of Edgefleld County
o forni the p)roposedl new county with
forth Augusta as the county seat, the
>eoplo of EdIgefleld propose to make a
'igorous fight. Edgofield has already
uffered severely in the matter of ter
itory and p)opulation by the formation
~f the now counties of Greenwood and
aluzda, and her citizens are much
,verse to any further drain upon the
istoric old1 county's acreage.
Germany has been experimenting
vith the American system of checking
>aggaige and likes it'so well that it is
o he more generally used on the roil
vays. Under the old German system
ivory man had to look after and iden
ify his own baggage, as is the customi
ere on country stage coaches.
Jludge Oliver Wendell Holmes fhas
lccep)tedl the invitation to be the guest
oif honor &et the inaugural exercises of
L'resident James, of Northwestern Uin
versity, on October 21st.
Congressman Finley raised 125
bushiels of fihe onions on his planta
tion near Rock Hill this .year, and has
sold qujte a quantity of them at $3. a
Pol1cemai Thom a Markwoodl, of
Washmngtonr1 aas been. pjaced on the
retired. .likst after fort,y yeara of~duty.
He serv&d in thateity d.ting the c'ivl
A surhmer-loan exhibition of Japan
ese,art at the-Whitechapel 'art gaIlory1
l4ondon, was viaited by 90,000 people,
chiefly of the poorer classes. .
John D. Rockefeller has given $23,
000 towards liquidating the debt of 'the
Washington Heights Baptist church,
New York city.
Por rnfants and-Children-,
The Sind You Have Alwas Bsught
Der he

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