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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, November 06, 1902, Image 1

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le Makes(C a1 Political Specclt
IFor the FirMt. Time Since lie
Went Out of 0111cc. C
Ex l'residuent Cleveland spoke at a
political meeting held in Morristown, u
N. J., a few nights before the cam
paign closed, and special trains brought i
hiln(lreds of people from other towns u
and cities. As it was his first political a
speech since he left the Whito House
six years ago, his (icliveranccs are in
toresting if not important. Mr. Cleve
land said in part:
"I am especially pleased to learn st
that talrifT. reform has been made the f
principal issue in the canvass you have it
in hand. Never within my observa- n
tion or experience has there been a t
time when this should be more earnest
ly, persistently and honestly prebsei s
upon the attention of our countrymen f
than now: 8t
" Of course custom dutios must Con- ai
tintue to be the source of govern
ment maintcnance until another plan *
is (levi4ed; but a tariff, constructed for i
the purpose of protection as its chief ut
object, is at all times and in every t
feature of it, an unjust and unfair at
burden upon the masses of our people; cv
but the bold and arrogant develop
ients of its unfairness and injustice Je
in recent years, and the new direc- Pr
tions they have taken, ought to
especially arrest the attention and ap
prehension of every thoughtful, sober- tr
mil(ded per1son1." (u
Mr. Cleveland reverted to former al
1)emocratic tariff campaigns and quot- <
ed, several paragraphs t rom his tariff
message of 18$7: u
it For the purpose of showing not
only the acceptedf position of the Demo- b
cratic party on the tarilT (ucstion, but t1
also (as suggesting tha material then ui
available in attacking tariff iniquities.
I. want, if I can," lie continuei, " to
lead you to a contemplation of the ini- m
qiities that have since accumulated to co
the numerous additions to a vicious
an1(1d d.angerous progeny born of tariff ti
Iiceie an(1 iepravity, to the increased 11
nmat.(er,. I of successful attack, and to
the present dut,y of all who love our a
people more than self, to striko a blow Ps
wienever and wherevor it is possible, c
for our country's honor and emancipa
" For this purpose I hope you will as
permit me to add one further quotation re
from the same passage as follows:
in speaking of the increased cost, m
. to the conls1mer of our home manu
factures resulting from a duty la1:d '
upon imported articles of the same i
- deocription, the fact is not overlooked th
tht competition among our domestic Cc
prod{ucdrs sometimes has the effect of a
keeping the price of their products be- as
low the highest limit allowed by such pr
dty. But it is notorious that this "
competition is too often strangled by ou
comibination)s quite prevalent at this i
time and frequently called trusts,
{ ,Which have for their object the reg- e
ulation of the supply and price of PC
commodities made and sold by mmci
"ers of the combination. The people re
can hardly hope for any consideration si
;, in the opposition of their selfish th
"Less than a year after this an
nouncement of D)emocratic doctrine, it W
was made a target for all sorts of at- as
tacks in a Presidential election. The i
.timidl wete assured that absolute free P'
trade would follow Democratic success,
t,hat the importers paidl the custom a
taxes, andl above all, that if any re- 01
vision or change was expedienlt, it n
should be entrustedl to the friends of
theo tariff. Tihe people were persuaded U
-to.coiitinue these friends in piolitical I
-cuhtrol andl hiey forthwith constructed
a new scheme of high protect,ion. Trhe P
bill then passed was so full of abouni
Snations and1 so plainly shlowedl the
hieedlessness of its authors and benell
ciaries and( their disregard of t,he in
-terests of the people, that tbe voters ofd
tihe land, though accustoined to yield- di
ing to tariff delusion were promplt inh
their revenge and condemnation.
"It might naturally be supposed thiqt i
so violent a blow as was then givena
would ad(momiah, if it, did not reform,
these piromuoters ( fiselfish tariff benefits. t
This, however, was by uno moans in
menit with their machinations. Te
sulleniy surrendered control of govern
mental policies and laid in wait for
* their opportunity. The lamentable
-conditions which quickly gave this op
portunity are familiar to you all. I
am not, hero to speak of D)emqcratie a
ni..b.uisfortunes or miscarriage, but to call I
attention to thl- unyielding tenacity of t
high tariff, rapacity and arrogance and a
-to thie mianner In which they grow and(l
develop whenever t,hey have an opi
" Sooner than they had t,he least i
reason to expect the friends of the tariff
.or in other words, those who sought to I
*grow rich Wvith government help at the
expense of the people with their aiders I
and ahett.ors, had turned over to themrn
the work of again adljusting tariff rates.
[low did-tliey approadh the task? Was'
*it With a patriotic intention to benefit 1
* the masses of our pole and make I
t.heir burdens lighter. This they wouldI
hardly declare 'witbout a sly wink. .'
-Was it even with the fear of the people 1
before their eyes? Surely nothing in
dlicates it. Trhieir work was undertaken
,they -would have enteredi upon a
jGilege-to .make the most of it. I
hlvo..hearl it said upoin excel ont aul
thofity t,haat eixpetant bom:ficiaries un
-(dei' the existing -tariff laws-matte by
>.~ ~a~4~wm0.. actually. allowed to
~ c~tiJ'ot&he ecliedulg by which-t bey
~xpected to profit Tis was quilte in
keeping with the color and complexion
>f the entire scheme. Evidence
tbounds in and about it, and indicat
ug that the welfare and interests of
ho common people of our land were
iot allowed to disturb in any un-,
>lcasant degree the serenity of those
having theiwork in hand. I believe
his last exploit of the so-called friends
>f the tariff in its revision, should
mply satisfy any thoughtful citizen
ibiased by interest, that the spirit of
high protective tariff grows by in
ulgence and mocks what it feeds
pon, and that its progressive greed
nd ruthlessness is becoming more and
iore a menace to the w"lfare and
appiness of our people.
Iow long htas it been thought de
mnt or even safe to cheat the con
imers of coal by putting it on the a
ce list, but dishoncsly providing for
s custom taxation in another cun- (
ugly constructed provision of the law? I
ow recently have the 'friends of the }
rilf' had the boldness to perpetrate
ich a trick and take the chances of f
cing the people, when in the painful j
ress of a threatened coal famine, it
iould be exposed? r
" I have called your attention to the
et that in 1887 competition, which, e
unrestricted, might modify the effect e
)on our consumers of a high protec- (
re tariff, was spoken of as 'too often
ranggled by combinations, quite pro- I
lent at this time, and frequently v
lied trusts, which have for their ob- t,
et the regulation of the supply and p
ices of commodities made and sold s
members of the combination.' t
hen this was written, I suppose the 1
ists and combinations mentioned as f,
ite prevalent so far as they were at
important, might have been count
off by the fingers of the two hands. 3
hon the friends of the tariff last took a
the work of its re-construction these a
.sts and combinations had increased n
the hundreds, The consequence of ai
cir operations could not fail to be N
derstood. It was as plain then as t
w that a high protective tariff do
ids them against forcing competition, e
d that by agreed association and e
nfederacy in production and price,
ey defend themselves against compe
ion at home. It was perfectly ap
rent that under the broad wings of g
ghI protection and fattened by un- c
rned accumulation, they could col
Etcently close their ears to the trouble- L
me cry for easier living from the a
cry day consumer. i:
" The present tariff conditions have I
sumed a complexion which not only f
qires a check in its aggressiveness, a
t actual amendment is at last ad- 1;
itted among those responsible for 1
eso condit,ions. Such a (onssion i
us made when a d1ozen1 or more re- t
)rocity treaties were submitted to c
e Senate, but theisinceri y of the con- d
ssion and the honct. intention to c
rrender the least advantage as long a
it can be held, is emphatically (1i8- a
oved by the fact that session after
ssion of the Senate has passed with
t taking the least action oa these
aaties. .t
"I need hardly refer to the preva- I
ice just at this time among tihe sup- t
rters of high protection of declara- i
111s and professions in favor of tariff r
-adjustment. We hear it, on every t
Ic. Whit does it mean ? It means c
at they see the handwriting on the c
ill as they have never seen it before. l
aos it mean that they are sincerely 1
lling to (10 something for the people,f
against 0old comrades who have here- 1
fore paidl well for the neglect, of the I
Lop)le ?
"How can we believe t,his when we f
e still parad(edl up anId dIown before
ir sight, the hloary-hleadecd, bloated
ad malodorous old fraud and pretence
at t,he tariff should be revised by it,s i
ienids ? What hove these friends of I
io tariff (don1 thlat they should again a
trusted ? They hlave quieted t,he
10ople's fears and professed solicitudle
r their welf are and p)romised t.o lead a
aem to pleasant places, and now t,hat I
oals and rocks have been struck, i
tey seek by another promise t,o mend
le Whlole affair andl retain the con II
mnce andl trust of those they have do
"I have supposed that my fellow
tizens are t,houghtful on this subject
d thlat their thoughltfulness has ledI
aenm to desire an amIendmilent of ouri
rift laws anid a rectification of the
rong and injustice that follow in
mcir train. I have attempljted to give
rasons why this work should not be
ritrusted to those who have so fully
emonstrat,ed their insincerity and un
Lness for the task."
Samuel Wagner, aged 79 years, was
3at,cd at the dinner table, at his home
r Easton, Pa., when a fly dIropped in
> his coffee. HIe asked his wife for
nether cup and Bile went to the
itchen to get it. On her return she
3und her husband leaning forward on
he table (lead. The sight of a fly in
is coffee or any foreign substance in
Is food hand always made him sick,
nd his (death was duo to heart failure.
Investigation of the sensational life
nsurance frauds discovered in Loul
lana is being pushed. So far six eases
1re saidl t,o have been unearthed.
L'wenty-two fraudulent policies have
teen tracked (down. The companies
>a.ying the risks have lost between
(75,000 and1 $100,000. The full exteont
>f the business is not yet known. One
Rtate agency has been closed and the
agent has departed for scenes un
President 0. Stanley Hall, of Clark
[Jniversity, has been studying the al
tiost total absence of insanity among
segroes. lie belIeves it is because,
being -newer to civilization, the race
has nrot run through so many (different
arnd crucial experiences as the whitel
The Coinptroller for tile State
Roard<lMakeu Somte SutggeN- at
tiontsi to the General Aessmbly. t
The first of the annual reports of d
State ollilcials for this year is about to i
be issued by the public printer. It is si
that of Comptroller General D)erham as p
ihairmani of the State pension board. Ii
In the letter of transmittal to the Gen- O
iral Asembly he says:
I submit herewith the annual pen- ft
nion report of this oflice for the year st
[1902: ci
Under the acts passed at the last aI
ession of your honorable body, the fr
luty was devolved on the Compiroller p
leneral of expending $2,000 artificial $1
imb fund for the benefit of those who Il
Lad heretofore participat,ed in similar (Ii
pyropriations. The amount expended b(
or 87 approved applicants was ' i,- at
9.20. For your information I print
list of the applicants with their state- P(
aents, which gives reasons why they in,
articipated in this appropriation. An 01
xamination of the Act and the appli- 1>I
ations will at once reveal to you the at"
ifliculties under which an oflicial labors al
li (ealing with a matter of this kind. wI
construed the Act to mean that ra
(here a Confederate soldier had here- Ca
ofore participat,ed in such an appro
riation, he was entitled to his pro rata
hare of the $2,000 appropriated from
ie pension fund, and where they
ade alidavits that they had hereto- '1
)re participated I approved their ap
I have attached under the head of
[o. 8, a list of those applying for the
rtificial limb w!:o were disapproved, th
ad the rensons why. Under the head CI
f No. 9, 1 give a list of applicants for N
rtilleial limb fund, whose applications n
rer received after the money was dis- fr
ributed. An examination of these pa- of
era leads me to believe that they are la
ntitled to a sum equal to that paid to fo
ther approved applicants-$?"i.98 r,,
This department has experienced tii
reat difliculty in securing a proper ar
lassification of applicants. If this 1
iatter is given careful consideration il
y the various pension commissioners it
n1d county pension boards, 1 believe a .'
roper classification can be secured. ci
n order to do this, it will be necessary si
or each applicant to uke the blank of
uit.ed to his or her case. We have pi
'eeu confused very much by county 1-8
oards sending in applications ap- ti
roved, while at the same time tihe par- hi
ies applying were *oi the pension roll tl
f the preceding y.ar. Wherea slight p,
ifference in the name of the post- (
>1ce existed, the State board was often la
.t a loss what disposition to make of rc
uch application.
I realize that the reports of to-day d
.re the recorded history of the future.
laving that in mind, I have not spared a
ime or pains in furnishing the fulleal. al
nformation possible. First, in this tc
eport, after the introductory, comes S
ho rules issued for the guidance of u
ounty pension coinmissioners and
ounty boards. Next the copy of the gl
ension laws now of force; next a ta
ale showing tihe total expendhiture of
unds, numb)er of pensioners, and num
aer of appiroved app1licanits for art,iflcia P
imb fund, etc., etc., and( statement 01k
xpenditure of stationery andl stamp P'
undl, etc. I give a t,able showing th n
mimber of pensioners in the count,y in
9)01; number who have since died, "
vho have removed from the State, 0]
hose transferred to other counties, who
save been diropped by the county board,
md those transferred to other classes.
i. st,atemuent of tile neCw applicants, ir
hose transferred from ot,her counties )
mud those transf erred from other class
s, the balance showing t,he number and f
liasses of tihe pensioners in t,hat coun
y for 1902. To this is att,ached a list 4'
>f the names of those who have died, 4
~emoved from thle State, moved to n
t.her counties, diroppedl by counlty r
Joardl, or transferred to ot,her classes.
With tis stat,ement before the pen- 1
110on comlmissionlers and counity hoards,'
thiey will be able to do t,heir work in ab
more satisfactory manner than poss- i
bly ever before.
At this OF COUstTr. g
Athstime there are remaining in a
thle hainds of some of the clerks of 01
court in the State balances of pension a
funds. This arises from the fact that, I
after the applications are passedl on by b
the county boards and sent to the State h
board, and even after the lists are i
made up and the money sent to the n
clerks of court, approved applicants za
for pensions die. Where the (deceased I
pensioner leaves a widow who is over a
ri0 years of age, the State board an- s
thorizes -the payment of the same to a
the widow, but where the approved a
pensioner is a widow, there is no one f,
to whom this board can authorize the ~
clerk of court to pay the same. In
some instances.it is claimed by,the
children; in other instanCes b)y the par
ties who wish.the same to pay burial d
expmnses, for medicine and( other sup- .A
plies. The board has acted under in- a
structions from tile Attorney General's I'
office, and have declined to instruct 0
the' clerks of court to pay thls money
out other than as above stated.
I believe that South Carolina has a
pension law that will compare favor-i
ably with that of any other State. The
law is practically new andl untred, and
tinte and experience is the onuly test,
biy which it cani 1be properly judged.
If, in your wisdhom and judgmnt, you
(decide that, changes andl amendments
are aein!fv twnear,y. I ak tht you
o not entail on the Confederate sol
lors and widows the burden of making
ew applications, where they are now
n the pension roll. We have to-day
n the roll names of a good many who
pplied in 1888, 1898 and 1900, and in
it last instance they found it y
illicult to make the necessary proof;
1 fact, parties heretofore on the pun
on roll who at that time could make
roof, are to-day unable to secure wit
esses as required by the law and rules
the State board.
I wish to call your attention to the
et that the appropriation of $120 for
atlonery and stamps is totally insulli
ent. An examination of any of the
ports for the last eight or ten years
ill show that this expenditure has
nounted to from three to live hun
ed dollars. Of courso under that
'ovisiont of the law which allows the
ate board to draw oin the pension
mnd for any necessary expenses in
sbursing the same, a situation has
en relieved which otherwise would
)p this work entirely.
Since the last meeting of the State
nsion board we have sustained a lose
the death of Capt. (. 11. MAleMaster,
e of our members, who was both
mnstaking and capable in his work,
d whlelo he gave careful scrutiny to
matters that caine before him, he
i8 liberal in dealing with his con
ties or their widows of the Lost
lie Agents of Railroads Need
Co-Operation Fromt the Peo
The o outhcrn fi'arm .Aiuya.inc says
at Governor McSweeney, of South
trolint, is in correspondence with a
ew York lirm relative to the settle
ent in South Carolina of iarmers
>m Finland. Two representatives
the farmers visited South Carolina
it summer, and they now seek in
rmiation about the cultivation of
gar-cane, cotton, tobacco, sweet
itatoes, Irish potatoes, the cereals
id difrent kinds of grasses, about
uber an1d other matteis bearing upon
rl uiit ure in the State. Clemson Col
ge has published many bulletins bear
g upon the information desired, and
ie hop-e(d that the movement from
nland may take form. But this in
lent illustrates the value of posses
n on the part of the Southern States
machinery for quickly assembling and
escuting in attractive formn just such
ets as those (lesired by the prospec
te Finnish settlers. South Caroliina
1s not such fan1 eq1tui11ment, th1ough
e necessity for it is recognized there.
)r instance, the Charleston E'cws
at Couricr, referring to the article in
at month's Southcru 1,rmw -11 Mwja:uic
viewing broadly the work for immi
ation to the South and its results,
" What has been (lone, or is being
me, and by whom, to turn ithis way
part of the tide of new population
id resulting 'prosperity' that appears
be flowing into other States in the
me section in such volumne? We ar's
lable to answer the question, amo we
ar that the answer would not be a
atifying one if anyone could give it.
llere is no report fiom any source o'
nmigrat,ion' from the Noithi or
ort,h west or anywhere else int,o any
irt of t.he Stat,e, and we have 1no
owledge of anly 'in fluence' b)eing em
oyedl in thle effort, to indluce such a
ovemnent, unless the land agents of
0 railroads which traverse the St,ate
e so engaged. Certainly no oflier
agent or agenlcy representinig the
~ate is dlevotedl t.o hie work. There
none1 that is p)repared to give eveti
iO most simlo informat,ion res.itdIin'
dlust,rial and investment conciiti.flm
any part of its territory when si ugh
r st,rangers. An occasional dispatchi
om Columbia reports that, a prosp(c
r or hioimseeker ill some other part,
the count,ry has written to the gov
nor asking for facts conceriling such
atters, and when such an inq(uiry is
ceivedl by him it is always published
r the att.ention of the public general..
.There is nobody in particular t,o
homn to refer it. it, is 'cycryb)ody's
isiness,' with results which are mani
Thle NVews amfl C.ourier is correct in
s belief that the agent,s of railroads
ic act,ive in effort.s t.o bring immi
rant,s into tho State, but those efforts
'ould be so much mnoro successful if
icy were suistainied by local energies
[ad b)y co-operat,ion of the Stat.e. Thlese
'inns are of a class which wouldl
enefit, the Stat,e in making their
omes there, andl once that were done
would unidouibt,cdly indullce a larger
ligration of an equnally desirable cle..
ient fromn ot.her Europcan nat,ions.
,et South Carolina, through its ollicials
nd through its ind~ivi ual citizens,
brengthen tile hiands off the railroad'
gents in immigration work. Wi thmn
few years there will lie no occasion'
>r the. et-iticism which the News amdII
1ourier has8 justly made.
it, is *ogtin'ated that,tho annual pro
utdion di broom corn in 7,1fe Un Itod
talps is 35,f,i1 tons. One'ton makes
botst 100" ddzdn bro'oins, 40 that ti,h
ossiblo yearly; outputys about 42,000,.
00 brooms.
Ypr Infants and Children.
rhe Kind You Have Atways Bought
Sigature of
the Experiecee of nt Farliter in
South lankota Withl an Arte
Sian Well.
At r. L. C. Burnett, a truck farmer of
Nebraska, who has been studying the
cflects of soil washing upon the land
from which the soil is wushed est,imaten t
that into the (uif of Mexico is poured
every year from the lands of the 2
Mississippi valley rich soil enough to
cover one foot (feel) 105,120 acres, and r
he believes that the heavy rains in I
Kansas and Nebraska this year des- t
troyed more wealth in those States e
than that represented by the millions a
of Rockefeller. Ile suggests not o'1ly s
tree planting to promoto a balancing v
of moisture condition and for a preven- 1
tion of floods and washouts, but the n
building of dams and temporary ponds (,
and lakes to hold back the waters until ti
they drop their fertile sediment. lie g
has put his suggestions into effect on e
his own farm, and says that he has al- e
ready gotten from his neighbor's farina ti
one foot of rich soil one rod wide and p
six miles long, and he believes that if a
every farmer in his county would hold cl
back the water as he does, the count,y li
would soon have 10,368 acres of the il
linest neadow soil in the world.
This experience of Mr. Burnett is tt
worthy of imitation in some parts of
,he South. It iocalls the experience t(
f a faimer of South Dakota. IIe s<
lived live or six miles from the county- it
loat, whei e a search was being made iH
for artesian water. The wells in that ti
part of the country are quite keep, and w
trtesian water is struck in a sandstone b
formation which comes to the surface hi
where the Missouri river washes the 11
western boundary of the State. The w
well in this particular county-seat had til
reached a depth of 1,100 or 1,200 feet 11
without satisfactory results, when the ha
:ncoming of winter compelled the ces- si
iation of operations. The boring II
inachi ery and tools, etc., were cover- H
ed at the well's mouth with boards, I
[nd shortly afterward were lost under if
three or four feet of snow. One night t,
the inhabitants of the county-seat a
were alarmed by horrible rumblings
and qluakings, and rushing from their b
homes discover,d] that the well of itself p
had br(.ken loose and was sending S
forth a magniflcent stream of hot water. ac
Befot o the flow could be captured mil- c
lions or gallons of water had found (
their way down hill to the property of w
the farmer six miles away, and had LI
turned it inti' a lake. Hot foot, the V
next morning he came to town and in- atl
rltltuted suit for damages against the kt
county-scat. As most of such suits, 'v
thi' one moved1 slowly. Befot e it. had p
(omet to trial t,he lake disappoar'd ai ti
the farmer had determined to make an i'
experiment in planting corn. That a
season was an unusuahty hot and dry
one. For miles and miles the corn i1
crot was a failure, but against the *
short and puny growths or shriveled k
stalks and blades of his neighbors' (r
crops stood forth in miagnificent green p
a luxuriant growth of the suing farmer's s
crop. About the time for cutiing he at
called upon .is attorney to urge him 1'
to press the suit. " Aly friend," said +
the lawyer in reply, " let me suggest tJ
that you drop this suit, for I happen to ii
know that the county is pm epmring to e
sue you for thec dif erenco bet WeCei
what,your crop will br'ing and what i:
would niot have brouight. had your fa :
not been iniatvertently tloodn i 1 .'
winter by the town's artesimi ie I.''
-The irst, II~ M ' IX..itmen w ll ., N O
labor in a 'otton Octory w . .cu.
C hiarlesIton, S. C. 'J 1Im . n: oeul wasi
ute.sat.ir factohry u id f: - iact~org)~soon.
elosd dwn. llywavr, this Lest was
not, anlie u:.dor favorable circumn
s noces. Tac factoisy was situat,cd too h
hwar thu wat,r It is a not,orious fact,V
that negro labor is unri ehbe ailoni ~
water courses. Next to a watermlon-,
a fish is the (dearest, thing to a negro's 1
hleart and( plalate, and whore the supply J
of fish is abundant, the matter of living "
is so ch)eap anal easy that tile ne(gro is
indlifferent to regular, emlploymuen,.
Besides, ini Charleston there are too P
mniy street, paradles, camp-mIeetingst,
excursions, festivals arnd cheap tlieatri- I
cals. 1t is (diflicult to keel) t.he negroI
st,eadlily at alny sort cf work where
such events so largely 1111 up life. A '
more dlecisive test of tihe fItness of'ne
gro lab)or for cotton mills is now being
made at, the Coleman coLton mill of
North Carolina. Th'le mill is owhed
anda operatedl by. regroes. Th6Ii siLte-'S
in the .Piedmiionte section of the 8tate
one mile from t,he cit,y of Conpord.
Trho capitaliziation oft the mill is $,100,.
'000, of -which s00,000 has5, been paid
in. The subscribers to the stoel5 a're
scattered throughout the St,ate ,..ahd
nunwber ab)out 35i0. ',Dhe subscriptions
vary from $825 to $1 ,000; and are pay:
able1 in'. insazkuentg-Gunton's -Maga.
ziie.. . -. -0
,Walnut' sttumps L6av aesumed an'
where an' - Ida firm hasieoqin , bpying
all that It canj lay hands Ulion.LThe
et,unip,of a tree, fei[edeieveral yearh aigo.
'cobs'e(fene,ly rongit inore than its
trulik and. branches fognrl,li4Ti
ugIier--and knatt.tr the QtumpUth e:bh
ter t,he, prite. - it'is said th'pttl4c aluin'a
e used in makind veoncerlag.imatertal
used jat tke' zjpamifacture of high-grade
J. 'P. -Morgan &, .Ao.,' dlurig gtrx
present year are estimat,er to have 're
ceived $42,100,000 in1 profltN f~' 2
gineeting. great. coim liations ''ho'
greatest proflt 'w'as It riprot.,ohg thg'
United States Steel--(Gorpoi-at op, hid
this is p)ut at $20,340,000. g,Sv~
combinations are yet to be heirt i :
ii1414 AR' IlAS A 0001) I'lTAl
rite Negro Northt aned 'oitt
A Grtcef'u1 Contipitinnt it
Paid Hlin.
M tanta Consatitnltionl.
M1iy Northern friend who asked cm
o hold up on the negro and let him g<
ea-I has sont mec a clipping from f
ewport paper and says: Here is
oud text for your next letter. II
cals as follows: " Newport, Octobe:
4.-At, a meeting of the school comi.
iittee today, (leorgo Illlis and wife
bjeetcd to having their son taught by
colored teacher antd said that if their
an was not admitted to another school
'here the techer was white they
'oubl keep hai at homle. 'Ihe coml
tittee rfulsed to change lun tnd
rditod the boy to i arretaLi as a
'una. Tihe fathier filed a plea of noI t
iiilty atal the case will go to the high
r court and be tested." ''hey have
>l pulrory education there. I t seems
it this teacher is the daughter of a
reacher, who is the A merican consul
, St. TI'>mas. lie is it loyal liepubli.
in atid there is polities in it, and the
Iv whitcs are inl the minority. She
lay be one of the 100 that Watter
mn is Lroublel about, and so I will
irn over the text, to him.
''ho same mail that brought tme the
xt, brought a letter from my grand
mn, who is in the employ of the West
gheuse Company, of I'ittsburg, anld
an electric engineer andl is now put
ug downt a plant at Utica, N. Y. lIe
rites that his contractor had A mni
>r if white mlen employed, but as
bor was scarce ie picked up an idle
3gro aind told him togo to work. The
hite m1en rebelled violently against,
ts and threatenledl to ciuit, and so the
gro had to be sent off. When I was
,t in Mississippi the barber wllo
itvet me10 said he catmle down frotn
linois on accotunt of his healti and
as antlidel to fimd white folks down
're patronize legro h1'arbers, itntl that.
one dlaret to open a shop in1 any
wiw in Illinois he would he Imi-bbe,l
id1 runl out of t,he place.
Like 1,nlituO's ghost, this race pro
lem will not lownu. It has as m;my)\"
b1ases as there ate titmes alI plat is.
tortly after the warl the Yankt:e
hool marims hurried down here to
ucatu the negro, but they soon tired
it and went, back. Now ia ncgro
011nant has gone up there to teach
eir white children. That is all ightt..
/e don't caro. As (aobe says: It's
I optio)naly with me1.'' Now I will
, the negro go dead for awhile. It.
ill take iany years yet to si tIt-e the
rohlemll, but, it will be A:tleid. h'le
ol 1'aCes wt)rk togetiher very hritrn.n.
lils ) :ti (*'I " I~ 1 it i l .e (ti l",ll '. aM.1 wYt:
Pt 1'.t.0111 I,ad ir, Oiwr - I, i:loln,
I wish I nItt e , tu C% unnuint iy htaul as
mniy blossin)-! as Wi-. - j 1y No
niike, nliunters nor mihel"sge1' ol f t oany
uild--tno street. light,, no cussitg, no
clones nor floods nor famine---no
iistlenc;e, no fires. We havo gootd
:hools, good churches, good preachers
Id good humble congt ogations.
very church has a nico coinfort
)le h<one for tile prircher" atm1l
e, is itu more for the preHid
ig elder. We have a good sociable
inltunit y ' i', -Iuckupl families.
I.t 'vi .-to, .I .' I. lks put on any
r., o .-l iw n. . i s. I visitedi them~
I am .tt.m i g strontg atirain andlu wlYtk
i o, town liast, week for the fiIrst Ltime
a th11 0e m1 >ttthts--wheno I came htoume
1~iyit 'if htok her list att me alnt sid:
I believe yout witlI ontlive me *ye ."
'roin th e tne of tier votce I . thought
taybo shte was madt( aibot,t it. We
itve ' eatrly compldo ud t,he liniest courit.
OUSe ini the State. 1I. is ini fitli
iew frotm the winidow wherte I write,
nd( I never get tiredl of luolpnog at, the
eautifl domie that, shinis like silver
i the suni. "' A thling of beautty is ta
*)y forever."' (Our gairdein isJ now
ilornetd with b)eauttful roses anid I. t
Ilem every muorning aind my wife al.
>ws tne to. send them to the pretty
lri-no, I meanti to thle anucitent mioth-~
re in our neighborhood. . My 'wife is
cculiar about, that.
At nilght I have to hipej a' prett)
issie with her arithmetic and algebri
nid Latin. I get .stalled 'sonicitahe~s
ut we generally get through all right,
Vo have a telephone and'( my daugit
er, Whot).lives ia mile itway, .has Onte
elephtones here and1( outr lassie tcl
ier 'over the 'phtic how Sto .dtq it
iiometimes it takes many liguros, miii
iplyinlg and( dividing, etc., andt if ther
h a mistake. miade of only onle figur
tear .the beginning it, runs -through t
he end and gets bigger and bigger- a
I; gos And so mty lassie is (diHtI:
)iointed -bicaulse ihie did 11bL')et, tib
msawer. Then I go -over all the.ilgurc
faraf4il1y aind' find tl)e eirror, andi sh
lits't toJ do over inatin. - -
.!ust se,it, is with our'hahiM htittl cot
ug.. If a little boy tel-fHis or t
rios, the habai(ill grpov .pu himn ft;
by the .tmnalt h ii.gr'own lie Wili t,e
io.s. I,f a' boy it'p's kn ius with ,a
fther boy and ceaets hitry he .gvi, g
into a habit of 'chenting-ip p t,radeu at
nob.osly. ,'vill trusRt hin.' Whe'i Tlo
lion4inw'J n.the flt%t time a gan<
date fdr.dflied,*Wds held,o fJit th
wheubhe was a s~dhool boy Ie' tlb'
knitefom,siiiboy niaTog
it up and take aWhippinsg.: -r&n<1 so.
said thitit Iqniftgeory was just' a~ go
cal 1l8egbuto U.v k nown -polttor
Who wbuld at L,ives and lie, too.
tifo otersdayed4iat was as ple)asant
it jii uneite40 Th -fat6n d
yds~ aftd7 she :Gajhbun--.wy
h0f t itni 4th. funeral bi. 00
. Harris. After that sad mission was
over they joined with our local bar and
- our Judge and visited me in a body in
my sick room and did me special l3onor.
For a while wc exchanged wit"and wis
(dol anl pleasant aneCdotos. I shall
not forgot their kind and grateful visit
as long as I live-such things. are
worth being sick for.
And we had a baby show yesterday
at my daughter's home. She has a
line little boy a yeal old who is begin
ning to walk and talk. So she gave a
dining to two young mothers, who each
had a little girl a year old and they,
too were learning to walk. It beat the
Atlanta horse show to see the three
little tots tottering across the roorn as
merry as larks as they tried to show
of', sometimes 'colliding and falling
down-thuen up again and on another
round. It was a pretty'fl.iNn('their
mothers were proud and happy. A
young mother is the proudest creature
on earth. She is always calm and se
on1e."' BILL Ant'.
Modern Mctho(ta to He Applied
to Texus Rice Fields.
Twenty-flive thousand acres of rice
land .irrigated by wells operated by
electricity from a centra'l power-house;
free power and free seed - for tenants,
tenants piaying one-half the crop to the
land-owuurs, and sending the tenants'
share of the crop to the central mill to
be milled at current rates; light to be
furnished at nominal cost by the een
tral power-house; no farm of less than
20) acres, and no tenants who have
not proved themselves capable farmers;
tenants to have the privilege of plac
lig their half of their crops in the hands
of the- mill a marketing agent.
The project is"that of U. W. IIahl,
of Ilouston, Texas, and is outlined as
folloWs in the New Orleans Times
I )omocrat:
''.ianl irrigation is (ependent Uponl
surface watei- supply, which is sul)ject
to drouth. In such times, if the water
in the canal be low, or the supply from
the canal is fed or limited, the farmors
furtliei' from the pumping plant (1o not
are as well as those nearer the plant.
"' 'lhroughoul, the 25,000-acre tract
owned by the 'corpor_ttion, test wells
at frequo it intervals of distance have
proved the existence of, a water supply
whiich gives iidications of being cer
tai anld nexhaustible. The supply is
relatively near the surface, and rises
inl the wells to within about ten feet
of tib surface under. norm'd condi
tions, and it ig presumed that even in
severe droudi the suINurface pressure
will mioltain the water in the wells at
a depth uit a few feet' rutt~ i than
"lThe tenants must supply their
own farming implements, stock, etc.
The corporation will furnish the power
for the puliips, the connections may
be made to operat,e the pump or pumps
on each farm by either the tenant or
by the powerhouse on application of
the tenant.
" It is probhle that the power-house
will also supply electric light for all
telatt who want such lights, the ten
a-ts paying a nominal price. Light
can be furiinishe( at sna11 udditional
cost to the power-house, and the cor
oratl.ion will rely for its protits on its
im per cent. of eachd t,inant's product
ai.nl tle prolit at current rat,es of mill
ing all thie tenants' share of the aggre
gate crop.
"lThie projoet is co-operative, but,
niot honeientet and iio land will be let
e atiy tenanut who is not financially
411(1 otherwise capable of operating a
3O0-aicro farm Tue present plan is to
let, farmus (of from 200 to 300 acres.
" The p)ower-house will supply pow-.
er for the mill as .well as the pumpls.
"'Professor Knapp recent,ly pointedl
out, that, tihe ob)stacle in the waiy of ex
tenision of'...t4c-.,rice-growitng industry
was tile (diflculty of guaranteeing an
ad(equhate irrigation 'Supply f rom the
stirface streams,' said Mr. Hahl. 'We
have solved this problem. Subsnrface
water rising to within ~a few feet of
the surface, electric power to lift it to
ititutes were held and were attended
. by over half a piillion farmers. The
institutes were" held sin forty-three
State6 and T.vrritories. D)uring tile
1,.st, three-years.the progress has been
if aiqythirhg greater than at alny profi
ouis tine-th'oiigh tieexact figures are
tiot y6, Collated.' It ia safe to say that
now in this, coun try over $200,000 is
b)eing spent ahnual'ly for farmers' in
" very bourbon- whiskey distillery
im Kentycky," says a Louisville die
patch to' the 'Chicago Chronicle,
"nulmbering over 100, is closedi down,
lhie-distllersi saying the price of corn
- is so. hlighi . that they cannot afford to
o o#erate the plants. They will wait,
Suntil'th&riew corn is put on the mar
e kct. This condhitAon~ has caused an in
-creased gempnd for 'bourbon whiskey,
.app, pruices are ad'ancing every (lay.
SWttl th.lrat..month the price of all
tthe standlard.brama'has gone up nearly'
I ei cosjt~
DiredtMj :Go - . .Roberts, of the
dI UmteS48o ilj, has made a final
at est,a o.0 the proiluction of gold and
.allverT thiN'%iit'ed States in the year
at 1%Y-, thib*3uout being $111,705,100.
E' The:vgiigg of. gold ,produced was $78 ..
e 660,9.0,. ai of' 'silver $33,128,40&.
e Thl ffioi1i torbbn enormous sum to
a afi5troI*gega.rth In twenty Stat'es
?al,Irrik.p,ee, blit the farmers of a
is .,in 21,tattake'l*I owa produce from
tbebf firblee~hat amount In value
every year.
asix Enigements have been made for
dW ~c ugghe hosadBoer families
4 , p..itso1rit bbut sixty miles from ut,
'cIt"l s a- ---

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