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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, December 11, 1902, Image 1

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VOL 12.-NO. 43. PICKENS S. C., THURSDAY, I)ECEMBER 11, 1902.
- ...--.-..--s,wr r .ra.... .... w r... r .. ..ON E DOLLAR A YEA
Regulate the Trusto--Let the
Tariff Alone an(d Provide Re
ciprocity With Cuba.
The most important features of
President Roosevelt's annual message
are contained in the following ex
In my message to the present Con
gress at its lirst session I discussed at
length the question of the regulation
of those big corporations commonly
doing an Inter-State business, often
with some tendency to monopoly,
which are popularly known ae trusts.
The experience of the past year has
empliasized, in my opinion, the desira
bility of the steps I then proposed. A
fundamental requisite of social efil
ciency is a high standard of individual
energy and excellence; but this is in
io wise inconRistnnt, with nower to act
in combination for aims which cannot
so well be achieved by the individual
acting alone. A fundamental base of
civilization is the inviolability of prop
erty ; but this is in no wise inconsis
tent with the right' of society to reg
ulate the exercise of the artificial
powers which it confers upon the
owners of property, under the name of
corporate franchises, in such a way as
to pre-ent the misuse of these powers.
Corporations, and especially combina
tiens of corporations, should be manag
ed under public regulation. Ex
perience has shown that under our
system of government the necessary
supervision cannot be obtained by State
action. It must, therefore, be achiev
ed by national action. Our aim is not
to do away with corporationis; on the
contrary, these big aggregations are an
inevitable development of modern in
dustrialism, and the effort to destroy
them would be futile unless accom
plished in ways that would work the
utmost mischief to the entire body
politic. We can do nothing of good in
the way of regulating and supervising
these corporations until we fix clearly
in our minds that we are not attacking
the coirations, but endeavoring to
do away with any evil in them. We
are not hostile to them; we are merely
determined that they shall be so
hand led as to subsurve the public good.
We draw the line against misconduct,
not against wealth. The capitalist
who, alone or in conjunction with his
fellows, performs some great industrial
feat by which he wins money is a well
doer, not a wrong-doer, provided only
he works in proper and legitimate
lines. We wish to favor such a man
when he does well. We wish to
supervise and control his actions only
to prevent him from doing ill. Publi
city can do no harm to the honest co
poration; and we need not be over
tender about sparing the dishonest cor
In curbing and regulating the com
binations of capital which are or may
become injurious to the public we
must be careful not to stop the great
enterpises which have legitimately re
duced the cost of production, not to
abandon the place which our country
has won in the leadership of the intei
national industrial world, not to strike
dowvn wealth with the result of closing
factories and( mines, of turning the
wage-worker idle in the streets and
leaving thle fai:mer without a market
for what lie grows. Insistence upon
the inpossible means delay in achiev
ing the p)ossible, exactly as, on the
other hand, the st,ubborn defence alike
of what is good and what is bad In the
existing system, the resolute effort to
obstruct any attempt at betterment,
b)etrays blindness to the historic truth
that wise evolution is the sure safe
guard against revolution.
No~ more important subject can come
before the Congress than this of the
regulation of Inter-State business.
This country cannot afford to sit supine
on the plea tie.t undler our peculiar
system of government we are helpless
in the presence of new conditions, and
unable to grapple with them or to cut
out whatever of evil has arisen in con
nection with them. The power of the
Congress to regulate Inter-State com
merce Is an absolute and unqualified
grant, and without limitations other
than those prescribed by the Constitu
tion. The Congress has constit,ut,ional
authority to make all laws necessary
and proper for execiuting this power,
andl I am satisfied that this power has
not been exhausted by any legislation
now on the statute books. 1t Is evi
(lent, therefore, that evils restrictive
of commercial freedom and entaling
restraint upon national commerce fall
within the regulative power of the
Congress, and that a wise and reason
able law would be a necessary and
proper exercise of Congressional au
thority to the end that such evils should
be eradicated.
I believe that monopolies, unjust
dliscriminations, which provent or
cripple competition, fraudulent over
capitalization, and other evila in trutt
organmzations and practices which in
j urlously affect Inter-State trade can
,e prevented under the power of the
Uongress to "regulate commerce with
foreign nations and among the several
States " through regulations and re
quirements operating directly upon
such.,con.nerA '4Je instrumentalities
tisereof, and thde's igaged thierein.
I to netl ec mn this subject
to ,h cnsdeatonof: the ongress
with. ai view to the passage of a law
reasonable in its provisions and ef.
feotive in its operatidns, upon wmich
the qutestions can be finally adjidicat.
ed that now raise (doubts as to th<
necessity of constititional amendment
If it prove impoisible to accomplisl
the purposes ab0ve set forth by such a
law, then, aegtiredlly, we should not
shrink from ame,uing the Coustitu
tion so as to secure beyond peradven.
ture the power sought.
The Congress has not heretofore
made any appropriations for the better
enforcement of the anti-trust law as it
nowstands. Very much has been
done by the depaltment of justice in
securing the enforcement of this law,
hit much more could be done if Con.
gross would make a special appropria
tion for this purpose, to be expended
under the direction of the Attorney
One proposition advocated has been
the reduction of the tariff as a means
of reaching the evils of the trusts
which fall within the category I have
described. Not merely would this be
wholly ineffective, but the diversion
of our efforts in such a direction would
mean the abandonment of all intelli
gent attempt to do away with these
evils. Many of the largest corpora
tions, many of those which should
be included in any proper scheme of
regulation, would not be affected in
the slightest degree by a change in the
tariff, save as such change interfered
with the general prosperity of the
country. The only relation of the
tariff to big corporations as a whole is
that the tariff makes manufactures
profitable, and the tariff remedy pro
posed would be in effect simply to
make manufactures unprofitable. To
remove the tariff as a punitive measure
directed against trusts would inevitably
result in ruin to the weaker competi
tors who are struggling against them.
Our aim sh-suld be not by unwise tariff
changes to give foreign products the
advantage over domestic products, but
by proper regulation to give domestic
competition a fair chance; and this
und cannot be reached by any tariff
changes which would affect unfavor
ably all domestic competitors good and
bad alike. The question of regulation
of the trusts stands apart from the
guostion of tariff revision.
Stability of economic policy must al
ways be the prime economic need of
this country. This stability should
not be fossilization. The country has
acquiesced in the wisdom of the protec
ive tariff principle. It is exceedingly
undersirable that this system should be
aestroyed or that there should be
violent and radical changes therein.
Dur past experience shows that great
prosperity in this country has always
come under a protactive tariff; and
t,hat the country cannot prosper under
[litul tatilr lnutiages at snort luturvults.
Moreover, if the tariff laws as a whole
work well, and if business has pros
pored under them and is prospering,
it is better to endure for a time slight
inconveniences and inequalities in
iome schedules than to upset business
by too quick and too radical changes.
[t is most earnestly to be wished that
we could treat the tariff from the stand
point solely of our business needs. It
is, perhaps, too much to hope that
partisanship may be entirely excluded
from consideration of the subject, but
at least it can be made secondary to
the business interests of the country
that is, to the interests of our people
as a whole. Unquestionably these
business interests will best be served
it together with fixity of principle as
regards the tariff we combine a system
which will permit us from time to time
to make the necessary reapplication of
the principle to the shifting national
needs. We must take scrupulous care
that the reapplication shall be made in
such a way that it will not amount to
a dislocation of our system, the mere
throat of which (not to speak of the
performance) would produce paralysis
in the business energies of the com
munity. .Vhe first consideration in
making these changes would, of course,
be to preserve the principle which un
derhes our whole tariff system -that
is, the principle of puttihg American
business interests at least oni a full
equality with interests abroad, and of
always allowing a suflcient rate of
duty to more than cover the difference
between the labor cost here and
abroad. The well-being of the wage
worker, like the well-being of the tiller
of the soil, should be treaited as an
essential in shaping our whole econo
mic policy. There must never be any
change which will jeopardize the stan
dard of comfort, the standard of wages
of the American wage-worker.
One way in which the readjustment
sought can be . reached is by recipro
city tmeatles. It is greatly to be desired
that such itreaties may be adopted.
They can be used to widen our mark
ets and to give a greater field for the
activities of our producers on the one
hand, and on the other hand to secure
in practical shape the lowering of du
ties when they are no longer needed
for protection among our own people,
or when the minimum of damage done
may be disregarded for the sake of
the minimum of good accomplished.
If it prove impossible to ratify the
pendmg~ treaties, and if there seem to
bnoarant for the endeavor to exe
eute others, or to .amend the pendmng
treaties so that they can be ratified1
then the same end--to secure recipro
city-should be met by direet legisla
Wherever the tat iff conditions art
such that a need dthange cannot witl
advhntage be do by the alpplicatior
of the reeproci idea, then it can ba
made outright ba lowering of dutel
on a giveu pro4Ict. If possible, sued
ehange shou ld. a made only after th<
.fuliont cnsnadraat.mn by practials o
ports who should approach the subject y
from a business standpoint, having in t
vieN both the particular interests af- s
fected and the commercial well-being b
of the people as a whole. The ma- r
chinery for providing such careful in- a
vestiga,ion can readily be supplied. v
The executive department has already b
at its disposal methods of collecting s
facts and figures; and if the Congress a
desires additional consideration to that e
which will be given the subject by its ei
own committees, then a commission of Ia
business experts can be appointed t
whose duty it should be to recom- e
mend action by the Congress after a p
deliberate and scientific examination of e
the various schedules as they are af
fected by the changing conditions. The a
unhurriec: and unbiased report of this '
commission would show what changes p
should be made in the various sched- v
ules, and how far these changes could o
go without also changing the great h
prosperity which this country is now i
enjoying or upsetting its fixed econo
mic policy.
The cases in which the tariff can
produce a monopoly are so few as to el
constitute an inconsiderable factor in if
the question; but of course if in any p
ease it be found that a given rate of 3
duty does promote a monopoly which gi
works ill, no protectionist would ob
ject to such a reduction of the duty as w
would equalize competition. S
In my judgment the tariff on an- i
thracite coal should be removed and n
anthracite put actually, where it now si
is nominally, on the free list. This
would have no effect at all save in t
crises; but in crises it might be of a
service to the people.
How to secure fair treatment alike ai:
for labor and for capital, how to hold to
in check the unscrupulous man, to
whether employer or employee, with- Ju
out weakening individual initiative, p
without hampering and cramping the IJ
industrial development of the country, ti
is a problem fraught with great di-i. gr
culties and one which it is of the high- by
est importance to solve on lines of re
sanity and far-sighted common sense, ca
as well as of devotion to the right. to
This is an era of federation and com- ar
bination. Exactly as business men su
find they must often work through Wi
corporations, and as it is a constant W
tendency of these corporations to grow sh
larger, so it is often necessary for th
laboring men to work in federations, w
and these have become important fac- to
tors of modern industrial life. Both cfl
kinds of federation, capitalistic and
labor, can do much good, and as a
necessary corollary they can both do
evil. Opposition to each kind of or- a
ganization should take the form of op- D
position to whatever is bad in the con- a
duct of any given corporation or union 1.
-not of attacks upon corporations as
such nor upon unions as such; for wi
some of the most far-reaching benefi- W
cent work for our people has been ac- th
complished through both corporations gc
and unions. Each must refrain from (
arbitrary or tyrannous interference ri
with the rights of others. Organized o
capital and organized labor alike should kn
remember that in the long run the in- th
terest of each must be brought into w
harmony with the interest of the gen,- go
oral public, and the conduct of each to
must conform to the fundamental rules PC
of obedience to the law, of individual b.y
freedom, and of justice and fair deal- b
ings towardl all. Each should remuem
ber that in addition to power it must tb
strive after the realization of healthy, il
lofty and geneious ideals. Every em- th
ployor, every wage-worker, imustbe Li
guaranteed his liberty and his right to W1
do as lie likes with his property or his to
labor so long as he does not infringe W4
upon the rights of others, It is of the ti
highest importance that employer and in
employee alike should endeavor to ap- di
preciat,e each the viewpoint of the th
other and the sure disaster that will pl
come upon both in the long run if al
either grows to take as habitual an at- cil
titudle of sour hostility and dlistrust a
toward the other. Few people deserve ca
bett,er of the country than those repre- it
sentatives both of capital and labor- WJ
and1 there are many such--who work st
continually to bring about a good n- ei
derstanding of this kind, based uponb
wisdom and upon broad and kindly wi
sympathy between employers and1 em-s
ployed. Above all, we need to re-t
member that any kind of class ami-a
mosity in the political world is, if hb
possible, even more wicked, eveiik
more destructive to nat,ional wrelfare, tr
than sectional, race or religious ani- 0(
mosity. We can get good govern- C
ment only upon condition that we t
keep true to the principles upon which b)
this nation was founded, and judge h
each man not as a part of a class, but W
upon his individual merits. All that r
we have a right to ask of any man, a
rich or poor, whatever his creed, his 01
occupation, his birthplace, or his resi- c4
dence, is that he shall act well andi O'
honorably by his neighbor and by his 0'
country. We are neither for the rich at
man as such nor for the poor man as tl
such; we are for the upright man, rich s
or poor. So far as the constitutional nT
powers of the National Government d
touch these matters of general and f(
vital moment to the nation they should f(
be exercised in conformity wit,h the '9
principles above set forth. lh
It is earnestly hoped that a scre- ii
tary of commerce may be created, with o
a seat In the Cabinet. The rapid ii
multiphlcationi of questions affecting hi
labor and capital, the growth andl com
plexity of the organizations through tl
which both labor and capital now 111nd b
iexpression, the st,eadly tendency to- I1
ij wardl the employment of capital In I
huge corporations andl the wonderful e
strides of this country toward loader- ~
.shmp in 'the International business .
rorld justify an urgent, demand for
ha creation of such i position. Sub
Lantially all the leating commercial
odies in this country have united in
3questing its creation. It is desir
ble that some such imeasure as that
'lich has already pass ed the Senate
e enacted into law. The creation of
icl a department would in itstlf be
u advance toward (ealing with and
Yercising supervision over the whole
ibjoct of the great cor)orations doing
ri Inter-State business ; and wit I
liis end in view the Congress siiuld
'(dow the departnent, with I rge
Lwers, which could be increased as
rperience night show the need.
I hope soon to submit to the Senate
reciprocity treaty with Cuba. On
lay 20 last the United States kept its
romise to the island by formally
icating Cuban soil and turning Cuba
ocr to those whom her own people
id chosen as the tirst ollicials of the
3W republic.
Cuba lies at our doors, and what
cr affects her for goodt or for ill
fects us also. So niuch have our
opic feit tilis ti>at in the 'lat,
uendmuent we dellnitely took the
ound that Cuba must hereafter have
oser political relations with us than
ith any other Power. Thus in a
use Cuba has become a part of our
ternational political system. This
ikes it necessary that in return she
ould be given some of the benefits of
coming part of our economic sys
in. It is, from our own standpoint,
short-l:ighted and mischievous policy
tail to recognize this need. More
er, it is unworthy of a mighty and
nerous nation, itself the greatest
d most successful repulic in history,
refuse to stretch out a helping hand
a young and weak sister republic
st entering upon its career of iude
ndence. We should always fearless
insist upon our rihhts in the fac of
e strong, and we should vith un
udging hand do our generous duty
the weak. I urge the adoption of
-iprocity with Cuba not only be
use it is eminently for our own in
:ests to control the Cuban market
d by every means to foster our
premiacy in tiie tropical ian(is and I
ters south of us, but also because
1, of the giant republic of the North,
ould make all our sister nations of
a American Continent feel that
ienever they will permit it we dosire
show ourselves disinterestedly and
ectively their friend.
On July .1 last, on the one hundred
d twenty-sixt,h anniversary of the
.claration !of lndeplen(lence, peace
d amnesty were promulgated in the
ilippine Islands, Some trouble has
ice, from time to time, threatened
th the Mohammedan Moros, but
th the late insurrectionary Filipinos
c war has eitirely ceased. Civil
vernment has now been introduced.
>t only does each Filipino enjoy such
hts to life, liberty and the pursuit
happiness as ho has never before
own during the recorded history of
a islands, but the people taken as a
iole now enjoy a measure of self
vernment greater than that granted
any other Orientals by any foreign
wer and great,er than that enijoyedl
any other Orientals under their own
vernients, save the Japanese alone.
e'have not gone too far in grant,in
0se rights of liberty and self-govern
mnt; but we have cer'.amnly gone to
e limit that in the interest,s of the
ilipp)ine people thiemselves it was
so or just t,o go. To hiurry matters,
go faster tban we are now going,
>uld enitail calamity oii the people of
a islands. No policy ever enitered
uo by the American people has viin
matedl itself in more signal mannier
in the policy of holding the Philip
los. The triumphl of our arms, above
the triumph of our laws and piniI
>les, has come sooner than we had
y right to expect. Troe muchI praise
nuot be given to the army for what
hans doiie in thIe Philippines bot.h in
irfare andl from an administrative
mdopoint in preparing the way for
til government; and similar credit,
longs to tihe civil authorities for the
Ay iin which t,hey have planted the
eds5 of self-government in the ground
us made ready for thlem. TIhie cour
;e, the unthnchiing eindurance, t,he
ghi soldierly ellicieney andl the general
nid-hIearted ness and humanity of our
0ops have b)een strikingly manifest
I. There now remain only fifteen
ousanid troop)s in the islands. All
i, over one hiundred thousandl have
~en sent there. Of course, there
ive been individual instances of
rong-doing among them. T1hey war-,
od undIer fearful difilcultics of climate!
id surroundings; and under the strain
terrible provocations, which thay
mtinually receivedl from their foes,
:casionai inlstanlces of cruel ret,aliation
~curred. Every effort, has been made
prevent such cruelt,ies, and finally
ese efforts have been1 completely
recessful. Every effort has also b)een
adle to detect andl puniish the wrong
>ers. After making all allowances
or t,hese ndsd5(eeds5 it remains true t,hait
w indleed have been the instanoes in
huidh war has been waged by a civi
sed power against semi-civilized or
rbarous forces where there has been
> little wronlg-doing by the victors as
Sthe Philippine Islands.. On the
ther hand, the amount, of diflicult,
nportant and beneficent work which
as been done is woll-nigh Incalculable.
Taking the work of the army and
io civil authorities together, it may
e questi>nied whether any where else
1 modern times the world has geen a
etter example of real constructive
tatesmanship than our peop1)1. have
iven in thie PIllippine Islanids. High
raise should also be given those Fill
pinos, in the aggregate ycry runner- r
o0us, who have accepted the new con
ditions and joined with our representa
tives to work with hearty good will for
the welfare of the islalnls.
Iii no departient of overnmenital
work in recent years has there been
greater success than in that of gIving
Scientific aid to the farm ing popula
tion, thereby showing them how most
eiflicienItly to 1. cip themsiielves. rThere.
is no need of inisi.sting upon01 its im
p rta :ce, for the welfare of the farmer
i:, futanl ntally necessary to the wel
fare of the iepublic as a whole. In
addition to such work as quarantine
against anim:tl and vegetable piagues,
and warrimg aganst them when here
introduced, much ctlicient help has
been rendered to the farmer by the in
troduction of new plants specially a
fitted for cultivation under the
poculiar conditions existing in diifer
ont portions of the country. New
cereals have been established in the
semli-arid West. F or instance, the .
practicability of producing the best
ylyp of !miacarqni w1.ts i reinso
in annual rainfall of only ten inches
r thereabouts has been conclusively
lemonstrated. Through the introduc
ion of new rices in Louisiana and ln
'exas the production of rice in this
ountry has been made to about equal t
he home demand. In the Suthwest,
he possibility of regrassing over
stocked range lanlds has been demon
trated; in the North many new
orage crops have been intr(duced
vhile in the last it has been shown Ii
hat some of our choicest -fruits can he
;tored and shipped im such a way as to a
id a prolltable market abioad.
- - .-.. .- . cr
I MoRel Mill Village---Dani (1
to Cost. $100,000 inl Cotrse hr
of Constructionl. al,
3reenwood )aily Index.
Ware's Shoals on the Saluda is w
ultuated about lifteen mliles, roughly o
Ipeaking, northeast, of Greenwoo,1, ri
our miles east of itarmnore's, ia little to
lag station on the Southern betwCen or
[lodges and Donnald4, and twelve miles of
mest of Laurens. The shoals hero mo
lave at considerable fall in the course
f the river produciug a natural power, w
he value of which has been recognized w
or some time. The earliest settlers lo
) the river no doubt saw the value of si
he falls, for shoals are only water. so
alls on anl extended scale, and, here as (b
it ninny other pll ices, erected mill.i. I()
l'he old muill erect- d in the long aio at cr
WVaru's Shoals is : till stantlin,g. I is ot
know as Rasor's mill from the tact. i
that its last owner and operator was a I.
[iIr. Rasor. There are a number of 'I'
amilies of that name living ill the up- pl
)er sections of Greenwood and Laurens pt
:ounties. g
There have been numerous plans (.
md schemes proposed to develop the th
;reat power now going to wa4te at iT
Ware's Shoals. At one time years ago inl
len the Carolina, Knoxville u el au
Western Railroad was not only sur- of
ieyed, but even graded right to the tih
hoals, it seemed as if somethiig would di
eally bo done. The road went the th
vay of many roads, howevor, which is pi
o say that it, never anounted to any. at
.hiing and tihe dIreamiis of priomloters artI es
nvestors vanished like manyli otherc ait
)ipe direamlis. The old1 road b>ed is still ro
iisib)le and1( can be0 traced aft er leavinu -~
3reenwvood a few miles all t.he wvay to
he shoals. This roaid, it, wvill lbe re lo,
nemiibered, was to tiake mi (Cesbury, po
and its fast disapp1ealrinig grades can be at
seen in t,hat town. t h
Three or four years ago, manilly prom- ni
ninent, business 1men3 of ,aurIens 3and4 ill
omne of Greenwood interestod themn
celves iln the possibilitiles of Ware's m
shoals, andl as the comnmon say ing has at
I "blegan feelin' around'' to see what, ti
-,uldl be0 (done. T1he fIrst thing to do0 at
as1 to secure eniough hlnd on both
ides0 of the river bo0th at, andl above
hec shoals for tihe purposes of a large
nanufacturing enterprise, such as t,hey 11
prop)osed to build. Thle land1( at the n
ihoals and that necar by was b)ought lit
nce outright and the dlifferent ment- a'
bers began takmng options on other u
prop)ert,y unt,il they secured enoughl for
L,he proposed development. The first ~
land1( co:st in the neighborhood of torit
clollars an acre, it, is said, and tihe last b
b)rou)ght the gilt-edged price of fifty
alollars an acre. The land having c
ben securedl, the next st.ep was or
ganization. The mani who then came 1
to the front and who has still kept his
place was Nat B. Dial, banker and
attorney-at-law, of Laurens. Mr. Dial t
has been untiring in his efforts to
make the project a success andl it is by
no means out of place to say that the
project, thanks t,o his effort,s, is a suc
cess. Hie has succeeded in interesting
some1 of the most prominent mill men
in this and other States in the woi k
and he will soon have the pletisure of
seemng the waters of Saluda lashed in
to foam by the great turbines of the
Ware's Shoals Company's Power
House and the power thus wrestedl
from the river carried across hiills and
valleys and turning the thousandl(s of
spindles of the cotton mill a mile
The plans and speciflcat,ions for the
dam, power house, etc. wore drawn
by W. Othbbes Whaley, ilie well known
engineer of Columbia and Bloston. The
contract for building the (dain and
p'wer house was given to Snyder,
Oates, & Co., of Gastonla, N. C. T.
J. Snyder, of this firm, is qruite well
known here. lie was located for a
short while at Quarry near town, whuere
he had charge of the rock quarries
t,here, and furnilshed conisiderabls
granito for use in the different build
Jherokee Remedy of Uv
,ures Coughs, Colds, whoop
broat and Lung Troubles.
Vlullein and Honley. Your D
11gs (eCAd abuut that timle in Green.
vood. rir ydler is a sott-inIlaw of
. B. let jatm, Q (uarry of and has a
umber of frienl(h btth in that section
t(I Inl town. The firim of whi h lie is
member takes contracts for bu)ihblln :
hnms, railroad constructiont work and
ridge work. They have just tinished
fine dan in North Carolina, mi. re
ow engaged in grading at sec: i. n of
ituroa(1 in 'l'Tnnes ee. ''hey have
en at work on tIhc Vare's Shoals
ruject since thelite ii of Sep)tenber
id are already making a good t 5on
The work before thom at the shoals
to buid at (1aml of solid masonry
ross Saluda river, to dig ia canal
ree-(Iiltrters of a mile lOng froim the
stern end of this dam1 to the site of
0 p)owor house ad lastly the p)wer
use itself. Another comallny ha-1
e contract for building the houses
d mill builkhng. Several cottages
e alreatly been put ipl and somo of
ese are occupied by fainmilies con
(ted vith the work.
The great dam which Snyder, (ates
Co., have to buii is to be of
us-%nry, mamiothi pieces of granito
1d together by c ment. The dam
11 be completed twenty-seven feet
g, twenty live feet thick at the base
tl six feet thick at the top and about
l hurnIred feet wide, or the wilith
the i%, at the poin t were the dam
oses. Then are to be five sluices
the dam. The wall of muasonry is
r'tdy eIil inilng to appear oil the
reenwo Od Side of the river. [>rob
ly lifty feet of the width lhas been
lilt and the edge of the river has just
out. betn reachetl. It, lacked on'ly i
wv feet. of hlavinl'g the desirel hei,lt.
hen the river is reached, ct ff'er dauns
ill have to be built inl order I( vork
i the regular diamu. 'lhe bed of the
ver at the poilt where the (amn is
cated is composed of gratnlite, ani im
der to get a footing at sort of irt>ovc
sunken ridge will have to bw uiade
order to give a footing to the d:1n.
The canal which will cal-.rry the
atet froml th (han to Iti l)owt r hflse
ill be about three <luau ters of a nile
ng. Its depth and width will be of
Ilicient, dlluesions to hold with
fety the volune of water which will
>w through iI. It will follow the
othills along the river making at cir
itous route. At ptreslt it is atbout
t f0 Itrth ciomicLttO. The cost, of the
ll atl caal will be in the neighbor
;ol of one liidred thousand dollars.
he contractors have a year to col
ete this job in, alnd judiing by their
esent pro-ress will make it. The
anite ted in the construction of the
mll is secured on the spot just lllow
e damron ( tilh( ("reonwood side of tho
v'er. The work here is exec-,hmgly
t ertsti"'!. A bout, one humdr'l e
% unh>iiu, 1 ii thii i work of getting
it tramlte, taking cement an(1 laying
e roc;k. Ti rt are two tremendous
rlicks which are us(l in handling
e rock, one at, the q1:1rry aI on to
ace the pieces on the dam. Both
c cuntilelcd bSteat engines ma.n,de
othier engaine ii used for running the
ek eruisherp. ,Julst below the crusher
Slatrge Iplat formt on whtich the cement
miade. F.rom thlis phrttform it isi
1(d(d 0n a t ramn car and( thon trans
ii ted to the: derrick nex t to the (lam,
ill the ears li fLed up aind unloaded oin
the quarary.
Snyder, (Oates & CJo., have a com-.
iRsarty Onl the groundsa, their otlice
id sleeping quarters for the bosses,
'o mn and also0 stables for thew mules
1(1 horses.
Women ar*e built so quieerly that
icre can he no regular system of
casuring them up.)
Au engaged couple can be happy
iywhere, and1( aft.er they are maricdA
ihappy mi just, as many p)laces.
You can generally tell by the things
man doesn't ct the next, morning
io things he dlidn't, drink the night
ef ore.
The man who wouldnf't be a fool
ver the right~ woman dIoesn't dleserve
have the right woman be a fool ovei
TiheC trouble with girls is that they
dulterate sentiment with seutimen
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have Always Boughi
8iguiture of
HI ayneswer 'th, Par'ker & R blinns
A tIooys-at-Law,
Plokens 0. HI., - - Souit.hCarohli
PractIce In all CoiurCs. At,tomil to a
Luinessl promnptly.
W-Monov to loan.
rot Gum D Mullein
ng Cough, LaGri ppe and all
Made of Pure Sweet Gum
ruggist sells it-25 and 50c
Endorsed by hundreds '
thouHands or grateful users.
sure cure where all else fails.
For sale by all druggists.
Manufactured by
Ati&nta .
The Dime L iver Pill
For 1iliousness,
Sick H[eache,
i)ySpepSia, etc.,
are guaranteed equal to any P11
on the market, for only 10 cents;
pills in a box. If they\ "e D&-e
in your vicmity, send 10 cents -
stamps and receive a box by mall.
Nichols keeps them at wholesale
and retail, corner Main and Coffeo
streets. Address
Greenville, S. C.
Charles G. Leslie,
--Fish and Ovsters
"tA 3t M.1tRtClL Si'., C(IARGESTpoN, S.
C,onsignments of Country Produce ar
reMIpectlully solicited, Poultry, Hgga, &et
I'_ish packed innbare an box -
Co. Couba. C.,an wit t
the fr ric lst
CharesTG Danes&ie,
W-iholsl and eairFstaedroduc/
506 . KIG S'., CARESTO, S. C
Conntaco Conrdueldr
Fish Pick en , brls. an o. sf
owi tr ttorn sely.a L
Odratc YnaltourFr h
frfmiTe ver aiesh o,Calo
S.Corfhe ou4i2is and 142e Mari
WM . SH.ER,Mag.
Oderu Fsh.

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