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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1903-1906, October 19, 1904, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067659/1904-10-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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UL-J-'J, v .
? Touring New York
By Automobile.
A Untqu: Method of Viewing1 S
the SlgVs and Scenes of
ihe Great Metropolis.
W ' ^t.;l 1*3W YORK CITY.?It was a
light-hearted and happyJ\J
go-lucky party, for the j
\ + , v?/ time being at least, that
^ swung out on to Fifth avenue
one radiant summer morning a
short time ago for an exhilarating spin
in one of tho sumptuous and beautiful
touring ears, which an enterprising
eompany has put in service for public
liiro, aloug the finest and wealthiest
^^r^jJdential avenues and streets iu the
viTi'/ed world. And ill this conneeH^^Mion
one can scarcely resist the ti'iupta^
lion to enlarge upon the thought that,
while the pages of poetry and fiction
are tilled with the beauties of figurative
speech on the harms of pastoral
life, it remains for the hard of the future
to evolve an epic portraying the
throbbing, pulsating, vitally interesting,
intensely human, and ever varying
life of the great modern city. But
all this is another story.
In the party of tourists on this particular
summer morning were men and
women whose good fortune it had been
to circle the world as globe trotters,
and who had seen everything worth
seeing, from the Pyramids to Paris,
and from the Alps to Alaska, but after
all was done and over it was conceded
that never betore had they, individually
or collectively, enjoyed a more entertaining,
instructive and delightful
trip than that experienced this same
tiii.y iu uomg ihp wonders ana beauties
of Greater New York.
As the scenes of this Metropolis of
the world are unfolded new beauties
and objects of interest are presented
even to pioneer residents of the city.
' To the visitor, the tourist from another
* i13", State or county, the swiftly moving
panoramic scene of living pictures
is a source of constant deliglit and a
genuine revelation.
In leaving the company's oflices on
Fifth avenue the tourist or sightseer
lias the choice, us fancy may dictate
of first making a tour of either upper
or lower New York.
It may be said, en passant, that the
kcompany lias just placed in commission
eight handsome electric touring cars,
with a seating capacity of fifteen each,
and five large, magnificent electric
pouches, sumptuously upholstered,
Mmipped with eery convenience, and
Biting forty passengers each, except
I. the '. haffeur, anil the
^^vor lecturer; and the latter deBjki
a word of special praise, for a
Hfrapnlde or eloquent exponent of
it has never been the writer's
^Vfortune to encounter. In the se u
of tills gifted young gentleman,
jHlms otlleinted in like capacity in
Blon, I'aris, Berlin and other Ku^Pnn.
cities where sights are to he
seen, the company has secured a jewel.
In addition to being an animated encyclopedia
of men. affairs, and things
nmdivrn nlnecli* ...I |? sc.ii ' - - '
V..uc-oi-1 (IIIU JIIOHM H iJI, III* |JU2Ssessi
s a prodigious memory, which
would have done credit to a Criehton
Vor Macnulay.
Dn tlio tour of upper New York,
sorting from the company's headquarters
on Fifth avenue, for instance, the
guide will call your attention, in a
clear, resonant and pleasing voice,
"without the aid of a megaphone or any
other shrill accompaniment, to every
object of interest on "Millionaire's
How," from the Holland House, or the
Waldorf-Astoria, all the way out to
the furthermost limits of Central I'ark.
As the touring car speeds along
Fifth avenue past miles and miles of
palatial mansions occupied by the most
favored sons and daughters of Fortune.
each obteet of interpst is imintiwi I
out and the nainos of the world-famed
occupants art.- designated, while here
and there some hit of history or tradition
is proffered. throwing a Hash of
light on the subject, whether it he the
mansion of some living or departed
Avorthy, a palatial clubhouse, theatre
or hotel, venerable church or cathedral,
literary, art museum, temple of science,
or other object of. modern or historical
The vahie of sight-seeing depends on
- the mnnnur In which objects of passing
hi' historical interest impress them
?*-i > 1111* umii im or \ isj ior; Mild
whether of artistic <>; cotimcreial imf>ortnnce,
the particular object before
the eye must he properly exploited i i
order to conve\ a pleasing or lasting
impression. O i this tour of tJroatc.'
New Yoik all the principal objects of
interest and landmark* are not oi?1 >
brought out In pleasing procession. I? i
names of the worthies of both pa>l and
present generations wiu? have occupied
Much and sileh a in:in>ioil. and dates
of hotable occurrences. arc given wi li
w0nderf.1l accuracy. Here, for instance,
a re poii::cd out the pnia. ;il
homes of the Vai'derbi'is. (toulds,
^ |{'i kcfc Ih ) . .I " it Mo ran. the '
b t ddeiKC of (lie late l>o A
Stow i I '
HI ny of Prussia was royally enter
t::i ,ied. the magnificent palaces of \i:
mvw ?:;irnei?ie anu wenator rinrk, the
biining magnate, each of which i^
h'Of 111 kind's ransom; while there 111
Kuuist reverently bows at !In tomh of
General Orant, or xaxes with awe from
Ulvernldo Drive across the historical
Hudson (o the beautiful Palisades of
111o "Rhino of America." where was
fought the fatal duel between Alexander
Hamilton ami Aaron Hurt*. These
and a thousand and one other objects
enthrall the attention.
Columns of space might be devoted
alone to the magninceut drive through
Central Park, New York's wonderful
playground, with its beautiful and inSpiring
Kcenery and numerous marble
^^gtatues of the worhl'a most di&tin
KS'i'fink', or
f other ol?lo
tour of i
two hour* f
(top being i
at Gram'*? :
Tomb?but It Is safe to say that never J
ou any outing have both mind ami j
eye been pleased, enriched and in- I
wltll eilrtl. a <1nli.,l.? >..!
of sight-seeing as 13 crowded into this
brief space of time. . j
The tour of lower New York occupies
about the same time, and is equally
delightful and instructive, only in another
and more commercial way.
Passing down Fifth avenue to historic
Washington ,Square, through thu
| maguiilceut arch of the Father of His
Country, by the brownslone mansions
of old Knickerbocker families of pioneer
New York, the swift-moving
touring car glides across Waverly
place to liroadwii.i tlu giant artery
of the greatest city in the world, and
lo! the visitor is iudiu ted into a deep
canyon, so to speak, on either side of
which tower the sky-scraping buildings
which, Ailadin-iike, have sprung from
the wonderful architectural genius of
the new century.
On, down Broadway, tlie visitors
pass historical and moss covered Old
! Trinity Church and St. Paul's, of precious
memory, which still contains the
pew where worshiped George Washington
and his fatu'ly. Kre this. Pule
Row and the great newspaper ollic <.
the PostolHce and court houses, the
City llall. and the solemn, gloomy
Toinlis. with its tragic, sombre front,
and the "Bridge of Sighs." will have
been passed; and, after viewing the j
United States Sub-Treasury, with its
maguiliccnt statue of Washington, and
jjazing up at the tall buildings until
the eyes a<l'.e, the car turns into Wall
street - the great money mart of the
world?ami a stop is made at the Stock
l.'x-..v.. ...i....... . .
obtain for the entertainment of tourists.
From Wall street a visit is made to
the Battery ami Howling iJreen,
whence the enr is tinned in the direction
of the famous old Bowery, in
reaching which the great Brook'yn
Bridge is passed. To the student of
human nature, and the lover of the old
and picturesque, a visit to the Bowery
offers features of unrivalled interest.
After doing this unique section of
old New York a peep is taken into the
slums, whore live, or, rather, exist,
the denezins of the great mysterious,
unwashed underworld. All at once the
ears are assailed by a perfect babel of
tongues, and as the confused sounds
float lip from the teeming streets of
the Ghetto; or Chinatown, the visitor
can easily imagine that he lias been
transported to Italy, llussia, or the
crowded cities of the fur-off Orient. ;
Days may tic spent in the study of this
queer, grotesque and interesting section
of the city, with its conglomeration
of tongues and humanity, and it
is with reluctance that tlie tourist is
compelled to leave.
About Carbon.
Carbon is the classic material for the 1
hairpin like lilameut which gives the
light in an incandescent electric lamp, i
Recently attempts have been made to
lind another material. ltefractory
earths, which, when hot, become oon*
iluetors of electricity, have been trieil
with some ilegree of success. The
metal osmium is now being experimented
with ami it has given excellent
results. Osmium is a metal resembling
platinum. The latter was one of
the materials used by IMison in h;s
earliest researches in the production
of electric light. The osmium iilamciit
consumes but half the power per candle
of illumination absorbed by the ordinary
incandescent lamp, and has
very great durability. It gives a
steadier light with varying voltage,
but droops if the voltage is pushed too
high. Apparently it Is dillieult to make i
it of as high resistance as is desirable.
An interesting feature of osmium is 1
that it gives as much light as earboc,
although less intensely healed; its hi
tnineseenee is higher.
Knlfting n Window.
TTe weighed about INK) pounds and
looked to be a giant in strength. As
he sat. down in a seat of a Delaware
and Hudson car a delicate looking
woman leaned over and asked if he j
would he Kind enough to raise the window*
at her side. lie answered in the j
a (Urinative and then started to tuff.
The window never moved and the j
important man got rod in the fare,
lie said something ahout the ear builders,
and then informed the woman that
the window couldn't he raised. lie i
Silt down and the crowd iau^hed. A
few moments later the trainman, who
weighed ahout as much as a Jockey,
entered the car and the woman appealed
to him to raise the window. He
reached in with one hand and without
apparent exertion sent the stuhhorii
window ii]t willi n b.mjr. The ornml
thru looked at the fat man :iiu] \
laughed npfjiln.?Albnny .Toiirnnl.
An Iitiwrllttd Banknote.
Apropos of tin* return of I^>r<l Pun- '
donahl, i.iany people may i !> ?v
thai there i.< in the P.anl; of . n'huid
a ? I'kjit note w 1 -li reealls sad m p
ories of tb i Marl of I>uiulouai<
After I> inn ?'iv<- >1 in Ktipiand on
f jic( ' nation, be joined be 1 ir
'/.ill iii ll:i v\. after ?er\ire with Chile,
and wns il* first .ubniral.
I11 IM I b" W'.x senteiu'ed to a year's
iu!prlsoani"iit ::;id to 1 . y a fine of
? 11 Mm, 'I i. money \.;:s <ol|e.-ted by bis
010 1 iiiieiii - ;'\ W'c ;nins;. v ,n penny
subscript;?<:i-. Very n 1 a alnst bis
\<*111 1 .i.i.i . r , . miu. 1... ..1,
!o)c, i I!: In , of v. . .1, I.wrote:
i r iil -.nit ; r.>ii! <> p .?t? . myself
from murder. in the hope that ( shall
Iive t<? brltiK the deliiupionls ) > justice."
I.oprion <! rapine.
I*i 'i hiiii's A vliiI rii! Ion lioritls.
During tin' year line# the various
Hoard# of Concilia lion ami Arbllru-Hon
in Great Iliitain arc known to
liavo settled 788 eases of labor trouble.
Most of the aetnal stoppages were settled
by lite parlies themselves or their
representatives. The number of stoppages
settled by arbitration ami con- |
clllation was twenty-six, involving "JI.- j
700 work people.
Dickon*' IMrtlinlarr.
Tlio Mnyor of Portsmouth. Mug., hna
formally inatiguorntod as ;i Dickens
Miis(miu) 1 Iio house in <*?>miu*?-ivi;iI rOiul
I/iiiulpoi't, in which (JlinrloH Dickens
was lion , Tin' house wax recently
purchased by (ho Corporation at an
miction sale t'or C11M), anit' lias boon
^tockeil wlili a ntnjtfjp.- o/ intci'si in#
relics of the JlovolIstV* I'ajil Mnll CJrtsotlo.
si?:u<;i-: .iumkv
Tho assassination of his strongest op]
lnestionubly, the leiulor among Unss'ai
| A student of railway and railroad
! incidents and their causes comes for|
svnrd with an invention which is de;
ilgned to avert the so frequently rei
?i 1?;?i?I?;?i?r\
r lj ?
cm ring norrors wmcu nave siaineu t
with blood tin? history of railroading
in this ami other countries.
When, from any cause or other, it
is desired to stop a train of cars due
at any point, the custom is now to send
a tlagman back to signal to the engineer
of the due train. At other
times a I. intern is set at the side of the
track, and still at other times a torpedo
is placed on the rail. Hut llagni
mi have gone to sleep, engineers
have failed to see the lanterns and
have not heard the torpedoes.
The new Invention requires the
equipment of trains with automatic
brake arrangements which are to be
ooernteil hv menus of 11 "slmo" f-is
tened to tho rail. One of these
"shoes" having been put in place near
the point at which it Is desired to stop
the train the railroad men can proceed
with their unties without fear of the
oncoming locomotive and its cars passing
many feet beyond. As the train
[lasses over the "shoe" a lever on each
set of trucks is thrown by the "shoe"
and the brakes immediately applied,
so that when the whole train has
passed every wheel has been set firmly
and there is no possibility of the
train going any farther.
Samples of wheat of extraordinary
size and weight have been received
from the country which will be traversed
by the Hagdad railway.
Artist (at \v< rk) ? "Now give mo yr
Visitor (who f;incios himself n critic)
Artist (dreamily) "',/c-c s btit give
l>onent, Yon l'lobvo, leaves hlui, null
1I<? l uiniliMl (1?o l'ropliory.
Theodore Stavarehe, living in tho
town of Ilermezin, near Hueharest, had
liis fortune told sixty-live years ago by
a gypsy, who said that ho would die !
I?y tho bayonet. He fought through |
tho Itusso-Turkish war, was decorated
for conspicuous bravery at Plevna and
Smarden, and never received a scratch. !
The other day, however, at the age of
seventy-five, lie committed suicide with
his grandson's bayonet, thus fultllliug
the ancient prophecy.
The Turkish Mlltitll'n Title*.
The Sultan of Turkey has seventyone
titles, and on the parchment containing
them are the words "as many 1
more as may be desired can be added,
to this number." Among the titles are
"Abdul 11 a in id. the Eternally Victorious."
"the Eternally Smiling," "the
Eternally Invincible." "Distributor of
Clowns to the Heroes Seated on tho
i moues ami "wuauow or liou 011
Cnrlildo of Cnlcl
Ordinarily the formation of calcium
carbide requires n degree of lient
which can only he secured in the electric
furnace. At a recent meeting of
the Academy of Sciences, in Paris, M
Henri Moissan stated that metallii
calcium, at a red heat, will combine
with the ilnely divide 1 carbon contained
in smoke. The product is pure
calcium carbide, erystalized and transparent.
ESESfSTr-' 55 '
ANTON I, t'lUl'.t' or n.i. i..wnulu. iu..
^ I
>ur honest opinion of tills picture."
"It's utterly worlhlfKh."
it nil th<vsnntp.M-Punch.
I \.
i. l/ojsisul
1?p|>tilr tlio ' ooln.
ITnvo you a workshop in which to
repair tools? Whiflletrees, hoe handles (
and the like should he repaired rainy |
days and not left until the busy time ,
when they are needed most.
The Wvo<1 Eceil. ,
Now is the time to raise your crop
of weed seed for next year. No great
amount of care is needed to secure a
large crop but you will have to hustle (
next year in order to keep down their
II1111 ft About tlio Row.
Feed the sows that Have summer
pigs slops rather than too much grain,
and don't encourage the pies to cat '
much corn yet. Give thorn slop. But
don't feed sour slop. We've told you
that before.
Sotting Klrawliorrlr*.
Autumn is noi considered as good
n time for setting strawberries as the
spring, but there is a word to bo sjnid.
If the ground is ready and there is
time to sot them they will get established
before cold weather. Next
spring they will be ready to grow
and will get a good start before the
now beds are set. They will boar a
small crop if allowed to do so, but it is
1 11 #?! In iiii*!: <>lf ilii* h!()'s<mits jiml
let the strength of the plant go to the J
new growth. A great ditliculty is the '
fall drouth. If the ground is moist the '
plants should grow well enough. Xa- '
tional Fruit Grown*.
A Clrcut W??le. '
"One of the most universal wastes on f
the farm," said the late Colonel J. II. <
Brigliam, Assistant Secretary of Agri- >
culture, "anises from the practice of
keeping scrub stock, which is likely
to occasion lass rather than profit. Coincident
with this is the common waste '
resulting from careless feeding and
lack of proper shelter for and at ten- '
tion to farm stock. The neglect of 1
probably the majority of farmers to ;
keep close account of the various de- '
tails of farm expense anil production
results In farmers continuing to raise 1
this scrub stock whereas they would
otherwise weed it out without delay."
1'ruiilnK Currant*.
The fruit is borne on l?oth old anil
new wood, but the best fruit is produced
by one, two and three-year-old
canes. After three years of age the
old wood should be cut out, leaving
from four to eight steins of varying
ages not exceeding three years. No
wood over three years of age should be
kept, as it then becomes hollow and
rough barked, and harbors, worms, in- 1
sect eggs ami fungous spores. To do- 1
stroy these tho old wood should ill- :
ways ho rut out, gathered and liurnod '
immediately aftor roinoval, and not '
left lying around, as is sometimes done. 1
The old idea of training tho eurrant '
in the form of a tree is not now eon- 1
sidered prolitable, lmt rather tho plant !
is allowed to sucker, a ltd send up many '
stems, the number being limited as 1
above described.?N*. K. Homestead, in '
the Mirror and Farmer. 1
Hoc Cholern.
I think calomel a sure cure if given
in time for hog cholera. I do not know
tho minimum dose that will cure, nor
do I know whether it will salivate or :
not. I have not salivated any.
Last year 1 had throe sows and one
J 11 ll'l *11 >111,1 11 I?1K^. 1 I> 11 L a IH Mil OIM'fourth
tcaspoonful calomel in wheat 1
bread, three pieces; two sows ate atul 1
got well; one refused and died. I car- i
lied the pigs about seventy-live yards '
to ?? i !. coo'i. T!'"r would !ic*i!!,nr 1
kick, blink their eyes, nor squeal. I 1
gave each about as much as two doses I
for a grown person. They staggered (
back and all got well. I think a good '
plan to give calomel (say to a dozen '
hogs) shell three or four ears of corn, 1
pour a little sorghum syrup on each 1
grain, sprinkle the calomel on, stir 1
so as to tret the calomel as evenlv
through us possible: then food. I have 1
% :tsroil hogs several times in tills way.
Hoping your readers will profit by my
experience, I am. respectfully, ,j, \v.
Jones, in Home and Farm.
C'lfHIl Xt'fttn.
A lilthy nest is nil eyesore in many
a hen house. To obviate this a movable
box, one that is easy of access,
but cannot be roosted upon, should be
used. The cut gives such a one and
lias l>e"i! found l?y constant use for
4 ,I
11 _jjl
.vonin t<? lu> :ilio:id of :i!! others. Tlioy
on 11 I>? uuHic in i ,voM'l-i ions, hut :n iliat
(:isc ji piirlllion should l>e in
llio ( litre !o provont lions lU'litinir
mid lirr.-iKinir i-jrus. W. !!. (Vrniiin, in !
The Kpitomist.
A (iooiJ l i>'{ l,rcn,iv?livp,
Iii jiiviiiK 111'' reader* ol Iit'> (ir-oii'tmoid
(lie heir-lit of llic meihod most
used for tin* preservation of il is
done willi the hope that the thus
preserved will ho used at home, or, if
sold. sold strie.ly on their merits. It is
11.0 sv'lliiii,' of preserved okics us "strlptly
fresh" tlmt has ruined tin* poultry
business of more than one man. If one
Iijis strictly fresh eu;;s that he can
guarantee in midwinter, sell them as
sikIi and demand the highest price.
If the ojxk* offered are preserved, say
so. 'the host euj^ preservative now
known is water glass, or, in other
wortty, a solution of sillonto of sodium
proeuvnblo at any ili'Uf? store. l'ut the
solution in an earthen vessel, *a<M
niile times its hulk of ivater, ami put
in i^ as many ? r?s an tlm solution will
covvr. Then place a cover over llie
1 V -
* ; f /'
rcssol and place It In a cool cellar.
I'.ggs preserved now In the manner
described will keep in good condition
ror seven or eight months. It is necessary
that the eggs be perfectly'flipsh
when they are put In the preserving
fluid, or they- will not keep as long
\s stated.
Tnru??Ii in Horgp*.
In nine cases ont of ten when thrush
>ccurs it is due to the horse standing
11 tilth, so that the prevention of the
rouble is plain to be seen. Investlgaion
will prove that the majority of
lie horses afflicted with thrush are
leavily fed and given little exercise,
ind, as stated, stand in tilth. While
here are many honest differences of
>pinion as to what material constitutes
lie best door for a horse, it is certain
hat the floor must he kept reasonably
lean or the animal will contract dis ase
of sonic kind. The best tj::wt- ;
lient for thrush is to cleanse the foot j
horoughly, soaking it well in water as j
lot as the horse will stand, if neces- !
>ar.v, ami then place calomel in all the
revices of the frog, covering it with
>akum to liohl it in place; this dressing
nur'. be changed daily.
Place the horse in a large box stall
iml provide a heavy bed of straw so ,
hat there will lie a sort of cushion for j
he feet at all times. Willie the horse {
s in the stall and not lit to exercise a 1
jrent deal, cut the rat lops down, being I
aroful that the animal has sntlicient |
variety to keep the bowels in good
'omlitlon. As spoil as the animal can
>e given exercise it should be taken 1
>nt of doors several times a day. The j
11'nuc i ti?r uhnnl.l 1...
" .<..lillt.ll,> i.i.ji.n-.l
mtil the discharge of matter ceases, i
A Grtnd-totio Frame.
A correspondent has drawn an out- !
ine of what ho has done with an old i
wheel that had passed its usefulness i
in the* road, and lie says: "I there- j
fore made a grindstone frame of it, |
nul it works so well that if I could |
not procure another money would, not ]
Iniy it. In construction it is very aim- |
[)le. Anybody handy with tools can
'Oj "V
111 :i!c<* It. The sent is two-inch chest*
nut plank. You will notion that tho j
<eat plank has a nook (that is so tho j
ogs oan use foot pedals). Tho sprocket ,
>t' tho hack bioyole wheel C is on the
\>;le of the grindstone. A is the
sprocket, as it belongs on the wheel !
hain ti> conheet with the grindstone j
sprocket; 11 the frame inserted in the !
sent, a one-inch hole being bored in j
I lie same; 1) a single leg to prevent
it from being front bonvy; K u foot
iiodal, connected with the front leg to
L'onneetlon F to pedal liar (!, both ;
made <?r bard wood one b> two indies.
Oat Hay.
Fanners who intend making oat ha>
dtould keep can ful watch on (lie crop
lhat it does not become too mature.
For bay, oats should be liar vested
ivhoii tbe grain is in the dough stage, i
lot when ripe enough to thresh. When
ut at this time there will lie no danger
of losing any of the grain, as it
will not shell, and the quali y of straw ;
ivill also lie worth much more as a
reed. The steins and leaves of the j
dant can all he saved and they will
ure into very good feed for almost any |
lass of stock. Of course it' the crop I
Is intended for seed or grain, it should
not be harvested until thoroughly innlured.
It should be remembered, how- |
[ ver, that a day or two of nice grow- |
lug weather will make a great differ- i
[Mice in the condition of anv eron. cs
pecially when near malurity. For j
this reason we flose tab upon |
them, and no they are !
to bo harvested fffiifi&y nvor to do
the cutting at Just rii"eright period.
Weather conditions may sometimes interfere
with one's harvest, and that, of
course, eannot very well bo helped,
hut as far as possible every farmer j
should make It a point to have all eon- !
ditions under Ids control and then !
see thai everything Is done exactly on
time. 10very year there are many dollars'
worth of crops lost by neglect in
harvesting them at just the right time.
Overripe crops, especially grains, are
always handled with great loss, even
at the host. He on time, and by so doing
save pounds of roughage feed when
in prime condition and every bushel of
grain when mature, and when it will
cost the least to harvest. I
I'llrlli Hint*.
A cross bred animal should never ho
chosen as a breeder.
There is no single breed that possesses
only good qualities.
Nothing so surely impoverishes the
r 11 i.ii. ..?i. ii ' ?
?.?* ??.-? in?- r??Tiim^ uj IU1CY#
Willi imprtivimI stock, to insure suc?^,
must come improved treatment.
Any kind of live stock will depreciate
in viiln when cm short in their
Always sift coal ashes before putting
lieiH in tin* dust box for the use of
poult ry.
in hot v.rather especially, horses subject
to colic should be handled with
great care.
All things eonsidered the best plaeo
to put manure is on a freshly plowed
soil. Haul out as fast as made.
A little care in the matter of watering
and feeding horses will prevent
much sickness and consequent loss.
In breeding, other things ln.h>?
equal, the more vigorous animal tends
to impress itself upon the progeny.
Ii is much easier to tell how n thing
should be done than it is to demonstrate
the advantages of a plan L<y
experiment. ,
Public revenue of Ureat Britain in
I he quarter ended June llf) was SI.'!,- i
I40,220 below the saiuo Quarter Jast
For tlto Middle W?it. I
IMN 1 Wfll N many parts of tho/'t 'if
110 Ell West there is njf \AN |
need of road imp/ ?. P"
as anywhere els/ JT ; yt
Ijjpl M world, and it Jk / /" ?; *
that the people / A h?I
tion iiave gone into the I ^oniV
movement wun cntnusiasnt t A|
A State good roads coiMvwtlon
just. boon hold at Springfield, III., ane
although It la the busy season \vj/
the farmers, there ivas an attel '
of about i!00 delegates, buslilcTs j
visitors. Senator Latlitiol, of 1
Carolina, was the principal spl
and ho delivered an able and eloj
addrcH*. Naturally he devoted!
sidornble attention to the prlnciiVt
National aid as embodied In theft
introduced Into Congress by hii
and Colonel Brownlow, of Tonne
The Senator is strongly of tie opl
that the (Sovernment should oftntri
some of its surplus revenues ti aUI j
Slates in building good ro ;ls,
he has many cogent reasons to <1 A
in support of that proposition At?
dose of Ills address Senator Latltllfci
asked all present who agreed Itli IBy
to stand lip, and all but thre< or fJ|
sprang to tbelr feet. There v s so^
opposition, however, led by 1 ofesA,
Ha leer, of the State I'nlversit andlJ'
protracted discussion followed whi*
the professor came ofT decldcdl second ftf
best. i
one of the great obstacles o road f
improvement in v some parts of tl)<1 f
Mississippi Valley is the set ;ity ol j
material for building roads. 1 largtl
portions of Illinois, Iowa, /kansa^l
and several other States, ?ere i/|
neither stone nor gravel. AUhe mil H I
terlul used in surfacing hard rids Uij U
to be shipped in, which adds ctsldi/
ably to the expense. But the Ittou I
less mud roads of these secthh iJ Jj
such a burden that people are 611 il
to tax themselves heavily to so<|o '
lief. If the National aid plan Vol B
be adopted, the next, few yeaiW
see an enormous Improvement V,
roads of the Middle West. ' ,
Where there is good local nini \H
considerable progress has already
made. In Missouri there are hun
of miles of litte hard roads. The/
may be said of Minnesota. In sor
cnlitles excellent roads have beer Hj
of mining slag. Gravel em; S
where available, and in Spi H|
Illinois deposits of novnculil
drawn npon and some very Unci |^H| Ji
have been constructed from till
terial. On the whole, however, l|
be said that only a beginning bij ^
the agricultural
of this section are greatly lianmfl
by the expense and dlttlculty of B
ting farm products to market; jH
Hotter KoimIu'rikI llnlt?r SrliooI^B
The farmers of East TennessetH
aroused on the subject w
proveinent, and espccilt'^^HthilriTa|^^^^^H^ '
for the plan of co-o}h4^Wii tietw^H^^^Vvf
the Stare and Nation. The lirowulj^^^^Su
hill is unahlmdusly indorsed. rlV
measure Is especially commended
a means of improvement in the j
try schools. Tills is one of the stroi^^^^^ft
est reasons for the systematic
proveinent of the country roads. ifl
improved roads are, perhapr, tlie urcJ^^B^H
est drawback to the success of ru^^S^Sj
schools. When the season o? botto^B
less roads arrives the attendance iH
school becomes small and irregulafi^BBB
the classes become discouraged, atiM
but little progress can be made.
One of 'he principal reforms of ,toH
day consists In the consolidation o^B
rural schools so as,to do away wltl^B||jm,
the greater number of Kiijall uiis;U|J^^HL
factory schools and rep|ii'ce""ttTinTKw^^^^^B}ffT"
larger centrally located schools. Thi^^^^BJfoij
would reduce the expense and grcatlH
increase the efficiency of the countrfl^^^H ,
schools. In many places the peopIM
have adopted the plan of sending
wagons at public expense to bring Jn H
the children on the various roads. ItuV^flj
this plan is only feasible where thf-S
roads are uniformly good. Hence, till LWM
bad roads which prevail in most se<*. I
tIons are a great bar to educations^.
progress. WiHB
Wlilo Tires For 1'itrm Wngonn. iciil^SS
The subject of wide tires Is one I ifl
great interest and importance, and
is being thoroughly discussed by tll'owH
ofllce in connection with various roi^
associations and others Interested. I; .,
portant investigations of the Uiiivor*
ty of Missouri will booh bo given to i "
ami show very
advantages of wide tlreft^Afl
as on road. .
Inquiry, being aHjMnB|^^^BH9B|ffi?fe\
upon tM^
proposed that Hie wldro I
to square the
tin* Iron or steel axle at tH
and exactly the same vvlH
wooden axle of the same flj
one t.
Im suggested that after a H
all sales of new wagons I
the standard
be taxed, and tliat^HBnHBH|^BH^HHffi
taxation bo allowed
altered to this standard. I'i&iH
..... *
uruiK no additional tax
ors, hut would place thelrelPM
lIn- wagon builders. ITii|j$&\lH
would promptly !>?&; j
standard, and their iigHgtoj*
is nlrendy <i flS
throughout tho
; m
jooo I'lintogrnpli*fx HcomnI.EDRH^R
The latest wonder on photogroH
n machine which is capable of S
pug impressions at ih<y rate of^H
thirty or forty
ns ilie ordinary <-incftiiato?ni]fl^mflHfik
of the chief purposes to whlfl
wonderful invention Is put la tfl
wings ^
lion, by which 1L is hoped ?fe|
problem of lllght may at Inst bfljj
A Town I'liAluHntlrp. 1
' ''0 (own
Capo Colony, fonfnv^|
< |?i o
if-rvl. i>; (li?. r?(|n,H
<350.000. fl

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