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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1903-1906, May 02, 1906, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067659/1906-05-02/ed-1/seq-5/

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.Buted April 23, 1903 a~t i'ickou8, F. C., 48 e.;u I~Hm~ i id iaL fC n is fM rh 8 89
Golden Gate Metropolis Has
Been Shaken Often
Ia the PasL
Some of the Skyscrapers and Other
Buildings Destroyed - Magnificent
City Hall In Ruins-Fires Ar.
rested by Dynamite-Earth.
quake of 1868 Descriied
by Mark Twain.
HID recent disastrous earthquake
extending over so large a part
of the Paclfic coast region and
wrecking such an extensive
section of the city of San Francisco
was not the first of these catastrophes
known in the western metropolis,
though by all odds the most damaging.
For many years 'the municipal au
thorities refused to permit tall build
ings in the city because of the fear of
earthquakea, several of which had al
ready been experienced. Finally the
Interdiction was removed, however,
and a number of skyscrapers resulted.
Prior to 1890 there was hardly a
building in excess of five stories and'
only a few of that height. Today there
is one eightden stories high and quite
a number from twelve to fourteen
In the spring of 1898, about 10 o'clock
one night, the city had a selsmic shock
that put to test Its high structures. It
was the worst earthquake since 1808,
when for eight or nine blocks on the
main street (Market) the ground was
cracked open several inches.
In the upheaval of 1898 the tall build
ings were given a fearful shaking, and
some of their occupants were made
dizzy and sick. The structures were
uninjured, and ever since that time
there has not been so much question
of the safety of high buildings of mod
ern counstuetion-that is, buildings of
structural iron frame and facings of
pressed brick, terra cotta or stone.
It was M. H1. Do Young, the proprie
tor and editor of the Chronicle, who
was the pioneer in this respect. He
met with opposition from the munici
pal authorities fourteen years ago when
he decided to erect a ten story house
for his newspaper. It was believed to
be a dangerous undertaking because of
the earthquake fear, but Mr. Do Young
won out and thereby set an example of
enterprise to other wealthy men who
have since built more tall buildings.
For Instance, D. 0. Mills, the New
York banker, who owns a great deal
of San Francisco property, has one of
the tallest and finest structures in the
Cius Spreckels, knownm throughout
the country as the sugar king and the
rihet anFrnes aon abid
in eetensoie ih cmol
knw sth albuligIO he
of the crner sits, wher Thrdstee
ineset areislcte h grat
Opekesbulinth om.f h
Call theDo oungbuiling thehom
ofth Choiladth ertbld
bidngdeeepmntt San Franescionabuld-o
nu eentee toriTe igh, omhanlyt
known of thCall building O en etght
ofeth torer itesght whe majr prt
.of them Chrenigh,t and twflaa buin.
ries,. the eight storied b6ing most nu
The Call and Examilner builing.
were almost totally destroyeil III the
earthquake and many othI skysilj-rap
era were severely shaken, cracked and
One of the chief buildlugs which col
lapsed was the new postollice. This
was a substantial structure of grauite',
costing to exceed $5,000,000. While
not striking from an architectural
standpoint, the postofilce was impress
ive from Its massiveness.
The Postal building was badly -dam
aged, and the operating room was a
Wreck. Power of every kind was de
stroyed, and there were no lights, ei
ther gas or electric. Neither the Pal
ace hotel nor the St. Francis was de
stroyed as far as the framework goes,
but the inside plastering and decora
tions were greatly damaged.
.Tio business aection of the city from
Mark't street to Missilon street and
fromn the bay back was alm11ost com1
pletely wrecked.
The most conspicuous building Inl
San Franeisco, the city hallI, 1.s almo1st
totally ruined. It cost from $6,000,000
to $7,000,000, took twent3;-Jive years inl
construction and wats 8sul'mounteII1d by
a dome 332 feet high. It was thoughOt
to be very solidly constructed, being
built substantially of brick, With the
walls covered by cemuent. The Interior
of the dome wats decorated with ex
pensive malrbles taken from the Pa
ciffie coast mountains.
Another very fine building, whllehl
;~ -
propraenaeo the baneckw alot com
Si-n therancsy the tciturei, ith alots
totlyi ruine.,I coksth boholder,00
tor$7,00t0, took twoet-he buyari
cthrcionded wnes seci'momn an td bye
a dromqe Chinatownhi, Itwahb thh
built sufastntialpofaric owigt the
ofntheacoments ofcomre wihnd che
dwindiine aum m.
Other uliposlig edifices, mniny of
which have been Ilore or lss severely
ainjured, are the Ilotel St. Fal s, the
Paithee Iiotel, the 11ill of Jsteitice, the
Mutual Bank building, the l'aclic Mu
tual Life buildinAg and the Callaghan
building. The greatest property dam
age resulted in the manufacturin-; dis
trlet and the greatest loss of life iI
the tenement house district.
The chief street of the city is Mar
ket, runlnin.g diagonally for tiunly tuiles.
The destruction of many of the depart
ment stores and other busliness blocks
on Market and Mission streets was al
most complete. Fire added to the hor
rors of the situation, and, as the water
maIns had been burst by the shock,
the fire department was helpless. The
flames ate their way alo!, Market
street, and other fires started in differ
eAt parts of the city.
As the earthquake occurred but a
littie a1fter 5 O'clock inl the in1orniing,
practically the entire poulat'Onl was la
bed. - Men and women rushed wildly
forth In their Iight robes anld fled in1
panic through the streets. Many were
caught by the fallil:g roofs anid wv:lls,
an11d in the poorer distrlcts the tene
melts colhipsed like eggsllls, crush
lig and stiffocating their inmmites be
fore they ha1.d time to escalpe. N iniany
cases fire flinished the work of death,
catchin g the vietihs as they were
pinned still alive un1oder the debris.
To arrest the spread of the fire along
Market street miany buildings were
The track of one railroad was de
pressed fouri feet or- more for a dis
tancie of three miles. A t one0 pont in
the city tihe earth cracked open for a
distance of six feet, leaving a yawning
chatsmi of fthtiomiless1 de'pth.
Thie dlestructionl of all tele'gmph~l wires,
excepit one belonging to the Postal
union, made(1 it almost Impossible for
thei st rickeni city to coinmuientcae withI
tile oultsideL world. The severe 1*ijury
to tihe Western1 Union and l'ota of
11lees, also the Assoelated Press, greatly
added to the dilffilty.
The practical dlestruc(tlon of six or
elght blocks, coupled with tile immense
lJoss of life and1( damage to) pr2opety
throughlout $211 Frainelsco and1( te enI
ire ('oa2st region, ma21kes thi1s tile worst
('arth1quak1 e dIisaster in Amnericean hiis
tory, exceedinug eveni the. historic
Phiarleston earthquaike of a few ye~ars
Sii Frzanelseco has suiffered1 from
amany sli ght seismuIc shoeks, one of
them11 0:-euin1g a bout ii year ago. At
tha21t timeil2 a long ar11iile app)iearied ini
022e of thle paprs l)s5.iigne'd by a Pro
fessor in Onle of' thle observaitori neair
by. slatinug t imt thlere wats nlo Partie
ul:2 (2 danger f'roim these I tiiremor of' lie
earthi's sua 2ce. Tih'e coast regionl, nie
cord(ling to this writer, wats niewer than
parta ofI thle couniitriy frthe i ea1'(2st andi
waIs therefort(iie setlinhg, lie saidi piec
pie shouhl h feel no 211larim, ats nothinlg
serliusW1 wa liabl)1 to h12ppenC2.
Evidentl Ily tihe (earthi's crusi~t ini the
G~ohhln Gat r2 2' egionm 1221 beein doing
somse mor)e '"setling.''
ThI e motst severeQ '2 I niuinaki San$21
Francilsco ha~s kniowi prior to thle pres
ent 021e was in 18GM. Qulite' a little
miotely comparab2i1,e 1o ti<. it wits the
i.~2'M shiakieup thiit wats nlel fous2(1
b~y Mark 'Twain. Thle iniost 51urprisinag
inug thei( geil Mark 2 iL52 . 2aw at thia t 12ime
wasll the oplening up o)1 tih'ellig of'
his room,1 the2( 1)5 lipofte or2iliee w~ork-L
lng to 21nd( fro like at212 inoi and( 1a brick
slipig through and2 held( in stuspeni
5ioni, like one lone tooth (il thei jalw of
The last earithqua12ke tha 1111 curred12iP~ in
San2 Friancisco~C was ini .1 ainuariy, I 100.
Several (1ist incit isho(ks were2 feit (-u-ly
ini the morn)ingiI~ caing~i the v ibra:ti1on
of1 bulildings.~ all over' thcit y. The(
chief blhling' alffeted was Ilhe St
sha~keni. The2( wa'2lb5 (cllpsed in eer
tin paits of tilhei stru'tutre, guests w~ ere
lIn 1 0.1 ther was2' W a 5Qevere selsI c
disturbane in ILlIos .\nie'2'., w!eh~ wa~s
felt thlroiugibout the& city iidc for a
radius of severail miles ariounid.
Stricken City Long Permeated
With an Air of
How the Motrepolis of California -Was
Purged of Disorder-Lynching of
Casey-The Days of the Forty.
iners-Town Depopulat.
ed by the Rush of
Gold Seekers.
AN FRANCISCO, tho earthquake
strickenl eity, has long been per
mented *~with an air of romance
and adventure. Nowhere may
one (urn without being reiilided of
the Lgevnds that have been woven
droti he fdry-nliers and their Im
intedin:Le lollowers. ''he names of the
s t'(ets mnd of the business blocks, such
S2iey, Sit ter', MoitgomIleiry, Du
po:it, 1-'lool, Croei~er and Sharon, bring
to ft' intl oif.d visitor long forgot
toll )torkis of riot or adventure and of
fortines whose vastiiess once eelted
his wo;mle'r or made h1im 21 lcredut lolus.
'ITh.' site of the city was1 first visited
by Einropenns in I7T0, and li 1775 Bu
carli ordered a fort" presilio 1and 111i
sion foided Onl the ba3y. Otne year
iat'r, the year of the Deehiration of
Inepnene teSpnshsttes e
ga h ok n hnVnovr
athority, whle the Spueble an lets b
sionI stood for the elvii 21nd relgious
factors respectIvely. Thie mnisslin was
secular'iz~ed itn 1834 and1 a town ild
out 1th( yearit following.
Int 1816 ann Amtericenn inan-of-wvar, un
der commantitd of' Commttodore John II.
Montlgotnery, entteretd the hartbor and
htoisted the stars 2and( strip1es over the
town. Mex i(o, whleh suceceeded Spain
as thte own ter of Californin, wats then
at war' withi the United States, and1( the
act of Coin inodore Monttgomuery' enided
her dom32inion overt Sian~ti Franesco.
Washtingitn A. Bartlett to be Frisco's
first alcatlde, or matyor, und1(er the new
regime. Under1't Spanishl and1( Mex iennu
rule the town'i waIs a sleepiy, uinprogress
yIv ince, but with1 the comtintg of Amner
lean and(11( the d1isco~very' of gohli int 1818
t here enme 311 1era of1 1 gro(wtfh and1 husi
for the fIrst neOws of' the dhiscovery3 of
gold l1ractienliy depopuh)Iittd Sanu Fran
TJhie towni was1. smit ten ats 1)3 a1 phlgue,
and onehistoran thu descibeswha
flappeled: "Its houses were left unoc- ,
cupied and unprotected, its former tit
trade ceased, its lots fell to a small 'C
part of their value, its two weekly pt
newspapers were suspenled, aid tll to
townNl, deserted by the(- bulk of Its Ilu- st,
habitants, was at One time without a a
:sligle ol!lcer clothed with civil author- p
After the first rush to the gold dig- b1
gngs the town beganll to regain its lost b<
ground, and ere long the Illux of gold r1
seekers gave quite an Impetus to its el
growth. The townil was inocporated d(
in April, 1850, and the first coininon I
council elected proceded with dilIgence It
to plunder the city treasury. The ja
same year the state was adniltted to gi
the Union, and when the steamer Ore- dh
gon brought the news-there was no I
telegraphic communication in those ti
days-business was entirely suspelded lit
and the entire population rushed to the i
wharfs to welcome the haringer. The ill
town had about 10,000 in1hbitant.ls at
that time, and wIren the people were vi
informed that the signal flags or ffe '1
Oregon indicated that California was a 1
sovereign state of. the United States of 11
Amerlea "a universal shout arose from i
10,000 voices on the wharfs, in the p
streets, upon the hills, housetops and ,W
the world of shipping in the bay." i
In its early history the city suffered u
from several disastrous fires. Between ti
December, 1849, and June, 1851, six F
conflagrations played havoc with the 21
growing young town. Better buildings b
were planned and several fire compa- t
nies were organized. These were steps gi
in the right direction. It was also dis- ill
covered that the tires wero stiarted by Vw
criiniiials who profilted by the confu- In
sion. j (I1
This fact and the lueilleleney and ID
corruption of the city government led of
a la rge number of eltizens to organ- fo
ize the famous vigliance columittee
which ruled the place in 1851. Quite a at
nlumber of crooks were lynched by I
the corinittee, others were driven out, y
like John Oakhurst, tile leading flgure l:
In Bret Harte's "Outcasts of Poker f!
M.A.. ..
tim wanoinpiigt nfoigg
golat, seke Ity wsna stroghin mpd
ey oftiow, ingyes tadtes wa oodgent rt
bhantii. tor int nat.nowihat
hues aaimas of c 'anvasc ad tub- of
godberrittos, It was mtagIny a ct
of tents, rising in a- crescent upon01 the p1
shores of the cove. From Clark point
it skirted the land to Telegraph hIll, ini
along the (lay stre'et slopes, taperIng at
away to fihe CalIfornia street ridlge. A
The harger- nmuber passedl to tihe south- re
west shores of the cove, beOyondi the thi
Market street ridge, a region sheltered C
trolm blustering winds and1( provIided ('I
with good spring water an named0110( the $1
1t1appiy Valley. gI
Stock tonl street, stretchinug fromi Sac
ramnento to Grleenl streets, presentfed mi
the nealItest cinslter of dw~uellIings, an a1(1
Powell at reet was thle abode14 of chmurchies, till
for of' tile six ch rheles ini existce)'L in Pa
the mliddile of 1850 thuree grauend Its em,
51(des and two stood upo)01 cross streets, ha,
ablove' if, was really tile western limit sii
of the city, a' Greenl street was the eu)I
SA 2. NIS0Wnn
0 trail to the Presidio, past se:tttered
ittages, caiblus anld Sheds, nin11d dal
s anud gardens, with a brancih pa1thi
the Mlarlino hospital, on Filbert
reelt, l 11( a nother to the North Bench
ehorvige, r slpe' fwc 'ula tors wCro
aliling it wharf to attract seltiillnt.
A ft!r the vigilance committeo dis
tuded the erinliinal elemencit L>eeaiino
iler, and in 185(; the crim1111 anld Cor
ption In the city1 had becomle intol
:ble to tlos who wishited to Ilve a
cent mnd orderly life. When Editor
ilug of the Unlletin, who .hlilt de
>ttnleed the thugs, Was inur11deredl by
ies 1. Casoy, at now viglince or
lizatilon Wis Created, and in at few
lys Cascy and another liurdellr
kined Cora were e.xvecuted ill front of
e comnil.tee's ithadiu1alters. Mny
wbralktrs were ite r put to death,
Il thet regilme of the Ca"lifornha1: "bad
all" canteo !o anl eni.
It hla-. be.!n 0!.0elth tUn rm
sVe is the :1o1i Cosmopolit 1 y ini
It world. .1.1 by co3inopoli( i s
allt .1 Ipo ihi ll'dtio ro. al!l i
w worl. Not long, ai:o th r >:l
dh-atti that -13 per com of th:.- p-!o -
eu of the city were horn1 inll~i
nlds, not Inl two 0or three 41i!Terolnt
Junlties, but Inl practinty every land
nder the sun. .\twording to the 111
011111 en1sus reports fmt 1r ' 1 ! ). nI 11
raellciso had i t(otal 1.'opuli1 11 of
)S,97. Of these 172,1SWt were' n-,ative
>rn and 126,81-1 wvere horni ont:-11de of
te Uitled States. ully 111 hall th
'own persons inl the colliliunity re
oved to Califor'nla 1 from lhiLll lands,
hile i large percentage of the other
[if anid of the generaIl body Of chlil
en were of folelgnl 4 parelitage. In
00 Sun Fraillelso had 11 popuilat ion
c 12,702, of which 31.1 pr coi was
reign born.
San ll'raeiltso has lonig been famewd
I one of the "wide opel" (ities of (he
tilted Sutates. AS in th 11v0ys (it
190, the gainbler. devotvs him11self to
q voolation wvith 1l1t. le nterf4eece
0111 thle authorities. I rio to the
t h , n i
~ .. l..;
10 in for it ri~tr.
Th Clfona uren court h
ndered a eelslon t thIfec.ta
e aeo rwpke sntagm
They('0( are frecIuenltd by ta harit look
tistr'i blife ftis probablysf ini these
'lorts, but hsloney'tt't 1:' 1o It is said~
at thue son1 of t' prem'11ierl ofl 1t1rtisht
>iltibii wan Wfle 4ee'(d o1' i8,,500 inl tihe
('e 1(4ya I ftelw year11s ago~4. 11 l ost
lts of' tteritory 4', or1 abon(41t 3n. 1000
(4e4, wilthh 11 t1he Il li pall I111 ,'limis.T e
SIX harge 1parks 1an1( twenty-~'two
aill onileS, and (Gohiln (Gate 1par1k oc
I *
,.,,, 4.;
Dr. C. Willard Hayes Believes
Shocks Can Be Predicted.
Uxpert of (.eologleal Survey onyx
Foretellanix i'artilmltie" in Merely
it QueNtiona of Obervatton-S-8u
gest. the R't 1a1li11 g -of
1)quipiped Station.
Dr. C. Villard Hayes, geologit of
the United States geologleal survey, re
ceutly expressed the opiniol that tho
time would come wheil the scientists
vould be able to predict an earthqjalco
stiillelently inl advaince o... its 1,cur
relice to give warning to itersons likely
to be Catight by it. says .1 \Vashigton
special to the New York Tines.
"Of course I do not say that it will
conlie soonl," said Dr. Hayes, "but I see
notingiiii. iiprobable hiI the idea at all.
I think It Is largely a matter of having '
it sutilient nunimber of propierly equip
'ed olbservation stationis, with proipt
a111 tirougli exelhange of observa
tis. lEartlitiuakes aire alnost Invaria
lbly preceedeu by proinioultory sl'ls ad
syliptoins. Thiese' 1are now recognized
11and reucodell. iout there are not
tintugi ol toarers engagedl iii the worc
tt illake their records aid observations
of paaetic:al beelit iI the way I have
"Fifty years ago the Idea that it
would be poss4ible to predlet a stori
woulI ha ve Ieena rega rdled as prepos
terou.s. But with the increase of the
number of wveather ohservers and the
developtment of thel(ir inst rnients they
have reaclie the stage of practical cer
tainty, and the serviJeo ms become of
immense Value tihroughiout the world.
Of course they have had a great deal
more weather to observe than the ge
ologists h1ave had earthquak, aniid the
scope and thoroughniss of deir obser
vatiois have deVeloped more rapidly
than in the case of seIsmic, disturb
uiaces. lut I see nao reasona why, with
a proper extonsion of the field of ob
servalios aid the proper equipment
of the olservers, there should not re
suilt hIa cotauparatively few years sub
stanaially the ability to foretell for an
a lipteelie period of tlne the occutu
iene of seraius eiartla initakes."
tn udisussig the shoeks whlch dev
IAlstted San Frails'o D)r. layes saild
that the iltlanate cause was undoubt
dl. "ta deep readulstinleaat' of the
earth, maiifesting itself uipon the sur
face by a slip along the Iline of a
f7atilt. These fatilts occur at variois
lhiCes upon tile earth's crtist aind ire
shlblair to those foual ia ore or coal
veins, except. that their scale Is thou
satluIs of feet Comlpared to lucels Ih the
in ame seale. Wlhen foir any cause a
dieli reaijustient takes place the sur
f'iav ef(fect usually follows the linle of a
Whent1-i solinhody asked vhaat caused
this deep readjiishienit Dr. Iayes
.ih-d a d ra plidt :
"That is jlst what the geologists are
asizinig. '\\'hy' is what we want to
kinow. Tlhat is the g-reat problem or
oneo (W the gi'reat prohh'ihs that w\,e are
simdyig all the tihine. \\'e know that
eerb'i'it 1tri'hs of' the (arlth aire slowly
goling down' i and othl ml ats arie rlslig.
Tlitt las Itw'el goting olm ha C'allforaia.
inly yeterdayIlt (.\rnil 18 , speakhiag ge
itlo:. .ally. the ('cast limit of C'aliforia
was4 liited' upi to al conishtc'lera extenit.
iThe t'Irates ofI te old bhtL'line ar'e
easy to follohaw, 11uld 1the fact that the
hine hits been'i lftted to dhifer'enat hieghats
aI t dtfert'(t places ad thatt ha places it
liehs at ani antgle and not hiorizont ally
shiows fintit ft was lifted andit thaat it
wais inot the irecedliig or thae watet'
whllih left it ther'e.
"T1here are .several clearly defined
fautlts which run near andi oven
thritghi: ian Franaelseo,"' 'oiitined Dr.
11layes. lie took at geolohtgieal uiap and
poin td (oit. four or i ti. The1 iauoro ex- -
Stnsivye run1 just south of' thec city, but
ithere arei two 01' three wich'l cross thae
thle dIirect iota in wih thiIle etarthqulake
wva v e is c reotedca to havn e triaveled. The
tost pronotunliceda ci' then'ii passes
ilu'ou0gh I 'alIo Alto, where a vIolent
"it inay, bea," said Dr. IHayes, "thaat a
sliii (ttr'trred't soituewhero at thae upper
or1 noitrtr clnd 01' oiae of theso failts
atal, folinig downa to thae southeast,
pr'otuttee the shock that destroyed Sian
Frianlcisco and1( wrecked Palo Alto
contly Art TIrensures Lost.
Th'le Me'tr'op)oltant Muasetn of Ar't in
New York haas lost it the Sana Fraincis
co fire aaear'ly tall or theo paintings be..
(<iaeathied to it by Collis P. llutn tigton,
stays thae Newv York Tribune. 'The livo
thant swept over Nob laill early thae otha
or inorrn' g overwh'eichngd the ol C'ollis
P. llunttington . Se in Caifiornaia
streelt, betwee en~9 anad T.'aylor
streets. Storedi n 1te old house was
the greator lpar't 9p9: the art tr'easure's
('olleetetd ,by the rtairoad inan. Ini adt
dltloi .t * hoa pictures compajrlsing thae
MlOtropolu411 ilgacy we're nealy3 aL
hundre. othiers of lesser' niot. Aft'.
I Iunting'on spent years ha acqjuiriing
thIs colleelilen. Wheti lie (lied the best
pictures in lisa collectIon were w'illed to
the Meiropoli Itan mutil ml. A conaditonm
in the w',ill, how~ueve~r, left them in thio
possessiona of' the, f'amily durlintg tho
Iiv~es of Mi's. IIuntlington aind Ar'chier
Mt. 1lun11tigtn, 11ind not totfh1 their
dea'ith could they 6t0 huing ini the mun
sceiia. Somei) p)~ictre In the heguacy
Mras. ilantngtonl brotught east, aiad
thlay nOW hang Iia her ltCh avenOuI(
hioase hn New York aiid her houtso at
Tihrogs Neck, bitt theoy [form onaly a
friactioni of the enatire collectiona Idet by
Mra. I1iuntinagton), and thae loss to thae
mutseumi represented bty the destroyed
p jaintinlgs will amaounit to manay thou

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