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The Pickens sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1903-1906, May 02, 1906, Image 6

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)e utUl Std les, Rdhied by
Ban Francisco's Earthquake.
Luxurious )selSe Iotel, That Cost
ooo0,ooo-Olir IHouse, That sld ]In
to the sea, Was Favorite Resort of
ThouanMd*-Massive Mill's Building
*ad isgest church Gone.
According to the most authentic re
ports from San Francisco, the earth
quake and following Oro destroyed the
finest buildings as well as the poorest
in the city, says the New York Times.
.Lhe flames went marching up the hill
from the downtown sections, where
buddled the Chinese by the thousands,
to Van Ness avenue, the Fifth avenue
of San Francisco, destroying some of
the most palatial homes. Here tare
brief descriptions of some of the best
known buildings in the city that were
.-The Pal
- New Mont
two and a
s seven sto
ries high. The building cost $7,000,000
and was projected by the late W. C.
Ralston. The Palace was the most fa
mous hotel in the city. It was the ren
dezvous of many notable men about
town, particularly the gourmands of
San Francisco.
The building was a hugo pile of
stone and brick, in the center of which
,was a court 84 by 144 feet. It had a
bitumen drive for carriages fifty feet
in diameter. The floor of the prom
enade was paved with marble. The
,west end of the court was encircled by
a series of Doric pillars of classic de
sign. The pillars were surmounted by
a coping on which were tropical plants
and flowers. Tables and settees were
usually scattered about the court,
where men might have an afternoon
phat and smoke.
The court was covered by a glass
roof, and a goodly number of the 85(
rooms looked out into this opening,
which furnished them with a subdued
light. The Palace hotel was connected
by a bridge across New Montgomery
street with the Grand hotel, which was
under the same management and
which was also destroyed.
The Palace hotel was provided witi:
reading and smoking rooms, social,
women's and men's parlors, telegrapl
offices, billiard rooms, five elevators, 1
restaurant and a grill room, which wa,
considered one of the most elegant din
Ing apartments for men in the world
The outer and inner partitions were o
brick from top to bottom. Four arte
sian wells furnished the hotel with wil
ter. From the top of the hotel a flu
birdseye view of the city could be ol
tained. The extent of the corridoi
amounted to some two and a ha
miles. The style of the building wt
peculiarly San Franciscan, bay wi
dows abounding.
The Cliff House.-This stood on Poli
Lobos, at the south head of the Gold(
Gate, on the extreme western coast
the peninsula upon which San Fra
cisco was built. It slid into the sea.
.was a favorite resort in the suimm
attracting thousands from the thickl
settled eastern section of San Fral
cisco. One could sit on the verandi
and look out over the ocean and wvate
sea lions liaying around the rocks
few hundred yards distant. Out to th
south ho could see a long line of ser
beach upon which the breakers rolle<
On a clear day Farallone islands, twer
ty-six miles distant, can be seen fror
the spot where stood the Cliff [House.
The huge structure that slId into th
sea was designed after a French cha
teaut of the seventeenth century. Itun
ning around It was an inclosed ba]
cony. There were parlors, dlninj
rooms and halls where photographs o1
local objects of interest and curio:
wvere sold.
The Cliff House has suffered severa)
disasters. It was first built in 1803. 11
was partly wrecked in July, 1880, whet:
the schooner Parallel drifted inshori
with 80,000 pounds of dynamite oil
board, which exploded. Having beetl
rebuilt, it was burned to the ground oil
Christmas night of 1894. Cliff Hoeust
wvas seven miles from the Palace hotel,
and several car lines led to it. Its
keepers boasted that Presidents Grant,
Hayes and Harrison had stood on its
Mills Bullding.-This was one of the
finest buildings in the city, being ten
stories high and madeo of Califoria
marble, light pressed brick and terra:
cotta, it cost $1,500,00 and was ptut
up in 1801-92 by D. 0. Mills at the
northeast corner of Montgomery and
Bush streets. The three entrances fron
Bush, Pine and Montgomery streeti
led into a great open court in the een
ter. The entrance from Montgomera
street was through a magnificent mar
ble arch that extended to the top of thi
second story. Trho halls were tiled an<
wainscoted with marble. A complet<
law library was supplied for the use o
the tenants. 'rho United States weatl1
or bureau had its headquarters on th:
top floor, witht the signal station on th:
roof. This was another building whic
the San Franclscan was always pirou
to point out to the visitor. Built<
Iron, stone, brick and marble througl
out, it was thought to he proof againt
both earthquakes and fires.
City Hall.-This occupied a larj
three cornered tract of land bound<
by Larkin an4 McAllster streets at
City Hall Ayyp it required twenti
41vo years .tQ 40gt this building, al
San FrancisoansJearned to designate
long period by psying, "4 11g as
mrill take to build the c~y~all"
40et betweep $7,000,000 #) D,000,0
Connected with the city wi'iD~ as I
'HtIall of Records, which . urmou
b1 y #110one.184 feet 145 The bul
00is of Teachers Examination.
~t*next regular tehers examnit
,.~;~x~;:AI~ow bis county will be hold
~4;;4be~jado, in the qurb House, iF
~b(~r~ ~8th. E 1ination will 1
~"'~l pw~tniptly .4t05 tbook. . All
4 uiistJ teir own s
I i aid'Ii r brlyit i~
stood was'formerly ra Iuia
coietery, and there once Jay the be
les of the early pio e.S of the city.
The bodies were removed to Laurel
11111 and other cemeteries In the early
sixties. In the notthwest wing of the
building was the c'ty prison. The Re
ceiving hospital occupied a like posi
tion in the southwest wing.
St. Ignatius' Church.-This was the
biggest church in the city. It stood in
the fashionable district on Hayes
street, between Van Ness avenue and
Franklin street. It cost $2,000,000 and
was the finest Jesuitical church in the
world. Its spires, 275 feet high, were
the tallest in California. Its organ was
the second largest in America and was
the only one on the coast operated by
electricity. It weighed 100,000 pounds.
Its central columns were surmounted
by life sized angels, with trumpets,
and the outer ones supported huge
urns holding burning torches. The or
gan was presented to the church by
Mrs. Welch. The main hall of the
church was 200 feet long. Hlanging
over the altar was a large oil painting
representing the reception in heaven
of St. Ignatius Loyola.
The Chronicle Building.-This was
one of the first high buildings erected
in San Francisco. Its skeleton still
stood at Market, Geary and Kearney
streets at last reports. It was nine
stories high, surmounted by a bronze
clock tower 210 feet high. The build
ing was of pressed brick and a dark
brown sandstone that is found in Ven
tura county. The building was fitted
with all modern Improvements. It was
one of tho handsomo buildings that
made Newspaper corner a conter of no
little architectural beauty.
The Examuiner Building.-Before this
collapsed it was eight stories high,
standing on the southeast corner of
Market and Third streets, the corner
near which were all the big newspaper
offices. The oflices of the Examlier,
Mr. Hoarst's San Francisco paper, oe
cupied the rotunda of the building, the
rest being rented for offices. The build
ing was of the Spanish Renaissance
style. The severity of its exterior wa
broken by the ornamented windows ol
the' second story and the loggias witi
their decorated columns along the tot
The Call Building.-This was the tall
est building on the Paielfle coast an(
was occupied by the San Franclse
Call, having in it besides 272 offices. I
was erected in 1800-97 at the soutli
west corner of Market and Thir
streets. From the basement to the to
of the dome was 800 feet. There wei
sixteen floors. It was constructed er
tirely of marble, sandstone and ste
and was considered fireproof. It wti
of no little architectural beauty.
was one of the first buildings see
when one entered San Francisco.
Mark Hopkins Instituto.-This wf
0 formerly the magnificent private rei
dence of Mark Hopkins, one of Ca
i fornia's pioneer citizens, at the sout
east corner of California and Masc
a streets. It wis given to the city
1803 by E. F. Searles of Methue
Mass. It had been used for illustrati<
t and instruction in the flne arts. It co
tallied inlily fine speclmens of pail
ing and sculpture. A spacious galli
-had recenltly been addedl to tile inst
tute. 'The interior of the house was fi
r.ished wvithl rare woods and beautif1
Tile Hail of Justice.-This was one
Stile newest, if not tile newest, pubi
building in tile city. It was situated c
tile east side of Kearny street, b
0tween Washington anid Mercham
streets, opposite Portsmiouthi squar
'[ho cornerstone was laid in 1800.
conltained plolice headquarters, tile p
lice courts amnd tile criminal dlopar
ments of the superior court. It stoc
on notorious ground. It was inl thn
neigh~borhlood thlat the ruost famnot
gamblinig denis were onlce located, anI
there later on1 tile Jenny Lind thleatc
was burned dlown and rebuilt.
'The following are seine of tile othe
buildings thait were destroyed: Thm
Crocker building, thle Fairmoumnt hlote
tile Lick House, tile Grand Oper
House, Merchants' Exchange, tile Occi
dental hotel, the Russ IHouse, Parrot
building, Phelan building, Hlibernii
bank, California hotel, Grace church
Orpheuml theater, Columbia theate>
and Mechanics' pavilion.
Golden Gate City's Wealth.
The assessced valuation of all thc
real property of San Francisco for thit
present year was $402,127,261, and the
personal property wais valued at $122,.
268,4100, mlaing a total alssessed valua.
Ition of $524,385,007. The alsCsesments
equaled ab~out 05 to 70 per cent of thmc
actual value. On this basis tile real
andc personal property of tile city hasl
a value of $800,000,000. Its [populatior
last year was estiiated at 450,000
Mortgage anid goods In stock and
.- manullfactureo are inlet included in thib
estimate. Tile city had 0one of thc
- smallest municipal debts of anyl larg<
y city in tile Union. Tile water, gas and
i electric light plants were not ownled by
a the city. Its total debt anmounlts tc
f emnly $4,248,372. Its city property, in
e luding lparks andi municipal buildings
o was valued at $30,543,000.
hi P'art of Country safe and Unsnfe.
d The parts of tile United States whici
f are safe as well as unsafe from earthl
i- quakes are herewith stated by tile Nov
it York Herald.
Safe from earthlquakes: Rloston, Nel
to York, Philadelphia, Washington, Rit
md mond, Raleigh, N. 0.; Augusta and Cc
id lumlbus, Ga., and Appalachian regio
y- wvest of a line between tihese cities.
id Liable to earthmquakes: Coastal reglo
a of uncertaini clay; sandl and rock foi
it mation east of a line between tile ci
It les mientioned; tile Pacific coast an
30. portions of the Mississippi valley, e
hle pecially the region of tile Now Madri
at- earthquake in wostern Tennessee at
Id- eastern Missouri.
a. All nations are endeavoring to chec
at ihe ravagens of consum11ption, the "Wii
ri-p'aptmo" thmat claims so many viotims eao
riyear. Foley's Honecy an~d Tar curd
>O- cau~ghs and colds p~erfectly and you am
-p ml no danger of consunmption. Do n<
ba- risk your hlealthl by tak ing some .l
known preparation when Foley's Hone
and 'Tar is safe and certinl in resulta
Ask for Foley's Honey and Tar and it
sist upoW imaying it. blokeus Drug, Ci
o -
S- r
Ir -[
N; 0(
J- C-.
t - t
t R
o Wa
k* On a o o t m., h a, n 1
IV .19
S plaattstlrnIaxtvIritadTr asa (Lratadlugtoey
11 Syu scpoilyrco mne ?rado ocuto h gra1mrt 'n
.1oe<adcilrn Itde otwu oulrt f oe-Hne n a
SANnt o :gRANCiISC andHrdTEAUy OFn CmiAtioS aR ferELoShgn
4 ahrin OioLaaieFri y~p it.Tha othesipainhv
. id dgstonan tiults helie smia sooig nm-' eaoo
y' an-ot ihu riaigte.R ie.TeguioFls ioe n
r * i no- 95 --1J
-i ; -. -- .
M~ r& "
- s , s
L4 -
"-V -p--,
InN 2
S - f .q'y - "j -- N
-Ti Cj' ' ~' 4
Wt tM c 4AJ4A i 444
"I -ai e 'ouble wh 'na i
fb h .n n .- etw l 'ide rdwt
snug t s1 weh'one raef. I;nall N
twobot~l onu otly rbneM dt' I
ovret:. Atn to(kid /y, a ,-0N0
by itsing Foley's~ki y rj( . I ku
FO AL --F le.la,/ic
i-oro ,erPerlsen no4
J. Lnsh r Kelly
nean .w $tral,~ ;.;jS'.3C
sign of phy leal rosoarehes of tbO
United' States geological survey1 :ho
llve( many years -an Califorila and
who has mado a special study of sois
mological disturbances for the govorlp
mont, says the earthquako in' Califor
ulat bas- IQ relation to the recent ertp \
tions of Vesuvius. lHe ascrkbes the
''shako" to tin unusually acute d'elop
ment in the process of - "faulting,"
whleh has been going on along the Pa
clle coast-for thottsands of years, says
a Vashington special to the New York
Trilune. This process consists. in a re
adjustment of the rocks forming the
crust of the earth.
"h'lho people of California," sald Dr.
Becker, "have not been having their
usual monthly 'shakes' recently, and
so this time they got themII in a lump.
'fhe case might be likened to thuat of a
man suffering with 'Cver, wlhose regu
lar attack of chills In a Imildform had
phaps been postponed for a long
time an1d then the dhl;ease shook him
all at Once in
"The coast ' . T
been rising for
Is shown by t
the coast, old aeni., .. .
high 111upon the Cliffs where the sea evi
(etity at one t e wahed. There is
it peciiar geologie n:r4 to be noted
zIlso in the trace.4 of a fish known
IoulaUrly as i 'idat fish.' whieh bur
rows into the beacllos. The holes mado
1)y these fIsh are found Ihgi up on the
e. ,fs, showIng 1111t the coast has grad
iiAlly risen ab1ove the sea. Along the
co:st of Calliforniai, at a relatively
shrLt distance from the shore, the
mh> i wter suddenly becomes ,very
deop an1d from a depth of a few.
f:11htomus (han.ges abriptly to a depth
of perhaps thousand. of fathoms. This
great submarine elIff extends all the
way to Chile. the same geologcal for
a1101tion bling ioted generally. Con
tlnuing it extminations still more,
we find that this samie general forma
tion extends to Japan. Actually It
imy be describedi as a great line of
uplift in the earth's surface extending
all the way from Singapore around to
"it wonild iot be surprising if we
heard of severe shakes along the fis
sure extemlling ' from California to
South Amorlea, which I hamve describ
led, aid possibly we will hear reports
of a disturbance 1h Chile similar to
that in an 1"rancisco, but it would be
lite to the satme chaunge in'elevation. I
would like to add that I (1o not think
there is any.%, danger of a recurrence of
a severe earthquake of this kind in
California for a very long period of
time. O' course there may be mild
haIkes for somie tlne, but The read
z:s1an imnt of the eath'tl's crust in this
distur'bance was probably so complete
ib tt there vill be 10 no change in the
goplogioleail formation for many years.
peoplht of Sant Franiieisco should be
er1.ourag'ed to go ahead ant build up
their city greater than ever, becauso
they tmay feel coifldent that the worst
is over."
Charileston Disnxiter Regn11ed-Thou. A
Niads hilled Ini Japan.~i
T1he last great earthquake in the
UnIted States wahs thalt of Charleston,
S. C., in 1830, says the New YorkC
Tirib~une. Th'ils earthquake was p~rccedl
ed 1by mlior tremors, to wihich little.
nttenltion) was ptad. Th~le pri'ncipal
shoek'i occuitled ablouit 0one minute, and
other shocks followecd at intervalt wvith
gradually diminishing vIolence. At the
etul of four weecks they had ceased to
be- destructive, but tremors were oc
casIinally obiserv'ed for several months
In Charleston the movemnats were
less .violent than at the center .of the
*disturbances, a )oiuit ffteen miles wecst
of th ity'. A large nuinber of liouses
In the city were throwvn doewn, and
nearly' all the buildings in the city
w'ere more or less damaged. Th'e dam
age was 'ompliulled at $S,O00000. T1wen
tymeSvent persons1 were killed outright
and others died afterward from in
juries received.
-IFollng is a list of the most do
structive ear1thqualikes or the last two
cen turi'es:
- Number
- ' killed.
103 Yeoddo, Japan..................100,000
17111 Algiers, Algeria ............... 18,0001
1726 Paliermno, Italy ..................(1,000
1i31 Peking, China .......'...95.000 'T
17-h Linma, P'eru.................... 18,000
l~if Cairo, IEgypt................... 40,000
13 Libon, Porjatugal .............. 35,000
I 773 Guate..min, Central America... 33,000
17971 Quito. 10cuad1or'....................41,000
1822 Aileppo, Tu'rkey................... 22000
13G1 Mendoza, Argentina ..............12,000
18%3 Arica, Chle..................... 0,000
!13 Malznila, PhliippIno Islinls.....3,000
13 Ischuia, Italy................... 2,000
seemed to Affect the utt.
Perhiap1 the ntews of the San Fran- .
cisco e11athqlunke was telegraphed
across the continent in some strange
way to the aninals, says the Now YorlC
~Timines. Several NeowYorkers saw rats,
appathiently dr1iven1 from their holes by
somei dlisturbanlce and, dlazed with fear,
ylgy' on the streets the day aifter
th le earthq1(uake T(, he anhunals ran11
ar1ound antd frolicked ats if they had
na: fear or dogs or~ of persons wh'o
camel near' thtem. TIhe samne p~henomue
non1, if t it can be0 enlled thitt, wasH ob
ser'ive~d in Washuingtoni an td othier cities
alt the time of' the Charlesh~toni earth
c1tinke or 1880I.
W .hant P'rofessor Piecering Says,
P 1iofeksor P'icker'ing of Ilarvard, ae-.
cording to ai Itoton disptfch, say3s the
'San Flraneliseo eatuaki~n{e was not duo
as Notice to Pickens Coimty Teacher's.
O)in(accouint of 13o many of the
ebi whts inI ilus tiiui y having closed
ti.ir i' m'i'n', t Iho Comniitt ee doome
I. w%'I- 'o mpean d furt her meetinge
f th Teneber)('s Association for the
S. ME. WTOLi.,
- Acting Seoy.

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