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I " * ' ' " VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. G, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY II, 1885.' NO.'20. WILMINGTON. COLUMBIA ANI> AUGUSTA UAILKOAI>. Going Sou h No 48 no 40 Leave Wilmington y :t0 p m 11 10 |i m Arrive at Florence I SO a in 2 20 a 11 Arrive at Columbia A 10 it in Going North no 43 no 47 Leave Columbia 10 00 p 11 Leave Florence 4 50 p in 1 42 a 11 Arrive at Wilmington .... 7 40 p m 0 10 a 11 Train no. 4:1 stops at all stations. Xos. 4.1 and 47 stop onlv at llrinklev's, Wliiteville Flemingtou, Fair lit 11 il\ Marion, Florence Tiimnor.svillr, Sumter, camden junction aril Eastnrer. Passengers for Columbia and ul points on c ? u r k, c, c a auk, Aiken Junction anil all points beyond, should take No. 48 night express Separate Pullman sleeper.for Charleston and Augusta on trains 48 am 47. All trains run solid between chailestoi and Wilmington. SPARTAXRURG AN1) ASIIKVILI/E RA1I.KOA1J On and after May 12, 1884, pnsscntrei trains will bo run daily, except Sunday, between Spartanburg and lleudcr.sonvillc as> follows: IT TRAIN. Leave R. A D- Depnl nt Spartanburg 0 00 p ni Lea vo Spartanburg:, A. I.. depot CIO pm I.cava Saluda 8 50 |i m I.tave Flat Rock 9 15 ]> in A rrivc Hemi-.'rsonvUie 'J .'10 p. .ti DOWN MR.11X. Leave Henderson villi; 8 00 a ni I.cave Flat Ruck 8 15 a ni IieuvK Saluda 9 00 a m Leavr Air Line Junction 11 25 a ni Arrive K. <V I) Depot Spartanburg II JO a m Trains on this road run by Air-Line time. Uoth trains makr eonnecliois for Columbia kuU Charleston via Spurl anburjr, I'nion and Columbia: Atlanta aud Charlotte by Air I,inc. JAMES ANDERSON*, Superintendent. ^JOXDKXSKD TIME CARD Magnolia Passenger Route. In effect September 14, 1SS-1. COINfi SOITH. Arrive Port llnynl. fi Hi put " Chaleston 6 il) pm " Savannah G 42 inn " Jacksonville. 0 0U am OUINU KOHTII. T.envc JnckHOuville 6 30 pm " Savannah C 55 am " Charleston C 1(1 am Leavu Fori Roral T 25 am I " Heaufort T 37 a in " Autrustti 1 40 jim Leave Atlanta |S 50 pin Arrivo Augusta fi 10 am Luave Augusta 4 00 pni b 10 am Arriro tireenwobd 9 1)0 pin II HO am Tickets on snlo at Creeiiwood to all points at through rates?baggage chccked to destination. \V. F. Shki.I.Mav, TralTie Manager. J. X. lUiis, Superintendent. SOUTH CAROLINA RAILWAY COMPANY. Commencing Sunday. Sept. 7th, 1SSI, at 2 35 a in, Passenger Trains will run as follows until further notice, "Kastern lime:" ColHl/lfiiu Jlicixioi) ? Daily. Leare Columbia 7 48 a in .r> 27 p ih Due at Charleston 12 20 p m ii :5S p hi Leave Charleston 7 110 a in 4 HO p m Due at Columbia 11 00 p m 22 a in Cui/u/m ]>icittion?Daily exccpt Sundays. Leave Columbia 7 48 a tn 5 27 p in Due Camden 12 55 n in 8 25 n in Leave Camden 7 15 a in 4 nil p in Due Columbia 11 00 n in *. 22 p m A1ii/unta It!vifitut ? Daily. Leave Columbia ft 27 p in Due August!) 7 41 r? m Leave Augusta It 50 o in Due Columbia 9 2'.' m Connection* Made at Columbia with Columbia and Greenville railroad by train arriving ut II 00 n. in. and departing at b 27 p. in.: at Columbia Junction with Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta railroad by same train to and from all points on both roads. At Charleston with steamers for Xew York on Saturday: and on Tuesday and Saturday with steamer for Jacksonville ami points on St. John's river; also, with Charleston and Savaunah Railroad to and from Savannah and all points in Florida. At Angusta with Georgia and Central railroads to and from all points West and South; at lilackville to and from all points on Harn,??ii ?n;i. 1 Tl 1. *:_l_.*_ ? . ncu miiKinu. A III uu^ll IIUMMS CU11 UC |)lircharted to all points South and West by applying to 1>. McQitekx, Agent, Columbia, S. C. John 11. Pkck, General Manager. 1). C. Ai.i.ek, Gen. Pass. and Ticket Ajr't C10LUMHIA A Nl> j GREENVILLE RAILROAD. On and after October it, 1881, Paasknoek Tkaixh will run as herewith indicated upon this road and its branche*. I>aily, t rctpl Sunday*. No. S3. UP PASSENGER* Leave Columbia S. C. Jmic'n 10-15 jt m " Columbia C. k G. I> 11 10 p in Arrive Alston 12 10 p in " Newberrv I 1.1 p in Ninety-Six 2 47 it m ( ruenwood 3 09 p in Iloiljies 3 33 |? in lWlton 4 40 |> in at Greenville ft 05 t> m No. 52. DOWN PASSENGER. Leave Greenville at .". II 50 a in Arrive Bel ton II 13 u in Hodges 12 23 p in Greenwood 12 48 piu Ninelv-Six 1 82 p in Newberry 3 02 p m Alaton 4 10 p in * Columbia C. &. G. I) 5 15 pin Arrive Columbia SC. Junc'ti 5 30 p ni rARTANBI BO, I'NION* * COLUMBIA RAIL ROAI). XO. 63. Dl' I'ASSKNUKIt. Leave Ala ton 12 52 p in " U nlon S 55 p in " Spartanburg, S.U.&C.depot,5 50 p ni NO. 52. DOWN rAH8KNUK.lt. Li ve Spart'fc H. k 1). Bepot .... 10 35 a m " Snart'p S. U. & 6'. Depot ..10 50 a in " Lnion 12 50 p in Arrive at Alaton i 4d p ni I. At'KENS KAII.BOAD. Leave Newber**y 3 30 pin Arrive at Laurena C. II C 50 p ni T,?nv?? F.unr?t?? f' II ' -,A - ? v.... -aw n ill Arrive at Newberry ..11 10 p m ABBKVI I.I.K IIKANCH. 1/oave Hodges ' 3 45 p in Arrireat Abbeville 4 45 p in I.on vo Abbeville 11 Oft a in Arrire at Hodges 12 00 p ni BLUE HI DO K R AII.KO A I? AND AKDKK80N BRANCH. Leave Bolton * 4 45 p in Arrive Anderson 4 18 p in " Pondleton 5 56 p id " Seneca e...^ C 40 p in Arrire at Walballd 7 04 p in Leave Walhnlla 8 50 a in Arrivo Schccu 9 15 a in " Pendleton 9*52 a m " Anderson 10 .13 a m Arrive at Helton II 08 a m VOXXK CTJOXS. A. With South Carolina railroad to mid from Charleston; with Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta railroad from Wilmington and all B?int? north thereof; with Charlotte, Coluinia and Augusta railroad from Charlotte and all iKiints north thereof. B. With Aahsville ana Spartanburg railroad from ar.c 'or points in Western N. Carolina. C. With Atlanta and , Charlotte div Richmond and Danville railway for Atlaotaand all points south and weat. Standard Eatttrn Time. O. R. TALCOTT, Superintendent. M. Sj,atfOHTKB,Oen'l Passenger Agt. 1>. CAabWKLL, Asa't Gen'l Pass. Agt. :&h;: ' 5w#. ' Richmond ami danville KA ILllOAD. /'iiAKr?</. ! Pf'ntr/nit nt.?On and after Aug. 3H. 1884, passenger train service on the A. and C. Division will be as follows: Xnrt/i irarJ. No. 51* No. 531 Leave Atlanta 4 411 p in 8 40 a m arrive Gainesville B 57 p in 10 35 a in I.nix a 7 25 ]> m 11 01 a in Kahiin Gapjuuc A. 8 12 p in 11 .'10 a ni Toecoa r ........ 8 54 p in 12 04 p m Seneca City </ 0 59 p m 1 00 p in Central .. 10 32 p n? 1 52 p m Liberty 10 53 p in 2 13 p in Easier 1110pm 2 27 p ni Greenville e 11 42 p in 2 47 p in Spartanburg f .... 1 01 a ni 3 5C p m Gastonia </ 3 20 a in 5 54 p m charlotte h 4 10 a in 6 40 p in <Sout hint nl. No. 50* No. 52f Leave charlotle 1 45 a in I 00 p m arri veGtistmiia 2 30 a ni I 45 p ui Spartanburg 4 28 a in 3 45 p in Greenville 5 43 a m 4 55 p in Kaslcy 6 17 a in 6 2G p in Liberty . A 34 a in 5 42 p ni Central 0 55am 600pm Seneca city 7 33 a in 7 30 p in Toccoa 8 40 a in 7 35 p in Kabul) Cap juuc... 'J 34 a m 8 30 p in Liila 10 0'J a ni 8 511 p m Gainesville .... *..10 36 a in 0 25 p m Atlanta 1 00 p m 11 30 a in *Kxprcss. fMail. Freight trains on this road all carry passencors; passenger trains run through to Danville and connect with Virginia Midland railway to all eastern cities, and at Atlanta with all lines divergiii}*. No. 50 leaves Richmond at 1 p in and No. 51 arrives there at 4 p in: 52 leaves Richmond at 2 2H a in, 53 arrives there at 7 41 a til linjrel Sleeping Cars irif/iovt rfmnt/e: <">n trains Xos. 50 anil 51, New York and Atlanta, via Wa.shii.jrton and Danville, (in-ensburo and Ashcvillo; on trains Xos. and 5i?, Richmond and Danville, Washington, Augusta anil Now i\..l fl'l t- i! -1. - - - i I iiruil^ll 11 CM'IS 011 SillO HI Charlotte, (Jreenville, Seneca, Spartnnhnrjr and (Jainesville to nil points south, southwest, north and cast. A connects with N". K. railroad to and from Athens; t> with N'. K. to and from Tallulah Falls; r with MI. Air l?inu to and fioin Klberton and Iiowersville; il with Hlno Uidjje to and from Walhalla; ? with and (J. to and from (Jroenwood, Xewhorry, Alston and (/'(dumhin;with A. & S. and S.. I*. ?Xr C. to ami from llendersonville, Alston, iVc.; <j with Chester and Lenoir to ami from Chester, Vorkrille and Dal- j las; h with N. (J. division and 0., C. tV A. to and from (ireenshoro, llnlcigh, i\:c Ki>Mrxi> Hkkki.ky, Supt. M. SUmi/hfrr. (Jen. Pass. Agt. A. Ij. ItiveH, 2d V. P. ami (Scu. Man. I^TLAXTIC COAST LINK, | I'ASSKXUI2U DKl'AIIMMKXT, j H'ifluitiy/oii. A". .lull/ 10/h, IS.V;. KK.W 1.1 VIC h.u? <"M t..-? i - W..... | Columbia Jiiitl 11 jijior South Carolina. J coxliknski) .schkihm.k. i <2aimi> go i no i ! wkst. k.vst. j [ T 00 am Ijv .... ('Iiarle.ston.... Ar. 0 45 |>tti I I 8 40 . ...l.ancs , " R 05 " I I 0 -IS " " ,...Siimli>r " 0 55 " II 00 pin Ar ... Columbia Iiv. 6 30 " 231 " 44 Winnsboro 44 3 -IS 41 3 45 44 44 Chester 44 '1 4 J 44 j 5 35 44 44 ....Yorkville *' 1 00 44 : 6 25 " " Lancaster " 0 00 44 I 5 06 " " Hock Hill 14 2 00 44 j (i 15 " " ....ChmbitU.. " 1 00 44 1 13 pm Ar Newberry I.v 3 02 pm 5 0 9 44 44 Crcftiwood 44 12 43 44 6 50 " " ....Laurens 44 7 4 0 am b 18 44 " ....Anderson 44 1 0 3 3 44 6 0? " " (ircetiville 44 0 50 " T 03 " ' .... WaHiaMit 44 8 50 " 4 45 44 4> ... Abbeville 44 1 1 00 44 6 50 44 "4 .... Spartanburg.... 44 1C50 44 ! 9 30 i"' 41 ... Iloiiilersiinvillv . '* 8 00 44 ; Selid Trains between Charleston mid Colmnj bin. S. C. J "P. niVlXK, T. M. KMKKSOX. Gon'l Sup't. Gon'l Pas. Agent. ?JENT11AL HOTKL, Mus. M. \V. Thomas, Proprietress. 11 road street, Augusta, (in. JJ L. MA nilY, Atornoy and Counsellor at Law. aiikyii.i.k c. a., k. v. Office formerly occupied by Judi?e Thomson. tf Ij. W. 1'KltltIN". T. V. COTIIHAN. pEHlllN- k COTHRAX, Attorneys at Law, Abbeville S. C. w. c. beset, jas. ii. lllfe. i.. w. smitu, Abbeville. Ninety-Six, Abbeville, jgENET, IUCE k SMITH, Attorneys at Law. Will practice in nil the Courts of the Stnte, and give prompt attention to all legal business entrusted to them. jnXCIIAXGK HOTEL, CiltHKN VH.IjIl, S. C. THE ONLY TWO-CLASS HOTEL IN THE WOHLI). W. It. White. Pkoimurtoh. C. WILLIAMS, Si'itnKON DKNTIHT, Greenwood, S. C., UHJUENK 11.0 A RY, Attorney and Counsellor at Ln\v, ' Abbeville, S. C.i Subscribe for the Mkrhknqkb. JAMES S. 1'ERRIX, Attorney nml Counsellor nt Law, Aiibeviu.k, C. II., S. C. Jan. 28, 1885-tf itonT. n. HEMrim.l. wsi. p. cai.loun. jjEMPHILL & CALHOUN, Attorneys at Law, adbkvim.k, s. c. Will practice in all the Courts of the State. Whnt nn Al?lr? Norlhi-rn Citizen thinkn f?r the Southern Kduoatioil Question. [Columbia Register.] Wo promised our readers to introduce to their attention certain portions of the address of the Rev. A. I>. Mayo delivered from Unity pulpit, Boston, Inst December. The Doctor first tells his Boston audience how ho came to undertake thn great work to which he lias devoted the remaining years of his highly useful life. He says: Karly in the year 1803 I went as a minister to the city of Cincinnati!, Ohio, then the border land of our great civil war. For ten years f remained there, occasionally journeying through the Southwest and observing carefully the Statu of affairs in the adjacent portion of the former slave States. Unable to go to the field, I was all the time asking myself what was to be my work in the upbuilding that I was sure must follow the complete wreck of the old Southern order of snrietv mwl lin?- ! cmilil J T meet the call of God to every patriot licart. It was not lon^ before I came to a v>ry d slii.ct opinion that, after the i oliticians, the ecclesiastics, and, possibly, some other sorts of people, had reached the end of their favorite plans of national reconciliation, the real work must begin, by establishing among the children of the South, of both races and all classes, a system of universal education, | which in turn would lift up the very ground lloor ol society * * * This slowly consolidated to a resolve that, when the call should come, I would go over and try to help those people in the beginnings of this mighty work. I could see it was to be a work difficult beyond expression. * * * So, for fifteen years, till 1880, in the Xoathwcstern, Middle ami Xew England States, 1 prepared myself in.lustriously for a ministry of education bv services and studies in educational affairs, trqeing^the relations of universal education to American history, and forming a large acquaintance with educational and public men. I?cfore 1 was half through with this preparation 1 heard the big horn blowing for me down in Dixie and made haste to answer the call. I went forth, and with such support as a few benevolent people of the North and the hospitalit v of the South gave mc, respecting no party in politics or sect in religion, have traversed this Southland now for more than four years in this ministry of education. * * * My talk will he in answer to these three questions: First. What is the actual state of a flairs through this vast region as 1 have seen it ? Second. What opportunities have been afforded mc for such work as mine, and just what 1 have been able to accomplish ? Third. What can wo all do in behalf of the present movement by the Southern people jor universal education ? And first, a word upon the situation. V - * ~ j ou can reau lor yoi rseives tne ligures of Southern illiteracy that appear in the national census of 1880. * * * You can also look upon the shrinkage in the valuation of these great Slates and cities in the years that followed tho war. * * * * All this I confirmed in the fourteen States, visited in my journeyings through more than four years. But, friends, it is one thing to sit in your parlor at home and read these columns of dead figures, ami quite another thing to look through and through tho state of society represented thereby, as I have seen it in the shape of living men, women and children. Imagine, if you can, an old Slate, more than half her people emancipated slaves, and their children, .another'great mnltWiiflA <-1 ? ->111-.? J ? V KIIU JICUJMf, CUHlg HI such ignorance and aloofness from the higher influences of our time as no native horn class can possibly experience here. Now, fancy what we. who regard ourselves as an intelligent Christian people, should do in such case, if. after a twenty years'struggle, wo found ourselves where the superior class of white people in one of those States?South Carolina, for example, is found to-day. I have come to understand how, in 1805, the whole upper story of Southern society was overturned as completely a* the ruof of a house was ever blown away in A cyclone ; arid how the foundations of society here, represented by 11 ...!! ! -- * 1 * iivc miiin) 11 lrceuincn, largely without knowledge, without property, the prey to ovcry sort of vice, their religon a half l'agiiu superstition, suddenly shot up into full citizenship, to do the work of legislation, to hold ovcry office of honor and trust thoughout sixteen States. And opposed to them the other part of tho foundations, another multitude of white people, in every grade of ignorance, full of race projudico, accustomed to tho violent lifo of a border civilization, ready to break out at any emergency into something worse than ordinary civil war. All that can happen in Buch a state of things I now understand from what 1 have seen. ? > If any body lias really looked upon the .sort of crowd that seventy-live per cent, of the colored people of the South is to-day, as these people toil in the fields of its vast, lonesome country, or swarm the streets of every village oil a holiday, ho will understand whnt it means to have a State government by such a majority, and how probable it is that any large body of Anglo-Saxon people in any part of America will consent to be so. governed. I have seen how multitudes of these poor people must live; how loose must bo the whole morale of their social life ; how they behave under religious excitment; how helpless many of them are to meet poverty, pestilence, evsn a change in the weather; and I marvel not at the social chasm that yawns between them and . the white race, ond am not surprised at any thing that happens. I have seen how improbable it is tftat these awful rivalries and repulsions should be kept out of the dif.V^ --rooms and the churches; how imposs^jj there should be just now any widespread. practical manifestations of democratic society and faithful co-oneration between clascs and largo and beneficent public spirit in some of these States. Of course, I have seen the best side of Southern society; for my ministry lit s carried me through all regions of its higher as well as lower life. IJutthe more I see of the superior people of the South (and a more attractive people does not exist on earth) the more I feel its utter helplessness to deal with the tremendous difficulties that involve the whole lower region of society. Its families, with growing exceptions, arc still struggling with poverty, just getting on their feet from under a wholesale wreck I oi twenty-live years ago. * * * Ami how all this Jells on every form of industry and enterprise; making the laborers on the land the dullest peasantry in Christendom; making progress in the development of that vast region slow and unstable (?), keeping down manufacturers (?) and skilled mechanics; throwing all classes of people into the ; hands of sharpers, wicked money-lenders and plunderers, who hover over the country like buzzards over the bat'.lelieldjaud how all this must unsettle the very foundation of private, State and 1 municipal credit, you can easily comprehend. This much portrays most graphically j the diffirult path the South has trodden j for (he past four years. Dr. Mayo then deals with "the bright side" he has seen. We tind we can not go further in reviewing this strikingly thoughtful address to-day but we will take up this "bright side'" of things as seen by the largeniinded Northern looker-on tomorrow. Our readers must not tire of our extended review of this most remarkable address, for it is the bell-note of true, enlightened progress, which any man at the South who has ears to hear should gladly hear. "Tlio Side" of iho Kducneiona! Question at. (lie South. We give our readers this morning another extract from the address of the llev. A. 1). Mayo, delivered from Unity n~-.? rv 1 iiu.ivuii, j'vuunnmr, 1BM4, showing uthe bright side of things," as the earnest worker in the great field of educational progress in the South saw it for himself. Before doing this, however, we would remark here that it is not a little singular that so sagacious an observer as Dr. Mayo should have esteemed the progress in the material development at the South "slow and unstable," and also that he should have dwelt on the intellectual condition of this section ;is tending ,-to keep down manufactures." when the whole South has siiruii" fiirwnr.l nt llm mAct ..... .?1...... - i O - *? mtiiiviuun pace i? material development sincc it shook off the carpet-bagger; and in the past four years, besides the great cotton product "in the vast lo:.osomo country," the South litis stepped forward in manufactures at such a ?poed as to astonish even her own people. It will bo remembered, however, that Dr. Mayo was speaking rather of the tendency of wide-spread ignorance to restrain and discourage that, material development which otherwise would feel the quickening instincts of an educated and informed neoule. Airnin. the Xortliorn observer of our progress may sagaciously see in it a tributo to our immense natural resources, crowding on the eye of the visiting stranger on every hnnd, no less to the social uplift of our society at the South. There is a great deal of truth in such a view of tho tnntter. Put this South-land to-morrow in the hands of a people educated to ''the bottom r:til." so ns to tnlc?> nr.il linM flwi solid facts of our unequalled resources before it, ami along with this match an intelligent, vivified, industrial elJWt nil along the line ; and can any man who knows the Sonth at nil fail to see what would he the splendid outcome of each a state of society ? If, with all the dense, stolid ignorance prevalent at the South in so many directions?if thirt uninspired, dumb, bruto forco could aehieve, under our tremendouR difficulties aud social throes, what wo hare - . I done, what might not he dona if tin electric lijrht of education?useful education?could ho shot thlough these dumh masses, giving them light and hope and strength, instead of the darkDoss, the doltish indiHeroncc and weakness. which besot us on every hand ' Just here, then, we may, with eager in quiry, look to that bright side of eduucational progress which is to re-illumine our Souther picture, so long shadowed by revolutionary confusion and distempered discord. We again, then, call Dr. Mayo to the platform in this behalf, as follows : Hut I have seen a bright side?sc bright, indeed, that it has always kepi me abovc|discourngcmcnt, and broughl me out, at the end of four years' observation, full of hope and conlidence foi the future South of our beloved land beginning at the foundation, I have seen how wonderfully God has wroughi in tho history of the freednien. Twc hundred and fifty years ago the firsl slave ship landed the first cargo of African on the beach of old Virginia, in plain siy-..- x.' . '??? snot where now rise tho towers of General 'Armstrong's Normal and Industrial Hampton school, Only seventy-live years ago slave ships from New Kngland and Old England wore landing thousands of the same people in all tho seaports of the South. These people were often slaves at home, degraded beyond the degradation of every race we have known. Hut they were scattered among tho families of n Christian country that became a repub lie nearly one hundred years ago. They learned in their state of slavery the three fundamental lessons in the I nrocross of nnv rner? : First steady, profitable work : second, the language of n civilized country; third, the religion of .Jesus Christ, which is destined to break every yoke on body or soul, and redeem every son and daughter of (iod. In this school of bondage they multiplied like the leaved of the trees, till now they number more than six millions, and last year every soul of them was represented by a bale of cotton in the bounteous harvest fields of the Sunny South. Never was such a spectacle before as this development, so rapid from savage life to citizenship in the world's chicf republic. Spite of all that is discouraging in the life of the freedman to-day, no such great work was ever before wrought on so vast a scale in the annals of civilized man. The colored people of Georgia last year represented at least $8,000,000 of property earned and saved in fifteen years, and owned one-twelfth of the live stock of that enterprising State; and those people own $100,000,000 in the whole South. I have spoken to several thousand of these young people within four years, gathered ii) the great schools, supported hy the Northern Christian peoplo, with occasional aid from their State governments (?) ; and when 1 see how easily they take to good schooling in letters and manners, and mark their slow hut sure growth in morals, I have no fear of the future of tho colored man, if he can he kept out of the hands of his foolish, wicked iriends, and guided by the best wisdom of the whole American people years to come. 1 have marked this, that the various classes of the poor white people of the South (and there are many grades of in iiriiigcnri;, ciiiiraciur imu ministry comprised in the several millions of this class) still hold fust the bottom quality of the old British stock, and arc developing every year, in productive work, in morale, in the desire for education, in thoughtful attention to public offairs. We shall do well to put in all possible good work amour/ the children of the poor while man of South Carolina for the next Jiffy years; for he is bound to bccomc a prodigious power in those States, and can be educated up to a mighty powerJ'orgood. Every little white girl in the beautiful school of Amy Bradley, at Wilmington, N. 0., would have grown upas wild, as unkept, as helpless as that group 1 saw in Alabama, had not the Lord come by in the form of a good school-mistress, and made of them all such a kind of children un no iingiiL ma uc amiiiiuvu lu Cilll our own. Atul I have seen as fast as education lays its forming hand on these poor children, colored or white, they begin to draw near each other in jnptice, peace and harmony. 1 have no anticipations of a Southern millenium ; but I can believe that a generation of good schooling, better churching, intelligent industry and improved homes will, at least, enable these classes to dwell together in the unity of a common citizenship in the land wb love. The war was also a revoolution of emancipation to the poor white men of the South ; and therefore, lite u*n \r Je Alton tn tlin uitinmSl n f .A mnw ican life, ami already ho is beginning to walk vigorously therein. I have seen, with nn interest I cannot express, the present attitude of the higher classes of the southern people. Of course, we are not to look at people past middle life, the survivors and sufferers from the awful wreck of war, foi the most hopeful view. Yet even they are often hearing themselves with a patience, dignity and spirit of returning friendliness, to which some of us, I feai have not yet attained. Hut my ministry has been chiefly among the children, the youth, their teachers# and friends?the j/nun(f South; and there 1 have found little to doplore and almost everything to hope. 1 have spoken to thousands ol the daughters ?ml sons we were fighting nmHmacanannBnaBBnaiDaaBBnn ' less than twenty years ago, many of them . children of the leaders in that conflict; and never have 1 spoken of the grandeur ' and hope of our common country, and ' the opportunity of our new American life, without a response as ready as I . would expect here in Massaohusetts. ) The young men of the old upper class of the South are doing just what our young men diil in my boyhood?getting such schooling as they can, and going . forth to seek their fortune to the new cities and towns of their own State, to the great Northwest, and everywhere showing themselves ns men. The class of stay-at-home, do-nothing, vicious, lazy boys, is not half as great as we have been told. The young *woinen of the best families are teaching the new pub ' lie schools, pushing out in every direct lion toward new einployinenl?so like t our own girls, as I remember then in the . past years, that I cannot see any real diUerance between them and our "sisters, cousins and aunts.'' 1 have seen how earnestly a large s band of Southern clergy are toiling at t their sacred work ; how faithfully the majority of these teachers are caring for the children in these schools ; how the L Christian people of both races are pon dering the awful social problem that . beset them ; how the public men of their . State and municipal governments are generally working on lines of progress ; ' how cverv man that is nnvlmitv ??< ?> be moved with a desire to be at harmony , with us at the North. And 1 am astonished at the amount of building up in education that lias been done by 1 these people themselves wihtin the past fifteen years?more than was overdone )?v any people in so short a time before. This year the South will pay $15.000,(XX) for education. And now I note everywhere among these people the waking up of this mighty desire for educational and industrial uplilting of the young. It is the most powerful and profound inspiration of the new Southern life. If i we meet it as we ought it will bear the 1 j Southern people out into calm water over all breakers and rapids in the life, time of many who hear me to-day. * * There is nothing inconsistent in the 1 two pictures 1 have drawn. The dark1 [ ness is of the night that is far spent. I and the radiance is of the gloroua dawn j which already kindles the sky with omens of peace and good will. * * * 1 A New Rule. Perhaps, hoys, you would like to know the day of the week on which you were horn. If thfre are a dozen or so of you in the family, your mother can't remember the day, your father don't care, your older sister is sorry you were . horn at all and don't want to know, your aunt never knew and your grandmother is dead, and so you must rely on some rule as follows : Set down the year of j'our birlh less 1, divide by 4, throwing away the remainder, if any, and add to in? auic ; also adit the number of days from January 1st to the date* of birth, divide by 7, and if 0 remains, Sunday is your birthday ; if 1, Monday; 2, Tuesday and so on. Example?Suppose you were born March 9, 1875, then 1 less would be : 1874 Divide by 4 - - 408 Add January - 31 " February - - 28 " March, 9 9 Divide 7)2410 344-2reni This makes Tuesday the day on which you were born. In computing don't forgot to give February 29 days, if your birthday was in leap year, and if the above rule don't work we will forfeit a last year's almanac. The Knights of Honor. In the United States court at Cincinnati on Tuesday of last week, J udge Baxter deciuuti a case of much interest to members of tnc Knights of Honor. Henrv Tover, of Missouri, made an application for the appointment of receiver to take charge of the money belonging to the Knights of Honor held by 11. J. Breckenridge, ex-supreme treasurer, of the organization, and claimed by Breckenridge to be now on deposit at the people's ot tho People's bank in Louisville. The evidence showed tho Tover was entitled under the death benefit rule of the Knights of Honor to $2,000, and Judge Baxter ordered the bank and Breckenridge to pay that amount into court. Ho decided that it wafe not in bis jurisdiction to appoint a receiver for all the funds. The trouble dates from the election of officers 'at Chicago last May, and Breckenridge has refused to nffipor in lilu nlonn p K,WVV* A proposal to remove the funds of the organization, consisting of $25,000,00 to St. Louis is opposed by the People's bank, and counsel wore present to represent Breckenridge and the bank in addition to Tover. Similar cases are said to be pcuding at other points. Brcckenridge's defection has not in the least crippled I he operations of the ori der, all assessments having been regularty paid with-promptness and regula' rifcy* The Swaiin trial has at last conio to an end?that is to say the peers and judges of the illustrious scamp have sealed a verdict and sent it to tlio President, who will refer it to the -fcttorney1 general. What the outcome will be > though, is doubtful even among those ' best informed. It is surmised among | tho journalists of Washington that it , will be more favorable to General \ Swaim than could have been ezpectod ; in November, whon the trial began. A Midnight Dnel. ' There is no doubt," said an old soldier yesterday, "that many singular things occur as we journey through life," ami lie looked as though memory was struggling with some sad feature of his existence. He sighed as he continued: 4*I remember as though it were yesterday, the march of Hill's corps along the winding Shenandoah up to the famous Luray "gap. Who could ever forget that march ? The road winding with the beautiful river, and overhung witha majc.itic chain of lUue Kidge mountains, while across the crystal water the magnificent valley, with its charming cottages dotted the bounteous land with white-like balls of snow robed in flowers. liut the most engaging and lovely objects paled into insignificance beside the peerless women of this blessed country, and you may well believe that when the camp was struck that the soldiers lost 110 time in making their way to the surrounding cottages. Soon the music of the violin was heard, and the shuffling feet kept time to the music^ while r>r a time, the soldier's face was lit up with old time joy. At one of these cottages the belle of the valley reigned supremo, while several ?oldiers vied with each other in paying homage to the queen. Among others were two young soldiers?one from Georgia and the other from Mississippi?who were specially energetic in their attentions, and so marked had this becomc that those present watched the play with increasing interest, fully believing that both exhibited a CRse uf love at first sight, j This surmise on the part of those present i was only too true, as the tragic event wnicn louowea tully proved. The Georgian seemed to linvc the lead on the Mississippian, and when the dancers were called to take their places, he led the ; hello of the valley to a place in the set. At this point the Mississippian was seen to approach the couple and heard to claim the lady's hand for the danco. An altercation eusucd but both were cool,,-;, bravo soldiers'?two of the host shnt? ?n 1 . . the army?who did* not believe in a war of words. So it was ended by the (Jeorgian dancing with the lady, and the significant remark of the Mississippian that "I will soo you after this act" When the dance was over the Georgian was seen to seek the Mississippian, and together they called each a friend from the crowd and departed. When outside both claimed that an insult had been passed, which could only bo wiped out in the blood of thu other, nnu that a duel to the death should be arranged at once. A full nioon was just appearing above the tops of the surrounding forest, and I tell you this talk of blood in the silence of the night was anything but pleasant. No argument, however, would avail with these men, so it was arranged that the duel should take place on top of the Blue Ridge, near the conter of the road that passes through tho gap ; that the weapons should be pistols at fifteen paces, and the fi^e at or befcsrpfin the words 'one, two, three,' firing to continue until one or both were dead. i 'The point was reached, the ground measured off, and, the men took their positions without a tremor. TJie moon shed its pule light down on a scene never to be forgotten. A moment or two and the silence was broken by the signal: .'One, two, three." At the word "one" the report of two pistols rang out on the midnight air, but the principals maintained their respective positions. Tho Georgian's left arm was seen to drop closer to the si lo, but the Mississippian was immovable, and still hcld'his pistol to tho front. A*ain, a pistol shot was heard, coming from the Georgian, and thi! Mississippian still held his position, but did not fire. TIim Georgian protested that he had not come there to murder him, but no answer was returned. Tho Mississippiau's second approached his principal and found him dead.shot through the eye on the ftrat charge of ^ ' tho weapons. Death it seems-had beon instantaneous, sumach so as noleren to disturb bit* Equilibrium. I may forget some things, hut the uiidnight duel on the top of a spur of the Blue Ridge, with the attendant circumstrnces, is not one of them.?A t/iQHs, Ga., Banner. Adulterated Quinine. Having been notified that quinine was largely adulterated, Dr. Cyrus Edson of the Health Department has been spending his pock it money lately buying samples from different druggists for Prof. Waller to analyze. Nearly all his purchases were found on analysis to he adulterated, some to the amount of fifty "per ccnt. Dr. Kdson intends to procedc criminally against the whole* salo dealers who supplied the retail * * 4- /*- 1 *- ? - uru^gisis tioui wnoiu ne ooiaineu tIio samples. l)r. Kdson declined yostcrday to givo Iho nnmo of that doalcr, but it will l>o nindo public uh soon aa ho has been put under arrost. Dr. tidson says he wishes to in6iot upon hitn tho sovcrest penalty of tho law, as the harm done in cases of ma* laria by the quinine prescribed being only half its supposed strength is considerablc. J'