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. ^ ? ? ----- r~ " ~ ^ ' " " '" ? - -. VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. C, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1885. NO. 21. WII.M1XOTON, COLUMBIA ANI) AUOirSTA HAILUOAI). '. Going Sou h No 48 so 40 I.^ave Wilmington 0 .10 |? m 11 10 p ni Arnir# at Florence.. I W?m 2 20 * hi AeiVit* at Columbia ft 40 a ia / Going North so 4J No 47 l.rare Columbia 10 00 p m j Leave Florence 4 50 p in 1 52 a m Arrito at Wilmington .... 7 40 p m 0 10 a in Train No. 43 Mop* at all atatinnn. No*. 4H nail 47 ntn> onlr at DritikUr's, Whiteville, Flcmiugton, Fair ItlufT, Marion, Florence, Timinornvillc, Sumter, camdrn Junction ard EaMover. Passengers for Columbia and all . point* on c * tl it R, c, c a a k r, Aiken Junction aad all points beyond, stioulil take No. 48, night express. Separate Pullman alcepcr* for Charleston ami Augusta on trains 48 and 47. All traiux run solid between Charleston j and Wilmington. OPART ASM; RU AND O ASliK VI l.I.Ii RAILROAD On and after Mar 12, 1884, passenger train* will be run dailv, except Sunday, between Spartnnbnrg and llenderaonvillc as follow*: UP TltAIN. Leave K. & D- Depot at Spartanburg 6 00 p n? Leave 5partanburg, A. L. depot ft 10 p in I,oiive aniuna o .m i> in i Leave Flat Rock 'J 15 p ni I -frrivc Hendorsonvilie 0*0 i ,-n DOWN MR.<IN. Leave He nderaonville 8 00 am Learo Flat Ruck 8 15 a in l<eav? Saluda 9 00 a in Leavr A ir Line Junction 11 25 am Arrive U. A I) Depot Spartanburg 11 30 a *i Traina on this road run lit Air-Line lime. Both train* make connection; for Columbia and CharUatnii ria Spartanburg, Union and Columbia: Atlantn and Charlotte hr Air I.inc. JAMKS ANDERSON, .Suimriiitendmt. ^JONDKXSKI) TIMK CARD Magnolia Passenger Ronte. In effect September 14, 1SH4. UOI.VG BOt'TII. Arrive Port Roth! ft 05 pni " Chaleston 6 40 pm " Savannah 6 43 pm " J?ek sonville 9 00 am flOINO XOKTU. Leave .1 ackaonTillc 6 30 pm " Savannah 6 Itb am " Charleston 610 am Leave l'or? Rovnl T 35 am " Hoaufort. T *T am " Augusta 1 40 pin Lmtc Atlanta +8 50 pm Arrive Augusta (5 10 am Leave Augusta 4 00 pm ft 40 ain Arrive (irwnwwid V oo pm 11 .10 am Ticket*on nale nt Greenwood to nil point* at thinugh rates?baggage cherked to destination. W. F. Sueli.mak, Traffic Manager. J. X. )!ihi, Superintendent. SOUTH CAROLINA RAILWAY COMPANY. Commencing Sunday, Sept. 7tli, 1884, at 3 36 a in, Pataenjror Trains will rnn an follow* until further notice, "Kaatern time:*' Culvtnhia J fin'* i<in ? Daily. Leave Columbia 7 48 a in 5 27 p in Dne at Chariest on 12 20 p m HWp ni Leave Charleston 7 00 a in 4 30 p in Due at Columbia 11 00 p in 9 22 a in ('amtfrn Pirint/m?Daily except Sunday*. Leave Columbia 7 48 a ni 5 27 p in Due Camden 12 55 p in 8 25 pro Leave Carudon 7 15 a in 4 00 p m Due Columbia 11 00 p in tt 22 p in .4 vyutla Jti-cirion-?Daily. I/eare Columbia ?> 27 p in l)u? Augusta 7 41 a iu Leave Augunta S 50 p m Due Columbia 9 22 p in ('onntctiitn* Made at Columbia with Columbia and Oreenville railroad by train arrirmc at 11 00 a. m. tnd deoartiiKr at 5 27 it 111 at I 'ulnmkii Junction with Charlotte, Columbia mid Align*!* railroad by name train to and from all pointa on both mad*. At Charleston with atmniera for New York ?n Saturday; and on Tuesday and Saturday with steamer for Jacksonville and point* on Ht. John'a rirer: also, with Charleston and Pavannali Itailroad to and from Savannah and all points in Florida. At Augusta with (iror<ria and Central railroans to and from all point* West and South; at Illarkvill? to and from all points on Hamwell railroad. Through tickets ean bo purchased to all pointa South and West by applyiag to 1>. MrQt'KBS. A;*ont, C.olumbin, ft. 0. JonK It. Pkck, (ienoral Manager. 1>. C. Ai.i.ek, (Jen. Pasc. and Ticket Ag't COLUMBIA A Nl> OUEKNVILLE KAILHOAD. On and after October 5, 1884, Pabhknoicr Ta* ms will run as hcroirith indicated upou Uiia r*ad and ita branelie*. Daily, txctpl Snudnv*. Ko. 43. UP PASFKNOKK* Lmto Columbia S. C. Junc'n 10 45 pm " Columbia C. A (J. I) "1110pm Arrire Alston 12 10 j> in " Senberrv 1 IS p m Ninctr-Kix J 47 p m ( rtenwood 3 00 p in Undoes I S3 p m Briton 4 40 p m st Oreeiiville: d 0J p m No. 62. DOWN PARSKNOKIt. iMri Greenville at 0 50 a ni Arrive Briton 11 IS a in Hodges 12 2:1 p m Greenwood 12 48 poi Xi?otr-Six , 112pm Newberrjr J 02 p m Alston 4 10pm fc Columbia C. A O. D 5 16 pm Arrira Columbia S C. Junc'n 5 30pm PABTANBCBfl,UNION * COT.miJfA K AM. HO AD. XO. 53. IIJ* I'ASRF.XOKR. Lear* Alston 12 S3 p m " Union 8 55 pm " Spartanburg, K.U.AG.depot.& 50 p m KO. 62. DOWN PABHENUKIt. I?>T( Spart'g R. A D. Repot .... It 35 a m M Spart'tf S. U. A 6'. D?pot ..10 50 am ii i??? o a* */v p in Arrive at Alston 2 40 p m LAl'RKKB KAILKOAD. L?|t? Kenber'jr 2 SO p m Arrive at Laurens C. H 8 50 p m Leave Lanrens C. II T 40 am Arrive a I Newberry II 10 pm ABBETIM,! DUAXCII. Leave Hodges I 45 p in Arrive at Abbeville 4 45 p in Letve Abbeville II 00 a m Arrive at Hodges 13 09 p m ILVt II DOB RAILROAD AND ANDERSON BRANCH. Leave Relton 4 45 p in Arrive Anderson 5 18pm " Pendleton 5 58pm " Seneca ? 140pm Arrive at Walhalla T 05 p m Leave Walhalla 8 50 a m Arrive fieaeea is *> " Fendlaton t 62 i m " Anderaon 1ft S3 am Arrivt at Relton 1) (Sam CONN ACTIONS. A. With Bauth Carolina railroad t* and from Ckarlestoa; with Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta railroad from Wilmington and all aaiata north thereof: with Charlotte, Colum< in Md Augusta railroad from Charlotte and all j?iata north thereof. B. With Aahevills ana Kpartanbarc railread from and for points ia Wen tern N. Carolina. C. With Atlanta and Ckarlotta di? Riohmand and Danville railway far Atlanta.and alt point! south and west. M+nd+rd EatUrn. Tim4. G. R. TALCOTT, Superintendent. H. Blacmts*, Gep'l Passenger Agt. D. ln?mL, Ass't Oenl Pass. Agt. 1*1 Richmond am> danville railroad. I'<in<vyrr !>*}>?rim*nt.?On and after Aug. 3>i, 1884. pawcnirfr train norvicc on the A. and C. Division will bean follows: XortKurnrd. Xo. 51* No. 53t Leave Atlanta 4 40 j> ni 8 40 a in arrive (Jaiiirsville A 57 p in 10 35 a m I.nla <i 7 25 p ni 11 01 a m Rabun (Jap june h. K 12 p in II 30 a m Toccoa t 8 54 p ni 12 04 p m Seneca City <1 0 5V p m 1 00 p di Central .. .*. 10 32 p ni 1 52 p m Liberty 10 53 p in 2 13 p in Kaslev 11 10 p in 2 27 p ni Ureenvillc < 11 42 p in 2 47 p n? Spartanburg/- 1 01 a ni .t 50 i> m Gastouia <j 3 20 in 5 54 p in charlotte A 4 10 a in A 40 p in Southward. No. 50* No. 52t Lrav? charlotte 1 45 a in I 00 p m arriveOastonia 2 30 a m 1 45 p iu Spartanburg 4 28 a in 3 45 p in Greenville* 5 43 a in 4 55 p m Kaslcy 8 17 a in ft 20 p in Liberty 6 34 a in 5 12 p m C^ntrn'l 6 55 a in C lift p in Seneca city 7 33 a ni 7 36 p in Toccoa R 40 a ni 7 35 p ni Kabnu (?ap jnnc ... 9 34 a rn K 30 p in I.uta 10 09 a m 8 5'J p in Gainesville 10 36 a in 9 25 p m Atlanta I 80 p iu 11 30 a in *Expreas. tMail. Freight trains ?n this road all carry passeneers; passenger trains run through to Danville and connect with Virginia Midland railway to all pattern cities, and at A tlanta with all linos dir?rjring. No. 50 Icarcs Richmond at 1 p in ami .Nil. A1 nrnvfH ther* at 4 j> ni; 52 Iohvch Richmond *1 2 28 a in, .VJ art-iron there nt 7 41 am liuff'et Sfec/HiHj Cars without chnityc: On trains Xos. ">() and r?l, Xew York unci Atlanta, via "Washii.gton and Danville, Greetishoro and Ashc-viMe; on trains Xos. 52 and 5.'l, Richmond and Danville, "Washington, Augusta and New Orleans. Through tickets en sale at Charlotte, Greenville, Seneca, Spartan- J bnrg and Gainesville to all points south. ] southwest, north and east. A connects with X. K. railroad to and from Athens;] h with X. K. to and from Tallulah Falls; r with F,l. Air Line to and fiom Klherton and Bowersville; (/with Hluo Ridge to; ami from Walhalla; e with <!. and G. to Utlll frnill r< PiiAlt U'AAll V <>U*Knr?*?> A lut/vn and Columbia; f with A. S. and S.. I*. iV ('. to and from Henderson ville, Alston, tVc.; p with Chi'Ster and Lenoir to and from Chester, Yorkrillc and Dallas; h with N. 0. division and C., C. it A. to and from (Jn'onshuro, Kalcigh, ?Vc Kitiii'xii Beuki.kv, Supt. M. Slaughter. (ion. Pass. Apt. A. Ij. Riven. 2d V. I*. anil t?rn. Man. ^TLAXTIC COAST LINK, PASSKXOKU DKPAHM'MKNT, Wilmington, JV\ <* '., ?/?/// 10th, ISSj. NEW LINK between Charleston and Coluiuhia and Pppor South Carolina. .COXOKHSED KCIIKDCI.R. uoivo tioisa | VHT. KA5T. } 00 nin l.r . ... (/UnrluStciB .... Ar. tTTs~pin 8 40 " " ../.Lane* 41 R #i " 9 48 " " . ...Sumter " 6 5# " 11 08 pin Ar... .Columbia I.r. 5 30 " J .11 " " Wiimsbnro ... " 3 48 " A 44 " " (/lientrr " t 41 " 5 35 " " .... Yorkvillr ' I 00 " C'2b " ' .... I.nncArttor ' " 9 00 " a 00 ? " .... Hock Hill " 2 00 ? C 15 " CliarlotU " 1 00 " 1 12 pin Ar.... Newberry I.t X 02 pin 5 09 " " ... .(ircrnmiod " 12 4K ' 6 50 " " Ihiiikm ^.. " 1 40 am 5 18 " " ... . Anderson " 10 31 " 05 " " .<ir?enrill* " tt 50 " T 0.1 " ? ... . WallialU " 3 50 " 4 45 " " ...Abbeville " 11 00 < 5 50 " " .... Spurt anburpr ... '* 1050 " 'J SO J'* " ... Ilendrr*<?nrill*.. " K 00 " SoTiT Train* bctvreeu Charli-slnn and Columbia, ?. J "IT. IHVIN'K, T. M. KMKRSON. fien'l Sup't. flon'l 1'an. Apent. QK^TKAL HOTEL, Miss. M. W. Thomas, Proprietress. Itroad atrect, AugM-Md, (in. U L. MAUHV, Atorney and Counsellor at Law. A UK VII.I.K V. 11., K. T. / \fu e? -l- !. ? ? ? ? ??un..: luriiivny uuitu jiu:u uy Jimsjo Thomson. tf I.. W. PKIUtlV. T. V. t'OTMUAN. pERRIN & ( OTIIR.W, Attorneys at Law, Abbeville S. C. w. r. bF.nkt, jas. h. rice. r. w. kmitu, Abbeville. Xinet3'-Six, Abbeville, JJENET, RICE k SMITH, Attorneys at Uw. Will practice in all tho Courts of the State, and give prompt Attention to all legal buxineH.s entrusted to them. JgXCHANGI? HOTKL, Grrenviu.k. R. C. THE ONLY TWO-CLASS HOTEL IN THE WORLD. W. H. White, Proprietor. C. WILLIAMS, St'bfikox Dkktimt, Greenwood, S. f!., VUOENB B.GARY, Attorney Mid Counsellor *t Lkw. Abbeville, S. C, Subscribe for the Mk*hkn?kb. yAMER 3. 1'ERRIX, Attorney and Counitcllor at Law, Annr.viLi.it, C. II., S. C. Jan. 38, 1885-tf , HODT. R. HEMPHILL. WM. P. CAI.LOTJN ' JJKMPIIILL & CALHOUN, Attornejg at Law, Abbeville, S. C. Will practice in all the Court* of thi State. LIBELLING THE DEAD. m _ GENERAL DUFF GREEN'S GHANDSON SPEAKS IN HIS DEFENSE. Pat Calhoun Drnlrs a Slanderous Ktorjr Toltl by Admiral l?orter Cimcerninjc His G rand father. General DafT Green?Vindicat ing Him of the Hlanderuuw ('harden, Kto. The following article, from the pen of Admiral l'orter, appeared recently in the New York Tribune and the Philadelphia Press, and is now given a placc in our columns. It describes a meeting between President Lincoln and General Duff Green when I incoln was at Richmond, just after the fall of the confederacy. A man appeared at the landing dresavd in gray homespun with a somewhat decayed appearance and with a staff about six feet long in his hands. It was, in fact, nothing more than a stick taken from a woodpile. It was two and a half inches in diameter, and was not even smoothed at the knots. It was just such a weapon as a man would pick tip to kill a mad dog with. "Who are you and what do you want?1' asked the officer of the deck. "You cannot come 011 board unless you have important business.'' "I am l)ufl* Green," said the man. "I want to see Abraham Lincoln, and my businessjeoncerns myself alone. You tell Abraham Lincoln Duff Green wants to see him." The officer came down into the cabin and delivered the message. I arose and said : "I will go up and send him away," but the President said : "Let him coinc on uoani. i/un is an oiu irienu 01 mine, anil I would like to talk with him." ' 1 then went on dock to have a boat sent for him, and to see what kind of a man this was who vent ofF bucJi arrogant messages to the Pn'aident of the I'nitt'd States. He steppwd into tin* bout as if it belonged to him ; instead of Kitting down, he stood up. leaning on his long staflf. When ho came over the side, ho stood oil the deck defiantly, looked up at the Hag and scowled, and then, taming to me, (whom he knew very well). ; he said : "I want to .sec Abraham Lin! coin." He paid no courtesy to me or to ] the quarter-deck. It had been a very long time sinre he | had shaved or cut his hair, and he might I have roine under tho head of '"unkempt I and not canny." 'When you come," I said, "in a respectful manner, the President will see | yon, but throw away that cord of wood you have in your hand before entering the President's presence." "How long is it," said lie, "since Abraham Lincoln took to aping royalty ? Man, dressed in brief authority, cuts fantastic capers before high heaven that it makes the angels weep. I etn expect airs from a naval officer, but f don't exp?et to find t'lem in a man with Abraham Lincoln's horse Konse." I thought the man crazy, and think so still. "I can't permit you to see the President," 1 said, "until 1 receive further instructions; but you can't see him at all until you throw that wood pile overboard." He turned on his heel and tried to throw th*s stick on shore, but it fell short and went floating down the current. "Ah !" he said, "ha* it come to that? la he afraid of assanaination ? Tyrants generall get ;nto that condition." I went down and reported this queer customer to the President, and told him I thought the man crazy, but he said : "Let him coinc down ; lie always was a little queer. I shan't mind him." Mr. Duff Green was shown into the cabin. Tliu Vrf*ciilnn( nn ??? *? receivehim, and approaching hiin, ofTVred him his hand. "No," said Green, with a tragic air, "it is red with blood; I can't touch it. When I knew it, it was an honest hand. It has cut the throats of thousands of my people, and their blood which now lies soaking in the ground crieb aloud to heaven for vengeance. 1 ante to see you, not for old remembrance's sake, but to give you & piece of my opinion. You won't like it, but I don't care, for people don't generally liko to have the truth told them. You nre a sccond Xero. and had you lived in his day you would have fiddled while Ilomc was burning!" When ihe fanatic commenced this tirade of abuse, Mr. Lincoln was standing with his hand outstrctchod, hi* mouth wreathed with the pleasant smile ho almost always wore, and hifl eyea lighted up as when anything pleased him. lie was pleased because he was about to meet an old friend, and better pleased to *?c him of his own accortl. Mr. Lincoln gradually withdrew his outstretched hand ax Duff Green started on his talk, tin smile left his lips as the talker got to the roidle of his harangue, and the softness of his eyos faded out. . He was another man altogether. Had any one shut his eyas after I)ufl Green commenced speaking and opened thein when he stopped, he would, have g?en a perfect transformation. His slouchy pottitioB had' disappeared, his WfcWiWM! fcompreaaed, hih eye$i wore i ftjuu), and he looked four inches taller than usual. Duff Green went on without noticing the change in the President's mKftncr and appearance. '"You (fimc here," he I continued "to triumph ovkr poor conquered town, with only women and children in it; whose soWiers have left it, and would rather starve than see your hateful presence here. These soldiers ?and only a hfendful, at that?who have for four years defied your paid mercenaries on these glorious hills, and have taught you to respect the rights of the South. You have given your best blood to conquer them., and bow you will march back to your dcmovalixed capital and lay out your wits to win them over so that you can hold this government in perpetuity. Shame on ?" Mr. Lincoln could stand it no longer, his nostrils dilated like those of an excited race horse. He stratcbed out his long right arm and extended his lean forefinger until it almost touched I)nft, Green's face. He made one step forward, to place himself as ne*r as possi blc lo this Tituperntor, nod in a clear cutting voice addressed him. He wan really graceful while he was apeaking? the grace of one who ia oxpreasing his honest convictions. "Stop you political tramp," he exclaimed; "you, the aider and abettor of those who have brought all this ruin on your country, without the courage to risk to your person in defense of the principles you profess to espouseA fellow who stood by to gather up the loaves and tislies, if any should fall to you. A man who had no principles in the North, and who took none Houth with him. A nolitical liven*. wl?? m>,hrwl graves of the dead, and adopted their language as his own ! You talk of the North cutting the throats of the Southern people. You hare all cut your own throat?, anil, "unfortunately, have cut many of those of the North. Miserable impostor, vile intruder, jfo before I forget myself, and the high position 1 hold, (to, I tell you, and don't desecrate this national vessel another minute!" And he made a step toward him. This was something which Duff Green had not calculated upon ; he liad never seen Abraham Lincoln in anger. Ilia courage failed him and ho turned and fb'd out of the cabin, ami up to the cabin stairs as if the avenging angel waa after him. lie never stopped untitle rcarhed the gangway, and there he stood looking at the shore, seemingly measuring the distance, to see it ho con Ml swim to the landing. I was close behind him, and when 1 got on deck I said to the officer in charge : "Put that man on shor??, and if he appears in sight of this vessel while we arc her? hare him sent away with scant ceremony." Ill- was as humble at that moment as a whipped dog, and hurried, into the boat. The last I saw of him he was striding rapidly over the elds, as if to ! reach the shelter of the woods. The man must have been deranged. When I returned to the cabin, about fifteen minutes later, the Presidont was perfectly calm?as if nothing had happened?and lid not return to the subject for some hours. When the foregoing article came tc the attention of Mr. Pat Calhoun, of thin city, who is a giandson of General Pufl Gre*n, he wrote the following letter, which throws an entirely different lighl upon the matter: Editor* Constitution?Admiral Porter is a libeller of the dead. His accounl of Mi. Duff Green's visit to Mr. Lincoln is full of false statements for which there can uc no excuse, as he protesses to havt been an eye-witness of what ho relates Both of these principals to the interview having died years ago, he may have fell no fear of detection and, therefore, a liberty to give loose reins to his imagi nation, but respect for his own distin* guished position, even if ho were dene to the higher dictates of truth and honor should have prevented him from pub lishing such falsehood*. Fortunately he has confined liiinrc- 1 to the narration of a conversation o which he might claim to he the onli living witness, but as a brckground t< his little picture ho has with no inartisti< hand thrown in details, the untruth o which are easily established. To illns trate, he says : "A man appeared at th< landing dressed in gray homespun witl a somewhat decayed appearance, ant with a staff about six feet long in his hand it was, in fact, nothing more than a sticl taken from a wood-pile. It was two an< a half inches in diameter, and was no even smoothed at the knot?. It wa lust such a weapon as a tnan would picl .... L:II . :>l >t u|i \\w i% i?i ? iiiou uug v> ivii. ;U it matter of fact General Green wa dressed in a suit of confederate gra; cloth, of the finest quality, and carried white pine staff, smoothly polished am erjr light. I have now in my pes Bossion a large photograph of him takci in the identical with the smooth staff ii his hand. JFolaus in uno fohtis ii ovinibu*, is a well known legal maxiir applicable to those who would bear fata witncHrf. What shall wo raj of thy nc curacy and the imagination of him wh ' (tees knots on a smoothly polished ligh pin? staff, and in it a weapon just sue % as n wad ''would pick up to kill a mad dog with." When the war closed General Green wan Tory old, and he never walked without the ?id of a light, long Not eten Admiral Porter's high position could gain for his sensational story one moment's rr?denw*nionp those who knew General Grt?en. The entire tenor of his life stamps it m untrue. Hut more than this, there are many living who have heard him speak in the pleasantest terms of his visit to Mr. Lincoln, and who will never forget the high opinI ion often expressed of his character, his ability, and his patriotism, and the proi found regret he felt at his death. He viewed hi* assassination as a groat national calamity, the effect of which fell heaviest on the South. 1 have myself i often heard him speak of his last interview with Mr. Lincoln, of his cordial reception, of Mr. Lincoln's patriotic expressions and his desire to see the country restored to perfect peace, and then add his expressions o( regret that the country had lost so high and so patriotic a leader just at the moment he could and would have rrndeied such greot service. He used to say that Mr. Lincoln was the .only man in the whole country who possessed both the power and the inclination to control the evil sentiments engendered hy the war, and that in his opinion if he hud lived, the South would have been restored to the Union without (he wrongs of reconstruction ; that the South herself could have asked no more than Mr. Lincoln in his interview with I him hud expressed a willingness to accord. Hut I cannot conclude without the expression of the hope that so prominent officer of the Government in his future literary etforts will, when professing to write history, confine himself to facta instead of indulging in fiction. Yours truly, Pat Calhoun. Turn The Rascals Out. SOME STRONG TATK FKOM SENATOR BUTLER. Mood Men can be Fonnd to fill the Place* of all the AdveutirerK and ImbecileK notr In Office in Sonth Carolina ?ruitcd Action by the Delegation in Congress the best tvuy to Secure the best Men. [News mid Courier Rcnident Correspondent.] Wahuixotos, February 9.?The question of liow shall the Federal patronage in South Carolina be distributed in still a live topic of diacussion among the members of the delegation. Thcro appears to be a division of opinion on the .subject, which may lead to an abandonment of the ''caucus plan.'' , During the past week 1 have heard it , said that tome of the delegation have cnangeu ineir minus on tins subject . since their individual views were spread before the readers of the ATeio* and I Courier in this correspondense. , Senator Butler claims to hare been the originator of the caucus plan, and , for that reason his views on the subject k may prove interesting. I met the Senar tor at the capitol to day and asked him if there were an}' now developments in [ this connection, lie replied that he had very decided views on the subject, and . had no objection to expressing them. I "Have you changed your mind as to i the plnn of filling the Federal appoint, nients in South Carolina?" asked your , correspondent. "Not in the slightest," replied the r Senator. "When 1 came to Washington at t the beginning of this session, 1 found t what might have been reasonably antici. pated, that we should be beset by appli cations for offices. I suggested to my ( colleagues, in the Senate and House, , that we act jointly on the applications for the different offices, adopting any plan of suggestion thought most advisf able, and be prepared to present to the f Executive a suitable name for each, pro ; viuuu, ui tuuinr, inu AjA?xuuu; ?|IUUIU j ask any suggestions from us. It occurc red to mc, this would he fair to the State, f to the public service, to tho applicants, . to the Executive, and to tho delegation." e "Was this caucus plan acquiesced in?" ) 4,I certainly so understood it. No plan I had been formulated, or time appointed I. for a meeting, but in the informal talks I < had with my colleagues, I understood i them to acquiosce in a general way." t "Have you any objections to giving s your reasons for making the propok sition?" "I hare given you my reasons. Bes cause i thought it fair all around. I y felt sum that if wo would act together, a we would have more weight and secure il a better class of officials. It would give our colleagues in the HouAe a voico in it the selection of these offices, a reoogni n tion which thoir positions entitle them to. ii They are as much intermitted in an effli, cent, public service as the Senators, and e equally capable of forming a correct : judgment." o "Hut docs not the responsibility rest it upon the Senators of advising and conh scnting to executive nominations ?" "Yen, but that is a negative power after the nominations have been inade. I do not abnegate my Constitutional power by acting, affirmatively with my colleagues, by practically advising and consenting in advance. I think I can shoulder responsibility as calmly as most inen, and when I have discharged it according to my sense of duty, submit to criticism as indifferently." "It has been hinted that the members of the House, being in a majority, might log-roll with each other and select men objectionable to tho Senators, and thus defeat their veto power in the Senate ?" I certainly do not know where such a hint could come from. It is certainly very dishonoring to the members of the House?one that I shall not sanction and which I believe to bo grously unjust. It is a presumption so violent that I shall not allow it to influence my action. I do not believe that such a suggestion ever crossed the mind of any of tho gentlemen. At least I am willing to trust them. I have observed since my service here that when the Senators act in concert with their col leagues in the House they exorcise * grenter influence and accomplish better results for their constituents. My proposition was made in the intereet of harmonious and united action. I have no special axe to grind. I have many personal friends whom I would be glad lo see in honorable official positions and shall urge their claims fairly and frankly, and if the delegation should not agree with me I shall advocate the choice of the delegation. There is no danger of 1113- colleagues presenting an improper person, so 1 havo no fears on that score. If, on the other hand, it should be thought best, after consultation, to enter the race, each man for mmscii, wun me uovji tor the hindmost, * I shall acquicsce. A scramble would be f a very unseemly performance, and it i was that i wanted to avoid. I desired a 1 selection of good men, distributed as c nearly as it was practicablo in different parts of the State, so that the public service would be administcrod by competent, upright men. Beyond that I have no special wish, and it so happens that all the applicants of whom 1 have ^ knowledge are first-rate men, and one ^ could not go much amiss in selecting ( any of them." "What do you think Mr. Cleveland's | policy will be in regard to the public , service in the South ? I see you were ( among tho callers in New York last | week." I "I have no knowledge of what his ( policy will be. I know what I think it , ought to be, and if he asks me I shal tell him. I went to New York to pre- ( sent the name of Representative Aiken for commissioner of agriculture." , "Have you any objections to telling , mc what you think Mr. Cleveland'* noli I I cj ought to b? ?" ] "None whatever. I assuni*, of course, i that Mr. Clevoland wishes to place the , public service all over the country in the , handaof the most efficient ami trustworthy agents, for be can n??ver have the , public business properly performed and administered by incompetent or corrupt servants, and therefore be ought to turn eut every rascal and put honest men in their place." "l'he fact is," said he, "in th?' South he has a great advantage over bis Republican predece.suor.H, who within th'.-ir p*rty linen, were very much circumscribed in their Held for competent men. Mr. Cleveland has tho b?\st material from which to choose his subordinates, and can place the Federal service in the ?outh on tho highest plane of efficiency and raise it where the Kcpublicsns left it on the lowest. This is one of the most important oi public duties, and J hopo he will discharge it fcarlonsly. Whatever aid I can give him, I shall render most cheorfully." "Aro the applications for office Tory numerous ?" "Oh, yes ; but not more than might be reasonably expected. Our people within the State have a right to expect these offices, and as far as I have influcncc they shsll have them. Hitherto they have been, for the moat part, filled by carpet-baggers and adventurers, who have had no sympathy with the 3tnto or with the Federal Government, except so far as it gave them a living. I am glad, therefore that our best men are aspiring to the offices." Continuing, tbo Senator said: "Reform in the civil service in all its depart* ments, military as well aa civil, will be one of the paramount duties of the incoming administration. From what 1 hear of Mr. Cleveland, I think ho has the capacity and courage to do it effectually. Not in any partisan sense, but with the purposo of placing the public administration in the hands of compe tent and faithful servants. Knormous buses hare crept into the serrioe, and they can only be corrected by * thoroug overhauling by fearless intelligent and honest men. I think we bare some of that in South Carolina, and I want; to ; see them take a hand in the business. I would not be understood as holding that removals and appointments to office iro tho chief duties of an Kxecutive, but thoy are vastly important. If tho Democratic party expects to rcuaain in power it must act affirmatively upon the jreat public question;) confronting u?. ft cannot tcmporiz* and drift. It inuat leal with the tariff and our prostrato "oreign commerce; with the reiiurrccion and rebuilding of the navy n a business, statesmanlike inanicr, nud restore them to a healthful *igjrons growth. There are the silver and :urronc3* questions in a very unsatisfacory condition. The iKthmcan problem md our entire consular and diplomatio olatjons with foreign powers, and many >thors, tho Democratic party will be expected to settlo advantageously and lonorablj' to the country." Senator Butler was the only member >f the South Caroliua delegation who railed u^on I'resident-elect Cleveland luring tho latter's brief sojourn in New k'ork City. B. M. L. But Irr^H Opinion of Cleveland. If>iLtlltr to y*w Tork World.] Senator M. C. Butler said : ? "I hare 10 hesitation in saving to you that I laid to Mr. Cleveland that I did not want iO have him recognize the South as tho Jouth, but rather as Democrats. In >tber words there should bo no quoaion of section. All that I wanted was limply fair treatment, and no discrlmilation against an important part of tho !)c*mor.rat party." Senator Butltnr said hat Mr. Cleveland's pictures gave an insorrect an unjust idea of him. The pic'ures appear heavy. Ho found hiui. on he contrary, very alert, cool and with a >erfect maatery of himself. He liked his liinplr, business-like manners and tho lentnoMH and simnlicitv of his irenernJ ippcarance. Ho believes that he will be l President who will bo a credit to hit* mrty and country. He declined to itate whether he had a personal profcrnce in the make-up of the Cabiae^but t is well understood ajbout the ftenate, bat during hig visit to Mr. CteVelailti ha varmly eulogised the character <vf'hia riend, Senator Pendleton., This gentle* nan is now considered off* from all cabilot slates, but he id certain to have one >f the first-class missions. A REMARKABLE NKGHO. [>c?th of Major Martin R. Delanej, n Celebrated Scholar and Traveler. Charleston. S. 0., February 3.?Maor Martin R. Delaney, whose death oc:urred a few days since at Wilbe^Tofre*. Dhio, was certainly one of the most dis inguished negroes of the age. His life was a long and eventful ono. He was born in this c'.ty in May, 1812, and was !he Bon of Samuel and Patty Delariey, free blacks. Tho father of Delaney,s fathor was a renowned African chieftain, who was capturcd and brought to this country more than one hundredand fifty years ago. Tho father of Patty, Dalanv's mother, was the onlv daughter of an African princc from tho Niger Valley region of Central Africa. The major himself was a typical negro and was always proud of his pure African blood. Tho major acquired a remarkably liberal education by dint of bard study and constant work. Be waa a most voracious reader, and was ospeeinlly fond of books of adventure and travel. He posesscd a penchant Cor lb t science of geography, and acquired Vast knowledge in this department of learning. When a young man he removod from this city to Pittsburg, Pa. He pursued a course of medicine, but' was nover graduated, lie became a writer for several perioticals in the north and was a very zealous anti-slavery inan. Finally he becaino a full-fledged doctor and went to Canada to ply his profession. Here ho met with wonderful success, and, on account of his shining talents and comprehensive learning, was received into the beat Canadian society.,. Ho was elected honorary member of several literary and scientific associations. In 1859 he went with an exploring expedition into tl^e hitherto un known region# of contral Africa. He spent more than a year on the dark continent. Major Ik'laney bwfore retiming to America spent some years in England. He delivered a tu'riet of lectures touching his travels and discoveries, which attracted marked attention, and made him a conspicuous figure in London society. He wan given a Beat in the international statistical congresa, which was held in London, and over which the late Prince Albert presided. About this time Delaney was chosen an honorary member of tho royal socity. Ho had the honor of dining with the queen, and was an intimato friend of Lord Brought ham, who pronounced hitn the ableat living representative of his raco. In 1862 Delaney came back to the United States and roado an effort to organize a "corps d'Afriqtie." but was not successful . He entered the union array as an anni.tiiiiJi i-ur fyuiui lumv* Hachusetts regiment. Subsequently hn was appointed major* in the aVmy, and in that capacity made bin anpearence again in South Carolina near, the .dose ot tho war. lie wan connected with-the, freed, man's bnrea until it failed; then he sett, led down in CharleHtfcn. in 1874 he was nominated flnr lieutenant-goremor by the independent republicans* and waa supported by tho white voters of the State,, but suffc^d an overwhelming defeat by the Ch'tmberUin ticket. He was for nitre years 'a trial-justice In thi* city- subsequently^ and performed his duties wel). A few jears ago he re. moved from Charleston to WiTlberfnrc?\ Ohio, where he recently died.