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The Abbeville messenger. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1884-1887, May 13, 1885, Image 1

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VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. C.; WEDNESDAY, MAY 1:3, 1885. NO. 33.
Richmond am> danvim.e
l'it*sriujrr Pruur/ttnnt.?On uutl after Apr.
5tli, 1885, |>asseiijr<T train service on the A.
nml C. Division will boas follows:
Xorthirard. No. 51* No. 531
Leave Atlanta 0 Oil p in K 40 n in
arrive Gainesville . .. 8 08 p in 10 32 a in
Lula ? .8 33 |> m 10 55 4 in
Kabun (lap jmic A. 0 22 p in 11 21 a in
Toccoa c . 9 50 p in 11 55 a m
1 Seneca <*ity d .10 50 p 111 12 51 p in
Greenville r 12 27 a in 2 23 p in
Spartanburg J'.... 1 42 a 111 3 34 u in
( astonia a X 45 a in 5 20 p in
charlotte A 4 45 a ni 0 10 p 111
Southward. No. 50* No. 62+ j
Leave charlotte 3 00 a m 1 00 p m
arrireOastonia 3 50 a m 1 41 p in
Spartanburg . ... 5 53 a in 3 34 p in
' rcenville 7 10 a ni 5 0:t p 111
Sencca city 8 52 a 111 0 3>J p in
Toccoa S 53 it ni 7 35 p in
KabuuUapjunc 10 32 a in 8 34 pm
Lulu 11 07 a in il III p in
Gainesville 11 33 a in 0 28 p ni
'I ? '- 1 Jn .. ... 11 -m .. ...
A1 1*1 ll((i ? w |? i.? i i vv jf m
Express. tMail.
Freight trains on this road nil carry passengers;
passenger trains run through to Danville
and conncct with Virginia Midland railway
to all eastern cities, and at A llanta with
all lines diverging. No. 50 leaves Richmond
3 26 p in and No. 51 arrives theru 4 21) p m: 52
eaves Richmond at 2 00 a m, 53 arrives there
nt T <)0 a m
liuff'ct Kicepiihj Can* without
haiuje: On trains Xos. 50 and 51, Now
Tork and Atlanta, via Washington and
Danville, Greensboro and Asheville; on
trains Nos. 52 and 5:]. Richmond and
Danville, Washington, Augusta and N<*w
Orlean*. I hrouarh uckcis on sun? at
Charlotte, Greenville, Seneca, Spartanburg
and Gainesville to all points south,
southwest, north and cast. A connects
with X. K. railroad to and from Athens;
b with X. K. to and from Tallulah Kails;
c with Kl. Air Line to and fmm Klherlon
v nnd Bowersville; <1 with Blni llidge to
and from Walhalla; e. with C. and G. to
and from Greenwood, Xe wherry, Alston
and Columbia; with A. 9c S. and S..
V. & C. to and from llendcrsonvillc,
Alston, iSrc.;- ij with Chester and Lenoir
to and from Chester, Yorkville and Dal
ins; /I with a. I;, uivmion and i <v
A. to and from (iroensboro, Raleigh, ifrc
Ki>xrsi> Hkiiki.ky, Supt.
J/. Slaughter. <?en. Pass. Agt.
A. Li Rives, 2d V. 1'. and < ? ?. Man.
Commencing Sunday. Sept. 7ih, 18rt4, at
2 35 a in, Passenger Trains will run as follows '
until further notice, "Kastern time:"
Columbia Division?Daily.
Leave Columbia 7 48 a in 5 27 p it> j
Due at Charleston 12 20 p m 9 :ts p in |
Lea re Charleston 7 00 a in 4 30 p m ]
Due at Columbia . . .11 00 p m 9 22 a ni
Ctintdfti Division?Daily nxoept Sundays.
Loave Columbia 7 48 a in 5 27 p in
Due Camden 12 55 p m 8 25 p in
Learn Camden .. . . 7 15 a in 4 00 p m j
Due Columbia 11 0(1 p in V 22 p m
' . ' Ai'i/ufta l>iri*ion?Daily.
I-cave Columbia 5 27 p in
Due Augusta 7 41 am
Loave Adgusta 3 50pm
1>M? r<>l?n>t.ia <i .. ...
Made at Columbia with Coluir.bia and (Jreeu- I
ville railroad by train arriving at 11 OK a. m. !
aud departing at 5 27 p. in.; ?t Columbia j
Junction with Charlotte, Columbia ami An- i
jrattta railroad by aaino train to and from all {
point* on both roads.
At Charleston with steamers for New York
?iu Saturday; and on Tuesday anil Saturday
with steamer for Jacksonville and points on
St. John's river: also, with Charleston and
RaranHxli Railroad to end from Savannah
and all points in Florida.
At August a with Georgia and Central rail
roads to and from all prints West aud South: ;
at lilackville to and from ?U points on ltarn- !
well railroad. Through tickets can be pur- i
chased to all points South and West bv apply- ;
injr to
1). Mc'Qpkkn. A pent, Columbia, S. C.
John R. I'kck, General Manager.
1). C. Ai.i.es. Gen. I'uss. and Tickct Ajr't
On and after October 5, 18rt4, I* ahsknukr
Tea ikr will run as herewith indicated upon
this road and its branches.
Daily, rsctpt Siinffai/t.
Leave Columbia S. C. Junc'n 10 45 pm
V Columbia C. &. G. I) 11 10 pm
Arrive Alston Iz 10 p in
" Newberrr I 1.1 p iu
f Ninety-Kix 2 47 p in
Greenwood. 3 00 p in
Hodges 3 33 p in
Briton . . 4 ill .. i?i
at Ureopville 6 05 p in
Leave <3rconville at 9 50 a in
Arrive Belton .. 11 13 a in
Hodges ...12 2:1 pin
Greenwood 12 48 pm
Ninotv-Six 1 32 p in
Newberry .1 02 p in
Alston. 4 10 p m
' ColMiubia C. A O. D 5 15 pin
Arrive Columbia S C. June'n 5 30 p in
Leave Alaton 12 52 p in
" Union 3 55 pro
Spartanburg, S.U.AC.dep??t .5 50 p in
^ L?* ve Spart'g R. A D. Depot 10 35 a m
14 Spart'g 8. U. A C. Dppot ..10 60 am
" Union 12 50 p in
Arrive at Alatnn 3 49 ji in
Leave Newber?y 3 30 p m
.'Arrive at LaurenR (5. II C 50 p in
V * Leave Lanrens C. II 7 40 a in
Arrive at N ewberry 11 10 p in
Leave Hedges 3 45 p m
Arrive nt Aobeville 4 45 p in
Leave Abboville II 00 n m
Arrive ak Hodges 12 00 p in
Leave Belton . 4 45 p in
Arrive Aaderapn i 18 p m
" Pesdloton 6 M p in
" Senecae.... 6 40 pm
Arrive at WalhalU .." 7 03 p m
l/eave Walhulla 8 50 a in
Arrive Scacea o i s ? ...
" Pendleton . 9 52 * in
" Aaderaon I0:i3a in
Arrive at Helton 11 08 a ni
A. With South Carolina railroad (o and from
Oharleaton; with Wilmington, Columbia and
i*. Anjjuata railroad from Wilmineton and all
Cnintu north thereof; with Charlotte, Columns
and Angnata railroad from Charlotte and
11 poiata north thereof. It. With Aahcville
ana Bpartanburjr railroad from and for point*
In N. Carolina. C\ With Atlanta and
;> dir Richmond and Danville railway
\Jtr,Att*ata and all pointa south and west.
Stmmdmrd Kantfrn Tim*.
"ft.jB^frALCOTT, Superintendents
- Wjwt*iiflHT4R,(}eu'l Raasontcer Ak?.
. 9. vAitVVBLL, Aaa't Oen'l.l'aaa. Afft,
#e havo a modern
'?St power press, new
bUnk paper, envelopes
and it^ring in your printing.
Magnolia Passenger Route.
In effect Mnrcli 15, 1885.
Leave I,aureus ... .*5 20 a in +8 50 a m
" Waterloo .. (i 01) ii in 9 55 u in
" Greenwood 7 Oft a in 2 15 p in
Arrive Augusta 10 45 a m 7 45 j> m
Leave " 10 50 am 10 00 |> in
Arrive Atlanta 5 40 p in 0 40 a in
Leave Aueusta 11 30 a in
Arrive Heanfort 20 j> in
Arrive I'ort lioyal 0 :>5 pin
" Chaleston 5 50 pm
" Savannah 7 00 pin
" Jacksonville 7 00 am
Leave Jacksonville *8 50 pin
' Savaunali 0 55 am
Leave I'orV Koyal 7 :15 am
41 Heanfort 7 47 am
" Charleston 7 50 am
Arrive Augusta ... 150 pin
Leave Atlanta 18 20 pin
Arrive Augusta G 10 am
Leave Augusta ?2 .10 pni C 15 am
Arrive Greenwood. 0 10 pin 11 40 am
" Waterloo 7 04 pm '.i :10 pm
" Laurens 7 50 pm 4 40 pin
*I>ailv + Daily except Snnduy.
Tickets on sale at (ireenwood to all points
at (luougii rates? baggage checked to destination.
Connections made at Greenwood
with & (a. II. K. i?. T. I'll a iii.ton, <?. I'. A.
Augusta, Ua.
Ooing Son h no 48 No 40
Leave Wilmington 9 HO p ni II 10 p m
Arrive at Florence 1 50 a ni 2 20 a m
Arrive at Columbia 0 40 a ih
Going North no 43 no 47
Leave Columbia 10 00 p in
Leave Florence 4 50 p in I 52 a in
Arrive at Wilmington. .7 40 p in 0 10 a m
Train No. 43 stops* at all stations, Nos. 48
and 47 stop onlv at llrinkley's, Whiteville,
Flemington, Fair lilufl', Marion, Florence,
Timmonsville, Sumter, Camden Junction ard
Kastover. Passengers for coluiubia and all
points on c s- ? r r, c, c a- a it it, Aiken Junction
and all points beyond, should take No. 48,
night express Separate I'nllinan sleepers
for Charleston anil Augusta on trains 48 anil
47. All trails run solid between Charleston
and Wilmington.
WiluiiHiffon. A'. (JH!>j JOfh, JSS/f. i
NEW LINE hctwuun Charleston and!
Columbia anil Upper South Cnrolinu.
7 00 mil Lv... .Clinrletflnn.... Ar. 0 40 pin
8 40 " ? Lanes " 8 05 "
MS " " Sumter " ? 55 "
11 00 pin Ar ...Columbia Lv. 5 30 "
2.11 " " .... Winusbnro ... " 3 43 "
3 45 " " ... . Chester " 2 41 "
5.15 " " . . .Yorkvilli* " 1 00 '
0 25 " " ... Lancaster 44 'J00 "
5 00 " " .... K..ct llill " 2 00 "
? 15 ' " .. .Charlotte ... " 1 00 "
1 13 pin Ar Newbcrrv Lv 3 02 pin J
3 00 " " ... . (Srernwnod .... "12 48 "
0 50 " " ... I.aureus f " 7 40 mn |
a in ... Anderson " iO .1-1 " I
fi 05 " " .... (ireenville " 'J 51) "
7 OH " " WulliHlln " 8 5ft "
I 45 ' " ... Abbeville " 11 00 " j
5 50 " " .... Spartanburg ..." 1050 "
It :t() J" 11 ... llcndersonville. . " K 00 " I
Solid Traim between Charleston and Columbia.
S. C.
J "l\ I) 1VIX K, T. M. KM KUSON.
Ci<-n'l Snp't. CliMi'l I'as. Af^ont.
On nn?l after Apr. 6lh, 1885, passensrcr
trains will be run dailv. except Sundnv, between
Spartanburg and Henderson villo nu
Leave R. Ac !") Depot at Sparlunburg 4 00 p m
Leave Spartnnburjr, A. L. depot ... 010 p m
Lcuve Saluda 6 20 p m
Leave Flat Rock 7 00 p tn
.-Irrire Ilendcrsonvilie . ... 7 15 ,n
Leave Hendersonville 7 0!) a jn
Leave Flat Rock 7 15 a m
Leave Saluda 7 50 am
Leave -lir Line .Tnnclion 10 15 a m
Arrive R. A 1) Depot Spartanburg 10 20 a in
Trains on this road run by Air-Line time.
Hoth trains make connections Co:- Columbia
and Charleston via Kjiartanbnrjr, Union and
Columbia: Atlanta nmlClmrloM?-by Air Line.
JA.MKH ANDKHSON, Superintendent.
gukkn'vim.r. S. C.
\V. It. Whitk. Pkoimmktok. -48
Mus. M. W. TnoMAH, Proprietress.
Broad street, Augusta, On. 40
ijj L. MA DRY,
Atorncy and Counsellor at Lnu*.
A UK VH,r,K 0. H., s. c.
Office formerly occupied by Judge
Thomson. tf-50
Attorneys nt Law,
51 Abbeville S. C.
Attorney an<l Counsellor at Law,
52 Abbeville, S. C.
Attorney and Counsellor at I.u\r,
ABnKvi I.I.K, C. II., 9. C.
Jan. 28, 1885-tf 53
robt. n. iiRMrnn.i,. wji, r. cam.oi;h.
jjempiull & calhoun.
Attorneys nt Law,
Abdkvii.i.r. S. H.
Will practice in all tho Courts of the
State. 64
ALL the new shapes in Hals and Honnots
with Ribbon*. Birds, Flowers, Satins
and Velvets tn match.
,>- ?-1,. ' >
Don't Go West Toniiff Man.
The Arid 1'Iains and Boundless Deseits
of Western Texas, New Mexico and
Arizona?Coliforuiu Farmers Must be
Capitalists?The Attractions <f Sail
[Correspondence News and Courier.]
San Fkamcihco, Cal,., April 8.?If the
dissatisfied fanners of South Carolina
cuuiu cross mo uo;uineni as your correspondennt
lias done, they would be
more content with their own State on
their.return home, front Western Texas
to Middle California ihe tourist travels
over vast wastes of arid land, which
is mostly unfit for cultivation. As f:<r
cast as San Antonio, Texas, irrigation is
necessary, and even on the vast plains of
that State, where it is usually supposed
that immense herds of cattle graze and
wax fat, your correspondent learned, to
his Mirprise, that ten acres of pasture
land was necessary to maintain each
cow, and that, even with that araa of
pasturage, the animals had to be fattened
before they would bo fit for beef.
VcrosH the boundless deserts of Western
Texas, New Mexico. Arizona and
South Califorua the traveler looks from
the cars upon open expanses of sterile
sauil or rocks, with lulls in view on either
side, but generally .without sign of
human habitation, save only the Railroad
stations at long intervals. The eye
becomes fatigued with the <rast untitled
landscape, where no smoke arises from
settler's hamlet, where no water is seen
no cattle graze, no plough furrows disturb
tho dir'i monotony of the view;
oven cattlc are unseen and no tree grows
Your correspondent has been in every
county of South Carolina, and nowhere
in her limits can be found such absolutely
barren lands as the Southern Pacific
11 tilroud traverses for a thousand
miles or more. In some places water is J
carried by the engines iu large tanks because
it cannot be had in sufficient qnau- j
tities along the line of the Railroad to j
furnish the locomotives. One naturally ,
wonders how a Railroad can live where !
tliere is so little local freight or passenger
business, ami wero it not for the ,
large terminal traffic and transportation
such corporations could not survive.
Sanguine persons there are who believe
that with Artesian wells water can he
obtained for irrigation, and that the
lands now so waste may then- become i
productive; but your correspondent is I
of opinion that were such the cuse it '
would require millions of people to oc- i
enpy these immeasurable tracts where
no timber grows, and many years of
hurd labor to convert this arid plain into
fertile farming lands and homes.
California herself, with great wealth
and a portion of very productive soil,
does not offer inducements to the agriculturist
which would justify ft prudent
man in moving from hinds which, if less
rich, are more sure, from soils which are
always watered by "the first rain and
the latter rain," to a country where rains
are always uncertain, where the seasons
are divided into the wet and dry. the wet
season being Iroin September to April
and Ihe dry from April to September, j
yet with this strango pcculiarit}' that
rains often fail to comu in tho season
when they are due and expected, and ;
sometimes put in an appearancw against
all rules and when least to bo looked
for. The phenominal growth of California
and the wondrous wealth of San
Francisco are due to causes which no
longer exist. From 1849, when gold
was discovered in this Stale, until the
Pacific Railroads crossed the country,
t .is city was the emporium of tho whole
vast region from the Rocky Mountains,
west. Hero all the business houses and
?apital were
The mines of Eldorado and N^prada
poured their treasures into this citf, and
all supplies went hcncc to the miners
camp or to the ranche of the farmer in
that boundless region.
Can any ono wonder at tho extraordinary
dovelopinent of this city under
Ulipli fi*r/Mlinr nriU'ncfno oe 9 T#
?M... .w.v...D VUViJOVO M.l vnt a\J i IV
indeed marvellous. Ships from India,
China, Japan, Hawuiin Islands, Europe,
Australia and Around Capo Horn from
N?\v York, llostnn and Liverpool, filled
the splendid bay of Sun Francisco.
I Steamers northward to Oregon, southward
to Mexican ports nnd the Isthmus,
connecting with other lines coastwise,
and sometimes huge leviathans from
British ports, throbbed and panted
through these placid waters. Wealth
accumulated and the spires of a great
city grew upward in grandeur. Now,
much of this has passed away. The
Railroads have stalked across the deserts
1 11 ?1 1 *1-- * *
?mi i;ii.nut:u inu nocKy Mountains.
They havo linked the East and West by
three Htcel chains, and as a consequence
tho diadem of precious jewels has been
robbed from this fair city's brow and
borne eastward on the mano of the iron
Yet, though like Samson, shorn of his
locks, San Francisco holds'% strength
resorted, and her powers shall grow
v. * T'l v, Jt^i - *+ i ;Vl '-tY
' ?? ' :v. Vf ^
again. When the East stretced forth
her iron arms California
"Sought her yielded hand to clasp.
Ami a cold gauntlet met her grasp."
The union of the Atlantic and Pacific
was had, but the wedding bolls also tolled
the death knell of San Francisco's
wholesale trail'*. Now merchant princes
find it hard to realize even an interest
upon their large investments
The agriculturalist has to meet the
same condition of affairs. Land which
is arable commands very high pricts,
often reaching ,
whilst farm labor is very dear and seasons
uncertain. Irrigation, always expensive,
is not always attainable. Hence
ihe successful fanner, or ranchman, as
ho is here called, must be also a capitalist,
satisfied with a small return upon
Itic 1 n npA rv C 1> ?? ?. ?!. 4
ranches arc of immense size and cost;
such- as return an annual net income
equal to ten pe. :ent. on the value of the
properly are deemed satisfactory as investments.
The people gonerally are industrious,
their motions quick, active and sinuous,
Wages of all kinds are high. A common
laborer commands $1,50 per day,
whilst a skilled mechanic, if a carpenter,
can obtain from $3 to $4 per day, and a
competent brick mason $5 to$G.
Ninety per cent, of all the dwelling
houses are of wood, highly ornamented,
whilst the business houses, hotels and
public edifices are of brick oiMnpnfrwl
stuccoed, nnd sometimes faced with
stone. The complexions of the ladies
are superb, like
011 living, moving, agile, active Aphrodites.
Hut few manufacturing enterprises
have been innugurated hers. lJut
now they must soon bo developed.
This city has three hundred thousand
inhabitants, and immigration continues.
As commerce treads eastward and the
back country which has hitherto supported
this coast gets its supplies more
and more from Eastern cities, and over
liailioads crossing the continent, San
Francisco must Rupply it* place with
new lines of industrial development,
nnd tlin Hrtt rnllnn t?ri 11 ic ovnn I"
course of construction.
here are superior to any in America, fur
more convenient than the elevated roads
of Now Yerk. For the most part, they
are cable 'roadd. Moved rapidly, the
rato being about seven miles an hour,
without horses or engines, caught by
clamps to endless wire ropes, which run
in and under the middle of the track*,
these spledid cars, two at a time, run
with even pace up and down the numerous
and steep lulls on which this city is
built, without accidents, without smoke
ami without horses. Powerful stationary
engines more the wire cables, and
from dawn to half-past twelve at night a
constant stream of people fill the cars
and tho pockets of their owners.
This population
The climate permits it. At this date
there arc ripe cherrios and oranges in
the markets: all sorts of summer vegotahlc?
are in season. The late globe
artichoke is found on (he stalls, besides
Hie early asparagus. Strawberries and
snap-beans, tomatoes and apples, celery
and spinach of winter with turnips and
lettuce^ of spring anJ cauliflowers and
cabbages of summer all lying on thy
stalls side by side. Whilst to such markets
come in an endless procession, natives
of almost every country, the fewest
of all are Africans. One does not meet
one negro here in one thousand passersby.
Nor is bacon seen except very rarely.
The food of the poor is mostly mutton
with fresh beef, and sometimes,
though rr.rely, pork. No part of the
population live on bacon. Sugar comas
from the Waw-aiian Islands, and is qui to
a mononolv here, controlled bv one
Clans Spreckles, wbo in regarded as the
sugar kin* of th? Pacific.
I have seen the ocet n at the Golden
Gate, and it is so calm, so peaceful, so
utterly rested and serene that I ain adraonisliu.l
that your readers also need respite
from thin, long letter.
a modkij petition.
Ruck llnwlftt'i Application for n
Consulate anil HIh Business AYayir
[From the Louisville Timec.]
Squire Buck Howlett, editor of the
Oldham Jira, has forwarded to'-tho President
the following unique application
for a place at Tahiti : *
Ofkice or The Oj.dham Kba (the oxi.yi
second-class pater in the unitei?>
States) LaGkaxoe, Ky., April 4, 1884.)
lion. Grocer Cleveland, President :
Deah Hiu?1 herewith npply for the
appointment of Consul .to Tahiti, Society
Islands. In making my application,
I pro Per to forego the usual method of
Hcekin* an indorsement 10 my petition
from Tom, Pick and Hurry; they come
cheap, nnd are in iny judgment, worthies*.
1 do not/won ask our august
Senators, nor our less sedate members
of the House* to say a word in ray be
half. I could, 1 suppose, roceiys the
p- v' V ?' f ? ' 'rJTV* \ ' . ivj
signature of every oilicial in the Stall',
from Governor down to our county
jailer, to my petition, hut as before
stated such things arc cheap.
I base hy claims to your favorable
consideration of my application to this
Consulship on th* following grounds :
Iain forty years of a:*'*. "nlered the
Federal army at the age of sixteen, and
was intrusted hy my superior officers
with oflicc from the d.tle ?>f mj' enlistment,
August 13th, '(51, until the great
leaders arranged the terms of capitulaI
tion at Appomattox, at which lime, bei
i i i - s - *
n>i<-- i mill iinhiiivn iiiy majority, i was
company commander. After tho war
I lilted myself for life hy learning thor- ]
oughly two trades, that of a carpon'cr
and that of a printer ; 1 labored at the ]
former until 187<>, when the had health
of my wife compelled me to take up the
latter, which I <li?l by establishing here
and maintaining the only second-class
newspaper in the United States. A
strictly Democratic sheet and li;.e advertising
I beg to state for your information
that I am the happy father ofsix healthy
bright children. without blotch or
blemish, and am pleasantly situated, and
on* n?n!;in?r . *1
M.t.ng imwm; ..iwii. j?vi <4?l|l L1IU1I
tin.' Consulate would pay mo. l>ut i havo
an ambition (nil thoroughbred Kentuckians
do) to serve 1113' country in oliico.
My ambition in that direction Iws not
boon satisfied with six years' service as
Cicv Clerk.
I confess that I was not an nrdent supporter
of yours at Chicago, but I now
see my mistake, recognize in you nil the
elements of a wise, discreet Chief Magistrate.
The fact of my being a carpenter and
a printer, and likewise the father of
a large family of children, may not in
your opinion lit me for a Consulate to
these South Pacific Islands, but I beg
lo inform you. 1113- dear sir, that at times
when I needed recreation from Iln? duties
of editor, compositor, pressman. reporter
ami mailing clerk in my olliee,
i have taken care to iul'oriu myself of
the relations existing between t! is creat
republic and the l-dam'.s of the tropical
Pacific, and I have come to the conclusion
that I can by an honest endeavor,
turn the miml of the reformed cannibals
still further from bilked Brazilian,
fried Frenchmen, souped Scotchmen,
scalloped German, boih'd American and
salad Frenchman to our ? \vn delicious
and more nutritious !u>g. and the eereals
from which our country suffers by overproduc'.ion.
I am of the opirion the dignity of my
country and respect for the starspangled
banner would not suffer if
entrusted to mv care in ihese beautiful.
fnr away i.-dand*.
i respectfully *>k your favorable consideration
of this, in}' first, and it may
bo my last, application for executive favor.
Uespecifuily yours,
\Y. W. R:;\VI.KTT.
"TlioCutm Skin tjilunry,"
In the year 1803, a few of the settlers
in a Southern County of Ohio, met to
talk over matters of common interest.
They first spoke about their rough and
primative roads, making such arrangements
as seemed necessary. The next
matter discussed was the want of books,
and they agreed to start a public Library.
Money was scarce, but they had
a good stock of common sense and resolution.
lion. Thomas Ewing (late U.
S. Senator, Sec. of Treasury, and Socreretary
of Interior) was then a lad of
lourlcen. riting ot this neighborhood
Library, many years afterwards, lie saj's :
' The men were all poor, and tho subscription
small, but they raised in all
about one hundred dollars. All n?y accumulated
wealth, ten coon-skins, went
into the fund, and Squire Sam Brown,
of Sunday Creek, who was going to
Boston, was charged with the purchase.
After an absence of many weeks, he
brought the books to Capt. Ben. Browis.
on a pack horse. I was present at the
emptying of the sack, and pouring out
of the treasure. There were in all
about sixty volumes, I think, and well
selected ; the library of the Vatican was
nothing to it, and there never was a library
better read." That Coon-skin
Library, as it was sometimes called,
helped to train up a community, from
which many men came, who were able
to do other things besides catching coons.
Let our country friends see to it, that
their children have good reading matter.
Let the books in the old Book Case be
cheerfully lent. Lot each neighbor have
access^to the good books of all. Many
peo'plo are careless about returning
books, but they can bo taught to do better.
Let a particular day be set apart in
each neighborhood, as a general "Jaildcljvcry
day"?when every library and
bookshelf is to be looked through, as
with a search warrant. Rooks are meant
to bo road. To be worn out by con
stant use. is a noble death for a common
book to die. To bo imprisoned in a fino
book-cane, unread, is to be buried alive.
Many yenra ago, in the middle part of
th'Mi Stato, a family lived a few miles
front ? small town. They had books
enough to. make, them want more, eo thai
every new one wm greatly priced. One
of tho boys, about eleven years of age,
went over ton neighboring house. This
family consisted of two persons, an old
bachelor son and his very aged mother. ,
They had very few books, but one of
these was a copy of the Columbian Orii- <
tor, which was new to the boy. He was i
delighted with the new poetry and ex- ,
tracts. Hoy-like h<: ventured to ask if |
he could take tin- book home, as a loan. |
j The old lady consented, and the little ,
1 fellow had a lively vision of some happy ,
hours before him. When starting lor ,
home, after an hour or two. tin- crusty (
old bachelor son, said to him, "I can t |
spare that book : I need it to sharpen
my rasor on." The keen disappo ntment
of that moment is remembered to j
this hour, though many sorrows of maturcr
life have been forgotten. When
the Kennedy Library is ready for them, ,
one shelf of books, at least, shall be put
there bv that disantiointfMl !>nv with il??
j hope, that, instead of being listed to ,
sharpen rasor?, they may help to<|uicken
' the bright intrllccts of tho Spartanburg
hoys:??/". //. C'., in iSpvrf.dttbtiry Herald.
A Worse ICnemy to (lie Queen's KiirlishThnn
ltnd (irnniinar.
Slajig is breaking down social conventionalitics
hy its free and indiscriminate
use. It is lessening maidenly dignit}r,
which should always be intrenched
behind soft and gentle speech. It is
deteriorating the standard that we once
held for our young men, and is unquestionably
a vice making its inroads as
insidiously as drink or gambling. Our
children are allowed to interlard their
conversation with the catch-words of
low comedies, without remonstrances*,
which must in the end produce its effect
upon character and conduct.
Slang is a reflection upon the progress
of our civilization, and if not repressed
will soon become a prevailing
feature of our popular literature. Our
schools should he reformatories for its
cure. The principles'of correct sneak
ing are simple enough to be conveyed
intelligently to the youngest children,
and it should be impressed upon them
that the use of pure diction is one of
thv stepping stones toward building up
a pure character.
It is pitiable to listen to the conversation
of the average school girl of today,
whose lips should be as unsullied
as the bloom upon her cheeks. I will
leave it to the initiated to interpret the
meaning of the following phrases, selected
at random, but actually uttered
by some of the representatives of our
first-class schools and seminaries.
".)idn't we have Jim dandy fun toj
day at school ?*'
Yos but the old dragon got on her
I i ii t . ..
win ih'ciiii.m: ?i' until i miuw our j.< mil.
"Gee whi! I (lout euro."
"Ah. there ! Stay there !"
"Jimeny, cracky ! She's a dnisy."
"I)i<l you catch on ?"
"Yes ; 1 tumbled to the racket.''
"Ditl rou know that Jnc'i Smith had
blown out most of his fortune?*'
"You but; lie intends to lly high.
The governor has to shell out the
"Well, it is n comfort to have as much
dough as a person wants."
"1 saw him making a break along the
sleet 011 a blue streak."
"Awfully jolly !" "Awfully funny."
"Take the cake!" "I should smile!"
"What a gillie !"
But it is needless to multiply the expressions
ad infinitum. Do not such
examples of slang confront us as a horrible
nightmare ? Does it not plainly
show that the tendency is increasing to
an alarming degree ? It is bringing the
conversation of our sons and daughters
down to the level of thieves'jargon, and
is fast obliterating all delicacy of the
sentiment in the minds of both, establishing
a freeinusonry of coarse and corrupt
language as a means of social intercourse.
The descent is easy which
leads to vulgarity in thought, and it is a
wise parent who can foresee the er.d.?
Columbia Register.
V. L. Cardozo, of South Carolina, has
resigned from the Treasury department
at Washington.
The Illinois Legislature has not elected
a successor to United States Senator
Logan yet. Ltfgan and Morrison are
still the candidates.
Tho following pretty story gives the
ChineRO legend about the origin of tho
fan: "One evening, when the beautiful
Kan Si, daughter of a powerful Chinese
mandarin, wan assisting at the great feast
of lanterns, she wan so ovorcomo by tho
heat that she was obliged to tak* off her
mask. Hut to expose her face to the
?yes of the profane ami vulgar waB a
serious offense against the law, so, holding
the mask as closely as possible to
her features, she rapidly fluttered it to
give herself air, and the rapidity of tho
movement still concealed her. The other
ladies present^ witnessing this hardy 1
' but oharroing innovation, imitated it,
i and at onco 10,000 hands were flattering
. 10,000 maskf; Thug tho fan was evokr'
ed and took the place of the mask."
* ' v. .. v.-;'1'/.
Tin* l'roMliytei'iuii Dodicalion,
The dedication of our new and beauLi
Hi I lYesby tcrian Church on Sundny
morning Inst, was nil occasion fraught
with deep, genyral and unwonted interest.
This is the first Presbyterian
['hiirch over huilt in Edgefield. Five or
six years ago there was not a Presbyterian
Church in our County. Now
Ihero are four?beautiful ones?with
congregations full of piety ami zeal?
it Johnstons, at Trenton, at Highview,
ind at Kdgefield C. 11. This bespeaks
good, strong work and much of the Ho
ly Spirit. Ami just hero the Ilev. S. L.
Monis stands out pre-eminent. In "labors
more abundant" lie has been, and
is still, being richly and deservedly
blessed. While as regards the particular
Church of which we now speak,
the beloved name of Mrs. J. W. Hill?
Mattie Wimllaw?springs unbidden to
the lips. Nobly has she kept the faith
i)f her fathers and of her God ! And
long may she live to be blessed in the
realization of the great and holy work
for which she has so long and so nobly
labored. Our other churches wero
closed in honor of this welcome dedication.
'.he Uev. K. T. Walker of tho
Kpiscopal, the Uev. L. F. Ueatty of tho
Methodist, and the Rev. II. A. Whitman,
of the Baptist, sat within the new chancel.
and in brotherly love, prayer and
praise assisted in sealing the sacred ediHcc
to the service of the living God.
The liappy and thnnkful pastor opened
the exercise. Mrs. K. H. Minis, Oapt.
Markert and Mr. James M. Cobb 3ang
in their usual, beautiful and cultivated
mannor. The Itev. Dr. Girardeau, of
Columbia preached the dedication sermon,
and preached again at night. To
it ear this most eminent of bouth Carolina
preachers was a rich privilege for
K doge tie 111. On both occasions l)r. Girardeau
vindicated inagnifieiently his
great fame, and what is better, fully
evinced his humble and earnest piety.
May trod continue to bless this proud
consummation which promises so much
good to our community.?Edycjield
V i
Southern Women.
Charleston, S. C., April 2fl, 1885.
To (he Editor of The 2fews and
Courier : In your Sunday issue appears
an editorial which has won you
the grateful thanks of every true man
in our Southern land. The women, who
from from 1800 to 1870 sutfered and endured
so much, worked so hard, have at
last found their champion, and I wish
your loving and true words could bo
republished year by year, until the !a$fcweary
head shall have been laid to*r?sfc,
to wake, let us hope, in the arms ofsomo .
loved one freely given to his conntry.
I heir number is growing .smaller any .
by dny, and ennnot we, tho men ofthbse
(lays, do something to signalize our profound
Ioto and respect, to testify to &}1
time what our women were, and w,h&t
when the need arises, they will again bo.
1 liuve always said that the dny would
come when we would do this thing, and
r think, Mr. Editor, ycu may take" fo '
yourself the proud satisfaction of having
on Sunday laid tho corner-stone of
our n'onument to tho "Women of th?
We raise costly shafts to our dead
herons, or rather our women do, and, in
words more or lesr. classic and appropriate,
we tell of all their glorious doeds,
but not one word is said of tho mothers
who gave them to us. Rlmmo on us Mr.
Kditor! From this time forth let ono
face on eveiy shaft be the mother's, and
011 it let her name bo placed.
' The kniq;hts Are dust,
The goo?l sword rust,
Their souls are with tho saints I
A few of their mothers still linger with
us. (Jnn we be too tender with thorn,
or do them too much honor ? Ask jthis
question of your readers and see what
the response will be. I do not Ray ask
it in iny poor words ; put the idea in
your own. a. o. n.
A delicate surgical operation was performed
recently in Bellrue Hospital,
New York. A musclo from a dog was
transferred to a woman's artn, and the
use of her arm and fingers restored. New
interest in the case is added hy reason of
the fact that it is tho first time that what
is known as muscle grafting has ever
beoii accomplished in the United States,
It has been performed by Prof. Valerin,
of Denmark, but it remained for Belle~
if ma 4 a inStiatn iKio tmnavlanl + am A
T U\1 VV illlilHiU Ulir IllipUl Vdlllr l|CRUUCUV
in this country. The history of the
case, from a snrgicaljatandpoint, is now
being prepared, but although performed
Hovornl weeks ago it has not been publicly
The University of the South, at 8ewance,
Tenn., has recently receir&d a
magnificent collection of boofrts from
England, including in all nearly 260folio
volumes of the best Benedictine editions
of tho Fathers of the Christian
Church. Many of tho sets are Very'rara
and beautiful, bound in vellum af^TfaU
calf gilt, with exquisite engravit^s, por>
traits and mumerous plates pf^bins.

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