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The Abbeville messenger. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1884-1887, May 20, 1885, Image 1

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VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY '20, 1885. _ NO. 34.
? = *
Richmond a danvii.i.e
Pat$eng*r Dtpartmtnf.?On audaftor Apr.
5th, 1886, pasaenp^r train aerrice on the A.
and C. Division will be as follows:
Jfovthmard. No. 51* No. 53f
Leave Atlanta 6 00 p m I 41) n m
arrive Gainesville A 08 p in 10 32 a in
I.ula u 8 3lt p m 10 55am
Itabun Gap juac i 9 22 pm 1121am
Toccoa e 0 56 pm 11 55 am
Ncneca City d ... 10 56 p m 12 51 p in
Greenville V 12 27 am 2 23 pm
Spartanburg/- 1 42 a m i 34 p in
Udstonia g 3 45 a m 5 20 p ni
charlotte K 4 45 a in 6 10 p m
(Southward. No. 50* No. 52f
Leave charlotte ... 3 00 a m 1 00 p m
arriveGastonia 3 50 ft m 1 41 p m
Spartanburg 5 53 am 3 34 pm
Greenville 7 10 a m 5 03 p m
Rcneca city 8 62 a in ft 30 p in
Toccoa 9 53 a m 7 35 p m
Rabun Gap June.. .10 32 a in 8 34 pm
Lula.. 11 07 a m 9 10pin
Gainesville ll as a m v z? p m
Atlanta I 40 p m 1180 pm
Express. tllail..
Freight trains an this road all carry passcnV?ra;
passenger trains ran through to Danville
and connect with Virginia Midland vailway
to all eastern cities, and at Atlanta with
all lines diverging. No. 50 loaves Richmond
S 36 p is aud No. St arrives thera 4 20 p m; 52
eaves Richmond at 2 00 a m, 53 arrives there
at 7 oO a m
Bvffct Sleeping Cars without
change: On trains Nob. 50 and 51, Now
Tork and Atlanta, via Washit.gtou and
"Danville, Greensboro and Asheville; on
trains Nos. 5'2 and 53, Richmond and
Danville, Washington, Augusta and New
Orleana. Through tickets ?n sale at
Charlotte, Greenville, Seneca, Spartanburg
and Gainesville to all points south,
southwest, north and east. A connccts
with N. E. railroad to and from Athens;
a twuv. v v mnA r .?, 'PnllnloK Polio*
e with El. Air Line to and fiom Elbcrton
And Rowersville; d with Blue Ridge to
and from Walhalla; e with C. and G. to
and from Greenwood, Newberry, Alston
and Columbia; f with A. S. and S.,
U. & C. to and from Hendersonville,
Alston, <fcc.; g with Chester and Lenoir
to and from Chester, Yorkville and Dallas;
h with X. C. division and C., C. !c
A. to and from Groenaboro, Raleigh, &c
Edmund Rkrki.et, Supt
Jf. Slaughter, Gen. Pass. Agt.
A. Ij Rives. 2i) V. P. and Man.
Comraeneing Sunday, Sept. 7lh, 1884, at
lliim, Pattienger Trains will run an fallows
until farther notice, "Eastern time:"
Columbia Division?Dmilj.
Loave Columbia 7 48 am 5 27 pm
Doe ai Charleston ....... 12 20 p ru 9 38 p ra
Leave Charleston 7 00 a ra 4 SO pm
Dae at colnmbia - 11 00 p m 9 22 a in
*md?n Division?Dailr except Sundays.
Lear* Columbia 7 48 a m 5 27 p in
Dm* Camden 12 55 p m 8 25 p m
Leave Camden 7 lit m 4 00 pm
Due Columbia .1100pm 9 22 pm
AHyvtta Division?Daily.
Leave Columbia 5 27 pm
Doe Augusta *7 41 am
Leave Augusta 3 50 p ra
Dae Columbia 9 22 p ra
Made Columbia with Columbia and Green- "
ville railroad by train arriving at 11 00 a. m.
and departing at 5 27 p. m.; at Columbia
Junction with Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
railroad bj same train to and from all'
points on both roada.
ai i>aane8t?n wun steamers lor new i ore
?n Saturday; #nd on Tuesday and Saturday
with steamer for Jacksonville and points on
St. Jaha'a river; also, with Charleston and
Savannah Railroad to and from Savannah
aad all points in Florida. .
At Augusta, with Georgia and Central rail
reads tn and fram all points West and South:
v at Blackville to and frow all point* on Barnwell
railroad. Through tickets can be purchased
to all points South and West br applyiurto
D. MgQckkn. A^ont, Columbia, S. C.
Join B. Peck, General Manager.
D. C. Ali.en, Gen. Pass, and Tickot Ag't
0? and after October i, 1884, Pabbknoek
Trains will run as herewith indicated upon
this road and its branches.
Daily, erupt Hundavt.
T <2 C
" Columbia C. A O. D * 11 10 p m
Arrive Alston 12 10 p m
" Newberry 1 IS p m
IVisetj'hix 8 47 p m
Greenwood 3 09 p ra
Ilodfces 1 S3 p m
Beltoa 4 *.Z p ml
at Greenville < 4 05 p m
Leave Greenville at 9 46 a m
Arrive Belton 11 lBtm
Hodges IS 23 p m
Greenwood 12 48 pm
Ninetr-Six 1 82 p m
Newberry 1 02 p m
Alston 4 10 p m
" Celaaabia C. A G. D 6 16 pm
Arrive Columbia 8 C. Jnnc'n ft SO p m
Leave Alston 12 52 p m
" Union 3 65 pm
" Spartanburg, S.U.AC.depot.6 50 p m
Le va Spsrt'g R. A D. Bepot .... 10 35 a ra
" Spart'g 8. U. A C. Depot . 10 51am
" Uaioa 12 60 p m
Atrive al Alston IMpsi
Leave Newber-y . S SO. p m
Arrive at Laurens C. H ? 6 60 pm
Leave Laareas C. H 7 40 a in
Arrive at Nowberry 11 10 p in
- Leave Hedges 3 45pm
Arrive at Abbeville 4 45 pm
Leave Abbeville .11 00 a m
Arrive at Hodges 12 00 pm
Leave Belten 4 46 d m
Arrive Aaderson .'...5 18pm
" Peadleton 5 56 p m
" Beaeea e ? 40 p m
* Arrive at Walhalla 7 93 p to
Lear* Walhalla 8 60 a in
Arrive Beaeoa 0 1ft a m
" Peudleton IMam
" Aaderson 10 33 a m
Arrive at Bel ton 11 08 am
A. With Booth Carolina railroad to and from
Charleston; with Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta railroad.from Wilmington and all
aoiata fttrth thereof; with Charlotte, Colum
Via anOncnsta railroad from Charlotte and
thereof. ?- With Asheville
"laRv "irw *n^ '?r p?|nt#
kr^ichmond and DanvHle railway
Be?TEK, <wfpaiMn<ter A*t.
Ail t Gen'l Fan. Agt.
'' ' ' '' ' ' 11
#4;j^HvF0RGET, we hart a modern
ft running power pres*, new
B^Ud and ^blank pipar, anjelopea
Magnolia Passenger Ronte. x
In elfcct March 15, 1885.
going south.
Leave Laurens *5 20 a in f8 50 a m
" Waterloo C 05 a m 0 55 a in
" Greenwood 7 00 a m 2 15 p m e
Arrive Augusta 10 45 a til 7 45 p ru _
Leave " 10 50 am 10 00 pm
Arrive Atlanta .5 40 pro 6 40 u m ti
Leave Augusta 11 30 a m a
Arrive lienufort 6 20 p m
Arrive l'ort Royal 6 35 pin c
" Ch ales ton 5 50 pin u
" Savannah 7 00 i>m
" Jacksonville 7 00 atn C
F ?o > ? ?8 All nm I .
" Savannah f> 65 am
Leave I'orl Royal 7 35 am e
" Renufort.... . 7 47 am .]
" Charleston 7 50 am
Arrive Augusta 1 50 pm n
Leave Atlanta f8 20 pm f(
Arrire Augusta 6 10 am
Leare Augusta *2 30 pni 6 15 am f<
Arrire Greenwood C 10 pm 11 40 am .
" Waterloo 7 04 pm S 30 pm
" Laurens 7 50 pm 4 40 pm il
Daily tDaily except Snnday. fj
Tickets on sale at Greonwood to all points e
at through rates?baggage checked to destination.
Connections made at Greenwood a
with C. & G. R. R. E. T. Chari.toh, G. I'. A. ^
Augusta, Ga. ^
Going Sou h no 48 vo 40 ''
Leave Wilmington 9 30 pm 11 10 pm d
Arrire at Florence 150am 2 20 a m .
Arrive at Columbia 6 40 ara "
Going North No 43 no 47 ft
I.ear# Columbia 10 00 pm ,
I.pmtp Plnronrn. 4 &0 n m 1 a m ^
Arrh'e at Wilmington . .7 40 p m 6 10am I,
Train no. 43 stops at all stations, sen. 48
and 47 stop only at Brinkley's, Whiterillo, 81
iFlcmingtnn, Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence, hi
Timmor.Pville, Suniter, camden junction nrd
Eastorer. Passengers for Columbia nnd all
points on c & u n k, c, c * a r r, Aiken June- ti
tion and all points beyond, should take no. 48,
night express. Separate Pullman sleepers
for Charleston and Augusta ou trains 48 and ^
47. All trains ruu solid between Charleston
and Wilmington. fl
Tl.r*7 * /* xr / 1 ?/wL ?On i I.
ininrti/iun. j.* . ?/wcy luin, jctoj.
NEW LINE between Charleston and 31
Columbia and Upper South Carolina. l'
WE8T. * MK?T.
' ? : p
7 00 jm Lv Charleston Ar. 8 45 pm
8 40 " " ....Lanes " 8 06 " 11
9 48 44 44 ... Sumter... " 6 55 " Ci
11 Ofl jim Ar Columbia Itv. 5 30 "
2 31 " 44 Winnsboro 44 3 48 44 n
3 46 44 ? ....Cheater " 2 44 "
535 " " Yorkvillc ? 100 "
6 25 44 " .... Lancuater " 9 P0 " tt
5 00 ' " Hock Hill " 2 00 ' h
6 15 " " ....Charlotte 44 I 00 "
1 13 pm Ar Newberry Lv 3 02 prn
3 09 " " ....Greenwood 44 12 48 44 ai
6 50 " " Laurens " 7 40 am T
5 18 " " ....Auderson 44 10 33 44 ,
f. 05" 44 Greenville 44 9 5 0 44
7 03 44 44 .... Walhalla 44 8 5 0 44 s.
4 4 5 4 4 44 ....Abbeville 44 11 00 44
5 5 0 4 4 44 ....Spartanburg ... 44 1050 44 U
. 9 30 J44 44 ... Ilendcraonrille.. 44 8 00 44 g]
Solid Trains between Charleston and Columbia,
S. C. . (
Gen"l Sup'l. Gen'l Pas. Agent, m
On and after Apr. 6th, 1885, pasaenpor
trains will be run tfailv. except Sunday, be- e'
twees Spartanburg and IIcndersouriHo as 0|
.UP TRAIN': sl
Loarc R. k I)- Depol at Spartanburg 4 00 p m I(
Learo Spartanburg, A. L. depot ....610pm
Leav^ Saluda 6 20 p m
Lebra Fla* Rock 7 00 pm p
Arrive Hcudcrsonvilie 7 15 s. ai
1>0\TX MR.4IX. B<
Tifiirp U^nfturannrUtn T t\l\ ?*
Ltmi'UtRoek 7 15am
Leave Saluda .7 50 a m
Learo A ir Liue Junction 10 15 It m n
Arrive It. k 1) Depot Spartanburg. 10 20 a m ^
Trains on tbis road run by Air-Lino time.
BoHi trains make connections for Columbia ri
and Charleston via Spartanburg, Union and q
Columbia; Atlanta and Charlotte by Air Line. ?
JAMES ANDERSON. Superintendent. ^
Grrknviu,r, S. C. rj
W. R. White. Proprietor. 48 f(
Mrs. M. W. Thomas, Proprietress. t
Broad street, Augusta, Ga. 49 <|
T| L. MABRY, i
Atornoy and Counsellor at Law. g
ABEVILI.K C. H., fi. C.
Office formerly occupied by Judge
Thomson. tf-50
Attorneys at Law,
51. Abbeville S. C.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
52 Abbeville, S. C.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, |
Abbktili.B, C. II., S. C. (
t&So. 1 O'Neill's Range. 1
Jan. 38,1886-lf M 1
? \
Attorneys at Law, I
practice in'ail the Court* of the .
State. 64 1
^ I
ALL. th? new shapes is Rtii and Bonnets l
with Rlbbens. Birds/Flowers, Satins i
Kaad TeWst* le Batch. /
7, . j
f . .' ' ' >*
'he Human Anatomy Arranged for An.
imrl Food?Beef and Milk Good.
"Stuff*and nonsense," said an cxperinci'd
Chicago physician, laying down i
n English illustrated treatise on vegeirianistn.
"Why, the entire human i
natomy would have to undergo a
hange." he continued, "to make a man, j
nless affected very especially by dis- i
ase or some idiosyncracy due to disarangeiuents,
a herbivorous animal. The
igestive aparatuR of the vegetable feedrs
is far more complex an arrangement
han that of carnivorous creatures or of
uman beings. The stomach of a cow,
or instance, is arranged in four parts?
aur stomachs, in fact?through oach of
rhich the food must pass before return1GT
to the month to ho Rtill furthnr in a a
icatcd before it can be digosted. Fleshating
animals have but a single stomch,
liken hollow sock. One killed 3 or
hours after it has eaten a full tneal will
e found to have an empty stomach,
rhile in an ox or sheep killed the same i
jngth of time after eating the process of i
igestion will be found to have hardly |
nishod its first stage. It is apparent 1
om this, if from no other evidence, that ,
uman stomachs, especially if weak or i
elongingto nervous persons, should be
ived the labor of converting vegetable j
ubstances into a form fit for assimilaon
so long as they can be spared the |
tsk by being supplied with animal food.
"I am disposed to exclude vegetables, ,
run me exception ot cereals and a tittle i
ruit, entirely froin the dietary of ner- |
ous persons. Why ? First, because
niraal food is more nutritious to tho
ervnus system and to the bod}' generlly
than vegetable. It hat? all the eaential
elements for the formation of
tie tisHui-B of the body, and is easily diested.
It appears to be the natural
Listenance for human beings. It seems
ossible for man to exist on it alone and
1 any climate, and continue in a normal
ondition. The first food taken by hu- j
lanitv milk ?in Rlrinllv in nnimnl
" """'J """ ? (
ubstance. It contains all the vie- (
lents necessary to the growth of the ,
umin body and to its maintenance in a \
late of health. This cannot be said of
ny one article of vegetable food,
hen the nervous system consists largej
of fat, and this substauce must be (
jpplied in some form or other in order
lat the brain and other nerve struciure
mil be properly nourished. If a per
>n uses up bis brain fastor than he
takes it he soon bocomcs irritable and
ervous. And if ho does not assimilate
nough food to supply its demands his
lind soon insure to become weak. The ]
ealthiest and strongest individuals,
ven should eat a far greater proportion I
f meat than of vegetable food. Beef
lould be taken as the standard moat, i
i answers every purpose of the system 1
hen not cooked too much. Veal and <
ork are not as easily digested. Pork, .
> far as its composition goes, is an ex- i
ollent food for nervous porsons,' but it |
i not readily digested. Yes in the or- |
ly we used to think nothing better for j
'ounded men than bacon. But, as a ,
ule, salt meat is not adapted to the re- ]
uirements of tho nervous individual. <
'he nutricious juices, to a great extent, ,
o into tne- brine. ,
"The flesh of young animals digest
uickcr than that of mature ones,
'his is true, also, of the flesh of wild ,
irds, which is more tender than that of
omosticated ones. This is accounted
or by the greater amount of exercise
hey take, thereby renewing their flesh
lore rapidly, and making it younger
ban that of birds which live a more
luiet life. This is a hint thatmight be
f benefit to ladies of sedentary habits
rho are desirous of prolonging an spicarance
of youth. Fish of all kinds is
;ood food for nervous people. Haw
ggs, contrary to the general opinion,
iro not so digestible as those which
lave been cooked. They should be
>oiled just enough to harden the white,
tome persons digest hard boiled c^gs
tetter than thoso cooked raro. Neither
rind eggs nor anything else fried ahould
>e enten by nervous people."
' Do not most persons injure their di;estion
by eating too much ?"
"No; the great majority, especially in
his country of abundant food, don't eat
>nough. I am quite sure of it. There
ire more peoplo killed by not getting
lufflcient to eat than by overloading
heir stomachs. Many of those who do
>at a sufficient quantity are prevonted
jy some disease from digesting enough
or the economy of their systems. The
rery first thing for any one who has oxlauRted
himself by mental work, or one
irho has been born weak and irritable, is
;o furnish bis brain with sufficient food
to either repair the dsmage it hss sustained
or to build it up into a strong,
lieslthy oondition.
"Such persons usually suffer from
arrous dyspepsia. Their stomachs are
nadeqnatc to the task of digesting the
rood pot into th9P* Owing to the detijiMtumowv
of the MridpaJJt
lies there lAia^d upon #$4'&Mo
juice, because there is either none or an
The food, instead of helping to renew |
the body and the nervous system with '
the rest, undergoes fermentation, and <
the body it should nourish starves The s
person is in a worse state than if the
food had not been eaten, for the fermen- |
tation develops acids and gasses. <
"Nervous people may get all the fat <
they noed out of sugar and starch, but it i
is better for those whose digestive or- 1
gans nre vury weak or whose nerves 1
are in a highly sensitive condition to
get it from the animal kingdom than to <
compel their enfcebUd stomachs, intes- <
tines and pancreas to create it out of <
starch and sugar. Good bread with I
plenty of sweet butter is an excellent i
food for the nerves. i
"People troubled with insomula, nor- 1
vous startincr from sleen. and ??nn?tir?ns i
of falling, can often be cared by limit- 1
ing themselves to a diet of milk alone <
for a time. I mean milk and nothing i
else. An adult requires about three 1
pints or two quarts daily, taking a pint *
for a meal.
"People with weak nerves requiro <
usually a larger quantity of water than t
those whoso brains and nerves are <
strong. It aids in the digestion of food t
by making it soluble, and seems to hare <
? direct toic effect. A quart or two of
crater?not iced?may be drank in twen- i
ty-four hours iu cold weather and in <
Summer twice as much. Hot water
should never be taken in the stomach, s
for nothing is more relaxing to it. c
"With proper eating and drinking we 1
ihould have fewer broken-down, ner- e
rous wrecks and" far more vigorous intel- c
Icctfl. The present human species can- c
lot eliminate flesh from its food and f
upount to a row of pins. The notion
that nothing but vegetables should be a
?aten in one that is npt to overtake per- h
tons somewhere in life, but it usually V
passes away, and is due, as I said before, t
to some disorganisation. The fancy is 1
more apt to assail the young than the
middle-aged, and females more fre- t
juently than males. A nervous, sickly t
;irl of twenty-one was put undor inj 1
:are about eight month* ago. 1 found
lutthat she had imbibed that notion, e
ind had practised it for about a year. I f
limited her diet to so much per meal and (
i small quantity of bread and fruit, with r
i pint of milk. You wouldn't know *he 4
was the same' girl if 3*ou had seen her
then and saw h?r now. All of that ab- a
mrdity has left her with her growth of
fitrength and nerve power. No, meat is r
the food of humanity, and man must ^
itick to it." 1
Reopening a Vexed Question lit the t
Diocesan Convention.
[Speoial Diapatch to the Netrs and Courier.]
Columbia, May 13.?The streets of j
Columbia wero thickly sprinkled this a
morning with clerical costumes, indi- j
sating that the Episcopal Diocesan Con- t
cention was about to meet. Trinity
Church, which has recently been groat- I
ly improved inside and out, was- ready I
Tor the Convention. The erroneous
publication in the Register of the hour c
of meeting led a dozen delegates, who 1
liad evidently read that paper, to attend \
the Church by 10 o'clock. The remain- ]
der of the delegates dropped in about a
in hour later.
At 11 o'clock the regular morning ser- c
rice oT the church was begun and was r
continued until nearly 1 o'clock, when
the rito of communion was administered. ^
The two colored ministers present went
up to the communion table and partook
of the Sacrament with the rest. Many (
lay members subsequently showed a]
good deal of fooling about this. The .
IUv. Messrs. Pinckney, Bellinger, Porter,
Shand, Judd and the Bishop officia- i
ted in the service*. The Rev. Mr. Bab- (
bitt preached the pormon.
There being a quorum present of both (
orders, the Convention was doclared du- j
ly organized, and the list of clerical ,
deputies was referred to a committee '
consisting of the Rev. Messrs. Hanckol, ,
Allston and Gadsden, and of the lay :
deputies to Messrs. R. W. Shand, C. K.
Hugor and W. J. Ball. The committee (
on tho list of the clergy reported the
list referred to them correct. Mr. W.
C. Benet called for a rote by orders as (
to tho confirmation of this report,
which created considerable discussion
on the part both of clergy and laymen.
Mr. J. J. Pringle Smith, of Charleston,
joined in the call. A very warm
discussion ensued. Bishop Howe instantly
said that the gentlemen making
the call were out of order. He explained
his constitutional grounds in preparing
the Bishop's list of the clergy.
Mr. Benct, in support of the call,
road Article'7 of the Constitution, guaranteeing
the right of two delegates from
different parishes to call for a vote by
ordars On any measure.
-> The Bishop skill insistod that under
the rules governing the House of Representative*
ho, as presiding officer,
could ask the hourfe if they consented
jto the call.
: Mr. T. M. Han ok el, of Charleston,
took strong grounds against the bishop's
position, and declared that neter was
wore despotic power claimed by any
- . - i
presiding officcr. Judge Haskell, of
Columbia, said that he was not aware
of the purpose of those making the call, Ai
and asked an explanation.
The Bishop informed him that th?
purpose, no doubt, wan to reach the two
solored clergymen included in his list, tr
jne a presbyter and the other a deacon, th
ind that the question undoubtedly was. tv
whether they should be admitted fo the as
5oor. p<
I)r. Porter spoke very warmly, depue- u{
mating the action of those making the hi
:all. Hi spoke on the color, not the tii
institutional line* He had, he said, no sii
rear of the result of the vote. It was a cc
itrange position to ask this diocese to in
jndertake at this late day to exclude inen wi
who, under the Constitution, had as M
-nuch right on this floor as he had. If
'.here was objection to any man, let the m
>bjectors come out boldly and state what to
t was. There seemed to ba something ro
behind this call, and he asked an open
statement of what it was. rc
The Rev. Mr. Bellinger, of Colleton, be
;xplaincd that there was constitutional c0
kuthority for the call for a vote by or- (H
lers. but said that it scented to him that ba
he proper course was to object specift- ^
:ally to the persons who wore aimed at.
The Rev. Ellison Capers, of Green- or
rille, explained to Judge Hrtakcll the f01
constitutional bearing of the question. Hi
Mr. W. St. Julien Jcrvey made a rei
itrong constitutional argument in favor
?f the right to call for a vote by orders.
The Rev. Mr. McCullough made some be
explanatory remarks. Jud&e Kershaw *bi
:onceded tho constitutionality of the a 8
all, but suggested that there should be a I
Irst a motion to adopt the report. teI
Mr. Benetsaid that the matter was a co
imple one, and to assure Dr. Porter that Th
to was not afraid to ntate bis position
le would withdraw the call and make ,nf
he issue directly. He moved the fol ^ ^
owing resolutions :
Resolved, That the report?fthe coin- an'
uittee on clerical delegates be? nmended et^
>y striking out the names of the Kev. cai
ilr. Bishop and the Rev. Mr. Harper. ^
Resolved, That the question of their Pn
ligibility under the Constitution be re- ^'S
erred to a committee or five to heap- Int
minted by the chair?two to bo clergy- un
nen and three laymen?said committee
o report at the next convention. " an'
A inotioll tO adioiirn ir?C harn marln mi
,nd lost. 8U!
Mr. J. J. Pringlo Smith seconded the
esolutions and stated that under the an
Constitution none but men of the whito ^0l
^co, either clerical or lay, were entitled cn
o seats in tho Convention ; that he and lst
hose with whom he was allied claimed
hat far from overruling the Constituion
they were endeavoring to maintain
t. " ed
Before Mr. Benct's resolutions wore ^
>ut, a motion to adjourn was interposed, a"
ind at 3.30 p. m. the Convention ad- to
ourned until 10 o'clock to-morrow u(*
Archdeacon Kirkby, of the Church of w<
England, being present, was accorded ^
he privileges of the floor.
Tho fight over the admission of the
:olored ministers will be continued hot- co
y to-morrow morning. There is a surprising
amount of feeling on the subjectkfost
of the clergy nre in favor of their
idmission, and the lay delegates are alnost
solidly against it. The latter de- 'a
ilare with confidence that they will car y
their point.
rtie Hon. Leroy F. Tonuans Appointed ??c
District Attorney for South Carolina?
A New Inspector of Steam Tessels for
this District. It
Special Dispatch to the News and Courier.] to
* Washington, May 12.?The President ?.r
this afternoon appointed Leroy F. You- 1
uans, of Columbia* to he United Stated m
District Attorney for the State of South
Carolina. This appointment was fianll y 8
igreed upon last Saturday, and the rec- ^
ommendation of Attorney-General Gar- c
land was forwarded to the President c"
yesterday. When the subject was conlidered
at the Cabinet meeting to-day
the selection of Mr. Youtnans was heart- or
ily approved, and tho President immedi- 111
itely afterwards attached his signature e*
a!_ - !?i a CI
iu inn ttppoinununi. ^
There has never been serious doubi
about Mr. Youmans' appointment at .
any time since the fourth of March, al- In
though he had numorous worthy competitors.
The records of the department
of justice show that the following gen- *
tlemen wera recommended for the poai- '
tion : George E. Haynsworth, Sumter ;
T. C. Gaston, James L. Orr, Greenville ;
James P. Hart. Yorkyille; Joseph H.
Earle, Sumter; W. St. Julion Jersey,
Charleston; W. 3. Benet, Abbeville; ?
William Elliot, Beaufort, and F. W. Mc- ?
Master, Columbia.
Tho President also tnsdo another ap
pointmeni to-day in whhh Charleston "
is interested, viz : James Curran, of Baltimore,
supervising inspector of steam 01
vessels for the Third District, fice John
Menshaw, removed. The Third-District 0.
Embraces the ports of Charleston, Savan- tt
nah, Norfolk and*Baltimore. The poai- a
tion is worth $8,000 per year, .Aid the tc
inspector has the appointment of the lo- V
cal inspectors and two clerks. Menshaw, tl
unccnsoioua of being removed so aadden- ft
\jf started soath last night He was o
appointed i^n^s, im, J
lecdote of the Trial and Execution of
Mrs. Surratt.
Judgo Andrew J. Wylie, of the Disio.t
of Columbia, who recently asked
at the President appoint his successor,
rcrity years ago distinguished himself
a bold and fearless judicial officer by
rforming an act which brought down
>00 hi* head the censure of many of
s nolitical friends and associates at tho
lie. It was after the trial of the ns.sasnation
conspirators, when all had been
nvictod and sentenced to be hanged
eluding the ill-fated or unfortunate
oinan and friend of John Wikes Hooth,
rs. Mary D. Surract. The latter's
unsol had resorted to every known
ethod undor the law and by petition
secure a commutation of Mrg. Surtt's
sentence of death, but in vain. As
I must remember who read the occurnces
of that day, the conspirators had
:en tried by court martial, and even the '
uniel for the dofence of Mrs. Surratt
[on. Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland,) '
d been objected to by the prosecution. 1
was necessary to resort to a dosper9
move in order to save Mrs. Surratt,
to even have her life respited for a '
w days. President Johnson was deaf. 1
3 even declined to give Mrs. SurraU a
spite for a day to prepare to meet her
Not knowing whether a Judge could
(band who would dare "do such a
ing, yet Mrs. Surratt'H eounsal having
itrong case and new evidence, drew up
taper and presented the facts and demincd
to pray for a writ of habeas
rpus. The crisis was a desperate oneie
counsel called at the residence of
dgc Wylie at two o'clock in the mornl
set for Mrs. Surratt'H execution,
ley rang the bell. Some one camo to
s front window of the second story
d gruffly demanded "What is want?"
Judge Wylie, partly dressed,
me down stairs and admitted the two
vyers, who stood trembling in his
*sence. IIr, tha Judge, turned on the
111 in uic nail aim iookgq ai mc uocu:nt
they presented. Standing there
der the gas burner, Judge Wylic read
3 document through without a word)
d then retired to the rear room for a 1
nute. The counsel were in dread j
Kpense. They could hear their hearts f
at. Prejudice ran high in Washington, ^
d it was not thought a Judge could be (
ind who would issue a writ of habeas
rpus for Mrs. Surratt. The Adminration,
President Johnson; the Secro y
of War, Mr. Stanton; the Judge
lvocate General, an ^xcited army and
vy, and an excited populace, demand- j
the hanging of Mrs. Surratt. Judge j
vlie had not lone been on the bench
(I had everything to lose and nothing ^
gain by issuing the writ. He return- ,
to tho counsel and said quietly, but ^
mly: "Gentlemen, your points are .
$11 taken." lie signed a writ to bring
rs. Surratt before him that morning. (
After the writ was nerved President
hnaon suspended the writ of habeat ^
rput. .
' This act of Judgo Wylie was one
at places him in tho. character of ono |
tho boldest and most upright Judges
modern timos," said a Washington (
iryur in relating the incident.
Words Misnsod. 1
Cobious for strange, unusual, See? (
Jurious'1 is equivalent to inquisitive
drought to be kept to that meaning,
is very fashionable of lato, however, ^
nan in th* anncn nf ni-nmUnor ininr*
... t -"o "v? 71 ,
worthy to be inquired into. "A cu- j
>us child finds & curious flowor, and <
ikes a curious remark about it." It
a pity to\ise a word three tiroes in a
ort sentence, in three different senses
Disobiption for kind, sorr, Ac.?A
iBcription is a setting forth of the pe- ]
iliar qualities of an object, so that the i
>ject may be rerogniied thereby, i
his is a very different thing from sort, 1
kind, or class; and yet we some I
lies hear of persond or things of ev- 1
y description, when the speaker
curly meant to spank of pontons or |
ings of every clasn. i
Example for problem.?An example
Arithmatic contains the solution of a
oblem, as a model of the pupil's
lidance. A problem contains .work to
i done by the pupil. Many text>oks
commit the mistake of calling all
ieir problems examples.
Decimal for fractional.?It is a great
ty that nearly all our text-booka in
rithmttic call the figures on the right
' the "units' points'' decimal figures,
- simply decimals, to distinguish them
om those on the left, which are decial
figures also. "Decimal" means re*
ted in some way to the number 10.
be Arabio system, which we use, is
tiled the decimal system, beoause a
nit of cach order is worth ten of the
axt order on its rights and this law
peratea exactly alike on both sidas of
le point It is clearly absurd to select
common characteristic of two things
> distinguit h one of them from the otfcef.
ifhy not pall the figures on the left of
ie point integral, aadthose oh the fright
actional ? This would state the cade
f^eaub just as it ^WiUiamH^
A Long-Forgotten Letter tliat Cost Him
His Commission.
Washington, May 10.? It will be remembered
that during the war it was a
very frequent occurrcnce for letters and
correspondence of the Confederates,
private and official, to fall into the hands
of the Union forces. All official matter
was forwarded to Washington, and all
private letters also, except thoso of tho
most trivial and inconsequential oharacncter.
These letters have been carefully
preserved, and from time to time many
of them have been brought to light,
much to the surprise and unconverfience
of the writers. The Intent case is that
of Capt. James Blackburn, brother of
Senator Blackburn, who was appointed
Internel Revenue Collector for one of
xt a 1 !!_* ?-. - "
mv ivcumtrj umincis. ine loilowing
letter, which has lain unthought of Tor
twenty-four yeara, was extracted from
the collcction of Confederate archives,
tind the result is that the President and
Cabinet have unanimously agreed that
Cupt Blackburn should not be commissioned
"Abingloh, Va., Oct. 2, 1861?My
Dear Wife: I have left you and our
children in the land of the despot, but
God grant that I may soon be able to
make the Union men of Kentucky feel
the edge of my knife. From this day
I hold every Union traitor as my enemy,
und from him 1 scorn to receive quarter,
and to him I will never grant my soul in
ilcath ; for they are cowards and villians
enough. Brother Henry &nd I arrived
here without hindrance. I have had
chills all the way, but I hope to live to
kill forty Yankees for every chill that I
ever had. I learn that Hardee is still
in the Arkansas h.ien, inactive, and if
this proves true I will tender my resignation
and go immediately to Kentucky,
1 hope that 1 will do my duty m & robel
ind free man. Since I have the Union
men of Kentucky, I intend to begin tho
work of murder in earnest, and if 1 ever
ipare one of them may hell be my portion.
I want to see Union blood now
leep enough for my horse to swim in.
four husband, James Balckbuqn."
Convention of Judges.
Pursuant to adjournment, the Contention
of Judges assembled at Columbia,
in the Supreme Court consultation
oom, yesterday at p. m. Present?
Hhicf Justice Simpson, Associate Jusices
Mclrer and MeGowan, and Judges
\ldrich, Hudson, Kershaw, Witheripoon,
Wallace and Cothran.^
The Committee on revision, appointid
at a previous meeting, reported
.hrouah Judge Wallace thai thn^
w w 7 ?v r"^
10 proposition to make as to any change
n the Hules of the Circuit Courts.
Rule 14 of the Cireuit Court Rules
ivafi amended, by striking out the word
'private" in the first line and by insertng
at the end of the Rule the following :
'Or unless made in open court and
-toted by the Presiding Judge". So
;hat the Rule now reads :
.Rule 14?No agreement or consent
between tho parties or their attorneyp,
in respect to the proceedings in a cause,
shall bo binding, unless the same shall
have been reduced to the form of an or:ler
by consent and entered ; or unless
the evidence thereof shall be in writing,
subscribed by the party against whom
tho.satne shall be alleged, or by his attorney
or counsel ; or unless made hi
apen court and noted by the Piesiding
The State Reporter was reauested to
publish in the next volume of Reports,
ill new Rules and modifications of the
Rules adopted Mince the publication of
Shand's Manual. Adjourned.
Shakoapeare and the Bible.
In no respoct is the varied universal
play of Slinkupoare's genius, and his
royal,dominion overall things human
m<t divine, moro fully shown than in the
use he makes of the Bible. He treats
the Scriptures as if they belonged to
him. Bishop Wordsworth, in his
"Shakspoaro and the Bible," finds in the
poet more than 560 Biblical quotations,
kllusious, references, and sentiments.
"Hamlet," alone, contains about 80,
"Richard III," nearly 60, "Henry V"
and Riohard U about 40 eaoh. Shakspeare
quotes from 64 of the Biblical
books, and not one of his 37 plftys is
without % scriptural reference. Genesis,,
furnishes the poet with SI quotations or
<u. i _:*v *r. t??
with 35, Isatah with 21. Mathew with
60. Lake with 83 And Roman* 38.
Blanchb K. Brccc, the colored Ren- ,
istrar or the Treasury, has been reqaeated
to resign, it acems. Now, let the
other nun and brother, Frederick Douglaaa,
be assisted to alight.
Commodore Vanderbilt'a widow, who A
died recently, . ?t the age of 40, wan wjB
Alabainiau by birth. She was inatro^fi^
mental in directing her iromen?jfl
wealthy old husband to Reveral mJ|
ftciant deeds of charity, the
waa the o ridoi^^^^MBM

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