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1 ? i | ?i1?I UllJgg ' VOL. 2. ABBEVILLE, S. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 20, 1886. NO. 33. ' ' 1 : 4i ?.? . m The Chester, Greenwood aud Abbevill Railroad. \ mm in The News and Courier Burrau,) 103 Main St., Columbia, April 13. S Columbia is full of railroad men an railroad talk to-night, although the in terest of the city in the occasion of th gathering is remote. This city was se locted as the assembling point bccaus of Its central position. The meetin was one of the corporators of the Ches ter, Greenwood and Abbeville Railroa* . and of delegates from the various sec tiona interested in the road. It begai in the gentlemen's sitting-room of th Grand Central Hotel at 8 p. m. The following corporators were pres ent: C. A. C. Waller, S. P. Boozer, T F. Riley, W. II. Bailey, Greenwood W. H.' Parker, L, W. Perrin, Hugl Wilson, Abbeville ; W. A. Shand Laurens; .Julius Mill, W. Iv. Uavtc Chester. The following delegates were als< present: Abbeville, J. C. Miller, M. L Bonhaia, Jr., R. R. Hemphill, T. G Seal, John Knox, W. C. Benet, W. O Dundns; Greenwood, B. Reynolds. G A. Swygert, J. T. Simmons ; Cross Ilill and Mountsville, Laurens County. Dr K. M. Caine, Dr. J. H. Miller, M. T Simpson, Dr. A. R. Fuller; Clinton Laurens County, W. B. Bell, I). D. Little, J. W. Copeland; Chester, J. L, Glenn, W. A. Sanders, J. K. Henr}', John B. McFadden, F. T. Morgan. Gil?* J. Patterson, J. H. Buchanan ; NVinnsboro, J. M. Beattv, Chas. A. Douglass, B. M. Hughey; Union, G. C. Perrin, D. I*. Duncan. Col. K. M. Rucker, of Anderson, was received as a delegate representing property <m the Georgia route of th? ijIMt The meeting effected a preliminary organization by electing L. W. 1'errin president, and D. P. Duacan secretary. Reports from the different delegation* were called far. ilr. W. H. Porker, of Abbeville, gave a sketch of the mo&M origin of the enterprise as the Greenwood and Abbeville Railroad. A charter for this road failed to puss the Legislature at the session of 1883 on account of the lateness of its introduction. At the session of 1885. public attention having been drawn to the plan, its scope was extended, and it wast charter ?d under its present name. It would pass through tke centre of the State and was designed to connect Monroe, X. C., with Athens or Atlanta, Ga. He understood that it would place Abbeville from seventy to ?s:htv five miles nearer Atlanta than it was by rail at present. At an enthusiastic meeting of the citizens of Abbeville it was resolved to vote a subscription of Ihree per cer.t. on the property of the town, from $15,000 to $18,000. S. 1*. Boozer, of Greenwood, spoke enthusiastically and pledged the liberal aid of Greenwood G. A. C. Waller, ol Greenwood, joined in the same strain and referred ta a letter from R. Y. McAden and -atfeers interested in building a road southward from Roanoke, Va., to open a syRtew in opposition to the Clyde system, whicfe tetter gave assurance o( co>operatioii <a the enterprise. \T. A. Shand, of Laurens, had read resolutions of the citizens of Clinton pledging tint section to bear its full skate of the burden of building the road. Mr. Hhand said that the people ol Cross (fill. Hunter and Jack's townships, Laurens County, would grade the road tkixaagh those townships twenty-five males. Dr. J. H. Miller and W. B. Bell of Laurens County, and G. C. Perrin, ol Pishdam Township, Union County promised the aid of their sections. Col II. P. Duncan, of Goshea Hill Township, Union County, said that his townskip already had $30/900 voted for i railroad, and this road could get it bj erosfaag the township. Maj. -Julius Mills, of Chester, though Chester Township would give at leas $50,000 to the road, and that the county . would give $20,000 to $25,000 more Waxhaw Township, Lancaster County he thought, would give $20,000 more Two other townships in Lancaster, h< tuuugiii, nuuiu gi*? flW,UUV lO UIKO 1 road to Wadesboro'. Major Mills Bui that he had talked to Mr. John M* Hob inson, of tho Robinson railroad systorr and found him in hearty accord wit the projectors of Ur? enterprise. He ha changed his mind atraut tho injoriou effects of the railraa4 commission upo tho railroads of th? State, and said thi C he intended to make a Southern connection. Capt. Davie, of Landsford, Chester County, pledged subscriptions from himself and property-owning friends, '' and promised to work hard for the road, i- [niendant Glenn, W. A. Sanders and e Senator Giles J. Patterson, of Chester, ?- all spoke heartily for Chester ; so did e Editor Morgan, of the Bulletin. Mr. C. g A. Douglass, of Winnsboro', asked the - meeting not to fix the route until Faird field could make a proposition to have the > line run through Lancaster, Winnsboro', n Newberry, Greer.wood and Abbeville, e This offer would be made as soon as possible and for such a road Fairfield, hav ing no bonded debt, would give as large '. a subscription to this enterprise as any i : countv in the State. Mr. J. M. Beat ? ty, of Winnsboro', spoke to the same I , effect. , Mr. \V. C. Benet, of Abbeville, said that two gentlemen of Cokesbury had ) said they would give $10,000, and that . Hodges and Cokesbury townships would . give $20,000 if the road would take that . route. He was requested by a gentlman . of Ninety-Six to say that if tho line I would pass through thattotvn its. people . would contribute to the utmost of their . power. He esteemed it fortunate that the Robinson system and the city of Athens were both stretching out their . hands for this connection and that only , help in the middle was needed. lie i moved that a committee of three go to Athens, inform its peop.le of the promise , of tho enterprise in South Carolina, the . committee to report the result of its visit to. the next zncetiug. Adopted. Tho t committee appointed consists of Messrs. W fl. Unobnv on/1 Tnltato s Mills. I After some discussion on side issues, ' Mr. Parker moved for a committee of E i three to ascertain and report to the next 1 meeting the respective amounts which 1 i would probably be raised on the two routes suggested this ovening. Agreed to. * ! Tfc<r eeanoitlee consists mi M?urt. M, * S. Bailey, C. .A. Dodgloss and J. L. ? Glenn. On motion of Mr. M. L. Bon ham, J r., a meeting of the corporators ; was called, to be held immediately upon c the adjournment of this meeting, to con- ' sider the method by which the #20,000 I required to be subscribed anterior to * the final organisation of the company I should be raised. The general meeting * (hen, at 10.15, adjourned and the corporators met. If confidence and enthu- a si asm count this railroad will certainly * be built. c The corporators at their mooting Appointed committees for each town and c township along the line to canvass for 1 subscriptions to the required capital * stock of $20,000, and to ascertain and report the terms upon which county, township and municipal subscriptions would be made. When .$20,000 is subscribed and advertisement is made for thirty days a permanent organization will be effected. There is no doubt that the preliminary subscription will be made with great promptness. Although it is not officially so stated it is certain J that tbe corporators i.have assurances that when the township subscriptions are made the John M. Robinson interest ' will complete the line. Such a road 1 1 would shut off Columbia and Charleston very much and mnkeS the projected Co- 1 1 lumbia, Newberry and Laurens Rail- ' P \ 1 roau more important than ever to both i cities. ' n. a. o. ' I I The Begister's Editorial. 1 l ??? ( J. There is no mistake about it, the i meeting last night in the interest of the ] Chester, Greenwood and Abbeville I lload was an enthusiastic one, and ! should make our people open their t eyes. r Chester and Abbeville had some of i their very best men present in numbers, t and they were evidently intent on busit negfl. l'aiffleld was there in regpectablc . numbers to put in an earnest plea for the line, and Greenwood was on hand to claim th? maternity of the whole scheme. We saw on all sides, from tho North ^ Carolina line to the Savannah, the most ^ unmistakable evidence of tho disposition and determination to got right np, horse, t foot and dragoon, and go right over to l'( Atlanta, as the one thing needful. We, of course, all know that It requires somo ^ Uiing more than'talk to build railroads, '* but these men evidently mean more than n tfclk, a?dwe look , to s?e another itI atHlno road struck right across the State i v.v. to Atlanta. We uiay have something moro to Ray in this conncction, so far as Columbia'*! interest is concerned. The Columbia, Newberry and Laurens Road comes right in here to keep our heads above water. Now is the time to strike, if we ever did strike. Is the Negro a Failure. On our first page will be found a' forcible and exhaustive answer to tho question from the pen of the Hon. W." C. Benet, of Abbeville. Mr. Bcnet's views, we are sure, embody those of* vast majority of thoughtful men at the Souih. The initiative of the discus* sion was made by Professor White, of" Georgia, who is of opinion that as a laborer, the negro is a failure, and that the great need of the South is to obtain i better class of peasantry and more skilled laborers. : This question must be treated practically. We must look at matters as ihoy are, and not as they might have t)een or what we would desire. The tieg^o is here with us in the order of Providential dispensation, and here he ivill stay, both from necessity and from ;hoice. He could not get away if he ivould and woulil not if h? miiIH s a joint occupant with us of the counry, and has no desire to give up the nily hope of improving his condition ind working out his destiny in contact vith a superior raoc.,- H$r is unfortunate ti having been brought too prominently lefore the eyes of the nation 88 the pet. >f philantropists, and the tool of demagogues and in the upheaval of social >rder following the war, elevated to lositions of trust and responsibility, far jeyond his abilities and his moral itrength. That was not his fault, but n that was his failure, and no one mows it better than himself. The negro as a class must be content 0 remain a laborer, whether in the ielda or in ttat; workabopa, until-by iducation, accumulation of property, 1 more providential habit, and the exmiple of the white man, he can work >ut his own elevation. Treat him kindy, give hiin all his jufit rights and help tiin when he wants hefp, but let him iork out his own civilization on tho dan he prefers and which he knows will >e best for him. If then, we consider him an unvoidble fixture here, is his presence disasrouB to the South, a hindrance to agriultural progress ? Those who have lived in the Southrn States, who understand th* traits of he negro, his docility of character, his peculiar imitative faculties, his adaption o the climate, his freedom from malaral influences which are fatal to the vhite man, will be ready to agree with is, that there is no other race which tan oa ta*n11 1*- ? ..... oU n?n mwu uiu jusvtt 01 a peiun* ry as the negro. But he needa super-' rision and direct. Ho needs the conrolling intelligence of the white race i o produce the best results. As a sim>le laborer, he has no superior, but he s unable to stand alone, he cannot plan 'or the future, nor use his labor to the jest advantage without intelligent lid. What we do need, is a yeomanry of small farmers. We want our large unprofitable areas of land broken up into imall farms which may be purchased for a moderate sum. Then ownership, home and all the advantages and comforts of a home will attract thrifty settlers, who with their ohurches and their schoolhouses around them, and a personal interest in the good order and prosperity of thoir region, will furnish the best population a country can have. rnL -4 * - i iic present system oi leasing plant ing lands for short periods, generally by the year, is most disastrous to the prosperity of the country, and stands as an impediment in tho way of progres. The hired hand like the hired horse, must pay for its present use without re* gard to future consequences. In the hands of unthrifty lahorers, who have no interest in its improvement, and are mostly unable to expend anything in improvements, it is worn to tho last point of productive energy and becomes worthless. But with ownership and a home, all this is changed, and the goose is not killed for the golden egg. The system of small farms will also be beneficial to the negroes, inasmuch as they will be more scattered. Every Southerner who know# tho negro, un[ derstands this* When thrown togethei in large numbers and left alone they make no progress in civilization, but often retrograde. When scattered on small farms, under the directing intelligence of the white race they are in every way more efficient. Their imitative faculties are brought into play, they become more intelligent, arc hotter laborers, and are on the road of progress. With respect to the plan of elevating ' the negro race, by intermarriage with the whites, it is scarcely neccessary to allude to such a chimerical absurdity. It has been tried by the Latin races on this continent, who seem to have neither Yhe ability to colonize successfully, nor repugnance to social intercourse. The mongrel populations of Mexico and the South American States, in which there has been degradation on one side without elevation on the other is a timely warning. In our Anglo-Saxon race, for perhaps more properly) our American stock, race instinct even without the enactment of penal laws, will save us from such an evil. There will always be crtaks and pseudo-martyrs, who will be ready to recommcnd this Solution but never to rest it in their own experience. As we said in the beginning we are compelled to treat this question practically. It is a fact that the negro is here, and that he means to stay, and that his mission must be that of a laborer. We must work out the problem on this basis. By a train of Civcumstanccs he has been brought from his native land in n state of suvne. - ? ? o ery in large numbers and after a few centuries or servitude, in contact with a more civilized race (who will sny not to his benefit?) 'he is now, with this emergence from savagery, left free to carry on tho work of his own progress. All indications show that it is his choice an? bid intention to work it out in his own way. He wants his own schools, his own churches, bis own benevolent, cor operative and other organizations. There bas been too much outside sentimentalism too iruch petting and attempted interference for his own good. His race traits must be reedgnized and allowed to have full scope. We cannot expect him to worl' altogether in the line of the white man's progress. Bnt with the advantages of a superior civilization before him, under the protection of the laws of the country (which he has,) restriction from crimes ag&inst so.ciety, and snch good examples as the white man mar offer for his cuidRnow. r ' O 1 ho must work out his own destiny. We hare full faith in tho Providential designs for ultimate good. What these purposes arc and how they will be attained, it is not for us to know, but we believe it will ultimately come right.? Aiken Hecorder, Professor Hod fee on Evolution. [From the Memphis Appeal,] ? Princeton, N. J., March 29,1886. Dear Sta-?I am much obliged to you and your friend for calling my attention to the use made of certain occasional utterances of Drs. McCosh, Pattonand myself on the subject of the origin of man, and of the obviously labored attempt made to represent us as sympathizing with the positions occupied by the party of advanced opinions now agitating this question in the Southern Presbyterian church. While feeling strongly and thinking definitely on the subject, we have conscientiously avoided all reference to the painful controversy in your church. This was plainly the duty of every person situated as we are. A.11 such controversies come instantly to involve much tnat is personal, local ana accidental, in addition to the matters of fact or principle with which they start; therefore both because we were imperfectly informed, and because it is none of our business, we have simply held our tongues. But the situation is altogether changed when we find that imperfoct reports of extemporaneous lectures, and inferences from certain written opinions are used^to connect our names with, and thus render us constructively responsible for positions and issues involved in your controversy, with which neither oi us have the least sympathy. The lecture of mine quoted, in part, by the Memphis Appeal of Sunday, March 21st, was never written, and was very imperfectly reported. The part which referred to evolution and its relation tc the origin of Adam is altogether omitted in the Memphis Appeal. If U had been given correctly, no reader, would V. . \ v.' evor have questioned again on which side 1 stand with reference to this matter. I am alone responsible for this letter, but I am certain that I accurately represent the opinions of Drs. McCosh and Patton as well as my own. Evolution as a working hypothesis of scientific men lies beyond the sphore of our criticism ; and threatens no interest with which we are concerned. Science has authority only because it deals with questions capable of definite verification. When limited definitely to her own sphere she is not to be questioned, and cannot be resisted. But her sphera is correspondentlv narrow. ShA hu t#> do with phenomena, things capable of being determined by the senses, and their likenesses and unlikenesses, their co-existence and successions. All speculation as to cans-is and final ends belongs to the department of philosophy. .And the current philosophy of evolution, which hypothecates spontaneous generation, and the genetic evolution of all existing living beings from the same primary germs, has as little of the character of real science and as little of its authority, as any other Dhilosophical speculation which ever transiently troubled the currents of human thought. There is no evidence that demands serious consideration to prove that man was originally generated from non-human ancestors. It is preposterous to teach it as a fact of science. Many intelligent men regard it as probable on the side of physical analogy, and of precisely that amount of value. We think that even if specific variation b3r descent should be proved to have been the method followed by God in bringing into existence the successive orders of the lower animals, the immense probability in the case of in n n Innl'ino ?>?? *-? - * ...p, upuu tue pruuium in IDC light of revelation and of the intellectual and moral side of man, is that the preparatory law ceased to rule in this supremo, instance and that God's own will and image was brought into existence by an immediate act of God Himself. Certainly the Scriptures, which we devoutly be to be the very word of God, render this very plain in what they teach as to the production of Eve. An evolution of the body of Adam, since evolution signifies advanced changes through immeasurable minute variations, could possibly have been affected in the male line alone. He must have had a mother as well as a father, and he must have had sisters and female cousins as welK If the theory of evolution any man holds makes room for the Bible account of Eve, neither the scientists, nor the philosophers, nor the theologians will make room for him. With the best wishes for the prosperity of yourself and of your noble and boloved church, and of all its institutions, 1 remain, yours sincerely, A. A. Hodoe. P. S.?To say that God created the body of Adam out of pre-existing materials is to say precisely what the Biblo says. But this is very different from saying that lt?waa produced Aqa process of natural generation from the bodies of brute ancestors. To say thft God formed a body as a new creation out of pre-existing matter, and then placed a newlycreated soul in it, is one thing. But this is very different from saying that a brute generated a soulless body, and then (lint God put a soul created in His own ituu^c in it. Popular Cranes. Every now and then, a craze takes possession of the popular mind, and holds it with the tenacity that death held the traditional (tdead nigger." At one time, it specially affects woman, and the result is some "queer thing" in her line, that absolutely- staggers her affini' ty, as she quaintly calls him. At anoth, er time, man feels the absorbing influence and goes dead?daft. t When the bicycle came in vogue, it will be recalled what a furore it occasioned-with iho masculine bipeds, and the girls would have taken to it too, had ' they been half as expert at riding a mule astraddle as the spouse of the fami oua Artemus Ward. But all they could J. A- ? * * ' uo was 10 iook on ana see it done. The erase of the period is base-ball, i Like a huge Anaconda it is swallowing > the publio, until, seemingly only the I caudal appendage of |he moving mass I of humanity hangs out?to show whithI or haf e gone the the caput and carcass. ...A'." % ' ,'r. - y;7 1 \'V' ' ^ :'4 The advent of the professional in oura city, haB caused an excitement that has almost blinded our people with diamond dust. Grown men have it ; students .sacred and profane affect critical criteria and the consequence is, the subtle influence is percolating the entire economy of mind and matter. No person is safe. Even the staid gentlemen, with white choker, shivers in his study, and with bated breath, roads of stops?long and short, and angles, until he finds himself almost confounded. Lycurgus comes in for a share of it. and is startled whan he hears of ubats and balls," and has unusually peculiar feelings. Noj body is safe. There is no knowine who will becomo seized with tbe epidemic, which will cease only when it has exhausted itself. When this this will be, only a super-human power can say.? Charleston Dispatch. Proposed Connection on Narrow tiaage Railroad frcm GreenTille to Augusta. [Augusta Evening News.] Greenville, March 10.?Mr. R. M. Mitchell, of AuguKta, of narrow gauge railroad fame, paid this fcity a visit last night, hiB object being conference with / Col. Hammet, president of the Greenville, Atlantic and Western Narrow Gauge, now being graded from NinetySix to Greenville. The conference with Col. Hammet waa held last night and to-day, and the subjeot considered, waa a consolidation, coalition or anion of some sort of the narrow gauge road about to be built from Augusta to New berry, and the road from Ninety-Six here. The conference was only a preliminary talk, Mr. Mitchell proposing the joining of the two roads at some point in Edgefield, but neither gentleman was prepared or empowered to enter into any compact. The proposition seemed to strike people in this locality favorably, and it .is thought will meet with a favorable consideration amongst the people of Abbeville and Laurens. It is probably'already known that there is and has been a strong probability ,of the Greenville Narrow Guage going to Augusta. Augusta as its objective point has lon8 been in high favor. A consolidation with Mr. Mitchell's road at Fruit Hill or Edgefield Courthouse, may, thoreforej be regarded as very probable if amicable terms of consolidation can be agreed upon between the directors of the two roads, and, so far as can now be seen, there is no reason why such amicable arrangements cannot be made. The proposition will be considered all along the line, and the question will be one for the directors to decide. Mr. Mitchell will go from here to Newberry to meetings to bo held in the interest of his railroad enterprise. Schoolboys on a Strike. Troy, April 12.?About half of the boys in the 11th ward school struck for shorter hours this afternoon and refused to continue their studies. They demanded only one session a day, and that > r o i 4,1 rwi iv uo irum o o ciock unui noon. 1110 boys held an opon air mans meeting, and then, procuring laths and sticks, swarmed through the neighboring streets, threatening violence to pupils who did not join. The reserve from ono of the police precincts was sent to the scune to give whatever protection was necessary. The strikers tried to induce the boys in another school to follow their example. Juvenile Revolt at Green Point, N. V. Green Point, N. April 12?About one hundred boys of all ages, pupils of the publio school No. 34, made a demand , upon Principal Moore that the usual morning and afternoon recesaes be extendedod from ftfteon to twenty minntes, v and that on Fridays the afternoon session closes half an hour earlier than at > ^ present. Their demands not being , '/J% acceeded to, the- boy* refused to re- vj a- .ft l%--_ v 'fai turn to svuwi wwr mjd wvruing recess and picketed the entrance to prevent others from entering. The trouble assumed-such threatening proportions that the principal sent for the police, and the sergeatttand several officers were sent to the school. Finally the mother of the chief, ringleader, John Archibald, arrived and succeeded in* forcing her t. son into school. After young Archibald, : had gone in the ether boy* qniettjr inarched in and no farther trouble wan . experienced.