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The Abbeville messenger. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1884-1887, April 20, 1886, Image 1

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VOL. 2. ABBEVILLE, S. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 20, 1886. NO. 33.
' ' 1 : 4i
?.? . m
The Chester, Greenwood aud Abbevill
Railroad.
\ mm in
The News and Courier Burrau,)
103 Main St., Columbia, April 13. S
Columbia is full of railroad men an
railroad talk to-night, although the in
terest of the city in the occasion of th
gathering is remote. This city was se
locted as the assembling point bccaus
of Its central position. The meetin
was one of the corporators of the Ches
ter, Greenwood and Abbeville Railroa*
. and of delegates from the various sec
tiona interested in the road. It begai
in the gentlemen's sitting-room of th
Grand Central Hotel at 8 p. m.
The following corporators were pres
ent: C. A. C. Waller, S. P. Boozer, T
F. Riley, W. II. Bailey, Greenwood
W. H.' Parker, L, W. Perrin, Hugl
Wilson, Abbeville ; W. A. Shand
Laurens; .Julius Mill, W. Iv. Uavtc
Chester.
The following delegates were als<
present: Abbeville, J. C. Miller, M. L
Bonhaia, Jr., R. R. Hemphill, T. G
Seal, John Knox, W. C. Benet, W. O
Dundns; Greenwood, B. Reynolds. G
A. Swygert, J. T. Simmons ; Cross Ilill
and Mountsville, Laurens County. Dr
K. M. Caine, Dr. J. H. Miller, M. T
Simpson, Dr. A. R. Fuller; Clinton
Laurens County, W. B. Bell, I). D. Little,
J. W. Copeland; Chester, J. L,
Glenn, W. A. Sanders, J. K. Henr}',
John B. McFadden, F. T. Morgan. Gil?*
J. Patterson, J. H. Buchanan ; NVinnsboro,
J. M. Beattv, Chas. A. Douglass,
B. M. Hughey; Union, G. C. Perrin, D.
I*. Duncan.
Col. K. M. Rucker, of Anderson, was
received as a delegate representing
property <m the Georgia route of th?
ijIMt
The meeting effected a preliminary
organization by electing L. W. 1'errin
president, and D. P. Duacan secretary.
Reports from the different delegation*
were called far. ilr. W. H. Porker, of
Abbeville, gave a sketch of the mo&M
origin of the enterprise as the Greenwood
and Abbeville Railroad. A charter
for this road failed to puss the Legislature
at the session of 1883 on account
of the lateness of its introduction. At
the session of 1885. public attention
having been drawn to the plan, its scope
was extended, and it wast charter ?d under
its present name. It would pass
through tke centre of the State and was
designed to connect Monroe, X. C., with
Athens or Atlanta, Ga. He understood
that it would place Abbeville from seventy
to ?s:htv five miles nearer Atlanta
than it was by rail at present. At an
enthusiastic meeting of the citizens of
Abbeville it was resolved to vote a
subscription of Ihree per cer.t. on the
property of the town, from $15,000 to
$18,000.
S. 1*. Boozer, of Greenwood, spoke
enthusiastically and pledged the liberal
aid of Greenwood G. A. C. Waller, ol
Greenwood, joined in the same strain
and referred ta a letter from R. Y. McAden
and -atfeers interested in building
a road southward from Roanoke, Va., to
open a syRtew in opposition to the Clyde
system, whicfe tetter gave assurance o(
co>operatioii <a the enterprise.
\T. A. Shand, of Laurens, had read
resolutions of the citizens of Clinton
pledging tint section to bear its full
skate of the burden of building the
road. Mr. Hhand said that the people ol
Cross (fill. Hunter and Jack's townships,
Laurens County, would grade the road
tkixaagh those townships twenty-five
males.
Dr. J. H. Miller and W. B. Bell
of Laurens County, and G. C. Perrin, ol
Pishdam Township, Union County
promised the aid of their sections. Col
II. P. Duncan, of Goshea Hill Township,
Union County, said that his townskip
already had $30/900 voted for i
railroad, and this road could get it bj
erosfaag the township.
Maj. -Julius Mills, of Chester, though
Chester Township would give at leas
$50,000 to the road, and that the county
. would give $20,000 to $25,000 more
Waxhaw Township, Lancaster County
he thought, would give $20,000 more
Two other townships in Lancaster, h<
tuuugiii, nuuiu gi*? flW,UUV lO UIKO 1
road to Wadesboro'. Major Mills Bui
that he had talked to Mr. John M* Hob
inson, of tho Robinson railroad systorr
and found him in hearty accord wit
the projectors of Ur? enterprise. He ha
changed his mind atraut tho injoriou
effects of the railraa4 commission upo
tho railroads of th? State, and said thi
C he intended to make a Southern connection.
Capt. Davie, of Landsford, Chester
County, pledged subscriptions from
himself and property-owning friends,
'' and promised to work hard for the road,
i- [niendant Glenn, W. A. Sanders and
e Senator Giles J. Patterson, of Chester,
?- all spoke heartily for Chester ; so did
e Editor Morgan, of the Bulletin. Mr. C.
g A. Douglass, of Winnsboro', asked the
- meeting not to fix the route until Faird
field could make a proposition to have the
> line run through Lancaster, Winnsboro',
n Newberry, Greer.wood and Abbeville,
e This offer would be made as soon as possible
and for such a road Fairfield, hav
ing no bonded debt, would give as large
'. a subscription to this enterprise as any i
: countv in the State. Mr. J. M. Beat
? ty, of Winnsboro', spoke to the same I
, effect.
, Mr. \V. C. Benet, of Abbeville, said
that two gentlemen of Cokesbury had
) said they would give $10,000, and that
. Hodges and Cokesbury townships would
. give $20,000 if the road would take that
. route. He was requested by a gentlman
. of Ninety-Six to say that if tho line
I would pass through thattotvn its. people
. would contribute to the utmost of their
. power. He esteemed it fortunate that
the Robinson system and the city of
Athens were both stretching out their
. hands for this connection and that only
, help in the middle was needed. lie
i moved that a committee of three go to
Athens, inform its peop.le of the promise
, of tho enterprise in South Carolina, the
. committee to report the result of its visit
to. the next zncetiug. Adopted. Tho
t committee appointed consists of Messrs.
W fl. Unobnv on/1 Tnltato
s Mills. I
After some discussion on side issues, '
Mr. Parker moved for a committee of E
i three to ascertain and report to the next 1
meeting the respective amounts which 1
i would probably be raised on the two
routes suggested this ovening. Agreed to. *
! Tfc<r eeanoitlee consists mi M?urt. M, *
S. Bailey, C. .A. Dodgloss and J. L. ?
Glenn. On motion of Mr. M. L. Bon
ham, J r., a meeting of the corporators
; was called, to be held immediately upon c
the adjournment of this meeting, to con- '
sider the method by which the #20,000 I
required to be subscribed anterior to *
the final organisation of the company I
should be raised. The general meeting *
(hen, at 10.15, adjourned and the corporators
met. If confidence and enthu- a
si asm count this railroad will certainly *
be built. c
The corporators at their mooting Appointed
committees for each town and c
township along the line to canvass for 1
subscriptions to the required capital *
stock of $20,000, and to ascertain and report
the terms upon which county,
township and municipal subscriptions
would be made. When .$20,000 is subscribed
and advertisement is made for
thirty days a permanent organization
will be effected. There is no doubt that
the preliminary subscription will be
made with great promptness. Although
it is not officially so stated it is certain J
that tbe corporators i.have assurances
that when the township subscriptions
are made the John M. Robinson interest '
will complete the line. Such a road 1
1 would shut off Columbia and Charleston
very much and mnkeS the projected Co- 1
1 lumbia, Newberry and Laurens Rail- '
P \ 1
roau more important than ever to both
i cities. ' n. a. o. '
I I
The Begister's Editorial. 1
l
??? (
J. There is no mistake about it, the i
meeting last night in the interest of the ]
Chester, Greenwood and Abbeville I
lload was an enthusiastic one, and !
should make our people open their
t eyes.
r Chester and Abbeville had some of i
their very best men present in numbers,
t and they were evidently intent on busit
negfl. l'aiffleld was there in regpectablc
. numbers to put in an earnest plea for the
line, and Greenwood was on hand to
claim th? maternity of the whole
scheme.
We saw on all sides, from tho North
^ Carolina line to the Savannah, the most
^ unmistakable evidence of tho disposition
and determination to got right np, horse,
t foot and dragoon, and go right over to
l'( Atlanta, as the one thing needful. We,
of course, all know that It requires somo
^ Uiing more than'talk to build railroads,
'* but these men evidently mean more than
n tfclk, a?dwe look , to s?e another
itI atHlno road struck right across the State
i
v.v.
to Atlanta.
We uiay have something moro to Ray
in this conncction, so far as Columbia'*!
interest is concerned. The Columbia,
Newberry and Laurens Road comes right
in here to keep our heads above water.
Now is the time to strike, if we ever did
strike.
Is the Negro a Failure.
On our first page will be found a'
forcible and exhaustive answer to tho
question from the pen of the Hon. W."
C. Benet, of Abbeville. Mr. Bcnet's
views, we are sure, embody those of*
vast majority of thoughtful men at the
Souih. The initiative of the discus*
sion was made by Professor White, of"
Georgia, who is of opinion that as a
laborer, the negro is a failure, and that
the great need of the South is to obtain
i better class of peasantry and more
skilled laborers. :
This question must be treated practically.
We must look at matters as
ihoy are, and not as they might have
t)een or what we would desire. The
tieg^o is here with us in the order of
Providential dispensation, and here he
ivill stay, both from necessity and from
;hoice. He could not get away if he
ivould and woulil not if h? miiIH
s a joint occupant with us of the counry,
and has no desire to give up the
nily hope of improving his condition
ind working out his destiny in contact
vith a superior raoc.,- H$r is unfortunate
ti having been brought too prominently
lefore the eyes of the nation 88 the pet.
>f philantropists, and the tool of demagogues
and in the upheaval of social
>rder following the war, elevated to
lositions of trust and responsibility, far
jeyond his abilities and his moral
itrength. That was not his fault, but
n that was his failure, and no one
mows it better than himself.
The negro as a class must be content
0 remain a laborer, whether in the
ielda or in ttat; workabopa, until-by
iducation, accumulation of property,
1 more providential habit, and the exmiple
of the white man, he can work
>ut his own elevation. Treat him kindy,
give hiin all his jufit rights and help
tiin when he wants hefp, but let him
iork out his own civilization on tho
dan he prefers and which he knows will
>e best for him.
If then, we consider him an unvoidble
fixture here, is his presence disasrouB
to the South, a hindrance to agriultural
progress ?
Those who have lived in the Southrn
States, who understand th* traits of
he negro, his docility of character, his
peculiar imitative faculties, his adaption
o the climate, his freedom from malaral
influences which are fatal to the
vhite man, will be ready to agree with
is, that there is no other race which
tan oa ta*n11 1*- ?
..... oU n?n mwu uiu jusvtt 01 a peiun*
ry as the negro. But he needa super-'
rision and direct. Ho needs the conrolling
intelligence of the white race i
o produce the best results. As a sim>le
laborer, he has no superior, but he
s unable to stand alone, he cannot plan
'or the future, nor use his labor to the
jest advantage without intelligent
lid.
What we do need, is a yeomanry of
small farmers. We want our large unprofitable
areas of land broken up into
imall farms which may be purchased
for a moderate sum. Then ownership,
home and all the advantages and comforts
of a home will attract thrifty settlers,
who with their ohurches and their
schoolhouses around them, and a personal
interest in the good order and
prosperity of thoir region, will furnish
the best population a country can
have.
rnL -4 * -
i iic present system oi leasing plant
ing lands for short periods, generally by
the year, is most disastrous to the prosperity
of the country, and stands as an
impediment in tho way of progres.
The hired hand like the hired horse,
must pay for its present use without re*
gard to future consequences. In the
hands of unthrifty lahorers, who have
no interest in its improvement, and are
mostly unable to expend anything in
improvements, it is worn to tho last
point of productive energy and becomes
worthless. But with ownership and a
home, all this is changed, and the goose
is not killed for the golden egg.
The system of small farms will also
be beneficial to the negroes, inasmuch
as they will be more scattered. Every
Southerner who know# tho negro, un[
derstands this* When thrown togethei
in large numbers and left alone they
make no progress in civilization, but
often retrograde. When scattered on
small farms, under the directing intelligence
of the white race they are in
every way more efficient. Their imitative
faculties are brought into play, they
become more intelligent, arc hotter
laborers, and are on the road of progress.
With respect to the plan of elevating
' the negro race, by intermarriage with
the whites, it is scarcely neccessary to
allude to such a chimerical absurdity.
It has been tried by the Latin races on
this continent, who seem to have neither
Yhe ability to colonize successfully, nor
repugnance to social intercourse. The
mongrel populations of Mexico and the
South American States, in which there
has been degradation on one side without
elevation on the other is a timely
warning. In our Anglo-Saxon race,
for perhaps more properly) our American
stock, race instinct even without
the enactment of penal laws, will save
us from such an evil. There will always
be crtaks and pseudo-martyrs,
who will be ready to recommcnd this
Solution but never to rest it in their
own experience. As we said in the beginning
we are compelled to treat this
question practically. It is a fact that
the negro is here, and that he means to
stay, and that his mission must be that
of a laborer. We must work out the
problem on this basis. By a train of
Civcumstanccs he has been brought
from his native land in n state of suvne.
- ? ? o
ery in large numbers and after a few
centuries or servitude, in contact with a
more civilized race (who will sny not
to his benefit?) 'he is now, with this
emergence from savagery, left free to
carry on tho work of his own progress.
All indications show that it is his choice
an? bid intention to work it out in his
own way. He wants his own schools,
his own churches, bis own benevolent,
cor operative and other organizations.
There bas been too much outside sentimentalism
too iruch petting and attempted
interference for his own good.
His race traits must be reedgnized and
allowed to have full scope. We cannot
expect him to worl' altogether in the
line of the white man's progress. Bnt
with the advantages of a superior civilization
before him, under the protection
of the laws of the country (which he
has,) restriction from crimes ag&inst so.ciety,
and snch good examples as the
white man mar offer for his cuidRnow.
r ' O 1
ho must work out his own destiny.
We hare full faith in tho Providential
designs for ultimate good. What these
purposes arc and how they will be attained,
it is not for us to know, but we
believe it will ultimately come right.?
Aiken Hecorder,
Professor Hod fee on Evolution.
[From the Memphis Appeal,]
? Princeton, N. J., March 29,1886.
Dear Sta-?I am much obliged to you
and your friend for calling my attention
to the use made of certain occasional utterances
of Drs. McCosh, Pattonand myself
on the subject of the origin of man,
and of the obviously labored attempt
made to represent us as sympathizing
with the positions occupied by the party
of advanced opinions now agitating this
question in the Southern Presbyterian
church.
While feeling strongly and thinking
definitely on the subject, we have conscientiously
avoided all reference to the
painful controversy in your church. This
was plainly the duty of every person
situated as we are. A.11 such controversies
come instantly to involve much
tnat is personal, local ana accidental, in
addition to the matters of fact or principle
with which they start; therefore
both because we were imperfectly informed,
and because it is none of our
business, we have simply held our
tongues. But the situation is altogether
changed when we find that imperfoct
reports of extemporaneous lectures, and
inferences from certain written opinions
are used^to connect our names with, and
thus render us constructively responsible
for positions and issues involved in
your controversy, with which neither oi
us have the least sympathy. The lecture
of mine quoted, in part, by the
Memphis Appeal of Sunday, March
21st, was never written, and was very
imperfectly reported. The part which
referred to evolution and its relation tc
the origin of Adam is altogether omitted
in the Memphis Appeal. If U had
been given correctly, no reader, would
V. . \ v.'
evor have questioned again on which
side 1 stand with reference to this matter.
I am alone responsible for this
letter, but I am certain that I accurately
represent the opinions of Drs.
McCosh and Patton as well as my
own.
Evolution as a working hypothesis of
scientific men lies beyond the sphore of
our criticism ; and threatens no interest
with which we are concerned. Science
has authority only because it deals with
questions capable of definite verification.
When limited definitely to her
own sphere she is not to be questioned,
and cannot be resisted. But her sphera
is correspondentlv narrow. ShA hu t#>
do with phenomena, things capable of
being determined by the senses, and
their likenesses and unlikenesses, their
co-existence and successions. All
speculation as to cans-is and final ends
belongs to the department of philosophy.
.And the current philosophy of
evolution, which hypothecates spontaneous
generation, and the genetic
evolution of all existing living beings
from the same primary germs, has as
little of the character of real science
and as little of its authority, as any
other Dhilosophical speculation which
ever transiently troubled the currents
of human thought. There is no evidence
that demands serious consideration
to prove that man was originally
generated from non-human ancestors.
It is preposterous to teach it as a fact of
science. Many intelligent men regard
it as probable on the side of physical
analogy, and of precisely that amount
of value. We think that even if specific
variation b3r descent should be proved
to have been the method followed
by God in bringing into existence the
successive orders of the lower animals,
the immense probability in the case of
in n n Innl'ino ?>?? *-? - *
...p, upuu tue pruuium in IDC
light of revelation and of the intellectual
and moral side of man, is that the
preparatory law ceased to rule in this
supremo, instance and that God's own
will and image was brought into existence
by an immediate act of God Himself.
Certainly the Scriptures, which
we devoutly be to be the very word of
God, render this very plain in what
they teach as to the production of Eve.
An evolution of the body of Adam,
since evolution signifies advanced
changes through immeasurable minute
variations, could possibly have been affected
in the male line alone. He must
have had a mother as well as a father,
and he must have had sisters and female
cousins as welK If the theory of evolution
any man holds makes room for
the Bible account of Eve, neither the
scientists, nor the philosophers, nor the
theologians will make room for him.
With the best wishes for the prosperity
of yourself and of your noble
and boloved church, and of all its
institutions, 1 remain, yours sincerely,
A. A. Hodoe.
P. S.?To say that God created the
body of Adam out of pre-existing materials
is to say precisely what the Biblo
says. But this is very different from
saying that lt?waa produced Aqa process
of natural generation from the bodies of
brute ancestors. To say thft God formed
a body as a new creation out of pre-existing
matter, and then placed a newlycreated
soul in it, is one thing. But this
is very different from saying that a brute
generated a soulless body, and then (lint
God put a soul created in His own ituu^c
in it.
Popular Cranes.
Every now and then, a craze takes
possession of the popular mind, and
holds it with the tenacity that death
held the traditional (tdead nigger." At
one time, it specially affects woman, and
the result is some "queer thing" in her
line, that absolutely- staggers her affini'
ty, as she quaintly calls him. At anoth,
er time, man feels the absorbing influence
and goes dead?daft.
t When the bicycle came in vogue,
it will be recalled what a furore it occasioned-with
iho masculine bipeds, and
the girls would have taken to it too, had
' they been half as expert at riding a
mule astraddle as the spouse of the fami
oua Artemus Ward. But all they could
J. A- ? * * '
uo was 10 iook on ana see it done.
The erase of the period is base-ball,
i Like a huge Anaconda it is swallowing
> the publio, until, seemingly only the
I caudal appendage of |he moving mass
I of humanity hangs out?to show whithI
or haf e gone the the caput and carcass.
...A'." % '
,'r. - y;7 1 \'V' ' ^ :'4
The advent of the professional in oura
city, haB caused an excitement that has
almost blinded our people with diamond
dust. Grown men have it ; students
.sacred and profane affect critical criteria
and the consequence is, the subtle influence
is percolating the entire economy
of mind and matter. No person is
safe. Even the staid gentlemen, with
white choker, shivers in his study, and
with bated breath, roads of stops?long
and short, and angles, until he finds
himself almost confounded. Lycurgus
comes in for a share of it. and is startled
whan he hears of ubats and balls," and
has unusually peculiar feelings. Noj
body is safe. There is no knowine who
will becomo seized with tbe epidemic,
which will cease only when it has exhausted
itself. When this this will be,
only a super-human power can say.?
Charleston Dispatch.
Proposed Connection on Narrow tiaage
Railroad frcm GreenTille to Augusta.
[Augusta Evening News.]
Greenville, March 10.?Mr. R. M.
Mitchell, of AuguKta, of narrow gauge
railroad fame, paid this fcity a visit last
night, hiB object being conference with /
Col. Hammet, president of the Greenville,
Atlantic and Western Narrow
Gauge, now being graded from NinetySix
to Greenville. The conference with
Col. Hammet waa held last night and
to-day, and the subjeot considered, waa
a consolidation, coalition or anion of
some sort of the narrow gauge road
about to be built from Augusta to New
berry, and the road from Ninety-Six
here. The conference was only a preliminary
talk, Mr. Mitchell proposing
the joining of the two roads at some
point in Edgefield, but neither gentleman
was prepared or empowered to enter
into any compact.
The proposition seemed to strike people
in this locality favorably, and it .is
thought will meet with a favorable consideration
amongst the people of Abbeville
and Laurens. It is probably'already
known that there is and has been
a strong probability ,of the Greenville
Narrow Guage going to Augusta. Augusta
as its objective point has lon8
been in high favor. A consolidation
with Mr. Mitchell's road at Fruit Hill or
Edgefield Courthouse, may, thoreforej
be regarded as very probable if amicable
terms of consolidation can be agreed
upon between the directors of the two
roads, and, so far as can now be seen,
there is no reason why such amicable
arrangements cannot be made. The
proposition will be considered all along
the line, and the question will be one
for the directors to decide.
Mr. Mitchell will go from here to
Newberry to meetings to bo held in the
interest of his railroad enterprise.
Schoolboys on a Strike.
Troy, April 12.?About half of the
boys in the 11th ward school struck for
shorter hours this afternoon and refused
to continue their studies. They demanded
only one session a day, and that
> r o i 4,1 rwi
iv uo irum o o ciock unui noon. 1110
boys held an opon air mans meeting,
and then, procuring laths and sticks,
swarmed through the neighboring
streets, threatening violence to pupils
who did not join. The reserve from ono
of the police precincts was sent to the
scune to give whatever protection was
necessary. The strikers tried to induce
the boys in another school to follow their
example.
Juvenile Revolt at Green Point, N. V.
Green Point, N. April 12?About
one hundred boys of all ages, pupils of
the publio school No. 34, made a demand ,
upon Principal Moore that the usual
morning and afternoon recesaes be extendedod
from ftfteon to twenty minntes, v
and that on Fridays the afternoon session
closes half an hour earlier than at > ^
present. Their demands not being , '/J%
acceeded to, the- boy* refused to re- vj
a- .ft l%--_ v 'fai
turn to svuwi wwr mjd wvruing
recess and picketed the entrance to prevent
others from entering. The trouble
assumed-such threatening proportions
that the principal sent for the police,
and the sergeatttand several officers were
sent to the school. Finally the mother
of the chief, ringleader, John Archibald,
arrived and succeeded in* forcing her
t. son into school. After young Archibald,
: had gone in the ether boy* qniettjr
inarched in and no farther trouble wan
. experienced.

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