Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 120 Weekly, Established 1SC0; Dally, Jan. 13, 1914. ANDERSON, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 5, 1914. PRICE FIVE CENTS
$5.00 PER ANNUM
Immense Army Assembling All Along Frontier
Portends a Great Batt He At Eearly Date. The
J Fighting Up to Present Time Has Been Mere
Skirmishes to Great Conflict That May Take
Place at Any Hour. ?** ;
That a great battle is impending between the Germans and th?!
British, French and Belgian aUies is the news that comes out of Lon
don. For days the opposing nations have been bringing up their j
forces, which now stretch in two long lines in Northern Belgium and j
along the French frontier.
That the advance guards are in contact is evidenced by the re
ports of serious engagements at various points, perhaps the most im
portant at Haelen Earl Kitchener, the British secretary of state for
war. has warned the British press against the publication of news,
other than official, relating to naval and military movements In
fringement of the order will mean suspension.
Italy is reported to have mobilized about 250,000 troop on the
Swiss and Austrian frontiers as a precautionary measure. AU passes
over the^Alps are strongly held. At the same time the Italian for
eign office has summoned home for conference on the war situation
its ambassadors at Paris, St. Petersburg, London and Berlin.
The government of Holland has officially given the French gov
ernment renewed assurances of neutrality and its intention to make
this neutrality respected. Sixty thousand Dutch troops are on the line
of the frontier and a large area of land has been flooded.
A number of wounded soldiers have arrived at Southampton!
from Belgium and although their nationality hasn't been made known
it is supposed they are British.
The Austrian troops have entered Russian Poland, where the
German troops also have been engaged and Russian forces have cap
tured the Austrian town of Sokal in Galicia, by assault.
The American ambassador will take over the Austrian embas
sy in London, the Austrian ambassador having departed.
London. Aug- 13.-11:45 p. m.-The .Hilo to say since lt reported the cap.
hour of the great uattle which will ture of the city pf Liege. The position
have much to do with settling the f u-, around that fortress ls yelled in
ture ?T Europe is appreciably nearer, bomothlng of mystery. Th6/-GermanB
R?pbrt? o? engagements, which, nt ave resumedUfWr attacks cr. the
when the-main armies meet, will be. torts, but how they are progressing
considered . insignificant, have boen ??.8 not been communicated to the
coming in all day, showing that the outside world,
cavalry acreens, some times acc?m-| Only a Rum r.
panled by Infantry. whoBe" duty lt is! . Brussels had a report tonight that
to find out what id going on behind, the forts had succeeded in silencing
have come into contact in Northern all the big German gune, but this ls
Btlglum near Haelen and on the given little, credence. It may be that,
French frontier near Othaln. ) for the moment, the Invaders have
Th9 meeting of these reconnoitering 3topped their onslaught, either to rest
partios in force has resulted In rather. or adopt some new means of gaining
seven, fighting, in which, according ^?oir objects.
to thc French and Belgian accounts. Lorraine, for the pTeBent, seems to
the al'ies ecored successes. l'ave bee?? left out of the flKht>?B.
Another 8*ory. vhlle Alsace, like Western France, ls
The ether side of the story ls to be The Bcene of engagemente between the
told, for Berlin remains silent, in advance guards of the main German
fact the German war office hos had? (Continued On Page Four.)
Nava) Battle Staged
Off American Coast
Jialifa. N. S., Aug. 13.-Fleeing
from the BritlBh cruiser Suffolk,
which Interrupted the Karlsruhe
coaling at asa from the North Ger
man Lloy steamer Kronprinz Wtl
hel, "ie German cruiser was intercep
ted ut night, by the Bristol southwest
of 'Bermuda and for half an hour a
long range running fight took place
In the darkness.
Conditions for-accurate gunnery!
were so vin favorable the vessels' j
broadsides didi itt lo damage Although.,
tho Bristol'?; \consorts wera at least j
100 miles' a item, the German would?
.not stand and fight, according to the!
British participants, drew away from
the Bristol and after half an boar
was out ot range, making off South'
towards San Juan where she put In
for coal some daya ago. . "
Detalla ot the action, the first sin
gle ship fight fn which British war
ships, hatre. enz<t3^d in these .water tn
a hnodred years were brought to Hal
lifax today by H. M. S. Buff ol, the J
flagship of Rear Admiral Craddock,,
commanding the j Fourth cruiser j
- squadron.. / j
"We were steaming north Thurs-]
day morning last and the crew had ,
i'?ut ?/cc?i O?uO??u tu Boners! Mtauons ?
" when from the foremast head came
the hail "enemy on the port. bow,"
said the flag captain of the Suffolk:
in an officiai statement today. |
"The,order,''"clear ihlp for action'
Ott the pert bow ll or 12 miles away
we could hear the Karlsruhe and the
Kronprinz Wilhelm. The Karlruhc '
had her boats out, coaling from tho'
North German Lloyd ship and ire hur
ried down toward hor in tho hope that
she had run so short in her hunkers
that we could catch her. ?
As Boon aa the Germane Bighted us
they took to their heels. The Karls
nche did not stop to even pick up her
boats. He men climbed aboard aa
best they could and oho hustled to
the northward while the Krouzprlnz
Eteered to the east.
Nineteen thousand yards was the
closest we got to the quarry. The
Bristol waa north of us and th? Ber
wick south to cut off the Kronzprlnz
while the Bristol took a .position to
Intercept the Karlruhe. AU afternoon
we raced after the fleeing German.
By 5 o'clock her om oe had disappear,
At 99 9o'clock that night a wireless
from the Bristol, said, enemy In sight
A few minutes later came the mes
sage we are eh gaging the enemy
.We_hsdjio fear of the resoit ii the
Germ?n~stood up to~the~Brlstol, for
we were all sure that our fellows
could whip the. Karlsruhe easily at
close quarters, but we reached on for
all we were worth.
' The Karlshruhe had the heels of
the Bristol. . For a few minutes the
German stood up and the shies fought
broadlslde to Broa?e!-?.?. After a few
minutes, however, the Karlsruhe turn
end an ran. The Bristol chased her
firing her forward sta tnchers.
it was pitch dark and the sea was
heavy. Not one .ot the German shells
landed but our chapa thing they got
spme choto aboard the Karlsruhe.
3owe vcr, in the long range fighting
ider those conditions it is pretty
difficult to do much."
Tho Suffolk, Berwick, and Bristol
cruised together for, several days but
could get no trace of the Genna** or
her consort and finally wo heard she
had put tato Porto Rico for coal.
We got a prise last Saturday morn
ing off Bermuda-the German oil
tanker Leda, which did not know war
had been declared. Wo put a prise
crew aboard and convoyed her to Ber
fr?? PRICE OF FOODSTUFFS !
IS OUT OF REASON
Unscrupulous Business Men Ad
Vance Prices Without Cause,
War No Reason
Washington. Aug. 13.-President
Wilson today set the machinery of the
Federal government in motion to de
termine whether the cost of living is
being Increased "upon the pretext of
conditions existing In Europe." He
called upon Attorney General Mc
Reyuolds to report If criminal pro
! ceedings were warranted and if any
I new laws were necessary. The Pres- 1
Ident may Bend a special message to '
Congress in the latter event.
"Certainly the country ought to ?be
defended," wrote the President to the
attorney general, "if possible against ?
men who would take advantage of the
circumstances to increase prices of
foodstuffs and the difficulties or Uv- j
Attorney General McReynoldB at
once set to work the bureau of invest- 1
gatton of the department of Justice,
( with hundreds ot agents throoghout
! the country. Agents of the depart
? munt of commerce were also started j
upon the Inquiry and Secretary Red
field conferred. with Secretary Hous
ton, of the department of agricul
I Within a few hours from the time
, the president acted three of the ex
I ecuttve departments of the govern
I ment were moving to learn the cause
! of the soaring prices of food through
. out the country. ? ,
For Persona] Gain
Some officials who believe the
greater proportion of prices Increased
have no connection Whatever with the
European war, but are the result of
manipulations, attempts, at corners,
. or Individual efforts of dealers, con
tend that the "conspiracy" section
ot the Sherman law covers the situ
ation. Attorney General McReynolds
however, will give an opinion on that
feature of the President later.
mgressmen who already have in
troduced resolution?; to Investlgato the
riso In prices t nd others who are pro
viding similar measures viewed the
action of the administration with
satisfaction. . They point out that
j while flour particularly has taken a
. great Jump in prices, wheat exports
'practically are paral y ed and millions
of Lt t Miel s are piled up in the eleva
tors or in freight cars strung across
Secretary Refleld wrote chairman
Adamson, of the House conamore
committee suggesting an appropria,
lion of $10,000 for his part of tho in
j If the present temporary stoppago
of foreign trade With the countries ls
made the basis for an attempt in this
country to put up the prices artifi
cially, said the Secretary, it ls unpa
' triotic, I may even say damnable.
For Country's Interest
The food question'was tho first into
which President Wilson plunged when
h? wont back to bis desk today after
,hts return from Rome, Gau, whore he
, buried Mrs. Wilson.
The president early today sent the
' following letter to the attorney gen
I *The rapid and unwarranted in
I crease in the price of foodstuffs tn
thl* country Upon the pretext ot the
condition's existing in Europe ts so
serious and vital a matter that I take
, the liberty ot calling your attention
1. would. be very mt'jh obliged lt
you would advise me whether there ts
under existing laws, any action which
the. department of justice could take;
either by 'way of investigation or le
gal proceedings and what Federal leg.
lslation, if any, would In your judg
ment be Justifiable and warrantable
in the clrcumstancea.
Ot Vast Importance
'I feel that this is a matter which
?re cannot let pass by without trying
to serve Ute country. Certainly the
country ought to be defended, li pos
sible, against men who would take ad
Vantage of such circumstances.*->.in
crease the price ot food abd the diffi
culties of living. .
(Signed) "Woodrow Wilson."
TO RUB IT IN"
MADE VINDICTIVE SPEECH
AT MARION MEETING
SMITH IS CHEERED
Gets Rousing Welcome From Vo
ters-Is Given Gold Head
ed Cane by Farmers
Special to Tbe Intelligencer.
Maron; Aug, 13.-The renatorlal
campaign meeting nero today was de
void of much, of that apley Interest
whlclr characterized the Dillon county
meeting yesterday. Today there wore
approximately 2.000 people In attend
ance. The meeting was held out in
the courthouse square, with a blazing
sunshine pouring down which brought
great beads of perspiration from the
speakers' brows. There wap not the
slightest semblance of disorder.
Lb D. Jennings spoke first. He had
heard of only three men who were
supporting the governor this year
who had not voted that way two years
ago. The three men were designated
ar. John P. Grace, of Charleston,
John G. Richards, candidate for gov
ernor and a newspaper editor from
entire campaign. He had come herc
W. P. Pollock asked why if lt WSB
wrong that James L. sims should not
have been appointed United States
marshal, because bo had set type on
a Republican newspaper why wap it
right he. asked that the son of thc
editor and owner of this republican
paper who., were also a law partner
with a negro swale, should be ap
pointed ? colonel on the governor's
Senator Smith got a rousing wel.
como hore today. When introduced he
was cheered, lustily, and at the conclu
sion ot his speech lie received a gold
headed ca?e from farmers, who lived
In1 the Mullins section, and who chip
ped In to parchase the walking cane.
Th? presentation was made by Col.
. John .C. Selfeifsr who said he sad
been o^alasig?ed to' say ih?t the
farmers of Marlon county believed
that the senator "had kept the
Senator Smith announced that he
might possibly have to go to Wash
ington again tonight to assist in the
j fight for Federal aid in the cotton
market demoralization. Te opposed
I tho bonded warehouse plan, He ex
plain qd what he wanted'was that the
I cotton should..be stored at home and
[the money, to be issued on this cot
ton pent to all banks, both state and
The speech of Governor Blease to
day was the mort vindictive of the
entdre campaign. He had come here
today only "to rub It in," he reiter
ated again and again. Much that he
had to say wan directed against the)
"Deasltes" as he termed them, those
who voted for the negro Deas, a can
didate for congress from this district
several years ago.
The governor also read a letter
from Jos. Li. Kel?, county chairman
of the democratic executive commit
tee'of Njwberry county, citing the
govern ?. to appear in Newberry next
Saturday to show cause why bis name
should not be stricken from the club
roll of Ward 5 tn Newberry. Governor
said that he had been a member of
this clnb for more than 20 years, and
that he had represented it in various I
The meeting tomorrow will be at
Conway, Horry county.
* THE DAY IN CONGRESS *
Washington, Aug. 13.-Senate:
Met at'll a. m.
Consideration of Secretary Bryan's >
twenty peace treaties was continued
In executive session. '
Conference managers agreed upon
amendments to the . bill to extend
American registry to foreign ships.
Agreed to conference report on cot
ton futures bill..
Ratified 18 special peace treaties
noted by Secretary Bryan.
Recessed at 5:45 p. m. to ll a. m.
Met at noon :
Debate wag resumed upon tho bl
to reg?late water powers
Representative. Humphrey intro
duced bill to authorize mail contracts
with American built ?hips to be avail
able as naval auxiliaries.
Adjourned at 6 p. m. to noon Fri
. Welcome Singing School
. Th* Welcome Singing School willi
itart August 17. All pupils are re
quested to be present and bring their i
pencil and tablet with them
John T.. Milford, Leader. J
JU M. Weiden, C. H.
War Map Showing Forts Along the
French and German Border
Thia ,iaap shows where one German army invuded Belgium lu tho vicinity ut* Liege un ita way tu ut tacit
France. Another German army passed through the independent duchy of Luxemburg, invading Frunce ueur Lons- ?
wy, and a third army endeavored to break through the French defense between Toul aud Eplnal, ( 3
The Freucb line of defense, speaking broadly, runs from Verdun to Kan cy, to Kplnal, to Belfort, to Besancon. '
Ench of these cities ls the center of a group of fortifications all facing tbe German border, lt ls because of the
8treugtb of these positions that Germany made an effort to surprise France by lnvadlug ber through the neutral |
territory of Belgium and Luxemburg. ? i
COTTON CONGRESS NEWS,
Special to The Intelligencer.
Washington, August 18?-The
cotton congress today was de*
lnged with long speaking.. All
were interested but none had
the hunch to them. Among the
speakers were Senator Hoke
Smith, Congressmen Lever and
Byrnes and Mr. Craddock? of
Lynchburg, Va. It seemed that
every' man who came had an
Oration locked up In him and
after long discussion speeches
were cot down to 15 mlnntcs
Senator J. Arthur Banks of
fered a resolution that the leg?
Islatures in all southern states
he called In extrardlnary ses*
?lon to pass the Mclaurin
warehouse hill so that the
states might store cotton tor
the farmers' until equilibrium ls
restored. This was deferred
and will be the theme for de*
bat? tomorrow- Senator Me*
Laurln was called upon and
made an earaes. ?.??...-??ion
of his plan. On motion of B.
F. Taylor the congress endors*
er Senator E. B. Smith's Idea as
Incorporated In an amendment
offered by Senator Bansdell of
Louisiana to make currency act
mee elastic and permit cotton
? In effect to become legal ten*
The Andersen delegation call
ed upon John Skelton WU
Hams as he was coming from
Ute white bonne and endeavored
to get Anderson classed with
Spartanl'Urg and Greenville In
distribution of government
SUMMON EB HOME.
Borne, August 13.-Tho foreign of*
flee today summoned home the Italian
Americans In Paris', St. Petersburg,
Loudon anft Berlin to consult with
them conee.Tlng the war situation.
Battle of Ha
(By Associated Press.)
London, August 13.-Germans en
gaged In tho battle of Haelen, ac
cording to late details to the Ex
change Telegraph company from
Brussels, numbered more than 10,-00l
comprising cavalry, artillery and a
small forco of Infantry. The Belgiat
forcen numbered about 7,000. ;
"lt is believed," says the dispatch
"that the object of the Germana war
to take a position north of the St.
Trond road at Tirlemont, from which
they could execute a turning move
ment against the Belgian army.
"Through efficient cavalry recon
naissance, the Belgian commander ob
movement of tho attacking force. To
reach Dlest the Cern?ais had to cross
the river at Haelen, and before this
place the Belgians took up their prin
cipal positions, erecting barricades,
building entrenchments and placinf
guns where they could be moat effec
"The Germans came in sight about
ll o'clock in the morning and soon
HOT TIMES IN FRANCE
Paris, August 18.-France Is swel
tering under a rest wave. Canes of
Hunstroke were reported today. Long
lines of women throughout the day
stood outside the offices where Infor
mation regarding soldiers In the field
ls giren ont. seeking to learn how the
heat was affecting their husbands or
tums, dressed In their thick uniforms
and carrying heavy war packs.
?AN OFFICERS WAR."'
Paris August 1:?.-An official com
munication l??aed tonight say it
"German prisoners who have been
questioned gave the Impression they
are broken la spirit and weak from
hunger. They seem net to have been
informed concerning tho reason for
the mobilisation and one man asked
why war had been declared. Accord
ing to German opinion "thia lu not I
people's war. but aa officers* war."
iel en Was'
the artillery on both sides came into
action. The German fie had little
effect. Tho Belgian fire was deadly,
even at a range ot 2,000 metres, and
played havoc with the German cavalry
which, notwithstanding, contlnned to
"Tho cavalry repeatedly chajrgedj
but owing to hedge's and hillocks,
could at tu ck only in small groups,
The Germans again and again hurled
themselves at the barricades only to
bo shot down by tho deadly Belgian*
: fire. 'w
I "The attack on the bridges upa?
I nlng the river wae^qually floree.
?Gcnian officers urged their men to
the attack, to meet almost certain
death from the Belgian guns. Hen and
horres fell until, when almost shat-,
tered, the order for retreat waa ?tvob
at 6 o'clock In the evening. W
"Thc German defeat was complete,
their losses amounting to more than
one thousand., i They retired tn the
greatest disorder. At nightfall they
were making their way hastily to
FLEET BOTTLE B UP.
London, August 14?-Tho Hong
Kong corespondent of the Exchange
Telegraph says li Is reported, there
that the British fleet m the far east
has corner?ff the German far eastern
squadron. . . .?.
Weight Is lent to the report, the
correspondent adds, by the fact that
shipping along the coast Is i??u?ffi
lis normal basis.
TBAPF?C RESUMEB. ^7
London, August 18c-Steamers with
passengers and provisions continua
to arrive from Scandinavian Norla
sea ports? Coastwise traffic ls I *
resumed. Two cargoes of wheat
the Plate river and providion'
ors from Bo tu roam ant. Copea!
arrived today? Among the pasa
gera from Copenhagen was Jr,
Camben, ferner French smiMtiidli?
at Berlin. ? ' " 4.