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The Anderson daily intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1914-1915, October 21, 1914, Image 6

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Improvement of the Lav/ From Vv
Popular Criticism Wa? Kcyi
WASHINGTON, Oct. 20 Improve
ment uf tho law from within i<> ?lem
the present lido ol popular erlil
dum WUH Un.- kevnote of tim l>rsi
day's Mission of th? American liar
association herc.
President Wilson in hhs mid ress <>i
welcome pleaded for the humanising
of tho law by Incorporation of mure
Justice and l<>ss citations In laural
casca. Pormcr Presiden! Taft, spoak
inic to tho Judges of 'ii.- country,
gathered for the bret time In Mm
history of tho country In formal
inciting, emphasized tho necessity
for removing delays in lit ?Kilt lon. As
sociate Justice McRcynolds, of tho
Supreme court, urged the Judges to
give more attention to public opin
At tonight's session of the bur as
sociation proper, Senator 101 iii ti Koot,
In spooking of "tho laymen's criti
cism of tho lawyer." suggested law
yers should apply tho rules of evi
dence with more regard to common
sense, and might well nvnll Mr i
EOIVOB of expert assistance.
Tho doy's program was concluded
tonight with a reception In the I'ati
Amorlcan building, nt which Chief
JitBtlco White nnd associate j ii Ft cos
of tho suprema court were hoste. Re
ports of committees nnd n pllgrinr
ntiigo to Mount Vernon will Tenture
tomorrow's program.
Before tho Judicial section, former
President Taft, In his second .speech
of tho dny, auld bo felt at home, al
though there had been an "Interven
ine purgatory" since ho hlmpolf was
a Judge, ll? told tho Judges Min*, un
iformity in decisions wat quito as
Important SH individual Justice.
Mr. Taft suggested that pVn-.nd
ence on stenographers had lcd tn
much delay in tho disposition of
cases. Ho urged that most eason In,
the courts be disposed of ut, thc end
of arguments.
Justice McRcynolds, in urglne Mm
Judges to become greater alf) run M ve
forbes In tho enforcement of tho law,
said delays In cpurtB frequently rob
bed cases of the fruits nf the decis
ion. An attorney general, the *UR.
Moo said, he ataried out with tho
idea that ho would conduct tho rov
nrnmont's business as that of a uri
vato client. Ho soon found ho was
mistaker., hp declared, and boenmo
convinced the thing to do wan to
reive tho public a ra lr idea of what
he intended to do and i Judicious no
tion of what success was being, at
tained as he proceeded. In pome
way, ho added, the Judson glv to
the noople an Iden o' what they ?ire
seeking to^accomnllsh and how they
are succeeding.
"In some sueh way we may ?urn j
the tide nf opposition tn tho Judiciary
nf tho last ten years," ho conclud
ed', "and find ourselves once morn In
trenched lp tho confidence ot the
ponnlo." . .
Tho Judicial section dismissed ?he
nert Judge? might wol] take In ">f
firence to legislation nToctlnn the
Governor Baldwin of Connoetiont,
nddressed tho Comparativo IAW Ttn
TVUI and Edmund -Wetmore of New
York, spoke to tho Patent '?metl-.- ni
"Snmn Present Aspects of the Pat
ent 1.?W."
President Wilson In hi? address
raid tho world wns now "stirred to
Itr dopths". hut that tho beat cnurno
for n natlo?i to pursue ww Ihn OIK
Intorested part. Ho ndded that thc
unsettled world conditions mad?? c
good time for freeing tno law from
tho dry consideration of cold prece
dents. ?nd injecting into lt moro of
tho viewpoint of Justlco for tho ordi
nary man.
"We stand now in n peculiar cnpe,"
tho pr?sident continued. "Our first
thought. I suppose, on lawyers la of
liuortmtloivil fnwi Wo know that
wo soo In International law, as it
wore, tho moral processes by which
law itself came Iii o existence*. I
know that ps a lawyer I have' myself
at times felt that thero was no roal
comparison between the law of a na
tion ?nd the law of cations, because
the latter lacked tho sanction that
gave the formar strength and valid
ity. And yet if you look Into the mat
ter moire closely, you wir. fud that
tho two havo tho same foundations
and that those foundations are m ?re
evident and conspicuous tn our day
than they ever have been before.
Tho bplnion of the world ia thc mis
tress Of the world ; and the process
es ot -International l?w nnd the slow
processes by which opinion work tts
"What impresses me ta the con
stant thought, that that ls th ? tribun
al nt. tho. bar of which wo all sit. I
would rall' your attenton. Incidental
ly, to;the circumstances that lt doc?
not djeeerve the ordinary rules of ovi- 1
dence, which has sometimes suggest- <
ed to mo that the ordinary rules of <
evidence had shown como slgr.3 of i
growing antique. 1
"P?vorything, rumor Included, ls I
hoare: fn this court, and the stand- <
ard ht'Judgment Is not with regard
the character of tho testimony. 1
e character of tho witness. The l
are disclosed, the purposes <
ctured thst opinion ls Anal- 1
ted which seems to be bot <
founded in law. perhaps, but)
t foundort In Integrity of |
r and ot morals. That is
s which is slowly, working
^ T unnn the world, and what we !
Phouts) bo watchful of ls not so: much i
Jealotjs; Interests, as sound principles :
KT|51dlsfntareufed coure ts always
hoi ?uy the highest course to pur- :
'ithin to Stem the Present Tide of
note of First Doy's Session.
sue, but lt ls, In the long run, tho
most [irofltablu course lu pursue, ii
you can establish your character, yon
<:an establish your ondit.
"What I want to suggest to this as
sociation ls whether we sufficiently
apply those same Picas to thc bod)
of municipal law which wo Beek t<>
administer. Tho (banging of law by
statute seems to nu' like mending a
garment with ?.. patch; whereas law
should grow by the life il.af ls In lt,
not by the life that ls outside of lt.
1 should bate to think that the law
dbl not derive its Impulse from look
ing forward rather than from look
ing backward, or rallier, tba' lt iib!
not derive its InBtruction from look
ing about and seeing what the oir
iumstanies of man actually aro and
what the impulses ol Justice neces
sarily are.
"Understand nm, gentlemen, I r.rii
not venturing In this presence to Im
peach fhn law. Hut I do wi? li to
maka this intimation, that in this
timo of world chango, lt Is worth
while looking Inside our municipal
law and seeing whether the moral
judgments of mankind arc made
square with everyoiio of the Judg
ments of law itself. For I bellvo thar
I wo ore custodians, not of commrinds,
but of a spirit. We aro custodian?; of
tho spirit of righteousness, ol" the
spirit of equal-handed Justice, of tho
spirit of hope which believes l:i thr
perfectibility of the law with tim
perfectibility of human life Itsolf.
"You can not go any laster than
you can advance the average moral
Judgments of the mas?;, and you can
go, at least, as fast as that. I have
dealt wth all sorts and conditions of
men, and I have found that the flame
of mora) judgment burned just as
bright In tho mun of humble life and
limited oxperlence as in thc schob
and the man of affairs."
(Continued From First Page.)
throo weeks. Every time tho (lennans
had boon completely obliged to aban
don tho position they returned in
force nnd pushed back the French by
weight of numbers.
The French took tho position for
thc twelfth time and held it for ten
hours. Then came a shock of the hu
man bacterlng ram and tho French
gradually gave way.
The Germans began fortifying the
place, but whilo they were engaged In
this task the earth heaved and there
was a deafening explosion. Tho ten
hours the French held tho point had
bci-n sufficient to mino every rod of
tho ground. It is estimated that three
German bntaillions wore annihilated.
Tho strength of the German posi
trons north of Roye, which facilitated
their movements toward Lille ls ex
plained hy the fact that they were oc
cupying nn unfinished canal extend
ing ns fer a? Reisel. The Germans
found In the deep, broad cutting, mag
uillo.mt entrenchments.
? Officers of the Allies say they have
noted that only about forty per cent
nf thc shells from German guas ex
plode. They say also that the prodi
gality of their fire apparently has do
?jicted i h e. u orman supply of ammuni
tion, as the Intensity of tho flro late
ly has diminished.
The French artillerymen are careful
In getting langes and waste few shells.
In an artillery duel near Arraentlors
thc Germans fired for half a day Into
thickets that had been abandoned
some time before. The French- three
inch guns finally got the range and
,wolvc shells silenced tho German bat
Appointed Secretary of Civil Ser
vice District With Headquar
ters in Atlanta.
Special to Tho Intelligencer.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 20.-Thomas
3, Shaw of Greenville county, who
ms for several years boon field agent
>f the depart meut of agriculture, wa?
oday appointed secretary of the fifth
dvll service district, comprising tT.e
States of South Carolina. Georgia,
florida, Alabama, Tennessee and
Mississippi with headquarters in At
enta. He succeeds B. R. Hare, who
?eslgned to accept a position with the
agricultural department With hcad
iuarter8 In Columbia.
Go to Support
of Larger Ship
IONDON. Oct. 21.-(4:87 a. m.)-.
British warships wore sent to coop
srate tn thc movement* against the
lennans nt Ostend and other points.
Apparently the Germans hoard of
Lhls and, according to tho Datly
Mall, Ave Gorman submariner went
mt to attack them.
A scout cruiser and division ot
British destroyers went to the sup
port of the larger shins and attacked
the submarinos Monday. In tho ac
tion twolvo torpedoes were fired by
tho submarines but none hit.
Germans Repulsed.
?1.-(2:15 n. m.)-The TelograaCs
Bluis correspondent says tho Ger
mans apparently have been repulsed
near Middle Korke. Their guns now
are near Ostend, which still is in ?
possession of the Germans, the coi
r?spondent adds.
W?t3 at
Only (?Irl In Amerton Who Jumps
{rilli Meer Hack ?nd Throws This
Bo Keen With 101 Katich Show WM
day, October 2"._ _
An Appeal for More Than a Mil
lion One Happy Eut Now
Wrecked Women and
To tho People of South Carolina:
In asking your paper to present to
ou this appeal in the namo of human
ly from the American lied Cross, I
ihall be brief and not overtax your
Thero is suffering and distress pre
ening In Europe today tho magnt
ude and depths of which never en
ered tho mind of man. The victims
low from conservative investigation
lave reached tho appaling number of
)ne Million fatherless children, and
?no hundred thousand widow?. Think
if it in tho fear of God. These an in
[ependent citizenship having had all |
he comforts and con' eniencos of life
iving iii happy honus and In charity
?.Ith all tho world.
A war for which no one ian give
. reasonable cause came upon them
Ike a thunderbolt for a clear Bky in
olving two-thirds of the nations of
ho earth.
Those prosperous psoplo living in
ho section of the war zone that has
iconio tho theatre of the most bloody
nt relic! s wnr that has ever bini, ken -
d the story of civilization, have mot
vlth reverses and berbcL-it('s thr.'.
each satanic cruelty.
Their crops have bron destroyed,
heir homes mined and burned, their
ll gone. This is no overdrawn pic
are, it is almost beyond our imagin
ion. Shcltcrlcs, clcthvKless, provis
mless, In dismay, hopeless, not
rowing where ti? turn, with no eye
a pity, and no arm to have.
My friends and fellow citizens think
f tho situation and take it in If you
an. We plead and pray that you^
carts may ho touched and your
ocket hooks opened.
Don't treat this petition with tndlf
?repce. It comes to each and evety
no of yon ns a message from above.>
Ho Hint hath this world's goods and
oeth his brother In need and shut
?th up his bowels of compassion from
Im how dwolleth the love of Qod In
Send contribution!* to tho under
lined, thoy will ho most welcome and
romptly acknowledged and handled.
In all modesty and esteem, 2 beg
?ave tn romain.
Your friend and servant,
Acting president S. C. Stato Board of
Amorctan Red Cross.
Charleston, S. C Oct 16, 1914.
Jritish Steamer Sunk
By German Submarine
LONDON, Oct. 21.-(12:45 n. m.).
, Reuter dispatch from StavOngor,
otway, says the Brill Jh etoamor
Utera, of Ijolth, waa sun ff off the
orwcglan coast today by r. German
iibmartne. The steamer's crow wan
nlored into the boats and tho valves
Ore opened.
Tho name of tho steamar G Utera
oes not appear in avallablo mari
mo registers.
rlarked Improvement
in the Situation
WASHINGTON. Oct. 20.-Marked
nprovement in the unemployed* elt
atlon in Great Britain Is Indicated
ti official reporta mado public to
ight by the British embassy. A
tatement issued at thc embassy said
..employment In municipal trades In
intoner was less than tn September,
rhlch waa "remarkable ?ince unera
loyment generally ls on the In os asia
a the approach ot wlntor."
From ii Running Horse Burk to e
Virions V II i ni ii I In u Few Minutes. To
rh Appears in Anderson on Til ii rs
Sam Landford, Negro Heavy
weight, Defeat* Gunboat Smith
in Three Rounds.
(By Associated Press.)
HORTON, Oct 20.-Ram Langford,
tho negro heavyweight of Boston,
knocked out Gunboat Smith, of Now
York, in three rounds here tonight
It waa the ure/ timo *he leading
"white hope" bf this country, who
gained a decision over Langford here
a year ago, had hoon knocked out.
Tim negro landed three solid punch
es before the first round was finish
ed and a sweeping right lelled Smith
for n count of seven; Smith was weak
when the first round ended. ,
In tho second round, Langford lead
ing a left hammered to Smith's jaw.
crushing him to thhinet Smith sprawl
ed there for nine seconds, staggering
to his feet bravely in time to ?ave him
self from being counted out
Feinting and landing with left and
right, Langford rocked Smith w'dh his
blows and floore.'. him awr**-!r.. Rc-feree
Jack McGuigan, vjf Philadelphia, had
counted four when the bell gave Smith
a reprieve. ?
Smith lasted nearly twp minutes of
the third round. Then Langford again
pointed his left menacingly and drew
Smith's guard over. Tho negro quick
ly drove his right to the white man's
Jaw and Smith sank to tho mut' where
The Japanese Lose
Many Thousand Men
. (Hy Associated Press.1)
PEKING. China, Oct. 21.-Refugees
who have como out of Taing Tau, the
fortified position Jn tfle. Gorman pos
session in Shan Tunp province, are
authority for the justement that hp va
the time they loft tho Japanese had
lost several thousand men before
Tsing Tau while the casualties of the
dormans did not amount to more than
several hundred.
Reliable information obtained In Pe
king In to tho effect that a British de
tachment sustained a number of casu
alties while crossing the land that
liad boon mined by the .Germana in
K!ao Chow.
Arrivals at the!Chinese capital from
Siberia say busstan troop trains aro
traveling westward over tho Trans
Siberian railway hourly.
An uncensored letter received hero
says the Japanese- attacked Taing Tau
an several night but invariably were
repulsed. Once, tho correspondent
says, tho Germana followed thc Jap
anese successfully for a short dis
Situation Serious.
DENVRR, COLO., Oct 20.-A re
port that li members ot tho National
3uard In "uniform and fully armed"
mitered. tho strike ?one pf thc Colo
rado coal field today was contained
a a nws3age sent to President Wil
son tonight by the policy committee
nf U?e United Mine Workers of Amer
ica, district 15. ..The belief was ex
pressed that tho militiamen "carno to
Incito trouble abd sot to rpromioto
peace." Tho message added that the
tttuotion ls serious.
Board of Btrector* Elected.
RICHMOND, VA-, Oct. 20.-Stock
Holders of the Ck?aepeake * Ohio
Railway company, in annual meeting
Itere today, re-elected the pr?tent
board of directors* Tho norn bint lon
to the board of C. E. Graham of New
Vork to succeed- Frank A. yonder
up, resigned, waa confirmed.
Trahie Besomed.
; WASHINGTON Oct 20.-Traffic
through the Panama Canal was re
sumed today after being blocked v.
week by o landslide into Celebra m
Colonel Goothah? reported tho reby
rtning tonight la a catnegram. Near
ly a doxen merchantman wer J walt
ing at each end ot the waterway and
it ls expected two days will be ro
Qttircd to put the? through.
Washington Letter. ol
O O O O O O. Ol' o
(Special t<? Thc intelligencer.)
Men in political . and journalistic
life have spent doiens of years in
Washington declare that never
within the periods of their obser
vation has there been a congres
sional campaign in which there
was si? little spirit as thc present
one, which draws to a close a
week from next Tuesday.
Usually there is a determined
contest on the part of each of the
two leading parties to capture a
majority in the house in an "off"
year. And it may be said that ..>
ually the congressional election in
an oil year indicates the way the
presidential and congressional
elections at the following general
election will go. The claims of
the rival campaign managers are
usually so sweeping, and so wild
ly published, that the public is
really left in some uncertainty un
til the returns come in. lt is true
that these claims are generally
very greatly discounted by the
public, but there is always a pos
sibility that either side may win,
so far as can be gathered before
the election.
Hut this year it is different. It
is almost unbelievable, but it is a
fact, that the Republicans are
conceding that they have no
itance of carrying the congres
sional elections this year. On the
other hand, the Democrats admit
that thev lose something like 4o
seats in the house.
Majority About 100.
This however, will leave the
Democrats with a majority of
about 100. At present their ma
jority is 145, and it is remarkable
that the Republicans are claiming
no more than 40 of these seats.
lt is true that a loss of 4o seats
by the Democrats and a corre
sponding gain by the Republicans
would place the former's majori
ty somewhat under loo, but the
opinion of thc best judges is that
'he Democrats will emerge from
the contest with at least that num
ber of seats in excess of their op-;
A few speeches are being made
by leading party men in each par
ty in the doubtful States; but both
narties are suffering, apparently
from a lack of funds. It is claim
id that the war chests are nearer
^rnntv this year than ever before,
md Democrats argue that this
fact alone is a greater blow, by
far, to the Republicans than to
the Democrats.
Gains in Senate,
Norte the less certain, appar
ently, are Democratic gains in the
senate. . lt is very likely that a
Democrat will succeed Root in
New York, and Burfon, of Ohio,
's liable to be succeeded by a De
mocrat. Gov. Baldin, of Con
necticut, is making, a strong fight
for the senatorship against
Brandeges, Republican, and is
accounted probable winner. Pen
rose, of Pennsylvania, is making
thc fight of his life. He has never
had to fight before. When sena
tors were elected by the legisla
tures, Penrose was able to boss
the situation; but this year the
people elect the senators by
rect vote, and while ?Ar. Penrose
won the nomination'easily, he ha?
been spending a great deal of .
time in Pennsylvania defending
his record in the effort to secure
re-election. . The same is true pf
Gallinger, of . New Hampshire,
who is being opposed by Con
gressman Stevens. Even Smoot,
of Utah, is by no means certain
of re-election. The Democrats
and Progressives in that State
have combined on another Mor
mon, and Smoot -is in danger of
being retired. In several of the
Middle Western . States Demo
cratic candidates foi* the senate
are likely to succeed.
There are at present 5 i_.Demo
cratic senators as aeainst 44 of
the combined Republican and Pro
eressive opposition, rt is prac
tically certain that no Democra
tic seat wilt be lost this year, and
it is conceded that af least two or
three will be gained.
-<'.;10 a. m.)-The newspaper Nord
Martlttroe says that the AUtea have
driven five thousand Germans ont of
ttruites and that the Mites are now
in possession.
THE Ford Tim?
devoted to
public in general
owners in particu]
where between iti
found something
It is publish
by the Ford W
pany, and--lifc
car-has a woi
tribution. It i
ed free each m
one* anywher
quest. TOD1
Postpone Action on
Warehouse Bill
Continued From Pago Ono.)
tho work animal nnd reducing th**
whole acreage for next year'; cotton
crop two-thirds. Several of the sen
ators consider the house hill inno
cuous, and say it really amounts to
lothing. They want some "teeth"
put in nereage r?duction, notably
Senators Carlisle and Clifton. Thc
Sullivan idea to tax production ap
licara to bo growing In favor on thfi.
scnate side.
The proposal to l??sue $2.r?.000,000
b-.nds to buy cotton wns made a spe
cial order for this afternoon's ses
sion at 4 o'clock. The special com
mittee brought In a constitutional
amendment, the effect of which WiU
be, if adopted, to do away with tho
necessity for another legislature to
ratify a bond issue if tho people
voto lt, their approving It being suf
ficient ratifcation. It I3 proposed to
have this amendment voted on in No
vember and is a further step to safe
guard the bond issue against being
declared unconstitutional'.
The total eliminators aro making
a fight on the Ecnnte side. Senator
McLaurin sent up an amendment tc
the acreage reduction bill providing
for the total elimination of cotton
planting next year, conditioned on a
number of other colton . States en
acting a similar law. TM* amend
ment has not yet beer voted on.
I Ono amendment to reduce acreage
next year 50 per cent, and raise thc
number of acros to eight to the work
animal was overwhelmingly voted
' The strong lobby which has been
th evidence sinco the beginning of
tho! session working for total oliml- I
nation 19 still extremely active. Law- !
makers are being "buttonholed"
constantly and several senators on
the floor of the senate have spoken
of the pretssure which is being
brought to bear on thom .by .the agri
cultural interests to vote for either
An Unusual
The special departir
lepe can enroll a few mo
lege invites the ladies of
to take advantage of thi
Prof. and Mrs. Geode
Miss Stranathgn
Miss Smith
Whether you contc
study of any of these sti
glad to have you visit tl
work that is being done.
DR. JAS. P. Km
rs is a magazine
the automobile
-and to Ford
iar. But some
i covers will be
of interest to
ed monthly
rlotor Corn
ie the Ford
rid-wide dis
till be mail
onth to ?ny
e, upon re
total elimination or radical rod ac
A Prosperous Fermer, Died at Hb
Home Near Belton Tuesday
BRUTON, Oct. 20.-Special : J.
Newton Cox, a prosperous farmer of
near Helton died this morning at tho
age of 62 years. Mr. Cox was con
fined to his heil about two week:;, suf
fering from heart disease. Ho is sur
vived only by his wife. Ibero being
no children. The funeral services
will be held Thursday morning, after
which the interment will take place,
possibly at the Baptist church cem
etery, as he was a fuithful member
of this church. Mr. Cox had tho es
teem of wide circle of relatives
and friends, and was a good man.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 20.-An agree
ment binding West Point and Anna
polis to play an annual Army-Navy
football game for five years and
specifying Franklin field. Philadel
phia, aa the place for this season's
contest an*- November 28 tbs date
waa fmaoupced, tonight by Secretary
Harrison, of the wnr department, and
Lieutenant Commander Needbaui
.Ton??s, of the navy. Both declared
this mailc tho playing of this year's
game a ct rtainty.
A3 agreed on the plan stipulates
that the two schools will choose 4ho
site for the games alternately, the
navy having the preference this yo'
Tho place 1? not to bo north of Now
York or. south of Washington. It '
also provides that when it is the
navy's turn ? to choose the site in
1916 everything possible shall bo
done lo pruvuio mord commodious
facilities than now aro afforded at
Franklin field._ -,
lents of Anderson Col
re pupils, and the Col
Anderson and vicinity
s opportunity.
Miss Murray
Miss Wakefield
?mplate taking up the
idles or not, we will tie
te College and see the
FARD, President

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