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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA SOON WILL 1 Would Provide thc Missii Troops 1,300 Miles L tween Greece and Ti Breaking Point Rest (By Anocisted Pr??.) LONDON. Jap. a.-Should Rumania, ! now that the Russians are on the bor der, If not actually in Transylvania, decide to join tho Allies, her anny will provide the missing link in the chain of troops 1,300 miles long; wind ins] from the Baltic to the Adriatic. Th I H battle .lino would he composed of Russians. Rumanians, Servians and Montenegrins on tho ono side, and Germans and Austro-Hungarlans on the other. . Tho Allies believe Rumania soon will take tbe plunge. Other develop ments bro expected. Relations, between Greece and Turkey. have reached the breaking point over the alleged ill treatment of Greeks in Asia Minor. It- i aly ls growing restless over Turkey's delay in giving satisfaction for the violation of. the Italian consulate at Hodeida, from which the British con sul, who sought refuge, waa forcibly removed.? Italy also,, lt ls. reported, has agreed that Servia should be granted a port j in the Adriatic. Rumania and Greece, j it Is thought, however, may delay tak ing up arma until Bulgaria, which Is anxious for a' part of Macedonia, 1B latiafled for a hostile Bulgarian On their borders would compel them to j divide their forces. While there are tro reporta of start ling battle field development?. ex tremely Important operations are pro- [ greasing in both east and west. The Germans, simultaneously with j renewal of their attacks on the left bank of tho Yiatual, are developing I SEA BELONGS TO ALL THE WORLD Asserts Dr. Demborg- Former ClAUtMMm.*- i**AMumJLm.t . i Address Before Club. (By Att?dated Pre?.) . . NEW YORK. Jan. ?,-- The ssa Ihn common property of all the world'1 and If Ita freedom Is maintained it wilt mean cessation of war, asserted Dr. bernhard Dorn burg, former German colonial secretary, lp an..address to day bef?te the Republican Club. The present struggle he declared, was tho fight ."on the one side fdr absolute do minion oj tua seyen seas and on the other for a free sea." "The English have time and again asserted," he said,.'"that Brittania must rule the waxes as a matter 'of safety. The British doctrine lead? further, of necessity, to the claim that tbs British empire begins at the three mite limit of all other territory,.- a, claim that has no foundation In the law of nations or in thc feeling of the civilised world. We mist establish a free ?sea to he plied on exclusively by the m?chant marine '?t all nations: Men of war ol any nation whatsoever must be forbid - dee upon thc,high sea?. Wh?? inst, ia done, the world as U is divided now will-come ttt a permanent peace." . Medal* Presented. NRW YORK, aa. ?.-William C. Redfield secrctaty of commerce, presented today to Captain Paul IL Kreibohm a watch and to SS officers and seamen of the Red St*?* Line steamship Kr cum land medals award ed lo them by congress for their res cue of 89 survivors of the steamship Voiturno, burned .In. mid-Atlantic on October ? and ld, ISIS. . Beuef fer War iVisoBers. SAS FRANCISCO. Jon. s.-The lin er Mongolia sailed for4 the Orient to L% day with a consignment ot relief aug-; ^^-^r-tW?s forj?atn^^ and Austrian pris . \s uni Hr Ox waT ?Sunrad itt Siberia. ?J -J7 i rrri-nivrrr>TiririTfr-|''n- ii .?-f*TYfTt*i**r- rr Governor Mm ' Every Convu r.M.i :.,?..; . . the beginning,' asid Governor Olease today Sa making public his proclama tion grahtlng partions to thc J.?00 or J ??ore convicts srho have been uarol-j . i i ^ing governor, HOI i ia aerleps! ^ 'erlnr, he qsid, turn- j .ming In j the penttcptiary. nit . chsinevues I mil?. O h* freed abc EVE RUMANIA ME THE PLUNGE ig Link in the Chain of .one-Relations Be arkey Have Reached -Italy ss Growing I a new offensive from the direction of Mlawa on the east Prussian frontier. Some German attacks on the Russian line which runs along the Bsura and Raw ka rivers and thrace southward to Opoczno, and alona the Nida to O pa to w Iee on the lower Vistula, have been particularly severe, hut ac co rd ina to the Russian report, all have been re pulsed. Thc thaw which has set in. in south ern Poland and Galicia, has converted the country Into a sea of mud and oven cleared the sno-v from the Car pathians, so that fighting In this re gion is impossible. Tho French, after a heavy bombard ment of the German positions between the Oise and the western end of the Argonne, and after suffering several repulses, have advanced their fronts j at several points, particularly east of Rheims, where their progress has been slow but steady. In eastern Ar gonne the Germans have been' advanc ing. - The French again report progress ba the vicinity of Fllrey, in the Woe vre district, which is of particular im portance, for sboult lt continue they will cut tbe road linking St. Mlhlel with Mets and may compel tho Ger mans lo evacuate St. Mlhlel, which they gained long ago at great cost. The Germans have sent reinforce ments to Alsace, where the French advance bas threatened ta cut Muel hausen from the rest of the German linc, and have occunted Bur nba up? Le-Haut. FOOT OF WATERS M IN THE TRENCHES Alance Continues Des Raas?. T?H?gy?nt?? Killed and Wounded. (Ry Associated Fm) .GENEVA, Switzerland, via Paris. Jan. 10.-(12:10 a. m.)-The struggle in Asace continues in spite of the heavy rains. There ls more, than a foot of water In the trenches. The Germans already have lost 6,000 In killed and wounded, according to re liable reports, and Belfort. the 'great French fortress, ls filled with prison ers, men mostly 40 years of age or ] more. At Basel snd belle (ll miles south east of Belfort) the firing of heavy guns ls heard night and day. The fighting around Cernay ls beer ming more, desperate daily, the Germans having constructed miles of trenches In terraces along the meadows and forests. . Steinbach has been taken and re taken six times, which accounts for tbe conflicting statements In the offi cial bulletins. It is now tn the hands of the French, according tc rc peri" here. ; The. Germans are hurrying rein forcements from Bailarla and fiaren and all ordinary railroad .traffic bas been stopped to mske way 'for tbe troops. -1_ Killed Hit Step-Mother. LITTLE ROCK. Ark., Jan. ?.-Jesse Coggins, St. Louis youth, who was' arrested here yesterday In connection wich the killing of his Bt?p-mother. Mrs. Olive Coggins, in St Louis Tues day tonight admitted that he strang led the woman tc death, according to a statement made by Sheriff William Of'Hutton. "I didn't Intend to kill Hg^JBteriff Hutton declares tho boy told him. ''bot once 1 got bold of her throat I could not let ~o until she was d-sd." unm Ulna liri III m mini ?um ?a j tauiman mi r i urn Loose it in the State ba door*7" bet?re he retires from ot Act. "1 know t have turned out more tbsn one a day for every day f have been governor." he said when Informed that his total clemency list was about 1.760. A special pardon was granted to Xv. T. Jones, the wealthy Union County farmer. Whi ?r?? paroled siter eerv a Phort part of a life sea ice, tor me murder cf bis wife, tis was necessitated by other eon* >na ?*evlag bean attached to his hesites good behavior. Tam afternoon sr? mere pardons sad tro!os were seat across to the-SSc ratary o fatale from the governor. Anderson County drew a blank in thishatch. VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA This photograph shows how, tito I great war has spread over the earth. The figure on the right 1B Omar Agha. ! leader ot the Persian Kurds, who ls I fighting with the Turks against the Russians. The young man is his brother. One of tho bloodiest fields of the war ls that hi Turkey, Just west of Persia. The Russians marched over the Caucasus Mountain* into Turkey and took several cities. They were met by Turkish armies they JUJUUUJtMJL-<JUU? ? -lHjU-U--'JU-l"HJJUU^.U'l?JL^JUU Problem o f Pi Practia PROPOSITION OF ALL ARMED GROUPS IN MEXICO PROB ABLY WILL BE SAT ISFIED PLAN WAS NOT MADE PUBLIC General Gutierrez Reports to Convention in Session at Mexico City. > (By Aiw)-iil?l Pr?-.) WASHINGTON7. Jan.' S.-An agrce ment cf 'all the armed groups" in Mexico by which "the problem * paci fication is solved." has been reported to the convention in Mexico City by General Qutterrez; according to state department advices today from Consul Stillman. Details of the plan were not mado public. General Gutierrez's Statement lo the convention was tn substance as follows: "It may bo considered that the prob lem Of pacification practically Is sol ved.- As it would be Inopportune to publish at this time the decisions re cently arrived at, I refrain from giv ing their deattls* and muet limit my self to the ??B?eic?t?i tani there have been in touch with the government oVer which .J preside, allot tho arm ed groups operating in tho country. Some of these units .nave dispatched special, commissioners.' The demands of these groups have been reduced, by them io two proposition?. These l?r?iru?iii ittiir?, inr il ic li TTIII UTJ ?iVc? pUu lielty in due time, probably witt We sa tieft ed." ?vi ?? Ttl? stete department here issued a statement declaring Outlerrcx's announcement apparently "carried with lt an intimation or thc- strengih enlsr sf ihn r*ir.tr=i conventionalist party without, the domination of any particular leader or faction." A dispatch dated yesterday from Mexico City said the convention had decided, to bold dsHy sessions. As lo thc recent Carranza decree regarding oil lands, ?he s Isle depsrt roent issued the following: "The department ls ta. receipt o? a ndegrsm dated January 8 from Vor? ]< Cms stating that on January ? sn j ex^Tuttt.y decree was Issued by Car rsnxa nrderin* development of ali oil lard? (n Mexico as well as theif oper ation to cuas* Immediately unless such development .and operation ar?? carried on with the, coneci:: of ths Constitutionalist government. it la < provided in the decree that the work i cm th?** oil lands shall remsin sus-j* vanquished. Then Enver Pasha, the loader of tho Young-Turks and war minister, who ha? been the chief ad vocate of war, lcd. hts army against the Russians A week ago reports came of a decisive victory by the Russians, with the statement that the war minister had-ttthit in disgust and returned ta ..Constantinople. The Kurds.. who h?ve been helping the Turks, have - th.- reputation of being fierce fighter**. U^JL^1-SJU-OUUI- J--?.J-uuuk-a-j.jiAJJua. .-er? ? * m im m acitwanon ally is Solved pended until there can be enacted new laws governing the matter. "!t is alleged by.Carranza that the properties have been operated to the deni nient o ft he nation and to the ex clusive benefit o Tthe owners. General Carranza states that es most ot the properties are operated by foreigners the privileges they possess ol appeal ing to their governments for protec tion gives occasion for danger of com plications o fan international char acter which would prove embarrass ing to; the government In any work v>f revising the oil laws. "It is stated that the right to des troy work undertaken after the de cree has been promulged is assumed by tho Constitutionalist government, which also claims the right to charge thu expenses thereof to the manegers or owners. Any wells sunk or brought into operation after th? Issuincc of thc decree sholl bc conr'dered nation al property. "Practically all the Mexican oil lands are In territory which Carranza still controls." Dynamite Bombs and Fuses in His Trunk J <By Aworiatrd Prf*?.) TRENTON, N J., Jap. 9,-?nalle Gabriele, a resident of Ute Italian dis. trlct, arrested . today ; by the Trenton police, who*-found about 50 dynamite bomb? and fuses in his trunk at his boarding house, was charged with at tempting to wreck Sr. Joachin's church, where an unexploded bomb was found ? last Mondsy. Cabrtele ?leaded not guilty and in defsuit of 5.000 bail was sent to Jail. . ('crotan Lea Ting Ostend. - T A.lnn^* v_ ," rt.._. L, . uvnw?>, ?nu. lu.-vtiiimit ccVi. liane are leaving Ostend because the Allies have now advaoed to within nine mfles of that town, according to a dispatch to the Amsterdam Tele graaf from ita Sluis correspondent. O OO 0??o na o o O O O O O O OOO ? o o IMopet. With He?*? Wife. a o ( ?SSJJ po)?po**V *8> o o NEW VOMK. Jan- e.-Frank- o o lin O. Wood, a young hospital o o Interne, named his own father as o a Cw-rcspcsdeai m a suit fol" d'-a o-voree from his wife brought to o o trial in the supreme court today, o t> ?t waa alleged, that tho young o o mon's father eloped with hts bride o o-on^the very nighv of tho weddiag o f? and. took her to Chicago. Young o t> Wood's mothar testified Jp* the o ti suit that sho hed found'her hutt- o o band and.her: son's wife occupy- o '???"?"".?" '-t?r^Q?nvr in Chi- o ? cago. Q i> . 0 o oo ooo o o' oooooooo ooo VIL-A GIVES HIS WORD THAT THERE WILL BE NO 'MORE TKOUBLE NACO SHALL REMAIN NEUTRAL Mexican Leader Promue* Gen. Scott That Gov, Maytorena Will Sign Agreement. (Hy Anoriutal Pn*a.) EL FASO. Tex.. Jan. 9.-General Villa today gavo Brigadier General, Scott lila word thu" he would prevent further border lighting, which eince the Madero revolution In 1011. baa !>een a menace to residents of Ameri can border towns. The Mexican leader promised he would order Governor Maytorena to sign an agreement which had been drafted by General Scott at Naco. It wonld prevent a recurrence ot the lighting there, which during the laat two months has caused the wounding and killing of more tnr.n ro persons on the American side. General HUI, commander of the Carran ea garrison defending Naco, Sonora, already baa signed the agreement. The 8,000 Villa troops passing through Juarez on their way to So nora, will be sent. Villa said, to Ouay IUB8. on the Callfornts gulf, snd not to participate in fighting along the border. The agreement u?so provides that Naco shall remain neutral territory and closed to commerce until some constitutional government is estab lished in Mexico sud recounted by the United States and until one of the contending factious in Sonora entire ly dominates the other. Nogales, held by Msytorena. ano As/ua Prieta, Btw by Hill, shall not be attacked for any Maylort>ntt's troops shall r?t;?V to Cananea or Nogales, and shall not molest the movement of tho Hill forcea from Naco to Agua prieta. . This last clouse is opposed by - the Maytorena f ction. Naco la between Nogales and Agua Prieta. General Villa la expected to return, south to direct personally the cam paign against Carraza forces in tbe cast. General Scott will return to. Washington, perhaps after a brief visit to Naco. A Villa f?rce will be detached to hold General Hill's force ?t Agua Prieta, but lt is understood not to at tack bim. General Villa ar.nounccd tonight ho. would welcomo the return, tn Mexico of all former regular army officers, many ot whom were reported in a des titute state In the United States and other countries. He also issued a statement claiming a decisive victory against Carranza troops near Saltillo. Prisoners Are Not Being III Treated (By A?*rtria<?l Pro? ) WASHINGTON./ Jan. 9.-Chandler Anderson, former/ counsellor of the state department, who recently visited Eran ';, Germany. Austria and Great Britain for the department and in spected detention camps for . intern ed nationals of hostile nations, report ed to President Wilson today that chargea that these prisoners were be fog Ul treated were unfounded. So far ss his observations went, he said, they were being given, the same treat ment as the soldiers who guard thc camps. Fifty-Seven Vessels Will Make Up Fleet (Br AjBQcteled Prwas.) WASHINGTON. Jan. ?.-Fifty-seven naval vessels will make up the fleet si?ilch will go to San Francisco by way of the Panama Canal next March, Secretary Daniels announced todav. There will be 21 battleships, beaded hy the dreadnought Wyoming, Admir al Fletcher's flagship; 13 torpedo boat destroyers, and 1$ auxiliaries. Including colliers snd supply vessels. At Chrlstobal the fleet will be joined by ?ho famous old Oregon end Dowers flagship of Manila, the Olympia. The Oregon la being fitted on tho Pacific coast for the cruise and the Olympia at Charleston. 8. C. , ? i IB i i ? ' fanadlaaft Add Sarprise. NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 0-Canadians here to attend Um celebration of tbe centenary of peace . between Oreat Britain and the United States added an unexpected feature to th? second days zerssnonle* today by placing a wreath an a statue of Gene rt. t Andrew J ack son. Hon. J. R. Boyle, minister of eda ?ration of Alberta, officiated. GERIN BATTLE DER 1NJS Engagement Takes Pla Norte With British Cn Was One of the Vet German Squad* Islas (Hy Anociatml l'icae.) BUKNOS VIRUS, Jun. P.-La Tren, sa publishes the report that aa en gagement hat? taken piare off Kio tiru mle de Nerte? Brasil? ?etween the British battle cruiser Invincible uitM the Gertitau cruiser voa Der Tann, adding that the Vue Der Tann ka*? been Hank. The German hattie cruiser Von Der Ten? wan, reported several weeks ago te have ero tute di he Atlantic. to join the ether German warships la the South Atlantic or Pacifie. Uer ar rlenl tn .thone waters never has bee? recorded. Ir^rARSC WHEAT TO DECLINE Number 2 Red Cash Sold Down to $1.36; fVfey Options Goes to $1.3?. (By Auoriatcd Prc.*?.) CHICAGO. Jan. 9.-Reports that congress might be asked to declare an embargo on foodstuff, and vague rumors that Italy might noon enter the war against Turkey and force an outlet for Russian wheat through the Dardanelles resulted In a break 1 of almost ? cents In wheat . prices here today. Nipuber t red cash sold ! dow? to tints' ? bushel and on clfnuge [tho May optron declined to Si.rtR. President Conby, o? (bc Hoard' or Trade, discussing today tho recent .-\iclden rise, said: "Those -rv 1K> nye qualified to express an opinion of wheat value* know tbe.t t? u?t v?? Ctii?o ?s* r?a?*!* Tut" the present range of prices. Thai cause Is based on the fact that Nor way. Sweden. Denmark. Holland, .France, England and Italy have been In competition as buyers In the Unit ed Stales markets during the last few months. Closing of thu Dardanelles ?ind (diminution of exports from Rus* sis has concentrated the world's de mand on the United States. Manipu lations have bail nothing to do with creating this situation, in my Judg ment." Steamer Receiving Official Attention (Ry A? ousted Pro??.) WASHINGTON. Jan. 9.-The status of the former Hamburg-Amer lean ?teamer Dacia, loading at Port Arthur. Texas, with cotton for Bremen. Ger many. ls receiving official attention here, it waa learned today, because af sn Intimation from the I ir it lah govern ment that this ship might bo regarded as subject to seizure. Tho questions involved are or great importance not only to Americans seeking to pur chase Interned German merchant ships, but also to southern cvttton In terests, now exerting every effort to find means of placing the staple la European markets. Will Pass Through C. S. NACO, Aria., Jan. 0.-'I ?io Ameri can State department has granted pur mission to General Benjamin Hill.' Carranza com?nder In Gorrera, to paas through the United ?tates oa his way to Vera Crus. Hill will depart to Glut-row under orders to report to Oencral Carrants on the killing and wounding nf persons on the,American side of the imo during the siege ot Naco, Sonora. Plan to Brmq and Manless (Hy Amx-jalsd Pms.) WASHINGTON, Jan. ?.-A national employment bureau reaching into every section of .the United States will ho pat into operation by the labor do-, p?riment next week, lt will be operat ed ?long the tines of Pres td ott Wil son's suggestion In his Indianapolis ?peech for *? systematic method of h?ifMHS ibo working men ot America.'* t'elimtnary work for the bureau has beep completed, lt was announced to day by Commissioner Cam!??tt&?dPtia Immigration bureau, ead Instructions sent to postmasters sad rural mall carriers throughout the country sad to nearly 200,000 field ageata of the ag? Mculturat department The general pian wu? outlined by Mr. Cemluettl as folio*?: Notices will be posted In al) past offices announcing that application? REPUTED SUNK ce Off Rio Grande de titer Invincible Which welt That Sank the on Off Falkland ids. Th* Von Her Tu?? IK ?J tiW UH displacement, ??S feet la length, J, fi speed of t'jt knelt. Hbe carries a < amplement et ti? ntea ba aa arab, ment ef right H inch |CM,'lii#, Inch imam ?ixteea ?i-pcasder? and teer torpedo Iahet?. The British battle cruiser Idviacl. Me h ef 17,350 toa? ahpUeeawpt aitb a complement ef WMf?Mb?Irna steat Includes eight AS.Incb fa?* sixteen t-inch mn? ?ed fear ler??4? labes, .. Th? Invincible wa? ene sf the ByHv Ixb squadron which Aaak Ike Geratf a sgeadrea off He FaU?Sad IstaSgs. ? .--.-^-" ^.T^T ^tJ-i-^A'^i. j~CS^;' PENDUUMKAS SWUNG TOO FAR The People Ara Rbfftt&tZtt* Tpo M?h Sa,. Fc<^'r>aa^ v taft ? ' ? ? ? . . * (By AwocUtw? frml * l '. BOSTON, Jan. "The peopl* dre regulating too much; the*, baa swung too far tbe .otl said former r^e*idea?^nj|T m of railroad matters at the alumbl dln uer.uf tho. Massaehuseti of Technology tonight. Mr. Taft followed Howard ;T president of tbs New and< Hartford retire the opinion Gmt ?he of the government wa? "At nrat," said Mr. Tat!, roads thought tht-y ??fe lue" Wawi thing. They violated law,, did. things they should not do, dried V? iMOS?fl ki ihiiv ? ia ute ?tta?raxs? ???*_' mereu commission during the ?early part of Ita Ufo. But they found, ss everybody else Will find, that nobody caa dofy the people en questions of iusUcc. . I agree wltb President the pendulum has swung too the people are regulating and consequently the penni* i lng themselves. We i dena if we would wt -:-! Cenveatten taJbrttfJttM. MEXICO CITY. Jan. fci-The nation al convention called to natue a provis ional president an ! program, failed to meet today. Ses sions bavo been iHiiiniikjrtai ww stalls ly. Southern delegate?, today. Thoue present represented only the ?Capeta forces. i-k-i I .os ANGELES. Jad. Loaver of bread selling at Ave and ten cents have been reduced three ounce? in weight, and utsster bakers today ah nounced that If flour -pri?es weat higher they would be compelled to in crease prices instead ot farther car. tailing weight. o oo ooo co o o do'dvoo o ooo o TURKS TO TBK FBOST o o LONDON. Jan. 10.-(4:00 a. o o m.-"The-eighth Turkish ?rmy o o corps has loft Damsons fer the o o Egyptian frontier, well armed, o o provisioned and provided with s> o o OOO camels for crossing Ute des- o o ort." csys an Arasas dispatch ts o c the Exchange Telegraph- Cesa- o o pany. The message cantinas?; o o -It ?s reported from Beirut o rf (Syria) that ell Frs?cSi pad Greek o o subjects have been taken to na- o n mascus In chalas boeSkse of sn o o effort to eacape.'* . 0 n oo ooo oo ooo ooo o o ooo Jobless Man Job Together for work or workers wiU be received by tho pos*master, who will be sup plled with forms to be SUs?> ott*a#, fo-warded to tho tabor . dsnstBtosst agent in charge of tho sons ls which thc office ls located. Tao ?mtrifenUoa brunch of the Immigration servies .will handle that part of the .work apd to lt also will go reporta of tbs agrlcults r?i ricpa ri ?nenia mn Us SeditOSS *b*f* InsoySfs sr?t- heeded. Applicants witi then be informed ef Ute nearest potst whore they cen obtain Work of the kind they seek. Commissioner Camino?! said the plan bsd been tried .ont in a small way sod the resalta had hean most s*thj factory. After the dre at Salem. Masai, last Jane, when nearly "???*.' factory operatives wert thrown out of employai st. the labor djSjMqMftah^ oeeded la duding wort for matty st them.