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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA FRENCH SUFFER HEAVY LOSSES GERMANS GAIN IMPORTANT SUCCESSES IN WESTERN THEATRE OF WAR RETAKE GROUND FROM THE ALLIES The Russians Are Actively Push ing Their Campaign in the East (By Associated Press.) LONDON, Jan. 15.-Official reports from the Russian general stan* dis close a new Russian operation which may have far reaching results. Starting on their new years, the Russian cavalry commenc ed a forward 1 movement in northern Poland on the Tight bank of the lower Vistula River and havo roached the Skrwa River, forty miles east of the German fortress of Thorn, west Prussia, driving before them a small force of German caval ry and infantry. It ls believod that 'Grand Duke Nicholas, the Russian commander-in chief, intends to use in this region an entirely new army consisting, ac cording to Petrograd dispatches, of from 800.000 to 1.000,000 men. oper ating in conjunction with an army ad vancing in East Prussia. This army would place the German troops at Mlawa in a vise and threaten the rear of the Germans in front of Warsaw. Tile latter still are attacking the Rus sian line and, according to H Berlin report, have taken a Russian vantage point northeast of tne Rawka River. Along the rest ot the eastern front nothing of importance has happened. In the west the German ?uccess Fre/K?h tte^fWuhd near SoUsons which soldiers of General Joffre, commander-in-chief of the French forces, spent n fortnight in captur ing, remains in the the contending feature, ^'though it hsm been some what offset by the reported ?ritlsh snccesB near La Baasee and the cap ture by Zouaves of Gemen trenches 'in the region of Arras. There haye been attacks, and counter attacks at other points, bnt generally it has boen the artillery which has been kep't busy. The Russians continue to harry Gie Turks, who made a stand on the bor ders Of Trans-Caucasia after their recent defeat, and claim to be cap turing many .more prisoners. The Russians also are making new dis positions in the province of Aer baljan, Persia, which the Turks have promised to evacuate as soon as tho Russians leave the province and tiic Perd?an heir presumptive reaches Tabriz. The governorship of the pro vince of Azerbaijan is an appanage of the heir presumptive. . Still Pursuing Tarks. PETROGRAD, Jan. 15.-The gener al staff ot the army in the Caucasus has transmitted an official communi cation, under date of January 13 as follows: "The fighting in the vicinity of Karu Urgan,< In Turkish Armenia, con tinues. Wo' have captured many more officers and soldiers. We sre contin uing tbevpursuit of the Turkish troops defeated at OKI, 65 miles west of Kars, in dl/ers directions. We continue successfully to force the Turks out of Transtchoruk region." German Official Statement. BERLIN, Jan. 15.-Tho German official statement, in .its refer nee to day to engagements north of Sols sons, Prance, say the- north, bank of the river Alene, to that vicinity, had been cleared of French troops, and it . lentloned six villages north and northeast of Soissons occupied by German troops. At other points French attacks were repulsed, bul near Ecurie the Ger. mans teat a trench. ' In Poland, west of the Vistula, the German attacks are described as pro gressing slowly: French Suffer Heavy Losses. BEHtlN. Jan. 16.-The German main army headquarters announces that aa a result of the three days fighting northeast of Sossone about 8, 200 pHacmera, 14 guns, ala machine gun? and some revolver guns were captured. * ? *? rhe further announcement ls made that the French suffered heavy losses, from 4,000 to 5,000 dead French sol dier? being found on the bettie field. IhnDUut PniMau. S.auut(fc. WASHINGTON^" Jan. 15*-President Wilson tonight telegraphed King Vic tor Emmanuel expressing sympathy t?t the Italian people and askfjljf?a tho United States could be of any as sistance. The president will take up tomor row the suggestion that ho Issue ? proclamation cabing upon the people ?non thc people or the United Statee to tend aid to the sniff rers. UNITED STATES ' SENDSIRN?NG SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES MAY FOLLOW GEN. CAR RANZAS THREAT TO SEIZE FOREIGN OWNED OILPLANTS The British Fleet Obtains Much of Its Fuel From the Tampico Fields in Mexico. (By AwocUt?d Presa.) WASHINGTON. Jan. 15.-The Unit ed States government has warned General Venustinno Carranza that "serious consequences may follow" his threatened confiscation of foreign owned oil plants in Tampico. This announcement was mt.de by Secretary Bryan today after a conference with Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the British ambassador, and representatives of American oil concerns. Already tho Carranza officials havo enforced a virtual embargo on the ex portation of oil by a big English com pany. Tho British ambassador, at Mr. Bryan's suggestion, sent to the Brit ish consul at Vera Cruz an urgent Dre test for General Carranza. As the British fleet obtains much of its fuel from the Tampico fields, the possibil ity of serious complications over Car ranza'c attitude is fully realized by the American government. Mr. Bryan said today that the for eign owned. oU companies "feared confiscation of their well" by Curran za and tbat today's action had been taken to forestall such action. A de cree issued by the Carranza govern ment makes it 'impossible to some foreign bil companies to operate with out ' the- consent - of^she ayaiiauso' Maw thorlti'e? and lt is said some Ameri can concerns have been forced to pay so heavy a tax that they have been compelled to abut down. The proapv.it of a battle on the out skirts Ol Ta^fc'co ls expected ????-? to develop the situation further. It Villa forces are victorious, a solution of the problem is confidently expected be cause of previous assurances by the, Villa-Gutierrez officials. The following summary of the sit uation In Tampico ts a telegram from that point dated late yesterday was made public by the state department: "'The line between Monterey and Tampico has boen cut and American colonists in Isolated districts are sending women to Tampico, which place is still anticipating an attack. The food supply ls said to be short. Many Americans have been thrown oat of work on account of thc closing down of thc petroleum companies. On account of the recent petroleum de cree and a lack of confidence in con stitutionalist money, business ls said to be demoralized. It is said that In the Tampico consular district there are at least 1.200 Americans." " Believe? Guardsmen Wilt Be Restored (By Anod&ted PnsO WASHINGTON. Jab. .16.-Adjutant General Moore, of the South Carolina militia, who discussed Blease's dis banding order, said he had been as sured by Governor-elect Manning that he would do whatever he could after his inauguration, to. restore the guardsmen to their former Status. General Moore said he believed the In cident would be satisfactorily settled. Eight Relief Vessels Crossing Atlantic . .i j (By texxbtod Preta.) ' NEW YORK. Jan. 16.~Wlth the de parture of the steamer John Hardie today from Norrolk, and of the steam er Kassala tomorrow from Baltimore, the Commission for Relief in Belgium will have eight vessels crossing the Atlantic with food to feed the Belgians tor nearly three wee. s, the commis- ; sion announced tonight. Breaks Kaderaoee Record, SAN DIEGO. Calit, Jen. 15.-Lieu tenant Byron G.. Jones, said to be the youngest aviator In thc United States anny, broke all American endurance records for continuous flight today, remaining tn the slr eight boors and 63 minutes, descending to the avia tion field only when darkness set ta. ooococoooao.ooooooob o BAHR -Wja?J?T?-. ? i . o JACKSONVILLE, FLA. e o - O o JACKSONVILLE. Fla.. Jan. 15. o o -Two masked men, armed with o o pistol*, thia afternoon forced two o o clerks of the American Trust sal o o Savings Bank Into the vault here o o and made their escape with $3.- o o OOO ia rash. o 0,0000000000 OG o o o o o o Two Young Men Quit Progressive Leadership Theodore Douglas Robinson, nephew ? of Thw^pre^J^ has, SJXi&m?iL hie place ns chairman of the Pro gressive State Committee of New York, and Francis Bird of Massa chusetts, the millionaire who ran. as candidate for governor of bis state, has stepped out from the position of i&atnnan of the New York County Committee. Mr. Robinson had held biB place tor two years. Mr. Bird has gone to Boston to be publisher of the "Ad vertiser" and the "Record," two newspapers owned by his father. . -:-ri-.-_-1 Lynching In Georgia Two Woman and Two Rf. n Hang ed One by One and Riddled With Bullets. . (By aAttocUted, Pre?.) MONTICELLO, Ga., Jan. ir?.-Four negroes,, two women and two men, were taken from the county jail here last night by a mob or . about 200 masked men, marched to a tall pin. tree In the center of a negro settle ment on the outskirts of Monticello, hanged one .by one and then riddled with bul?is. The bodies were found cary today hanging to the tra,.* The negroes were Danie Barber, his two married daughters, Eula Cherie? and Ella Charles, and his son, Jesse. Ah attack on Chitf of Police Wil liams, when he ntt-ynptcd to arrest tho negroes Wednesday night on the charge ot selling intoxicants illegal ly, led to the killings. The officer was badly clubbed and claimed Barber's ' wlf*. daughters and son beat him while Barber himself threatened lo ?shoot him. The negro's wife waa shot and badly wounded during the strug gle, v Sheriff Estell was notified of Gie. trouble and hurried to the scene, forc ing Ute negroes to submit to arrest Feeling aroused by the- incident re sulted in the mob forcing its way in to th* jail last night. The sheriff I waa overpowered, tho cell keys taken from his clothing and the 1 negroes carried away. Monticello waa quiet tonight. I The General Assembly Adjourns 'Till Monday feee**] lo Tte iutrin?6BCfr. COLUMBIA, Jan. 15.-The general assembly adjourned over for the WCCil ?iii t??S ?i???(i t? uiwi ns*iii Monday night at 8 o'clock and the senate on Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock. Representative Fact will on Monday Introduce a bill tn house alvina the Anderson city'board of health Juris diction for one-half' nillo beyond the city limita witl out any expense ic. tho citUons ot that area. The bill was prepared at the request of the chair man ot the city health ! board. ?Immlmlmmm^sllmlmmttttWl ITALY'S RECENT 'QUAKE SAID TO SURPASS ALL PREVIOUS DISASTERS TRYING ONLY TO RESCUE LIVING Voices Can BO Heard Coming From Under Ruins Imploring Assistance. (By Associated Preta.) ROME, Jan..15.-From 25.000 to 50. 000 still remains tb? uuoffictal esti mate or casualtiea in tho earthquake that rocked southern and central Italy carly "Wednesday morning. Tlie amount of dqjjnage cannot be determined from the meagre descrip tions ot the catastrophe* that have reached Rome aver bumpered Unes of communication. Such details as have come through leave no doubt that j nearly one hundred towns and vii- I luges have been utterly demolished or 1 partly wrocked ami...that thc loss of ? life was great. Thousands of persons now have lain for nearly three daVB beneath ennob led buildings throughout the eorth quake zone. Some are dead, while others still are Hying. Many have been removed from the wreckage and brought to Rome hospitals for'treat ment or aro being cared for In ibelr home towns in temporary structures presided over by physician* and nurses rushed from the capital and other cities in Italy. . . It is believed many of those caught in the wreckage were not injured, but perished from colet and hunger or were Incinerated in, fires which broke rano and Magltano-di-Marsl, where there was no WP ?er to quench Ares, i Sora and Peseln! each has 4.000 j dead, while the fatalities at Clout-1 marsl reach 3.500 and at San Benedet to 5,000. Numerous other towns re port a death toll running from two to ten thousand. In tho stricken districts t'/e peo ple are camping In the open. Troops are guarding the demolished or part- > ly demolished towns to prevent loot- ! Ug. Caste distinction' everywhere have been laid aside and members of thc nobility, senators, deputies and high officials are . working shoulder to shoulder with private soldiers and la borers in their effort to rescue the living or move the bodies of the dead. CALL M Vr\?N FOR LOVED ONES People Pouring Into Stricken Dis trict From All Italy to Search For Friends and Relatives. (By AmoeiiUA Pratt.) AVEZZANO. via Rome, Jan. 15. Anxious relatives who poured into Avcsxano today front all parts of Italy were stunned when confronted j with the mounds of masonry which represented all that is - left of the town. Many realized at once the utter uselessness of searching for the m Isl ing, bot others, moro hopeful, climbed aimlessly over the debris for honra trusting to find some landmark which would aid them in tracing loved ones. | Many were successful in locating the wrecked homes of, relatives or friends. Frantic, many threw them-1 selves upon the rutr~* and called In vam upon their lowen ones to answer i them. They appealed for help In at* I tempting to remove the stones, un-1 mindful ot their lacerated hands, cat by the Jagged 'stoncu and broken glass. Frequently searchers collapsed ; and it was necessary to remove them to improvised hospitals for treatment. (CONTINUED ON PAGE SIX.) FOUND DEAD IN COLUMBIA HOTEL Body of Georgia Traveling Man Found in Bod Yeater ?**F Spacial to TV IittaU'sKWtr. . r 1 CG?Ai??n??, Jan. 1?/-K. H. Solo- ' mons, n traveling man from Savan-. nan. Qa., was found dead in his. bed tn a local hotel today. Death ta said ) to have been due to apoplexy. Mr. Solomons was a native of Hampton County. He is survived by a wife. The remains will be taken to Savan nah tomorrow morning lor hurte!. A brother. H. L. Solomons, of Badil I ar rived this afternoon to accompany the remains back to Savannah. Teacher-Mothers Win I in New York Schools. After o fight lasting several years it bas finally been decided tn New ' York State that iL is not ill?gal for 1 Ks^??*?^ ?< cation decided lt was, and as a re- ' nj-jlt; many women wtj-e frightened 1 Into resigning from the public scboola < But a doten or more held Out Some < of them took time off on pretexts of i various kind*', but others who demand- " ed time off without subterfuge were i dismissed by the board. The women j shown in these photographs are some of the teacher-mothers who will be re- < stored to their positions In the schools with back pay. YachtBurns; Five Perish Only One of Six Aboard Escapes. Explosion of Gasoline Tank the Cause. (By Associated Pro?) BEAUFORT, N. C.. Jan. 16.-Five persons are ?cad as the result Of the destruction of tho private yacht Julia by fire In Pamltco Sound early today. The explosion of the gasoline tank was the cause. Only one ot the s?t persons aboard escaped. The accident occurred near Knglehard, N. C., and resulted in the complete destruction of the yacht The dead: J. W. Murray, Burlington. N. C. Mrs. W. E. Porch, Beaufort N. C. O...V. Dodson, Norfolk, Va.. Two crew members, names un known. Mrs. Murray,, who ls a proficient Swimmer, succeeded in reaching the shore. She said the cabin of the ves sel waa filled with gas, apparently from a leak in the gasoline tank Which exploded when a member of the pa. ty lighted a match. Relatives of the dead have gone to the acene and a search for the bodies has been ordered. The yacht sailed from Norfolk, Va., WednepJay for Beaufort, N. C., where Mr. Murray was part owner of a hotel. 'She was forty-two feet long, had a carrying capacity, of 35 per sons and waa said to be one ot the most palatial boats of her kind along tt'is portion of the coast. Se* el Wealthy Virginia. NORFOLK, Va., Jan. 16.-Gustavus P. Dodson, who lost hts life in the de struction of the yacht Julia near Eng** elhard. N. C., today/was a son of the late R. A. Dodson, of Norfolk, one of the best known and wealthiest cit izens in this section. Ho was 21 years old and was an expert swimmer. He waa a member of Ute football team Of Gie Virginia Military Institute several years age. E. Griffith Dodson left for Engel hard tonight to expedite tho search being made for his brother's body. Will Address X. f, Legtslainre WASHINGTON, Jan. ]5.-Secretary Bryan today accept?! an invitation to address thc North CaMlna legislature January SO. ? WILL NOT EXTEND ME TIME LIMIT APPLICATION FOR LOANS I MUST BE MADE BY FEB RUARY 1 DECISION OF RESERVE BOARD! lo Date Only $10,000 of Cotton Loan Fund Ha? Been Ap plied For. (Br AworiaUd Pres?.) WASHINGTON. Jan. 16.-The tod ?ral reserve board, acting as the j ?entrai committee of the $135,000.000 ?ntton loan fund, decided tonight not] 0 comply with requests recently re ceived to extend the time limit for oan application* beyond February t. Applications mailed on that day viii be the last considered. It, developed today that bona fide j ipplicatlons to the New York commit- j ec in charge of actual administration i if the fund amount only to about 510,000. This fact ls taken here lol ndlcate that probably not moro than 1 f?"v million*; of the snm subscribed wer will be applied for. In view of lila, members of the board felt that lt rvas net just tn keep all tho money of .he subscribing banks tied up for a )orlod beyond February 1.. Ii; connection with its action on the I loan fund the board'annouoed that! W. P. Cl. Hardtg, ita southern mem ber, shortly would visit each of the| muthern federal reserve banks to dis JUBB with them questions of discount | rates, eligible paper and other mat fers. He also wilt investigate and re-1 port on the cotton market end tho j probable acreage of the next crop. Although the statement docs not I ?nfrsj>?piW'h IF 11 "I'I'Y Jtn< > "11 tonight that] me of the purposes of Mr. Harding's f iris it ls to talk with southern hank ers about the transfer ot government funds to reserve banka. Wien Sec retary McAdoo drat broached this subject tn the board'nearly six weeks igo several board members questioned the policy of such transfers. Since, that time, however. Attorney I General Gregory has held that the j reserve board ls an independent co ordinate branch ot the government entirely distinct trom the tressury department. At tonight's meeting it was said no ?opposition was aroused to the plan. Mr. Harding ls expected to deter-j caine the actual needs of reserve banks ?md through them the needs of mem ber banks. He probaly will discover! whether reserve banks actually desire government funds and his report will put the board in a position to give intelligent advice in the metter. A3?CS WILSON TO PROTECT PEOPLE! Housewife's League Urges Prca-] ?dent to Embargo Shipments of Wheat Abroad. (By Associated Pres*.) WASHINGTON. Jan. 15.-A tele gram reached the Whlto House to day from Mrs. Julian Heath, of the Housewives' League, who ssld that, speaking for 800,000 American homes, ?he urged President Wilson to embar go shipments of wheat abroad that the supply might be conserved to keep prices at normal in America. Mrs. Heath's telegram ssld: "The National Housewives' League, representing 800,000 American fami lies with organisations in ovary State In the union, appeals to you. In view nf the situation regarding wheat and Hour, to take drastic measures at once to protect your people; even, If neces sary, to place an embargo on these products. "We ere facing a crisis which needs your serions consideration and action. Unless a way ts devised to protect Dor peo^s. suffering such as this country ha? rarely felt, will ensue. "Our bumper crop will avail but lit tle for the producer or consumer nn-. less Washington intervenes for their] protection." ooooooooooooooooooo ? occupt swAKOFWtnri? o a - o o (By Associated Press.) o ?_LONDON, Jan. 15-2:59 a.jn.-. o s 'rue forcea o? ike U?i?? Oj S??ln u 9 Africa hove occupied Swakop- o 5 mond. German Southwest Africa, o ?> according to the Pretoria correar o a pondent nf Renter's Telegram o ? Company. o 9 Swakopmund is a port of call at- o 9 the mouth of the Swakop River, o ? It is a trading and mission station > and ls connected by rall with > Windhoek. ooo oeooooooooooo o o BEGIN TALKING EXTRA SESSION DEMOCRATIC LEADERS ABANDON HOPE OF COM PLETING PROGRAM THE SHIP BILL IS IN DANGER Conservation and Philippine In dependence Measure Catt Net Be Passed This (Ty AuoriaUd Pr*?.) WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.-Democra tic senate leaders, beset by every parliamentary obstacle that minority senators can resort to, practically have abandoned hope of accomplish ing; any general legislation in the few remaining weeks of the sixty-third congress except appropriation bills and the government ship purchase measure. Even the ship purchase hill ts In danger of failure, in the opinion of some senators. The presa ot appro priation bills, coupled with the con certed plans of Republican leaders to tight the ship bill, ls operating to keep the latter from reaching a vote. It became known today wat some Democratic senators bad told the president the conservation and Phil llpplne Independence measures, urged In his annus) message, could not he passed at this session. They also made known to hun their apprehensions ^ re garding Gie ship purchase bill. The senate spent todays te "consid eration ot the District <? Columbia appropriation bill, the seventh day that baa been devoted to it, * while all the great supply measures, in cluding the naval and military hills, remain to be)disposed position. Prolonged certain on the rivers proprlaticn bill. The situation has revirad talk of an. extra session.. Although Democratic leaders are opposed to tb**., ti ls de clare' It may be considered necessary Bhooln tho shipping bill fall. Ono source of hope td Democrats had hate that business might be expedited in night sessions, but three efforts to hold night session? have been fruit less owing to failure to muster a quorum. PLEASED WITH WILSON'S SPEECH Gutierres Expresse? A preval of PreaSdenft*? Refer ence to Mexican Affaira. (By As*NtKt*4 Prats.) WASHINGTON, Jan. if. -r-Provto tonal President Gutierrez, ot Mexico City, has publicly expressed hi? appro val of that portion ot President Wil son's Indianapolis speen referring to Mexican affairs. The teat of an auto graph lotter by Guttleres which ap peared in the Mevico City press waa given out today by the State Depart ment as follows: "The Mexican people and my gov ernment have received with satisfac tion the opinions contained, in the speech of President Wilgee hi Indian apolis. These opinions serve aa a far-' ther proof of the purity ot his views. President Wilson's profound sympa thy for our people hoe always been ap preciated by ne. Ia all the incidente that have arisen subsequent to faa? taking charge of the administration this sympathy bas been lnveriab!*: shown. "We have always had a feeling ot gratefulness to this great American statesman for Just sttttado assumed by him in not doing anything to din der tho straggles of a people in the ef forts made by them to seeder the bonds of fanaticism ?nd ty-anny. A master's seat for the table oe the world baa been made of the great capital by Mr. Wilson. Wo treat that ?a regards us the great majority ot American people think and tee! fha same ae their president, and. there I? awaited by un an opportunity to dem onstrate to the American people Chat we shall be able to reciprocate ie a loyal manner the friendship 0?y hara given us proofs of." - , ....* f ; .',?! ? Charle? A. Smith Formally Inauiturated COLUMBIA. Jan. 16.-Charles A. Smith, former lieutenant governor? but yesterday elevated to the govern arahtp of South Carolins by the eee reslgaaUon ot Governor Cole L. se, was formally Inaugurated to faefore a Joint st salon of the gea [ assembly. Governor ?rnilk's term ot office will he brief, expiring Tues day next, at noon, whee 3Uca*rd I. Manning, vt Sootier. ?ill be inaugurat ed..