Newspaper Page Text
OF FACTS BY RUNNEY
MEDE CLUB MADE
Organization Asks For Correc
tion? of Error* Ii There Are
Any in the List.
Tho Runnymede Club lui? for Boran
time been endeavoring to find out and
list everything in which South Caro
lina haa been flrat, whether In the
world, America, or the South.
Believing that other people would
be interested in tilla research, the Hst
BO far as made ls given to the pub
The compilera may be mistaken in
acme of their statements, and they
have probably left out roany things
of Interest. In both cases they ask in
correction, and assistance of all who
know more In this kine thsn they have
been ablo to learn:
1. The first public library In Amer
ica waa established in Charleston in
2. The first free school in the
South, and possibly the first In Amer
ica was founded in Charleston In
3. The first musical societyX In
America was the St. Cecelia in Char
leston, founded In 176Z. The first eong
recital of which there ls any record
waa In Charleston tn I7b3. in which
It was stated in the advertisement
that none but English and Scotch
songs would be sung.
4. The IT1 instance of cremation
In America wns that of the body of I
Henry Laurens who left Instructional
lo his. will that such disposition
should be made of his remains.
6. South Carolina boasts a mlna
ture Declaration of Independence an
tedating that Of Mecklinburg and
Philadelphia by som? months.
On Nov. 6th, 1T74 Wllllsm Henry
Drayton presided at a meeting of the
Circuit Court in Camden, end in re
sponse to his stirring charge, the
Grand Jury o? Camden district re
turned a veritable little declaration
ot Independence. The third clause of
this remarkable document reads as
follows : "Wo present as a grievance
of the most dangerous and alarming
nnturo, tho power exercised by the
Parliament to tex, hud to make laws
to bind the American Colonisa in all
cases whatsoever. Wo concolvo such
tflfaf?t * it- I & * ?<, *
wM&&--?.\3sJ < /lui,; - t
of your children made at
Keep a record cl your Child,
it wal fa? a treasure ia old aft.
Let us know when to catt.
Green's Art Shop
On Thc Square?
you can't get
than the famous
SLOCK BLUE 6E1
Our Price Is Stilt
"Why Pay More ?
power destructive to our. birthright
as freemen, descended from Englis
ancestors, seeing such freemen cai
not be constitutionally taxed or boun
by any law without their consent, ex
pressed by ?Lemsclven, or implied b
thc representatives of their own elet
tion-a consent which the good pet
pie of this colony never have signifi?e
to be taxed or bound by laws of th
British Parliament In which the
never had any constitutional repr<
sentatlon. And whereas we rathe
choose to die freeman than to liv
slave*, bound by Jaws in th,, forma
lion of which we have nu participa
lion-so now that the body o? t ii I
district arc legclly assembled, us on
:;tnp towards tho defense of our con
stitutional right?, which aro ('.?are
to us than -our liven and fortunes, w
think it mir Indispensable, duty to th
people of till ? district, to ourselve
tlie grand Jurors for tho body of th
people, and to our posterity thu
clearly to express the sens* of th
large and populous district touchin
our constitutional rights and th
very imminent danger to which the
:iro ex po? ed from the usurped powe
of the British Parliament, taxing nm
bv law binding the Americana In al
ensca whatsoever, being resolved t
maintain our constitutional rights a
the hasard of our lives and fortune!
we do'most earnestly recommend tha
this presentment. In particular. h<
laid before our constitutional repres
entatives in General Assembly, whi
We doubt not, will do ail In thel
power to support us In our Jus
6. The first Inoculation for small
cox In the United States waa in Thar
teston in 1738.
7. The first Agriculture. Associa
tlon and Fair waa held In South Caro
lina In 1784, where the first prom
tums for livestock were offered. Th?
prise was for merino sheep.
8. The first Importation of Ango
ra gnats wan made hy Dr. Jae. B. Da
vis of Columbia in 1849. Some of then
were sold to Hon.. Wade Hampton.
9. The nr*t horse racing club form,
ed In America was the Jockey Clut
of Charleston formed In 1760. Th?
first race horses imported to Ameri
ca may have been to South Carolina,
though the evidences on thia point
aro weak. *
10. Tho fir?t manual labor school
established In America was In South
Carolina. In I860 Dr. John de la How?
of Abbeville left the bulk of his prop
erty for the establishment of an agri
cultural Behool, to accomodate twenty
four-pupils, twelve boya and twelve
girls.- The children to ?ive together as
one family, and the expenses to be
defrayed by the profits ot the estate.
ll: The drat normal school In the
South waa established In Charleston
by ah act of the General Assembly
pas-ed Dec. Slat, 1857. and was called
"Girls" HIg i and Normal school.
12. Th? first newspaper In Amcrl
-r. io bs .published by a woman was
"The Sooth .Carolina Gazette." pub
libbed tn Charleston in 1744 by Mrs.
I El Irabeth Timothy.
13. Dr. William Bulk of Charleston
Iwaa the drat native born American
to receive the degree of M. D. In 1734
he r^sduated, at Leyden a pupil of
-John Miller," who pub-1
tisued the famous Letters ot JunluR.
and removed" to Pendleton in 1786,
published tho first newspaper ia the
up-country, and the first to be estab
lished so far we*t la the United States.
16. Tho first Baptist church In tho
ISouth: waa, the old First Church of
16, rt ls usually ?claimed that the
flr^V fjre, Insurance, \company In the
United States was established in
Philadelphia in 1762.
Uut the honor of having Introduced
the practice of Insuring against Are
3 upon the western continent, belonga
9 to Charleston, S. C., where In 17s6
_ was launched "The Friendly SnMety
~ tor the Mutual Insurance of Houses
? against Fire." This society flourished
a until 1740, when it fell In the great
? conflagration that devastated the city.
17. Water power was used for card
' ing and spinning cotton in South Car
' olina as early as 1790.
18. Before the Revolutionary War
I* the Carolinas and Florida 8uppiicd
clays for the first porcelain work? in
England, and Wedgewood long con
tinued to get material for nome of his
finest productions from South Caro
lina. There were potteries established
Binear Cadden which cdused great con
cern to Wedgewood.
19. William C. WellB of Charleston
* In 1814 was the first scientist to an
nounce the present accented theory
of dew, and preceded Darwin in his
r teaching relating to the origin of
0 20. Dr. J. Marion Sims of Charles
9 ton introduced new methods of aur
p gery and Invented new surgical in
3 Btruments whichs m .Je operation
9 possible never before attempted.
\ 21. The first elaborate research
B work In organic chemistry done by
r in American was performed hy J,
J Laurence Smith of Charleston in
1 22. Dr. Norwood of South Carolina
' was the first person to call attention
1 to the medicinal value of veratum vir
* ido, now used extensively in medicine
L 23. Indigo was first grown In Amcri
3 ca and used as a dye by a young girl
of Charleston many years before thc
' Revolutionary War. The girl wa?
' Eliza Lucas, afterwards the wife ol
1 Chief Justice Plnckney and the mothei
of Charlea Cotesworth, and Thoma:
24. South Carolina was the first
state in the union, and until 1888 th*
? only one to establish phosphate in
? dustrlea from native phosphate rock
25. South Carolina was the firs!
> State in the Union to plant seatslam)
or long staple cotton. Introduced from
' the Barbadoea in 1776.
26. The Honey Peach was first
grown by Mr. Henry Lyons of Colum
bia in 1856, In 1857 they were proro
gated by Borkmana of Augusta, Gi..
27. L. Vanuxem. while a professor li
f the South Carolina College, waa ttu
drst scientist to point out the prob
able absorption of atmospheric ga se:
by the earth's crust, and consequen
secular changes of the torrential at
28. It is probable that Dr. Ellet, pro
fessor of chemistry In the South Car
olina College, jade the first gun-cot
ton manufac1 .ed in the Unltei
State?. It ls crtain that he fired tin
firat gun ever fired in.the South, ol
the University campus with cottoi
made In his laboratory.
29. In 1847 a department of agri
culture was organized in the Bout]
Carolina College, the first in tin
South.' perhaps In tho country.
SO; The first permanent course li
economics to be established In tin
South wes that crgaclzed in ?625 ?bi
President Cooper of the South Care
lina College, and continued by Pro
31. The first, national Thanksgiving
I day in America was appointed b:
H HShry Laurens af South Carolini
I when he w,aa president ot the Contin
I ental Congress upon hearing of th'
? surrender of Burgoyne.
32. Miehaux, a famous French bot
? anlst, visited Charleston In 1840 uni
? established ?there the first, bot?nico
I gr?deos In America.
I 32. South Carolina waa tho- fire
? state in America to attempt to raia
I tba. In 1850 Francis Bonynge, who ha
? lived In China and India urged hi
? fellow citizens to attempt it, believ
? lng their climate and agricultura
? conditions favorable. It wis tried, bu
Breaking Ice on River Ami
[ !?'M? ' ?. ? 1 ??>?
. . ->L~ y ?if!,. &
without much success, that waa re
served for the famous Summerville
enterprise of the present day.
34. William Gilmore Simms of
South Carolina was the first South
erner to make literature a profession
35. South Carolina is the first. Per
haps the only stat? to erect a statue
to an Indian, The Opera House turret
In Camden la surmounted by a gilded
Iron statue of "King Haiglar." In
1826 the statue, which is a master
piece of art, was executed by a
French mm, j. B. Mathieu, und placed
on the summit of the old market
house steeple, where it was removed
to Its present resting place just in
good time to~escape destruction when
the market was burned somo years
36. The first railroad in America
waa built between Charlot jon and
Augusta by "The South Carolina
Company" in 1833.
37. The Columbia Mille, of Colum
bia, Is the pioneer mill in the world
operated by electricity transmitted
from a distance.
38. South Carolina was the first,
perhaps the -only state to pass laws
nullifying Federal legislation. -*
89. South Carolina was the first
state to secede from the Union.
40. The first response to the appeal
of.the surgeon general of the Confed
erate States for fundsV came from
the Jewish women of Charleston.
41. The first "wayside hospital"
during the war between the states
was organised bj the women of Col
umbia to meet the needs of wounded
soldiers in transit on trains. Soon
every railroad junction had its way
side hospital, and the women of the
community -took tarns In nursing and
caring for' the wounded and si jk.
42. The Arft mlH Y. M. C. A. in the
world was established at Aloneghan,
I mill In Greenville.
43. The first alfalfa in thia conn
I try was raised In Sr otb Carolina.
44. Sout.h Carolina ls the Ural* ?tate
In the Unton^ which bas commemorat
ed by. a monument the virtue, cour
age and patriotism of her wo len. It
stands on tb? grounds of the State
capitol in'Columbia, and one inscrip
tion ts aa follows: "To thc South Car
olina Women of . the Confederacy.
1861-65. Reared by the men of their
ooo o o p.p o ooooooooo
DOUBLE SPRINGS o
lo o o o o o o o o o ooo o o o o
This la the? beginning of the fourth 1
month of ?oHool and 'everyone seems i
to be very much Interested lu their J
work. Wo are trylngV to make this
rear a, banner year, -
We have7! t^o new families tn nur
Ilstrict ' whlcfti gives us eleven new
pupils in school. We welcome "them
id all-others in tho district to our
Among the sick of OUT school last
/eek were Bertie Dobbins, Frank nnd
Thc. i?\ii?u ??? ibo, high school and
Intermediate department have organ
:ed base ball at recess. *
Mn Floyd Satvensor? - was a .visitor
Miss. Pensacola Branyon Spent the
eok-end wltlji Mrs. .Frank - Wrfgbt. -
Mrs: M. E. Cromer visited,yhaj
laughter, Mra. W. O. Marett*.-? Ihst
Miss Myrtle 1 Cromer spent Sunday
Igbt with her'chum, Miss Lucile
Miss Vera Crawford waa called to
avon la,. Ga., last week to th?\ bed
bide of her sister; Mrs. Pruitt, who is
Misses Claudia ' and Minnie Bell
romer visited the lattens gr??d
. Messrs. Cra^ Marett and Ross Sui
ipp to Keep .Ru . imns-Fri
? S . ?tV '. ' ' ? JL"fw>0]
0 FROM REFtGE o
o' i o
The roads through this section are
in a .;rrlble cuati it lon. We don't be
lieve we have ever seen them in such
bad, yes worse than bad, condition.
They are pretty nearly impassable in
My- Caleb Black spent last Wednes
day night with his daughter, Mrs. J.
Mr. Carlton Evatt visited his aunt
last Saturday night, Mrs. Caroline
Conley, of the Walker-McElmoyle sec
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Linderman
were in Anderson shopping last Mon
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Gillespie were
Vt.iting Mr. and Mrs. 1.. T. Craig of
Central last Saturday night.
1 Thc many friends of Mrs. Nannie
White will be sorry to leam that aha
is seriously ill at her home near this
place. She ls suffering with an* at
tack of appendicitis and - lagrippe.
When she has recovered from the la
grippe ?he hopes to be able to gq to
the Anderson hospital- where she will
undergo au operation. Her many
i friends hope for her a speedy recov
Mr. Paul Gillisple has been -on tho
Sich list tills week.
Mr. Will Norris has moved back
home again. He bas been living With
his brother-in-law, Mr. R.. W. Nelson,
since his wife's ddOth, some row weeks
ago. . . >r . . . -/
? Mr. Norris' aunt, will-oaks her homo
with him. and keep house for him for
Mr. John McAllister ia still carry
ing his walking caneV'That's right."
go for 'em. John.
We think the relief association of
Anderson (our town) ia .the grandest
and noblest work we" have heard ot
in a long time; long live its members
anti may G-od's richest blessings be
with them always.
li van were business visitors to An
derson inst week.
Mr. Edrew Cromer of Townvllle
Fpent tho week-end with his son. Mr.
J. W. Cr?mer.
Mr. und Mrs. . Ross* Sullivan' spent
Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Sul
Mr. George McMull?n and son. of
Hartwell, Ga.? were visitors of Mn M.
C. Bobbina last week.
Mr. G. W. Smith and family of Den
ver visited Mr. Charlie Smith of this
Mr. li. P. King-was in Anderson oh
business Monday. '
-IJigb School, Department.
. ; fSut herlantl-Thomas.
Miss Neille Sutherland, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Sutherland, of
West Market street, and Mr. Earle
Thomas were" married-Friday ,*>ft^r
noon by Rev. W. H: Frawrr,. rv TV,"
pastor or thc First Presbyterian!
church. "The marfiagfe/ which was s?
complete surprise tb.'the friends of.
the young couple,; was" performed at
V o'clock. -Immediately after the'
ceremony the bride* abd ^ gtbom left
Mr. Thomas' Ia secretary of the An4
1er eon Gas Company- Miss Bother
land had boen attending' the high:
Death of Child.
Ralph, the; ll months old son- of
- .. - ..- lae.
Make No Mistake
? ... , . . : ' ; .. ; ?
Clean and Dependable
Wholesome and Complete
. -? t, ? . . i ? '. -'?^i.-?".
to Every Member
of the Entire Family.
It's The Newspaper
UN I UU?\ OLIVIE,.
The ONLY Newspaper pub
lish?d in Anderson eo?rity
lich gets the FULL and
COMPLETE Associated Press
\. Dispatches; which is the
GREATEST news gathering
agency in the world today.
$5.00 A YEAR
A Tria! Stifeseript?on of Three