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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA RUSSIANS ARE HOLDING OWN BATTLING SINGLEHANDED WITH FORCES OF THREE NATIONS CHECK GERMANS IN CARPATHIANS Arc Now Defending Positions Won in East Prussia and Northern Poland. (hy A.iwciit*! Prow.) LONDON, Fob. H.-Battle 1H fol lowing battle on tho eastern from, wiiT?rT? Russia, singlehanded, is fight ing the forces ot Germany. Austria and Turkey. The Kassians have held their lines against Field Marshal von Hindenburg's army, which /attempted , last wo?k to break through to War saw, and apparently have checked the ? Austro-Germ?n offensive lu the ] Carpathians. They are now defending j positions they won lu East Prussia ( und northern Poland. Thc Germans are transferring men i and guns to the East Prussian bor der and on the right bank of the lower Vistuln, where thotr advance has brought them In tho -district of Sler pce, which the Russians occupied a short time ugo. No Change In the Carpathians. It ls .impossible to say where the next big battle will take place Crand Duke Nicholas, with whom the ini tiative remains, may either strike be twoen Tilsit and Interburg. In East Prussia, or threaten to cut l'on Hin d(!uburg> communication!; with ThorrKby a movement along Hie lower Vistula. No further chango ls noted'In the Carpathians, but the Austrian official report, which complains of tho obsta cle of snow and of tho strong pres sure of tho Jtusidans, suggests that While the Autro-Gcrman force in tho castorh' part of the rarige seems .to have been strong : enough to com pel the Russians' to' retire from Bukowina, the Russians appear, af ter Ute tierce battles ot gumley last, to hare almost complote command of the middle and western poHlmss of the mountains. Calm. Along Western front, liv ce pt for a somewhat more Ho vero engagement than UBuai in thc Argonne And another In Alsace, In which the Gormans claim to have been successful, although the French say' that they have regained the ground temporarily given up, the calm contlnucH along, tho western front. In the meantime the powers en gaged In the war aro putting their houses in order for a continuation of tho war. The German emperor has returned from the eastern front to ' Berlin to confer with his generals, including Von Molt ko, who was re tired after the first stages of the war. Another Big War Loan. Financial experts' tn Berlin are . reported to be arranging tb float an other Internal loan of 51,260,OoO,000. It lu eald that Russia also contem plates floating an internal loan ot $250,000.000.' High Cost! of Living. In England the increased cost of 1 living occupies the attention' of the K gbVernm mt . and'. while Premier As quith ha? deolined to assent to the fixing or maximum prices, steps are hoing taken to Improve the situation. The government, too,' is considering means to carry on a more stringent campaign against German trade. German Hobmartne Appear. A German submarine again has ap peared off the coast of Holland, where lt attempted to torpedo the British steamer Laertes, which, when ordered j to stop, hoisted the < Dutch, flag. A torpedo fired. by the submarine, ac cording to on.e report, passed HIOUK the steamer's side as ?ho slipped away ht fuitrSpeed and the submarine sent a sholl after her. Winthrop Will lise Cotton Uniforms (Br AtaodaMd mw.) GREENVILLE, feh^ IL- Winthrop College, the South Carolina normal school for women located , at Rock Hill, will use cotton goode for the spring uniforms et the students, ac cording to a letter receive'! k-pre ,t?~ da*-'. which announced ?bat ft local mill would be awarded the contract. Three thousand yards of pure white goods will be used. tiree* Britain'* Fina! Reply. LONDON. Feb. ll.-(6:30 p m.)* The final :eply of tb? British govern ment to the American protest against detention of , neutral cargoes was started today by the foreign office' on its, way to Washington. STEAMER DACIA FIN?LLY_SAILS GREAT BRITAIN HAS THREATENED TO SEIZE THE SHIP WILL BE TAKEN TO A PRIZE COURT State Department Officials Will Watch Her Progress Across the Atlantic. (Hy Auoclaled Tresa.) NORFOLK. Va.. Feb. IL-The American steamer Dacia lina 11/ sail ed today with her cargo of cotton for Germany, which goes via Rotterdam. Great Britain has threatened to eclzu thc ship, questioning her trans fer from German registry and she al ready has hean thc subject of diplo matic correspondence between thu United Statej and Great BrKaln. It generally is expected a British cruiser will take her somewhere before she arrives In European waters, and that Che caso will be fought out in a prise court. Will Watch Progress. WASHINGTON, Feb., ll-State de partment uliiciala will observe the progress of the Dacia across the At lantic, content, in the event of her Seizure, to have the Issue of her trans fer of regjstry come before a prize court. While the Brit lah admiralty has an nounced it would regard the Dacia as a prize, there is no question about her cargo. That, it wa*, said, would be forwarded to its destination with out expense to the owners, or pur chased by Great Britain. State department officials say they have satisfied themselves of thc gen uineness ot thc Dacia's sale, having seen the certified checks given by Ed ward M. Hrcitung, the purchaser, to the Hamburg-American _ Steamship W?MttS lUhM shtSiWad verstly on the validity of the sale, it would form tho Msis fur further ne gotiations between tho 'United Stales and Great Britain. That probably would involve the Declaration of Lon don-the International agreement gov erning prizes in naval warfare-over which questions of Interpretation have arisen since the outbreak c* hcsU.i tles. THE CARGO OF STEAMER SEIZED British Authorities Arrest Wilhel mina Which Will Go to Prize Court. (Dy Amorlat-d Prc.-*.) FALMOUTH. Feb .11.-(via London, 1:58. p. m.)-Tho cargo of the Ameri can st earner Wilhelmina was seized by British authorities here today, in accordance with the decision of the foreign office. Tho cargo ia to go to a prize court. . WASHINGTON. Feb. li.-The state department lias conclndod the Wilhelmina case must be allowed to take a normal course, which -nvolves going to a prize court, because of the Issue raised by the British contention that Germany has Justified seizure of the cargo by its decree appropriating, the home grain supply. The St. Louis commission house owning the cargo and perhaps the Wilhelmina's owners will be' repre sented by counsel before the court but the state depart .lent will content itseir at present by instructing the Amerkari ambassador at London to observe thc progress of the case care- J fully. NEW YORK. Feb. !L-Xorvin R. Lindholm, ot counrel for the Wilhel mina's carao owners, said today he had received assurances from the state department that, in the event the Engliso prize court decisions is "in the judgment of our government not supported by evidence or' warranted hy our construction of the law our government will make protest." Bridges Under Military Guard * - ?" (Jly At*ocLtt-(l PIM.) BRUDGEBURG, Ont., Feb. H. Military guarde were stationed today At tho Canadian end of the Interna t'.csal bridge here to prevent any at tempt to wreck the structure. Rail roads were notified bridge passes wilt not he respected. Employes must be Identified to avoid arrest. NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y.. Feb; ll - The Canadian ends of the two Intor national bridges between this city and Niagara Falls. Ontario, were placed ander military guard today as a pre rautto-.i. Uncle Sam's E Thlo enormous rlfte. believed to be the largest single piece of armor ever mude, ls being ..hipped by the United Slates government to protect the United Sto To Grec Stars and Stripes I Grave Concern a: American Ships Lea (fy A-umciHwl PiriuO WASHINGTON, Feb. IL-Publica tion tonight hy the state department of tho texts of notes sent yesterday to Great Britain and Germany.^ re spectively, revealed that both coun tries had been yarned In most em phatic terms against menacing tho vessels or lives of American citizens traversing the recently-proclaimed sea sones of war. Germany was advised that the Unit ed Stated "would bc constrained to hold the imperial government to u strict accountability" tor uny acts of Us naval authorities which might .-o sult in thu destruction of American vessels or the loss of American lives-, and that If "such a deplorable situa tion ?hould arhje." the Ann-. lean gov ernment would "take any steps which might be. necessary to safeguard American lives and property." To Great Britain the United State? pointed out "the measure of respon sibility" which would seem to bo im posed on the British government "for tho losa of American'vessels and lives in case of an attack by a, German nav al. iurce" if England ?asctloncd gen eral misuse of the American flag, and thereby cast doubt upon ?he valid character ot neutral ensigns. The communications were to have boon presented today by Ambassador Page at landon and by Ambassador Gerard at Berlin. They were prepar ed by Counsellor Robert Lansing and revised by President Wilson and'Sec retary Bryan after consultation with the entire cabinet. ; . Documents Create Sendai Ion. The !;rit!sh. Spanish and fir?zillan ambassadors were given coplea of-the botes as were the ministers of Swed en. Norway and Denmark. Tho doc uments created ^a sensation among diplomats generally because of what some regarded os their drastic impli cations. Now the Time to Speak. . High officials ot the American gov ernment stated informativ. . lt had been, deemed .advisable to speak In tmmlstakablo terms now rather than to await the alarming effect upon American public opinion, which' might ensue from the sinking of a vessel with scores of American oltUtenc. The nota?, officials were confident, would preiLnt thc critical possibilit?s dis cussed in them. . ? Biplomuts Fvumlne Notes. Diplomats examined with great in terest the language of the communica tions and some construed the note to Germany as a . warning that the loss of American lives by sinking even a belligerent merchant ship would be covered by the represe nut ions o? the American govern mont because of the Insistence that all merchant ?hips must be visited and searched. aud Enormous Gut\ to Protect 1 . Panama Canal. 'Ttmp photograph 1 show:*, the groat'^$-w& gun on Its I way to Watertown, -Mes., whore ll 'will ho made cea?ffnt?: shipment^to tes Serms it Britmh an >y British Vessels Wi nd Notifies Germany T in Newly Prescribed d to Serious Complicate \ passengers taken oh' before ships eau bo sunk. Thc full texts of I he notes as? made public at the ?tate department tonight follow: Not Hu sed on I,us it a nhl. In discussing the, notes today oiii c'als pointed out that the representa tions to Great Drittln were not based specliicially on the usc of thu Lusi tania of the American flag or any o Wier ship because it was not a rare ruse of war to hoist a neutral Hag when escaping capture, and vessels of both sides among the .belligerents In the present war already had made auch nae of them us had American vessels In previous wars. Thc distinction emphasised was that, aside trdm the legal-propriety, which W?s re??rv?d for future dis cussion. gOneral misuse oft A neutral flag by a belligerent was a violation of international comity und neighbor liness, liable to produce serious dan gers for the neutral. . A Moral Obligation. As for the communication with Germany, officials .said they were- ant ing , under speclGcially rccugnlzel principles of International law in pointing out the dangers to American citizens which, would follow attacks ou merchant vessels' without first as certaining the validity of the emblem Gown by the vessel. Not Exactly a Threat. Although there was no explicit re ferences in the notea to what would be the attitude of the United 3tates toward the loss of American lives if a belligerent morchantmun were sunk, it was made plain by officials' that neutrals traveling on belligerent ships had n right to expect that ene my vessels would conform to Interna tional practice of affording oppor tunity to passengers and crew of ail nationalities to be taken to a place of safety before destroying a ship so a. prize of war. .Derided ?>n Imm?diate Action. The notes had been under consid eration for several days. The admin istration's attitude waa discussed at length by President Wilson with his advisers and th? communications were not given their finishing touche? un til late yesterday. At first it ?as in tended to confine the npte to Germany merely to an Inquiry* as to what steps would he taken to verify the. charac ter of ships flying neutral flags, pointing oot the serious dangers which might ensue from mistakes in thia connection - Hut when tho Ger man foi'?I go ' office memorandum ar rived, giving what seemed to be t mature d?lib?ration? ot the o>rm Panama Canal. tho canal. It weighs 284,000 pounds. The ear on which tho Run ls carried i'bi ir weighs 192,420 pound j and no fewer than thirty-two wheel? wore nccessary^toh oldit. ^arning d Germany ???Ttti?fraTVse ?f the ll he Viewed With hal Destruction of War Zone Will ons. government on thc subed, the "Wauli ington administration decided to Is sue its -Wonning Immediately. Adlon Wa" Independent. No Joint action with other neutral governments, hus been taken or is un der contemplation. There has been intimate discussion pf the course of the American government with the ministers and umboBsadors of neu tral countries, hut in line with tra ditional American policy, no combined expression with other governments will he made. Muy Cause Lung Correspondence. " Both note>. it is believed, will open thc subect of the use of neutral flags and submarine wurfare on merchant ships to a long diplomatic correspon dence, which may furnish thc basts for International rules ou tho sub ect ut conference? at the war's end. It is on? of the subjects also which the Pan-American Union will consider in tts investigation of the rights of neutrals ns' opposed to those of belli gerents. \ Note to Germany. "February 10, 191.". "The secretary of ?tote has instruct ed American Ambassador .Oernrd at Berlin to present to the dorman gov ernment u note to tho following ef fect: " 'The government of tho United Sta.es having had its attention direct ed to the proclamation of the German admiralty Issued on the fourth ot Feb ruary that thc waters surrounding Great Britain and Ireland, including ?be whole ?;? :he Snglian Channel, are to he considered as comprised within the sent of war, that all enemy mer chant \ et -els .found In those watcra nfte- thc eighteeutb, Instant, will he oeHroyed, although lt may not al wavtt he jioH?thi? .<> en ve crews and passengers; and that neutral veisele expose themselves tc danger within this cone of war because, in view of the misuse of neutral flags said to have been ordered by the British gov ernment on the thirty-first of January and of the contingencies of maritime warfare, it may not be possible always to exempt neutral v?asela from at tacks Intended to strike enemy ships, feels lt to be Ita duty to call the at tention of the imperial German gov ernment, with sincere .respect and the most friendly sentiments but very candidly and earnestly, to the very serious possibilities of the course of action apparently contemplated under that proclamation. Consider Before Action. " The government of the Untied Sutes views' those possibilities with such grave concern that it feels lt to b? ita privilege, and indeed ita duty ~-1-1-; fcriNTWl'ED ON* PACK TH ACE.) LIEUT. GOVERNOR, UN?IESJHE TIE CASTS DECIDING VOTE ON j AMENDMENT TO DEMO CRATIC PRIMARY LAW MEASURE PASSES ? THE SENATE 2 TO 11 Bill Enacting Into Law Rules of Democratic Party Goes to the House. Ppcrikl <i? Th? IntrtlieetKiT. I COLUMBIA, Feb. IL-Lluet. Gov. ' llothca paved tho requirement for reenrollment every two year? in tho Democratic primary when he broke a tic In the Fenato tonight and cast his vote fyr the TUIOB as they stand calling tor u ney/ enrollment of voter* every two years. Senator H. D. EppB of Sumter hud | offered un amendment to the bill put ting thc Democratic rulos into law, in effect, requiring an enrollment of voters only every six years. A motion to lay this amendment on the table re sulted in H lie ly to 19 and Lieutenant Governor Bethea broke the tie by vot- I lng to table the amendment and thus saved the rules as they exist. | Tho bill enacting into law the rules of the Democratic party was then glyen third reading by a vote of ?ft to 16 and ordered Bent to the house. | Thc motion by Senator Sharpe lo strike out the enacting word was lost I'S aves to 2G nays. Those voting aye (against the bill) were: Appell, Beat tie, Black/E. Ci Epps. Goodman. Har vey, D. B. Johnson. Padgett, Patter son. Sharpe, Splgener, Wightman. J. F. Williams Total 13. Those votlhg nay (for the bill) were: Bunks Beamguard. Brice, Buck, Carlisle, Christensen, Earle, R. D. Epps. Glnn, Alan Johnstone, Ketcbln, Limey. Lee, Llde. Manning, Mullins, Nicholson. Nlckles. O'Dell, Richard son, Sherard, Hinkler.'Stuckey. Vern ?TrrWaRrar, D.vR^WtU' ats Teta?<8> . An amendmont by tcnator Stuckey prohibiting any convention from mak ing property or education qut-llflca t ions for voting in primaries was j adopted. An amendment by Senator i Laney permitting a voter to transfer ? from one club to another on a n?a- i Jorlty vote of the county e>:ec?!!ve i committee was agreed to. i ' Senator Laney proposed au amend (COSTINb'Kl) OX PACK TH KKK.) SENATOR TiLLMAN DEFENDS RECORD Replies to Criticisms by Former 3cc. of Navy Meyer in Maga zine Article; (Hy Aanocitted Tim.) WASHINGTON, Feb. IL-Senator Tillman defended in the senate today hi? record as chairman of the naval committee in reply to criticisms by former Secretary of the Navy Meyer in a magazine article/ The senator reviewed the charges 'hat he was re sponsible for "vast waste of money" in expenditures for navy yards in the south, nnd declared these charges were without foundation and "slan dered him grossly." Senator Tillman denied that he over had combined with other senators on the committee to secure large appro prlutlons for navy yards, and made a detailed defense of the usefulness of the navy yard at Charleston, 8. C. Ship Sunk Sailing The American Flag Master and Crew of Steamer Were Greeks--Vessel Not Known in Washington. BERLIN, via Foroe. Feb. 11.-^(3:10 p. m.)-A Constantinople dispatch says the Russians on February K sank the steamer Washington, sailing under the American flag. The master and crew of the. team* er were Greeks. The vessel waa regularly engaged In conveying American and other Red Cross supplies between Constantino ple and Trebixond. Her cargo bad been discharged before she was sunk. Unknown la Wanta rn gt as* WASHINGTON. Feb. lt.-The state department has received no advices concerning the reported sinking of the steamer Washington on February S by Ru-BiunH. The vessel, which was said to have been flying the American flag, is not known here. Neither is she listed In available maritime reg itter?. .' "..'.', '. '. " '. GIVEN 24 HOURS TO LEAVEMEX1GO CARRANZA CLAIMS SPANISH MINISTER DISOBEYED ORDERS THE TIME LIMIT HAS EXPIRED Supposed He Has Boarded Snip Co* Await Instructions From HU Government. fBv Awodated l>iam> WASHINGTON. Feb; H.-JOBO ('aro spanish minister to Mexico, bas boon summarily expelled (rom Mexico by General Carranza. Tonight ho vf aa believed to be on his ?ray to Vera Cruz, where the American battleship Delaware Hos In tho harbor with In struction to offer him a refuge. News that the minister had been given 24 hours from laat midnight to leave Mexico because he is alleged to have sheltered Aug-1 De Caso, a Spanish subject accused of aiding Villa, cu- io to the state department late today. After hurried conferences between Secretary Bryan and th-j-Spanish and Brazilian ambassadors here, Secre tary Daniels of the navy cabled Cap tain Rodgers o' the Delaware to Uko Minister Caro on board and await or ders. Consul Canada at Vera Crus was directed to give the minister Ievery assistance. May Result Seriously. While Carransa'e note explained to the minister that no offensive was Intended against the Spanish govern ment or people, the right of asylum to nationals of a foreign government is a long established rule, and the deportation of a diplomatic for^grant lng this right, it was suggested In diplomatic circles here tonight', night result in serious complica tone. ti. S. Mr-y Send Note. Riano, the Spauisfe ambe'jaador:-BireV would comment upvo. the iacldent. tn official circles lt was intimated that, while the American go/ernment prob ably would bold that the expulsion ot the minister was a matter between Spain and Carranca, lt. might be the subject of a rot?? frtwi Washington to- Carranza pointing out the conse quences liable to follow such actions. A-copy of Carranza 's noto to tho Spanish minister ordering him to quit Mexico reached the state department today. It follows: "The assistance which, taking ad vantage of. the character you say you have of Spanish minister, you have given to Saso hiding him in your lega tion, and saving him from the pun ishment which- he has merited, obliged me, as first chief, to Inform you that inasmuch as you have disobeyed my orders, you must leave the country within 24 hours from midnight, Feb ruary 10. No offense to the Spanish government or people la Implied by this act." The time limit allowed for the min ister's departure, from Mexico will ex pire at midnight tonight and it Is therefore supposed here that bo prob ably already has boarded a ship at Vera Crus whero he has announced that be will await further Instructions frdrn his government. It w?s not. believed here tonight that Carransa's ' action would bo fol? lowed bv thc Immediate retirement from Mexico of me remaining foreign diplomats. Though lt baa been re ported that generally they deeply re cent the treatment accorded to their colleague, lt ls hollered they will subordinate this to the urgent demand tor their presence in tho Mexican cap ital to look after the lives an?) prop ?ny of their nations during the pres ent crisis. lt was recalled by state depsrtment ifficlalu that General Castro, when (resident of Venezuela, similarly ex pelled the French minister ?rom tba .ountry. without affecting hts formai relations with the other diplomatic repftjveuiaitves, though tba ill feeling hereby engendered undoubtedly pre .lpltated the downfall of the ruler. Angl De Caso ts very well known n Washington. He bas persons!!' .unsuited willi officials here regarding .onditions in Mexico, upon which-die' vas regarded aa an authority. It is mown that he haa been acting aa. onfldential agent for thc SpasUu ninlster in hts communications with leneial Villa, so that his relations orrespond to those existing between, leorge B. Cerothers and the state de wrtment here. Secretary Daniels tonight instruct? d the commander of the battleship tinware, now in Vera Cruz harbor, o take the Spanish minister aboard tis vessel. Secretary Brayan cabled to Consul 'a?ada at Vera Cruz tonight to rap er all aid possible to the Soonish a In Uter. Mtr. Bryan declined to.com aent on the incident. It waa unders tood tn official circles, however, that he matter was regarded aa oat to be ettled between Spain and 'tfcgX^H ansa government. The United States, t was said, had employed every means t lu disposal to prevent friction be wden the diplomatic cor pu at Mexico Tty and ike Constitutionalist officer*.