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; THE PICKENS SENTIN
E-tered Ap, e03 8. 0. as second e Ias I m atter, under act OfSongrems of March 8, 1879 41st Year PICKENS. S. C., SEPTEMBER 28 1911. " STATE NEWS. YIppenings in South Carolinp of Inter est to the People. Splendid Plant for New Asylum A Newberry special to the Greenville News says; In the light both, of the size and cost of the undertaking, and Qf its importance, irrespect ive of cost, the State Hospital commission has in charge one 'i-of 43J most important under takings in which South Carolina is now engaged. Upon his re turn froih a recent meeting of the commission in Columbia, Secretary E. H. Aull was asked for a statement as to what had been done by the new commission. Secretary Aull said: "The State Hospital commis sion created by act of the legis lature for the purpose of devel oping an entirely new plant and with the view of eventually moving the entire Hospital for the Insane to the new location has been moving slowly with its work, and has not given out for publication very much that has been done. I feel that the people of the state are entitled to know what is being done by the commission. As I conceive it, it is one of the most import ant works that is beig under taken in the state of South.y olina at this time. "The commission was estab -elshed at (he session of the legis ( laXXmin 1910 ,and d 4propri ation of $100,000 ias made. Of this appropriation, the comniis sion, during 1910, spent in round numbers $53,000 in the purchase of liand, acquiring about 1800 to 2000 acres on the Southern Rai way, beginning at a point six *niles from Columbia and ex-, tending along the railway about six miles. It is an ideal site for an institution of this character, and I do not believe a better or more suitable location could have been found in South Car olina. At the session of the legisla ture in 1911. -the commission was continued, and an addi tional appropriation of $200,000 was made for the pur)ose of erecting buildings and other *wise developing the plant. Tlhe new commission has found it ecessary to purchase additional lands and ab'out $8,000 has been exnenided for that purpose. "'One of the first problems to confront the commission was to secure an adequate su1pply of water. TIher~e are several streams on the place, and Crane creek, a much larger' stream, is veryv near' to the lands of the state, but the conmmission wvas of the opinion that if water could be secured by sinking a deep) woll. it would furnish a much purer supply and in the end be more economical. One of the first acts of the new com mission wvas to Icontract for the sinking of the deep wvell. There has been considerable delay and some trouble in the sinking of the well, but the contractor now claims that at a dlepth of :350 feet he has an abundant supply of good, pure water. The supply will b~e tested duri ing the present week. ''As to the plan of the build ings, the commission yisited a number of modern institutions! in the North and East that are constructed on the general plan upon which It is proposed to construct the present hospital. ..The. colony plan is the one gen a dotd, the prison idea gan exploded one for the care of the insane. It is desired to lay out a plan that will in clude a colony for the tubercular tpatients, a colony for the pella gra patients, a farm colony and a colony for the acute, and a colony for the idiotic and imbe cile. Having a large acreage of land, this will be 'accomplished without trouble and without crowding of course. It will take a number of men, and build with 'day labor rather than let the buildings by contract. With that in view, P. J. 0. Smith, an experienced contractor, has been employed as superintendent of onstruction. "At a meeting last week, it was decided to purchase brick, lime and cement and also to make arrangements with the Southern Railway to run a per manent sidetrack in the prop erty. A number of bids and samples were offered of various material, and the contract for the brick was let to the Granite Brick company, of Colunbia. of which Mr. Hyatt is president. The commission visited the I)lant and inspected the bricl5, and I am satisfied a very advan tageous trade for the state has been made. In fact, I had no idea that such a complete and Lp-to-date brick plant had been built anywhere in South Caro lina. It is modern in every par ticular and turns out a high grade of brick, and the price pOid is just a little lower than any price the commission had offered. "The commission is working harmoniously and for the best interests of the state as the com mission sees it. They have the invaluable experience of their chairman, Dr. J, W. Babcock, as a guidance in their work. Their whole aim is to do the best they can for the state's un fortunate wards." Bankers Agree to Finance Road. A despatch from -Andersdn to The State under recent date, says Plans to construct an electric road fr->m Abbeville to Easley, 60 Miles in lenath, passing thro' the city of Anderson, have tak en definite shape, and it is be lieved thaV within a short while the work will be under way, M, N. Patterson of this city has been working on the project, mnakiniig surveys, estimates and securing rights of way, and has been ln constant todch with a prominent Newv York banking concern that has nowv awnounced that it will finance the building~ of the road. Mr. Patterson hias just returned from New 'York, where he wvent over the proposi tion in detail wvith the bankers, and today he is ini receipt of the following self-explanatory let ter: "Refer-ring to the Anderson Abbeville & Easley railroad pr-o position, will say that we wil ag-roe to underwrite the neces sary bonds to build and construec a standard gauge railroad 6( miles in length, material to bi first-class in every respect, raih to be new, 70-pound; standari ties, etc., provided you will se cure cash $150,000 along the 1 im of said road, payable as the roa( is constructed in sections of ter miles, and not after the road ib completed; and provided furbhei that a competent engineer makes a thorough preliminary repor1 satisfactory to the underwriters said report to be made at the ex pense of the company and t< cost n t over $1,200, one-half oj which) Is to be paid before the engineer leaves New York, th< balan e when the report Ypleted '-This propositlo for your immediate acceptance or rejection." The proposed route traverses some of the best farming coui try in the Piedmont region. It goes through very fine country in Anderson and Aobeville coun ties. It extends into Pickens county only six miles. In An derson the road will be 37 miles and in Abbeville county 17 miles. t will cost approxi matelv $800,-.. 000. The people of Abbeville counl ty have agreed to raise $40,~00 of the needed amount to comply with the provisions of the Now York bankers-, the town of Ab beville in that county will raise an additional $10,000, -and the remainder will be raised in An derson and Pickens county. Business men here are behind the proposition, and it is going to succeed. Clemson Opens With Eight Hundreg. A special to the Greenville News of Sept. 18th, from Clem son, says: The nineteenth ses sion of Clemson College began at nine o'clock this morning. Never in the history of Clemson is the attendance been so large. Eight hundred cadets have al ready matriculated, and others are coming. Clemson now has the largest body of students of any college in South Carolina. Hazing has been practically abolished. Every old cadet is required to sign a pledge not to engage in any form of hazing. He is required to copy the pledge and sign his name to it. This, it is believed, will do away with hazing at Clemson. Many improvements have been made during the summer. An dditional -story has been added-to barrack number one., piazzas are being built in front of barracks inumber two. The dining hall has been remodeled and enlarged, while the work of buiilding cement walks all over the campus will begin soon. The new dairy is almost com pleted. With these, and other improvements, the-present ses sion proniises to be the best in the history of Clemson. To Investigate Pellagra. IIn spite of the scepticism with which 1he suggestion has been received in this section, the fed eral governiment is giving the most caret u. and painstaking consideration to the fheory that pellagra is caused, or transmit ted from one person to another. through the bite of the Buffalo gnat or ot her insects of the same species,. To make a (careful study of the relations bet ween the prev alence of this gnat, and the dis ease, an invest igation lasting at least several weeks will this wveek b~egin in the Glendale and1 other mill villages in Spartan burg county, where pellagra is known to prevail. This investi gation will be under the super vision of State Health Officer J. IA dams Hayne, D~r. R. M. Grimm of the United States in arine~ hos pital service, and an entomolo gist whom the federal depart ment will send to this spot. This investigation in to the mysterIous disease has been brought about through the ef forts of Congressmen Joseph T. Johnston and1 A. F. Lever, and Dr. J. Adams H-ayne, who have had the matter up with several departments of the federal gov' ernent for about a year pest. You will not see any /uor 3 or other fake advertiseme ts in ~ his nd ch SAD DEATH. I1r. Wadley T. Porter Accidentally Shot Last Saturday. One of the saddest accidents ever to occur in this county took place last Saturday afternoon, near Cross Roads Baptist church in which Wadley T. Porter lost his life. He, in company with Mr. A. J. Looper, Felton and Alvah Wood, the last two being boys, started out In the after noon for a rabbit hunt. Mr. Looper and Mr. Porter each had a gun, and after hunting awhile the dogs acted as though they were ready to jump a rabbit. They drew nearer the dogs ex pecting the rabbit any moment, and eager to got a start they tried to get positions of advan tage. Mr. Porter was a little in Mr. Looper's rear a'nd to his left and moved quickly up and rath er in front of Mr. Looper. Mr. Looper had his gun in both hands half raised, with his -fin ger on the hammer and it half cocked. As Mr. Porter moved quickly forward he ran against the muzzle of Mr. Looper's gun which pushed it backward and caused Mr. Looper to release his hold on the hanuner and imme diately the gun discharged the entire contents of one barrel go ing into the bowels of Mr. Por ter. He fell to his knees and said: "Mr. Looper, you have killed me, but you are not to blame, it was an accident." Mr. Looper picked him up and sat down on 'the ground holding .biin in his arms and on his lap. The two boys went for help, but before assistance reached them Mr. Porter was dead. He lived about three-fourths of an hour, and died seemingly withou t pain and happy. le was living on Mr. Looper's farm and they were close, warm friends. Mr. Porter was well known around here, being the young est son of Mr. P. A. Porter whc lives one mile out. He num bered his friends by his acquain tances, for all who knew hini liked him. He had been a Christian several years, was ac tive in church work and a. dea con .in the Baptist church. H-is body was buried Sunday afternoon inl the cemetery~ al Secona. the funeral heingc con (iucted by Rev. A. E. Hloward, the pastor, assisted by Rev. J1 M. Stewart. The large con c'ourise of people who at.tendet this service testified as to th<u esteem in .which he was held( lie is survived by a widow, wh( was Miss Hopkins, of Spartan burg countyjand thr'ee chi ldren the oldest about seven years anm the youngest two months. Ani to these we tenider sinerIe sym. pathy. He was 29 years old. No one censures or blame5 Mr. Looper for the accident. Ti was wvholly unavoidlable. Th< shock and strain and anguish i1 caused was a severe trial to hin and1 he also has the sympath> of his friends. PEARID)GE. Cotton-picking is the order o1 the day. Several on this side1 attende the baptizing at Rice Creek las Sunday. Mr. Oscat- Morgan is erectin a nice residlence. Mr. Editor, we are like p:oo "Lonely Sweetheart," we car brag on clear old Pearidlge. W don't blame her for thinkini her part of the country the hes of all, for none seem dearer t< us than old Pearidge. ISubscribe for The Sentinel To Help Market South's Cotton. Press dispatches from .4q9n, Ga., of the 20th say that the organization of a $4,000,000 con cern known as the Sputhern Cotton corporation with an eye to controlling the marketing of the cotton of the Soith was announced here to-day by George Dole Wadley, of Boling brooke, one of the wealthiest men In Georgia, and represent ing financial interests of great extent, Associated with Mr. Wadley, who will be president, are John E. Wadley, of Way cross, and John T. Moore, Leon S. Dure, Jesse H. Hall, John Mockey and W. E. Dunwoody, of Macon. The concern will work In con nection with a string of banks operated by the National Bank Audit company, of which Wil liam Barrett Ridgely, former comptroller of the currency, is president. Thd Southern Cotton corpora tion will advance farmers money up to 7.5 per cent. of the normal price on cotton deposited in warehouses. This cotton will be held, and -when the time arrives each year when a cor rect estimate of the crop can be made, a, price will be fixed and the cotton held until such price is paid. . Organization work, it was stated by Mr. Wadley to-day, has started in 1,000 counties throughout the cotton belt. In each county will be an advisory board, all stockholders in the corporation, composed of fivt business men aind ibankers ani twenty farmers. This countN board will watch 'the crop and report to the main offices which will be in Macon. Mr. Wadley announces that Eastern capital has already been secured to in sure success. Propaganda will start at once. World's Largest Bakery The largest bakery in the world is located at Essen, Prius sia, the home of the great Krupi: gun factory. It is a vast build. ing in which seventy workmen divided into two shifts, wor night and day. Everything if done by machinery. A screwN turns unceasingly a kneading tromLrh into wvhich are p)oure( the req uir'ed amount of w~ate1 and ten sacks of flour of tw( hundr('d poundls e'ach. TFh maichinie makes, in aill, ab~ou forty thousand pound1(s of br'ea eac'h (lay in the shaipe of twenty five thousand small loave's am twenty five thousand large loave' from two hundred and thirta sacks of flour' of two hulndre( 1)ounds1 e'ach. All of the operiations of' bread m ak ing are perform ed ini th: collossal bakery. Tfhe whea arrives there, is cleaned,. gr'onm and br'ought automatically t< the kneading tr'ough by a serie of rising andl descending pipes Treare thir'tys-ix doub~loven: and the workmen who wvatc] over the bakinlg of the brea< carn from eight to ten cents pe hor', making an average o ab~out inety-five cenmts per elev en hour (lay. They have coffee anid br'ea fr'ee. They are r'equir'ed to kee themselves spotlesslyV clean an are given the use (of fine baUth rooms, also free. Th'ley are r< (Juired to wvash their hands ai least eight times each day. TPhis newsp~ap~er intends t become a household conmpanlo in every home in this couint~y We expect to make it so news5 bright and cheery that ever .home will have to have It. WEIGHING AN ELEPHANT 1016 Simple. Yet ingenious, Method Pro- -eai posed by Hindu Prince W There Is a story often told in India of Shajee, a Hindq prince, . who on a certain occasion - showed himself almost as clover as Archimedes. A high official had made a vow that he would distribute to the poor the weight of his, own elephant in silver money, says The New York Press. But the great difficulty that at first pre sented itself was the mode of as certaining what this weight really was. All the learned and clever men of the court seem to have endeavored in vain to con struct a machine of sufficient power to weigh the elephant. At length Sajee came forward and suggested a plan which was simple, and yet ingenious in the degree. He caused the unwield ly animal to be conducted along a stage specially made for the purpose by the waterside into a flat bottom boat. Then having marked on the boat the height to which the water reached after the elephant had weighed it down, the latter was taken out and stones substituted in sufficient quantity to hold the boatto thesame line. The stones were then taken to the scales, and thus, to the aiazement of the court, was ascertained the true weight of the elephant. College Hill Items. I Prof. W. L. Thompson, Pr"ideut of tlhe College, preached at the Wesleyan church iri Greenv i4aft-&yw Prof. J. M. Hancock mrade a bsiness trip to Spartanburg on Saturday. Misses Nellie and Callie Linebarger, of the WV. M. U. spent a few days with their fathe - in Danville. Va. Messrs. L. 3umgarner, of Hickory, N. C.. and T. S. Lawrence, of Calhoun, S. C., and Miss Bessie Pearson, of Eas ley, were new students at the W. M. C. the past week. The Good Book says that "tribulation worketh patieice." 'Ihe teachers of this section will have a good supply by the timo the State books arrive. Three sclools-Central uraded, liptist A cad emv at Six Mile and our owi w. M. College-.olc to the depositorv in Cen. tral for the hooks furnislel by the State. and up to this writing a few tof the books have been omittil entirely from the sl.ipments. The teachers a e stapliying wvork its best they yon, antd makinig use of the ol text-hooks so) far as they are obt atinable, but the results are far from sattisfactory. We aret gla'i thbe State <ioits not chatnge bookls oftener than five .years. ; llThe CIolle;ge Indlustrial Arsociat ion is e m- ing rapidly to the. fr~onit in imort i anice. Prof. . 1. M.I ancock, thle se'cre tary-t reasturer,ln ha reived~ requets for shae fomsevralofthe Sltate's, hot h 4 N<,rth and suith. Ne*arly a h undred shiares have been sold alr eadi v. It is (cer ntent, organizaationt of te comtpant y will take place ont Oct. 6th, and the. work - wA!ill actually b1'egin ti:s soon thereafter ats ' possible. We do not wanit aniy personi t to lack atn educeationt becaits t htv ha v. 1 insuflicisnt meanis to pay their way thtrough schtool. A p~air of hands uand a mind to work are the best <ilalific.ionsi Sfor ta success in life. And we believe . hat the hest thlp that coat be futrr ished a stuldent is an opportaumty to helpa him -i self. 'This is the imi of te lnuitsitrialI IA 'sociation. Darby- Long. - At, the home of Mr. George W. lDarby at, Satndy Springs, Miss Nettie May Dar by uand M tir. M arcu is (C. Ii )g -ver. mar - ried last n ighit. Mr. Long is very well kno~wnl in Anidersuon as he was court stentographer for this district for many years .Miss lDarby aliso spenlt several months in Anderson last winter assist ing in thte revision of records that was ,t done ini the ofice of the clerk of court, She mady many friends while here. Mr. aind Mrs. Lcng wvill reside in Walhalhla, o where Mr. Long ts now practicing law. a -Daily Mail, Sept. 19th. Iisour purpose to give each week fresh and readable news, such as the people generally are interested1 inl.