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From Easley Route 1.
After a rest of several years I will give the readers of the Sentinel a few items of interest from this section. Everything seems to] be on a boom around here, if the price of cotton is low. Automobiles, buggies and wagons can be seen all. arouud, and from 5 to 50 bales of cotton in the yards. Fine hogs, almost ready for pork, and plenty of corn and hay. If the price of cotton had been anything like we received last year we would be very in dependent. Mr. Frank Lenhardt pur chased the J. 0. Bowen bottoms on George's Creek last year and began clearing, ditching and preparing them for cultivation this year. He used box tile for drain ditches and has some 20 oi 25 acres in corn which will yield between fifteen hundred and two thousand bushels. He never couited his fodder and tops by the hundred but by the load and saved 69 leads of very fine feed. This proves what money and brains will do with Pickens county soil. There are several hundred acres of fine land which could be made to produce thousands of bushels of corn in this section and in the county if we had the labor and means. Gathering corn is now occu pying the time and attention of the farmers and a fine crop is being saved. On accoatn'Ff the rains very few oats have been s6wn yet, but with good weather during the next few weeks many of :hem will be put in the ground, 'and also wheat. W. R. - Lenhardt made 44 bushels and 15 pounds of sound corn on one acre in the boys con test. This is not half he would have made if he couldhave had rain at the right time. !z:.. . Mr. John Craig has sold his farm near here to Mr. J. A. Brown for a fancy price. We re egret to see Mr. Craig leave us iut hope he may realize what. .the farmers need and tryt .$Thfroiie--s-a nierchant. .Mrs. Henry Gilliland is seri .ously ill. Her speedy recovery is hoped for. Mrs. G. C. Griflin died last; Monday at the home of her fath-t .er Mr. J. M. King. She leaves' *ahusband and four small chil 'dren. Your correspondent had the *pleasure~ of attending the 65th1 birth day dinner of Mr. Allen 1 :Mauldin last Sunday. He is - hale and hearty and very jubil **ant, and can tell some very in teresting war adventures. * LONELY Boy. BUSINESS LOCALS. Craig Bros. Co. want 30 bush els white multiplying onions, at $1 per bushel, in trade. -For land any where in Pick ens county see or write J. R. Ashmore. "The Land Man." TO RENT.-Two-horse crop - to rent. Man furnish his own stock. Three miles from Pick ens and five miles from Easley, near the Pickens railroad. R. A. BOWEN, nov2tf Pickens, S. C. For Sale or Exchange.-I have three small farms for sale cheap. 1. 10 acres in Easley. 2. 46 acres 11miles of Easley. 3. 85 acres1iimiles of Easley. If you want a bargain see me at once. I will exchange farm land for goods or town property. L. B. O'DELL, nov2-2t Easley. S. C. For Sale. One 15-acre tract Of nice land adjoining college lands in Cen tral, S. C. Good 6-room house and out-buildings. Cheap. See or write C. W. GA.RRETT, Easley, S. C. One plug of PENN'S CHAMPION tobacco bought from S. R. Kelly, Central, S. C. will convince you it is the best loc plug on earth. The War [if The Situation In Front of' Federal Outposts-Conf the Vicinity of Alexand The Southern Commande regard, and President Do Attack In Maryland-I Potomac Commanded by ECopyright by American Press Associa tion. 1911. BY JAMES A. EDGERTON. D UE G the second week of Oc tober, 1861, occurred a for ward movement of detach ments of the Federal Army of the Potomac. It was not an exten sive movement, being little more than an advance of the picket lines. After the battle of Bull Run the Confeder ates had drawn rather close about Washington, placing troops of observa don on several nearby Virginia hills. The occupancy of one of these, Mun son's hill. enly eight miles from Wash Copyright by Roview of Reviews Co. BREVET LIEUTENANT GENERA) SEATED-THE TALL OFFICE] LANE" IS SOH UYLER H AMII' SPICUIOUS IN THE FIELD D1 ISLAND NO. 10 IN 1862. sgton. ha~d an interesting sequel. I .fter this position was abandoned by he southern troops at the end of Sep mber it was found that they had no vorks worthy the name and that their rmment consIsted of two painted ogs and a stovepipe. Yet with these Quaker" guns they bad held oa' the mguard of tbe Army of the Potomac~ or several weeks. Their positIon and ntrenchments looked formidable, and e UnIon troops let it go at that and| ld not attack. This was during Mc- I lelan's nervous weeks, when he was rltng to his wife almost daily ex ressions of surprise that Beauregard lid not attack him. Finally when the mall force of Confederates at Mun mo's bill and other points roundabout vlthdrew of their own motion their xstions were occupied by the Fed An incident at about this time. hrows a rather luminous side light on he situation and reveals something of icClellan's military tactics. It was reported that the Confederates were again fortifying Mlatthias point, on the Potomac, and were threatening nai-: atlon. To dislodge them a combined naval and military movement was nnned. McClellan agreed to furnish the troops, and the Potomac nlotilla of gunboats were to land these and co operate in the attack. All was made ready and the boats prepared for the expedition. But no troops appeared. Inquiry at army headquarters elicited the information that McClellan's en gineers had reported against the plan and said it would be impracticable to land the troops in the manner pro posed. The navy replied that it as sumed all responsibility for landing the troops. Two Logs and a Stovepipe. Another promise was thereupon made that the land forces would be ready the next night, and once more ;he boat gotin postion.~ Again the roops failed to show up. On a second Inquiry being mnade the most satisfac tion the naval officers could get was that McClellan opposed the movement. fearing It would bring on a general engagement, for which he was not tben ready. President Lincoln. who bad urged the taking of Matthias point. was chagrined by the incident, but de ferred to the wishes of the general. Navigation in the Potomac was closed. and the administration came In for general censure in consequence. The chief naval officer in command of the PotomaC flotilla asked to be transfer red, feeling that he was losing repu tation because of Inaction for which he was not responsible. Possibly the Munon'. kil Qaker gun agafr was ty Years Ago Nashington--Advance of the xerate Outposts Retire From ria to Fairfax Court House. .r at Manassas, General Beau vis at Odds-Davis Urges an ocation of the Army of the General George B.McClellan. due to the same unwillingness to bring on a general engagement. Subsequent events proved, by the way, that a Union attack at neither point would have brought on a general engage ment. In the case of Munson's hill it probably would have ochsloned no engagement at all, general or other wise. At the slightest show of an at tack the Confederates would doubt less have withdrawn without firing a gun. On Oct. 9 the advance guard of the Union army moved northwest toward the village of Lewinsville, Va., occu WINFIELD SCOTT AND STAFF N ON THE EXTREME LEFT FACING ON, GRANDSON OF ALTEXA NDER RING THE WAR, NOTABLY AT 1 pying It the next daiy. At about the same time General G. A. McCall's di- I vision went forward to Langley, ive . 1 miles up the P'otomae- from Alexan- I I da. Other adv-ances occurred which t placed the Union front to a line ex tending from a point near Great Falls I on the Potomac, ten miles above I Washington. to a position south of the Little River turnpike and the Orang'e and Alexandria turnpike, west of Ales-' andria. At the end of the week the! divisions and detachment under Gen eral George B. McClellan in and around Washington and Alexandria occupied the following positions: General Joseph Hooker's division was at Budd's Ferry. Md.. on the lower Potomac. twenty-five miles from Washington: General Heintzelnan's at Fort Lyon and vicinity, General W. B. Franklin's near the Theological seminary, General Blenker's near Hun-1 ter's Chapel. General McDowell's at Upton Hill and Arlington, General Fitz-1 John Porter's at Hall's and Miner's' Hills and General W. F. Smith's at I Mackall's Hill, all near Alexandria. McCall was at Langley. General Don Calos Buell was at Tennallytown.; Meridian Hill. etc.. on the Maryland side of the river, close to Washington. General Stoneman's cavalry and Gen eral Hunt's artillery were in Washing-1 ton. General N. P. Bank's division was at Darnestown, Md., with detach ments at Point of Rocks and else where, as far up the river as Williams port fifty miles fromi Washington. General C. P. Stone's division was at Pooleville, Md.. thirty miles from Washington. and General Dir at Bal timore. Washington Safe. Thus the Army of the Potomae at' this time extended in a long arc with Its wings resting on the river above!1 and below Washington, its center in Virginia, west of the capital, with a strong advance occupying the hills round about and a heavy reserve, also the cavalry and artillery, in the capital itself. This, with an elaborate system of fortifications, rendered Washington comparatively secure from attack either in front or on the flanks, a con dition at which McClellan had been aiming ever since he took command. The position of Stone at Poolesville Is especally worthy of note, for it was Ia portion of his army which fought the disastrous battle of Ball's Bluff in the following week. It should be mentioned that General N. G. Evans' Confederate brigade was then near Leesburg, 'Va., opposite Poolesville. Evans had gone there of his own mo tion. but Beauregard granted him per .mi.sion to remain in the hope that ie might b e able to annoy Banks or possibly separate him entirely from McClellan's main commnd. It was a portion of Evans' force that defeated the Federals at Ball's Bluff. McClel lan was pushing out reconnoitering parties at this time, and small bands of the Confederates were retiring In consequence. At one time it. was re ported that Leesburg had been aban doned, but this proved a costly error. A rather interesting point is brought out in an article by General Joseph E. Johnston written after the war. On Oct. 1 a consultation was held ne tween Jefferson Davis and Generals Johnston, Beauregard and G. W. Smith. Says General Johnston: "In discussing the question of giv ing our army (the Confederate army at Manassas) strength enough to as sume the offensive in Maryland, it was proposed to bring to it from the south troops enough to raise it to the required strength. The president (Davis) asked what was that strength. - General Smith thought 50,000 men. General Bewegard 60,000 and 160,000, all of us specifying soldiers like those around us. The president replied that such re-enforcements could not be furnish ed. He could give us only as manyr recruits as we could arm. This decid ed the question." General Johnston also states that never had there been a purpose of ( 0 t C Il b - t( V d Il n d i THE FALL OF 1861-SCOTT I8 Y THE AGED "HERO OF LUJNDT'S be HAMILTON-HE BECAME CON HE SIEGE AND CAPTURE O)F C] cdvancing into Maryland and in a let- n er of that time says, "Thus far the e' Lumbers and condition of this army iave at no time justified our assuming he offensive. So much for McClellan's nervous ears of an attack and s'tories thien cur 'ent in the north to the mffedt thiat the knfederates had 200,000 .men in tile 'cinity of Manassas. - .-p EcCelan Attacks Administration. Some -rather illuminating side ights e~ re also furnished in General McClel an's letters at this time. Th'ese letters re all dated early in October. Here tre a few characteristic sentences: "I cannot tell you how disgusted 1 p. tm becoming with these wretched pot ticans." "We shall be ready by tomorrow to. P ight a battle there (Munson's- bill) If he enemy should choose to attack. C( nd I don't think they will care .to run hie risk. I presume I shall nave to go tfter them when I get ready, but this P settng ready Is slow work with- such i administration. I .wish I were well ut of It." "I am becoming daily more disgftst id with this administration-perfectly- p t of it. If 1 could with honor re dgn I would quit the whole concern omorrow." This has a rather peculiar sound now, when we know that at the very time C licClellanl was writing these letters to its wife abusing the administr-ation It in turn was preparing to place bimi in mpreme command of all the armies s if the United States. President Lincoln was having his >wn troubles. The course or events C :ad made it imperative~ that ne sup- c plant two prominent commnnders,9 1 seneraI Wiutieid Scott. the hend of e United States armyv. :Ind General Pl Premont, commander in Missouri. ~ether event occurred for two weeks. but both were being considered. Dur ing this very week Secretary of War ft Dameron and the adjutant general had one west to hold a consultation with Fremont and possibly to discover the truth of the charges against him. C Cameron overtook Fremont at Tipton. Mo., on the 13th, after which he re turned Immediately to Washington. S As for General Scott. he had ex- I pressed the desire to be relieved as r early as August. He was old and un equal to the physical and mental bur- C den of conducting a great war. Fre -I1 quent misunderstandings with General - McClellan, then commanding the lar gest army In the field and charged C with the defense of Wbsinwte a doubtless intn4iea nfllaoesire to um r ant f It a1L le Direct from th But it takes See your. dealer now, before he contracts for his goods, and urge him to get good up-to-date brands, containing 6 to 10 per cent. potash, and to carry POTASH SALTS in stock. There is profit in such goods both for you and your dealer. You Let more plant food for your money, your fertilizer is GERMAN KAIL Continental Building, Baltimore Whitney Central Bank llE CROPS OF 1910 inners Report-Largest Crop InHistory of ThelIndustery. Washington, Nov. 8.-With a ytal of 9,969,172 bales of cotton f the growth of 1911ginned prior > November 1, as announced >day by the census bureau, the romised record breaking cotton rop of this season is fast being iade ready for themanufactur r. At no time in the history f the American cotton indus -y has so great a crop been inned to this time of the year. The amount ginned to No ember 1 exceeds by 1,777,000 ales the amount ginned to this ate in 1908, the previous record. also is greater than the ginn ig to November 14 of any other ear, being about 200,000 bales ore than was ginned to that ate in 1904, the record. This ould indicate that the crop as at least two weeks earlier maturing and- reaching the ns than in previous years. Calculations of the year's tal crop, based on the ginning orts, would, therefore. prob ly-be more accurate if figured i the November 14 reports of ~her years. In previous record ~ais, about 70 per cenit has ~en ginned to that date and a ugh estimate of this. years op might be placed at a mini unm of 14,000,000 bales. Corn ercial experts' estimates. how er, .range up to more than 15, 0,000. Alabama, iL989,376 bales com red with 748,878 in 1910. Arkansas, 443.505 bales, coml red with 324,769 in 1910; loria, 55;973 bales' compar I with 1,241,825 in 1910; Georgia, 1.90)6,256 bales, comn red with 1,241,825 in 1910. Louisiana. 232,047 bales, comn red with 154,634 in 1910. Mississippi, 585,021 bales comn red with 576,641 in 1910. Niorth Carolina, 597,959 bales, rmpared with 386,096 in 1910. Oklahoma. 555,755 bales comn red with-585,237 in 1910. Soth Carolina, 1,021,972 bales mpared with 729,417 in 1910. Tennessee, 212,570 bales, comn red with 129,840 in 1910. Texas, 3,210,218 bales, com red with 2,405,157 in 1910. All other States, 57,511 bales, >mpared with 24,825 in 1910. Estimates by American con ils throughont the world of the mber of 500-pound bales of tton required to supply foreign >untries, except Italy and Eng Ld, for manufacturing pur ses before September 1, 1912, ace the number at 12,718,112. The information was called r by the Governor of Texas, ho wanted it to lay before the ~overnor' s Convention in New rleans. In tb3 case of Italy, the con til general at Genoa, through a isunderstanding, gave esti ates for the amount of Amen an cotton demanded.-. The nited States has been furnish g about 70 per cent of cottoni osumed in Italy, indicating a tota! ?!emnand for mhi~ mountry ext year of 750,000 tbale. 'The timates for England, 2,854,5121 IGman time to get it better balanced, your soil fertilit is conserved, and your crops are larger and of better quality. Potash Pays. We will sell you or your dealer Potash in any amount from 200 lbs. up. Write now for prices and for free pamphlets giving just the facts you are looking for about improving, crops and soils. I WORKS, Inc. Monadnock Block, Chicado Building, New Orleans MYLADV'S JEWEL COLLECTION will be superb if it is made up entir 1v of ornements, trinkets, etc., of sRame high character as those to seen here. NOTHING COULD BE HANDSOMER with more enduring beauty than th jewelry contained i.. our exhibit. YOU ARE (ORDIALLY INVITED to visit it and enjoy the phlasure o examning the many beautiful ihing it includes. The looks of the jewelr speak for themselves. We guaran cee the quality. H. SNIDER. Easley, S. C bales representing consumptio of American cotton to Sept ber 1st last.' America usuall supplies about 90 per cent o England's total demand. Washington, Nov. 8.-Th crop reporting board of bureau of statistics of the Uni~ States department of agricultur in its November crop report,' sued at 2:15 p.. m. today, . mates, from the reports of x correspondents and agents, th yield per acre, total producti and quality of the corn crop, follows: Corn: Production, 2,776,301 000 bushels, compared with 3, 125,713,000 bushels last y Yield per acre 2S.9 bushels, co pared with 27.4 bushels 1 year, and 26.0 bushels, the te year average. Quality, 80.6 cent, compared with 84.5 cent, the ten-year average. The percentage of 1910 cre of corn on farms, November 1911, is estimated at 4.2 per ce (132,063.000 bushels) against 4. per cent (119,056,000 bushels) the 1909 crop on farms Nor e er 1, 1910, and 3.3 per cent, t average of similar estimates the past ten years.. S. R. Kelly, Central, S. sells a brand of tobacco a dime per plug which I worth i5c a plug'? It i PENN'S CHAMPION. Secret Order Meetings.. . Masonic-A. F. & A. M.nme Saturday - ights on or befo the full moon Chapter-R. A. M. meets day nights on or after the moon. K. of P.-Meets every Mo day night after the first third Sundays. W. 0. W.-Meets every and third Tuesday nights. City Council meets Tues nights after first Mondays. Why do you spend yo money for inferior tobae when you can buy PENN CH AMIION from S. R. I ly, Caral, S. C. at same price the comm where.