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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1911-2016, November 30, 1911, Image 1

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The Pearl of the
Entered Apr1 23, 1903 at Plcken's s.C. as second class Mal ma er, under act of Congress of March , 1879
PICKENS, S. C., NOVEMBER 30, 1911.
41st YEAR. -_-_
Dr. John E. White, of Atlanta,
Before the Woman's Mission
ary Union at Anderson.
The subject of the doctor's
address was the "Backward
People of the South." He said
that he used the word "back
ward" with no invidious spirit,
bit felt that he had the. right
to speak of the people that way
because he had spent many
years among them as an edu
cator and religious worker. He
also said that at the beginning
he destred his audience to under
stand that he was a Southern
man, born and reared, and that
what he said that night might
seem hard wasisaid because of
love for the Southland and be
cause Southernmne'n must say
The orators of the past have
tickled the ears of the people by
telling them what a wonderful
people they were, and lauding
their virtues. Virtues speak for
themselves, but the true citizen
tells them their faults. He is
only a good Southerner who
wants the South to be right.
Said he, all of us are back
ward, measured by the charac
ter of Christ and the edge of
Book. Universally we are
times as
ible times
ted such
nglands rural
one of calm, peace
telligence not found any
ere else on[the globe; 11,005
suicides, 74,000 divorces and 12,
000' homicides do not show us
equal morad~i with other Euro
pean countries, although we
may be superior in other ways.
4 The~South is a backward sec
tion of the United States, finan
cially, its bank deposits per cap
ita being only one-fourth what
they are in many other states.
Educationally the South is back
- wai-d. The twelve Southern
states have one-sixth the popu
lation of the United States, and
one-third of all the illiteracy of
the Union is to be found in these
twelve states.
Politically we are backward,
continued Dr, White. Southern
bramns founded the American
republic, and up to 1860 the
South furnished the chief just
ices of the United States, with
one exception. We were at the
head in those times, but the
purest American inherited ca
pacity for governing is not exer
cised as in other places. Morally
we ar-e backward in attaining
good citizenship. Out of 246
lynchings all over the country,
-all but 42 occurred in~the South,
showing our barbarism.
Now, said Dr. White, who
are the backward people? There
are 30,000,000., people in the
twelve Southern states, and not
ali of them are backward, for
10,000,000 are lifted in a safe
level f-civilization and repre
the flower of the chivalry
of the Anglo-Saxon race. They
are the people who foster educa
tion, commerce, mining, agri
culture and set the standard of
moral public opinion. In every
community one or more men
may be found representing this
class, but there are only 10,000,
*000 of them out of the 20,000,000
who are not on a safe level of
civilization, and by - safe level"
I mean those who if turned loose
would wield the destinies of the
South for good, and by "unsafe"
I mean those who if given au
thority would sink the country
, to the lowest level of civilization
or barbarism.
About 2,000,000 represent the
class who. have relations withj
the better element and lower
el' ment and trafficbetween the
two. They use ignorance by
molding and shaping it, for their
* .,,own purposes, and are the dem
'agogues of the South; 5,000,000
~tes own not one inch ofland
and'couldinow drop out of exist
ce w' 'sturbing any tax
oft&co cry; 3,000,000
rntains an'd there
egroes. Add tc
what eonstitutes the backward
20,000,000 of the South, the field
of our religious endeavors.
Dr. White said that his life is
:devoted to this 20,000,000, and
that he would rather be a factor
in its uplift than move in the
most aristocratic circles as a
leader. For' ten years he was
secretar.y of the home mission
board and gained much experi
ence with the mountain and
mill people. He considers the
mountaineers America's store
house of pure r.ed blood and of
unjaded nerver Their names,
languages and customs link us
to the unadulterated Anglo
Saxon of Beowulf.
Dr. White spoke of the eager
ness of the mountain children
for education and their inherent
religiousturn, Cold,rain,snow,
mud nor any weather inclem
ency keep them at home-they
must be told to stay at home in
stead of told to go to school. The
mountain child is a gold mine
waiting for development. There
are no skeptics in the mountains
-they take the Book from cover
to coyer.
In Madison county, N, C., up
to 1900 only one boy had left
that county for an education
and his parents were really not
mountaineers. Since then from
one mountain school in that
county sixty boys 1 and girls
have graduated from outside
schools and universities. - When
Dr. White taught in one of the
mountain schools a parent made
complaint to the school board
that the teacher was "unset
-ling" the minds of his children
and getting notions in their
heads about leaving, home and
going out ite tLoorld.
The backward class of 5,000,
000 who own no land are the
under strata that still needs to
be dealt with. They come from
the undisturbed servant class
brought with the colonists from
other countries, and finding
themselves free in this land, be
came the poor white tenants of
the plantations, owning io land,
careless, irresponsible, living
upon the business abilities of the
After the war, says Dr. White,
these people began to congre
gate about factories and mills
where their children and women
could be made available for fam
ily support. Thus sprung up
the ignorant, inflammable mill
element. though I do not naean
to say that all people who work
in mills are of this origin.
The Atlanta riot, making a
regular hell of human force,
continued the doctor, was com
posed of nuill people. as was
proven by the investigation.
Not one single man belonging
to that mob owned a fdot of dirt.
This element largely makes up
the mob of the lawless element
of the Southland.
The negroes make the 10,000,
000 of the 20,000,000 backward
people forming a great cloud of
peril to the Soutb. We brought
them here and keep them here.
Any propositon to remove them
would meet oposition: As long
as the wh'% man makes the
negro a factor in the develop
ment of the South he must in
common decency give the black
man justice.
" Friends," exclaimed Dr.
White, "I am not so much
afraid the negro will lose his
~head as I am that the white
man will lose his soul. The gos.
pel of Christ only is capable of
making the relations between
the white aid blacks right,
and I mean right by the stand
ard of God. We must rule by
the super iority of virtue anid not
by the equality of vice The
negroes are practically Baptists
the world over. Belong to us as
a denomination; and the Bap
tists must practice their religion
on the negro and try to get
Christ's conception of him."
IDr. White said that while the
home mission board looked into
the industrial conditions of thesq
backward people, it was not its
mission to look after the indus
trial affairs ocf the country ex
cept from the standpoint of hu
manity. Do not think because
you are rich and cultured that
you can separate yourself from
these people, for you must climb
the ladder by he irt culture.
"If yodi. deny the backward
people." declared Dr.White. .in
closiing his " -eny
the very pe
Assured of Ample Backing 1
Hold Cotton-Plans for Ui
holding Price of Product.
New York, Nov. 21.-Ne
York bankers who have bee
conferring here for the last fe
days with representatives of th
Southern Cotton congress, a
nounced this -afternoon the
they had raised a fund of $50
000,000 to be placed in the col
ton belt for the purpose of hani
ling thegotton crop of 1911 an
enabling growers to participat
in any rise in the market.
- The negotiations were cor
ducted on behalf of the Sout:
by Gov. Emmet O'Neal, of Ale
bama; Senator Bailey, of Texac
who has been advising his co:
leagues as to the legal aspects C
the proposition; E. J. Watsor
president of the permaner
Southern Cotton congress, an
commissioner of agriculture c
South Carolina, and Clarence C
Ousley, of Fort Worth, Texa
representing the governor of hi
st: te.
The bpnkers who will furnis'
the fund, according to the sit,
ment. a! e headed by Col. Rob,
M. Thompson, of the breeig
firm of H. P. Pell & '1h
city. The financial suppuc e
several of the strongest banks i:
New York has been given t
the plan.
The plan proposes to advanc
the grower I$25 per bale upo:
his cotton, based on the marke
value at the time of the loar
No interest will be paid upoi
the loan, the only charge bein
$1 per bale, which is regarde,
as a legitimate minimum charg
for the expense of grading an,
handling. The cotton is no
held, nor taken from the chan
nels of trade, but is placed a
the best advantage. The growe
is given the right to designat
the day of sale prior to Januar;
1; 1913, and will participate ii
any advance in price to the es
tent of three-fourths of the ris
of the market.
Details of the plan are yet I
be worked out. It has been de
cided, however, to place thJ
funds through the state con
mittees named by the governo:
or commissioner of agricultur
of a state, and these committee
shall be empowered to sell whe:
cotton reaches 12 cents, an
compelled to sell when it reacd
ed 13 cents, regardless of advi(
from the growers. Provisio:
against any violation of th
Sherman anti-trust law is cor
taned in the agreement.
"Of course," reads the state
ment, "everything depend
upon the acceptance of ithe pla
by the individual farmer in cor
nection with his pledge to reduc
acreage the coming year."
Following is' the announc<
ment of the plan, issued afti
to-day's conference:
"The announcement we
made here to-day following th
conferences that have beeni
progress for several days b<
tween prominent bankersc
New York and leading repr<
sentatives of the South, such
Gov. O'Neal, of Alabama; CIx
ence Ousley, representing Go,
Colquit, of Texas, and E.J
Watson, president of the perm.
nent Southern Cotton congres
and commnissioner of agricultm
of South Carolina, that a prol
osition has been presented1
these gentlemen, representin
respectivlythe governors' co:
ference and the cotton congres:
composed of producers and bus
ness men and bankers of ti
South, which means the placir
in the cotton belt states of aboi
.50,000,000 immediately for 1.1
handling of the cotton cre
of 1911.
"In other words, the propos
tion is to give thahrmer $25 pt
bale advance on his cotton witl
out interest, charging him onl
$1 per bale tor cover expenses<
grading and hauling, lettir
him turn over the cotton to ti
holders, who will advance hii
$25 per bale and give him ti
opportu ~yto design ate ti
ate othe sale prior to Jai
1, 191t3. and to participate
an~ aidvance in price :.o the e:
tentf~ three-fourths of the ri:
in e market.
'is calculateddhaf in tl
t ordina ing plb
this plan he takes no mor
chances than he did before. anc
has every opportunity of maxi
mum price in a rising market,
and saving the losses sustained
to by damage and : y loss of weight
and warehousing charges.
."Provision is made against
any apparent violation of the
Sherman anti-trust law, in that
:n each committee named by the
w governor or commission'r of
Le agriculture of each state has
cower to name the (lay of sale if
t cotton reaches 12 or 13 cents,
. which according to the testi
. mony gathered gives only a
j. close legitimate profit on the
d cost of production.
e Of course everything de
pends on the acceptance of the
plan by the indvidual farmer in
h connection with his pledge to re
duce acreage the coming year.
The individual farmer alone can
make success possible.
,f "The undertaking is fathered
by a number of bankers of
[t whom Col. R. M. Thompson is
d the head. The committeemen
& here have been offered assur
ances from some of the strongest
banks in the city of a thorough
s backing of these already strong
b "These gentlemen here, as
well as President Barrett of the
National Farm ers' union, con
side the plan acceptable to the
g 'rowers,~ fln-4 ; _ etonight
'"-1i!g to their r ective
n States i present j: to their
o ple, and if it be agreeable to the
producers to put it into immedi
e ate operation.
"Senator Bailey has been ad
t vising as to the legal aspect of
the prop.sition."
a E, J. Watson, president of the
Southern Cotton congress, com
d menting on the plan tonight,
e said:
d "We have carefully consider
t ed the whole thing in all its
._ phases. I can't say what the
t growers are going to do. The
r financial end is strong. It holds
e out prospects of fine results and
y estops any efforts at a corner of
a the market. It seems to insure
- an honest price for cotton and
e to safeeuard the commodity
which is the ery keystone of
o American finance. Some one
-besides the farmer may make
e some money out of it, but as
-that is done the farmer is being
r assured several dollars a bale
e more than he would get under
s the present iniquitious market
ing methods. We are therefore
d willing to submit and recomn
e mend the proposition to our
e people, and, if they wish to ac
a cept it, then help them to make
e it effective as we can.
a- "There is no doubt that the
holding and reduction of acreage
e. pledge, t :e movement :we have
Ls been pushing so successfully,
n has ckecked the downward ten
~-dency of prices under the per
e sistent hammering up to this
time. So far we have fought
- the battle unaided: now that
r money to the extent of $50,000,
000 is offered we may fight
s harder and in the end we hope
.e to put a check to methods of
n marketing of a nationally im
3- portant commodity which the
f federal government ought to
3- have wiped out long ago."
r Mayesville, Nov. 22.-B. W.
Dabbs, president of the South
Carolina Farmers' union, -is
rather doubtful how the farmers
sof the State will receive the
plan of the New York syndicate
to lend $25 a bale upon the cot
o ton crop of South Carolina. Its
success will depend, he said,
upon whether the planters em
brace the offer of the syndicate.
He also said that he could not
tsee any noticable effect of the
syndicates scheme. as he
it tiought the main desideratum
eto be obtained by the plan, in
P his estimation, had already been
Obtained through action bry the
- Farmers' union.
r Nevertheless, if the plan seems
good to him when he has had
time to examine its details, h(
will Pn d it his heartiest support.
He ho~pes, he said, that it will
eprove successful in helping the
farmers to secure a fair prices
~for their cotton.
aGalveston, Tex., Nov. 22;
~Discussing the; plan announ 4ec
-ht forfew York ban rs
N 0o,000,000 to cot 1r
H. Kempner, pr i
eston cotton ex
e t to
identical cotton that is shippec
by each farmer will be held anc
whether each shipper will havE
the right of marketing his own
cotton and pay the co'mmission
and a few other practical ques
tions are not discussed in the
outline of the plan so far given.
"The fund will be of great
benefit if the marketing of cot
ton is judiciously done, and will
go a long way to supplement
the work that cotton factors
have done, and will continue to
do, of advancing on cotton and
charging the actual expense of
holding it but giving the pur
chaser all instead of three
fourths of an advance in price.
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 22.-A
lukewarm reception of the an
nouncement that New York
bankers are ready to advance
$50,000,000 to farmers on a cot
ton holding plan was accorded
today in interviews by cotton
men in several of Texas' leading
While some favored the pro
ject nearly all expressed doubts
about the possibility of making
arrangements that would suit
any considerable part of the cot
ton producers. Cotton middle
men generally said the project
would not be accepted. Few
cotton planters .could be reached
for interviews. At Austin two
or three planters said that their
own banks were looking after
farmers' Interests satisfactorily.
Alcohol As Food And Medicine.
Dr. H. W. Wiley, Washing
ton, D. C.
I think there is a marked ten
dency in the profession to regard
the virtues of alcohol as very
questionable. The old idea that
if one is going to expose himself
to extreme danger or extremes
of climatic conditions, the body
should be fortified by the use of
alcohol, has dissapeared. It is
quite certain now that alcohol
does not make one less apt to
freeze, bnt more so, and that it
does not give any such amount
of energy as to be at all com
pensatory for the injury it may
produce. On the witness stand
I have stated that I considered
alcohol a food because a certain
quanity of it is burned in the
body, with the production of
heat and energy.- In the light
of recent investigations, how
ever, and from theoretic consid
erations. I am inclined to the
opinion that the effort to rid the
body of even the small quanities
of alcohol mentioned may, per
haps, consume a great deal more
energy than is furnished by its
combustion, and that, on the
whole, itcannot be regarded as
a food, even in the limited sense
nere described. . The suscepti
bility to certain diseases of per
sons addicted to alcohol has been
noted by many writers, and the
records of death by sunstroke
indicate that a very large per
centage of the victims are alco
holics. The tendency which
alcohol has to weaken the bodily
assistance, therefore, is a mat
ter not to be left out of consid
eration. The general result of
the study of this problem has
been an accelerated movement
to res'trict the use of alcohol in
medical practice, and~ especially
in hospital practice. Both as a
means of preventing disease and
as a remedy this agent is rapidly
falling into disrepute, so that it
bids fair to become merely a
memory in our materi~a medica
and the pharmacopeia.
What Physicians Think of Beer.
in view of the wide-spread
agitation concerning the official
recognition by the Government
of the Brewers' Congress. and
avowed purpose of which is
"the advancement of all phases
of the brewing industry" the
repetition of a few well authent
icated facts concerning the (dan
gers of beer-drinking may'be op
Commenting on the effect of
beer upon the heart. Sir Victor
Horsley, London's -celebrated
surgeon, says: "It is ',probably
not realized by many tha.t very
small doses of any drink'con
taining alcohol, constantly taker
ultimately cause .depression ol
the efficiency of the heart. The
term, "beer-drinkers" heart.' is
one welliknown to the physic
Asmadae hositals and in
dlue to dilation, accompamea Dy
some increase of tissue and of
fat. Drs. Baur and Bollinger
found that in Munich one in
every sixteen of 'the hospital
patients died from this disorder.
It is common in Germany-the
land of beer-drinking-and
proves incontestably that the
habit of drinking even such a
mild alcoholic beverage as 'lager
beer' is one that is uidesirable
and unwise."
Another English physician,
Dr. Clement Dukes, says:
6'Beer is a drug which deadens
the will power and excites the
animal instinct of the young.
Its relations therefore to im
morality is most momentous."
Dr. S. H. Burgen, a medical
practioner of many years' stand!
ing in Toledo, 0., says that beer
drinkers are absolutely the
most dangerous class of subjects
a surgeon can operate on. He
makes the statement. "Insig
nificant scratches are liable to
develop a long train of danger
ous troubles. Sometimes deli
rium tremens results from a
small hurt. It is dangerous for
a beer drinker to even cut his
finger. All surgeons hesitate jo
perform operations on a !2eer
drinker that they would nder
take with the est confi
dence on any e else.
"I thin1" beer kills quicker
than a other liquor. My at
tenti was first called to its in
us effects when I began ex
amin'g for life insurance. I
passed as unusually good. risks
five Ge 1ans, young business
men, w sqeemed in the best
health, and to - . superb con
stitutions. In a fe nrs I
was amazed to see the who
five drop off, one after another,
with what ought to have. been
mild and easily curable diseases.
On comparing my experiences
with those of other physicians,
I found they were all having
similar luck with confirmed
beer drinkers, and my practice
since has heaped- confirmation.
"'The first organ to be attack
ed is the kidneys; the liver soon
sympathizes, and then. comes,
most frequently, dropsy or
Bright's disease, both certain,
to end fatally. The beer drink-)
er seems incapable of recovering L
from mild disorders and injuries
not usually regarded of a grave
character. Pneumonia, pleurisy
severs, etc., seem to have a first
mortgage on him, which. they
foreclose remorselessly at an
early opportunity I do not re
gard beer drinking as safe for
anyone, It is a dangerous, ag
gressive evil that no one can
tamper with, with any safety
to himself."
Stata of S.outh Carolina,
Counity of Pickens.
By J. B. Newbery, Probate Judge.
Whe'reas, Carlisle Newton and E. J.
H ster made suit to me to grant them
letters of Administration with the will
annexed of the Estate and effects of
Sarah A. Alexander.
Th-ee are therefore. to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred and
creditors of the said Sarah A. Alexander
deceased, that they be and appear before
me. in the Court of Probate, to be held
at Pickens on the 9t h day of No\.
111 next, after publication hereof, at 11
oclock in the forenoon, to showv cause,
if ;w. :lhey have, wh the said adminis
trationu .hould not be granted.
Given, under my hand this 24 day of
Oct. Aumno Domini 1911.
J. 8. Newberry,
J. P. P. c.
ate of South Carol'na,
County of Pickens,
In Court of Common Pleas.
Uat ti. Gaston Garrett. et al,
Fanie Gaston. ot at.
In pursuance Ot a 'eCretal order made
in the above stated case .y his Honor
Judge Gen. E. Piinee at his chamber at
Ande so'u. S. C. date'd Oct. 25, 1911, and
on file in the Clerk's ofli<e for Pickens
o >unty. I will s-11 to tie h.e hest hidder
before the c..urt house (der at Pickens,
. C derrg the legal hours for sale on
sr les i.y in December 1911 the following
deer:I tp real estate to wit:
.d .hat pi-o p-irre:. or tract of land
si; u- i. b. iu :mrd' be.i'g in Picke-ns coun
tv contaimno eight g) acres more or
lss accnrding to a survey and plat of
sawme made by J. P. A ttaway, Surveyor,
dated Sept. 10, 1906 to which plat refer
ene us hereby made for a more com
plete description said land is bounded by
Ferguson, Looper and Holder land and
being the home place of Kimsey Gaston
at the time of his death.
Terms of sale. o e half (1) cash on day
of sale the credit potion payable in one
year from day of sale and to be secured
by bo.na of the purshaser and mortgage
of the premises with leave to the pur
chaser to pay all cash or to anticipate
payment the credit portion to bear in
Itere st from day of sale at the rate of
eight per cent per annum.
Purchaser Eto comply with the terms
of sP.itwithin one hour or the premis4.
will be resold at the risk of the former
Pnreh osr to
(Prickly Ash; Poke Root and Pothniese . -
Prompt Powerful PanF'
Nt beneficWa ef- Stubborncss odr:aas
fects are -usualy yield to P. P. P. -
felt very quickly when othermedi- yo4uto ced --
cnes are useless
Makes rich, red, pure blood-cleanses the
system-clears the -brain--strengthens digestoioand
A positive specific for Blood Poison and skind -
Drives out Rheumatism and Stops the Pain; ens
is a wonderful tonic and body-btilder Thousands
F. V. L#PW y A
Sold by Piekens Drug CO.
Bargains In 8&aea
We have a lot of odds and.
n shoes that we are offering,
rrea.t sacrifice. Come and
hem over and if you can get
6rany mem o
an save money.
Let the Chickens and
rome along and all the money
an spare.
One-price. Cash Merch
This space 1R
The man who furnishes Square Meals on short
notice and at right prices.
Open Day and Night to Serve You.
Fresh Fish Every Week.
Leave your orders or call and see us.
West End Greenvile
I am now full-up on all lines
Dry Goods, Underwear,
Hosiery, Ge t~ihings,
Blankets, Quilts, etc I have
shoes to suit all people ad p
es. I have the same old motto:
"Same Goods for
Less Money.
- My prices SHALL be in keeping
with the-low~price of cotton. I
promise full value for your mon
ey~or your money back. My
old customers know that I make
all statements GooD. Those who
have never traded with me
come and see whatlIcan do f
A Nervous Woman FindsGPACCA
Relief After Many Years ( n
Women who suffer from extreme
nervousness, often nridure n-uch
sfing hichoe says: n rlif
sufrn eoefnigayrle.iMrs. Daniel Kintner, of Defiance, Bu rne lu n onIo
., had such an experience, regard
"I bad stomach OFO:17 antet
- trouble when I was GRNVLEs.. -
eighteen .years old
that -broke down ,u.308 --
\ my health, and for _______________
years I suffered
-~ '... with nervousnessI ~ * a r.ni'.
headache, indiges- lU
tion and nervous Al esa odn cameaa
spasms. Thueetoftet8.Pkil~l
* spasms got so bad sn tesm u~W~ A9~lP
ii I would have em
/ three or four ~ es th
Sa week. After try-dbre amnal~lPSU
I44 ing ne.lyeveryedtsadeaemstae
-mended,I desge
Nervine, and I must say It helped al .nebeda
wonderfully. Ibhave had no severe nerv
ourness for several years."__________________
Many remedies are recbommended C STOR
for dliseases of the nervous system PrIlU5
that fail to produce results because~ DiY fa '. i
they do not reach the seat of the
trouble. Dr. Miles' Nervine has Bertb
proven its value in such cases 80so gaueo
many times that it is unnecessary
to make claims for it. You can
prove its merits for yourself by f~5?F?~ I'
ge:tng a bottle of your druggist,
who will rteturn--~Th-rce. if Y yo
rhaivff benefit.yucn O

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