Newspaper Page Text
A five-horse evener.
side hole. The main hole would then
need to be in the center. This is
U-1 ing an evener so as to drive
six horses abreast. if you are plan
zing on using two or three horses In
te lead, a different arrangement will
haVe to be made.
GROWING SOY BEANS
Fred E. Moyer, Buffton, Ohio, writes
"Please give me information how to
SOW soy beans. I would like to have
them in rows far enought apart so I
Can - cultivate them. Please state
amount of seed per acre."
SOY beans are used very extensively
for haying purposes throughout Ohio.
Together with cowpeas, soy beans
Ill a very important place in crop ro
tation, and make a good hay crop, be
CaUse if an early crop should fail or
partially fall. It is possible to grow a
crop of soy beans during the summer
B2 ths. One of the chief objections to
soy beans as a hay crop is that the
stems become very fibrous or woody
unless. harvested early.
Soy beans make a very good silage
arop when mixed with corn. The
best results can be obtained by using
two parts of corn to one of soy beans.
The Ohio experiment station has
found that best results are obtained
when these two crops are grown separ
ately..and mixed at the time of filling
the slo, putting in two loads of corn
and then one load of soy beans
For soiling purposes soy beans do
very well, mainly because they come
on later than oats, rye, and other crops
used for this purpose. Also, because
the- plant, it stands a
at hot weather.
Soy~beans, being similar to the other
sguminous crops, improve the soil by
gathering nitrogen from the air. If
soy beans or clovers have not been
grown on the dield previously, the soy
beana-will not, or are aptunot to do so
well the first year. The presence of
soil bacteria is necessary to obtain the
best results. This bacteria seems to
be present in more desirable quan
-s after the beans have been grown
a'same field at least one year.
There are a number or varieties that
are grown very successfully in Ohio.
but.the medium green is the best and
most .widely grown. It requires from
ninety to one hundred days for matur
ing. It is a very good crop for pro
ducing hay, but, on the other hand.
must' be handled with care or it will
*shatter its seed very badly. The Ito
San is an extensively used variety. It
is ten to ft-. days earlier than the
medinm gaeen, but does not yield as
much.-seed, nor Is it as satisfactory
for hay as medium green. There are
several other varities, such as me
.dium yellow, medium early black, and
medium brown, but the two mem
,,ioned above are the best.
-The soy bean requires a seed bed
*similar to that of corn. It will pro
duce larger yields of forage on fertile
sols,. but seems to produce more seed
on soils that are only medium in fer
tility. The application of stable ma
'nure Is very profitable for growing
In seeding soy beans, if for raising
they should be drilled In
rows twenty-four to thirty inches
apart, which is wide enough to enable
them to be cultivated. If grown for
forage only, or for green manuring
purposes, they are usually drilled eight
inches apart by the use of the common
grain drill. The Ohid experiment
*tation has not found a wide variance
iforage production between fields
where the beans were drilled eight
inches apart as compared with those
drilled twenty - four Inches apart.
When drilled eight inches apart, the
stalks do not grow as large, and for
this reason seem to make a little bet
ter quality of hay than when drilled
In wider rows.
With the rows twenty-eight to thirty
Inches apart, It requires about one-half
bushel of seed to the acre: two foot
rows require about three pecks, and if
dried solid, from one and one-half to
two bushels to the acre.
The tillage implements used for cul
tivating soy beans are similar to those
used for corn. In some cases the
weeder has given very good satisfac
tion, but usually the one-horse harrow
tooth cultivator is used. All cultiva
tione should be shallow and level.
-'When harvesting for hay, the soy
beans should be cut just as soon as the
pods begin to form, for two reasons
first, to preserve the leaves, which is
the most important part of forage
purposes, and second, the stem Is not
so woody at this stage of the plant's
growth. If the plants are left until
the beans are matured, the stems are
very woody and of little value for hay.
If the plant is to be used for silage
purp< :es. it may be permitted to stand
until it is more mature and yet make
When cutting for seed, it is neces
gary to .barvest before the seeds are
ripe, so as to prevent losing a large
portion of the seeds by shattering.
The mowing machine and the hay
rake are the best Implements for har
vesting the soy Waans. There have
been some special machines designed
~,or this purpose. but they have not
-proven satisfacy -,. When threashing
for seed, the ore 'tary threshing ma
chine will handle the work satisfactor
11y, but should be run at a very moder
ate speed with the concaves blank.
A little more grain, pesty. of good
hay, ~aa the taroagh use of ibe curi.,
comb and brush is about the only
whip that most farm horses need.
'The fact that~paish peanuts wIll
produce good crops on comparatively
poor land when well fertuized and
iteply to Nathan Ringger, GroVer
"How is rape as a cattle feed for
milch cows, and what time is best to
sow? How are soy beans for cattle,
and what ta the time to sow . here? 1
Would like to know if alfalfa makes a
good pasture if sowed for milch cows,
as the clover is all frozen out here this
Rape is best adapted to cool cli
mates, but still does exceptionally well
in a very wide range of latitude. It
has been grown successfully in parts I
of Mississippi. and all the way north I
into Canada. It does best and de- i
velops the most rapidly on rich, moist,
loamy soils, although it will do fairly
well on light, sandy soi*s if they are in
a good state of cultivation. Rape is a
very heavy feeder, and requires a great
deal of moisture. It also utilizes a
considerable amout of nitrogen as
well as mineral plant food elements.
It requires practically the same plant
feed as corn, in very nearly the same I
porportions, and for this reason *corn
does not do so well following rape as 4
some other crops, for instance, wheat.
The soil should be prepared in much 1
the same way as for corn; in other 1
wors. it should be in a good state of
cultivation before planting the rape.
There are several ways of planting I
this crop, depending upon conditions. t
Some farmers prefer to drill it in rows
and cultivate ti. This method is not
generally followed, but gives very good
satisfaction. The usual method is to
sow broadcast some time along from t
the first of May to the middle of July,
either on land specially prepared, on
land followine an early crop. or in tlh
growing corn field. The usual amount
of seed required per acre varies from
four to five pounds.
Under favorable conditions, rape is
ready for pasture from fifty to seventy
days after sowing. We have known
of instances where it would afford
good pasture six weeks after planting
-but this is unusual.
Rape has a very high feeding value,
and is considered an excelent feed for
fattening sheep and swine. It gre:itly
increases the flow of milk from milch
cows. Some farmers object to it be
cause they claim it taints the milk.
To overcome this objection. it is well
to feed rape after milking. It is a
very valuable feed for other stock.
Sheep and hogs are usually better than
other kinds of stock for pasturing on
rape. The best way to feed cattle and
horses is to use rape as a soiling
In several states they have experi
mented with mixing rape with oats or
wheat, and have succeeded very well.
In Iowa a pound of rape was sowed
per acre about ten days after seeding
the oats. The rape interfered fo
some extent in harvesting the oats,
but probably would not have caused
any trouble if it had been sowed three
weeks after the oats were planted. If I
the land is very poor. it probably
would be best to sow the rape with I
the small grain.
SpeakinZ of the use of soy beans.,
will say that this cron i' crown ver'
succesfully in parts of Ohio, and ranks
very close to clovers and alfalfa for ~
hay. The variety known as medium C
green will mature seed in from ninety
to one hundred days. and is considered
about the best variety for most locali- I
ties. The Ito San is a quicker mattur- E
ig variety than the medium green, C
but does not produce quite as mucht
forage to the acre nor quite as many a
peas under the same conditions f
Among the other varieties are the
medium yellow and the medium t
early black, but these are not as gen- r
erally grown as the onds mentioned
If you expect to grow soy beans for il
seed. the best success can be obtained d
by drilling In rows from twenty-eight i:
to thirty inches apart. This will re- y~
quire about a halt bushel of seed to a
the acre; when drilled twenty-four i
inches ap~art, three-quarters of a lF
-bushel oi seed; and, when drilled with 11
the ordinary grain drill, seven or eight p
Inches apart. it will require about two f<
bushels of seed to the acre. When v
drilled as close as seven or eight e
Inches the hay produced is of a bett-er
quality, not being so coarse as when b
the rows are wider. From the stand- ti
point of the production of forage, zi
there is not a great deal of difference c
In the, yield per acre, whether the ~
rows are drilled eight inches apart or c
There may be some trouble in cur- Tj
in soy bean hay, but If the weather c
onditions are favorable, there need u
be no loss while curing. Soy beans as
a crop do very well in ordinary soils,
but will respond much better if the
seed bed is thoroughly prepared. This
plant is a shallow feeder, and thus will a
do better in fielde that have been Ii
thoroughly cultivated than it will -h
under ordinary conditions.
Speaking of alfalfa for pastuare, will
say that alfalfa sowed this spring
should not be pastured before at least ti
ayear from this summer, and pre
ferably a year from next fall, so you n
cannot hope for any pasture from d
falfala this coming season. For pas- E
ture under the condition you give, the L
growing of rape or some of the cereals SI
combined with rape, is probably about tl
as good a thing as you can figure e
on at this time. si
Deep cultivation of corn is not In Se
any way an insurance that the yield
wll be good; In fact, after the first w
eutivation deep tillage is injurious to bi
corn. The feeding roots as a usual is
thing lie very close to the surface and tI
deep cultivation injures and teals W
thse roots to such an extent as to T
derease the yield of corn. After the s<
first time over, shallow cultivation will fi
ive the best results. ti
Reply to an Inquiry from a Kentucky a
Through our branch office at Newt
Albany, Indiana, we have been re- I
quested to furnish you information re
garding cowpeas for hay. In comply
in with this request will say that
we are always Pleased to furnish such 0
afformation whenever it is desired.
We will cover the subject in a ren
eal way, but if there is any specific vi
phase of it about which you desire
further information will be pleased to
take it up on hearing from you.
Authorities agree that cowpea~ 1ay t
is avery vauable forage crop, ranging i
closeto clover and alfalfa, and is (-on- fa
sdred better than timothy. Some
stockraisers use their cowpea hay F1
for feeding cattle and sheep but prefer ti<
timthy and other grasses for feeding b4
horse, claiming that they are better t
tor horses than a leguminous crop. le
In ome cases this may be true. but cr
cowpea hay. clo' er hay, etc., are fed Sc
ittegenerally to work horses and
The time for seeding ranges from St
unie or J11 :;;epe ing upon ioca
lon: in the t1ioude- 6f Kentucky be
wet the firm of May ;and the middlD
t June is ustally configered the bes1
ime for planting 6o*a. However
ven when planted later than this the]
ive very satisfactorf' rgturns. Th
ne thing to watch out fo.r ,is to plan1
ate enough to avoid danger from cold
vather in the spring. A few cold
lays after the cowpeas are up mnay d<
erious damage by stunting the plants
rhe ground should be in first-class
:ondition, and should be tho-ougbly
varm before the seed is planted.
The method of planting depends
omewhat on the purpose for whick
he peas are to be used. If grown foi
ay. the peas may be drilled by the
ise of a corn drill at the rate o
our or five pecks to the acre. Some,
owever, prefer to put in as high as
wo bushels. This latter quantity
ill give a little fiaer texture of hay,
iut will not yield as many peas as 11
own in smaller quantities.
A corn drill is often used by plug
ing up a number of the delivery
pouts, and in this way drilling the
ows about 32 inches apart. The corm
>anter is used in som. cases, and the
>eas are cultivated the same as
Irilled corn, or the rows may be
louble, thereby making the distance
>etween them just one-half as wide as
>etween the rows of corn,
Cowpeas are often sown broadcat
nd give very good results when sows
n this way. It requires more seed
han if the drill is used. This method
s never used when the crop is grows
or seed. Cowpeas are also often
own with corn the last time of culti
ation. This is perhaps because of
he effect the cowpeas have on the
uilding up of the soil.
The principal difficulty In growing
owpea hay is that which comes from
uring the same. In some cases the
rixture of cowpeas with some other
rop Is easier to grow than cowpeas
lone. It was found at the Alabama
xperimental station that Whippoor
ill cowpeas oombned with German
illet grow a good forage crop. There
s some difference in the time of ma
uring of these two crops, but is not
:reat enough to seriously affect the
esults. This exeprimental station
ecommends the growing of German
illet with the cowpeas as a means
f aiding the curing'of same.
In harvesting cowpeas for bay, care
bould be exercised to handle the crop
o that the leaves will not be lost.
'his part of the plant is very nutri
ous, and the usual method, and one
hat has given fair satisfacticn, is to
ut the peas with a mower early in
he morning when the season is favor
ble, then stir up by the use of a hay
edder as soon as the tops have be
ome well wilted. If no tedder is
vailable, the hay should be raked in
o windrows, and allowed to remain in
his condition until the exposed parts
rc thoroughly cured. but-not until the
eaves will break off. It should then
e shocked in small cocks, and al
Dwed to stand In this condition for
wo or three days If the weather will
The use of canvas covers for hay
ocks during the wet weather has been
ound to be very satisfactory, but it
salso rather expensive. Cowpea hay
hould not be stored unless it is thor
ughly cured, because if stored before,
tis apt to become mouldy and spoil.
Cowpeas should be cut for hay when
he leaves begin to turn yellow. The
ore mature the plant, the easier and
uicker will the hay be cured, and, on
e other hand, if the plants are green
longer time will be necessary to' cure
Under favorable conditions it has
e n found that the length of time
e~ired to mature peas after sowing
aries to some extent, but generally
be Varren New Hybrid will mature
67 days; Warren Extra Early in 62
ys; Whippoorwill in 80 days; Taylor
90 days; Cla-y in 97 days. This will
ary somewhat in different localities
nd on different kind of soil, but will
>rm a basis on which to compute the
mgth of season required for produc
ig cowpea hay. The New Era, Whip
oorwill and Wonderful have been
und to be the best adapted to har
est with the mower, because of the
rectness of the plants.
In some sections cowpea hay is cured
y using a pole set mn an upright posi
on across which a number of hori
ntal bars are nailed. The green
wpea hay is piled 'up around this
ole. and covered by using cither a
anvas cover, or some other similar
ateial, often not covered. at all.
his is a rather expensive way of
aring cowpea hay, but the results
sually are very satisfactory.
C. B. Waller, Athol, Ky., writes 'us
follows: "Can you give me some
bforation on the velvet bean-that
.will it mature in this locality, how
~ould it be planted, and what fertil
er will give best results?"
The velvet bean is a trailing legume,
e vines growing from ten to fifty
'et long. Its great value as a green
anuring and forage plant has l-een
[scovered within the last two years.
xpeiments at the Alabama, Florida,
ousana and Mississippi experiment
ations show that for the lower half of
Le Gulf States, the velvet bean is
lual in value to the cowpea and for
>me purpose is much better. North
latitude 32 degrees, the seed will
The experience thus far .obtained
ith this crop would Indicate that the
est method of growing velvet beans
to plant them in every third row of
e corn field. Skip every third row
hen planting the corn early in March.
e corn must be planted early enough
that the beans may be planted suf
en~tly early to mature seed and at
e same time not interfere with the
ltivation of the corn.
Plant two or three beans In hills
lout thrce feet apart on the skipped
*ws about April 15. The wines will
t interfere with the cultivition of
e corn until it is time to give it the
The rows on which the velvet beans
e planted should be fertilized with
out 100 pounds per acre of a mixture
1,500 pounds of acid phosphate and
0 pounds of kainit.
It is seldom advisable to save the
nes for hay. It is a grazIng crop.
e beans are often harvested and fed
stock, but it generally pays better
allow all kinds of stock to graze off
e beans and vines. Turn the stock
after the first heavy frost in the
The result obtained ~at the Alabama,
crida. Louisiana and Mississippi sta.
>ns show the great value of velvet
ens as a green manure. Even where
seed will not mature, no better
uminous crop can be grown to in
ease the humus and nitrogen in the
For detailed Information see Ala.
p. Sta. Buls. 104 and 120: f'la. Exp.
a. 60: 1'. S. Dept. Farmers' Ed. 102
.d the M2 w .xn. Sta. En1
MONEY M HAY STACK.
o6fdi FoddeF asplendid Substitute for
kay-Othdr-o Forage 'Crops Valu
ibfez -Hgy Prices Promise
to Remain Good.
By J. E. Waggoner, of I. H. C. Ser
. Pew farmers realize the importance
Of studying the reports sent out by
the U. S. Department of Agriculture
in making their plans for the future.
It seems that the old habits cling to
us, and we year after year sow or
plant corn, oats, wheat, barley, etc.,
without any special concern regarding
what the future price may be as based
upon the supply carried over from the
year before. This method of farming
certainly does not show a practical
application of business principles to
agriculture. There are reasons, per
haps, for this indifference in planning
our farm operations. Farm lands
have been increasing in value very
rapidly, also farm products, and it has
not been necessary for the farmer to
figure-so closely as the business man
In order to make a profit on his prod
ucts, nevertheless the man who does
meets with tlie greatest success. Very
few and perhaps no other line of busi
ness could be engaged in successfully
without a careful study of the condi
tions of that business. Just recently,
the writer knew of a 'case where a coal
dealer had planned to go into business
for himself the first of March, but
after he had resigned his position he
began studying conditions and found
that a coal strike was inevitable. A
strike of this kind, to a man just start
ing in business, would be extremely
disastrous and probably result in fail
ure-a fate which this man avoided
by studying conditions.
Every farmer should study carefully
the reports, facts and figures sent out
by the U. S. Department of Agri
culture. We find in going over the
records that the farm value of $14.64
per ton for hay in 1911 was higher
than has ever occurred before in the
history of the U. S. Department of
Agriculture. At no other time, ex
cepting ki 1871. did the price any
where near approach the price for
1911. At that time it was $14.30 per
ton on the farm.
Farm Value Production
per ton in tons
1908 ......$ 8.98 70,798.000
1909 ...... 10.62 64,938,000
1910 ...... 12.26 60,978,000
1911 ...... 14.64 47,444,000
A careful study of this table will
shQw that the yield for 1908 exceeded
by several million tons the yield of
any other year for which we have a
recod. Te prce a
alouuulylw I 99tespl
*'l f cosdrbyan0h rc
advaced Th sae i tre i 190,
whil in 911ther wasa dcreae'o
nealy 3,00,00 tns vertheyea
1910 andthe riceincrase mate
rialy. Tis sows hat he. ric
varis t a mrke extnd n acord
incewiththesuppy ad deand
rcorbnd. Th prie fat thstime ae
upalssehuha unusually low.nr90 h spl
feedl o consierabl anud thendice
hilt1 there wunsa dcasit of
11andhouh the riceicurea mate
rictsy. Thist sow s hat thendric
vies to a marda extend hundared-o
ancer bawi rpte the supl otdeand.os
>fther cssver hayd in 1908 wases,
doutedla isrmal Mapngfare
price patd as lohigu duringpe 1on09o
Taad he cudietion bane hy pro
uol of hhay $40. thecting fwithers
coinest the act that w ote nave
jus ased hrugt an unusuially imos
andbevere wulyinewhch the fauctua
eeds nlos commernt, woldinate
Tht thayero is diffrnua scrcit soe
hay throuhout farm grcutura dottos,
orcs exml.Iate prig is notaodu
farms hnsally reporte th toaloss
ofrthiiricltoe tad, in mnyin cae
aorafe the alf als.ear's arersil
he pai.du ao hihe factp to n for
hayand n the citie ovlestocked.
th the fat that duch to tmednate
ofctameo hant iscurandticll impos
sible too wi aly inlthne them f rua
teiong.f prouctio the one eedynfort
sees itamons ataty hae begin
iht now toig aho next winter.
The phan cosudifrntude somen
ofmte roptfr farage poTs: paoehs.
fnornml. IfThe prost impotatos
fav or, whe eer'as marketpro
usual a. greaeil of oae per-acre
pltedan the taunt overnsuaockab.
Wit thn ayohs crops.a immest
taers anot ccustomd stil lave
feng. meou the conlybu red for
this siutato iesthat thel fameruntgin
ight feed stosfanor nex cutinr
rthee las asoul inue saigowgre
ate which ispoa theualleglecte sorgu
and orn.aryefarm. Thousants
these is cornstalks arerleft wtnipo
dey gear hihwld pl forarr
wit th lae percentg of uustl
nbitefarmer o acutomarht hnd
lin som aofths cropbsde butilaze ft
geact extest al smal arodut oh
cn.fUder andinw honditonsnd
crn then isof the dingau of acra
ace of coenstalks re hsi left stand
eviner fer wich wouldactupaly falllo
secali the weaher oharpens t
Teg in the fedint isnracticllyngn all -
te- otbattgt of Ine farm that iriakes
farming profitable. The writer was
recently in one of the large factories,
and was impressed with the strict
principles of economy which were
followed. One operation in the manu
facture of a binder is The testing of
the binder head. This requires the
use of twine with which most farmers
are familiar. The operator is this test
carefully saved every inch of twine,
which was transferred to another de
partment and utilized for tying ship
ping sacks and for other purposes. If
it is necessary for big manufacturing
companies to be so economical in order
to make a profit, it is more important
that the farmer should adopt like
principles which will enable him to
reap greater benefits and more profit
from his land.
Speculation is what might be termed
dealing In futures. or a business trans
action of a hazardous, uncertain or
unusual nature with the hope of real
Izing unusual profits therefrom. The
farmer who plans now to supply forage
in the form of corn fodder, millet, etc.,
and prepares to place on the market a
good supply of marketable hay Is not
Indulging in speculation In the least,
for government figures combined with
unusual weather conditions show that
there is and will continue to be for
some time to come, a scarcity of
hay throughout the entire country.
Taking into consideration these con
ditions, it does not seem that the
farmer can make any mistake by plan
ning to utilize his corn in the form of
fodder for rough forage, and to sell
his marketable hay.
A VALUABLE FARM IMPLEMENT
The Disk Harrow Leads Other Imple
ments in Usefulness.
George '%. Logan. Indianapolis, Ind.
If properly understood and used, no
better implement can be used on the
farm than a good disk harrow. This
Information has been gained by actual
experience In the field and from ex
perience (,f the best farmers.
For sowing oats broadcast there is
no better way than to disk the ground,
then sow the oats and disk the ground
again. "The better the seed bed, the
better the crop," is an old adage and
that is why it pays any farmer to disk
his ground before sowing the oats.
All good farmers know that if they
properly prepare their corn ground
before planting, they not only raise a
better crop, but less cultivation is re
quired after the crop is planted. Disk
the ground before plowing, Is a good
plan to follow with any condition of
soil. Suppose the ground is corn stub
ble; the disk successfully cuts the
s;alks, leaving them on the ground
as a fertilizer as well as serving the
purpose of keeping the ground loose.
When plowed, this loose dirt is turn
ad under, and when disked again, a
good seed bed as deep as the furrow
Suppose the ground is a heavy blue
grass or timothy sod: if disked well
efore plowing. it will plo0w better, the
sod will lie flat and not stand up on1
edge causing dry spots on which the
orn willl not grow or be a bother In
after-cultitation. A meadow of blue
grass, timothy. or alfalfa that has
ecome "sod-bound" can be placed In
roper condition better- by the use of
he dIsk harrow than by the use of any
Ver-y often the ground Is dry enough
o allow the top to be worked one or
two inches, but Is too wet to be plow
d: by disking this ground can be put
n proper condition for plowing much
ooner- and the seed bed will also be
mproved. A seed bed wvhich has
een prepared, but which has since
een packed down' by heavy rains,
-an be put in better condition, with
ess expense and time, with the disk
arrow than with any other Imple
The question of size Is important.
Whether It should be a four, five, six,
seven, or an eight-foot harrow depends
etirely upon the condition of the soil
nd the amount of horse power at the1
farmer's command. Whether the disk
lades should be sixteen, eighteen, or
wenty Inches in diameter is another
matter, Of these three, the 16-inch Is
he proper size, for It will disk the
ground five and one-half or six Inches,
which is as deep as practical, and it
ill cut the ground better and easier
nd has less draught than the larger
izes. A disk Is not a wheel running
ver the ground and carrying a load
ike a wagon: It is a plow, or a spade,
utting and turning the soil.
To better Illustrate, draw three cir
es. one aixteen inches, one eighteen,
nd one twenty inches In diameter;
hen draw a straight line across each
> them,-say four inches from the
dge: which ene of these three circles
will riuire the~ most weight to put it
n the ground no to the line? Which
ne will ha'.e uM - largest body of dirt
o move at one re.olution? WVhich one
ill sti- .he ground best on account of
peed? Then consider that on the disk
arrow there are eight, ten, twelve,
ourteen or sixteen of these circles.
Lok at it fr-om another standpoint.
oes not the front wheel of a wagon.
when loaded equally. (eut depper in the
round than the hind wheel, and does
t not break or cut a rai- in two that
he hind wheel will almost jump over
The 20-inch disk harrow is some
imes nnsatisfactory and the farmer
who has made the mistake of inv-esting
n a harrow not adapted to his s'iil gets
n entirely wrung pfii of is uIsP- Z
~ulness. The owner of a good disk
arrow finds it the best implement
hat can be used on the farm.
eply to W. Bestwick, Mervin, Sask.
'"Will you send me. a description of
ow to make a :1-horse and also a 5
The illust:ation shows the 3-horse ~
~vener In combination with the 5- E
orse. The dimiensions, however, from a
he center hole to the outside holes
re given. also the length of the single
rees. You will note that the ev-ener
s seventy-five inches long, and the
ain hole is thirty inches from
e end and forty-five inches from the a
ther. To miake a 0-horse etener the
ortion "A" will have to be ninety ,
chcs long from outside hole to out
Horse Collars Should Fit.
It Is well worth while to have a per
ect fitting collar for each work horse. Ii
~ollars should not be changed from
ne horse to another unless the collar
fitted to the second hor-s. A good it
ethod of fitting collars is to wet a
1em until they become soft and plia- I
e, then put the collar on the horse
A sharp sickle and plenty of first- si
lass lubricating oil are good insur- L
ne against breakdown and trouble
rth the mowing machine. Better
driledI rs-more mnan suulent to pay
r the additional expense in drilling
Ven you save up for : ralny' day
don't veaken ven it gets f ggy.
Der tincture of oraig'e blossoms
sometimes eures der fntoxication of
Many a young Blue Blood could
chase an ancestor back to a butcher
Keep your face to der vorld, my son,
unddervise der vorld vill make faces
behind your back.
Opportunity alvays vishes to see
you. but chenerally calls after you haf
moved to annuder house.
A good fellow is a man dot spends
money on us so fast dot ve never get
a chance to refuse to spend it on him.
It takes ability to know vare to
plant a Christmas present so dot it viI
bring forth someding more eggspen
Vould you call it goot eggercise ven
a girl runs all her vay to der drug
store to get something to make her
Somebody asked me der meaning of
a. Polygamist, vich is simply a man
dot gets so used to getting married
dot he forgets .t is a crime.
Der knowledge dot ve know so
leedle chenerally comes to us ven It
vas too late to learn.-George V. Ho
bart in Chicago Journal.
SNAPSHOTS AT HUMOR
Most people can find time to find
A sharp appetite can get along with
L dull knife.
It doesn't take an actor to make up
'or lost time.
Long-headed people are seldom
The trouble with the dead beat Is
.hat he never dies.
Many a mighty small man looks
lown on his neighbors.
Some of us are poor because we
iave too many friends.
No man can be truly happy without
L well developed abilityto forget.
Many a man puts up a bluff without
>aying sufficient attention to the foun
Never tell a man just what you
hink of him unlesa you are bigger
han he is.\
Some girls would like to be mar-*
led wIth a brass band. Others still
>refer a gold wedding ring. '
SAID OF WOMEN.
A woman seldom puts off tkll tomor- a
*ow what she can wear today.-"Celt."
If a second censor had to be ap- tI
>ointed it should have been a woman.
-Israel Zangwill. a:
There are three sorts of women:
:oquettes. cocottes and co-eats.-Mme. C
hose (a well-known dressmaker).
A woman always expects you to re
nember her birthday, but she also ex
yects you to forget her age.-A. L.
The Artist-My picture is skied so
hat no one will see It. The Artist's
ife-Cheer up, dear. Perhaps some
No matter how little we love our
ieighbors, we can see no good reason
rhy they shouhin't have a kindly feeI
ng for us.-Ms.
I would not give twopence for her
rho, calling herself a Christian, does
ot commemorate Christ's birthday
avery day and keep sober over it.
FROM THE PENCIL'S POINT
Every man knows better than he
If Ignorance Is bliss, why so many
Poverty would seem easier If It _
rasn't so long drawn out.
Many a man Is credited with things
hat are not to his credit.
Some men commune with the spirits
.nd use a bartender as the medium.
And every mother's son of us ex
ects to strike It rich some day.
Any fool can please a woman, but
ttakes a wise man to keep her
A man doesn't appreciate common
ense In a woman unless he is mar
led to her.
He is truly a devoted husband who
oesn't wince when his wife calls
im pet names In public.
There may be nothing new under
e sun, but almost any modern drug
1st can give you "something just as
THOUGHTS OF LOVE
The modest man is the last to tri
mph over a woman.-Robert Hichens.
Every man is unusual to the girl
'ho Is fond of him.--Horace W. C.
Love is like the measles; it has
Lore power when It attacks one late
Love is a thing to a large extent in
s beginnings voluntary and control
ble, and at last quite involuntary.
Love seeks mutuality, and grows by
L sense and hope of response, or we
ould love beautiful in animate
ings more than we do.-H. G. We~s.
Men like to be comfortable, and the
a has yet to be born who can be
>mfortable on a pedestal. The ordi
try pedestal is too narrow, and the
QEFor fmants amd U1dren.
The Kind You Have
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
sAimatnga Bears the
Opium.Morphine nor Meral
Ation, sour Stlil.Dare or O e
EXct Copy of Wrapper. Tug 06am somuV. muw Vom or.
- _ " SHINGLES
2. No dia--ooherndwhenees
and fire-pra f4 neither
be cla the wood hiL
As to cot no moesthan a
Roos pt o 26yen ao se a god aewtoday, and have msneeinddrepeim.
IIEATil, BRUCE, MORROW (0l., Pickenss S. C~.
)octors Use This for Eczema
Dr Evns ECms sssone~r of Health Presciton for eeiaand nso utel~
een skin diseases and the blood." The itch the instant you apply it.
he germs must be washed out, and so ntobe we would ikto havyo
~1es have long ago been fund wrth- ce to our store fr we have had the
re reerbiaashofwtrren , D...Pescit a nld ho t*"*
iall othe kin disses Thi con .D ild o youta ' ~t
and Is known as D.D.D, Prescription glad to let you have a Si bottle on our
Dr. -Holmes, the welt known skin spe- unles yu iditt it oe the ork.
ait writes: 'I am eo nncd that h For. ta maer aog tra abottel fro
er eem pasqiinte D maarD e the merits of the remedy.
,, enpecrbn h ..D eeyDo into our store anyway and we
~ea rselves youch Zor the D-D.D- WlUinl you all about this great remedy.
Pickens Drug Company
bedules Effectiive Feb. 9, '12 from Easley, S. C.
N. B.--The following schedule figures are published only as informa'ion an i
ARRIVE FROM THlE SOUTH
No.44 ATLANT.L-------------.._2.20 am
Stops to discharge passenigers from Atlanta, or to receive
passengers north of Charlotte.
No. 36 NEW ORLEANS and ATLANTA-.5.4'am
Stops only on Sundays*
No 42 SENECA (Daily except Sunday)._---8.35 am
<40 A TLA MTA ..-.----__...-----.25 pm
BIRMINGHAM and ATLANTA- ..55 pm
' . d barge passengers from Atlanta and to receive
as n f orth of Charlotte.
,ARRiVE FROM THE NORTH
29 NE W YORK and WASBINGTON._-_-._-708 am
Stops to take on passengers for Atlanta and beyod
319 CHA RLOTTE....._- .......-- ..._-_-_-_-_-11.55 am
11 CHARLOTTE..--.-_--_....._-_--_-- __- -.---4.00 pm
41 CHA RLOTTE-...--_-_._....-_-.._-__-_-__-_.9.5pm
For further infor mation apply to Ticket Agent or correspond with
W. R. TABlER, P. &2T. A. J. L. MEEK. A.G. P. A.
Greenvilie. S. C- Atlanta Ga.
,PICKENS, S. C
C APIT AL-- ~ fhJ
AND SURPLUS IJt~V
INTEREST PAID) ON DEPOSITS
J. McD Bruce, President.
L. M. Mauldin, Cashier.
(Prickdy Ash, Po Roo a Potassium) i
P' Prompt Powerful Permanent
*csaevulyedt P. P. P. sigi ue
Makes rich, red, ue blo-en ses teetr
sytm-dastebrain -stregthels digesIeUPadnerves. -
F. V. LIPPMAN, SAVANNAH, CA.
BURRISS METAL SHINGLES AND
GALVANIZED BARN ROOFING
I a thi teiin. for w b ave r ore ho e e re
hert t h hargo tsthan av oth er shingle onthe marke,
a d te e rti ta t p~ ha n a k oueroto rst a
Ioag r ,otra edo and exp ain whcther ha
JOHN L. THORNLEY, Salesman
al ufactured by
J. T. BURRISS & SON, Anderson, S.