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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1911-2016, January 30, 1913, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067671/1913-01-30/ed-1/seq-3/

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PnUTfl CM~L~
Large Number of Bills Introduced In
Both Branches of Legislature.-To
' Take Recess to Attend Corn Show
on South Carolina Day.
Convened 11 o'clock.
Bills introduced.
Governor's fourth message received
and disposed of.
Received invitation to exercises at
the university.
Reccess 11:45 to 1 o'clock.
Joint session on election canvass.
Convened at noon.
Heard special message from gov
ernor asking that newspapers be re
Referred message to the judiciary
committee with companion bill.
Agreed to move plaster model of
state house out of rotunda.
Decided to hold joint assembly for
elections at noon on January 22.
Joint assembly met at 1 o'clock to
canvass election returns.
House committees announced.
Adojurnment at 1:35 p. m. to meet
at noon Friday.
The following appointments for the
session in the house have been an
nounced by Speaker Smith:
J. W. Hamel, Lancaster, assistant
elerk; R. 1. Carwile, Richland, jour
nal clerk; T. Ralph Arnold, Spartan
burg, bill clerk; Calhoun A. Hayes,
Greenwood, general desk assistant.
The following appointments for the
present term were made, by speaker
Smith: Messrs. Jordan, Woodward
and Bannister, doorkeepers; Masters,
Mitchum, Stanley, Moore and Meehan,
Messages were received from the
governor, transmitting the report of
the winding-up commission, one con
taining the resignation of Julius H.
Walker as a trustee of the University
of South Carolina, and a third calling
attention to certain errors in the code.
The report of the governor's wind
ing-up commission was transmitted un
opened and it was necessary for Sen
ator Carilsle to move that the clerk
be authorized to open the report.
The report of James Henry Rice,
chief game warden, was received.
Senator Weston's bill permitting
the swearing in of witnesses in grand
jury rooms was passed to a third
The house received three special
messages from the governor Friday.
The first said that the governor had
transmitted to the senate a copy of
the report of the dispensary winding
up commission. The second informed
the house of the resignation of Julius
H. Walker of Columbia as a member
hiof the board of trustees of the UYni
versity of South Carolina on account
of ill health. The third pointed out
what the governor said were errors
in the acts of 1912. All three mes
sages were received as information
and ordered printed In the journal.
A number of new bills were intro
duced in the house.
The senate was in session Monday
night for 25 minutes following a re
eess of two days. A number of bills
were introduced, messages Nos. 8 and
9 from the governor were received
an dread and the calendar was cleared
so far as possible.
Messages from the governor were
announced a few minutes after the
upper aranch convened. The first of
these relate to the removal of B. J.
Rhame as state bank emminer and
the appointment of H. W. Fraser to
the offce. The second of the two mes
sges transmitted a report of the ex
eentive's expenditures out of his ap
propriation for the enforcement of
law and had to do further with the
refusal of the comptroller general to
pay amounts said to be due W. P.
Beard and P. H. Corley. The two
houses were invited to inspect the
transactions of the comptroller gen
eral's offce and those of the governor
to see whether the latter's office is
or not as effRcient as the former's.
Senator Carlisle's bill permitting
the swearing in of witnesses in grand
jury rooms, a third reading measure,
went over, on motion of Senator Wes
ton, who stated that he wished to
give the matter more consideration.
-Good Use of State Exhibit Property.
In his annual report Commissioner
Watson says that good use has been
made of the state exhibit property
and that it has been brought up to
such a degree of perfection as to
character and variety ~ of material,
that it can be used at such exposi
tions as the coming Panama exposi
tion. He says that provision should
be made for an exposition commission
to secure the proper space at the
San Francisco exposition and that
an appropriation should be made for
the arrangement of the material.
$1 for a year's su
Senator Carlisle's bill permitting a
forman of a grand jury to bring in
bills without the attendance of the
whole jury went to its third reading.
After the introduction of a number
of bills and the clearing of the calen
dar as far as* possible the, senate ad
Convened at 11 o'clock.
Large number of bills introduced,
among them measures providing for
compulsory education and a cotton
warehouse system.
Statement from Senator Tillman
Repaired to house. for inauguration
The senate has accepted, on motion
tf Senator Weston, an invitation, ex
tended the body by Chairman Dre
her of the programme committee, to
take part in and witness the exer
cises incident to "South Carolina day"
during the National Corn exposition
and a recess will be taken at that
.Agreed to allow members of the
Wallace house and ex-members of
the governor.
Agreed to meet in join assembly
Tuesday at noon to ballot for judges of
Ninth and Tenth circuits.
Ordered State house decorated for
National Corn exposition.
Decided to elect Senator Tillman
to United States senate on January
28 at noon.
A number of new bills were intro
duced in the house.
Among the new bills introduced In
the house was one by Mr. Rittenberg
of Charelston to regulate the sale
of liquor in cities of 50,000 and more
inhabitants. The bill, applicable
only to Charleston, would establish
a retail and wholesale high license
system under the original package
provision of the constitution.
W. L. Glaze, a prominent attorney
of Orangeburg, who was a "dark
horse" in the race for judge of the
First" circuit, won out over the other
candidates, being elected on the third
ballot. Joudge Ernest Gary of Colum
bi* -vas re-elect6d to the Fifth circuit.
j.trd work is still ahead for the
senate. Wednesday's session was all
formality. Many bills were introduc
ed, however, and -the calendar was
cleared as to third reading bills dur
ing the brief session.
Senator Beamguard's bill exempt
ing certain citizens of King's Moun
tain and Bethel townships in York
county from 1912 taxes was passed
and ordered sent to the house. Sena
tor Beamgaurd explained that he ask
ed the exemption in view of the dam
age done by storm to crops in the
districts mentioned. Senator Car
lisle's bill relating to the publication
of summons was amended by him and
the measure passed and was ordered
sent to the house.
A number of new bills were Intro
duced in the senate.
The house decided to attend the
National Corn Show on January 28.
South Carolina day, immediately after
the election of B. R. Tillman to the
United States senate.
A favorable report on the bill to
tax water powers was made by the
ways and means commit%e. The au
thor of the bill, Mr. Rembert, asked
that it be recommitted in order to
allow representatives of the Southern
Power company a hearing.
IThe house was memoralized to ap
proiiate $1,500 toward a Confederate
monumtut in Lee county and referr
ed the matter to the ways and means
A number- of new bills were Intro
duced in the house.
An invitation, was accepted to at
tend the opening exercises of the Na
tional Corn exposition Monday after
noon at 4 o'clock. The invitation was
presented by Senat'or Weston on be
half of the exposition authorities.
Quite unexpected was the body's
refusal to adopt the latest resolution
of Representative Miller to decorate
the State house for the occasion. Nu
merous bills were introduced. Sena
tor Appelt introduced a concurrent
resolution, at the request of the adju
tant general, he said, asking the gov
ernor to permit such companies of
the state militia as wish to attend the
inauguration of President Wilson in
Washington in March. The resolution
was adopted, and ordered sent to the
The senate has adjourned until
Monday night at 8 o'clock.
On motion of Mt. Stevenson of
Chesterfld, Congressman Robert Lee
Henry of Texas, the guest of the State
Bar association, was Introduced to the
house Wednesday morning and spoke
briefly, predicting the downfall of the
trusts and the reduction of the tariff
under the reign of the Democrats in
congress. This brilliant member of
congress was vigorously applauded at,
intervals during his speech.
A number of new bills were Intro
duced in the house.
On the Financial Situation.
"The state revenue for 1913 from
taxes estimated and based upon the
present assessment of $291,500,000 at
a rate of 6 1-4 mills on the dollar
would be $1,821,875. To this add the
estimated income from sources other
than taxes of $300,308 and we have
a total estimated revenue of $2,132,.
183." This statement is made by A.
W. Jones, comptroller general, in a
statement to be sent to the general
assembly. The comptroller general
says that the levy of 6 1-4,.mills would
be one-half mill more than last year.
bsrition to The I
Senior South Carolina Senator Has
Aroused Resentment.-it is Thought V
That Legilature May Offer Opposi- r
tion Candidate if Chance Appears. :
Columbia.-A movement having for
its object the defeat of United States C
Senator B. R. Timman is much talked
of. It may reach enough pro
portions to take the shape of defin
nite action, but just at present the
movement has not gotten that fa.
Those behind it are "feeling" their
way cautionsly and will have every
thing mapped out before they launch
the fight which will have for its ob
ject the retiring of Benjamin Ryan
Tillman to private life.
Angered by the charge of Senator
Tillman that they are under control 4
of the railroads certain members of I
the General Assembly are planning to
show their resentment in such a way I
as to be felt. This conclusion is
I drawn from talks heard and from inti- t
mate knowledge of the condtflons.
Those behind the movement must
have some one on whom to center
their strength in order to beat Till- I
man. Some have suggested that for- 1
mer United States Senator John L. E
McLaurin. now representing Marlboro t
county in the state Senate, would be i
the man. He was driven out of pub- 1
lic life by Senator Tillman and for I
several years has been in retirement, I
emerging to take-the place in the 2
state Senate made vacant by the r
death of Senator Green.
But Senator McLaurin Is persona 9
non grata to a large part of the Gener- t
al Assembly on account of his politi- r
cal record while in the United States I
Senate, and therefore his candidacy 1
might lack sufficient strength. I
Another suggestion is that Asso- c
ciate Justice R. C. Watts be voted for i
instead of Senator Tillman, this of s
course without Justice Watts' knowl- 2
edge, and it is known that these
plans have not been even whispered
to him.
New Sinking Fund Commission.
Columbia.-That the action of sink
ing fund commission, in going under t
a resolution adopted last December t
providing for the refunding of the i
state bonds, was illegal, in that the
commission was without a quorum, is
the substance of an opinion submit
ted to the new sinking fund commis
sion by Attorney General Peebles.
Mr. Peebles held that Mr. L. 3. Brown
ing's term as chairman of the ways
and means committee had expired on
the first Monday after the election In
November, citing the constitutional
provision, and also a rule of the
House, which says that standing com
mittees hold only until the next gen
eral election.
South Carolina New Enterprises.
Columbia.--The secretary of state
has issued a commission to The
Times Publishing Company of Char
leston with a capital stock of $1,000. ~
The petitioners are C. W. Crouch and ~
W. B. Wilbur. A charter has been ~
Issued to Fallaw & Allison company
of Columbia with a capital stock of
$6,750. The officers are: W. H. ~
Driggers, president; E. L. Allison,
secretary, and F. 0. Fallaw., treasurer.
A commission has been issued to the1
Cherokee Commission company or ~
Gaffney with a capital stock of $10,
Of Interest to Farmers of State.
Columbia. - W. 3. McKinnon, a 1
Rihland county farmer, made a net i
profit of $1,265 on 70 acres of land, 1
according to a statement filed with t
the South Carolina Corn Growers' As. a
socation. Mr. McKinnon says that 1
no commercial fertilizers, compost or 1:
plant foods of any description were
used. The statement shows the far- 1
mers of South Carolina that there is t
not only a living in growing corn, but s
that there is money in farming with- f
out planting cotton. I:
Road Survey in Abbevilte. a
Abbeville.-Hennanl L. Arbenz, a '
good roads expert of the United States '
department of agriculture, is in Ab- Il
beville making a survey of the coun- I
ty roads, with the purpose of aiding
the authorities In determining j'tbe D
best method of improving the roads. j
Mr. Arbenz has mapped out a system h
of highways connecting the county o
seat with all important points in the t
county, including belt lines intended C
to be used as cconnecting links for the E
trunk lines. This system will call a
for about 300 miles of roadways. I
Hookworm Campaign in Laurens. C
Laurens.-Dr. F. M. Routh of the
state board of health, is conducting
a hookworm campaign in Laurens o
county. Dr. Routh, working in con- b
junction with local physicians, spends
one day at each of the points where 11
dispensaries have been located, and ti
in addition to making examinations D
of all patients, he visits the surround- 11
ing schools and lectures on the sub- q
ject of hookworm treatment, its t:
causes and effects. The campaign 'V
will continue six weeks. s
ickens Sentinel is
,ats News of Generat Illte That
Has Bee CoIlected From May
Tows and Counties.
Cohunbi.---Tbe fst anmal mo8t
Ig of the South Cro3na Pfant Breed
rs' Association was held Tuesday,
anuary 28. This is considered a
ery important movement in the do.
elopmerit -6f the agricultural inter
Orangeburg. - George W. Hinckle,
rho resides 1i the Four Holes section
f Orangeburig county, suffered a se
ious acident at his saw mill recent
r. He was struck by a piece of
&ber which broke nearly all of his
ibs in his left side of -the body.
Columbia. - The hearing on the
:harleston Medical College bill took
ace re;ently before the joint com
xittee of- fian[ce and medical affairs
nd as there was not a fuu meeting
f the committee no vote was taken
nd the mttgr will be considered at
e next meetig. of these committees.
rs. Robert'W11son, Jr.; Lane Mullal
F and others-were here in the inter
st of this measure.
ClbIa.-Andrew Patterson, Jr.,
upervisor for Ricband county. will
3 the fitme cover his roads in an
xtomobile. He will cover more
round, In other words, for recently
e counl; board of commissioners
archased a flie-passenger touring car
or the supervisor's use. In addition
o this the board purchased new tents
or the chaih gang and a new road
Columbia. , Charleston Presbytery
eld a cal meeting at Columbia Theo
Dgcal Semnary recently and receiv
d under its care, as a candidate for
e zinistry, J. S. Lyon, Jr., of Louis
ille, Ky.; wh9 is at present a men
er of the junipr class at the Colum
da Theological Seminary. Mr. Lyon
s a son of Dr. J. S. Lyon. the distin
nished pastor of the First Presbyte
lan chbrch. Louisville, Ky.
Celumba.-During the corn expo
tion. beginning Monday, there will
e several dajs of special interest to
iembers of the Farmers' Union. The
resident and the secretary of the
tate FarmerF Union have addressed
etters u4lig the members of that
rganizatien .and all other farmers,
rho can make it convenient to do
o, to come to Columbia on January
8, 29, 30 and 31st.
Lexington.-At a meeting of the do
esitors of the Peopv's bank of Lees
ille, whicf closed its doors Novem
er 27, .held- in the town hall at Lees
ille sevena ays ago, the depositors
kecided to accept a compromise from
he realtives of Dr. E. 1. Etberedge,
he former president of the defanet
stitution, whose indebtedness to the
ank amounts to about $18,000. This
aeans, It is understood, that the de
sitors will receive 50 cents on the
Rock Hil.-Despite the bad weath
r the gena assembly of South Car
lina was well entertained at WIn
hrop College and seemed to enjoy the
lay very much. A sumptuous dinner
ras served them In the elegant din
ng room of -the college after which a
Lumber of toats were responded to,
ov. Cole L. Blease, who was on the
rogram to respond' to the toast
South Carolina" did not come, and
enator Varner of Oconee county re
poded to same.
Wahngton --The house committee
a military a.ffars reported favorably
he bill to restore Gibbes Lykes to a
econd leutenancy in the army after
full and frank statement of the case
my Representative Lever. W. Lykes,
ather of the young man was present
rhen the vote was taken, and while
.e realizes that the prospects of pass
ag the bill at this session are slight
account of songested condition of
he calendar, he goes away feeling
hat a victory has been won for his
Washigton.-Mr. John 3. McMas
an, of Columbia, former state super
atendent of education for South Caro
na and one of that state's presiden
il electors In the last tw.o elections
rrived here as the messenger to con
-ey the electoral vote of South Caro
na to the president of the senate.
'his duty Mr. McMahan performed
ithout mishap of any sort, and Sena
or Gallinger, who is president of the
enate for the time being, has the of
cial document securely in his keep
Union.-The family of B. Berlin had
narrow escape from death by fire,
rhen his house with all its contents
rs burned to the ground. A boarder
amed Isherow came near being
urned to death also.
Greenwood.-Col. F. N. K. Bailey,1
resident of the South Carolina Co
iducational Institute at Edgefield,
as accepted Greenwood's flattering
ffer to inove the school here, and its
wenty-third session will begin in
lreenwood next September. The co
ducational feature will be eliminated
d the name changed to the Bailey
[litary Institute.
Aiken.-The women of the Alken
ounty Hospital Association have
uring the past three or four months
aised more than $500 toward swell
g the fund for the erection in.Aiken
f a modern and thoroughly equipped
Maesville-The tobacco growing
idustry is to be revived in this see
on after lying dormant for a good
xany years. The farmers are being
iterested in planting tobacco, and
uite a number have already under
tken the preparations for the culti
a.tion of the crop during the present
a good investmenl
Complete Review of Happenings of
Greatest Interest From All
Parts of World.
It costs $205.54 a year for the main
tenance of each prisoner, according to
the eleventh annual report of the
United States penitnentiary near At
lanta, Ga., completed for the fiecal
year ending June 30, 1912.
The "Dixie Flyer," a famous tour
ist train, Chicago to Jacksonville, was
derailed and partly wrecked eight
miles from Atlanta, Ga., on the edge
of the Western and Atlantic railroad
when it sideswiped a freight engine.
How the engine crews escaped death
is a miracle, for both engines were
badly torn up. One passenger was
seriously Injured.
Within seven hours after he had
shot and killed Chief of Police Charles
Dickey of Gulfport, Miss., Pprcy New- I
kirk, a young negro, who had been
trapped by the officer while in the
act of burglarizing a store, was in
dicted by the country grand jury, tried
on a charge of murder, convicted and
sentenced to be hanged just one
month from date.
Louis Smith, recently acquitted for
the assassination of Brooks Fuller, a
noted gunman of Montgomery, died,
as he said he'd die, with his boots on,
after a pistol fight with Louis Roney,
a young Alabama broker. The killing
occurred just after the two men had'
taken a friendly drink together in
Montgomery. Leaving a barroom,
they walked out on the street and be
gan shooting. Smith was shot five
times and died Instantly. Roney is
in jail, charged with murder, and has
not made a statement.
It is stated that King Alfonso of
Spain will visit the United Statese.
and the Spanish government is now
considering plans toward that end.
W. R. Webb of Bellbuckle, Tenn.,
has been elected United States sena
tor to succeed Senator Robert L.
The federal board of food and drug
Inspection has Issued -an order for
bidding the sale in interstate com
merce of fruits which have been dam
aged in the recent freeze in Califor
Plenipotentiaries of the Balkan
kingdoms are immensely pleased over
the decision of the grand council at
Constantinople to accept the advice
of the powers. While It had become
increasingly certain that the Turkish
elder statesmen were prepared to
face the bitter fate that ends the em
pire's history as an European nation,
it was hardly expected that they
would register their decision so quick
ly and so definitely. But one crucial
point of difference remains to be set
ted. The allies want $200,000,000 as
an ndemnity. Their minimum is an
amount equal to the Turkish debts
attached to the territories which they
will annex under the treaty.
As a means of banishing lobbyists
rom the Kentucky capitol, Represen
tative Stark has introduced a bill re
quiring members of the "third house"
to wear uniforms. It was prescribed
that a suitable uniform would be a
brown suit, red hat and green cravat.
"I am informed by the attorney gen
eral that this is a legal measure,"
said Mr. Stark, "and it would banish
Lobbyists by making them appear ri
diculous." Missouri already has a law
requiring lobbyists to register.
The volcano of Colima, Mexico,
nas broken into violent eruption.
Thousands of people are fleeing from
the villages and ranches in the vi
inity. It is believed that there has
been some loss of life in the remoter
ettlements. The railroad station
agent at Zapotitlic abandoned his
post. He reported that volcanic sand
overed the tracks in places to a
lepth of several feet. The last vio
Lent eruption of Colima occurred in
William Coogan, a Chicago laborer,
rell down an elevator shaft from the
wenty-ninth floor of the Union Cen
tral building and still lives. When
playfully attempting to grab the wires
f the elevator he lost his balance
md toppled over. He is reported to
ave a fair chance to recover.
Henry Fender of Chicago was ar
ested for robbery following a little
Ldventure with a policeman. Fender,
2ew to the bandit business, mistook
>ehls, dressed in citiz.en's clothes, for
m easy victim.
Real estate in New York City Is
nore than four times as valuable as
n London, England.
A thrilling story of a fire at sea
uring a hurricane, while 65 persons
'aced death for nearly ten hours, was
:old by passengers of the steamer
'arthagenar.. which reach~ed America
ifter a twenty-four day voyage from
A corporal in the Austro-Hungari
n army during an atttack of mad
1ess. shot down and killed five of his
,omrades of the Eighteenth Infantry,
md fatally wounded three others, at
~evrje. Hlerzegovina.
---You get your c
A series of disturbances occurred in
he hotel and restaurant districts of
qew York City when thousands of
Itriking waiters and sympathizers
iverran some of the principal streets
Lnd engaged in serious rioting.
Nazim Pasha, the former war min
ster and commander of the TurkisT
Lrmy, has been shot dead. Nazim
?asha, war minister and generalissi
no of the Turkish armies, was a man
>f great physical and mental strength.
'Ie was 60 years of age.
A London cablegram says some
:ime must elapse before the situation
trising from the revolution in Con
;tantinople becomes clear. As far as
nay be judged, there is no intention
n the part of the new Turkish gov
rnment to force matters or to re
ume hostilities if any reasonable
:ompromise with the Balkan allies is
Charles W. Morse, who has been
eported recently as seriously ill in
Europe. has admitted in testimony
that he is not financially responsible
and has suggested to his attorneys
that his creditors put him through
bankruptcy. The former banker made
these admissions to A. Levinge What
telly, a London lawyer, who was ap
pointed by the New ,York courts to
3xamine Morse.
Efforts are being made to have
marching clubs from the leading com
nercial organizations of the South to
take part in the inaugpral ceremonies
In connection with the induction into
>fflce of President-elect Wilson. To
Dr. G. J. Owens, a member of the in
Lugural and civic organizations com
nittee, has been delegated the work
Af getting these commercial organ
Izations to participate in the inaugu
ral parade, Already commercial or
-anizations from Birmingham, Mo
bile and Montgomery, Ala., have ar
ranged to send marching clubs, and
It is believed over one hundred South
ern cities will participate.
Miss Helen Miller Gould was mar
ried at Lyndhurst, her country es
tate in New York state, to FInley
Johnson Shepard, an American rail
road man, who has risen from the
ranks. Less than 100 persons were
bidden to the ceremony. They includ
ad close relatives of the bride and
bridegroom and friends of 'long stand
For the second time United States
circuit court of appeals declined to
approve bonds submitted for the re
lease of Frank M. Ryan, president of
the International Ironworkers' union,
and two others, convicted of conspir
cy in connection with illegal trans
portation of dynamite. District At:
torney Miller of Chicago advised the
court that he had inspected the sure
ties and found them insufficient
Efficiency in public service and the
merit system rather than partisan
politics will be the basis upon which
President-elect Wilson will make his
gppi*Gjg.glggn office. Governor Wil
son had occasion to declareliiili9
in this connection when a delegation
of thirty men representing various
labor interests made an earnest plea
at Trenton, N. J., for the appointment
of a Democrat to fill the state coin
missonership of labor of New Jersey,
Josiah V. Thompson, well known
multi-millionaire coal and coke oper
ator of Uniontown, Pa.. has been,
granted a divorce at Pittsburg, Pa.
The decree Is a special one, and he
agreed to pay Mrs. Thompson $1,000,
000. Each party to the suit has the
right to marry again.,
Secretary of State Knox's reply to
the British protest against the exemp
tion of American coastwise shipping
from Panama canal tolls assured the
British government that domestic
coastwise trade will not be permit
ted to extend operation into foreign
competitive fields and that increased
tolls will not be laid on foreign ship
ping to balance the remission to the
American ships. If Great Britain is
not satisfied on these points America
proposes a special commission of ad
Secretary of War Stimson has ap
proved plans formulated by Maj.
ames E. Normoyle, and Capt. H. F.
Dalton, for the mammoth camp to
shelter survivors of the Confederate
and Union armies who will meet at
Gettysburg battlefield next July to
commemorate the fiftieth anniversary
of the battle. The camp will consist
of about 34,000 tents, affording accomn
modations for between 60,000 and 70,
000 veterans. There will be 200 ki:ch
en tents and a complete divisional
ield hospital.
The time-honored inaugui ball,
the climax of the ceremonies incident
to the inauguration of presidents of
the United States, will not be given
this year. In compliance with Pres
ident elect Wilson's wishes, the in
augural committee, at a special meet
ing decided to eliminate it. The com
mittee also decided a public recep
tion at the capitol or elsewhere. aug
gested by Mr. Wilson as a subhst:
tute for the ball, was not within its
jurisdiction, and if one is held, con
gress must appropriate and make the
necessary arrangements for It. For
such congress must make provision.
The government on behalf of the
nterstate commerce commission met
defeat at the hands of the Supremo
court of the United States in its at
tempt to establish in the commission
a right to make rates without sub
stantial evidence beIng presented at
a hearing to show the unreasonable
ness of rates about to be replaced.
At the same time. railroads of the
:ountry won an important point when
he court decided that in making
rates the commission could not rely
spon information gathered in investi
ation by the commmnissioni, but must
base them upon evidence.
aunty news for 1e~
Those for Diplomats, Judiciary, Con
gress and Army and Navy, Togeth
er With New Year's Affair, Prob
ably Will Be Retained.
Washington.-In this holiday season
with Congress adjourned, Washington
people, and particularly those who
are known as society folk, are dis
cussing a good deal, and some of
them worrying a bit, over President
elect Wilson's intimation that he is
likely to do away with a good many
of the at present recognized White
House social affairs. The wonder Is
In the capital whether Mr. Wilson, as
has been hinted, intenas to drop from
the entertannment calendar the four
great semi-pubHlc receptions which
h,ave been given every winter in
Washington for years:
In what he is reported to have said
Mr. Wilson set it forth that he thought
the handseaking receptions which
were in no sense public business af
fairs well might be dispensed- with.
Washington says that the four semi
public receptions are in a great
measure public business affairs, and,
anyway, society here would miss
these functions sorely.
No one in the capital believes that
the president-elect will care, or per
haps dare is the proper word- to use
in this case, to cut from the list of
White House receptions the one which
Is held every New Year's day and to
which the public without regard to
race, color, creed or polities is In
One Really D'emocratic Affair.
It has been said by foreign visitors
to America that the New Year's re
ception at the White House is the
only wholly democratic affair known
to the White House series of enter
tainments, receptions and dinners. It
is true that anybody who will can at
tend the reception at the executive
mansion on New Year's day, and so,
therefore, In a broad sense t1its is the
most democratic reception which the
president gives. Washington society,
however, in arguing for the continu
ance of the other four receptions, d~e
clares that while they are not "fre
for al," they are about as democratic
as they can be made without so Over
crowding the White House that the
holding of the receptions wouId be
virtually Impoible.
If Mr. Wison shall do away with
Sfour receptions, as he has hinted,
he find some other
means of thee ted rep
resentatives of foreign
government. It is the president's -cus
tom each winter to give a dinner to
the ambassadors and ministers of for
eign countries, and as their number is
comparatively limited the dinner can
be given without overcrowding the
big state dining room. It has been
the custom, however, for years. for
the president to invite to the White
HOUSe to a reception all .the repre
sentatives of foreign governments,
the maan s,ministers, chancel
lors, civic attaches and military and
naval ataces.a If what is known as
the diplomatic reception Is done away
with the subordinate officials of thie
foreign embassies and legations will
never get a chance to meet the presi
dent of the United States or to par
take of his hospttality.
The diplomatic reception, which Is
the first of the series of four recep
tions of the winter, Is a recognited in
ttuinand the foreignera hold it as
a fitting recognition of their presence
in the capital and of the hospitality
which it Is necessary In a diplomatic
way for the head of one government
to show to all those from other gov
ernments who hold "letters of
The three receptins which follow
the diplomatic affair and which with
It make up the .quartette of the win
ter, are the judiciary, the congression
al and the army and navy receptions.
Too Much Hand-Shakinlg.
Washington seems to agree with
Mr. Wilson that the president of the
United States rightly might decline
to receive the scores of visiting dele
gations which come to Washington to
see the sights and which go to the
White House solely for the purpose
of tking a look at the president and
of shang his hand. Persons who
do not see the thing day after day
can have no ralizing sense of the
multitudes which in the fall and spring
months besiege the White House for
the purpose of shaking the president's
Presdcent after president of the
United States bas-inated his inten
tion of doing away with some of these
receptions to visiting delegations
which interfere with the business of
the country, but no president yet
a had the actual courage to do it.
If Mr. Wilson does It he will establish
a name for courage which will help
him in many ways and perhaps hurt
him in a few ways.
So far as the White House recep
tions are -concerned, however, Wash
ington seems to believe that the actu
al official receptions of the diplomats,
judiciary, congress and the army and
navy will be continued and that with
them will stay the New Year's day re
ceptioni when everybody who will may
enter the White House portals to
greet the president, his wife and the
cabinet olOcers and their wives.
s than 2c a week

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