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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1911-2016, January 30, 1913, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067671/1913-01-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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..'..ber of Bills introduced in
~-:: Rnches of Legislature.-TO
_ .ess to Attend Corn Show
on South Carolina Day.
Convened 11 o'clock.
,Bills introduced.
- Governor's fourth message received
and disposed of.
Received invitation to exercises at
the university.
Recc6es 11:45 to 1 o'clock.
Joint session on election canvass.
* HouseThursday.
Convened at noon.
Heard special message from gov
ernor asking that newspapers be re
. Referred message to the judiciary
committee with companion bilL
. Agreed to move plaster model of
state house out of rotunda.
- Decided to hold joint assembly for
elections at noon on January 22.
Joint assembly met at 1 e'clock to
canvass election returas.
. House committees anounced.
Adejurnment at 1:35 p. m. to meet
it noon Friday.
The following appointmentasfor the
-'session in the house have been ai
-nounced by Speaker Smith:
J. W. Hamel, Lancaster, assistant
*lerk; R. P. Carwile, . Rchland. jour
nal clerk; J. Ralph Arnold, Spartan
burg, bill clerk; Calhoun A. Hayes,
Greenwood, general desk assistant.
- The following ippolntments for the
present teri - wern made by speaker
Smith: Messrs. Jordan, Woodward
and Bannister, doorkeepers; Masters,
.Mitchum, Stnley, Moore and Mr-ehan,
Messages were received from the
governor, traesmitting the report of
ther windIng-up. commission, one con
taining the resignation of Julius H.
Walker as a trustee of the University
of South Carolina, and a third calling
attention to certain errors in the code.
- The report of the governor's wind
ing-up commission was transmitted un
-opened and it was necessary for Sen
ator Carilsie to- move that the clerk
be authorized to open the report.
The report of James Henry Rice,
chief game warden, was received.
Senator Weston's bill permitting
the swearing in of witnesses in grand
jury rooms was passed to a third
- reading.
The house received three special
messages from the governor Friday.
-The first said that the governor had
*transmitted to the senate a copy of
- the report of the dispensary winding.
up commission. The second informed
the house of the .resignation' of Julius
H. Walker of Columbia as a member
-of the board of trustees of the Uni
versity of South Carolina on account
of I11 health. The third pointed out
what the governor said were errors
in the acts of 1912. All three mes
sages were ~received as information
*and ordered printed in the journal.
A number df new bills were intro
duced in the house.
The senate was in session Monday
night for 25 minutes following a re
cess of two days. A number of bills
were introduced, messages Nos. 8 and
9 from the governor were received
-an dread and the calendar was cleared
- so far as possible.
Messages from the governor were
*announced a few minutes after the
*upper branch convened. The first of
-these relate to the removal of B. J.
-Rhlame as state bank examiner and
the appointment of H. W. Fraser to
*the offce. The second of the two mes
sages transmitted a report of the ex
-ecutive's expenditures out of his ap
-propriation for the enforcement of
law and had to do further with the
refusal of the comptroller general to
pay amounts said to be due W. P.
Beard and P. H. Corley. The two
houses were invited to inspect the
transactions of the comptroller gen
'erar's offce and those of the governor
to see whether the latter's office is
or not as effcient as the former's.
Senator Carlisle's bill permitting
the swearing in of witnesses in grand
jury rooms, a third reading measure.
went over, on motion of Senator Wes
Ston, who stated that he wished to
give the matter more consideration.
Good Use of State Exhibit Property.
In his annual report Commissioner.
Watson says that good use has been
made of the state exhibit property
and that it has been brought up to
-such a degree of perfection as to
character and variety of material,
that it can be used at such exposi
tions as the coming Panama exposi
*tion. He says that provision should
be made for an exposition commission
to secure the proper space at the
San Francisco .exposition and that
an appropriation should be made for
the arrangement of the material.
$1 for .a year's sul
Senator Carlisle's bill permitting a
foreman of a grand Jury to bring in
bills without the attendance of the
whoe jury went to Its third reading.
After the introduction of a number
of bills and the clearing of the calen
dar as far as possible the senate ad
Convened at 11 o'clock.
Large number of bills introduced,
among them measures providing for
compulsory education and a cotton
warehouse system.
Statement from Senator Tillman
Repaired to house for inauguration
The senate has accepted, on moUion
Af Senator Weston, an invitation, .ex
tended the body by Chairman Dre
ter of the programme committee, to
take part in and witness the exer
:ises incident to "South Carolina day"
luring the National Corn exposition
nd a recess will be taken at that
Agreed to allow members of the
Wallace house and ex-members of
the governor.
Agreed to meet in join assembly
Tuesday at noon to ballot for judges of
Ninth and Tenth circuits.
Ordered State house decorated for
National Corn exposition.
Decided to elect Senator Tillman
to United States senate on January
28 at noon.
A number - new bills were intro
duced in th house.
Among the new bills introduced in
the house was one by Mr. Rittenberg
of Charelston to regulate the sale
of liquor in cities of 50,000 and more
inhabitants. The bill, applicable
nly to Charleston; would establish
. retail and wholesale high license
system under the original package
provision of the constitution.
W. L. Glaze, a prominent attorney
of Orangeburg, who was a "dark
horse" in the race for judge of the
First circuit, won out over the other
candidates, being elected on the third
ballot. Joudge Ernest Gary of Colum
bit -ras re-elected to 'the Fifth circuit.,
Ard work is still ahead for the
senate. Wednesday's session was all
formality. Many bills were introduc
ed, however, and the calendar was
cleared as to third reading bills dur
ing the brief session.
- Senator Beamguard's bill exempt
ing certain citizens of King's Moun
tain and Bethel townships In York
county from 1912 taxes was passed
and ordered sent to the house. Sena
tor Beamgaurd explained that he ask
ed the exemption in view of the dam
ge do2e by storm to crops in the
districts mentioned. Senator Car
lisle's bill relating to the publication
of summons was amended by him and
the measure passed and was ordered
sent to the house.
A number of new bills were intro
luced in the senate.
The house decided to attend the
batonal Corn Show on January 28,
south Carolina day, immediately after
the election of B. R. Tillman to the
[United States senate.
A favorable report on the bill to
tax water powers was made by the
ways and means committee. The au
hor of the bill, Mr. Rembert, asked
that it be recommitted in order to
allow, representatives of the Southern
Power company a hearing.
The house was memoralized to ap
propriate $1,500 toward a Confederate
monument In Lee county and referr
ed the matter to the ways and means
A number of new bills were intro
duced In the house.
An invitation was accepted to at
tend the opening exercises of the Na
tional Corn exposition Monday after
soon at 4 o'clock. The invitation was
presented by, Senator Weston on be
salf of the exposition authorities.
Quite unexpected was the body's
refusal to adopt the latest resolution
:f Representative Miller to decorate
the State house for the occasion. Nu
merous bills were Introduced. Sena
tor Appelt introduced a concurrent
resolution, at the request of the adju
tant general, he said, asking the gov
ernor to permit such companies of
the state militia as wish to attend the
inauguration of President Wilson in
Washington In March. The resolution
was adopted, and ordered sent to the
The senate has adjourned until
Monday night at 8 o'clock.
On motion of Mt. Stevenson of
Chesterfield, Congressman Robert Lee
Henry of Texas, the guest of the State
Bar association, was introduced to the
house Wednesday morning and spoke
briefly, predicting the downfall of the
trusts and the reduction of the tariff
under the reign of -the Democrats in
congress. This brilliant member of
congress was vigorously applauded at
intervals during his speech.
A number of new bills were intro
duced in the house.
On the Financial Situation.
"The state revenue for 1913 from
taxes estimated and based upoa the
present assessment of $291.500,000 at
a rate of 6 1-4 mills on the dollar
would be $1,821,875. To this add the
estimated income from sources other
than taxes of $300,308 and we have
a total estimated revenue of $2,132,
183." This statement is made by A.
W. Jones, comptroller general, in a
statement to be sent to the general
assembly. The comptroller general
says that the levy of 6 1-4 mills would
be one-half mill more than last year.
isrition to The I
Senior South Carolina Senator Ha
Aroused Resentment.-It l Though
That Legidature May Offer Oppos
-tion Candidate if Chance Appean
Columbia.-A movement having fc
its object the defeat of United State
Senator B. R. Tillman is much talke
of. It may reach enough pr<
portions to take the shape of dol
nite action, but just at present th
movement has not gotten that fa
Those behind it are "feeling" the]
way cautionsly and will have ever,
thing mapped out before they launc
the fight which will have for its of
ject the retiring of Benjamin Rya
Tiliman to private life.
Angered by the charge of Senat
Tillman that they are under contrc
of tho railroads certaiu members c
the General Assembly are planning t
show their reseatment-in such a wa
as -to be felt. This conclusion I
drawn from talks heard and from Int
mdte knowledge of the condtilons.
Those behind the movement mul
have some one on whom to cente
their strength in' order to beat Til
man. Some have suggested that fol
mer United States Senator John I
McLaurin, now representing Marlbor
county in the state Senate, would b
the man. He was driven out of pul
lic life by Senator Tillman and fc
several years has been in retiremen
emerging to take the place in th
state Senate made vacant by th
death of Senator Green.
Bat Senator McLaurin is person
non grata to a large part of the Genei
al Assembly on account of his polit
cal record while in the United State
Senate, and therefore his candidac
might lack sufficient strength.
Another suggestion is that AsS(
ciate Justice R. C. Watts he voted fo
instead of Senator Tillman, this c
course without Justice Watts' know
edge, and it is known that theS
plans have not been even whispere
to him.
New Sinking Fund Commission.
Columbia.-That the action of sin)
ing fund commission, in going unde
a resolution adopted last Decembe
providing for the refunding of th
state bonds, was illegal, in that th
commission was without a quorum, i
the substance of an opinion submi
ted to the new sinking fund commiJ
sion by Attorney General Peebe:
Mr. Peebles held that Mr. L. J. Browi
ing's term as chairman of the way
and means .committee had expired o
the first Monday after the election I
November, citing the constitutonse
provision, and also a rule of th
House, which says that standing con
mittees hold only until the next ger
eral election.
South Carolina New Ehterprises.
Columbia.--The secretary 'of stat
has issued a commission to Th
Times Publishing Compiany of Chai
leston with a capital stock of $1,004
The petitioners are C. W. Crouch an
W. B. Wilbur. A charter has bee
Issued to Fallaw & Allison compan
of Columbia with a capital stock c
$6,750. The officers are: W. F
Driggers, president; E. L. Allisor
secretary, and F. 0. Failaw., treasure!
A commission has been issued to th
Cherkee Commission company c
Gaffney with a capital stock of $10
Of Interest to Farmers of State.
Columbia. - W. 3. McKinnon,
Richland county farmer, made a ne
profit of $1,265 on 70 acres of lanc
according to a statement filed wit:
the South Carolina Corn Growers' Ai
sociation. Mr. McKinnon says tha
no commercial fertilizers, compost c
plant foods of any description wer
used. The statement shows the fai
mers of South Carolina that there I
not only a living in growing corn, by
that there is money in farming witi
out planting cotton.
Road Survey In Abbeville.
Abbevlle.-Herman L. Arbenz,
good roads expert of the Unilted State
department of agriculture, is in Al
beville making a survey of the con!
ty roads, with the purpose of aidin
the authorities In determining yt
best method of improving the roads
Mr. Arbenz has mapped out a syste;
Iof highways connecting the count
seat with all important points in th
county, including belt lines intende
to be used as cconnecting links for th
trunk lines. This system will cal
,for about 300 miles of roadways.
Hookworm Campaign in Laurens.
Laurens.-Dr. F. M. Routh of th
state board of health, is conductin;
a hookworm campaign in Lauren
county. Dr. Routh, working in coi
junction with local physicians, spend
one day at each of the points wher
dispensaries have been located, an,
in addition to making examination
of all patients, he visits the surrounc
ing schools and lectures on the sut
ject of hookworm treatment, it
causes and effects.. The campa.ig1
will continue six weeks.
ckens Sentinel it
Log fe tem e0 Q0nae 111tere r*
IG .m *"e
was Been Ow9ated Pow now
Towns and counties.
Coinabia.-The brat ann=n meet,
Ing of the South Caroua Plant reed
ers' Association was held Tuesday,
JaZuary 28. This is considered a
I. very important movment in the *d
velopment ot the agricultural inter
Oraneburg. - George W. Hinnkle
t who resideb in the Fdur Holas sectio
of Orahgeburg county, suffered a se
rious accident at his saw mill recent
ly. Ie was struck by a piece ol
timber whic7h broke nearly all of his
ribs in his left side of the body.
r Columbia. - The hearing on the
s Charleston Medical College bill tool
d place recently before the joint com,
mittee of finance and medical affair
and as there was not a full meeting
of the conmMee no vote was taken
e and the matter will be considered al
the next meeting Vt these committees
r Drs. Robert Wilson. Jr.; Lane Mullal
ly and others were here In the inter
est of this meahre.
Columbia.-Andrew Patterson, Jr.,
supervisor for Richland county. will
r in the futue cover his roads in aE
I automobMSe. He will cover more
ground, in other words, for recentlb
the county board of commissionera
purchased a five-passenger touring ca3
fo' the superviser's use. In ad4itior
to this the board purchased new tenti
for the chain gang and a new road
t mactine.
r Columbia. -. Charleston Presbyter
[. held a call meeting at Columbia The*
logical Seminary~ recently and receir
ed under its care, as a candidate foi
o the ministry, J. S. Lyon. Jr., of Louis
g ville, Ky.; who is, aL present a mem
. ber of the junior class at the Colum
r bia Theological Seminary. Mr. Lyot
is a son of Dr. J. S. Lyon, the distin
B guished pastor of the First Presbyte
Srian church. Louisville, Ky.
Celumbia.-During the corn expo
a sition, beginning Monday, there wit
be several days of special interest tc
members of the Farmers' Union. Th
s president and the secretary of thE
r state Farmers' Union have addresse4
letters urging the members of thal
organization -and all other farmers
r who can. make it convenient to de
f so, to come to Columbia on Januarl
L- 28, 29, 30 and 31st.
e Lexington.-At a meeting of the do
i positors of the People's bank of Lees
ville, which closed its doors Novem
ber 27, held- in the town ball at Lees
ville several days ago, the depositor
decided to acclpt a compromise fror
r the realtives of Dr. B. Y. Etheredge
r the former president of the defucl
2 Institution, whose indebtedness to ttw
8 bank amounts to about $18,000. Thi
a means, it is understood, that the de
positors will receive 60 cents on tho
Rock Hill,-Depite the bad weath~
er the gen'eral assembly of South Car
olina was well entertained at Win
Sthrop College and seemed to enjoy the
day very much. A sumptuous dinnel
was served them in the elegant din
ngroom of the college after which
number of toasts wers responded to
Gov. Cole L. Blease, who 'was on the
program to respond to the toasi
"South Carolina'' did not come, ani
Senator Varner of Oconee county re
Wasinton.-The house conwnittet
on military affairs reported favorabl:
the bill to restore Gibbes Lykes toa
nsecond lieutenancy in the army af tei
a full and frank statement of the cs
Sby Representative Lever. W. Lykes
father of the young man was preseni
when the vote was taken, and while
he realizes that the prospects of pass
Sing the bill at this session are slighi
on account of congested condition o
the calendar, he goes away feelini
that a victory has been won for his
Washington.-Mr. John J. McMa
a han, of Columbia, former state super
t intendent of education for Sotrth Caro
l, lina and one of that state's presiden
i tial electors in the last tw.o elections
iarrived hers as the messenger to con
t vey the electoral vote of South Care
r lina to the president of the Senate
e This duty Mr. McMahan performeE
.without mishap of any sort, and Sena
s tor Gallinger, who is president of thi
t senate for the time being, has the of
.ficial document securely in his keep
Union-The family of B. Berlin had
a narrow escape from death by fire
a when his house with all its contents
a was burned to the ground. A boardes
named Isherow came near beinj
burned to death also.
SGreenwood.-CoI. F. N. K. Bailey
president of the South Carolina Co
Educational Institute at Edgefleld
has accepted Greenwood's fiatterini
r offer to inove the school here, and its
twenty-third session will begin i
l Greenwood next September. The co
a educational feature will be eliminateE
I and the name changed to the Baile:
Military Institute.
Aiken.-The women of the Aiker
County Hospital Association havi
during the past three or four monthi
raised more than $500 toward swell
ing the fund for the erection in Aiker
of a modern and thoroughly equippei
3 Mayesvile.-The tobacco growing
Industry is to be revived In this sec
tion after lying dormant for a good
3 many years. The farmers are bei
.interested In planting tobacco, and
-quite a number have already under
taken the preparations for .the culti
vaton of the crop during the preseni
a good investmei
Complete Review of Happenings of
Greatest Interest From All
Parts of World,
It costs $205.54 a year for the main
tenance of each prisoner, according to
the eleventh annual report of the
United States penitnentlary near At
lanta, Ga., completed for the fiscal
year ending June 30. 1912.
. The "Dixie Flyer," a f%mous tour
Ist train. Chicago to Jacksonville, was
derailed and partly wrecked eight
miles from Atlanta, Ga., on the edge
of the Western and Atlantio railroad
when it sideswiped a freight engine.
How the engine crews escaped death
Is a miracle, for both engines wet4,
badly torn up. One passenger was
seriouqly injured.
Within seven hours after he had
shot and killed Chief of Police Charles
Dickey of Gtulfport, Miss., Percy New-,
kirk, a young negro, who had been
trapped by the officer while in the
act of burglarizing a store, was in
dicted by the country grand jury, tried
on a charge of murder, convicted and
sentenced to be hanged-ust one
month from date.
Louis Smith, recently acquitted for
the assassination of Brooks Fuller, a
noted gunman of Montgomery, died,
as he said he'd die, with his boots on,
after a pistol fight with Louis Roney,
a young Alabar\a broker. The killing
occurred justtafter the two men had
taken a friendly drink together in
Montgomery. Leaving a barroom,
they walked out on the street and be
gan shooting. Smith was shot five
times and died instantly. Roney is
in jail, charged with murder, and has
not made a statement.
It is stated that King Alfonso of
Spain will visit the United Statese,
and the Spanish government is now
considering plans toward that end.
W. R. Webb of Bellbuckle, Tenn.
has been elected United States sena
tor to succeed Senator Robert L.
The federal board of food and drug
inspection has issued an order toz
bidding the sale in interstate com
merce of fruits which have been dam
aged in the recent freeze In Califor
-Plenipotentiaries of .the . Balkan
-kingdoms are immensely pleased over
the decision of the grand council at
Constantinople to accept the advice
of the powers. While it had become
increasingly certain that the Turkish
elder statesmen were prepared to
face the bitter fate that ends the em
pire's history as an Europ,ean nation,
it was hardly expected that they
would register their decision so quick
ly and so definitely. But one crucial
point of difference remains to be set
tled. The allies want $200,000,000 as
an indemnity. Their minimum is an
amount equal to the Turkish debts
attached to the territories which they
will annex under the treaty.
As a means of banishing lobbyists
from the Kentucky capitol, Represen
tative Stark has introduced a bill re
quiring members of the 'third house"
to wear uniforms. It was prescribed
that a suitable uniform would -he a
brown suit, red hat and green cravat.
"I am informed by the attorney gen
eral that this is a legal measure,"
said Mr. Stark, "and It would banish
lobbyists by making them appear ri
diculous.'' Missouri already has a law
requiring lobbyists to register.
The volcano of Colima, Mexico,
has broken into ' violent eruption.
Thousands of people are fleeing from
the villages and ranches in the vi
cinity. It is believed that there has
been some loss of life in the remoter
settlements. The railroad station
agent at Zapotitlic abandoned his
post. Ho reported that volcanic sand
covered the tracks in places to a
depth of several feet. The last vio
Ilent eruption of Colima occurred in
William Coogan, a Chicago laborer,
Sfell down an elevator shaft from the
twenty-ninth floor of the Union Cen
tral building and still lives. When
playfully attempting to grab the wires
of the elevator he lost his balance
and toppled over. He is reported to
have a fair chance to recover.
Henry Fender of Chicago was ar
rested for r-obbery following a little
adventure with a policeman. Fender,
new to the bandit business, mistook
Nehls, dressed in citizen's clothes, for
an easy victim.
Real estate in New York City is
more than four times as valuable as
in London. England.
A thrilling story of a fire at sea
during a hurricane, while 65 persons
faced death for nearly ten hours.' was
told by passengers of the steamer
Carthagenln. which reached America
after a twenty-four day voyage from
A corporal in the Austro-Hungar1
an army during an atttack of mad
ness. shot down and killed five of his
comrade-s of the Eighteenth infantry,
ind fatally wounded three others, at
Neeinje. Herzegovina.
i--Ylu get Vyou' c
A series ot disturbances occurred in
he hotel am restaurant districts of
-ew York 'City when thousands of
itriking waiters and- sympathizers
)verran some of the principal streets
md engaged in serious rioting.
Nazim Pasha, the former war min
.ster and commander of the Turkish
Lrmy, has been shot dead. Nazim
Pasha, war minister and generalissi
mo of the Turkish armies, was a man
Af great physical and mental strength.
Ee was 60 years of age.
A Tondon cablegram says some
time must elapse before the situation
jrising from the revolution in Con
3tantinople becomes clear. As far as
may be judged, there is no intention
on the part of the new Turkish gov
ernment to force mitters or to re
sume hostilities if any reasonable
zompromise with the Balkan allies is
Charles W. Morse, who has been
reported recently as seriously ill in
Europe, has admitted in testimony ;
that he is not financially responsible
and has suggested to his attorneys
that his creditors put him through 4
bankruptcy. The former banker made
these admissions to A. Levinge What
telly, a London lawyer, who was ap
pointed by the New York courts to
examine Morse.
. Efforts are being made to have
marching clubs from the leading com
gercial organizations of the South to
take part in the inaugural ceremonies
in 'connection with the induction into
office of President-elect Wilson. To
Dr. G. J. Owens, a member of the in
augural and civic organizations com
mittee, has been delegated the work
of getting these * commeYcial organ
izations to participate in the inaugu
ral parade. Already commercial or
ganizations from Birmingham, Mo
bile and Montgomery, Ala., have ar
ranged to send marching clubs, and
it is believed over one hundred South
et cities will participate.
Miss Helen Miller Gould was mar
ried at Lyndhurst, her country es
tate in New York state, to Finley
Johnson Shepard, an American rail
road man, who has risen from the
ranks. Less than 100. persons were
bidden to the ceremony. They Includ
ed close relatives of the bride and
bridegroom and friends of long stand
For the second time United States
circuit court of appeals declined to
approve bonds submitted for the re- I
lease of Frank M. Ryan. president of
the International Ironworkers' union,
and two others, convicted of conspir
acy in connection with illegal trans
portation of dynamite. District At
torney Millei of Chicago advised the
court that he had inspected the sure
ties and found them insufficient.
Efficiency in public service and the
merit system rather than partisan
politics will be the basis upon which
President-elect Wilson will make his
appointments to office. Governor Wil
son had occasion to declare himself
in this connection when a delegation
of thirty men representing various
labor interests made an earnest plea
at Trenton, N. 3., for the appointment
of a Democrat to fill the state com
missionership of labor of New Jersey,
Josiah V. Thompson, well known
multi-millionaire coal and coke oper
ator of Uniontown, Pa.. has been
granted a divorce at Pittsburg, Pa.
The decree is a special one, and he
agreed to pay Mrs. Thompson $1,000,
000. Each party to the suit has the
right to marry again. ,
Secretary of State KCnox's reply to
the British protest against the exemp
tion of American coastwise shipping
from Panama canal tolls assured the
British government that domestic
coastwise trade will not be permit
ted to extend operation into foreign
competitive fields and that increased
tolls will not be laid cni foreign ship
ping to balance the remission to the
American ships. If Great Britain is
not satisfied on these points America
proposes a special commission of ad
Secretary of War Stimson has ap
proved plans formulated by Maj.
James E. Normoyle, and Capt. H. F.
Dalton, for the mam~moth camp to
shelter survivors of the Conrederate
and Union armies who will meet at
Gettysburg battlefield next July to
commemorate the fiftieth anniversary
of the battle. The camp will consist
of about 54,000 tents, affording accom
modations for between 60,000 and 70,
000 veterans. There will be 200 kitch
en tents and a complete divisional
field hospital. -
The time-honored inaugmui ball,
the climax of the ceremonies incident'
to the inauguration of presidents of
the United States, will not be givenI
this year. In compliance with Pres
ident elect Wilson's wishes, the in
augural committee, at a special meet
ing decided to eliminate it. The com
mittee also decided a public recep
ton at the capitol or elsewhere. sug
gested by Mr. Wilson as a suszti
tute for the ball, was not within its
jurisdiction, and if one is held, con
gress must appropriate and mnke the
necessary arrangemenlts for it. For
such congress must . make provision.
The government on behalf of the
interstate commerce commission met
defeat at the hands of the Supreme
court of the United States in its at
tempt to establish in the commission
a right to make rates without sub
stantial evidence being presented at
a hearing to show the unreasonable
ness of rates about to be replaced.
At the same time, railroads of the
country won an Important point when
the court decided that in making
rates the commission could not rely
upon information gathered in investi
gation by' the commimission, but must
base them upon evidence.
ounty news for les
Those for Dipiomat, Judiciary, Con
gress and Army and Navy, Togeth
er With Now Year's Affair, Prob
ably Will Be Retained.
Washington.-4n this holiday season
with congress adjourned, Washington
people, and particularly those who
6-e know as society folk, are dis
:ussing a good deal, and some of
hem worrying a bit, over President
flect Wilson's intimation that he is
kely to do away with a good many
f the at present recognized White
gouse social affairs. The wonder Is
a the capital whether Mr. Wilson, as
as been hinted, intends to drop from
be entertainment calendar the four
preat semi-public receptions which
ave been given every winter in
Wehngton for years.
In what he Is reported to have said
9r. Wflson set it forth that he thought
he iandshaking receptfons which
were in no sense public business af
airs well might be dispensed with.
washington says that- the four semi
publie receptions are in a great
measure public business affairs, and,,
myway, society here would miss
these functions sorely.
No one in the capital believes that
the president-elect will care, or per
baps dare Is the prop-r word to U"
in this case, to cut from the list of
White House receptions the one which
l held every New Year's day and to
wich the public without regard to
race, color, creed or politics is in
One Really Democratic. Affair.
It has' been said by foreign visitors
bo kmerica that the New Year's re
-eption at the White House is the
mly wholly democratic affair known
o the White House series of enter
ainments, receptions and dinners. It
is true that anybody who wil can at
tend the reception at the executive
pansion on New Year's day, and so,
therefore, in a broad sense this Is the
most democratic reception which the
president gives. Washington society,
iowever, in arguing for the continu
ince of the other four receptions, de
ares that while they are not "free
for all," they are about as democratic
as they can be made without so over
:rowding the White House that the
holding of the receptions would 'be
dirtually impossible.
If Mr. Wilson shall do away with
the four receptions, as he has hinted,
he will be obliged to find some other
means of greeting the accredited rep
resentatives of foreign powers of this
government. It is the president's cus
tom each winter to give a dinner to
the ambassadors and minsterof-oi '
egn countries, and as their number is
comparatively limited the dinner can
be given without overcrowding the
big state dining room. It has been
the custom, however, for years for
the president to invite to the White
House to a reception all the repre
sentatives of foreign governments,
the ambassadors, ministers, chancel
lors, civic attaches and military and
naval attaches. If what is' known as
the diplomatic reception Is done away
with the subordinate offcials of .the
oregn embassies and legations will
never get a chance to meet the presi
sent of the United States or to par
ake of his hospitality.
The diplomatic reception, which is
te first of the series of four recep
ions of the winter, is a recognized in
stituton and the fbreigners hold it as
fitting recognition of their presence
[n the capital and of the hospitality
which it is necessary in a diplomatic
way for the head of one government
to show to al those from other gov
srnments 1tho hold "letters of
The three receptions which follow
the diplomatic affair and which with
It make up the quartette of the win
ter, are the judieiary, the congression
aI and the army and navy receptions.
Too Much Hand-Shaking.
Washington seems to agree with
Dir. Wilson that the president of the
7nited States rightly might decline
to receive the scores of visiting dele
ations which come to Washington to
see the sights and which go to the
White House solely for the purpose
i taking a look at the president and
# shakin his hand. Persons who
fo not see the thing day after day
ean ave no realizing sense of the
mutitudes which ir the fill and spring
months besiege the White House for
he purpose of shakin the president's
President after president of the
United States has intima his inten
ion of doing away with some of these
receptions to visiting delegations
which Interfere with the business of
the country, but no president yet
baa had the actual courage to do it.
If Mr. Wilson does It he will establish
name for courage which will help
him in many ways and perhaps hurt
him in a few ways.
So far as the White House recep
tions are conoerne*d, however, Wash
ington seems to believe that the actu
ii omcli receptions of the diplomats,
ludiary, congress and the army and
navy will be continued and that with
them will stay the New Year's day re
ception when everybody who will may
enter the White House portals to
greet the president, his wife and the
cabinet officers and their wives.
s than 2c a week

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