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STHE PICKES SENTINEL
PUBLISHED WEEKLY Entered ApM 23,b A as lekaa sens, S.c.. a secnd class all matte. under -S
PICKENS, S. C., DECEMBER 10, 1914
Established 1871-Volume 44
Europe Will Need Our Help, Say
gress-Ships Our Greatest
ties Imposed on Unitei
Washington, Dec. 8.-The necessita
for legislation to prodvide for trans
portation of our commerce by sea wat
strong rged by President Wilson ii
his .essage to congress today. Thi
n4 jdresidet pointed out that the market
-greater part of the world ar(
empty and that ours is the duty to sup
ply the needs not only of the coun
tries of Europe, but also of the coun
triee which hitherto have looked tc
Europe for their supplies. The mes
sage in part follows:
The session upon which you are noa
entering will be the closing session of
the Sixty-third congress, a congress, I
venture to say, which will long be re
membered for the great body o
thoughtful and constructive worl
which it haa done, in loyal response
to the thought and needs of the coun
. While we have worked at our tasks
of peace the circumstances of the
whole age have been altered by war,
What we have done for our own land
and our own people we did with the
n us, whether of char
We u ior &i wrg e it sobei
enthusiasm and a confidence in-tb
principles upon which we were acting
which sustained us At every step of
the difficult undertakng; but it is
done. It has passe4 fom our hands
We face new j~sks,.have been facing
them these six months, must face them
in the months to come-face then
without partisan feeling, like men
who ha*; forgotten everything but a
common -duty and the fact that we are
representatives of a great people
whose thought is not .f us but of what
America owes to herself and to all
mankind in such circumstances as
these upon which we look amazed and
Europe Will Need Our Help.
War has interrupted the means of
trade not only but also the processes
of production. In Europe it is destroy
Ing men and resources wholesale and
upon a scale unprecedented and ap
palling. There is reason to fear that
the time is near, if it be not already
at hand, when several of the coun
tries of Europe will find it difficult tc
do for their people what they have
hitherto been always easily able to do
many essential and fundamental
things. At any rate they will need oui
help and our manifold services as they
have never needed them be!ore.; and
we should be ready, more fit and
ready than we have ever been.
If is of equal consequence that the
nations whom Europe has usually sup
plied with innumerable articles v,
manufacture and commerce can nov
get only a small part of what the3
* formerly imported and eagerly lool
"to- us to supply their all but emptl
markets. Here are markets which wi
must supply, and we must find thi
means of action.
,We Need Ships.
It Is a very practical matter, a mat
ter of ways and means. We have thE
resources, but are we fully ready t
use them? And if we can made read3
* what we have, have we the means al
hand to distribute it? We are not ful13
ready; neither have we the means oj
distribution. We are willing, but wi
are not fully able. We have the wisi
to serve and to serve greatly, gener
ously; but we are not prepared as w4
should be. We are not ready to ma
bilize our resources at once. We arn
not prepared' to use them immediately
and at their best, without delay anc
To speak plainly we have grossly
erred in the way in which we have
stunted and hindered the developmeni
- of our merchant marine. And now
when we need ships, we have not got
I have come -to ask you to remedi
and correct these* mistakes and omis
sions. The time and the circum
- stances are extraordinary, and sc
rr'ust our efforts be also.
Use and Conservation.
Fortunately, two great measures
finely coziceived, the one to unlock
with proper safeguards, the-resources
of the national domain, the other tc
encourage the use of the navigable
waters outside that domain for the
* generation of power, have already
passed the house of representatives
and are ready for immediate con der
ation and action by the senate. With
the deepest earnestness I urge their
And there is another great piece o:
legislation which awaits and should
receive the sanction of the senate:
I mean the bill which gives a largel
measure of self-government to the peo
pie of the Philippines. I cannot believE
that the senate will let this greal
measure of constructive justice awail
the action of another congress. Its
passage would nobly crown the record
SNAKES ON DINNER TABLE
Novel Banquit at Philadelphia in
Honor of Curator of Bronx Zoo
Startles the Guests.
A score of writhing snakes, one of
them more than five feet long, created
terror among a quantity of suppel
guests at Cafe L'Aiglon. Fifteentl
and Chestnut streets, says the Phila
de'phia Public Ledger. The occasioz
w.s a "snake-' dinner, given for Dr
tisements read by
zens of Piekenscei
TURN TO AMERICA
s President in Message to Con
Need-New Tasks and Du
I States by the War.
r of these two years of memorable la
An Important Duty.
iBut I think that you will agree
with me that this does not complete
i the toll of our duty. How are we to
carry our goods to the empty markets
of which I have spoken if we have
not the certain and constant means
of transportation upon which all profit
i able and useful commerce depends?
And how are we to get the ships if
we wait for the trade to develop with
The routes of trade must be actually
opened-by mapry ships and regular
sailings and moderate'charges-before
streams of merchandise will flow free
ly and profitably through them.
Must Open Gates of Trade.
Hence the pending shipping bill,
.discussed at the last session, but as
yet passed by neither house. In my
judgment such legislation is impera
tively needed and cannot wisely be
postponed. The government must
open these gates of trade. I very earn
estly hope that the congress will adopt
this exceedingly important bill.
- The great subject of rural credits
still remains to be dealt with, and
it is a matter of deep regret that the
difficulties of the subject have seemed
to .render it impossible to complete
a bill for passage at this session. But
it cannot be perfected yet.
Economy is Urged.
Before I close, may I say a few
words. -upon two - -topics, much d
cussed out of doors, upon ihich'.it is
highly, important that our. judgirents
should be clear, definite and steadfast.
One of these Is -economy lxi govern
The sort of economy we ought to
practice may be effected, and ought to
be effected, by a careful study and
assessment of the tasks to be per
formed; and the money spent ought
to be made to yield the best possible
returns in efficiency and achievement.
And, like good stewards, we should
so account for every dollar of our ap
propriations as to make it perfectly
evident what it was spent for and ii
what way it was spent
It is not expenditure but extrava
gance that we should fear being criti
cized for; not paying for the legiti
mate enterprises and undertakings of
a great government whose people
command what it should do, but add-.
iig what will benefit 'only a few or
pouring money out for what need not
have been undertaken at all or might
have been postponed or better and
more economically conce,.;ed and car
ried out. The nation is not aiggardly;
it is very generous. It will chide us
only if we forget for swhom we pay
money out and whose money it is we
These are large and general stand
ards, but they are not very difficult of
application to particular cases.
-The National Defense.
The other topic I shall take leave to
mention goes deeper into the princi
pies of our national life and policy.
It is the subject of national, defense.
It cannot be discussed witho'ut first
answering some very, searching ques
IIt- is sxii in some quarters that we
iare' not prepared for war. What is
-meant by being prepared? Is It meant
that we are not ready upon brief no
tice to put a nation in the field, a na
tion of men trained to arms? Of
course we are not ready to do that;
and we shall never be In time of
peace sc long as we retain our pres
ent political principles, and institu
tions. And .. iat is it that it is sug
gested we should be prepared -to do?
To defend ourselves against attack?
We have always found means to do
that, and shall find them whenever it
is necessary without calling our peo
pie away from their necessary tasks
to render compulsory military service
in times of peace.
Fear No Nation.
We are at peace with All the world.
No one who speaks counsel based
on fact or drawn from a just and
candid interpretation of realities
can say that there is reason for fear
that from any quarter our indepen
dence or the integrity of our territory
is threatened.. Dread, of the power
of any other nation we are incapable
of. We are not jealous of rivalry in
the fields of commerce or of any other
peaceful achievement. We mean to
live our lives as we will; but we mean
also to let live. We are, indeed, a
true friend to all the nations of 'the
world, because we theraten none,
covet the possessions of none, desire
the overthrow of none. Our friend
ship can be accepted and is accepted
without reservation, because it is of
fered in a spirit and for a purpose
which no one need ever question or
suspect. Therein lies our greatness.
We are the champions of peace and
Raymond L. Ditmars, curator of the
Bronx zoo. The snakes were placed
upon the dinner table in a glass recep
tacle from which they could easily
have escaped. When they appeared,
several women at nearby tables, not
knowing that they were tame, hastily
But the snakes -were not aldne.
There was a large jar of frogs and
toads of many strange varieties, that
-kept the cafe frequenters interested
with an undertone of croakings. And:,
Ithe center of the table was occupied
ng The Sentinel I
the best and mos
of concord. And we should be very
jealous of this distinction which we
have sought to earn. Just now we
should be particularly jealous of it,
because it is our dearest present hope
that this character and reputation
may presently, in God's providence,
bring us an opportunity to counsel
and obtain peace in the world and
reconciliation and a healing settle
ment of many a matter that has cooled
and interrupted the friendship of
nations. This is the time above all
others that we should wish and re
solve to keep our strength by self-pos
session, our influence by preserving.
our ancient principles of action.
Ready for Defense.
From the first we have had a clear
and settled policy with regard to
miiltary establishments. We never
have had, and while we retain our
present principles and ideals we never
shall have, a large standing army.
If asked, are you ready to defend
yourselves? We reply, most assured
ly, to the utmost; and yet we shall
not turn America into a military
camp. We must depend in every time
of national peril, in the future as iL
the past, not upon a standing army,
nor yet upon a reserve army, but upon
a citizenry trained and accustomed
to arms. It will be right enough, right
American policy, based upon our ac
customed principles and practices, to
provide a system by which every
citizen who will volunteer for
the training may be made familiar
with the use of me dern arms, the rudi
ments of drill and maneuver, and the
maintenance and sanitation of camps.
We should encourage such training
and make it a means of discipline
which our young men will learn to
value. The National Guard of the
states should *be developed. and
strengthened by every means which is
not inconsistent with our obligations
to our own people or with the estab
lished policy of our government. And.
this, also, not because the time or te.
casion specially calls for such meas
ures, but because it should be. ni
constant policy to make these provi
sions for our national peace and safe
Mare than this carries with It a re
versal of the whole history and char
acter of our polity. More than this
proposed at this time, permit me 'o
say, would mean merely that we had
lost oir self-possession, that we had
been thrown off our balance by a wa'
with which we have nothing' to d(.
whose causes cannot touch us. whost
very existence affords us opportur
ities of friendship and disinterested
service which should make s
ashamed of any thought of hostility
or fearful preparation for troub.e.
This is 'assuredly the opportunity :or
which :. people and a government Oke
ours were raised upr the opportitity
not only to speak but actually to em
body and exemplify the counsels of
peace and amity and the lasting con
cord which is based on justice and fa
and generous dealing.
Ships Our Natural Bulwams.
A powerful navy we have always
regarded as our proper and nati~ral
means of defense; and it has always
been of defense that we have thought,
never of aggression or of conquest.
But who shall tell us now what sort
of navy to build? We shall take leave
to be strong upon the .seas, in the
future as in the past; and there will
be no thought of offense .or of provo
cation in that. Our ships are our
natural bulwarks. When will the ex
perts tell us just what kind we should
~construct-and when will they be
right for ten years together, if the
relative efficiency of craft of differ
ct kinds and uses continues to
change as we have seen it change
under our very eyes in these last
But I turn away from the subject.
It is not new. There is no new need
to discuss it. Let there be no miscon
ception. The country has been misin
formed. We have not been negligent
of national defense. We are not un
mindful of the great responsibility
resting upon us. We shall learn and
profit by the lesson of every experi
ence and every new circumstances;
and what is needed will be adequately
Great Duties of Peace.
I close, as I began, by reminding
you of the great tasks and duties of
peace which challenge our best powers
and Invite us to build what will last.
the tasks to which we can address
ourselves now and at all times the
free-hearted zest and with all the finest
gifts of constructive, wisdom we pos
sess. To develop our life and our re
sources; to supply -our own people, and
the people of the world as their need
arises, from the abundant plenty of
our fields and our marts of trade; toI
enrich the commerce of our own states
and of the world with the products of
our mines, our farms, and our fac
tories, with the creations of our
thought and the fruits of our charac
ter-this is what will hold our atten
tion and our enthusia: -n steadily, now
and in the years to come, as we strive
to show in our life as a nation what
liberty and the inspirations of an
emancipated spirit may do for men
and for societies, for individuals, for
states, and for mankind.
by a fern filled with chirping insects,
known throughout Japan, whence they!
came,. as "walking stIcks."
The menu was arranged in keeping
with the decorations. There were, of
course, eels and frogs' legs. There
was a "Bronx Zoo salad," which was
full of mystery, even to the guests, be
cause the ingredients were not re
vealed. But the most peculiar dish
of all was porcupine steak.
The average husband is a silent
iave their adver
LODZ HAS FALLEN
A GERMAN TIOTORY
SECOND CITY OF RUSSIAN POL.
AND IS OCCUPIED BY THE
ROUMANIA READY TO ENLIST'
Forty British and French Warshpis
Are Assembled at Some Place
For Blow at the Enemey.
Lodz, the second own of' Poland,
and lying 75 miles to the west-south
west- of Warsaw has fallen to the Ger
man arms. It was occupied Sunday.
according to an official announcement
Around this Important town a des
perate battle has raged for days.
Countless thousands have fallen in
desperate hand-to-hand conflicts and
from the shells of hundreds of guns.
It was evident from the occupa
tion of Lodz by the Germans that the
heaviest kind of fighting has. been
on, for late advices told of a.vicious
attack and bombardment of Lodz and
fighting on the outskirts of the city
and, previous to that, of operations
20 miles west of Piotrkow, which lies
considerably south of Lodz, and along
a line from Glowno, 16 miles north.
east of Lodz, to the Vistula river.
Lodz has long ..been an objective
point of the German army. It has
grown in recent years from an in
significant place to one, of the most
populous cities in the Russian em
pitre. In 1910 its population number.
ed 415,604 and with this important
place as a base the Germans are ex
pected to make a strong effort to reach
Regarding other operations in the
East, the Servian war office reports
Servian success on the whole front,
with the . capture of 2,400 men and
four complete batteries.
On the other hand, Vienna reports
that Austrian troops are gaining
ground south of Belgrade.
In Flanders and the riorth of France
was comparatively quiet. The French
war office had nothing to report and
no marked successes on either side
were recorded in that territory for
the previous day.
While the attitude of Roumania is
not known officially, a Swiss news
paper asserts that Roumania has de
cided to enter the war on the side with
the Allies.' The time for doing so,
however, has not been determined on.
Forty British and French warships
have assembled at some place, the
name of which Is not given in the
dispatch making this announcement
"to force their way through." It is
probable the correspondent intended
to foreshadow an effort by the Allied
ships to break through th4 Dardanel
les the name evidently came under the
eye of the censor .
CONGRESS RESUMES WORK.
Third Session of 63d Congress Con
venes-Money Bills First.
Washington.-The third session of
the Sixty-third Congress convened at
non. Memb)ers of both houses flock
ed to Washington ending their holl
dy recess of six weeks which fol
lowed the long session that closed late
Democratic leaders expresses th~e
hope tha; the legislative program . of
appropriation measures can be con
cluded by March 4, next, when the
present congress automatically will
end. Many Republican leaders, how
ever, have said they would urge many
Important measures, and some indi
cated that supply bills ought to be
delayed to such an extent that an ex
tra session next spring and summer
would be necessary. Democrats think
an extra session unlikely.
The bill to pave the way for Philip
pine independence, which passed the
house at th, last session, is pending
in the senate is the immigration bill
with the literacy test, for aliens,
which has passed the house. Some
maority -leaders have declared that
it will be permitted to die with the
expiring congress, to be considered
when conditions resulting from the
European war have assumed more
Rural credits legislation is pend
ing. This legislation, however, also
is on the list of measures administra
tion leaders are understood not to
want to press at this time.
At least seven of the great annual
supply measures are to be rushed so
so as to report them to the house be
fore the Christmas holidays- These
are the legislative, executive and
judicial, the District of Columb~a,
fortifications, pensions, military, post
office and rivers and harbors appro
priation bills. Others are to be
hastened through to head off the
necessity, of an extra session.
Carranza Troops in Big Battle.
Laredo, Texas.-General Cesario
Castro, commanding an army loyal to
General Carranza, defeated a band of
Zapata followers near San Martin,
according to a dispatch received here
from Carranza sources. The- dispatch
reported casulties of 1,2000 and- the.
capture of nine rapid-firing guns, 1,
200-rifles and 47,000 rounds of ammu
nition. The dispatch did not estab
ish the location of the town of San
Martin referred to. There are several
towns of that name in Mexico.
Card of Thanks.
The family of W.J. Crenshaw
wish to thank their friends, for
he kindness shown during the
sickness and death of father and
hsband. We also wish to
hank the physicians for their
EUROPAN IAR SHAT
TERS KING OTTON'S
FLEECY STAPLE MUST PAY RAN.
SOM INTO THE COFFERS OF
Nation Rings With Cries of Stricken
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' Union.
King Cotton has suffered more from
the European war than any other ag
ricultural product on the American
continent. The shells of the belliger
ents have bursted over his throne,
frightening his subjects and shatter
ing his markets, and, panic-stricken,
the nation cries out "God save the
People from every walk of life have
contributed their mite toward rescue
work. Society has danced before the
king; milady has decreed that the
family wardrobe shall contain only
cotton goods; the press has plead
with the public to "buy a bale";
bankers have been formulating hold
ing plans; congress and legislative
bodies have deliberated over relief
measures; statesmen and writers
have grown eloquent expounding the
inalienable rights of "His Majesty"
and presenting schemes for preserv
ing the financial integrity of the
stricken staple, but the swbrd of Eu
rope has proved infightier than the pen
of America in fixing value upon this
product of the sunny south. Prices
have been bayoneted, values riddled
and markets decimated by the battling
hosts of the eastern hemisphere until
the American farmer has suffered a
war. loss of $400,000,000, and a bale
of cotton brave enough to enter a
European port must pay a ransom of
half its value or go to prison until the
war is over.
Hope of the Future Lies in Co-opera
The Farmers' Union, through the
columns of the press, wants to thank
the Amercan people for the friend
ship, sympathy and assistance given
the cotton farmers in the hour of dis
tress and to direct attention to co
operative methods necessary to per
manently assist the marketing of all
The present emergency presents as
grave a situation as ever confronted
the American farmer and from the
viewpoint of the producer, would seem
to justify extraordinary relief meas
ures, even to the point of bending the
constitution and straining business
rules in order to ift a portion of the
burden off the backs of the farmer,
for unless something is done to check
the Invasion of the war forces upon
the cotton fields, the pathway of the
European pestilenge on this continent
will be strewn with mortgaged homes
and famine and poverty will stalk over
the southland, filling the highways of
industry with refugees and the bank
ruptcy court with prisoners.
All calamities teach us lessons and
the present crisis serves to illuminate
the frailties of our marketing meth
ods and the weakness of our credit
system, and out of the financial an
guish and travail of the cotton farmer
will come a volume of discussion and
a mass of suggestions and finally a
solution of this, the biggest problem
in the economic life of America, if,
indeed, we have not already laid the
foundation for at least temporary re
More Pharaohs Needed in Agriculture.
Farm products have no credit and
perhaps can never have on a perma
nent and satisfactory basis unless we
build warehouses, cold storage plants,
elevators, etc., for without storage and
credit facilities, the south is com
pelled to dump its crop on the market
at harvest time. The Farmers' Unions
in the cotton producing states have
for the past ten years persistently ad
vocated the construction of storage
facilities. We have built during this
period 2,000 warehouses with a ca-I
pacity of approximately 4,000,000 bales
and looking backward the results
wrould seem encouraging, but looking
forward, we are able to house less
than one-third of the crop and ware
houses withoift a credit system lose
90 per cent of their usefulness. The
problem is a gigantic one-too great
for the farmer to solve unaided. He
must have the assistance of the bank
er, the merchant and the government.
In production we have reached the
high water mark of perfection in the
world's history, but our marketing
methods are most primitive. In the
dawn .of history we find agriculture
plowing with a forked stIck but with
a system of warehouses under govern
mental supervision that made the
Egyptians. the marvel of civilization,
for who has not admired the vision of
Joseph and applauded the wisdom of
Pharaoh for storing the surplus until
demanded by the consumer, but in
this age wve have too many Josephs
who dream and not enough Pharaohse
Frank Again Loses.
The supreme court of the
United States Monday refused
to issue a writ to review Leo
M. Frank's conviction of mur
der of Mary Phagan, the Atlan
ta factory girl.
.The court's decision ends at
tempts to save Frank's life by:
Frank's counsel announced
they would take no further
steps in Washington for the
present. It is said efforts will
be made to procure a pardon or
commutation of sentence from
the Georgia officials.
Miss Mamie Brown and Mr.
Willie Hayes were married De
cember 6, 1914, at the residence
of the bride's parents, Mr. and
Mrs. R. B. Brown. A. A. Jones
N. P., officiated. x
Just a Word to a
Few of Our Readers
It would please us greatly if
some of our subscribers to whom
we recently sent notices of ex
pired subscriptions would renew
between now and Christmas.
The small amount of one dol
lar will not be greatly missed by
any one of our subscribers, -but
i he aggregate amount would
help us out wonderfully.
We know money is not so
plentiful with our readers now
as it was this time last year,
and we know it is mighty scarce
with us, too.
Tho practically everything
used in getting out a newspa
per has gone up in price during
the last few months we are still
selling The Sentinel at one buck
per year--less than two cents
per week. Each week it will
cost you only about as much as
two good chews of good tobacco,
half a good cigar, not as much
as a good drink of good likker or
a "dope," and we know the
paper's worth the most. because
we've tried 'em all, and ordered
all discontinued, except the pa
DonI't deny yourself and your
family your county paper for
the measley sum of two cents a
The Pickens County Medical
Society met Wednesday after
noon in the offices of Drs. C. N.
and E. F. Wyatt, at Easley.
No special business, ote- than
the election of officer,, was
transacted and a most pleasant
and harmonious session was
held. The following officers
were re-elected for the ensuing
year: Dr. J. L. Valley, of Pick
ens, president; Dr. H. E. Russell-,
of Easley, vice president, and
Dr. J. P. Jewell, of Easley,
secretary. Board of censors,
Dr. W. A. Woodruff, of Catee
chee, chairman, Dr. J. 0. Rosa
mond, of Easley and L. F. Rob
inson of Pickens.
Drs. C. N. Wyatt and W. A.
Woodruff were elected as dele
gates to the State Medical So
ciety, which convenes next
April. Drs. W. A. Tripp and
J. P. Jewell were elected altei
Pleasant Grove News
It has been raining eight days
and nights almost without ceas
ing and is still raining, and sure
there will be only one mudhole,
andi that will be from one end of
the road'to the other.
Jimmie Phillips, from near
Greenville, is spending a few
days with D. L. Barker and
other friends in this section.
Miss Lillie Fortner, daughter.
of A. T. Fortner, is spending a
few weeks in Greenville visiting
relatiyes and friends.
Harvey Cleveland of Cleve
land, S. C., was in this sectiori
on Thanksgiving, bird huntig.;
He had some friends with him.
Born, unto Mr. and Mrs. Jack
Howard, Nov. 18, a fine girl.
W. M. Davis'and his father of'
near Norris were welcome visit
ors to this section last week,this
being the first visit for Mr.Davis,:
Sr. He says he is delighted very
much with this section of the
county; so we invite him back
to see us again, as the writer en
joyed hearing him talk..
The population of some of t1le
nations now at war in Europe,
by the census that was taken in
1910, which we suppose is a big
increase in the past four years,
and also a big decrease in the
last few months, if all reports
are true: Russia comes first
with a lare population, 155,443,
300; area,8,785,000 square miles;
Great Britain, area 121,000
square miles; population 45,003,
431; Belgium, area, 11,400 square
miles; population,6,693,548; Aus
tria, area, 201,300 square miles;
population, 47, 158,000;Germany.
area, 210,000 square milEs; pope
ulation 60,641,278; France, area,
207,000 square miles; Turkey,
area, 1,565,021 square miles;pop
ulation, 35,414,300. The United
States contains 3,624,122 square
miles and its population 93,346,
543, this being the census five
years ago. The population of
the earth by race is shown to be
Mr. A. B. Talley and his two
sons, Absolom and Perry, went
possum hunting some nights*
ago and caught three 'possums
and two fat coons. Who can
beat this for about three hours'
hunt? A F.ARMER.
Not J. Benton
Mention was made through
the columns of The Sentinel by
one of our correspondents that
Benton Robinson had moved
from Greenville to the farm.
~This is not J. Benton Robinson,
formerly of Norris, who moved
to Greenville. He is still located
in Greenville and is living in a
house on Lois street, which he
Easley Local and
Mrs. J. R. Glazeier has re
turned to Easlay, after an ex
tended visit. to her daughter,
Mrs. Pittard, in Newberry. Her
son, Arthur, came back with
her and spent a short while at
his old home.
Rev. Dr. Norton, of Georgia,
preached a sermon of great pow
er and beauty in the First Bap
tist church Sunday morning.
In the school auditorium on
Sunday night a union st rvice
was held, Dr. Norton spoke on
the "Man of Galilea" and illus
trated his talk with many
beautiful pictures by flashlight.
It was a great service.
Mrs. Thomas Bolt has return-!
ed to her home in Anderson,
after spending a while with her
son, C. 1). Bolt.
Mrs. William Anderson and
Miss Eunice Singleton attended
the State U. D. C. convention in
Yorkville last week.
The Wesleyan - Gehodists
dedicated their new -house of
worship in South Easley last
Sunday. They have a beauti
Ful little house.
We gladly welcome -back to
his old charge Rev J. D. Holler.
We also extend a hearty wel
come to Rev. W. A. Lamar of
the Protestant Methodist church,
his conference having returned
him to this charge. R,v. D. 0.
Power has also been returned
here. Here is our hand, Brother
John D. Sitton, Esq., W. M.,
Bates Lodge No. 189. A. F. M.,
will represent his lodge in the
meeting of the Grand Lodge in
Uharleston this week.,
Mrs. A. P. Mathews has re
urned to her home in Easley
after a very pleasant visit to
Friends in Elberton, Ga.
Easley Man May
Be A Millionaire
Ben Martin, youngest son of
0. T. Martin, editor of the Eas
lev Progress, after graduating a
few years ago at the Citadel,
went West to seek his fortune.
Among his first investments he
purchased some lots in the town
of Page, Oklahoma. So the
news came the other day that
the largest oil well in Oklahoma
had been discovered on one of
Ben's lots. The capacity of the'
well is said to be one million I
gallons of oil a day.
Editor Martin was so excited
over the news that the first
m~ght after he heard of the good
ortune of his boy he had the
He dreamed that he was one
of the busiest men to be found
any where; that he was direct
ing men in building huge tanks'
in which to store oil and laying
pipelines to all the large and im
portant 'cities throughout the
country. He could see oil spout
ing up in every idirection as he
urried along from place to
place, looking af ter the business.
Suddenly he met a swell-dressed
wentleman with a high silk hat
in. He said to the man: "Who
are you?" The stranger an
wered: "I am John D. Rocke
eller." Mr. Martin drew back
nd whaled away at the tall1
at, knocking it off. "Get out
>f the way and get away from
ere," said Mr. Martin, "you're
rio oil magnate worth a cent!"
According to the dream, Mr.
Martin was the only oil magnate
Corikratulations to you, Mr.j
Martin, oti your wonderful good'
Death of W. J. Crenshaw
Dear Editor: You will find
below a brief biography of one;
who has just departed this life~.
'lease find space in your paper;i
W. J. Crenshaw, who lived
orthwest of Pickens, on the
ieadwaters of Crow Creek, died
Lecember 3, 1914, at his home,
it the age of 60 years, 3 months
and 29 days. On November 23,
after a thorough examination,
he found that he had been back
lidden in heart for a number of
years and after a night of con
Eession and prayer to God he
he was wonderfully saved about
3 o'clock a. in., after which he
elt that he needed to be sancti
fied wholly, a n d earnestly
sought for it until 5:30 in the
afternoon., arid thet lessed Holy
(host came into- his heart and
took up his abodeg after: which.
Mr. Crenshaw sang andshouted
and praised God until the hour
of his departure.
He leaves a wife, five sons,
three daughters, and a host of
friends to mourn his death.
Funeral services were conducted
at Mt. Bethel M. E. chuich by
the pastor, after which his body
was laid to rest to await the
J. R. GREEN.
Governor-elect Manning has
resigned as president of the Bank.
of Sumter, as he will be unable
to attend to the bank's business
after he is sworn in an anveara
DULGING IN LUXURIESKU
FIRST SALUTE THE. FLAG
War Revenue Tax of $1
-Levied-Beer Bears Brunt of
Congress has levied a war tax
$105,000,000 to offset a simlar -amount
of loss on import revenue due to
European disturbances and of
amount beer is the heaviest
contributer; having been assessed ap
proximately $50,000,000; a stamp tax eon~
negotiable instruments, it is estimated,
will yield $31,000,000;' a ta on the
capital stock of banks of $4,300,000
and a tax on tobacco, perfumes, thea-.
ter tickets, etc., makes the remainder.
Congresa has decreed that the
brewer, the banker and the investor
must -shoulder the musket and march
.to the front; that milady who would
add to her beauty must first tip.:Uncle
Sam, and a dollar.that seeks pleasure.'
must first salute the flag; that Pleas
ure and Profit-the twin heroes of
iany wars-shall fight the nation's'
battles and by an ingeniously
ranged schedule of taxation congress
has shifted the war budget from the.
shoulders of Necessity to those of
Choice and Gain, touching in.
various ramifications almost everylIre
All hail the dollar that bleeds for
Its country; ..that barer is 'breast to
the fortunes of war and risks it 1fte..
to preserve the stability and integri*
of the nation's credit. -
The market-place has always been
a favorite stand for war revenue col
lectors. The trader is a great fian
cial patriot. -His dollar is
rally around the sapargled
and the last to hear the coo of
dove of peace. He-iscalledlupor
buy -cannon; to feed and dloth4 the
boys in blue and each month cheer -
their hearts with the coin of
realm. Men can neither be free nor
brave .without food s,ud a7nition
and money- is as important a factor N
in war as blood. Many mounentag
have been erected in honor of heroes
slain in battles, poems have been wit
ten eulogizing their noble deeds and
the nation hondri its s6ldiers while
they live and places a monument ug0n
their graves when they die, but very
little has beensaid of the dollar that
bears the burdens of war.
Honor to the Dollar that Bears the
Burdens of-Wart 7
All honor to the dollar that an
swers the call to arms and, when
the battle Is over; bandages th
wounds of stricken soldiers, lays a
wreath up6n the graves of
heroes and cares for the widows and.
All honor to the Industries that
bend their backs under the burdens
of war; lift the weight from tihe shl
ders of the poor and build a bulwark I
around the nation's credit..
All honor to those wlao contribute
to the neessities and aminister to
the' comforts. of the .boys who are
marching;. cool the fever of afflicte
soldiers and kneel with the crossbe
side dying heroes.
A dollar may fight Its competitor in
business, industries may struggle for
supremacy In trade and occupations
may view each other with envy or -
suspicion, but when the bugle calls -
they bury strife and rally around the
flag, companions and friends, mess
mates-and chums, all fighting for one -T
flag, one cause and one country.
The luxuries In life have always
been the great burden-bearers In gov- ,
ernmelit. We will mention a few of
them giving the annual contributions
to the nation's treasury: Liquor, $250,
000,000; tobacco, $103,000,000; sugar
$54,000,000; silks, $15,500,000; dia
monds, $3,837,000; miliner'y, $2,479,
000; furs, $2,024,000 and automobiles,
$870,000. We collect $665,000,000 of
Internal and custom revenue annually
and $450,000,000 of this amount classi
fies as luxuries, and to this amount
we should add the $100,000,000 war tax
The war tax is immediaely ff
tive. Tramp! Tramp! Tramp! t
industries are marching $100,000,
strong and beneath the starry
they will fill the treasury again w
they ahout, "Hurrah for Uncle'
In every field of human at
demand for more competent mej
women is growing every day.
ia~ly so in agriculture. -
Home pride is a irighty vl
set, and the farmer who has.
carrying a heavy nandicap
road to success. . -
Work is the salve that
wounded heart. -
The governor Sa
ed a full parole to
welder, the Lexi
banker who was
fine of $1,000 or
gang or in the s
Later the goe
the sentence to
welder upon th~e
Black welder until
Jr., is prosecuted
of guilty or not
his (Ia. H. Rh
tion in the