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A FAMILY AFFAI Ceremony at Galt Home Marked by Simplilcity. DETAILS ARE KEPT SECRET Only Relatives of President and His Bride Are Present-Start on Honey moon Trip to South-Try to Avoid Crowds. Washington. Dec. 18.-In the pres ene of relatives only. President Wil son and .Mrs. E'dith Bolling Gait were quietly and sitaiOply wedded this eve ning ifn thle parlors of the bride's tin pretentOis horne at 130w Twontieth street. Tellre vas no fuss and feath ers, and oIlleial and social circles must wait for tollorrow's newspapers befor" they know how it all came about. Secretary of the Treasury Mv Adoo was tle lone oflicial present and he was there simply as Mr. Wilson's sol-inllia w. Miss 1 ortlha Boiling of this city at tended her sister. the bride. and a sniall orehestra fromt tle i'Marile hand furnished the iu ptial 11usic. 'Ihe bride vore a dark traveling costuie and -rried a huge houquet of orchids. the bridegroom at the foot :ond stairway in her loie -her they went slowly to the flowers erected at the east - the parlors. The president placeo on ier third Ic'ft-hand lin ger a plain !ob circet engraved with her initiaLM arid his owi. The cere m : was i' uit ilost inl sillplicity and taste-in keeping with the best American tradlitions. Keep Hour a Secret. In order to avoid the crowds of curi ons folk in Washington the hour of the nob'ln was kept sec-dot until late i :e i.1. The plan vo'ked with fair sucess an1d the police h-id no trouble SPRESIDpVT W4II oN in handling the fewt hundred men, wornen and child ron wiho pressedl eagerly in the streets near the Galt hiomie. As soon as the ceremony wtas over and the bride hald been saluted by those present in tile neeustofmed fash ion, while the smiling groom received conigratlait itns, the newly-weds sped away it a blig Whiite Illouse automobile to tihe Uniloll stat ion andit took a train1) to thle SouthI foir thi ho n iteymtoon. If h(y t oldt alnyb1od1y thlei r deost inationl that lp'rson kep1 t his seere't wveil. It is re'porf ed fromn famiily ci rcles, ho0w Over. t hat tile couleO will be away un till t he fir st week ill Jan ualry. 'Thyc. muist b)e back in Washington by J1anuaory 7, thbough. heca use on that dat ' thle presidlenlt arl Nirs.. Wt'ils5on will act as hotst a11)1 hostess at a great r'eco1titoln to be giv\en in thle Whitt House for thle l'anl-Amlerieann repre senttatives at the natitonal capital Moreover, conlgiress wtill havet' re'on venled, after1 thle holiday seasonl, amll Mr. Wilson will have to be back a his desk. Only Relatives Are Present Among thlose Present at the eere mOnyV were: Mliss Mlargaret Wilsor the prehident's ldest dlaughter; Mrs F'raneis Ilowes C'ayr e of Willams tOWnI, Mass., the president's secOni (laughter; Mrs. William G. McAdoc the priden(~it's youngest child; Mrn Anne I lowe of Philadelphia, the pres dent's sister; Joseph R,. Wilson of Ba timiore, the president's brother, all Miss len Woodrow Bones, thte pre; ident's (cousin,. The bride, who before her marring to Norman Gait was Miss Edith iHo] ing of Virginia, was well represente withl kinsmen and klfnswomen. SI1 and her miothier, Mrs. William H. Blol ing, have lived together for severn years, and Mrs. Bolling, of course, wt the dowager queen of the occasto: The bride's sisters, Miss Blertl Bolling of Washington and Mrs. H. I Maury of Anniston, Ala., and he brothers, John R~andlolph 1101111 Richard W. Boiling, Julian B. flollin all of Washington; RI. E. Roiling Pnama. and Dr. W. A. Bolling Louisville, Ky., attended the cer mony. The president's bridA is a han some woman. unusually good to lot Vpon and t4' f4'4 'she has beetn known as the &Aost perfectly golened woman In WashingtoO, both because she has exquisite taste and because she has plenty of means to follow her taste in dress. Her gowns have al ways been chosen -with rare care and she bought much from the fashionable costumers in Paris, where she was a frequent visitor before the war. Those who are in a position to know say the bride spent several'months in the preparation of her trousseau, be ing aided in this important labor by her mother, who also is a woman of extraordinary discernment. it was all complete, 'tis whispered, two weeks before the date of the wedding. Some controversy arose as to the origin of the gowns and frocks and linens and laces. There were stories to the ef fect that French supply houses balked at furnishing anything through the medium of German-American middle men. Most of the stories were base less, bo it said truthfully, for the bride's wedding outfit was almost en tirely of American origin. Orchids Her Favorite. Dark green and orchid are the pre. doninating hues in the trousseau gowns, for orchids are the new Mrs. Wilson's favorite flowers. There are traveling gowns, street frocks and eve ning gowns of amazing loveliness whi-h wilbe Sven much this winter, for the White louse is to be re opened for a series of old-time enter taiinients. The four great official re (eptions1. which were omitted last win ter, will be resumed, and there will be matinee teas and frequent musicales. Mr. Wilson is the sixth president of the U'nitel States to marry a widow. W\as iingtott. Jefferson, Madison, Fill more nind Ieniamin larrison were his predecessors in this sort of a union, but in not inore than one or two cases was the widow the second wife-as in this case. John Tyler and Theodore Roosevelt narried twice, but their s14end wives had not been wedded be fore. It is scarcely necessary to recall George Washington's marriage. The world knows of his courtship, engage mint and espousal. His love was the "Widow Custis." Thomas Jefferson, at the home of a friend, John Wayles. met Martha Skelton, Wayles' widowed daughter. She was a beautiful wom an, much sought after, but Jefferson finally won her heart. Perhaps D~olly Madison, wife of President Janmes Madison, is best known generally to Americans of all generations next to Martha Washing ton. John Tyler's Romance. John Tyler was twice mlarriedl, the se'ond~ time while he was president. His first wvife was Letitia Christian, who belonged to one of tho old fami lies of Virginia. Mrs. Tyler bore the president nine children. Just before her husband was elected v'ice presi (lent of the Unlited1 States she sufferedl a stroke of paralysls and a short time after ho suceeed~ WVilliajnllnr H arrison as President she died(-in the White House. 'rho secondl winteir after her death the president met Julia, the dauighter of a Mr. Gardiner; who lived on one of the islands in Long Island sound. The presidlent fell dlesperately in love --he wooed as a youth of twenty w.old~ woo, impetuously andl roman . tically. It wasn't a great while before ,they were engaged and a shor-t time ,later they were married quietly at the . Curc ofth Asensonin New Yor-k city. , G rove.r Cleveland (lid not marry un .til fair-ly late in life. Then ho fell in .. love with Frances F~olsom, the dlaugh-* I- Iter of his law partner. She was a ml girl whom ho had known from early .I (hiilhood--there was a time when she called him "Uncle (Cleve." Mr. e Clevelandl and Miss Folsom wvere l- Wedded in the famous Illue room at dI the White Ilouse. e For a long time it was thought that I- President Wilson andl Mrs. alt would ii be mnairried in the Whito l louse, Peo. .5 1p1e just supposed that Mrs. Galt would~ .. want to go dlown in history as an .a actual White House bride. Firom the 1. general feminine point of viewv F mr seemed really the only thing to do. g, Charming, tactful Mrs. Galt decided g, long ago, however, that a wvomax )f should be married in her own hmomi )t and not in that of her husband. 5ht e- did not believe in breaking the Amer lean-nay, the world--procedent ir d-. the matter. And in this all Washing ik ton approved. MARY ROBERTS RINEHART * A Mary Roberts Rinehart, the only woman correspondent who got ,to the actual fighting front In Europe and whose writings on the war are filling many pages of the magazines, was Ir Washington recently In the interests of her friends and tribal brothers. the Blackfeet Indians. OCCUPY WHOLE Of SERBIA FAIRLY CERTAIN THAT BULGAR IANS DO NOT INTEND TO IN VADE GREECE. Salonika and Gallipoli Peninsula Are Being Made Stronger Every Day. -Russians Prepare. London. - With the Anglo-French forces safely across the Greek frontier and close to thei- strongly fortified base at Saloniki, where reinforce ments are arriving daily, the second phas! of the Balkan campaign, which opened with the Teutonic Invasion of Servia and the defeat of her army, has closed and the people of the bel ligerent countries are anxiously wait ing for the next move. It seems fairly well settled that tle Bulgaria ns do nl ot jt end to invade Greece. an action which would likely cause dissensions in that country. which already is uneasy over the Bul garia." occupation of Mlonastir. Also it is not helieved that the Austrians and Germans have sufficient troops a vailable to attack the Entente Al lies. Wherever the Germans move they will find the Entente Allies prepared. Saloniki is being mlade stronger- (aily and hasu the hacking of warships, as also has the Gallipoli Peninsula, wvhere the Entente posltions likewise have beenu strengthuened. The Russians are believed by the military authorities to be ale to cope with any army the Teutonic Powers can collect on the Rumianian border, while Egypt, which Is saidl to be another of their object Ives also has been placedI in a state of defense. UPHOLD SUBMARINE COMMANDER Austro-Hungarlan Admiralty Approvea Sinking of Ancona. Vienna, by courier- to Berlin, via Lond(on.-Thle Austro-H ungarian Adl miralty Is entirely oposed to any- (lie avowel of the 'oursCe of the submnarit c-ommander who was responsible fot the sinking of the Italian steamer An (-ona. On the contrary, it appirover his conduct fully and declaries that le would have beeni considlered at having failed to perform Is duty ii he had allowedl thuc Ancona to escape The reply tto the American note, it is undecrstoodl, will be dleliveredl sooni Thle correspondent of the Associated Press has not been able to secure a forecast of the terms of the reply bul all indications arec that a pessimistic view at the situations Is justified. Washington.-While the gravity ol the situation existing between the IUited States andl austria-Hungary it emphasizedl by the statement of thc Austrian Admiralty giving unquallil approval of the action of the submnar ine commander wvho sank the Ancona afficials here said they wereo not sur prised to find the admniraly supp)Iorting Its officers. Haig Succeeds SIr John French. Londlon.-Field A.lar-shal Sir JTohr French, who at his own request hat been~t relieved of the comfmandl of the Biritish for-ces in France andl Flanders has been succeedled by Gen. Sir D~oug las Hlaig. Since thme landing of the ox lpeditionaty force, Sir Douglas Heilj has commanded the first army and hat been repeatedly mentioned in die patches by his chief, whonse Place h<t now takes. Sir John French becomel commander-in-chief of the armies i the United Kingdom for his sixtee' months servica. VIS-OROUSLY: RENEW DEMANDS IN NOTE IN SECOND NOTE TO AUSTRIA POSITION OF UNITED STATES WILL BE RESTATED. TO MENTION SOME FACTS Terms of Note Will Be Very Com plete-WIll Not Tolerate Any Delay In Answer. Washington. - The United States prepared to dispatch a second note to Austria-Hungary oi the sinking of the Italian steamship Ancona. The communication will vigorously renew ti denands made in tne first note; none of them according to an official announcement by Secretary Lansing, having been complied with by the Vienna foroign.office. It has been determined that the note shall restate the position and views of the United States, emphatically, I that it shall be even more vigorous than the first note, which was the most drastic of all the diplomatic com munications the United States has sent during the present war. The official text of the Austrian reply was considered by the presi dent and his cabinet. Apparently the official version contained nothing which made its meaning radically dif ferent from the unofficial version ca bled in news despatches from Lon don. After the cabinet meeting Mr. Lansing announced that none of the demaninds made by the United tSates had been acceded to. It was explained that the reply suggested further com munication on the subject and more specific information in support of the charges made by the United States. Official translation. .Mr. Lansing said, made the meaning of the Aus tro--ungarian note perfectly clear. The secretary previously had declared clared the unofficial version to be vague. Slight changes caused by variations in translation, existed be tween the two versions, he said,, after seeing the official text, but the mean ing in a broad sense was the same. Such a rejoinder is wholly unsatis factory and unacceptable to the American government and increases the gravity of the situation between the two nations. In regard to the second note. See retary Lansing and officials were reti cient. It was said, however, that the United States might give some of the facts asked for, though it would not uider any consideration enter into an extended discussion of details. The United States expe.-ts its demands to he promptly complied with and such apparent procrastination as officials for a "nation-wide advertising (-am answering the original inquiry for in formation, submitted soon after the ncona dlisaster. wvill not be allowved to pass without action. ENDORSE WILSON'S POLICIES. Southern Commercial Congress Glves Endorsement and Adjourns. Charleston, S. C.--Endorsement of "all the policies and principles of a national and international character announcedl by President Wilson," plans for a "ation-wide advertising cam paign in the interest of the South's resources andl opportunities," and pro liminar-y step~s toward organizing a committee to present to the Amer-ican people a "peace bell" as a "token of the love andl affection of the South to all the people of the land," occupied the attention of delegates to the South erni Commercial Congr-ess at its last session here. Endorsement of President 'Wilson's p)olicies wvas in that section of the resolr~tions approving the administra ion plans for rural credits legisla tion and a merchant marine. The suggestion for' a "peace bell" wvas madle by lBen Altheimer of $t. Louis. United States Senator Flech er of Flor'ida pres0idlent of the congress was empower'ed to ap~point a commit tee to promote the project. It was planned to pay for the bell by getting each school boy and girl to give one cent. Congress Adjourns for Christmas. Washington.,-Congress adjourned for the Chr'istmas holidays after tihe senate had adloptedl the joint resolu tion which passed the house extend ing the emergency reyenue law one year or until December 31, 1916. The senate adlopted the resolution after a lively partisan debate by a voe of 45 to 29. D~emocrats supplorting it solid ly and Republicans unanimously op posing it. President Wilson signed the measure. Both houses will re convene at noon Tuesday, January 4. Fects About Coast Defenses. Washington.-The war department bureau reports disclose the followving facts abeut the army of the United States and its coast defenses. The sys tem of cast defenses is "the most formidable in the world," but is short 530 officers and 10,828 ,men of the regular establishment and 271 officers - andl 9,891 men of the National Guard to man all forts and mine defenses. Congress has appropriated $175,000, 000 to establish the present system, but at present batteries whlich cost *41 A ava without trained men ARCH 0,1 0 This Is the most recent of the few photographs that have reached Amer. lca of Archduke Frederick, comman. der In chief of the armies of Austria. AVORS BALANCED NAVY N STATEMENT TO CONGRESS HE SUBMITS PLANS FOR WELL BALANCED NAVY. :)readnaughts of the Cialfornia Class Are Big Enough-Daniels Thinks Limit is Reached In Size. Washinigtoni.-Supler-dreadniauights of hie California class, displacing 23,000 ons, are declared to represent the ligh-water miark in the size of Amieri ,anl battleshipls, in a statement pre 3ented to Congress by Secretary IJaniels outlining the' lessons of the [ uropean war as to the best type of ihip for war. "It . would be unwise," the state-1 aent says, "to build dreadnaughts so arge that they could not easily pass blrough the Panamia Canal. It Is also >~elieved that in view of the increased :fficiency of the torpedo, the very ex% Lensive use of mnines and thebos rromi aircraft it is decidedly better to ncrease the fighting units in numbers 'ather than' In size, the high-water nark In size having been reached in vessels of the California class." The statement was submitted in '1esp~onse to a requirement df the last inaval appropriation 'ill that Con gress be furnished with at report "onl muilding four warships 'of the type, >~ower and speed which in his (the ;ecretary's) judgment, based 0on (nweggindfo h prva ng arinEuop, rebet uiedfo This chrces sso the mosirstno ate phopstoah thteav comecednderth d.Moficecdkrebeicke themresnt derin chie o thcaermeos f Autrie eananght ofndh Calfornia Class Lipito is apled in Size.sp vi arryiagozuedeahaoftse of hegaiteih class, diacingost,000ge ug-aponr mwrthouthdia sinefamein anlsplment.s Thnr ar stthentnavy ifitersd Coffgciasb Soeetaryh Jalieve otei1ninh' rilesnsoplted kind teste lvrastoar wth satisftyeoy 'esut woul lgo unis, thene state aunt says, ohr buil (radrg sfor L3elnventhat il vieo hed Jnese. Ofiny oe topeo Tken.ry Leysthe usepub ians Nandonaeombst incrase the figting pnits in numer91 rteulra tati na siznventionte mark Jnsie havng been bfreahei eocrateonent wasi SbtLui. repTe oa equretood:e as 'sLs, funihedadelpha, re2. o Erligrfou thipsoy thecoeite, Pnddernped~ upon i thisonvethon secetary's)h-dgmusent prbasem. Ad ikanowe astel fromeo the PRei warlicn thpa."ota teofesv Innt his rpltMr.lDanies apparent ly1iga toacs the et utm wfhal haoeewgiaing the patyanvyert deat met for anyouneekts asndodahes gen Asis Frane coRenease Gneranh. ahintton.-The-Unyear buildin ovenm entaived Amanssaor aSharp0 torn ficred winth 1vinchrorl pro has7inchaguans the eena bycthe r4-nch, 5cier eapos of t e Pnnsylania Asrans afrith Asrs shipsttombh pmpleolince them andp anl Juary. Immenit eea of thea aganist eighd on the atrost, lhargter weaure of withouto raicy ncreaon iro an Amertdcast veae, onithe haigsas resultshoulegl gouontheicationshnds C'onvetion WAican BeHltJne7 UN:SATISFLOTON Y 'j; PUBLISHED REPORTS OF REPLY TO AMERICAN NOTE ARE DISAPPbiNTING. U. S. MAY SEND SECOND NOTE Upholds Commander of Submarine, But Is Willing to Discuss the Matter Further. Washington.-The United States re gards Austria-H1ungary's reply ,to the Aierican note regarding the Ancona is being entirely unsatisfactory and anaccoptable. Persistence by Austria-Hungary in the course she apparently has deter mined to pursue would 't'esult in the severance of diplomatic relations be tween the United States and the Vi nuna Government. This step would not be taken by the United States, however, it was authoritatively stated, without one more communication be Ig dispatched to Austria-Hungary. The United States is described as being prepared to insist that Austria Hungary promptly comply with the dlemands for disavowal, punishment of the submarine commander and reparation by payment of indemnity for the Americans killed or injured In the destruction of the Italian liner, making it clear that failure will mean immediate breaking off of relations. This second note, if necessary, it is said, would renew the original de mands and without dealing in a dis cussion or exchange of views, would be of even more insistent nature as to the expectation of compliance with out further dolay. EXTEND EMERGENCY TAX. House Passes Resolution Extending Period For Another Year. Washington.-The house, by a vo of 205 to 189 passed the Joint reso tion extendng the emergency reven0 tax until December 31, 1916, Senate is expected to take like I. na (lay or two. The law is expected by adm' tion leaders to bring revenue treasury at the rate .of $82 year. The Republicans, yi against the resolutio , flve Progressives an -Callaway, Texas ent Ing, Colorado;.] .c n on Wingo. Ar 48 /. Seve amnidme 1 shorten t i extenlsio voted down.' Representative Kitchin of No. Carolina in his first spech as ma jority leader, told the house that un less the law was extended the treas ury Would face a deficit of more than $81,000,000 at the end of the next. fiscal year. "We D~emocrats know that no tax. is popular in time of peace," lie said,. "but we wouild be unworthy of the recordl of the Democrats under this. adlministration and this congress it we (lid not have the courage and pa triotism to arrange sufficient rev enues to meet the government's ab solute necessities." 1Ndr. Kitchin strongly defended the present tariff law, (declaring it was in no respect responsible for the neces sity- of c'ontinuing the emergency rev enue law. Handsome Christmas Gift. Chicago.-Officials of the Craneo Company announced that the com pany's annual Christmas gift to itia per cent of the annual salaries of each. man or woman empiloyedI for more than six montIhs. T1eni thousand em lloyes throughout. the country will share in the complany'Ni gift wvhich wvill total more than $700,000. Chugrchill Had Narrow Escape. L~ondlon.--Winston Spencer Church- A ill, who resigned his portfolio in the Cabinet to join his regiment at the front, had a narrow escape a few days ( ago, his dugout having been hit by a. German shell, according to wvounded. arriving here. New President Swiss Republic. Bearne, Switzerland, via Paris.-Ca millo (10 Coppet, was electedl Presi-. dent .of the S'wiss Republic andl Ed mund Schulhess, Vice President. M. do Coppet ir a former minister of jus. tice alnd the present Vine Presidlent of the Republic. The elections were held at a spiecial joint~ se~sioni of the national assembly. Trho American minister to Switzerland, Pleasant A. Stovali, with a party of Americans, occupiedl seats in the diplomatic gdl lery. Trho coerimony was brief and harmonious. Hearings on Woman Suffrage. Washington.-Wonj -suffrage ad. vocates and opiponents (debated the pro0posed federal suffrage amendlment b~efore congressional committees. Rep resentativo of the National WVoman Suffrage association, the Con gres sionatl Union and the National Aseso Ination Op~posedl to Suffrage weore giy. 3n a hearing by the Judiciary Corn rnittee of the house, and the Congres dional Union delegates also appeared4 >ofore the senate committee on suff. 'age. The women were pleading for a nation-wide vote.