Newspaper Page Text
A FAMILY AFFAI
Ceremony at Galt Home Marked
DETAILS ARE KEPT SECRET
Only Relatives of President and His
Bride Are Present-Start on Honey
moon Trip to South-Try to
Washington. Dec. 18.-In the pres
ene of relatives only. President Wil
son and .Mrs. E'dith Bolling Gait were
quietly and sitaiOply wedded this eve
ning ifn thle parlors of the bride's tin
pretentOis horne at 130w Twontieth
street. Tellre vas no fuss and feath
ers, and oIlleial and social circles
must wait for tollorrow's newspapers
befor" they know how it all came
about. Secretary of the Treasury Mv
Adoo was tle lone oflicial present and
he was there simply as Mr. Wilson's
Miss 1 ortlha Boiling of this city at
tended her sister. the bride. and a
sniall orehestra fromt tle i'Marile hand
furnished the iu ptial 11usic. 'Ihe bride
vore a dark traveling costuie and
-rried a huge houquet of orchids.
the bridegroom at the foot
:ond stairway in her loie
-her they went slowly to the
flowers erected at the east
- the parlors. The president
placeo on ier third Ic'ft-hand lin
ger a plain !ob circet engraved with
her initiaLM arid his owi. The cere
m : was i' uit ilost inl sillplicity
and taste-in keeping with the best
Keep Hour a Secret.
In order to avoid the crowds of curi
ons folk in Washington the hour of
the nob'ln was kept sec-dot until late
i :e i.1. The plan vo'ked with fair
sucess an1d the police h-id no trouble
SPRESIDpVT W4II oN
in handling the fewt hundred men,
wornen and child ron wiho pressedl
eagerly in the streets near the Galt
As soon as the ceremony wtas over
and the bride hald been saluted by
those present in tile neeustofmed fash
ion, while the smiling groom received
conigratlait itns, the newly-weds sped
away it a blig Whiite Illouse automobile
to tihe Uniloll stat ion andit took a train1)
to thle SouthI foir thi ho n iteymtoon. If
h(y t oldt alnyb1od1y thlei r deost inationl
that lp'rson kep1 t his seere't wveil. It
is re'porf ed fromn famiily ci rcles, ho0w
Over. t hat tile couleO will be away un
till t he fir st week ill Jan ualry.
'Thyc. muist b)e back in Washington
by J1anuaory 7, thbough. heca use on that
dat ' thle presidlenlt arl Nirs.. Wt'ils5on
will act as hotst a11)1 hostess at a great
r'eco1titoln to be giv\en in thle Whitt
House for thle l'anl-Amlerieann repre
senttatives at the natitonal capital
Moreover, conlgiress wtill havet' re'on
venled, after1 thle holiday seasonl, amll
Mr. Wilson will have to be back a
Only Relatives Are Present
Among thlose Present at the eere
mOnyV were: Mliss Mlargaret Wilsor
the prehident's ldest dlaughter; Mrs
F'raneis Ilowes C'ayr e of Willams
tOWnI, Mass., the president's secOni
(laughter; Mrs. William G. McAdoc
the priden(~it's youngest child; Mrn
Anne I lowe of Philadelphia, the pres
dent's sister; Joseph R,. Wilson of Ba
timiore, the president's brother, all
Miss len Woodrow Bones, thte pre;
The bride, who before her marring
to Norman Gait was Miss Edith iHo]
ing of Virginia, was well represente
withl kinsmen and klfnswomen. SI1
and her miothier, Mrs. William H. Blol
ing, have lived together for severn
years, and Mrs. Bolling, of course, wt
the dowager queen of the occasto:
The bride's sisters, Miss Blertl
Bolling of Washington and Mrs. H. I
Maury of Anniston, Ala., and he
brothers, John R~andlolph 1101111
Richard W. Boiling, Julian B. flollin
all of Washington; RI. E. Roiling
Pnama. and Dr. W. A. Bolling
Louisville, Ky., attended the cer
The president's bridA is a han
some woman. unusually good to lot
Vpon and t4' f4'4 'she has beetn
known as the &Aost perfectly golened
woman In WashingtoO, both because
she has exquisite taste and because
she has plenty of means to follow her
taste in dress. Her gowns have al
ways been chosen -with rare care and
she bought much from the fashionable
costumers in Paris, where she was a
frequent visitor before the war.
Those who are in a position to know
say the bride spent several'months in
the preparation of her trousseau, be
ing aided in this important labor by
her mother, who also is a woman of
extraordinary discernment. it was all
complete, 'tis whispered, two weeks
before the date of the wedding. Some
controversy arose as to the origin of
the gowns and frocks and linens and
laces. There were stories to the ef
fect that French supply houses balked
at furnishing anything through the
medium of German-American middle
men. Most of the stories were base
less, bo it said truthfully, for the
bride's wedding outfit was almost en
tirely of American origin.
Orchids Her Favorite.
Dark green and orchid are the pre.
doninating hues in the trousseau
gowns, for orchids are the new Mrs.
Wilson's favorite flowers. There are
traveling gowns, street frocks and eve
ning gowns of amazing loveliness
whi-h wilbe Sven much this winter,
for the White louse is to be re
opened for a series of old-time enter
taiinients. The four great official re
(eptions1. which were omitted last win
ter, will be resumed, and there will be
matinee teas and frequent musicales.
Mr. Wilson is the sixth president of
the U'nitel States to marry a widow.
W\as iingtott. Jefferson, Madison, Fill
more nind Ieniamin larrison were his
predecessors in this sort of a union,
but in not inore than one or two cases
was the widow the second wife-as in
this case. John Tyler and Theodore
Roosevelt narried twice, but their
s14end wives had not been wedded be
It is scarcely necessary to recall
George Washington's marriage. The
world knows of his courtship, engage
mint and espousal. His love was the
"Widow Custis." Thomas Jefferson,
at the home of a friend, John Wayles.
met Martha Skelton, Wayles' widowed
daughter. She was a beautiful wom
an, much sought after, but Jefferson
finally won her heart.
Perhaps D~olly Madison, wife of
President Janmes Madison, is best
known generally to Americans of all
generations next to Martha Washing
John Tyler's Romance.
John Tyler was twice mlarriedl, the
se'ond~ time while he was president.
His first wvife was Letitia Christian,
who belonged to one of tho old fami
lies of Virginia. Mrs. Tyler bore the
president nine children. Just before
her husband was elected v'ice presi
(lent of the Unlited1 States she sufferedl
a stroke of paralysls and a short time
after ho suceeed~ WVilliajnllnr
H arrison as President she died(-in the
'rho secondl winteir after her death
the president met Julia, the dauighter
of a Mr. Gardiner; who lived on one of
the islands in Long Island sound.
The presidlent fell dlesperately in love
--he wooed as a youth of twenty
w.old~ woo, impetuously andl roman
. tically. It wasn't a great while before
,they were engaged and a shor-t time
,later they were married quietly at the
. Curc ofth Asensonin New
, G rove.r Cleveland (lid not marry un
.til fair-ly late in life. Then ho fell in
.. love with Frances F~olsom, the dlaugh-*
I- Iter of his law partner. She was a
ml girl whom ho had known from early
.I (hiilhood--there was a time when
she called him "Uncle (Cleve." Mr.
e Clevelandl and Miss Folsom wvere
l- Wedded in the famous Illue room at
dI the White Ilouse.
e For a long time it was thought that
I- President Wilson andl Mrs. alt would
ii be mnairried in the Whito l louse, Peo.
.5 1p1e just supposed that Mrs. Galt would~
.. want to go dlown in history as an
.a actual White House bride. Firom the
1. general feminine point of viewv F
mr seemed really the only thing to do.
g, Charming, tactful Mrs. Galt decided
g, long ago, however, that a wvomax
)f should be married in her own hmomi
)t and not in that of her husband. 5ht
e- did not believe in breaking the Amer
lean-nay, the world--procedent ir
d-. the matter. And in this all Washing
ik ton approved.
MARY ROBERTS RINEHART
Mary Roberts Rinehart, the only
woman correspondent who got ,to the
actual fighting front In Europe and
whose writings on the war are filling
many pages of the magazines, was Ir
Washington recently In the interests
of her friends and tribal brothers. the
OCCUPY WHOLE Of SERBIA
FAIRLY CERTAIN THAT BULGAR
IANS DO NOT INTEND TO IN
Salonika and Gallipoli Peninsula Are
Being Made Stronger Every Day.
London. - With the Anglo-French
forces safely across the Greek frontier
and close to thei- strongly fortified
base at Saloniki, where reinforce
ments are arriving daily, the second
phas! of the Balkan campaign, which
opened with the Teutonic Invasion of
Servia and the defeat of her army,
has closed and the people of the bel
ligerent countries are anxiously wait
ing for the next move.
It seems fairly well settled that tle
Bulgaria ns do nl ot jt end to invade
Greece. an action which would likely
cause dissensions in that country.
which already is uneasy over the Bul
garia." occupation of Mlonastir. Also
it is not helieved that the Austrians
and Germans have sufficient troops
a vailable to attack the Entente Al
Wherever the Germans move they
will find the Entente Allies prepared.
Saloniki is being mlade stronger- (aily
and hasu the hacking of warships, as
also has the Gallipoli Peninsula, wvhere
the Entente posltions likewise have
beenu strengthuened. The Russians are
believed by the military authorities to
be ale to cope with any army the
Teutonic Powers can collect on the
Rumianian border, while Egypt, which
Is saidl to be another of their object
Ives also has been placedI in a state
UPHOLD SUBMARINE COMMANDER
Austro-Hungarlan Admiralty Approvea
Sinking of Ancona.
Vienna, by courier- to Berlin, via
Lond(on.-Thle Austro-H ungarian Adl
miralty Is entirely oposed to any- (lie
avowel of the 'oursCe of the submnarit
c-ommander who was responsible fot
the sinking of the Italian steamer An
(-ona. On the contrary, it appirover
his conduct fully and declaries that
le would have beeni considlered at
having failed to perform Is duty ii
he had allowedl thuc Ancona to escape
The reply tto the American note, it
is undecrstoodl, will be dleliveredl sooni
Thle correspondent of the Associated
Press has not been able to secure a
forecast of the terms of the reply bul
all indications arec that a pessimistic
view at the situations Is justified.
Washington.-While the gravity ol
the situation existing between the
IUited States andl austria-Hungary it
emphasizedl by the statement of thc
Austrian Admiralty giving unquallil
approval of the action of the submnar
ine commander wvho sank the Ancona
afficials here said they wereo not sur
prised to find the admniraly supp)Iorting
Haig Succeeds SIr John French.
Londlon.-Field A.lar-shal Sir JTohr
French, who at his own request hat
been~t relieved of the comfmandl of the
Biritish for-ces in France andl Flanders
has been succeedled by Gen. Sir D~oug
las Hlaig. Since thme landing of the ox
lpeditionaty force, Sir Douglas Heilj
has commanded the first army and hat
been repeatedly mentioned in die
patches by his chief, whonse Place h<t
now takes. Sir John French becomel
commander-in-chief of the armies i
the United Kingdom for his sixtee'
DEMANDS IN NOTE
IN SECOND NOTE TO AUSTRIA
POSITION OF UNITED STATES
WILL BE RESTATED.
TO MENTION SOME FACTS
Terms of Note Will Be Very Com
plete-WIll Not Tolerate Any
Delay In Answer.
Washington. - The United States
prepared to dispatch a second note
to Austria-Hungary oi the sinking of
the Italian steamship Ancona. The
communication will vigorously renew
ti denands made in tne first note;
none of them according to an official
announcement by Secretary Lansing,
having been complied with by the
It has been determined that the note
shall restate the position and views
of the United States, emphatically, I
that it shall be even more vigorous
than the first note, which was the
most drastic of all the diplomatic com
munications the United States has
sent during the present war.
The official text of the Austrian
reply was considered by the presi
dent and his cabinet. Apparently the
official version contained nothing
which made its meaning radically dif
ferent from the unofficial version ca
bled in news despatches from Lon
don. After the cabinet meeting Mr.
Lansing announced that none of the
demaninds made by the United tSates
had been acceded to. It was explained
that the reply suggested further com
munication on the subject and more
specific information in support of the
charges made by the United States.
Official translation. .Mr. Lansing
said, made the meaning of the Aus
tro--ungarian note perfectly clear.
The secretary previously had declared
clared the unofficial version to be
vague. Slight changes caused by
variations in translation, existed be
tween the two versions, he said,, after
seeing the official text, but the mean
ing in a broad sense was the same.
Such a rejoinder is wholly unsatis
factory and unacceptable to the
American government and increases
the gravity of the situation between
the two nations.
In regard to the second note. See
retary Lansing and officials were reti
cient. It was said, however, that the
United States might give some of
the facts asked for, though it would
not uider any consideration enter into
an extended discussion of details. The
United States expe.-ts its demands to
he promptly complied with and such
apparent procrastination as officials
for a "nation-wide advertising (-am
answering the original inquiry for in
formation, submitted soon after the
ncona dlisaster. wvill not be allowved to
pass without action.
ENDORSE WILSON'S POLICIES.
Southern Commercial Congress Glves
Endorsement and Adjourns.
Charleston, S. C.--Endorsement of
"all the policies and principles of a
national and international character
announcedl by President Wilson," plans
for a "ation-wide advertising cam
paign in the interest of the South's
resources andl opportunities," and pro
liminar-y step~s toward organizing a
committee to present to the Amer-ican
people a "peace bell" as a "token of
the love andl affection of the South
to all the people of the land," occupied
the attention of delegates to the South
erni Commercial Congr-ess at its last
Endorsement of President 'Wilson's
p)olicies wvas in that section of the
resolr~tions approving the administra
ion plans for rural credits legisla
tion and a merchant marine.
The suggestion for' a "peace bell"
wvas madle by lBen Altheimer of $t.
Louis. United States Senator Flech
er of Flor'ida pres0idlent of the congress
was empower'ed to ap~point a commit
tee to promote the project. It was
planned to pay for the bell by getting
each school boy and girl to give one
Congress Adjourns for Christmas.
for the Chr'istmas holidays after tihe
senate had adloptedl the joint resolu
tion which passed the house extend
ing the emergency reyenue law one
year or until December 31, 1916. The
senate adlopted the resolution after a
lively partisan debate by a voe of 45
to 29. D~emocrats supplorting it solid
ly and Republicans unanimously op
posing it. President Wilson signed
the measure. Both houses will re
convene at noon Tuesday, January 4.
Fects About Coast Defenses.
Washington.-The war department
bureau reports disclose the followving
facts abeut the army of the United
States and its coast defenses. The sys
tem of cast defenses is "the most
formidable in the world," but is short
530 officers and 10,828 ,men of the
regular establishment and 271 officers
- andl 9,891 men of the National Guard
to man all forts and mine defenses.
Congress has appropriated $175,000,
000 to establish the present system,
but at present batteries whlich cost
*41 A ava without trained men
ARCH 0,1 0
This Is the most recent of the few
photographs that have reached Amer.
lca of Archduke Frederick, comman.
der In chief of the armies of Austria.
AVORS BALANCED NAVY
N STATEMENT TO CONGRESS HE
SUBMITS PLANS FOR WELL
:)readnaughts of the Cialfornia Class
Are Big Enough-Daniels Thinks
Limit is Reached In Size.
hie California class, displacing 23,000
ons, are declared to represent the
ligh-water miark in the size of Amieri
,anl battleshipls, in a statement pre
3ented to Congress by Secretary
IJaniels outlining the' lessons of the
[ uropean war as to the best type of
ihip for war.
"It . would be unwise," the state-1
aent says, "to build dreadnaughts so
arge that they could not easily pass
blrough the Panamia Canal. It Is also
>~elieved that in view of the increased
:fficiency of the torpedo, the very ex%
Lensive use of mnines and thebos
rromi aircraft it is decidedly better to
ncrease the fighting units in numbers
'ather than' In size, the high-water
nark In size having been reached in
vessels of the California class."
The statement was submitted in
'1esp~onse to a requirement df the last
inaval appropriation 'ill that Con
gress be furnished with at report "onl
muilding four warships 'of the type,
>~ower and speed which in his (the
;ecretary's) judgment, based 0on
(nweggindfo h prva
ng arinEuop, rebet uiedfo
This chrces sso the mosirstno ate
phopstoah thteav comecednderth
derin chie o thcaermeos f Autrie
eananght ofndh Calfornia Class
Lipito is apled in Size.sp
vi arryiagozuedeahaoftse of
hegaiteih class, diacingost,000ge
ug-aponr mwrthouthdia sinefamein
anlsplment.s Thnr ar stthentnavy
ifitersd Coffgciasb Soeetaryh
Jalieve otei1ninh' rilesnsoplted
kind teste lvrastoar wth satisftyeoy
'esut woul lgo unis, thene state
aunt says, ohr buil (radrg sfor
L3elnventhat il vieo hed Jnese.
Ofiny oe topeo Tken.ry
Leysthe usepub ians Nandonaeombst
incrase the figting pnits in numer91
rteulra tati na siznventionte
mark Jnsie havng been bfreahei
eocrateonent wasi SbtLui.
repTe oa equretood:e as
'sLs, funihedadelpha, re2. o
Erligrfou thipsoy thecoeite,
Pnddernped~ upon i thisonvethon
secetary's)h-dgmusent prbasem. Ad
ikanowe astel fromeo the PRei
warlicn thpa."ota teofesv
Innt his rpltMr.lDanies apparent
ly1iga toacs the et utm wfhal
haoeewgiaing the patyanvyert deat
met for anyouneekts asndodahes gen
Asis Frane coRenease Gneranh.
ovenm entaived Amanssaor aSharp0
torn ficred winth 1vinchrorl pro
has7inchaguans the eena bycthe
r4-nch, 5cier eapos of t e
Pnnsylania Asrans afrith Asrs
shipsttombh pmpleolince them andp
anl Juary. Immenit eea of thea
aganist eighd on the atrost, lhargter
weaure of withouto raicy ncreaon iro
an Amertdcast veae, onithe haigsas
C'onvetion WAican BeHltJne7
UN:SATISFLOTON Y 'j;
PUBLISHED REPORTS OF REPLY
TO AMERICAN NOTE ARE
U. S. MAY SEND SECOND NOTE
Upholds Commander of Submarine,
But Is Willing to Discuss the
Washington.-The United States re
gards Austria-H1ungary's reply ,to the
Aierican note regarding the Ancona
is being entirely unsatisfactory and
Persistence by Austria-Hungary in
the course she apparently has deter
mined to pursue would 't'esult in the
severance of diplomatic relations be
tween the United States and the Vi
nuna Government. This step would
not be taken by the United States,
however, it was authoritatively stated,
without one more communication be
Ig dispatched to Austria-Hungary.
The United States is described as
being prepared to insist that Austria
Hungary promptly comply with the
dlemands for disavowal, punishment
of the submarine commander and
reparation by payment of indemnity
for the Americans killed or injured
In the destruction of the Italian liner,
making it clear that failure will mean
immediate breaking off of relations.
This second note, if necessary, it is
said, would renew the original de
mands and without dealing in a dis
cussion or exchange of views, would
be of even more insistent nature as
to the expectation of compliance with
out further dolay.
EXTEND EMERGENCY TAX.
House Passes Resolution Extending
Period For Another Year.
Washington.-The house, by a vo
of 205 to 189 passed the Joint reso
tion extendng the emergency reven0
tax until December 31, 1916,
Senate is expected to take like
I. na (lay or two.
The law is expected by adm'
tion leaders to bring revenue
treasury at the rate .of $82
The Republicans, yi
against the resolutio ,
flve Progressives an
-Callaway, Texas ent
Ing, Colorado;.] .c n on
Wingo. Ar 48 /. Seve
amnidme 1 shorten t i
extenlsio voted down.'
Representative Kitchin of No.
Carolina in his first spech as ma
jority leader, told the house that un
less the law was extended the treas
ury Would face a deficit of more than
$81,000,000 at the end of the next.
"We D~emocrats know that no tax.
is popular in time of peace," lie said,.
"but we wouild be unworthy of the
recordl of the Democrats under this.
adlministration and this congress it
we (lid not have the courage and pa
triotism to arrange sufficient rev
enues to meet the government's ab
1Ndr. Kitchin strongly defended the
present tariff law, (declaring it was in
no respect responsible for the neces
sity- of c'ontinuing the emergency rev
Handsome Christmas Gift.
Chicago.-Officials of the Craneo
Company announced that the com
pany's annual Christmas gift to itia
per cent of the annual salaries of each.
man or woman empiloyedI for more
than six montIhs. T1eni thousand em
lloyes throughout. the country will
share in the complany'Ni gift wvhich wvill
total more than $700,000.
Chugrchill Had Narrow Escape.
L~ondlon.--Winston Spencer Church- A
ill, who resigned his portfolio in the
Cabinet to join his regiment at the
front, had a narrow escape a few days (
ago, his dugout having been hit by a.
German shell, according to wvounded.
New President Swiss Republic.
Bearne, Switzerland, via Paris.-Ca
millo (10 Coppet, was electedl Presi-.
dent .of the S'wiss Republic andl Ed
mund Schulhess, Vice President. M.
do Coppet ir a former minister of jus.
tice alnd the present Vine Presidlent of
the Republic. The elections were
held at a spiecial joint~ se~sioni of the
national assembly. Trho American
minister to Switzerland, Pleasant A.
Stovali, with a party of Americans,
occupiedl seats in the diplomatic gdl
lery. Trho coerimony was brief and
Hearings on Woman Suffrage.
Washington.-Wonj -suffrage ad.
vocates and opiponents (debated the
pro0posed federal suffrage amendlment
b~efore congressional committees. Rep
resentativo of the National WVoman
Suffrage association, the Con gres
sionatl Union and the National Aseso
Ination Op~posedl to Suffrage weore giy.
3n a hearing by the Judiciary Corn
rnittee of the house, and the Congres
dional Union delegates also appeared4
>ofore the senate committee on suff.
'age. The women were pleading for
a nation-wide vote.