Newspaper Page Text
By JERLE DAVIS.
HAT a ghastly holiday Christmas wvill be in Europe this year. Mil lions of families in 'mourning, ml-l lions of women and chiildren sarr in~g, millions of hemesit- in ruins, millions of new graves, millions of deadl men that haven't even the shelter of earth, millions of square miles of fertile land laid waste by war, millions of men killing fathers, husbands, brothers, sonls and sweet 4 hearts. Belgium, Serbia, northern France and Poland ~an i are a Hlades of wreckage. In Germany overyone n1 is liigon short rations and turning all energies uto the pursuit of war. Even the half-grown boys . of France are under arms awaiting the call to the trenches. Austria and Italy and England and ussia and Bulgaria are pouring their money into ~ ~ le mill that turns out guns and explosives while ~'poor exist in the misery of semistarvation, ing their mite of food and fuel and clothing king their turn in the "bread line." gi --* alte iisand villages of the con ~- f'tigthe little neutral nations--one OP been, veterans of other wars, and - "- - 4 my- - .no are recovering from wounds w in this oi 9.. Everywhere are hospiltals. Schools, churches, factories, homes--every sort of habitable place is filled with wounded. And one of the most flourishing enterprises over there is the sale of artificial limbs. Even from Asia comes the wail of sorrow, for Mohammedan Turkey is religiously sla.ughtering its hundreds of thousands of Christian Armenian subjects. News dispatches of the last few days describe the terrible plight of refugees-penni less, raggedl, hungry, diseased, noncombatants and exhausted, beaten soldiers-who are sweeping out of desolated Serbia into Greece. We read ol women with children In arms spending a monti: tramping through tile snow-covered .mounitains hoping in the end to find a little warmth and food and~ peace. We read of frozen roadways strewn with the bodies of those that stopped on .the way for a bit-of rest-and never went on. Jone of the hundred million of us in the United Statas can appreciate the horror of it all. Some of our war correspondlents over there have seen and heard, but none has suffered and endured as those who are a part of the conflagration. Santa Claus will have a sorry time abroad this year. Fathers and mothers ha~ve neither the heart nor the means of commemorating the birth of the Child of Bethlehem and his mission among men. Of necessity they and their children will fast instead of feast-if there is any feasting it will be a feast of prayer and hope. America sent no Christmas ship abroad this -year. Why not? some of us may ask. Why not? with the United States at the height of prosperity and blessed with peace, Perhaps because we realize what a horror the war is, A prominent ,newspaper man in one of our large cities-a man who had much to do with the success of the ,project last year-had this to say when the ques tion was brought up: "A Christmas ship this year-a boatload or two or three boatloads of dolls and jumping-jacks and *red apples and candy and cakes and mittens andl red-top boots for the kids of Europe? I shall not dwell on the fact that the warring nations have * become much more deadly i their hats &nd sus picion and probably would refuse safe passage for the cargoes from one country to another, I shall not cnern myself with the fact that th. naons HE , j )NNTAL DAY OF THE 4'RINCE OF PE ACE RINGS TO MILLIONO F HOMES ONLY THE MEMORYf OF D EAR ONES FOR EVER GONE AND THE GLOOM OF FADING HOPE. .~~ ~~ .. . . . . ... ................... .... ... ...... ....,.,. 4 fire on this, the day of good will. In Germany and Austria every housemother and every father makes Christmas the feast for the chiildren,. the gret dlay of reunion, the glad time when all meet undler the old roer-tree, an~i social II emb'roomledrevailuovnrtrelUnited Statesvas(aegreehy Christmasrtreegifat andulsleeksfeedingononbtheir life blood, andpprobabdynwouodereturn ourhgifts't usth weran eoprtwi",Nionthank-yoaeuus."l withthheyeopelessnessmofrthe situatuon.oHereusn Americasomethineasallsuejmaysreasonably servioe Proveiprnse--conthatrane ourenwneeded af loalways andratedias oneustocl. expecthireItaly.aThererthd nightnoftteepywarriofleorasreligeousrfestival tha acfair. whllworldseems aborbednindeliriou eMrileloski uopte Une dingatnths agrnes xieet n l rodrudPliel n ofma st rating cold and dsleae forewn onfhi fo d ivrhmevshlroul iltecuce lic lo, aheltroably medcld. etur ou gftsto- l~ hm frtemdigtms. Bt h u . 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Oer ther thy tr rai s edn he ild wt a usd h lo o theyoned otporso od oecie and nussadsntary hossosupNcoa;ad-ti )~v~ nms curel ils. o ets for gefrtiost. m eno s ecin.htS.Ncoa oe olap' "Le lioncentroe are g dving I ny theagoie he p atoyvsten ysbfrChimsto-a otatod cofld and thsase forl wae w omode-c cide ae engo. li evsot *Ly oet u ld 1)pon thesme ircumstaces forophe god ut hi frhsewohv ben ad rcesbraed lcristatibeor thfer thswar.n h hsknwta hy a xe rslt oitiu chilrean Blgittecad andChrit wvhe thae s, ee boothk a ppar mittns he te y nedithouta Crst~ hbnane and clthng oll abnz wtoy tranls whnd I ebaadte9hrikncutis gtene dtrandes nrse andr hosanitar sups dwtnteca eoe stesud es plnie Nome thightn tinket fnoor olit m Noes anTheitrdipthshssnst h o t mt ha t old sfic nd thatonge d the wenlce-nt resad, h xerrofesu ryr pCestas soon s possibe." theveryrwheoraeirofgloesdtaeshennd aLet s lookfuona the manneor inwhc so, o e fu fcontlng taais heteanaas ceerdChristmas beforng the ar.ngo morning, n liof Crsms oyu Thares the boths, tope itn , the e n, wtout fligraigcrflatetot h aso h hnrstace andmp, al aybolae of th ctande t and uld-,wihprsrbs mn thrtig glitteing teasures, mfor e ihoeod ut i t hal h usb al noepriua ie good-ll so bvrght tinkeexpressed efNoe rfe- Oc eld h rei are oeadlae midngh mas Isithiec the mrn hrl fp agnifoundntg gis h ats~eo h ii~,weei e Christas hyn the cant ry he ads and tahsens an ileeig rteitewf ihstoc aisn g l eurful hli fog h nc h our k on r sof ith isa d esad laesoe n tlrsie fth do Chritmas fmri the pudin mtib gmaten ian oftheviete ubn osfrt obigi h theot rlcd win sntrcninadyankamiun 'rhee i theboulin o b eatn, he clenor Theomstrvi over rehgouse 0 tosrnes. "The Chritmaslam, sybolcal f te str tat gi rito aho tee fou cbqo seynerso h romhay ig 0(1 he agito thlhem to e lghtd, te lt, schieerung so: hea gifas. Tof proie ithese, t~e rece t 1) exose, ad al hppiess al inthe nera pople wln Inee the , ameofte up hlf ~i rng wth te grnd coral of eacesouningAll ach evronm em ainso othehouseoed must f te ors n te cunty th las ad lssis cackln ro sthing sprig .t geneagleress - merilydrg hmethebuhe o cei crreqlonc. ntjabloreent po tiat e ote e eded witdahiay Ing o ou Yue lo, whch s kidledby he hadntey arly benough, the s i wes'tm ast s noicede of te fa ily theboudn mst he enenght teob the e arthodoxs urligiou fetisa tian hot pice win set ronand manya miun Citmast cand hal carod rond ouneo Citand lartadig i mdecle- ~sd th Critma leeron must or to e vice.tmas lt h u BIGGEST HARVEST EVER RECORDED LARGE CROPS AND GOOD PRICE RULE THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. AN UNUSUAL COMBINATION For First Time in History Extraordi nary Production and High Prices Have Prevailed. Washington.-The nation's harvests his yoar have surpassed any ever be fore recorded. Tlie value of the lrin cipal t'arm crops, basel Oil prices paidi to farmers I)eeember 1. was announe ed by the department of agrictiltuire ill its final estimate as $5,568,773.000 mak ing 1915 a banner year both in valito and inl production (if crops. The uinusual situation of oxtraor (linary proluction and high prices, probably never before so pronounced is crelited principally to the 1i0ro pein war. With the price of grain soaring as the war irogressed, American farmers began the season by planting greater areas to grain. The acreage of the principal crop this year aggregated approxiniately 486,570 square miles. 'lint is larger than the comlibined area of (ernnny, France. 13elgiuin, -olland. Denmark and Switzerland. Corn was planted1 on 108,321.000 acres. the seconl largest area over planted, an1(l tlie harvest was 3.054, 535.000 bushols, the seconl largest crop ever grown. Its value was $I, 755,859,000, exceeding that of thle previous most valuable corin crop by $33,000,000. New recordls were made iit prodCue lion1 by wheat, oats, barley, rye sweet potatoes, rice and hay, while tobacco closely appron(hed its proluti ion rec ord, 1.103.415,001) pounlids, ia1e in 1910. liach of these crops, in tlldi tion, established records as being the most valuable crop over grown, ex cept in the case of barley and tobac CO. Production of the first billion bush el wheat crop anli(, seconl three-bil lion bushel coln clop were features of the year. Wheat acreage aggre gateet 59,898,000 acres, or 6,000.000 iiore thani ever before. The yield was 16.9 bushels an acre, the largest aere yieltl for wilnter aild spring wheat comblind ever attained inl this coui try. The final est huntes of production was 1,011,505,000 bulishels with a val ue of $930,302,000. The crop ox (ceod(( last year's whlch was a rec ordl, by more than 120,000,000 bush els and by $50,000,000 in valie. Oaj s, rye, potatoes. sweet potatoos andl tobacco all Wwr llntedl oil rec ord areas. Oats exceodedi its record proidhuction of 1915 by 122.000.000 husliels and its recori value of 1914 by $5ti,000,000. IIa rley prod 11(etion wvas 1 3,000,0)00 bush els more thani tihe 1912 r'ecordl crop an11( was wvorth $4, (000,0)00 inorie t hani the former niost valtinable crop that grows in 1914. Itt i plassed the 1 9 13 recordl by 3, 200,000 butshelt's all1(1 its 1 91 2 recoril valuedl by $1,700,000. Tlhe a pple crop was 7t;,670,000 valui ed1 at $1 56,407,000; thle bean crop, ii lie thre1e prinipal proh cliig slates, 9,325,000) butshels-- -a dlecrease of I, 6188,000 butshels- vattiedl at $27,558,000 aiid the cran berry crop, 457,0)00 bush els, valued at. $2,8-1i,000. Thie valueo of these three crops are0 ineluided in t'ie year's total. The valute of each crop was an riiunced as follows: Trhe value this year of each crog. basedl on its fairm pr-ice on D)ecemiber 1, with last year's valuie, is anniounc. ed as follows: (in thousands, 1. o., 000 omiitted). <uo..............17559$,2,7 Winoter wheat.. ......2,1 7.2 Sping I whetit t.. .....359 0t Alt wheat .. .......9032 55.x <>ots ..............'i559 4941 1Harl0y............2,I9 3.0 flye.... .... .....*i9 7 liuckwhieat....,,.....,0) 12,9 He'lxsot-dl.. .. ........2td) I, Itidn................2;i i~l Poatatoes.. .. .. ......2,0 9 tSweet pota toes . . . ;Ix1 I.2 Iliny.. .. .. .......9 .2 7. 'Iobaco.......t;2:9t 551 8'ogto .. ts.. .. ...... illO~lhit, 't~ciiI , .ii 1 ,755,l- 59 $i1,722,070oot 10111 o aout$ , 3,l0,902). agalot .,62,~1.,00tot 30- . Acr 19.5-1 agat list 6-1.1l0st1ye, i W ilerwii;iI I rol.. t~i 46,0 (5 4s,29 Pr~e 5. iils,1141.(is 96.04; 10 H ,4..1 ugar beg t . .n , I ..lllIlI (l 350 30.43.xi~i 1 'rluetx, (' Isuc a g in sto 9o.ix l a ta. All whoial I'roiltowll 1,ring0 thbyas tota.t agbot $1t0,000000,0y0r.Ac. yier 1detilseof the rls .r stw: (l'. <Orn I: Produi c litioll, 3,054.35 bushels, agairist ,72,604.000) last y. Acr yeh yield bu.sheels, aga st 25. 7 laxt 3r. Prc 6lltagainst 43.4 last year. Wt ite r heat l'r onlut2o 67.0 45 bulsh e:lcF agint- 9.9 99911 ls yeasta. Acre ll yieh 16.2 bus ushe, o ist again st 19. a last year. 51.rie95. centsait .6 bas ye.. S 'roil whet: l'olln49,19 3usel.6 bga ,h ed77, aist year,27. cr0 lst year. 1A.r yiuldu-s 1 a3 buhls 1g in.5 . last yea r.I'ii Prfli('ii.ts et aga i s t 9 last year. Al t'wheatI: l'riluei(ttin I.01..9000 bulsh - cls, agalinst It91.01,000 last yearii. Aern yild 196 buishiels, aga ist 16.2 last year. P'rice 72. cents. aigainst 76.6I last year. O~'ase I 'roducton 1.503624 bushehls, against 1,.1000 lat year. Aernl ie.1 37.els biglist, aIa ll2.lit yea1r. P1.ri aat.1 $ent2, aast 43ca.8atyer 1arle: 1 'rodutioin 237.09 bushiel5. .-(A lsint 121.93 000 last year. Acre yIeldi 35..7 bee, agaInst 4.1 last year. -ro &3. cents. ,gaist 96. last yer. SPEND HONEYMO0 AT HOTSPRINGS, VAN PRESIDENT WILSON AND BRIDF WILL BE AT HOMESTEAD HOTEL. REMAIN UNTIL NEW YEAR Will Be Away From White House Two Weeks Unless Developments Necessitate Early Return. Washington.-President Wilson and Mrs. Edith Boiling Galt were married at 8:30 o'clock and left afterward to spend their honeymoon at Hot Springs, Va. The President and his bride traveled in a private car at (ached to a special train leaving hero at. 11:10 o'clock which is due to ar rive in 1lot Springs next morning at 8:15 a. In. At Ilot Springs, Mr. and Mrs. Wil son will live at the I oimestead Hotel ntil after New Year's I)ay unless some development should necessitate the P'esident's earlier return to the 'iitail. Two White House automo IlIIes have have been sent on ahead and the couple expect to spend their honeymon motoring, golfing and walk in'g over the mountain trails. Beside the secret service guard, the Iarty wits a(e'ompanied by a stenograplher. 'ITe President will keep in touch with the White IHouse over special wires. Shortly after 10 o'clock the Prest dlent and Mrs.,1Wilson entered a wait Ilg White Touse automobile and illo fored. to Alexandria. across the Po nomnae. to take their private car there and avold a crowd at the railroad station in the city. Hot SprIngs, Va.-President Wilson and his bride. the former MIns. Norman Galt, arrived here shortly after 9 o'clock to speid their honeymoon. They w ere med it atithe triiin by a crowd of seve'ral huhidd(I people who ap plauded as they alighted from their private car. NEW NOTE RENEWS DEMANDS. Austria Must Pay Indemnity, Punish Commander and Disavow Act. Washington.- The new Amerincan note to Atistria-Illungary regardinig the ainking of the Italian steamship An ena has been cabled to Ambassador Petieold for presentation to the vienna for Ignt off(ice. Secretary Lansing and other officials of the state depa ti n t dec1lined to fliulge tiny .in forimuat ion nolneriling the coinmuieinationi. From ot her re liable sourices. howe'er, cam111e a strong intimation that, the flnal draft of the note iia(I le(ni compliileltd by Secretary Lansing during tle day and had been plit il code 1and started oi its way over the Cables. A veil of secrecy has surrounded te 'ommienltctioni ever sinice aL White 110onse imessenigeri carriied a prel imi nar iy dIra ft lfromi President Wilisoin to Secret ary Lanashing. IIlowever, it is kntown thiiat the secret ary s pen t cou sidlerable Iiime at work developing the idleas the ilresidlen t had ouiin ed. As ('ompl)1et ed theC note is b11elived to have beent conisiderall more leng thy I tan thle fi rst. Ceta int 11011ons o f thle text of thle miote were said( to b~e nearly 1(dent1ical with ptortion of the tirst. Tihe demands o' thie tUnited States which are reiter at ed areni for' disavowval, pluniishiment of thle subarha ine (comm and(er- and rep aration bty thle payment of indeimnity for' the Amier'icnns killed and intjuredh. For Great Merchant Marine. Washington.--American shipyards have uder, c'onstruci(tion now mere vessels than ever' before were build inig in the United States to adId to an Americani merchant marine whose gr-oss tonnage is the largest in the country's history, said At rep~ort issuedi bty the coimmissmioni of navigation. Newspapers Qdit Party. L~ondor.---A C'hristiania dispatch to the Morning Post, says that several newspaper corrisp)ondenits as the re suilt of a qiOfarrel, will quit the F'ord p~eaco exp~ed(itfin while tile steamer is in port. Says War Will Boon Be Over. C'hristian Ia, via London.-"Eivery natlont in the wvor'ld will sooni look up on American p~eace pilgIms as taking the initiative in stopin~lg history's wvort wvar. Tfhie laniding of the peace expeditiont in Europe will 1)e recorded sa one0 of the most benevolent things the A meilcan republlic ever dhid," said IHenry Ford to the Associated Press replresenitativ't on stepping ashore on Norwegian soil. The steamship Os .ar' Ii, car'rying the Ford peace ex pedition, arrived at this port on Sat urday after a I14'days' voyage. Handle Much Farm Product. Washington .-Fariners' co-operative mariketlng andl puirchasing organiza tions wvill transact this year a total buiness05 amounitinig to more than $1;~ 400.000.000 accord(inlg to an estimate mladle in the annual rep~ort of the Office of Markets and Rural Organi zation (If the( l)gpartment of Agricul ture, just made public. While agri cult ural co-operation in the United States is far more prevalent .than is generally believed, the report says, it Is not yet upon a sufficient strong business blasis.