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MAJOR GENERAL FUNSTON IE
OF BORDER PATROL.
5,000 MEN ALONG BORDER
Funston's Almost Compact Column
on Border Would Guarantee
Against Further Raids.
San Antonio, Texas.--Major General
Funston began the consideration of a
plan for the reorganization of the bor
der patrol. Having under his direct
control almost 50.000 men he outlined
to his staff a re-distribution of forces
that lie believed would guirantee the
protection of American residents from
Already forces at border stations
have been strengthened and it was
indicated that before the end of the
week the greater part of .the regular
troops and militia that have been sent
into the three border states would be
prepared and in position for quick
service along the international line.
It is improbable that more troops
will be sent to Colonel Sibley in
charge of the little ex)edition that
crossed into Mexico near Boquillas as
a result of the raid at Glenn Springs
and 'hoqullas a week ago. Four de
tachments are now operating close to
the lines, scouting through a limited
territory south of the border, but there
never has .been any Intention of send.
ing forward at that point a punitive
expedition that would compare in size
to that of General Pershing in the
State of (hiihouhua.
Army officers here are deeply inter
ested in the efforts of the Mexican
troops were reported to be making to
-run down the bandits who raided the
Big Bend district and who yet hold
as a prisonler Jesse Deemer, an
American storekeeper. It Is regarded
here as not impossible thalt the Mexi
can troops may cut off the retreat to
wards the interior of the bandits and
force them back within reach of Col.
onel Sibley's cavalry.
DECIDE UPON ARMY OF
250,000 MEN FOR U. S.
Backed By a Federalized National
Guard of 425,000 Men as Reserve.
Washington.-A standing army of
206,000 fighting Men capable of being
expanded in emergency to 254,000 and
backed by a federalized National
Guard of 425.000 as a reserve, finally
was agreed on by House and Senate
conferees on the army bill. The agree
ment will be reported to Congress' at
0nse and the measure, the first of the
Administration preparedness bills, is
expected to be before President Wl
son for his signature soon afterward.
Advocates of adlequate National de
fense regard the conference agree
ment as a triumph. The compromise
between the IHouse and Senate mecas
ures was effected after weeks of
struggle against an insistant demand
f'rom IHouse confer-ees for a standing
army of only 140.000 men.
The miiinuu enlisted strength
wouldi be at tainmed undler the confer
ence agreemnlilt wit hini the next flye
years aind it is stIpulated that at no
time shall the total he less than
LIMBERK AND MECHANIC
KILLED IN BIG AUTO RACE
Newt York.--Caril I ,imberg, an auto
mobile racer, anud iL. Pazllott i, his
mlechanicihm, leadig ''e ild ina the
fifteenth lap of the 1 50-mile race for
the Metropolitan trophy-, wer-e killed
when their machinie c-rashed into a
guard rail on the Sheepshead Bay
Limberg, wvho had been taking the
turns near the Very tolp of the high
saucer track, apparentl y lost control
of his car, while rounding the bend at
a speed of more than 100 mIles an
hour. Both men were catapulted 100
feet over the rail and crashed to the
ground about 30 feet belowv. The driv
er was impaled On an upright plece
of timber and wawas killed instantiJ
Palotti died Onl the way to the ConeJ
The machine, one of thrde Frencii
oars imported for the race by Harr)
S. ijarkness, crumpled under the im
paot and burst into flames. Thue blaz
ing car clung to the rail as other dri
~ers, flashed past without slackenini
ed ignorant of .the fate of thel
llow 'racer. A flash of flame and
~Iud-of black smoke told the spect
tOrst thlat an accidient had happone1
pu sit occurred at the far turn
>the two-mnile saucer fewv realized th
~-I arked a tragedy.
" TRANGE FIRES OCCUR
ON MEXICAN BORDEI
1Paso, Tex.--Army posts and at
tions along the -border wore on the
t ~(rd against incendiaries as a resu
$', .0 f~ ires at Fort Bliss, where flamc
'- s.txkucwn ot'Igin .destroyed a stor:
/~athree cavalry stables, thr-c
~1~~* aud. some tents. Armny Qffices
t(oiin that n invest
SECRETARY DANIELS ORDERS
SIX OLDER BATTLESHIPS
PLACED ON RESERVE LIST.
4,200 MEN MADE AVAILABLE
The Men Thus Released Will Man
New Dreadnaughts and Destroy.
ors.-New First Line of Fleet.
Wiashington.-Reorganization of the
first line of the Atlantic fleet was or
dered by Secretary Daniels so as to
place six of the older battleships in
reserve and release a large part of
their crews to man a destroyer divis
ion and the new dreadnaughts Okla.
honia and Nevada.
The New Jersey, Virginia, Rhode
Island and Nebraska were ordered in
reserve at the Boston navy yard, the
Connecticut at Philadelphia and the
Louisiana at Norfolk. When repairs
have been completed, they will be
maintained with their crews reduced
60 per cent, but in shape for active
service within 48 hours. These ves.
sels will be included in the nine bat
tieships to be used this summer for
naval militia and citizen volunteer
training cruises. All six of the ships
are of the old turret type.
About 4,200 men made available by
the change will be divided betweer
six destroyers and the new -dread
There will be 16 big battleships I1
the new first line of the fleet, includ
ing the Pennsylvania, to be delivered
by the contractors on June 1. The
others are the Minnesota, Vermont
Michigan, South Carolina, Delaware
Oklahoma, New York, Texas, Florida
Utah, Arkansis, New Hampsiire, Ne
vada, Kansas and Wyoming.
With addition to 15,000 men in the
Navy proposed inthe pending bill be
fore Congress, Navy officials said that
it would be possible to take several
ships from the reserve and returi
them to active service. The depart
ment is also endeavoring to work'oul
a plan by, which naval militia can be
instantly assigned, for duty in casc
of war, to duty in manning ships it
NEW HOUSE ARMY
BILL PASSES CONFEREES
Regular Army 175,000; Increase 218,
000 in Emergency.-Assure Nitrate
Washington.-Agreement of Senati
and House conferees on the House
Army re-organization bill has beer
reached, and the committee ordered E
tentative print of its report. A dead
lock was in prospect after a storm)
morning session, but in the afternoor
the conference was calm and resulti
So far as could be learned the reg
ular Army to be provided by the con
ference bill would aggregate 175,00(
fighting men in time of peace, whici
may be expanded to 218,000 men ir
an emergency. The Nationo~l Guard
wvould aggregate 400,000 men, requir
ed to take an oath of allegiance to th4
National Government andl to be giver
representation on the General Stafi
of the Army.
GERMANS BEGIN ATTACKS
AGAINST BRITISH LINES
Lno.-Switching their attacia
from the Verdun region against the
French. the Germans have begur
again a sharp offensive against th(
liritish line around Hlulluch.
Preceding' their movements witi
the usual heavy bombardments, thE
usual heavy bombardments, the Ger
malns launched an infantry attacli
against the British lines in the regiox
of Vermelles and were successful ir
c-apturing first line trenches over
front of about 500 yards. The Britisia
admit the loss of the position, but
say that part of them were retaken ir
Berlin says the British suffered
heavy casualties and in addition lost
many prisoners and several machini
BANDITS ARE PARLE~iNG
FOR EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS
Marathon, Tex.-Major Langhornj
of the Big Bend expeditionary force
is parleying for an exchange of pris
oners wvhich will release Ross Deemer
the storekeeper captured by the Villi
r raiders, acording to arrivals from thi
border. It the parleys fail Majoi
Langhuorne~ is expected to rush- the
bandits who are reported concentrat
t ed some distance south of the RIt
tGrand. lHe has sufficient igupplies t'
make a short foray into Mexico.
BANDIT RAIDERS MAN(E.
.ESCAPE INTO MEXICC
B-frownsville, Texas.-Mexican band
rits who shot and killed Curtis -.)a
tlies, an Arnerican, near Mercede,
s Texas, have escaped into'Mexido, ac
- cording to Lieut. F. L. Vanhorn, whf
e returned to Fort Brown atti ch4si
S the Mexicans to the Rito Oigx.go
hier keports at got th'oW ,#
ADMITS SINKING SUSSEX
.APOLOGIZES FOR ACT.-WILL PAY
INDEMNITY TO INJURED
Sub. Commander Thought He Was
Dealing With Enemy Ship.-Case
Is Considered Closed.
Washington.-Germany, in a note
received by the state department by
cable from Ambassador Gerard, ad
mits that a German submarine torpe
doed the channel steamer Sussex in
violation of assurances given the
United States, expressed regret for
the incident, announces that the sub
marine commander has been "appro
priately punished" and declares readi
Iness to pay an adequate indemnity to
Americans injured on the vessel.
It was indicated at the state de
partment that the German statement
that the offending commander had
been punished would be accepted,
and the Susex case cons dered closed
except for arranging for the payment
of indemnities to the several citizens
of the United States who were hurt.
There probably will be no attempt to
negotiate for these indemnities or for
final settlement of the Lusitania and
other cases pending, however, until
sufficient times has elapsed to indi
cate how the last American note was
received in Berlin and whether the
new submarine policy is being lived
Results of an investigation, based
on facts supplied by the American
government, 'the German communica
tion says, has shown that.the conten
tion originally set up that the explo
sion on the Sussex was to be traced
to a cause other than a German sub
marine attack, cannot be maintained.
While asserting that the submarine
commander thought he was dealing
with an enemy warship. Foreign Min
ister von Jagow admits that he form
ed his judgment too. hurriedly and
therefore did not act fully 'In accord
ance wit hthe strict instruction which
called upon -him to exercise particular
GERMAN LOSSES IN
APRIL NUMBER 91,182.
London-An official Uritish esti
mate of German casualties in April,
issued here, places the total at 91,162.
The number of German cashalties
since tile beginining of the war is giv
en as 2.822,079. These figures were
given in the following statement:
"German casualties: Exclusive of
corrections, were repor-ted (luring the.
month of April, 1916. as follows: Kill
ed or died of wounids, 17,455; (lied of
sickness, 2,395; prisoners, 1.921; miss
ing G,217; severely wounded, 14,557;.
wounded, 4,001; slightly woundell,
38,979; wounded remaining with
units, 5,637. Total, 91,162.
"These, added to those reported in
the totals reported in German official
lists since the beginning of the war
"Killed or' died of wounds. 664 ,552;
died of sickness, 41,325; prisoners,
137,798; missing, -197,094; severely
wounded, 1,023,212; wounded remain
ing with units, 117,056. Total 2,822,
"These figures include all German
Saxons and Wurttembergers. They do
not include naval or colonial troops."
AMERICA AWAITS OUTCOME
OF EL PASO CONFERENCE.
- in the 'Mexican situation await a defi
> nito oucomo of the El1 Paso conference
> between Generals Scott, Funston and
Officials here thought it unlikely
President Wilson would accept any
-agreement that looked. to withdrawal
of the American troops, even' with
promises that a comnplete. patrol of
the Mexican Bide would be established
by the De Facto 'Govdrnment. 'The
Scourse of Geiefal Obresgon at 11 Pato
Shas been puzgling~ to A4.inlistration
5 (ciaRls, who" believe .t)a 'i General
~,Orransa has givqn -his essentso the
MORE TROOPS TO BORDER
PRESIDENT ORDERS 8,000 ADDI
TIONAL TROOPS AND 4,000
GUARDSMEN TO MOVE.
Clearly intimated That There Will Be
No Change in Attitude of Wash
Washington.--With 8,000 additional
troops under orders for the border in
cluding 4,000 National Guardsmen
from Arizona, New Mexico and Texas,
administration officials felt that im
mediate steps had been taken to pre
vent further raiding of American bor
der towns by bandits. %
Meanwhile, the final outcome of
the conference at El Paso between
Major General Scott and General
Obregon, the Carranza war minister,
was awaited with considerable anxi
President Wilson and his cabinet
discussed the Mexican situation, but
the president had authorized the new
troop orders before his advisers gath
Officials were frankly pessimistic
after the meeting, over the delay of
General Obregon in ratifying the
agreement he negotiated with Gefteral
Scott covering co-operative border
operations. Reports from Mexico City
indicated that the agreement had
been approved by General Carran'za,
and officials here were at a loss to
unuderstand Obregon's action.
It was clearly intimated in all quar
ters that there would be no change in
the policy of the Washington govern
ment; that the troops would stay in
Mexico until the border was safe
from jpcursions; - that raiders would
be pursued across the line every time
they became active; and that the
whole strength of the National Guard
wvould be used, if necessary.
Secretary Baker said the question
of calling guardsmen from other
states into the service was not under
SOME FIGHTING ALONG
THE TEXAS BORDER LINE
Several Skirmishes Along RIo Grande
Where 500 Mexicans Are Operating.
Marathon, Tex.--Captain Fox, of the
Texas Rangers, reported to Colonel
Sibley that seven American soldiers
and members of a posse had engaged
a small band of Villa bandits across
the Rio Grando and had killed several
of them. Trher~e were no American
Captain Cole informed Colonel Sib
ley that there wore several large
bodies of bandits, probably 500 in all
operating along the south side of the
Rio Grande. HeT said he was con
vinced that there wore many Mexican
sympathizer-s with the bandits on the
Americani side who were keeping with
"1 went to Glenn Springs recently
and with a detachment of men
scouted the Rio Grande carefully be
tween Bloquilas and San Vicento. I
am convinced that there are no or
ganized bodies on the Americ'an side
of the river," said Captain Cole.
"There are several on the Mexican
side. At Tajitas there is a body of
200 Mexicans, while another of 200
or so Villa bandits is making south
"Only two (lead Mexicans have been
found, but undaiubtedly there were
others killed in the Glenn Springs
raId. There Is a detachment of one
cavalry troop at Glenn Springs and
another at Terlingua."
Colonel Sibley will go to Boquillas
whore lhe will join Colonel Macombe
and Major L.*nghorne. Hie said he did
not know whore he would make his
"We will meet ever-y condition that
confronts us," saId Colonel Sibley,
who is an old campaign~er in the Sioux
A signal corps was busy this after
noon erecting a telegraph lineesouth of
Texas Governor'. Opihlon
Austin, Texas..-4overnor Ferguson
on his return to Austin, issued a sign.
ed statemient In whiich he deglared
that now was the roau as m Ui
MEXICAN GOvaR NrA15NTr WILl
CONSIDER NO'TI-RaG BUT
WITHDRAW4L 0P TijOOP$.
U. S. REFUSES TO WITNDRA
Obregon Conceded Demands of Con
ferees and Is Then Forced to Re
verse His Attitude.
El Paso, Texas.-Atter almost twc
weeks of discussion the conferees o
General3 Scott and Fi.nston and Gen
oral Obregon, Mexican Mifijster of
War, over American troop dispositio
in Mexi-co came to an end without any
agreement being reached.
The matter was referred back to
the American and de facto Govern
ments to be settled through diplo
With th6 negotiations here ended
and the discussion- reverting to Wash
ington and the direct control of Pres
ident Wilson and Secretary Lansing
more became known of the develop
ments o' the fortnight just passed. It
is now stated positively that the Mex
ican Government, so far as that part
represented by General Carranza i
concerned, has not for one -instant
admitted the consideration of any oth
er subject than withdrawal
The situation is almost exactly
where it stood before the conferencee
began. The Mexican Governmen:
still insists on the withdrawal of Gen
eral Pershing's columns upon a cer
tain date and wants that date to come
quickly. It is known that Genera
Obregon has ben willing to make
concessions in order to reach an
agreement with the American confer
ees. He has been over-ruled, how
ever, by the first chief, Venustian:
(arranza, and his advisers. Aftei
practically conceding the 'demands o
the American conferees he was corn
pelled to reverse his attitude.
MEXICAN BANDITS AGAIN
RAID AMERICAN SOIL
Cross Border and Attack Civillar
Soldiers; Obregon Warned.
Marathon, Texas.-Mexican bandit;
again crossed into American territor3
and attacked civilians and soldiers
The raid was made four miles nortl
of Boquillas at an ore terminal statior
and directly behind Major Lang
horne's column which, up to that tim:
had not crossed to Mexico. After a
short skirmish the bandits fled.
Theonly break that can possibly
come would follow an attack by Car
ranza troops upon American troops
it was said.
It is understood that General Ob
regon has been warned that such an
attack t will be the beginning of re
Significantly enough conditiont
along the border were emphasized
by the receipt of dispatches fron
Marathon, Tex., stating that Mexicaz
bandits again had crossed into Amern
can territory and fired on Americar
soldiers and civilians.
According to another report a miu
itary automobile conveying messagei
from Maj. George T. Langhorne t(
Colonel Sibley, commander of the ex
peditonary force in the Big Bend (di5
trict, has been made the target foi
shots fircd by Mexicans.
TURKS DRIVE RUSSIANS
OUT OF POSITiON8
Constantinople, via London.-ln n
battle in the Mount Kope sector on
the Caucasus front, the Turks drove
the Russians, out of positions nearly
10 miles in length, capturing more
than 300 men and four' machine gumi
according to official announcement by
the Turkish War Office.
UNCLE JOE CANNON WILL
ADDRESS N. C. SOCIETY.
Washington. - Uncle Joe Cannon
has acceptedl an invitation to address
the North Carolina society at Wash
ington on the evening of May 20.
Whitehead Klutta also will be in the
AMERICA WILL ENTER
PROTEST TO ENGLAND,
Washington.-The American Gov
emnent is preparing to protest tc
Great Britain against its policy of ro
fusing to allow the shipment of hos
pital supplies by the American Red
Cross to Germany and her Allies
Secretary Lansing received a lettes
from former President Taft, chairmar
of the Central Committee of the Rled
Cross, urging such action and it was
learned that the matter would be tak
on up with~ the British government.
CALL CONFERENCE SOON
TO CONSIDER PEACE PLANS.
New York,-In response to an ap.
eal, fromn The Netherlands Anti-WVar
-Jouncil, -'a meeting at which will b~e
considered a proposal that Pr.;sident
'Wilson be urged to promote a con
ference Of neutrals to offer mediation
in the War, will be called soon In
Hlamilton Hiolt, chairman of the
Aeron blai e of the Central O.
STATE FRDgitATobOP WO4BNro
CLUBS HOLD SESSIONS IN
IHEY TELL OF MANY TI INGS
let, of Active Campalqn Agalnst $ilit.
eracy-Have Banquet At Andbr.
V. son College.
Anderson.-The 18th annual sesesion
of the Federation of Women's Clubs
was hold here, the work consisting of
routine reports and - addresses and
many interesting features with a ban.
quet at Anderson College.
Mrs. J. W. Allen, presidet, made
her splendid report. Mrs. Allen stresq
ed the import Ie o the l oe t~i
state and toli o w te naht i1t won.
in Spartanburg by Mii seiden. 'e
commented 4,:z the i arnir A.
Johnstone of tih.e sta;.atrd of elen
ties and etat ' 'h. -> the . ba'i
helped in the i u-ition of tlih
they were in u to hi i
board in any' *. ty A!. ii :
report she gaN A: i ; w!u: ,
have -been fcra, I .ri e.
The legislativi honuis 1. e
ed two matte..! to.um i*raun
make women a oigibl as hool
library truste, ;:1a : i i hon'
established fo- n; on Ae ie i f ,.
minded of th- .ati.
"No illitera( t Movi b onh c<.
1920" is 'the slogau (if A,, e
department, hii. w:,r,(,
Aiken, reporten .A
giving ten s, :m e
Winthrop, twc- .
Coker. Refere.*' '
-the compulsor -
state, the repc
is becoming a( -
ation is pushih,
The repo'rt ol
lic health was - - an.
Dr. Rosa H. Ga a '. A~n
address on chi :. 'outh
Carolina was made by Miss Iiary 4
Frayser. Then came the reports of
four clubs of the graduate nurses' as.
sociation - Charleston. Columbia,
South Carolina Graduate Nurses' As
eciation and Hospital Club of Green.
Mr. T. M. Mordecai of Charleston
madea statement of the model school
made a statement of the model school
of social and industrial conditions was
made by the 'chairman, Mrs. John
Gary Evans of Spartanburg.
An address was made by the Rev.
D. E. Cainak of Spartanburg, presi
dent of -the Textile Industrial Insti
Miss Louise Selden of Spartanburg
addressed the federation on the moon
light school work in Spartanburg
She told of the establishment and
operation of m~ny night schools in
which over 2,000 persons were en
rolled. These night schools have
helped to a wonderful degree in de
creasing the illiteracy Percentage of
Nurses Complete Course.
Columnbia.--Pogrammes have been
prepared and invitations are being is
sued for the graduation exercises a'
Smith Memorial chapel on the evening,
of May 25, when five young women
will receive their diplomas from the
Columbia hospital. The address will
be delivered by John E. Swearingon,
state superiatendlent of education, and
diplomasg and pins will be presented
by William Weston, M. D. Several
violin selections will be rendered by
Mr. Schumacher, dlirector of the War
vest Jubilee band. Thue young wvomen
to receive diplomas are: Lucile
Wilson, Olivia E. Wats, Chloe Berry,
Emmie Klugh end Sara S'tack.
Greenville Votes Bond for Sohools.
Greenville-By a vote of 77 to 5
Greenville school district, whieh 10
Greenville city, voted to issue $50,00(
school bonds to supplement the $75,000
voted some months ago. The $125,00I
will be used to erect a high -schooi
building and two or three new gras
nar school buildings.
.Georgians WIn State Debate.
Colulnbia.--Theo University of Geo
gia won the annual Tennessee-Souq
Carolina-Georgia triangular debaw
held simultaneous a few nights agv
Georgia defeated Tennessee at Colure
bia; Georgia defeated South Carolina:
at Knoxville, and South Carolina di
feated Tennessee at Athens, Ga. Se
ond place in the degate therefore go'
,to Carolina. The query was: "P.
solved, That the United States shou'
extend its policy of subsidizig
,merchant marine engaged in forels
The debate in Columbia was held
the auditorium of Chicora Cellege f"
Women. The president of the St.
University, William Spencer Curr?
presided, and made an address of v
come. The debaters from Georgia w
.R. M. Leevy and 3. B., Mallett,
fronm Tennessee were ID. H. Mal
and J. A. Fowler- The Judges w(
George Armstrong Wauchop~eJ1
Thomas, George Me~utcheon,3t'
}dorse and Yates Snowde. The~ a'
fling team fayored the, neafie. M~
K'noxville the affi aL* Ig~ and at
Athond the anaeive . 'kp no in