Newspaper Page Text
SIDES MEXII FOR IM WILSON ORDERS U. Se MILITIA TO MOBILIZE Mexicans Add to Juarez Garri son, While American Force at El Paso is Reinforced. Precaution to Prevent Smug gling of Ammunition. GEN. PARKER'S FORCES HAVE RETURNED SAFELY Steadily Increasing Tension in Rela tions With Carranza Do Facto Gov ornnent Makes Situaton Bordering Closely on intervention or Perhaps Open Hostilities. Orders to Carolinas and Virginias North Carolina.-One brigade of three regiments infantry, two troops cavalry, one field hospital, one ambelance company at Camp Glenn, Morehead City. South Carolina-Two regiments infantry, one troop cavalry, at Lex Ington County Camp, near Colum bia. Virginia.-To regiments infan try, one battalion and one sepa rate battery field artillery, one company signal corps, one field hospital at Richmond. El Paso, Tex.-Preparations were being made on both Bides of the bor der at El Paso for possibile hostili ties. The Juarez garrison was rein forsed by the arrival of about 100 troops from Chihuahua City, while Battery A of the New Mexico National Guard, 140 men, and four 4-inch field guns and the First Battalion of the Twentieth Infantry arrived from Co lum'bus, N. M., to take station at Fort Bliss, Tex., on the outskirts of El Paso. The battery is the first of the state or ganizations to cross into another state for duty. General Bell announced that in any eventuality the fullest possible protec tion would be afforded to all law-abid Ing Mexicans on the American side of the frontier. The announcement did much to quiet the fears expressed by the large Mexican population of the city. General Bell also reiterated a public warning to all persons in El Paso to stay off the strest in the event of trouble. Added precautions were taken to prevent the smuggling of ammunition across the Mexican line after the ar rest at the international bridge of Luis Correr, charged with attempting to take 2,500 rounds pf small arms ammunition across the boundary in motor cars. Correr declined to dis cuss his case. A heavily-loaded pas senger train arrived from Chihuahua City carrying two of the seven Ameri cans who were left there and 1,000 Mexican refugees from Torr-eon. In accord with orders received from General Obregon in Mexico City none of the Mexicans were permibted .to cross the American frontier. Reports from various towns in Chihuahua and Sonora indicated that citizens generally are being armed and that a furore of anticipatory ex citement prevails throughout north ern Mexico. On the Mexican side of the river only 34 men turned out for the citizens military drill as compared to three score before. No Fear For Pershing. Military men hero continued to ex press confidence in the ability of Gen. - eral Pershing's command to protect itself in any emergency even though private dispatches quoted the expedi tionary commander as admitting that the situation is very tense. It was pointed out that General Pershing is prepared to send columns in any direction from his line, despite Gen. oral Jacinto Trevino's recent ultimat umn, if he considers his flanks imper fled. The dispatches said also thai heavy guards have been thrown aboul alt American camps in Mexico and the temporary field headquarters ai Colonia Dublan, 20'miles south of the border, Uncertainty as to Not'e Reply. Washington.--No indication was giv en at the State Department of the course to be pursued with regard te the reply to General Carranza's nott demand jng the withdrawal of thE American troops now, in Mexico, whici1 is In President Wilso,}'s hands. It had been intended to dispatch it to Mex lco Cty by special messengo~r, but re cent developments may change this plan. Official reports that recent rafi along the border had created alarm -among Americ an residents in Mexiec - ,City and eisewhere beyond the border were rdfiected in a message received *(, the Mexican IEmbassy, from Genieral C'arrattsa. It stated that exciteinent ipreva~iletat the Mes~1can Capital 6vr d~ (hiipos 0t fsn along thebo4 ONBOTH JAN BORDER ENDING CLASH BAKER ISSUES STATEMENT. ..Setetary Baker issued the fol lowing statement: "in view of the disturbed condl. tions on the Mexican border and In order to Insure complete protec. tion for all Americans, the Presi dent has called out substantially all the state mIlitia and will send them to the border wherever and as fully as General Funston deter mines them to be needed for the purpose stated. "If all are not needed an effort will be made to relieve those on duty there from time to time so as to distribute the duty. This call for militia is wholly un related to General Pershing's ex pedition and contemplates no addi tional entry Into Mexico, except as may be necessary to pursue ban dits who attempt outrages on American soll. "The militia are being called out so as to leave some troops in the several states. They will be mobi lized at their home stations where necessary recruiting can be done." and asked Eliseo Arredondo. Ambas sador designate, what he had learned of the intentions of the Washington government towards Mexico. In reply Mr. Arredondo included a copy of Sec retary Baker's statement announcing the call for the militia. Order Goes to Governors. The President's orders calling the National Guard into the Fedeml serv ice went 'to the Governor of each State in the form of the following telegram signed by Secretary Baker: "Having in view the possibility of further aggression upon 'the terri-tory of the United States from Mexico and the necessity Oor the proper protec tion of .that frontier, the President has thought proper to exercise the authority vested in him by the Ogn. stitu'idon and laws and call out the organized militia and the National Guard necessary for that purpose. I am, in consequence, Instructed by the President to call -into the service of the United States forthwith, through you, the following undts of the organ ized militia and National Guard of -the State of which 'the Preel. dent directs shall be assembled at the State mobilivaition point, State camp ground (or at the places to be desdg nated 'to you by the commanding gen eral, department) flor muster into the servdce of the United States. (Here follows a list of 'the organi zations to be furnished by the desig nated State.) Minimum Peace Strength. "Organizationd to e accepted into Federal service should have the mini imum peace streng-th now prescribed for or-ganized militia. The maximum strength at whdch organ-izations will be accepted and to which the'y should be raised as soon as possible. is pro scilhbed in Section 2, Ta'bles of Organ. ization, UnIted States Army. In case any regiment, battalion or squadron now recognized as such, contains an insufficient number of organizations to enable it to conform at muster .to 'regular army organ'izaltion tables, the organizations necessary to com plete such uniits may be moved -to mobilizatifon camps and there inspeo. ted under orders of the departiment commander to determine fitne-se flor recognition as organized mitltia by the war department. "Circular 19. Division of Militia A ff airs, 1914, - pres cri bes organizatione desired firom States as part of the local tactical division end only these organiza~tdons will be accepted into service. "It is requested that all officers of .the adjutant general's department. quartermaster corps and medical, crops, duly recognized as 'pertaining 'to sitate headquarters under TPablo 1. Tables of Orgnnization, Organized Militia, and not elsewhere required for duty in State administration be ordeered -to camp for duty as camp staff officers. "Such nmber of these staff off! cea a the department commander may determine may be mustered inta service of the Un'ited States for the purpose of proper camp administra. .tion and will be mustered out whep their services are nio longer required. "Wher'e reognized brigadieirs or di. visions are called inin service from a state, the staff officers pertaining to these units under Tables of Organ. 1izaation. United States Army, will be mnrtcred into service and also tihe anthorized sectors of small arms prac. tien pertaining Thereto. *"F'xcept for these two .purposes of mobil'zation camp service and of the prescribed camp service with 'tactical units, officers of state headquartere r~nd'ar Table 1, above mentioned, will not be0 mustered into service at this :time. If .tacticnl divisions later are I nre~'nted the recnisite official num. ber of the s'taff officers with rank a. 'wpqrlhedl for divhion staff wi.ll, as fn q'a nracticable. be called ln-to serv 'in #'Mm those states which have f'urs niahed tros to such divisions. "NEWTON? D 9ARNR. PRESIDENT CALLS OUT ALL MILITIA 100,000 STATE TROOPS QRDERED TO MOBILIZE AND PRE,PARE FOR SERVICE. TO GUARD MEXICAN BORDER This Move Will Release 30,000 More Regular Soldiers To Be Used As in vaders.-Secretary Daniels Orders War Vessels to Mexico. Washington.-Virtually the entire snobile strength of the National Guard of all states and the District of Colum bia has been ordered mustered into the Federal service by President Wil son. About 100,000 men.are expected to respond to the call. They will be mobilized immediately for such ser vice on the Mexican border as may later be assigned to them. Gen. Frederick Funston, command ing the border forces will designate the time and place for movements of guardsmen to the Ititornational line as the occasion shall require. In announcing the orders Secretary Baker said the state forces would be employed only to guard the border and that no additional troop move ments into Mexico were contemplated except in pursuit of raiders. Simultaneously with the National Guard call, Secretary Daniels of the Navy Department ordered additional war vessels to Mexican waters on both coasts to safegard American lives. At the War, Navy and State De partments it was stated that no new advices as to the situation in Mexico had come to precipitate the new or ders. Within the last two weeks, how ever, tension has been increasing steadily. The crisis presented by Gen eral Carranza's not(. demanding the recall of General Pershing's expedi tionary force has been followed by a virtual ultimatum served on the American offcer by General Trevino, Mexican commander in Chihuahua, To this was added the possibility that American and Mexican troops had clashed across the border from San Benito, Texas. Administration officials made no attempt to conceal their relief over the safe return of Major Anderson's cavalry squadron to Brownsville, after their successful bandit chase. The troopers crossed in pursuit of bandits in the face of intimations that they would be attacked if they did so. Gen eral Funston himself reported that he anticipated fighting, presumably with Carranza troops. Mobilization of the National Guards men to support General Funston's line will pave the way for releasing 30,000 regulars for immediate service in Mexico in the event of open hostilities with the Carranza government. The guardsmen themselves could not be used beyond the line without author ity of Congress and until they had vol unteered for that duty, as they are called out under the old militia law. The new law, which would make them available for any duty under the Fed eral government goes into effect July 1. Funston New Has 40,000. The entire mobile regular army in the United States, several provisloal regiments of regular coast artillery, serving as infantry, and the National Guard of Texas, New Mexico and Ar-i zona are now on the border or in Mexico. Definite figures never have been made public, but it is understood General Funston has about 40,000 reg ulars, and probably 5,000 or more gardsmen of whom 10,000 regulars are with General Pershing or scatter ed along his line of communicatIons from Namincuipa, Mexico, to Colum bus, N. M. Telegrams calling for the 'militia were sent to the Governors of all states exept the three whose guards men already have been mustered in, after all-day confereonces at the War Department attendled by Secretary Baker, Major General Scott, Chief of Staff, Major General Bliss, Chief of the Mobile Army, and Brigadier Gen eral Mills. chief of the militia divis ion general staff. 780 MEXICAN TROOPS GO TO NUEVO LAREDO Laredo, Texas.-Pive hundred in fanttrymen and 250 artillerymen of the Mexican army arrived in Neuvo. La redo, Mex'ico, opposite here, and pa raded through the streets of - that town. The parade was witnessed by a large but orderly crowd. An anti-Americnn demonstration Is reported to have boon prevented in Neuvo Laredo by Genera-l de la Garza. RUSSIANS FORCE AUSTRIANS TO EVACUATE CZERNOWITZ London.-Czernowitz, capistal of the Austian Crowland of Bukowina, Is in the hands of the Russians, and the Austrians who had been holding It are In retreat toward the Carpathiani Mounmtains. Hard fighting took place in the capture of -the Czornowitz bridgehead and in the passage of the River Pru'th, bit ~when finally the Russians g'sdned the right bank of the river the Austriane evmeuated the captmm IMPORTANT NEWS THE WORLD OVER Happenings of This and Other Nation For Seven Days Ars Given. THE NEWS OF THE SOUTH What Is Taking Place In the South. land Will Be Found In Brief Paragraphs. Mexican News United States troops engaged a band of between 26 and 30 Mexican bandits about ten miles east of San Benito, Texas, and the Mexicans were put to flight. There were no American cas ualties, but three Mexicans were left dead. General Trevino, commanding the Carransa army of the north, has ad vised General Pershing that any move ment of United States troops from their present lines to the south, east or west will be considered a hostile act and a signal to commence war fare. This action is upon specific in structions of Carranza. Four thousand men of the Durango division of the Carranza army under General Arieta have arrived at Con cho, about sixty miles southeast of Chihuahua City. A dispatch from Laredo, Texas, con firms the report that if the American forces attempt to cross the RIO Grande in the Neuvo Laredo district 'In pur suit of the bandits they will be met with energetic resistance. The dis patch states that the confirmation is upon unimpeachable authority. From El Vaso, Texas, the news comes that all United States troops there were ordered to quarters to be held under arms until further notice. In Washington it is stated that Gen eral Trevino's reported threat to be gin hostilities in certain events will positively have no effect upon the do termination of the United States gov ernment to apprehend Villa and the bandits operating with him. Washington dispatches state that General Pershing's orders authorize him to move in any direction he finds necessary to execute his purposes. Unless the increasing seriousnesig of conditions in Mexico forces action, the reply to General Carranza's de mand for withdrawal of American troops probably will be delayed until after the St. Louis convention. Conference between state and navy department officials at Washingtor have resulted in the formulation oe definite plans for the removal of al Americans who should gather in Mex lean ports should a serious outbreal occur and force them to flee or shoul there be a clash between Mexican an< American tftops. The possibility of calling out morq state militia to protect the Texas bor der has been the subject of renewet discussion among Washington offi cials. Many Washington officials are con. vinced that the Mexican de facto gov. ernment is tottering and think that General Carranza may have sent his belligerent note with the deliberate purpose of provoking the Washington administration to intervention. Instanees are reported wher-e tax collectors sent by the Carranza gov er-nmnent have been driven out by the Mexican state authorities and people. One of the three Mexican bandits killed in the chase of outlaws who raided the T. A. Coleman ranch, north west of Laredo, Texas, wvore a Car ranza uniform bearing the insignia of a Carranza lieutenant colonel, who was identified as Lieutenant Colonel Villareal of the Carr-anza army. A cowboy who escapedl from the Mexicans when they wvere surprised in the attemp~t to burn the Internation al and Great Northern bridge near Webb, says the outlaws talked freely of their purpose to burn the bridge and wreck a train, after which they intended killing and robbing the pas sezngers. European War A London dlispatch states that every thing in the range of possibility will be done to satisfy the United States anent the neutral mail controversy which is now being carried on by the Unitedl States state department and the entento allies. At no point have the Teutons been able to stop the big Russian offensive. The Russians have now captured thue town of Sniatyn, which lies only twventy mniles northwest of the Buko wina capital. Along the entire Russian line the Germans and Austro-Hlungarians are being driven back, and the Russians are still 'aking thousands of prisoners and capturing guns, machine guns and wvar supiplies. In eleven days the Russians have captured 1,780 offIcers and 120,000 men and 130 guns and 200 machine guns. There is little lighting around Vere dun. The Canadians are exhibiting much bravery aroundl Verdun. Blerhn reports that all the Russian efforts have failed, and' that the Rus sians have been repulsed with heavy losses. The Russians now have retaken Dubno, the second of the fortrasses in the Volhynian triangle, and are pressing the retreating Austrians to the west. It is reported that the czar's war ehips have won' an important engage menit in the Baltic, and that twelve German merchantmnen have been sent to the bottorn. Berlin says that only ine vesvel W4ma sunt Heavy fighting .is Ii progress vir tually over the entire eastern front from the Gulf of Riga to Bukowlna, a distance of between sex hundred and seven hundred miles. The Germans have taken the offen sive against the Russians northwest of the Pripet marsh region, in anlef-' fort to divert the attention of the: Rut sians who are in the second week of their drive against the Austro-Hunga. rians from the Pripet marshes south ward to Bukowina. The French government is detain ing all Greek vessels. In southwest Russia in the region of Lutsk, fresh advances against the Austro-Hungarians are reported to the Russian war officq. In the southern part of the East Ga lician region the Russians are near ing Czernowitz, capital of the Austrian crownland of Bukowina. The Russians have given ground only near Bodulintze, north of Buc zacz, in Galicia, where the Austrians were reinforced by German troops. The number of prisoners taken by the Russians since their offensive is said to be more than one hundred and fourteen thousand. All dispatcTees from Petrograd re mark on the fine work of the Rus sian artillery to which the recent swift advance is mainly attributed. . The Russians contend that the Ger man steel fortresses can be taken. It is stated in Petrograd that Czer nowitz, capital of the Austrian crown land of Bukowina, has fallen. It is stated that hostile aeroplanes bombed Kantara, Egypt, and with a machine gune fired on Romani. They were driven off by the British air craft, with few minor casualties at Kantara; no casualties at Romani. Washington President Wilson, in his West Point speech, Paid that "mankind is going to k.now that when America speaks she means what she says." President Wilson says the present war did not come by accident, but that it had to come, and went on to say that no man can tell what a day will bring forth in the world's events. The citizen's encampments, includ ing that at Fort Oglethorpe, will get $500,000 in the army appropriation bill. A constitutional amendment to dis qualify federal Judges from holding any elective office for at least two years after leaving the bench has been introduced in the senate. Diplomats representing the United States in foreign countries are feel ing the high cost of living to that extent which will cause them to re sign if immediate relief is not af forded by the United States govern ment, and Secretary Lansing has ask ed congress to appropriate $76,000 for I special allowances. - The federal trade commission has I concluded its gasoline investigation, I and a report will be made soon. I Secretary Baker is in St. Louis as the personal representative of Presi dent Wilson at the Democratic cogiven - tion. The president has written several planks of the Democratic platform, al though the precise phraseology will be left to the resolutions committee. Domestic After being ill only a few hours, United States Senator Edwin C. Bur leigh died at his home in Augusta, Maine. His wife died a month ago in Washington. New York bankers are arranging to extend $100,000,000 credit to the re public of France, it is authoritatively reported. In the maneuvers off Cape Ann the torpedo boat destroyer McDougal was damiaged and forcei to head for the Boston navy yard for docking and re pair's. A charge that foreign-born citizens of the United States are trying to levy political blackmail and to under mine the influence of the national government, is going the round at the St. IAmuis convention. It is said to have emanated from President Wil son's flag clay speech in Washington. This assertion is probably the keynote of one of the foremost issues on which Wilson will go before the coun try for re-election. Theodore Roosevelt has undergone an X-ray examination in New York City for what he characterized asq a slight breaking of the muscles around the rib which was broken when lhe was thrown from a horse on May 24, 1915. It is given out that Colonel Roose velt will make no statement until af ter' June 26th anent his intention re garding his nomination. In an automobile accident near Cuthbert, Ga., one person was killed and six injured as a result of the steer ing gear becominug im palired. Cotton used for the ten months end ing May 31 was 5,335,573 running bales, compared with 4,685,861 a year ago. Returning delegates from the Pro gressive national convention are sure that Theodore Roosevelt will make the race, and it is stated will pro caed just as if he hadl already given his cons:ent. President Wilson attended the grad nation exercises at the military acad enmy. WVhen the naval yacht Mayfiow. nr carrying the president and Mrs. Wilson anchored off the academy grounds a national salute of twenty one guns was fired and answered from the yacht. TIheodore Roosevelt was nominated by the Progressive party as its ores. idential candidate in the Nov.ember election. John M. Parker of Louisia na is his running mate, and in the event of Mr. Roosevelt's declination to make the race Mr. Parker may head -he ticket STATE UNIVES ENS -NOTABLEY OVER ONE HUNDRED YOU MEN AND WOMEN RECKIVi DEGREEOP BENNETT DELIVERS ADDRESS Strong Appeal for Life Plan Buit Upon High ideals is Urged by The Eminent Divine. Columbia.-The 111th year of the University of South Carolina came to an end with the annual graduating exercises and the June bald. The Rev. R. H. Bennett, b.D., of Emory University presented a strong lesson in his liteirary addrews before the graduating ciase. "I am going to give you a- few'arrow heads pointing to success," said Dr. Bennett, and he urged that the young men and young women go forth on 'the battlefield of life with a fixed- purpose, with a fired motive, with the idea of service pe curely lodged in their minds, with an everlasting determination ito: succeed, regardless of olbtaclesi .an4.-always remembering tha't..onty a i.re char acter is a strong one. The Joseph Dapiel Po'ps.pedal for the best essay on. "1Dquity,' 'ritten by a member of the senior, law class, was won by Shannon Wallac.. The Presen'tation was made by 3. Nqleon Frierson, professor In the school of law. Two honorary degrees were confer red. Prof. James I. McCain of Ers. kine College was given a doctor of let ters and Prof. William Cain of the University of North Carolina was given a doctor of laws degree. William Spenser Currell, president of the univeraity, said that he could not let the fine body of young men and young women leave the university without a final word from him, and he paid tribute to their work and .to thetir part in making this year at Carolina what it has been. Dr. Curroll announced that here, after students would be admitted on 12 units but that the other two to make a total of 14 units must be made up in the college in addition to the regu-la.r college work before a degree would be conferred. In case a student comes from a school of 14 or more units, then 14 units will be required for entrance. New Concrete Pier Accepted. Charleston.-The new concrete pier and benthing slip constructed at the Charleston navy yard at a co 9, $300,000 to the United States govern. ment has been finished and finally ac cepted by the federal authorities ax. ter an inspection by a board of offi cors at the head of whom was Civil Engineer Reid, public works officer at the yard. Along with the pier has been built a concrete retaining wall against the shore which thus provides a protected basin which will be dredg ed so as to pvrovide berthing and dock lng facilities for vessels of the tor pedo boat destroyer type. This pier projects out for a din -tance ,of 300 feet. It 'then turns at right angles down stream for a din ance of 450 feet. It is built almost entirely of concrete, the piles being of that material, reinforced with steel r'ods. The flooring is also of concrete. Some of the piles are cdose to 90 feet in length. The inclosed basin between the arm of the L and the retaining wall will be dredged. It now varies from 3 to 20 feet in~ depth. The pier is not as long as originally 2 Planned. The cause of this is that the piles had1 to be sunk to a dep'th of 80 and 90 feet in most places in stead1 of the orginal 30 and 40 as esti. mated. Boy Drowns in River. Spartanburg.---Harry Taylor, the 14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Hiar. ry Taylor of this city, was dlrowned in LinviHe river, near Linvills Falls, N. C., according to a message receiv ed here. He was a member of a caanp. ing party of boys accompanied by the Rev. H. KC. Pendleton, rector of the Church of the Advent of this city. Diplomas Given Cadet Menfi Charieston.-Despite bad weather, many friends and relatives of the grad. uating class of the Citadel gatbhered at the German Artillery hall to wit ness the exercises which marked the climax of the academic careers of 31i Young men, the recipients of diiplo as. The cadet band added to the oc. easion by dispensing music. Dr. W. 2 T. 1981ii of the faculty of Swarthmore % College delivered an exceptionally strong address upon "TPhe Wor1 War's Challenge 'to American Patriot. : Is'n." Medals were presented. Woman Kied in Acoident, Rock Hill-Mrs. Belle PhifHipe, I dow of the late Vander Philips ot . Rockingham, N. C., was alenost hi stantly killed when 'train No. 114,'' Charlotte to.- Columbia, crashed inii ) an sgomobile at Steele's orcgssing near the city limits. The rear of the machine was demolished, but 'the ot.' er occupants escaped injuy of quence. Mrs. Phillips, with he~ w, children, a boy of 18 years and a of 7 years, was coming 'to Rook to vtsit her brotber, Georgq Mot sie, of the Aragon village.