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l OUI L ; DEMANDS
4 BY EN
Te AFrom Status
Quo su - lust Give Up
Much Possessions and Change Gov
London.-Tho Spectator devotes the
greater part of Its issue to answering
President Wilson's question as to what
are the peace terms of the entente al
lies. Briefly summarized the principal
demands as outlined by the Spectator
"The peace terms are to start from
the status quo before the war, thus in
cluding the evacuat ion of the whole of
northern France, Belgium and Luxem
burg, and of all lands taken from Ser
hia. Rumania, Russia and Montenegro.
"Alsace-Lorraine is to be restored to
France. The Danish portion of Schles
wig-Holstein is to go to Denmark and
Posen. Polish Prussia and Austrian
Poland are to be added to the new sub
kingdom of Poland which the Czar has
edged to create.
he Slavs of Bosnia.. Herzegovina,
Detia, Croatia,, etc., are to be
creato. into a new kingdom.
,josnomia is to be an independent
"The Rumanian section of Transyl
vania to be added to Rumania.
"The whole Austrian Tyrol, plus
Triest, Istria, and the other portions
of Austria which are Italian in blood
or feeling, to be added to Italy.
"Turkey to yield Constantinople
anrid the straits to nlussii.
"The Armenians to be put under
"The Arabs to be freed, while Syria,
Asia Minor and Mesopotamia are to be
under external protection guarantee
"The German colonies to remain in
the hands of the entente. Moreover, a
money indemnity for the ruin Ger
many has done in Belgium, France,
Serbia, Montenegro, etc.
"As regarding shipping, Germany to
make reparation in kind for all ships
of commerce destroyed ton for ton,
neutral shipping to be replaced only
after all the demands of the allies
have been satisfied.
"The German navy to be handed
over and distribute'l among entente
"As a guarantee against future war,
the allies are to insist upon the demo
eratization of the German government.
"The Kiel canal to be neutralized
under an international non-German
commission including the entente
countries, the United States and other
REFUSAL OF MAKERS TO
TALK STOPS PAPER PROBE.
Department of Justice May Be Asked
to Take Hand in Investigation.
Washington. -- Hearings reopened
here by' the Federal Trade Commis
sion in its n'ews print paper investiga
tioni came to a sudden end when paper
manufacturers refused' to discuss the
reasonableness of news print prices.
Both publishers and Jobbers 1had been1
The manufacturers dleclared that
they had not had time to study tables
preparedl by the commission's inves
igators purporting to shlow huge prof
its. Members of the Trade Commais
a ion announced that despite an appar
ent unwillingness by the manufactur
e rs to co-operate in the investigatloll.
the c'ommissionl's rep)ort woulld be is
Auedl probably inl about 10 (lays and(
that such recommlendations to Con
* ress wouldl be mlade as were thought
necessary. At the Rame time it was
said thle commission would soon1 be in
position to ann~oun~ce whethler- Its con
sideration of a papler' distribuition plani
showed an actual paper shortage and
a need for distribution under super
vision of tile commilissioni.
FOREIGNERS IN MEXICO
MUST RESIGN RIGHTS.
Mexico City.-A decree has beeni is
sued giving foreigners holding title to
real estate, milling anld oil pr-opertiles
and timber lands until April 15~ to re
-lsgn their treaty rights in so far as
the properties In question aire concern.
ed. Formal renluneint ion of such
rights miust be made in ne(ordanllc
with the decree issued more t han fourt
$ onths ago which provided that such
tpreigners must become citIzens in so
tr as thecir proper'ty was con~ernled.
'I NATION-WIDE RAILl STRIKE
AGAiN RESTS WITH ORDERS.
?ew York.-Special circuilars put
ting up, to the 400,000 members re
~ponsibility for the next steps to be
taken by the, railroad brotherhoods in
thstr controversy with the railroads
over this ggptfbatbion AQ n~trpreta
t.i onf the Adamson t, 'were sent
/ bro 4fpfb~ telegrapii. ter a confer
~~' ~ e dettiru brotherhood chiefs.
* f the action, was
,. Lee, .#feent -of.
17 h~r)5id of Railway Wraimen.
New photograph of Atlee Pomer
ene, who was re-elected United States
senator from' Ohio.
CENTRAL POWERS REPLY
SUGGEST THAT CONFERENCE
BE HELD TO DISCUSS BASIS
OF PEACE TERMS.
In Washington, Action Is Looked Upon
as Advancing Cause, Although
There is Disappointment Because
No Terms Are Set Forth.
Washington.----Germnany's reply to
President Vilson's note Is regarded
here as having advanced the peace
movement another stel) despite the I
fact that it disappoint.s in not meeting
his suggestion for an avowel of terms.
The reception German's reply re
ceives aniong the 10ntente Allies.
whose statesmen have publicly de
clared against such a program, now
becoznes the point upon which a furth
er move hinges. The German note
probably is the prelude to a series of
carefully considered delicate moves in
the great game of world diplomney all
)ossibly lea-ding to an approach for a
real disc'ussionl of peace terms on
grounds which all the belligerents (al
place them at no disadvantage.
This.is the official view of Ger
many's reply. so far as it has been
formulated on the basis of the uin
official text. The official coa)y had not
been received anld Presiden, WIlson
was (eeping his m1ind open.
Neu tral iplloma ti' quarteris, too, re
goardedi the note as a step toward pea(ce
anud rather leaned to the view that
Germany might follow it with a con
fident ial communicntion of some sor-t
outlining her ter-ms.
The reply of t he Cnitrail Powvers as
givon out at Berlin, says:
"'The hilgh-miinded suggest ion miade
by' the President of the United States
of America in or'der to create a basis
for the establishmient of a lasting
peace has been received and ('onsidler
edI by thle inmperial Govern ment in the
fr'ienly~ spiirit wihiih was expressed in
the PresIdent's commiunicantion.
''The President poiits out that
which he laos at heart and leaves open
the choice of roads.
'"To the Imperial Government an imo
mediate exchange of views seems to
be the most aippropiria te roadl in order
ti onech the desired resuil.
'"It begs, therefore. ini the sense of
the d eclaration01 maide on Decem ber- 12~
whiIch ofrered a hanad foi- peac n'go.
iatioins to piropose an immedliate meet,
lug of dlelegates of the belligerent
States at a neutral place.
"The Imperial Government is also
of the opinion that the great work of
ireienting future wars can be begun
ot-ly after the end of the present striug
g18 of the nat ions.
LUIS CABRERA DENIES ANY
TIME LIll1IT FOR SIGNING.
New Yor'k.-Luis (Cabrera, chair'man
or the Mexican deiga tion on the Mex
icn-niericana point commission said(
here that 11 .time limit had been fixed
for General Carrianza either to accept
oar reject the Iprotocol proposed by the
Mexicnn-AmerIcan conference at At
!antic City. There wasl511 n nderstandl
ing during the sessions of the joint
ceimm1issioni ho addedl, whli ch gave thle
A meican commissioners auithorlt y to
imipose suc(h a time limit.
PLAN BIG NAVA L SHOW
FOR THE U. S. ISLANDS.
W\ashitgon.-Phlans for' a great no
val dlemiemi't rat ion to signalize Ameri
cnn a'q:::it ion of thle Danish WVest In. E
dies are being considered~ by state p
andi navy department officials. Prob- c
ably the entire Atlanitic fleet will be t
or'dered to St. Thomias,. the long- I i
south naval base alte, to participate 2
ifi the celebration. Minister Brun of a
Denmark, formally advised the state t01
danartment .that the treaty for the a
cale of the $Udanids hadt been annmrivetd,
FOR CHANGE IN PLAN
'IRST CHIEF SENDS OBJECTIONS
TO PLAN FOR MEXICAN
40TE IS NOT MADE PUBLIC
-atest Suggestions For Changes in
Agreement Will Be Considered by
The Three American Representa
tives, tane, Mott and Gray.
WaNVihiington.--One more appeal for
nodiinaition of the protocol providing
or he withdrawal of American troops
rom Mexico is made by General Car
'anza in a message delivered to See
o-tary Lane by Luis Cabrera, chair
nan of the Mexican members of the
oint commission. The Mexican first
-hief replied to the insistent Ameri
-an demand that the protocol signed
>y his spokesman atV Atlantic City be
'atified with an eight hundred word
locument in which he failed to ac
'ode to the demand. but. refrained
'romi writing anything that could be
onstrued as a flat iepudiation.
The latest suggestions for changes
A the agreement now will be consid
ared by the three American represen
tatives--Secretary Lane, J. R. Mott
ind Judge Gray. Secretary Lane ad
vised his colleagues of the character
if the reply and askced them 1.o meet
him here as soon as they conven
A joint session of the Mexican
American commnssion will be held at
which the Americans will give the I
Mexicans their answetr and on its na
ure depends the future course of the
It was learned that the Mexican
-omnmissioners were confident that no
nseparable barrier had been raised by
The chief insistence of Carranza has
>een that the American troops should
)e withdrawn unconditionally which
,he American commissioners would
aot consider. It was indicated that
farranza's insistence on that point
was less pronounced now and that the
-hange in his attitude had been
wrought largely by the altered mill
tary situation in northern Mexico.
ADAMSON ACT CONFERENCE
SPLITS OVER WAGE ISSUE
End Comes Abr tly-No More Meet
ings Until Suiemne Court Passes
New York.---Conferences between
'epresentatives of the railroads andI
he four brotherlIoods of railway em
>loyes at which 'were discussed the
iossibillities of a settlement of the
igh t -hour controversy, were discon
inued abruptly today when It became,
ppiar-ent an agreement could not be
It was announced by both sides that
here would be no more meetings until
tfter the United States Supreme Court
tands down its decision on the consti
utionality of the Adamson act.
The break came, it was learned.
tmhen the ratroad representatives re
utsedl to c-oncede thme demands of the
tow wage schedule fixed by the Adam
~on law, which goes into effect Janu
The brotherhood chiefs held, it. was
ild, that their men had the right to
iegln drawving wages according to the
wtale rovide~d by the Adamson law
mmediately' after the law became ef
ective. irrespective of the suits
uirought by the railroads to test its
3ALiFORNIA PRESS TO
Sacramento. Cal.-- An increase in
obscript ion and advertising rates as
means of lighting the high cost of
newsprint paper is favored by mem
ers of the California Press Associa
ion. a(-cordling to a report made by a
peelal commit tee of the association.
'RESIDENT WILL VETO
PUBLIC BUJILDINGS BILL
WVashington.--P-resident Wilson toIld
-allers that ~e wvould veto the $28,000,
00 publ)1Ic bii di ngs bill if it c-om(-s
o hinm in the form in which it is nowm
>end'nmg in th hianittse. Its ad vocates
tlan to seek to obtain a rule for eon.
ideratlion ofth' Imnea sutre by the lhons
ohn a ft er he ('litImas r'ecess. The~
wesident has ri-c-hed no deision ont
lhe rivers andl t~ harbors hilf laid befor
)f the RlI vers ad lar a.bor's (Commit tee.
28 VESSELS SUNK BY
ONE SUBMARiNE CAPTAIN
Anmsterdanm, v'ia London-Announce.
mont ii madle In the Berlin newspa.
ers that the Ordler of Merit has been]
onferredl on Captain Valentiner, Cal-)'
tin of a German submarine for sink-.
ig'128 ships of- a total tonnage of
i2,000. Included among the boats
Ink are a F'rench gunboat, a troop Ji
ansport, four steamshgps loaded 'with Jt
ar material and a Wrench .ub.m..ine
GERMANY TO GIVE
TERMS ON FIHST DAY
CENTRAL POWERS WILL HAVE
PEACE OFFER READY WHEN
Count Von Bernstorff In 'Statement
Says He Considers Answer to Wil.
son's Proposal as -Acceptance By
Teutons of All Suggestions.
Washington.- In spite of the - w'de
gulf between the insistence of the Cen
tral Powers for an immdliate peace
conference and the forceast -of a uint
mous refisal by the Entente Allies to
enter such a conference without know
Ing Germany'.s terms in advance, the
American Government believes that
the negotiations in progress are result
ing in good. It was said with authority
that until the door to peace actually
closed by one side or the other, Presi
dent Wilson will continue to hope that
any discussion of the subject will tend
to hasten the end of the war.
Couit von l Bernstorff. the German
Ambassador, returning unexpectedly
from New York, authorized the Asso
ciated Press to make the following
"I regard the note of my govern
ment as constituting an acceptance of
everything suggested by President
Wilson in his note to the belligerent
nations of Europe."
It was made (lear at the Embassy
that Germany stands ready to make
known her terms on the first (lay of
any conference that may be held, and
officials expressed themselves as be
ing greatly surprised at the view pre
vailing in some quarters here that
the Berlin government had failed to
meet the President's suggestions by
note, setting down in the reply the
terms upon which it is willing to make
peace. The German displomats say
President Wilson has no intention of
drawing a public declaration concern
ing terms from the Central Powers.
On the contrary they think the Pres
ident's suggestion "that an early oc
casion be sought to call out from all
the nations now at war such an avow
al of their respective views as to the
terms upon which the war might be
concluded," has been fully met by
Germany in seeking an immediate
conference with her enemies.
RESOURCES OF NATIONAL
BANKS SHOW BIG INCREASE.
Gain of Four Billions Made In Past
Two Years, Making Gigantic Total
Washington.-Resources of National
banks of the United States, Comptrol
ler Williams announced, have increas
ed more than $4,000,000,000 during the
last two years and now aggregate $15,
520,000,000 exceeding by about $1,000,
000,000, the total resources of the
Bank of England, the Bank of France,
the Bank of Russia, the German
Reichsbank, the Bank of Italy, the
Bank of Spain, the Bank of The Neth
erlands, the Bank of Denmark. the
Swiss National Bank an'd the Tmperial
Bank of Japan combined.
In a statement based upon r-etur-ns
from the last bank call, November 17,
the Comptroller calls attention to the
fact that the increase has been at the
rate of approximately 18/ per cent a
year (luring the last two years.
COLUMBIA GETS FARM
LOAN BANK FOR CAROLINAS.!
Washington.-Twelve citiles in which
are to b~e located the Eederal Farm
Loan Banks were announced by the
far-m loan board, and it is expected
that within 60 clays the new system
will be0 in operation, ready to make
the loans tor which applications al
readly are p~our-ing in from every sec
tion of the country,
The banks will be set up ini Spring
field, Mass.; Boltimore, Md.; Colum
bia, S. C.; New Orleans, La.; Houston,
Texas; St. Louis, Mo.; Louisville, Ky.;
St. Paul, Min.; Omaha, Neb.;
Wichita, Kan.; Spokane, Wash.; and
VILLA PREPARES TO
ATTACK TWO CITIES,
El Paso, Texas.---Francisco Villa's
forces are preparing to attack C'hi
huahua City and Junarez simultane
ously in an effort to establish railroad
raffle between the border and Tfor
r-eon, it was said by a man known to
be close to Villa. A Mexican refugee
from Torre on saidl Villa was preparing
to mlove northI withI 5,000, men to attack
('hi huma h a ('ity. lie rep'Jortedl anmother
force of 5t'0 Villa followers to have
beent at the ('aIdron ranmch.
TEUTONS CLOSE IN ON
RUMANI/AN SUPPLY CENTER,
The net of tihe ' tutnic Allies ap
aarently' is tast clo.-ing in upon Blraila,
Etumania's oil amid grain center on the
r)anube. Having takeni Filipechti, 30
ntiles to the southwe.st, lFieldl Marshal
ion Mackensen's troops have now cap
uired the railrbad town of Aimnik
sarat, relatively the same distance to
he east, while the guns of'the Dobru
lja army are still hamme ing and with
ome success the Rtu'so. umanians at
hn hrriehea ouMnte
RIGGS GETS DATA
ON STUDENT BODY
AGRICULTURAL COURSES ARE
MUCH PREFERRED. - MANY
PALMETO CAPITOL NEWS
General News of South Carolina Col
lected and Condensed From The
State Capital That Will Prove of
Interest to All Our Readers.
Both interesting and illuminatIng
is the vital statistics chapter of Pres
ident Bigg's annual report to the board
of trustees of Clemson college. The
assembled data relates to the entire
student body of 843 students. A sur
prising fact is the predominant pro
portion of students who come fromr
the rural districts. Of the total ein
rQllment of 843 students 706 are sons
of farmers or men who formerly gave
their time and attention to agricul
tural pursuits. A total of 610 have
lived on the farm as long as 14 years.
Five hundred and fifty-three were
born in the country. Only 146 now
live in town or citie; with a popula
tion above 2,500. Six hundred now
live in the country or small towns.
Another detail indicates the influ
ence of the alumni oi succeeding gen
erations. Two hu-idred and forty-flve
of those now enrolled have had 33S
byothers to matriculate at Clemson, of
which number 121, were g'aduated.
The average age of the student body
is 19 years and 5 months, and the
average height 5 feet and 9 inches.
The present senior class has a mem
bership of 111. There are 150 juniors,
189 sophomores, and 332 freshmen.
Thirty-two have matriculated for the
one year agricultural course. Twen
ty-six are classed as irregulars, with
three pursuing post graduate courses.
Agricultufal courses are by far the
most popular. In these 473 students
are now enrolled, with 370 in all other
President Riggs emphasized while
in Columbia Wednesday for the an
nual meeting of the trustees that a
decidedly wholesome result had been
obtained by referring tle matter of
State aid to the board of charities
and correction. Nearly 100 per cent.
more paid tuition this fall without ap
plication for State aid than one year
ago and upon recommendation of the
board of correction free tuition has
been denied 15.6 of the 374 making ap
plication. Concerning the distribu
tion of scholarships the president's
"There are in effect this session 146
regular four-year county scholarships
and 17 one-year scholarships from
the state at large to fill county vacan
cies. There are also 24 scholarships
in the one year agricultural course.
"Of the total number holding schol
arships, 162 ar-e taking agricultural
cour-ses and 24 textile cow-sea. Under
the law not more than one man per
cour ty can take the textile course.
"Of the total number holding schol
arships, 183 or 71 1-2 per cent are
farmers' sons, and 53 or 28 1-2 per
cent are sons of mer-chants, lawyers,
etc. Some of the latter- are in the
textile cow-se, for which mill exper
ience rather than farm experience is
Columbia Plans For Farm Bank.
Designation of Columbia as the site
of one among the 12 land banks to be
established under- the feder-al farn
loan act set in motion immediately
quriet but urgent campaigns for the
several more or less attr-active posa
tions which are t4 hv. filled. Thie bank
is to be governted "templorarrily" by
five directora, residents of the district
(the Carolinas, Geor-gia, Florida),
wvhose compensation tire farm loan
board shall fix, andl these directors
will choose from their trumber a pres
ident and vice presidenrt, a secretary
and a treasut-er, tire staff comprising
also attorneys, experts, assistants,
clerks and lab~orers, the pay of wvhom
will be dleterminied by the directors,
subject to approval.
The federal farm loanr act was pass
ed at the last sessicn of congress and
banks wvill be op~ened in January or
The purposes of tire act are: To
lower arid equalize interest rates on
first mor-tgage fari loans; to provide
longer termn loans with tire pr-ivilege
of rep~aymnent in inst allments t hromrlh
a long or shot period of yearis; to
assemble tire famt (-redits of tire na
tion to b~e used as security foi- money
to he employedl ini farm dlevelopmet;
to stimulate co-oper-ative actionr among
fa-rer-s; to chleck( land motropoly by
making it easier for tenrats to secure
landls and to prtovidle safe and soundl
long term investments fotr tire thrifty.
The -act was passed b~y congr-ess
June 28, 1916, and was signed by
President Wilson July 17, 1916, and
became ai law immedhiately.
['lie machinery for the application
of the far-i loani act may be divided
lito t~hree main divisions as follows:
Tire federal faran loan be rd of five
membera, named by the esident.
The 12 federal land anks, estab
lished at central poi a throughout
The many nation farm loan asso
alations, each mlad p of ten or more
farmers, who' ho w from the ~~
FARM LOAN BANK
SOUTH CAROLINA CAPITAL GETS
ONE OF THE TWELVE INSTI
DISTRICT ALONG THE COAST
Will Open in kbout Two Months and
Serve Georgia, Ffbrida and Two
Washington.-Just a few days be
foro the prescribed time for receiv
ing New Year presents., ('lumbia was
given one of the farm loan banks by
William (. McAdoo, secretary of the
treasury, and the members of the
farm loan board after one (f the most
interesting and exciting c,n!tests withl
150 other cities throughout the coun
try. Columbia did not win the fight
for the baik without effl It. It got
into the game when, months ago, it
was practically certain that there
would be a farm lo.n bank in the near
future. Following initial efforts made
:t that time, it kept on fighting and
when about three weelk ago, it was
stated in this correspondence that it
might lose the bank. instead of sulk
ing Its business men took hold of the
situation with renewed effort, the re
sult being the presentation of the
bank. That Columbia has won the
fight in competition with such cities
as Birmingham, Nashville. Jackson
ville and others, 150 of them alto
gether, speaks well for the concerted
business activity of the capital city.
Had its citizens failed to keep up
their fight, especially when it looked
as it they were whipped, Columbia
would have lost, instead of winning a
The 12 cities in which are to be lo
cated the federal farm loan banks
were announced by the farm loan
board, and it is expected that within
60 days the new system will be in
operati'on, ready to make the loans fPpr
which applications already are pour
Ing in from every section of the
The Twelve Banks.
The banks will be set up in Spring
field, Mass., Baltimore. Md., Columbia.
New Orleans, La. louston, Texas, St.
Louis, Mo., Louisville. Ky., S.. Paul.
Minn., Omaha, Neb.. Wichita, Kan.,
Spokane, Wash., and Berkeley, Cal.
The 12 districtts into which the
country is divided were announced by
the farm loan board as follows:
District No. 1, Maine, New Hiamp
shire, Vermont, Massac-husetts llhmte
Island Connecticut, New Y--': ;r
New Jersey; district No. 2, 1' . ,1
vania, Delaware, Maryland. \ird:a.
West Virginia and the District of Co
lumbia; district No. 3. North Carolina.
South Carolina, Georgia and N-'lorida
district No. 4, Indiana. Kentucky and
Tennessee; district No. 5. Alabama.
Mississippi and Louisiana; district No.
6, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas;
district No. 7, Michigan, Wisconsin.
Minnesota and North Dekota: ds
tilt No. 8, Iowa, Nebraska, South
D~akota and Wyoming; district No. 9t.
Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and New
Mexico; distr-ict No. 10, Texas; dis
trict No. 11, California, Nexada and
Arizona; district No. 12, Washington.
Oregon, Montana and Idaho.
"In deter-mining the -federal land
bank distr-icts and in designtating the
cities within such distr-icts wh re fed-.
oral land banks shall lie located," the
osiicial announcement says, "the fed
eral farm loan boar-d has given caie
ful considerationi to thc farm loan
needs of the couritry. The boar-d held
public hearings In near-ly ever-y state
in the U~notn and in this manner (
lected lnfor-mationi of great value ini
-determining Its decision.
"Every reasonable oppoirtunit y has&
been afforded to applicant cities to
furnish evidence to supot.t their
claim as locations of fedoeral land
banks. More thatn 75 cities applied
to lie designlated as the headqcuar-ters
of a bank andl wer-e heardc through
representative commit tees and indi
The banks will be establishbed as
soon as practicable. Each wvill have
a capital of $750,000. Application for
loans have been pourintg Into the
board In great volume recently and it
is estimated that a sum more than 2i0
times In excess of the comblined cap
ital stock could be used In making
Almost the first wvork -of the banks
after' approvitng and issuing Ioan n.
Willl be the Isuance of farm loan I
bonds, a new form of security in this
country, The bonds wvill be Issued int
denominations as small as $25, it is
Oxpectedl, and will ieatr interest at a
rate of I Per cent less than the In
terest i-ate charged 'farmers on their
Boy Killed Accidentally,
Gr-eenville.-Acey Dlurdett, aged 14,
shot and killed his 11 year old brother-,
Carl B. Burdett, about 4 o'clock Wed
nesday, while out hunting in the
Bethel section, near Simpsonvllle.
Their father, T. 0. Burdett, is a promi
nent farmer and lives about three
miles from Simpsonville near where
the shooting occurred. Acey Burdett
said he tried to shoot a rabbit. when 4
the~gun was accidentklly dincharged,
the shot entering 'the younger boy's
neck. The funeral was held 'from
Uethel church Thursday afternoon.