Newspaper Page Text
l OUI L ; DEMANDS 4 BY EN '-.4RMARIZED Te AFrom Status Quo su - lust Give Up Much Possessions and Change Gov ernment. London.-Tho Spectator devotes the greater part of Its issue to answering President Wilson's question as to what are the peace terms of the entente al lies. Briefly summarized the principal demands as outlined by the Spectator follow: "The peace terms are to start from the status quo before the war, thus in cluding the evacuat ion of the whole of northern France, Belgium and Luxem burg, and of all lands taken from Ser hia. Rumania, Russia and Montenegro. "Alsace-Lorraine is to be restored to France. The Danish portion of Schles wig-Holstein is to go to Denmark and Posen. Polish Prussia and Austrian Poland are to be added to the new sub kingdom of Poland which the Czar has edged to create. he Slavs of Bosnia.. Herzegovina, Detia, Croatia,, etc., are to be creato. into a new kingdom. create, ,josnomia is to be an independent "The Rumanian section of Transyl vania to be added to Rumania. "The whole Austrian Tyrol, plus Triest, Istria, and the other portions of Austria which are Italian in blood or feeling, to be added to Italy. "Turkey to yield Constantinople anrid the straits to nlussii. "The Armenians to be put under Russian tutelage. "The Arabs to be freed, while Syria, Asia Minor and Mesopotamia are to be under external protection guarantee ing tranquility. "The German colonies to remain in the hands of the entente. Moreover, a money indemnity for the ruin Ger many has done in Belgium, France, Serbia, Montenegro, etc. "As regarding shipping, Germany to make reparation in kind for all ships of commerce destroyed ton for ton, neutral shipping to be replaced only after all the demands of the allies have been satisfied. "The German navy to be handed over and distribute'l among entente nations. "As a guarantee against future war, the allies are to insist upon the demo eratization of the German government. "The Kiel canal to be neutralized under an international non-German commission including the entente countries, the United States and other neutrals." REFUSAL OF MAKERS TO TALK STOPS PAPER PROBE. Department of Justice May Be Asked to Take Hand in Investigation. Washington. -- Hearings reopened here by' the Federal Trade Commis sion in its n'ews print paper investiga tioni came to a sudden end when paper manufacturers refused' to discuss the reasonableness of news print prices. Both publishers and Jobbers 1had been1 heard. The manufacturers dleclared that they had not had time to study tables preparedl by the commission's inves igators purporting to shlow huge prof its. Members of the Trade Commais a ion announced that despite an appar ent unwillingness by the manufactur e rs to co-operate in the investigatloll. the c'ommissionl's rep)ort woulld be is Auedl probably inl about 10 (lays and( that such recommlendations to Con * ress wouldl be mlade as were thought necessary. At the Rame time it was said thle commission would soon1 be in position to ann~oun~ce whethler- Its con sideration of a papler' distribuition plani showed an actual paper shortage and a need for distribution under super vision of tile commilissioni. FOREIGNERS IN MEXICO MUST RESIGN RIGHTS. Mexico City.-A decree has beeni is sued giving foreigners holding title to real estate, milling anld oil pr-opertiles and timber lands until April 15~ to re -lsgn their treaty rights in so far as the properties In question aire concern. ed. Formal renluneint ion of such rights miust be made in ne(ordanllc with the decree issued more t han fourt $ onths ago which provided that such tpreigners must become citIzens in so tr as thecir proper'ty was con~ernled. 'I NATION-WIDE RAILl STRIKE AGAiN RESTS WITH ORDERS. ?ew York.-Special circuilars put ting up, to the 400,000 members re ~ponsibility for the next steps to be taken by the, railroad brotherhoods in thstr controversy with the railroads over this ggptfbatbion AQ n~trpreta t.i onf the Adamson t, 'were sent / bro 4fpfb~ telegrapii. ter a confer ~~' ~ e dettiru brotherhood chiefs. * f the action, was ,. Lee, .#feent -of. 17 h~r)5id of Railway Wraimen. IENE ........... NX F New photograph of Atlee Pomer ene, who was re-elected United States senator from' Ohio. CENTRAL POWERS REPLY SUGGEST THAT CONFERENCE BE HELD TO DISCUSS BASIS OF PEACE TERMS. In Washington, Action Is Looked Upon as Advancing Cause, Although There is Disappointment Because No Terms Are Set Forth. Washington.----Germnany's reply to President Vilson's note Is regarded here as having advanced the peace movement another stel) despite the I fact that it disappoint.s in not meeting his suggestion for an avowel of terms. The reception German's reply re ceives aniong the 10ntente Allies. whose statesmen have publicly de clared against such a program, now becoznes the point upon which a furth er move hinges. The German note probably is the prelude to a series of carefully considered delicate moves in the great game of world diplomney all )ossibly lea-ding to an approach for a real disc'ussionl of peace terms on grounds which all the belligerents (al place them at no disadvantage. This.is the official view of Ger many's reply. so far as it has been formulated on the basis of the uin official text. The official coa)y had not been received anld Presiden, WIlson was (eeping his m1ind open. Neu tral iplloma ti' quarteris, too, re goardedi the note as a step toward pea(ce anud rather leaned to the view that Germany might follow it with a con fident ial communicntion of some sor-t outlining her ter-ms. The reply of t he Cnitrail Powvers as givon out at Berlin, says: "'The hilgh-miinded suggest ion miade by' the President of the United States of America in or'der to create a basis for the establishmient of a lasting peace has been received and ('onsidler edI by thle inmperial Govern ment in the fr'ienly~ spiirit wihiih was expressed in the PresIdent's commiunicantion. ''The President poiits out that which he laos at heart and leaves open the choice of roads. '"To the Imperial Government an imo mediate exchange of views seems to be the most aippropiria te roadl in order ti onech the desired resuil. '"It begs, therefore. ini the sense of the d eclaration01 maide on Decem ber- 12~ whiIch ofrered a hanad foi- peac n'go. iatioins to piropose an immedliate meet, lug of dlelegates of the belligerent States at a neutral place. "The Imperial Government is also of the opinion that the great work of ireienting future wars can be begun ot-ly after the end of the present striug g18 of the nat ions. LUIS CABRERA DENIES ANY TIME LIll1IT FOR SIGNING. New Yor'k.-Luis (Cabrera, chair'man or the Mexican deiga tion on the Mex icn-niericana point commission said( here that 11 .time limit had been fixed for General Carrianza either to accept oar reject the Iprotocol proposed by the Mexicnn-AmerIcan conference at At !antic City. There wasl511 n nderstandl ing during the sessions of the joint ceimm1issioni ho addedl, whli ch gave thle A meican commissioners auithorlt y to imipose suc(h a time limit. PLAN BIG NAVA L SHOW FOR THE U. S. ISLANDS. W\ashitgon.-Phlans for' a great no val dlemiemi't rat ion to signalize Ameri cnn a'q:::it ion of thle Danish WVest In. E dies are being considered~ by state p andi navy department officials. Prob- c ably the entire Atlanitic fleet will be t or'dered to St. Thomias,. the long- I i south naval base alte, to participate 2 ifi the celebration. Minister Brun of a Denmark, formally advised the state t01 danartment .that the treaty for the a cale of the $Udanids hadt been annmrivetd, ARRANZA APPEALS FOR CHANGE IN PLAN 'IRST CHIEF SENDS OBJECTIONS TO PLAN FOR MEXICAN BORDER CONTROL, 40TE IS NOT MADE PUBLIC -atest Suggestions For Changes in Agreement Will Be Considered by The Three American Representa tives, tane, Mott and Gray. WaNVihiington.--One more appeal for nodiinaition of the protocol providing or he withdrawal of American troops rom Mexico is made by General Car 'anza in a message delivered to See o-tary Lane by Luis Cabrera, chair nan of the Mexican members of the oint commission. The Mexican first -hief replied to the insistent Ameri -an demand that the protocol signed >y his spokesman atV Atlantic City be 'atified with an eight hundred word locument in which he failed to ac 'ode to the demand. but. refrained 'romi writing anything that could be onstrued as a flat iepudiation. The latest suggestions for changes A the agreement now will be consid ared by the three American represen tatives--Secretary Lane, J. R. Mott ind Judge Gray. Secretary Lane ad vised his colleagues of the character if the reply and askced them 1.o meet him here as soon as they conven lently could. A joint session of the Mexican American commnssion will be held at which the Americans will give the I Mexicans their answetr and on its na ure depends the future course of the ommissionery. It was learned that the Mexican -omnmissioners were confident that no nseparable barrier had been raised by arranza. The chief insistence of Carranza has >een that the American troops should )e withdrawn unconditionally which ,he American commissioners would aot consider. It was indicated that farranza's insistence on that point was less pronounced now and that the -hange in his attitude had been wrought largely by the altered mill tary situation in northern Mexico. ADAMSON ACT CONFERENCE SPLITS OVER WAGE ISSUE End Comes Abr tly-No More Meet ings Until Suiemne Court Passes On Law New York.---Conferences between 'epresentatives of the railroads andI he four brotherlIoods of railway em >loyes at which 'were discussed the iossibillities of a settlement of the igh t -hour controversy, were discon inued abruptly today when It became, ppiar-ent an agreement could not be eacehed. It was announced by both sides that here would be no more meetings until tfter the United States Supreme Court tands down its decision on the consti utionality of the Adamson act. The break came, it was learned. tmhen the ratroad representatives re utsedl to c-oncede thme demands of the tow wage schedule fixed by the Adam ~on law, which goes into effect Janu try 1st. The brotherhood chiefs held, it. was ild, that their men had the right to iegln drawving wages according to the wtale rovide~d by the Adamson law mmediately' after the law became ef ective. irrespective of the suits uirought by the railroads to test its 'alidity. 3ALiFORNIA PRESS TO INCREASE RATES Sacramento. Cal.-- An increase in obscript ion and advertising rates as means of lighting the high cost of newsprint paper is favored by mem ers of the California Press Associa ion. a(-cordling to a report made by a peelal commit tee of the association. 'RESIDENT WILL VETO PUBLIC BUJILDINGS BILL WVashington.--P-resident Wilson toIld -allers that ~e wvould veto the $28,000, 00 publ)1Ic bii di ngs bill if it c-om(-s o hinm in the form in which it is nowm >end'nmg in th hianittse. Its ad vocates tlan to seek to obtain a rule for eon. ideratlion ofth' Imnea sutre by the lhons ohn a ft er he ('litImas r'ecess. The~ wesident has ri-c-hed no deision ont lhe rivers andl t~ harbors hilf laid befor )f the RlI vers ad lar a.bor's (Commit tee. 28 VESSELS SUNK BY ONE SUBMARiNE CAPTAIN Anmsterdanm, v'ia London-Announce. mont ii madle In the Berlin newspa. ers that the Ordler of Merit has been] onferredl on Captain Valentiner, Cal-)' tin of a German submarine for sink-. ig'128 ships of- a total tonnage of i2,000. Included among the boats Ink are a F'rench gunboat, a troop Ji ansport, four steamshgps loaded 'with Jt ar material and a Wrench .ub.m..ine GERMANY TO GIVE TERMS ON FIHST DAY CENTRAL POWERS WILL HAVE PEACE OFFER READY WHEN CONFERENCE CONVENES. BERNSTORFF'S STATEMFNT Count Von Bernstorff In 'Statement Says He Considers Answer to Wil. son's Proposal as -Acceptance By Teutons of All Suggestions. Washington.- In spite of the - w'de gulf between the insistence of the Cen tral Powers for an immdliate peace conference and the forceast -of a uint mous refisal by the Entente Allies to enter such a conference without know Ing Germany'.s terms in advance, the American Government believes that the negotiations in progress are result ing in good. It was said with authority that until the door to peace actually closed by one side or the other, Presi dent Wilson will continue to hope that any discussion of the subject will tend to hasten the end of the war. Couit von l Bernstorff. the German Ambassador, returning unexpectedly from New York, authorized the Asso ciated Press to make the following statement: "I regard the note of my govern ment as constituting an acceptance of everything suggested by President Wilson in his note to the belligerent nations of Europe." It was made (lear at the Embassy that Germany stands ready to make known her terms on the first (lay of any conference that may be held, and officials expressed themselves as be ing greatly surprised at the view pre vailing in some quarters here that the Berlin government had failed to meet the President's suggestions by note, setting down in the reply the terms upon which it is willing to make peace. The German displomats say President Wilson has no intention of drawing a public declaration concern ing terms from the Central Powers. On the contrary they think the Pres ident's suggestion "that an early oc casion be sought to call out from all the nations now at war such an avow al of their respective views as to the terms upon which the war might be concluded," has been fully met by Germany in seeking an immediate conference with her enemies. RESOURCES OF NATIONAL BANKS SHOW BIG INCREASE. Gain of Four Billions Made In Past Two Years, Making Gigantic Total of $15,520,000,000. Washington.-Resources of National banks of the United States, Comptrol ler Williams announced, have increas ed more than $4,000,000,000 during the last two years and now aggregate $15, 520,000,000 exceeding by about $1,000, 000,000, the total resources of the Bank of England, the Bank of France, the Bank of Russia, the German Reichsbank, the Bank of Italy, the Bank of Spain, the Bank of The Neth erlands, the Bank of Denmark. the Swiss National Bank an'd the Tmperial Bank of Japan combined. In a statement based upon r-etur-ns from the last bank call, November 17, the Comptroller calls attention to the fact that the increase has been at the rate of approximately 18/ per cent a year (luring the last two years. COLUMBIA GETS FARM LOAN BANK FOR CAROLINAS.! Washington.-Twelve citiles in which are to b~e located the Eederal Farm Loan Banks were announced by the far-m loan board, and it is expected that within 60 clays the new system will be0 in operation, ready to make the loans tor which applications al readly are p~our-ing in from every sec tion of the country, The banks will be set up ini Spring field, Mass.; Boltimore, Md.; Colum bia, S. C.; New Orleans, La.; Houston, Texas; St. Louis, Mo.; Louisville, Ky.; St. Paul, Min.; Omaha, Neb.; Wichita, Kan.; Spokane, Wash.; and Berkeley, Cal. VILLA PREPARES TO ATTACK TWO CITIES, El Paso, Texas.---Francisco Villa's forces are preparing to attack C'hi huahua City and Junarez simultane ously in an effort to establish railroad raffle between the border and Tfor r-eon, it was said by a man known to be close to Villa. A Mexican refugee from Torre on saidl Villa was preparing to mlove northI withI 5,000, men to attack ('hi huma h a ('ity. lie rep'Jortedl anmother force of 5t'0 Villa followers to have beent at the ('aIdron ranmch. TEUTONS CLOSE IN ON RUMANI/AN SUPPLY CENTER, The net of tihe ' tutnic Allies ap aarently' is tast clo.-ing in upon Blraila, Etumania's oil amid grain center on the r)anube. Having takeni Filipechti, 30 ntiles to the southwe.st, lFieldl Marshal ion Mackensen's troops have now cap uired the railrbad town of Aimnik sarat, relatively the same distance to he east, while the guns of'the Dobru lja army are still hamme ing and with ome success the Rtu'so. umanians at hn hrriehea ouMnte RIGGS GETS DATA ON STUDENT BODY AGRICULTURAL COURSES ARE MUCH PREFERRED. - MANY FROM COUNTY. PALMETO CAPITOL NEWS General News of South Carolina Col lected and Condensed From The State Capital That Will Prove of Interest to All Our Readers. Columbia. Both interesting and illuminatIng is the vital statistics chapter of Pres ident Bigg's annual report to the board of trustees of Clemson college. The assembled data relates to the entire student body of 843 students. A sur prising fact is the predominant pro portion of students who come fromr the rural districts. Of the total ein rQllment of 843 students 706 are sons of farmers or men who formerly gave their time and attention to agricul tural pursuits. A total of 610 have lived on the farm as long as 14 years. Five hundred and fifty-three were born in the country. Only 146 now live in town or citie; with a popula tion above 2,500. Six hundred now live in the country or small towns. Another detail indicates the influ ence of the alumni oi succeeding gen erations. Two hu-idred and forty-flve of those now enrolled have had 33S byothers to matriculate at Clemson, of which number 121, were g'aduated. The average age of the student body is 19 years and 5 months, and the average height 5 feet and 9 inches. The present senior class has a mem bership of 111. There are 150 juniors, 189 sophomores, and 332 freshmen. Thirty-two have matriculated for the one year agricultural course. Twen ty-six are classed as irregulars, with three pursuing post graduate courses. Agricultufal courses are by far the most popular. In these 473 students are now enrolled, with 370 in all other departments. President Riggs emphasized while in Columbia Wednesday for the an nual meeting of the trustees that a decidedly wholesome result had been obtained by referring tle matter of State aid to the board of charities and correction. Nearly 100 per cent. more paid tuition this fall without ap plication for State aid than one year ago and upon recommendation of the board of correction free tuition has been denied 15.6 of the 374 making ap plication. Concerning the distribu tion of scholarships the president's report says: "There are in effect this session 146 regular four-year county scholarships and 17 one-year scholarships from the state at large to fill county vacan cies. There are also 24 scholarships in the one year agricultural course. "Of the total number holding schol arships, 162 ar-e taking agricultural cour-ses and 24 textile cow-sea. Under the law not more than one man per cour ty can take the textile course. "Of the total number holding schol arships, 183 or 71 1-2 per cent are farmers' sons, and 53 or 28 1-2 per cent are sons of mer-chants, lawyers, etc. Some of the latter- are in the textile cow-se, for which mill exper ience rather than farm experience is desir-able." Columbia Plans For Farm Bank. Designation of Columbia as the site of one among the 12 land banks to be established under- the feder-al farn loan act set in motion immediately quriet but urgent campaigns for the several more or less attr-active posa tions which are t4 hv. filled. Thie bank is to be governted "templorarrily" by five directora, residents of the district (the Carolinas, Geor-gia, Florida), wvhose compensation tire farm loan board shall fix, andl these directors will choose from their trumber a pres ident and vice presidenrt, a secretary and a treasut-er, tire staff comprising also attorneys, experts, assistants, clerks and lab~orers, the pay of wvhom will be dleterminied by the directors, subject to approval. The federal farm loanr act was pass ed at the last sessicn of congress and banks wvill be op~ened in January or February. The purposes of tire act are: To lower arid equalize interest rates on first mor-tgage fari loans; to provide longer termn loans with tire pr-ivilege of rep~aymnent in inst allments t hromrlh a long or shot period of yearis; to assemble tire famt (-redits of tire na tion to b~e used as security foi- money to he employedl ini farm dlevelopmet; to stimulate co-oper-ative actionr among fa-rer-s; to chleck( land motropoly by making it easier for tenrats to secure landls and to prtovidle safe and soundl long term investments fotr tire thrifty. The -act was passed b~y congr-ess June 28, 1916, and was signed by President Wilson July 17, 1916, and became ai law immedhiately. ['lie machinery for the application of the far-i loani act may be divided lito t~hree main divisions as follows: Tire federal faran loan be rd of five membera, named by the esident. The 12 federal land anks, estab lished at central poi a throughout the country. The many nation farm loan asso alations, each mlad p of ten or more farmers, who' ho w from the ~~ GOILUMBIA WINS FARM LOAN BANK SOUTH CAROLINA CAPITAL GETS ONE OF THE TWELVE INSTI TUTIONS. DISTRICT ALONG THE COAST Will Open in kbout Two Months and Serve Georgia, Ffbrida and Two Carolinas. Washington.-Just a few days be foro the prescribed time for receiv ing New Year presents., ('lumbia was given one of the farm loan banks by William (. McAdoo, secretary of the treasury, and the members of the farm loan board after one (f the most interesting and exciting c,n!tests withl 150 other cities throughout the coun try. Columbia did not win the fight for the baik without effl It. It got into the game when, months ago, it was practically certain that there would be a farm lo.n bank in the near future. Following initial efforts made :t that time, it kept on fighting and when about three weelk ago, it was stated in this correspondence that it might lose the bank. instead of sulk ing Its business men took hold of the situation with renewed effort, the re sult being the presentation of the bank. That Columbia has won the fight in competition with such cities as Birmingham, Nashville. Jackson ville and others, 150 of them alto gether, speaks well for the concerted business activity of the capital city. Had its citizens failed to keep up their fight, especially when it looked as it they were whipped, Columbia would have lost, instead of winning a wagnificent victory. The 12 cities in which are to be lo cated the federal farm loan banks were announced by the farm loan board, and it is expected that within 60 days the new system will be in operati'on, ready to make the loans fPpr which applications already are pour Ing in from every section of the country. The Twelve Banks. The banks will be set up in Spring field, Mass., Baltimore. Md., Columbia. New Orleans, La. louston, Texas, St. Louis, Mo., Louisville. Ky., S.. Paul. Minn., Omaha, Neb.. Wichita, Kan., Spokane, Wash., and Berkeley, Cal. The 12 districtts into which the country is divided were announced by the farm loan board as follows: District No. 1, Maine, New Hiamp shire, Vermont, Massac-husetts llhmte Island Connecticut, New Y--': ;r New Jersey; district No. 2, 1' . ,1 vania, Delaware, Maryland. \ird:a. West Virginia and the District of Co lumbia; district No. 3. North Carolina. South Carolina, Georgia and N-'lorida district No. 4, Indiana. Kentucky and Tennessee; district No. 5. Alabama. Mississippi and Louisiana; district No. 6, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas; district No. 7, Michigan, Wisconsin. Minnesota and North Dekota: ds tilt No. 8, Iowa, Nebraska, South D~akota and Wyoming; district No. 9t. Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico; distr-ict No. 10, Texas; dis trict No. 11, California, Nexada and Arizona; district No. 12, Washington. Oregon, Montana and Idaho. "In deter-mining the -federal land bank distr-icts and in designtating the cities within such distr-icts wh re fed-. oral land banks shall lie located," the osiicial announcement says, "the fed eral farm loan boar-d has given caie ful considerationi to thc farm loan needs of the couritry. The boar-d held public hearings In near-ly ever-y state in the U~notn and in this manner ( lected lnfor-mationi of great value ini -determining Its decision. "Every reasonable oppoirtunit y has& been afforded to applicant cities to furnish evidence to supot.t their claim as locations of fedoeral land banks. More thatn 75 cities applied to lie designlated as the headqcuar-ters of a bank andl wer-e heardc through representative commit tees and indi viduals." The banks will be establishbed as soon as practicable. Each wvill have a capital of $750,000. Application for loans have been pourintg Into the board In great volume recently and it is estimated that a sum more than 2i0 times In excess of the comblined cap ital stock could be used In making loans. Almost the first wvork -of the banks after' approvitng and issuing Ioan n. Willl be the Isuance of farm loan I bonds, a new form of security in this country, The bonds wvill be Issued int denominations as small as $25, it is Oxpectedl, and will ieatr interest at a rate of I Per cent less than the In terest i-ate charged 'farmers on their loans. Boy Killed Accidentally, Gr-eenville.-Acey Dlurdett, aged 14, shot and killed his 11 year old brother-, Carl B. Burdett, about 4 o'clock Wed nesday, while out hunting in the Bethel section, near Simpsonvllle. Their father, T. 0. Burdett, is a promi nent farmer and lives about three miles from Simpsonville near where the shooting occurred. Acey Burdett said he tried to shoot a rabbit. when 4 the~gun was accidentklly dincharged, the shot entering 'the younger boy's neck. The funeral was held 'from Uethel church Thursday afternoon.