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a RUSSIAN TROUBLE
ISAFELY PASSE[ CONTROVERSY BETWEEN WORM MEN'S COUNCIL AND GOVERN. MENT SETTLED. PREPARE NEW DECLARAT1ON Government's Foreign Policy Explain ed In Definite Terms and Is Accept ted by Soldiers' and Workingmen's Delegates. Petrograd, via London.-The contro versy between the Council of Work men's and Soldiers' Delegates and the Provisional Government that for a short time had threatened such serious consequences In which, in fact, the fate of the nation and possibly of the war were Involved has been settled. Prince Tseretelli, speaking before a tremendous assemblage of soldiers and workmen, declared that the govern ment had prepared a new declaration concerning its foreign policy, which was In deffinite lagua g' and corre. sponded to the pwocialation of April 9 and enmbod ied tle views of tle pro letarilat. hentihe speakier declared that the temporary governmelit had acquitted itself of the icharge brought against it by explaining in conelse terms what it meant by th(- vague form of yester day's declaratlion, a great cheer arose from the assembly and lasted for sev. eml minutes. It apparently voiced the relief which all present felt at the solution of the utmost serious diffi culty which had confronted the country since the revolution. Prince Tsertelli then read the new declaration sent the council by the government. and explained that the trouble was over and that the provi cional government would remain In power. Democracy, he announced amid continued cheering, had won 4 great victory. GOLDEN FLOOD POURS IN FOR "LIBERTY LOAN OF 1917." Small investor Not Yet Been Heard From.-Payments on Easy Terms. Washington.-The golden flood of subscriptions to the "liberty loan" con tines to sweep in upon the Treasury without abatement. Officials estimat ed that since the books were opened for subscription money had poured in at the rate of $7,208,260 per hour and the first three days business showed e total of about $500,000,000 or one-tentl of the total. Thus far only the banks and weal thy individuals have been heard from The small investors voice has no been heard, except indirectly. Offl cdals believe that a great army of met of moderate means are willing an< anxious to invest in the bonds, and t this end a program Is under considern tion which will enable virtually ever one in the country with only a smnaI amount to spare to buy at least one bond. - "It Is Intended to make the bondi - of such denominations," Secretar *McAdoo announiced,. "and the pay . ments on such easy terms asn will giv every inhabitant of the land the op portunity to help. Announcement a to the (denonminations andI payment will be made In a few (lays." Consideration of this and other de tails Indicates that small Investor will be permitted, In some manne yet to be formulated, to pay for bond by installments lasting over a consih orable period of time. In this, Trea: utry officials have the support of man banks, some of which have offeredt accept payments as. small as $5 months. Department' stores and othe agencies also have offered to co-ope: ate on this plan. MORE ENROLL THAN CAN BE'ACCOMMODATEI Fort Oglethorpe, Ga.-Tabulation the enrollment for the reserve oft eers' training camp here Indicated tha thirty-eight nmore Tennesseans ar Carolinians have qualified for admi misions than the camp can accommn date. GREAT BRITAIN SECONDS FRANCE'S REQUEST.TO SEND MEl Washington.--Great Brnitain formna ly joined France In expressing thi hope that an American expeditionar force would soon take its place o: the western front in IEurope. Foreig: Secretary Blalfour told the Council National Defense that the Britis: would be overjoyed to welcome al American force In France, and tha its early dispatch would have aln onom incus psychological effect, both on thi Allies and their enemies. FOR CO-OPERATION WITH FEDERAL GOVERNMEN1i Washington. - A dminist rative off eis of 180 leadIng institutions c Jearning in the United States cor ferred with a committee of the Advil ory Defense Commission and arrange machinery 'for co-operation with th Government during the war. Seer< tary Baker addressed the conferenci pointing out that important dlefens work can be done by the schools c the country, and the educators adopi ad resolutions for active serive, PLANS FOR NEW I ARMY COMPLETED NORTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA AND TENNESSEE IN SIXTH DIVISION. FORM EIGHTEEN DIVISIONS Each Will Be Complete In Every Arm of Service.-All Details For Raising New Army Completed By the War Department. Wasbington.-The full strength of the first war army organized under the selective draft bill will be 18,538 officers and 528,669 enlisted men, mak ing up eighteen war strength divis ons complete in every arm and sup plemented by sixteen regiments of heavy field artillery equipped with large caliber howitzers. Virtually every detail of plans for raising, training, equipping and or ganizing this force has been acrefully worked out by the WVar nDepartnlolit, and the selec.lon of the men will be gin as soon as the draft measure be. conies !aw. Conferees of the Senate and Ilouse hope to a1gree upon disput ed features at once so as to send the bill to the President for his signature early this week. A revised list of officers' training camp districts issued by the Depart ment indicat' that the divisions of the first half million new fighting men will be formed as follows: First division-Troops from all New England States. Second-New York Congressional districts one to twenty-sixth, (includ Ing Long Island and New York City.) Third-Remainder of New York State and Pennsylvania Congression al districts 10, 11, 14, 16, 16, 21, 25 and 28. Fourth-Remainder of Pennylva nia State, including Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Fifth-New Jersey, Delaware, Mary land, Virginia and the District of Columbia. The Carolinas. Sixth-North and South Carolina and Tennessee. Seventh-Georgia, Alabama and Florida. Eighth-Ohio and West Virginia. Ninth-Indiana and Kentucky. Tenth-llinois. Eleventh-Michigan and Wiscon sin. Twelfth-Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisiana. Thirteenth-Minnesota, Oklahoma . North and South Dakota and Nebras ka. t Fourteenth-Missouri, Kansas anm . Colorado. Fifteenth-Oklahoma and Texas. Sixteenth- Montana, Idaho, Wash ington, Oregon, California, Nevada . Utah, Wyoming, Arizona and Nev , Mexico. In addition, there will be two sep arate cavalry dlivisions which prob ably will be situated in the Southwest near the Mexican border. Strength of DIvIsIon. Each infantry (division will consis Sof nine full regiments of infantry -three regiments of field artillery, one Sregiment of cavalry, one regiment o Sengineers, one division hospital ani four camp infirmaries. The tota strength of the sixteen will be 15,02 officers and 439,792 men, r The two cavalry divisions combine< will have 1,214 officers andl 32,06 fighting men, including mounted or gineers ulnd horse artillery units an each will have also its divisional hon p)ital and camp infirmaries. The proportion of coast artiller Stroop~s to be providled out of the 500 000 will be 666 officers and 20,00 men, with requisite medical troops. Supplementing these tatical unit will be the sixteenth regiments c Sheavy field artillery, strength 768 o fleerr andl 21,140 men; eight aer ~fsquadirons, or one new squadron t ~*each new infantry division; eight ba tloon c-omplanies, tenl field hospitali d teln ambulance conmpanies; twenty-on .field bakeries; six telephone batta ions11, sixteen pack comlpanlies, six an muntition trainis andi six sup~ply traini In preparationl for the enormou task of training this great army, th existing regular establishments an the National Guard is being brougli .to full war str-ength. The regulari when all five additional increment p lrovidled for in the National dlefens aact have been added, will total 11,22 a fficers and 293,000 men of all arms. S Upon the President's approval< Sthe army bill, the first increment wi be added to the regulars. As soon a tpossible thereafter, the remaining il -crements will be created, existing rej iments bei-ng divided and expande to form the new units. FOUR DROWNED IN FRENCH OtROAD RIVE Ashevlle.-J. WV. Sel'ars, of Coi Spens, S. C., in charge of the boy: home and farm, connected with Do: Sland Institute, at Hot Springs, N. C (IMiss Laura Day-is, maatron, of Stu: Igis. Ky.; Miss Feren Wilcox, of L~an inig, Mich., teacher, and Edgar Nichioli of Schoolfld, Va., a student wer edrowned in the French Broad Rive twto miles west of Hot Springs abou midnight when their boat filled wit) waten and sank. UNITED STATES DESI ............ SAYS DISASTER FACES US![ U-BOATS HAVE MADE ENORMOUS IP INROADS ON ALLIED SHIPPING. Secretary Lane Tells Governors' Con ference That the Very Existence of Great Britain and France Are Threatened. Washington.-The enoromous in roads on the world's shipping made by German submarines within the last few weeks has brought to American Government officials a full realiza tion of the disaster that faces the United States and the Allies if the undersea warfare is not checked. Governor and state representatives here for a national defense conference will take home to their people a mes sage from the Government emphasiz Ing the menace to America and urg ing that there must be the fullest co ordination by the states in war perp aration if Germany is to be defeated. Secretary Lane told the conference - that the great destruction of ships was threatening the existence of Great Britain and France and menac Ing the United States. No one, he .said, knew the exact number of ships - lost recently, but estimates put last week's submarine toll at four hun dlredl thousand tons. Later, he ex plained that this estimate probably t was too high. ,Secretary Lansing, in a statement 3 (luring the (lay, dleclared the serious f ness of the submarine situation could I not be exaggerated. Reports to the I State Department give a total of 80 2 vessels lost in one week. The Br-itish mission announced that I the rate of dlestruction in recent 2 weeks had continued unchanged, and -that it showved no alarming increases. :1 All its members agree the situation is - itical. Announcing the Government's pro y gram for exercising a more dlirect -control over the country's shipping 0 and shipbuilding facilities, Chairman D~enman, of the Shipping Board, said s estiamntes had reached the board of f :100,000 tons of shipping sunk in one !- week. o A Bureau of Navigation report pre o pared recently estimated the world's I- ship construction in 1916 at slighthly m, less than 2,000,000 tons. If the Ger e mans keep up their present rate of I- dlestruction, officials admit without i- hesitation that their campaign threat i. ens to swveep clean the seas. s SMARSHAL JOFFRE IS CALLER AT WHITE HOUSE. t Washington.-On the eve of their a dleparture on a tour of Middle WVest emer and Eastern States, members of 3France's war mission held further im portant conferences with representa tives of the United States Govern Imont. Marshal Jeoitre went to the |White House anid spent an hour talk ing with President Wilson discussing, Samong other questions, the (despatcli of an exp~editionary force to France. Thho marshal was accompanied by Col. Spnecer Cosby. R GREAT BRITAIN'S NEW WAR BUDGET INTRODUCED, ~'London-Great Britain's war bud. ~. got for the fiscal year which Andrew 'Bonar Law, Chancellor of thme Ex. ~. chequer, introduced in the House of . Commons. contained no surprises andi ,fewer changes from the existing tax * ation than did the previous war bud. r get, No new forms of taxation were t proposed. The only Lhanges wear in a creases in the excess profits tax, which was raised to 80 per cent from 60 per ent 'ROYER JACOB JONES t] C P * t C MERGENCY WAR BILL PASSES IEW RECORD IS SET FOR QUICK ACTION ON THREE BILLION DOLLAR APPROPRIATION. 4o Opposition Is Voiced Throughout the Discussion.-Most of Money Is For Army.-Enlisted Men Will Re ceive $30 Per Month. Washington.-The House set a re cord for quick action on major appro priations, completing debate at a single brief session on an omnibus emergency war bill carrying nearly $3,000,000,000. It was passed with only a few votes against it. No oppo sition was voiced during the discus sion and the only important change made was in the adoption of an amend ment doubling the pay of enlisted men in the Army. Out of a total of $2,827,653,653 carried by the bill, $2.320,591,907 is for the military establishment. For the Navy $503,399,673 is provided and the remainder goes to other depart ments for miscellaneous purposes, in cluding extraordinary expenses due to the war. The military appropriation which is in addition to the regular annual Army and fortification bills and the $3,000,000,000 proposed as an initial appropriation for the new war army, includes items of $231,000,000 for clothing and camp and garrison equip page $130,000,000 for ordnance stores; $39,000,000 for automatic machine guns; $3,750,000 for civilian training camps; $609.000,000 for coast and in sular fortifications, and $4,320,000 for fortifying the Panama Canal. More than $125,000,000 was added ilby the amendment increasing the pay of enlisted men from $16 to $30 a month, a proposal already accepted by both Senate and House as part of the army draft bill1, but transferred to the appropriation measure to facil itate final enactment. In the aggregate of mere than a half billion carried for the Navy, are included items of $11,000,000 for avia tion; $7,778,000 for outfits for newly enlisted men; $200,000,000 for the ord niance bureau, including $60,000,000 for Iship ammunition; $3,000,000 for medi cal stores and supplies, and more than $25,000,000 for the marine corps, in. eluding $7,343,000 for the military stores of that branch of the service. UNITED STATES IS READY TO SEND SOLDIERS TO FRANCE, Washington.-The United States stands ready to send an army tc E~urope wvhenever the Allies deem it wise to divert the necessary shipping from transporting food to transporting men. It became known definitely that the Government has offered the Allies troops, but has suggestedl that the alarming shortage of world shipping may make it impracticable to send them at once, BERLIN CAYS PLAN FOR HOLIDAY STRIKE FAILED, Belin, via London-Efforts of the radieal Socialists to celebrate May day by a holiday in the munition factories failedl. No cessation of work is re pborted. In announcing the failure of the plans to create holiday strikes the Berlin authorities have offered a reward of 3,000 marks for the prose cution of "agitators in enemy service who are trying to start dissension, especially in the labor ranks, in Ger many," NATIONAL SERVICE RESERVE APPROVED B TO BE COMPOSED OF MEN NOT SUBJECT TO DRAFT AND OF, WO0M EN. IVAILABLE FOR ANY SERVICE Vould Perform Military or Civic Ser vice Not Performed By the Enlisted Men.-Will Maintain Headquarters at Washington. Washington.-Plans for a great Na onal service, made up of men not abject to draft into the army, and f women, already approved by the Var Department, were submitted to :e Council of National Defense at a onference of the council with State overnors and representatives of state efense councils. Members of the renervo would be vallable for any service they could erformn for the Government. The plans were presented by George Vharton Pepper, a representative of he Pennsylvania State Defense Coun il and chairnman of a National Con aittee of Patriotic and Defense So ieties. The reserve would be headed by a ioard of nine Na:ionally known men, vhich would operate through a Na io:al committee of members from all he states. Under the National com nittee there would be state and dis rict committees, and in Washington t permanent lieadqua-ters committee vould sit to carry on administrative 6vork. Membership on the board of nine las been tentatively : ccepted, it was stated, by former President Taft, Ma jor General George W. Goethals and Henry L. Stimson, former Secretary of War. The purposes of the organization as outlined to the Defense Council would ba to furnish any military or civic service which could not be perform ed by enlisted men, to aid in recruit. Ing, to work under any private em ployer engaged on Government cont tracts, or on farms, and to supply the Army and Navy. When not in ac tive service, reesrve members could aid in home defense. They would be given compensation for the time spent in Government service. ADMINISTRATION SEEKS CONTROL OF FOOD SUPPLY. Lever Introduces Sweeping Measure in House. Washington.-Absolute authority to regulate, in its discretion, the pro. duction, distribution and prices of food and other necessities during the war was asked of Congress by the Administration. In a sweeping bill Introduced with Administration approval by Chairman Lever, of the House Agriculture Com mittee, it is proposed to empower tihe President under the war clause of the Constitution, to take these meas ures wherever in his opinion the Na tional emergency shall require: The maximum and minimum prices for food, clothing, fuel and other ne cessities and the articles required for their production; To prescribe regulations to govern the production of these commodities, and, if necessary, to requisition the producing factories, mines or other establishments; To compel holders of necessities to release them in amounts insuring equitable distribution ; To regulate exchanges in such a way as to eliminate market manipu lation; To compel railroads to give prefer once to the movement of necessities; To levey such importation duties as he finds necessary to prevent exces sive "dumping" of foreign products; and To impose limitations or prohibi tion upon the use of grain in the manufacture of liquor. In addition, the Secretary of Agri culture would be empowered to es tablish standard food grades, to li cense and control the manufacture, storage and dlistribution of foods. In a statement just -issued Mr. Lever declared there was nothing in the measure to disturb legitimate busi ness activities because "it is hoped that the mere conferring of the more extreme new powers will be suf ficient without its becoming necessary to exercise them," It is known that officials of the executive branches of the Government hold the same view, believing that with such effective weapons in their possession they will encounter no difficulty in lining up on the side of the public inter-est without legal action all recalcitrant private agenciei. OVER SEVEN HUNDRED GOING TO OGLETHROPE. Fort Oglethrope, Ga.-Seven hun dred and eighty-one men had been accepted for admission to the reserve officers training camp, and will be notified next week when to repor'. The camp will open May 14 and o. trance examinations in Tennessee and the Carolinas close next Monday. More than two hundred Chattanooga men have been entrolled. Greens boro, N. C., is next' with 128 to date. HOARDING FOODS IS DISCOURAGED 4I PRACTICE 18 DEPLORED BY LEAD ERS OF THE PREPAREDNESS BOARD. MEANS FOOD STRINGENCY' No Occasion to Become Panicky. Thousands of Families Get Food From Gardens. Columbia.-David R. Coker, chair man of the state preparedness com. mision, in a statement, discourages the idea of hoarding food in South Carolina. He says that this practice should be discouraged In every way possible. He issued the following statement to the people of the state: "The attention of our commission has been called to the fact that a. few of our people are hoarding food stuffs. We know of a few instances where citizens have bought sufficient staples, such as flour, corn meal. etc., to last them for six months or more. This punrctice should be discouraged in oyery way possible. By such means the food stringency is made more acute, prices are artificially advanced, and of course. the poor are made It suffer. "The great interest and enthusias. tic co-operation manifested all over the state leads the civic preparedness commission to believe that the cam paign for increased production will result in very largely relieving the foodstuffs shortage in South Carolina by the early fall. Even now thou sands of families are getting a large part of their living from their gar dens, and waste of foodstuffs is the exception instead of the rule. "We do not think there is occasion for any one to become panicky. Each citizen should buy and use as little food as possible. Food hoarding and food speculation under present con ditions are against the public in terest." Sunday School Convention Ends. Spartanburg.-The 40th session of the South Carolina Interdenomina tional Sunday School association closed very successfully here. About 900 delegates from all parts of the state attended the convention and meetings were characterized by the hearers as great sucecsses. The following officers were elected: Ex-Gov. Martin F. Ansel, Greenville, president; J. D. Cappelmann, Char leston, first vice president; Dr. B. H. DeMent, Greenwood, second vice president; J. T. Fain, Rock Hill, re cording secretary; S. T. Reid, Spartan burg, treasurer. R. D. Webb of Spartanburg was reelected general secretary and the Re-v. W. H. K. Pendleton of Spar tan burg was again chosen as chair man of the executive committee. A resolution wvas adopted in favor of national prohibition as a war measure for the protection of the sol diers and the conservation of grain. Every county in the state with the execption of Georgetown was repre sented at the convention. Prof. E. 0. Sellers of the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, was in charge of the music. Can't Employ More Help. Columbia.-A ruling by the attor ney general may dirive many South Carolina automobiles into their gar ages for a period of rest. The attor ney general ruled that the state high way commission can not employ more clerical help than is provided under the law. The act provides for a sec retary and one clerk. Several extra men have been employed by Capt. J. Roy Pennell, State highway engineer, in an effort to have all of the 30,000 motor cars in the state registered be fore July 1. No cars will be operat ed without a license after that date and it will require the office force sever-al months to register all ma chines. Only about 2,500 cars have been registered to date. Staff Officers Get Busy. Charleston.-While Maj. Gen. Leon ard. Wood did not arrive the day ex pected to assume command in person of the new Southeastern department, its official machinery started into mo tion with a number of his staff officers on hand. It was believed here that Gen. Wood would not arrive until early next week, and local prepara tions for him are being gauged accord ingly. Fifty-I wo typewriting machines have been added to the equipment of of headquarters' offices in the People'. building. New Church at Easley, Easley.-At a congregational meet ing of the First Baptist church, held recently, it was decided that the church should be rebuilt on the same lot on east Main street. It will be remembered that this $10,000 struc ture was destroyed by fire some two months ago. Options have been secur ed on about three lots which would locate the church more centrally, but when the vote was taken at the meet ing it favored rebuilding on the same lot. Work will be begun within a week of so on Lbse new structure.