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ASSUME OFFENSIVE TROOPS OF NEW RUSSIA LAUNCH ATTACK ON EXTENSIVE SCALE. STORM GERMAN POSITIONS Berlin Admits That Attacks Were Powerful Along Whole Eighteen. Mile Front.-British Are Meeting With Successes in West. The soldiers of new Russia have assumed the aggressive. For the first time since the revolution last March Russian troops have begun an attack on an extensive scale. Along a region of eigheen and one. half miles in the region of l3rzezaniy, Galicia, Russian troops have stormed the German positions. Berlin says the Russians suffered heavy losses nIli were compelled to retire bwfore the German fire. The attack was made between the upper Stripa an1d the Narayuvha river, a trihulary or the Gilia 1I4pa, in the section southeast of Leiberg, the (Gallicialn capital, where the artillery firing has been heavy recently. The Rnssians also made night at tacks on both sides of Brzezany and near Zwyzyn, and Berlin reports that assaults between the Zlota Lipa and the Narayuvka have brought on new battles between the opposing forces,. The artillery arm of the Russian forces has again been active, and fron the Berlin report it is learned that anl intensive (11101 has been in progress in the region of Brzezany to as fir northward as the Middle Stokhod in Volhynia. distance of about 175 miles. Berlin declares that the Russian attacks, which it says were power ful, were brought about through the pressure of the leading entente pow. ers, the text of the offleial statement saying: "The Russian government having been constrained to yield to the pres sure of the leading ontente powers, )art of the army has been introduced to attack." The region of the Narayuvka and UJpper Stripa rivers has been th( scene of much bitter fighting sinec General Brussiloff ended his victorlom campaign last year, and Brzezany 1i one of the keys of L.emburg. Field Marshall laig continues t tighten his grip oA Lens. On th north bank . of the l1iver Souce1 British troops have captured Germai positions on a front of about half i mile southwest and west of Lens. Th British army during June capture( 8,686 German prisoners, including 171 officers and sixty-seven men, includin two heavy guns. as well as nuel other war material. FOOD NEUTRALS MAY BE SUPPLY GERMANY FOOD Which Is Replaced With Import Brought From America. Washington.--Evidence that Ge1 many is obtain-ing vast quantities (o food from the European neutr-al con tries has been pr-esented to the Unitel States by Great Britain for the Amer ican government's guidance in de terming an export p~olicy. Mutch (2 this, the British statistics p~urp~ort t show, is replaced by the neutrals witi imports from America. From Scandinavia and Holland, th information sets forth, enough fat I going into Germany to supp~ly 7,700 000 soldiers, virtually the entire arm: of effectives in the empire. Germau imports from these countr'ies, it I declared, ,,reduced to calories wil equal the total ration of 2,500,004 troops, the size of the German army ii the west. German puirchases of foodstuffs abroad are made through the gov ernment department of the interior which'has organized a special divi mion to buy from the neutrals. In the early days of the war, the Germar government stimulated importation oi food by excluding impor'ts from on eration of miaximum Price laws, h,. this drew such a vigorous protest fronm German Producers the practice wa~s stoppe'd. AMERICAN HELP IS REALLY . VERY GREAT. Zurich, Switzerlandi.-Referruintg to the arrival of Americant troops on French soil, the military critic of The Frankfurter Zeitung says Germany must not overlook the fact that Amor lean help is really very great, though it will come only by degrees. Uinder these conditions, Ite says, if lerance is obliged to restrict her military ac tivities, it will signiff nto strentgthen. ing of the German situation. MANY ARE KILLED WHEN CAR PLUNGES INTO RIVER, Niagara Fails, N. Y.-A belt line car on the groat Gorge route left the raIgs,, plungled down a twenty~foot emnbankment and turned over in ten Kof water on the edge of the l~' ~Moqlrapids. Nine thrsons are "a~ ob dead, two p~e'ous known Sbeen on the car hae not stdet .ee4dnt, 4 atomtwo FRANCIS S. PEABODY ~........... -1 Francis S. Peabody of Chicago, one of the country's leading coal operators, received what he termed a command from Secretary Franklin K. Lane tc take charge of the coal situation Ir America. Consequently Mr. Peabody has moved his family to Washingtor and turned over his business affairs tc others in order to act as chairman oi the committee on coal production o1 the council of national defense. AMERICAN TROOPS ' FRANCi ADVANCE GUARDS READY TC TAKE STAND ALONGSIDE ARM IES OF ALLIES. Thousands of Regulars and Marine Have Crossed the Atlantic and Tak, Places In Trenches After Short Pec lod of Training. Waahington.-The advance guard the mighty army the United States preparing to send against Germany on French soil. In dellanen of the German au marines, thousands of seasoned reg lars and marinos, trained fightil 3 men, with the tan of long service.< the Mexican border, or Haiti or San Domingo still on their faces, ha, b been hastened over seas to fight b 3 side the French, the British, the B< I gian,.the Russian, the Portuguese ar the Italian troops on the western fror News of the safe arrival of the trool a sent a new thrill through Washingto: No formal announcement came froi the war department. None vill com probably, until Major General Peral ing's official report has been receivei Then there may be a statement as -1 I the numbers andI comipositlon of ti advance guard. -Press dlispatches from France, prn f sumably sent forwardl with the a -preval of General Pershing's stal I show that Major General Sibert, ox -of the new major generals of the arm -has been given command of the firi f force sent abroad, under Generi Pershing as commander-in-chief of tU I expedlition). SENATORS WRITE DRASTIC POWERS INTO FOOD BIL. Washington.-Foeod control leginl tion assumed new and mere drant form when the Senate agriculture cox mittee virtually re-draf'ted many the principal features of the Houl measur-e and reportedl it with mat ial extensions of government pows and a new "bone dry" prohibition pr vision to stop manufacture of into: eating beverages during the war, TIl president would 1be authorIzed to pe mit wine making and to command< existing distilled spirits. The amended bill was presented1 'be Senate by Senator Chamnberlal l e moved to have it substituted fa the draft the Senate has been deba ing and proceed wi-h all expedition t ward final action, The now prohibition plan, all lea era admitbted, greatly complicates ti situation and precludes enactment< the legislation by July 1. In extending -the scope of the legi lation, and thes President's powers, ti committea aaoptod amendments whi< would provide for government contr< in addition to food, feeds and fuel, iron, steel, copper, lead and their pr ducts, lumber and timber, potroleu and its products, farm imliements ar machinery, fertilizers and bindir twine materials. Other important amendxments a proved would authorize the gover :ment to take over and opergte tact rien, packing houses, oil l1e at mines, regulating wages of t ir er plcos and to commandeer fvplit of any and every kind when ede for the aruny and navy "or an xh4 public'use connected ,with thae dentenas, Another would em govertntent to buy and sell,,.tor goe DENY ANY INCREASE IN. FREIGHT RATES APPLICATION OF RAILROADS FOR FREIGHT RATE INCREASE DEN IED. SUSPENDED UNTIL OCT. 28 Order Says No Conditions of Emer. gency Exist as to Western and Southern Roads to Justify Upward Revision of Rates. Wash ington.--The Interstate Com. nerce Commission suspended until October 28, ,1917, the proposed fifteen per cent increase in freight rates. The commission, in announcing the decision said: "We are led to the conclusion that no condition of emergency exists as to the western and southern carriers, which would justify permitting a gen oral increase in their rates to become effective. "in the eastern districts, increased rates have recently been permitted to become effective, generally on bitu minous coal, coke and iron ore. We think that similar increases may be permitted In the southern district on coal, coke and iron ore. "In the southern district, the pro posed increased rates on coal are on the basis of fifteen per cent, with a maximum of fifteen cents a ton. These tariffs we shall permit to be come effective. "In the western district, the in creases are based upon fifteen per cent with a minimum of fifteen cents per ton. These tariffs will be sus pended, but the western carriers may, if they so elect, file new tariffs carry ing increases in rates on coal and coke not exceeding in any case fifteen cents per ton. "All of the tariffs included in this percentage of the western lines will B be suspended. All of the tariffs in e cluded in this percentage of the south I- ern carriers will be suspended except ing those applying on coal, coke and iron ore." it The commission, in its decision, de ts clared its willingness to meet any sit is uation which may arise in case the fear of the railroads of heavily do h. creased incomes are realized. u ig GREECE BREAKS OFF m RELATIONS WITH GERMANY to re State of War I, Considered t< e- Exist. !I- Athens.-The Greek government ha: d broken diplomatic relations with Ger t. many, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria anm )s Turkey. 1. Though war has not yet been do u clared, the Greek government con D, siders that a state of war exists since u- its advent to power. The recall of 1. the Greek diplomatic representatives .0 accredited to the central powers and te their allies is imminent. Greece's new course with regard te e- the war began to be shaped on June p- 12 wIth the abdication of King Con. Y, stantine and the accession of Alexan te der, his second eon, as king. The y, abdication was in effect a dethrone. ut mont of Constantine, whose pro-Ger. il man attitude had giveni the entente te endless tr-ouble and threatened not only the success of the Saloniki ex. pedlition, but its safety through danger of backfire from a hostile Greek mili L. tary for-ce. Eliptherios Venizelos, Greece's lead. aing statesman and fast fiIend of the Ic entente, soon appeared as the man to jtak the- leadership in guidling Greece thetradlitional place by the side of England, France and Serbia, the last her close ally whom she had aban. (rlonedi under Constantine's coerion in -SerbIa's hour of greatest need. 1Summoned back to the premiershill by King Alexander, Venizeles quickly r- formed a cabinet. The reactionary r elemonts have been ousted or quieted, and the re-establishment of Greek constituolnal government, virtually abolIshed by Constantine, began, *That the --"iiaent of May, 1915, which thad bet dissolved by Constantine, would again be0 sumoned to meet was later indicated, giving a legislative . acking to the newv executive power. 'e FOUR BRITISH VESSELS fSUNK BY SUBMARINES s- lHoston.-The torpedoing and sink ing of four large British cargo-carrying 3te'amers was announced in advices tc hl insur-ance offices. The steamers were the Uitonia, of the Cunard line, 6,592 af l om; llaver-fordl, of the American line o- 7.403 tons; Buffalo, Wilson liner, 2,582 in tons. andh the Manistee, another Cun d ard vessel. No details of the lossee ig were given and no mention was made of the fate of the crews. p. a. MONEY NEEDED FOR -EMERGENCY HOSPITALI a- Washington.-President Wilson has a~ sent to Congress a recommendation by d Secretary Daniels for appropriation of r $2,200,000 for ,additonal emergency c hospitals, Temporary hospitals are r nearnig completion at Portsmoutb, N. i H.; Philadelphia, Newport, Norfolk, j, Charleston, S.. C., Pensacola and Newr Orleans, and plans are neat'Iy ready for similar establieliment.sat New Yor Ansiapolis, auetown, aticoo, LORD NORTHCLIFFE /E Lord Northcliffe, ownbr of the Lon don Times and Daily Mail and many other publications, Is now head of the British war commission In the United States. RUSSIA WI.L STICK TO END M. BAHKMETIEFF SPECIAL EN VOY GIVES THIS SOLEMN PLEDGE. Enthusiastic Reception Is Given New Democracy's . Representative When He Makes His Appearance In Sen ate Hall. Washington.-In another stirring address at the capitol, Boris A. Bakh metieff head of Russia's diplomatic mission, gave a solemn pledge that the Russian people and army, convine ed that a separate peace would mean the triumph of German autocracy, are prepared to fight on beside America until the world has been made safe for democracy. The ambassador spoke before the Senate and was given a reception al most as enthusiastic as that accorded him Saturday in the House. On no previous occasion since the war began has senatorial reserve been cast so compietely aside. At the conclusion of the address, a resolution was adopt ed by unanimous consent expressing the Senate's gratification over the stand of the newest democracy. "Russia rejects with indignation any idea of a separate peace," said the en voy. "Striving for a lasting peace, based on democratic principles, estab lished by democratic will, the Russian people and army are rallying their forces around the banners of freedom. Russia wants the world to be safe for democracy. To make it safe means to have democracy rule the world." Many of the rumors of internal dis sension in Russia, M. Bakhmetierf said, grew out of misunderstanding of the great changes taking place in the whole fabric of the government to transform it to democratic standards. He pleaded for patience and confi dence that these changes, although they might take time, would be work ed out successfuly in the end. The ambasador and other members of the Russian mission were given a reception by Secretary Lansing, with President Wilson among the guests. BRITISH TROOPS SLOWLY ENCIRCLiNG LENS. Germans .Realize Their Tenure is Short Lived. The slow but sure encirclement of! Lens, the important coal center held by the Glernmans in the department of Pas do Calais, is in process of con summation by the Canadians. Having already during the present week cap tured important vantage point, west and southwest of the town, a fresh smash at the German lines has been rewardled by the occupation of the village of La Coulotte, situated a mile to the south. Although the British war office, aside from the operations around' Lens, reports no activity by Field Marshal Haig's men rising in import ance above minor patrol sorties, the Berlin war office asserts that heavy artillery duels are in progress at va rious points, in which enormous quan titles of ammunition are being used. Reading betwee~n the lines of the German report, it is apparent that the Briitish are the aggressors and it! is possible, that General Hig is pay-' ing the way for a seies of new thrusts against the German lines, The infantry activity in the region between Soissons and Rheims has I given way entirely to artillery duels CONTRACT AWARDED FOR JAMESTOWN CANTONMENT Richmond, Va.--John T. Wilson & Co., of this city, were notified by Ad miral barrington, of the navy depart ment, that they had been awarded the contract for the construction of the cantonment on the old Jamestown exposition site, The contraot, on a cost plus ten per cent. basis, iticludes the building of bulkeheads, Wharves and permanent 'fram, barracks, alid will, It Is estimated, amount to .aot 11G REDUCTIONS IN COAL PRICES: ITUMINOUS PRODUCT MINED EAST OF MISSISSIPPI EFFECT. ED BY AGREEMENT. 'OES INTO EFFECTAT ONCE )ecreases Ranging From One to Five Dollars Per Ton to the Publio. Question of Prices on Anthrac'te Comes Up Later. Washington.-Sweeping reductions n the price of bituminous coal at all nines east of Mississippi river, rang ing from one to five dollars a ton to the public, with an additional cut of fifty cents for the government, were agreed upon at conferences between the operators and government ofti Hials. The new prices become etec tive July 1. Four hundred operators who gather ed here at a call from Secretary Lane. pledged themselves to furnish their product by committees from each fleld. Earlier in the day, they had agreed to place the price-ilxing in the hands of the government, through the defense council's coal production committee, Secretary Lane and Commissioner Fort, of the federal trade commission, thus avoiding the possibility of violat ing the anti-trust laws. Director Smith of the geologica: survey, estimated that the reduce prices would mean that the operator: would get $180,000,000 less annuall, for their output. In addition to placing prices upoi coal at the mines it was announceq that jobbers, brokers, retailers an commission men would be permittei to charge commissions of not mor than twenty-five cents a ton and thi no more than one commission shoul be charged. In other words, the cot sumer will get his coal at the min plus transportation charges an twenty-five cents per ton. The agreement does not affect at thracite, and the coal production con mittee announced that action on the problem had been postponed unt after July 1 by agreement with th operators. The anthracite producer have indicated willingness to meet th government in the same spirit man fested by the bituminous men. CANADIANS CONTINUE DRIVE AGAINST LINE AT LEN Brazil is no longer a neutral in tt world-war and the German empire hi another enemy arrayed against it. Having previously revoked its pol cy of aloofness so far as it affecte the hostilities between the Unit( States and Germany, Brazil now hE come definitely into the open and ai nounced 'that it can no longer be co sidered neutral In the war between ti: entente and Germany. Although no announcement he been made as to whether the Sout American republic will actualy ente into hositilities by its revocation< neutrality, it definitely aligns itse morally on the side of the Unite States and the entente. The Canadians, men from all part of the dominion, have taken anot-he hack at tbhe German lines protectin Lens, the coal center in the Depar rnint of Pas de Calais and have bee rewarded with another encroachmer upon their objective. Striking on a two-mile front sout of Lens, the Canadians, protected b effective curtain fires, stormed an captured German first line position before Avion and also the village c Leauvet-te. They defeated In their or slaughts men of the crack Prussia guard and the fifth grenadier guardi whose machine gun and rifle fire an the fact that the attacking force ha to cut through wire en'tanglemnent could not stay them, When the battle ended and the Cu nadians began their work of consol dating newly-won positions their lin hiad been ex'tended to within one mil of the center of Lens, the fall of whic1 under much tenacious assaults as hay been made recently seemingly canne be long delayed, REGIMENTS WILL BE GIVEN NUMBERS, ONLYV Washington, - Designation of al armny regiments hereafter by numbe: Ind service branch only, without dis tinction between units of the regulars national guard and national army, has been decided on by the war depart mont to simplify official records of th4 great war forces now being developed Under the system, the regular regi mnents will retain their present namei from the "'first infantry," "first cay stry," etc., upward, AUTHORIZATION OF MORE BONDI UNDER CONSIDERATION Washington-With revision of thu war tax virtually completed and now otalling $1,449,000,000, against the $1,800,000,000 levy of increased taxos idopted by the House, the Senate Inance committee considered authori iation of additional bonds, Senator tone formally proposed a bond issue at 600,000,000. The committee plan. o reagh a decisiona soon, and to 'ix he rate to be imposed on war exeess refit. probably slatee= =m, c.L BEAUFORT MEETING DELIGHTS EDITORS SOUTH CAROLINA PRESS ASSOCI. ATION HOLDS ANNUAL CON. VENTION. CONSIDER IMPORTANT WORK Speakers Touch Upon Important Work Facing Newspapers.-Large Attendance. Beaufort.-Quaint and hospitable Beaufort, the metropolis of the new trucking section unfolded its arms and received wholeheartedly more than 100 members of the South Carolnia Press Association. The hospitality began when a committee from the city met the editors at Allendale and provided an excellent and delightful luncheon on the special train. The (lay for the editors' convention was begun with a business session when many matters were discussed. A pa. triotic note run through all of the dis cussions and practically all of the speakers touched on the important wrok that lies before the editors in cvolnection with the war plans of the nation. Gov. Manning could not be present but sent an encouraging message in which he thanked the editors for their magnificent support of the civic preparedness campaign, the Liberty bonds sale, the recruiting campaign, and the other efforts of the governor. David R. Coker, chairman of the state defense council, was prevented from attending and seta message in which he heartily thanked the news papers for their support of the food campaign recently conducted in the state. . He pointed out that the real t work lies ahead and that the succesE I of many movements will depend on * the co-operation of the newspapers of 1 the state. The association heard an interesting and instructive address on the con servation of man power by Mrs. Annie I. Rembert, field agent for the state ,t board of health. She stressed the nec. I essity for a camprign of education tc e jrevent tuberculosis and thanked the S editors for their assitsance in securing e the establishment of the sitte tuber I' culosis sanitarium. The association pased a resolution unanimously pledg. Ing support to the work of Mrs. Rem. bert. William Banks. of the Columbia Record, president of the association, read his annual report. The Invocation was offered at the opening of the convention by the Rev. d W. P. Jacobs of Clinton, the venerable d chaplain of the association. The re. 'sponse was by 11. L. Watson of the Greenwood Index. S. H. Rogers of Beaufort gave a talk on .the newspa per days of old. The subjects and purposes of the sSouth Carolina Press Association were h presented by W. W. Smoak of Walter. bore. The editors were greatly disappoint Ifed because Gen. Leonardl Wood was .prevented from attending the conven tion. Major C. E. Kilbourne, General .Wood's chief of staff, was present and Sdelivered an adldress. The editors wvere carried for a -long automobile ride through Beaufort's rich 'trucking district and heard from the -truckers the story of great wealth in one year. S The editors visited the naval train ing station at Port Royal, where 10.000 men are in training for the fighting line of the navy. sMrs. Walter E. Duncan of Aiken fspoke on the illiteracy problem in the .state. The editors were entertained in the homes of the Beaufort people I)and all declare the convention to be one of the most successful ever held,. Chester Gets New Station. 5Chester.-The fight made by the .Chester Chamber of Commerce for . the erection of a modern Seaboard passenger station hero was won when the railroad commission decided that . an adequate station must be con atructed at an early date. It is thought Sth0e sation will cost a"Pproximately 'Insurance for Employees. .Fort Mill.--Col. Leroy Springs has insured- the lives of all the employees In his two cotton mills here under the group plan offered by some of the - great life insurance companies. About four hundred people here are benefit. ed under this provision ,to the extent .of $200 each, the premiums being paid hy the employer. The certificates con .tain a handsome photograph of Col. Springs nod provide for increased benefits from year to year of con tinuous service until the amount reaches $500 after six years. Troops Encamp at Greenville. Columbia.-The two infantry regi ments of the South Carolina national guard will be stationel at -the proposed divisional camp at. Greenville, S. C. it was announced by Maj. C. ED. Ri. bourne, chief of staff to Maj. Gen. Wood, command~er of the southeaetern department of the army. The First reg iment now stationed at Columbia will proceed to Greenville as soon as the camp site there is ready, and the Sec 01nd regiment when it is called into service next month.