Newspaper Page Text
THE WORLD OVER Happenings of This and Other Nations For Seven Days Are Given. THE NEW OF THE SOUTH What Is Taking Place in the South. land Will Be Found in Brief Paragraphs. Domestic. After a quarrel over the custody of it four-yea-old child, John L. De Saulles, forie I nit ed Slates minis ter to Uruguay was shot and killed at his homne at Rloslyn, L. I., by his divorcedi Wi'e, w ho Was Miss lilanquit ta IErrazuriz of Santiago, Chile. Chairinan Kitcin, congressman fromt Norti ('arolina, told the ways and mneins committee that "intolerable inequalities" in favor of the more pros perous have been written into the war tax bill by the senite Ii nance coni mnittee. )lie declared tei poor are al ready taxed to the liiit, and that the rich must be forced to pay the fur ther burdens of the war. FighIing bet ween( diaft rioters and ofilcers is reportel to be going on twenty-five miles north of Ada, Okla homn. Governor Williams of Oklahoma has received information at the Okla hioia City, the capital city hlit hands of negroes, tenant farmers at Indians have banded themselves togeteier to defeat the selective service law in Ok lahoma, and have spread a reign of terror in the cent ral counties of the state. The government is undecided wh it course to pursue in the Oh Ihoma re sistance to t he operat ion of t he con scription law, but it seeins possible that civilian companies, fmt 1i liar with the country, wlhicli is rugged and chok ed with underbrush, will lie organized and sent to settle the (listurbalce. A lBitte, Mont., telegram says that Frank Little, a member of the exec uiIe board of the 1. W. W., who refer red to United States troops as ''Un cte Sam's scabs in uniform,'' was hang ed to a trestle in the outskirts of that city, aid so far it is not known who the niurderers a re. Little was an out 51)0ken In lio- leader. Americn, great reservoir of fresh st rengthi---ii eI, Iuoney andi materials --will turn the war tide, is the griatti tying news flashed from the allied capitals to the big centers in the Unit ed States. Federal Judge F. A. Youians, in a decision at Fort Smith, Ark., held that the present standa rd form of contract used on the New York and New Orleans cotton exc(hanges doe: not comply with the provisions of the United States cotton futures act and, therefor, is illegal. An ingenious American nmst again be given credit for another revolu tionary invention, this time one which is calculated to upset the whole the ory of artillery battles. The invention must be kept secret for obvious mili tary reasons. R. R. Moton, principal of Tuskegee institute, told two thousand negro em ployees of the Newport News (Va.) Shipbuilding and Dry Docks company that they have the opportunity which will make them soldiers as wvell as those on ships at sea or thoae in the trenches in Europe. lHe said that the negro is loyal; in fact, that's his his toric nature, wvell proven b~y his loyal ty to the southern people in the Civil war. The seventeen thousand men at the officers' training camps who will not receive commissions or be selected for fu'ther training at the secondl se ries of camps are to be offered ap pointments as non-commissioned offl cers in the national army, with the chance of promotion later' to commnis sioned officers. European. A majority of the positions, to a depth at some points of two miles, taken by the allies In tile advance in Flanders have been held by the Teu tons since they first invaded Belgium, John Annan Bryce, referring, in tihe British house of commons to the re cent statement of Lord Robert Cecil, sninister of blockade, that the die Inemberment of Austria was not one of Great Britain's war aims, said that the-statemen~ would create difficultien because Grekt Britain's engagements with her allies could not be continued If the Austrian empire was to be main tai~ned. Indeed, said he, Italy, on the strength of those entanglements, would not be content merely with a rear rangement' of the Trentino regiorn.: The .Aerman emperor says that se vere trials may awaIt the Ger'man peo ple, but they will pe-hiet with grave mien and an amplittude of faith. The allied losses in the advance in Flanders from Dixnmudo to south of Ypres around Warneton has been very small. . F"oreign Secretary A. J. hialfour of Great Britain says this is no time for definite announcements as to what will happen in Europe regarding cap tured territory by the allied powers. Because ever-y ministerial statement in the past has been treated as a pledge, it is dangerous to accede to requests for definite announcements. French troops operating along the Aisne front, have put down strong attacks .by the German crowi prince at Hiurtebise and Cerny. In tact, the French have assumed the offensive, and have advanced at some points. baa been notieably retarded. Germany had possession of Austria'i ultimatum to Serbia fourteen hours be fore it was delivered to Belgrade, it the positive information which hat reached Washington officials, and it bow made public for the first time. Representative Thomas J. Heflin o1 Alabama fairly blistered obstruction ists to war measures in the senate in a speech in the house of represen tatives. Ills speech was so bitter that the speaker held he had transgressed the rules of parliamentary law forbid ling a member to impugn unworthy motives to another and criticize a member of another house. He called no names, but it was generally under stood he referred to Tom Hardwick and Hoke Smith of Georgia. 'e German emperor, issuing a proc lamation to the German people, begs the people to stand by him, and de cares lie is not fighting for conquest. "The enemy is stretching out his hands towards German territory, but he shall never have it. New nations continue to enter into the war against us, but (tit does not frighten us. We know our strength and we are deter mined to make use of it.'' Thete sen tences are excerpts from the German emiiperor's recent proclamation. 'The great assault of the entente al lies, for which the big guns had been preparing for three weeks In bom ha rdineits of unprecedented violence, hats begun in Flanlers along a front of about I(wenty miles, from the re gion of l)ixniude to south of Ypres around Warneton. Ilecause the Iltusso-ltoumanian forces in the l'utna sector hay' struck the Germans with such violence, the ad vaice of the (eranus on the retreat ing flussian in the Tarnopol region Wash inton. With apparently no let-up in the Rus sian retreat along the line from Tar'no, poi to the Roumanian border, there coei ad vices of a new political crisis in l'etrograd -- i'remier and War Min ister Kerensky and his fellow cabinet inembers, except one, resigned, but later, with the exception of M. Terest chenko, the foreign minister, with drew their resignations. General Er'delli, recently appointed military governor of Petrograd, Is re ported to have been assassinated. The line of the river Zbrocz at its confluence with the Dniester, has been given up at several places by the Rus sians, but. the Russians fought stub bornly to hold back the Austro-Ger maans. Between the Dniester and the Pruth the (ermans have not halted in their retreat toward the border. Ilukowina is almost entirely recap tured by the Teutonic forces. The Russian seems about to lose an open sesame to the Black sea, and it they don't turn and hold the Teutons in check, the great port, Odessa, may fall into the hands of the central ar h ues. German officers captured in the bat tle of Flanders discuss quite freely hoth the military and political situa tion in Germany, and admit that Ger many's man-power loss Is a serious factor in the war. A resolution for submission to the states of a prohibition amendment to the Federal Constitution was adopted by the senate. It now goes to the house, and there is little doubt of its early passage. Senator Smith of Georgia voted for the prohibition amendment; Senator Hiardwick voted against it. The prohibition amendment propos to the Federal Constitution recites: 'The manufacture, sale or transporta tion of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thei-eof into, or the ex portation ther-eof from the Unitec States and all ter-ritory subject to thi jur-isdlction thiereof for beverage p~ur poses is herieby pr-ohibited." Both steel and wooden ships mus be built very quickly. "We are in this war far more seriously than a vas majority of people realize," is the flrs public utterance of Admiral Cappi since taking charge of the shipbuild ing wvork for- the government. The United States asks I~nglandl te be morec strict with heri censorship ii so far at least as it concerns Amer-ica, military movements. - The great heat wave that holds the country In Its grip has claimed nearl: three hundred victims, and caused hun dreds of prostrations. This is the in formation compiled in Washington ant telegraphed to the health boards. E~xemptions have been further re stricted. Medical students will not be exempted on the groundl that they art medical students. Men serving in th< Red Cross will not be exempted. Agri cultural workers will have to provt themselves indispensabte to the farm No "city farmers" will be exempt It is also prohable that young mer 'studying in theological semiariles wvill have to take their chances along witI: other men. The fellows who escapt via the exemption route- will be fey and far between. It is rumored in diplomatic circlet that trouble is brewing In the British cabinet, induced by Arthur Henderson wvho is a member of the war council having made a trip to Paris with a paclflat mission. Needles, Cal., with the thermometem at 104 in the shade, is the hottesi place so far reported by the weathei bureau. The second class of 755,700 men reg. interedl under the selective service law will be called up for examination ear' The peace Interview of German Chancellor Michaelis is regarded at the state department as another at tempt to holster up public Opinion at home, appeal to the peace sentiment in enemy and neutral countries and to create dissension between the ala lies. Aeenprt beas"fth odeb Mass. " r'' " fV~e.* ry .. . Haigend topetIn tartAtiotherMn trnling ig conains. ro 0,0 Goodicn W or bteuso-Rhefou ma N iEd-Aremn REV Eace On in Boadn art usy. e Anl-rienhae in Flanders bn ae arousdWokb the hetuopsfoRodefanite rels.Agreatment ofahe roop nase forwad lont ront of-twenmiles over theeney'as fs thre mons ofe defnsebeten Wareon Fandr Dbx mude and cTuredelevenaton dietad arossed the Yiereat manys pladesnithe renutGineerin corps ofrforms rdshted fornr then wafn of we-bdngy uner, ov:e.rante ndm' airlaneseeplyed om dortnte pateen thre trrl cnlict. Thde Germansturesstedenstotny and o Woednesday,00 hnthrisoers' adane waossced by toerrntalracns, the eutoeeng byrp ferconrtrt et so bac ah littl of th:.!e-bustgroundext porat Baritsh gin derovc theflGer Th emans akradete arotlry re-o Wuedsae the taklflig' Prince warech'sken buyo theportealring, dhe Teutns to whiec thne-adk tred Geneatle Haf and Pestairond xhNedt dtheramsh aaiongrattono ther succes inalaer, and e the iser, e note the otdkone lowngrulae Ru mrendos aend oths of the alloriesgcom 02ies.i At Tei~t epac tbjecauve of thie fodv was Haigmand Passne tat teAnoe rienham in tndr and Muhakoge g Woast anbfrc the erRomans torcaband..eonotheirsbaceinoe Dae. Suchd Amovement Reacd lotunth frigtentydy of the most tine-an menouoarte Rire. f the alltes cngoldreach ares utc border i s be gneved Tuollayd mgrt dpruae t hrousednther hihot wihtem, fo deiie results Greatmayeo edntryohs fased forr so atrime. twnyils ontnued theem'firsrttree liesof throughetee Galicta, and mepint thde andcrured Tetonons anduk morosed thn Russ00 broer. Hever troewastha perceptbley stlfen tof e insthne wy ofth:e-lasnd furter nort they~ held ahirlnes plairy im-l pOrnt part R min he n terfi cousso-t Theoman aresite toutbrly and Wednessfuay, whakthe conierab adc Teutcns. Ity gdc cour- att a tvo wak aitlgo the loch ground feto sou theritishsi oe ee, Manwhuck Kertenkye art isr oe seue the taskin ofastwin Prine dRu prethr' Thenr pogram ofthcsporing dte fensesl toewhichape, hadt retreh Gnrm's Hawrg a clean decngendo telgrmts of congatulationen thbery suces taing oflandersvr and kasr mricitr ondisipgeatsce, and soat oncte ae athonfreneity 'BfRuss'so hist comainese ondicesacrfhecwng frvnt, dher oficias. hded Gefa Gosesan epres to husave benfore foundou mndn thef the lies coave surica exctend wommrey, on the mu-tin tineusi byoosiare wibei puntish al lrits. ItsnoreotdhaL ie ohe escaped natonsoe Rusand prob b toran asumany thatghnln anlo Relgian cecrt anefrvce tent Gertn I:4,00!mn: ech 4-A fleeii" tr:?'t }. of utc ro 4-raning mxenn for oieverso ll that llindenburg, having prepared for the G~alician affair with the aid of his spues, promised the kaiser he would put 1(05s11a out of action within two months. But Kerensky, though he Is terribly hatndicapped and 1s not a soi dier, 1s proving himself to be a much greater man than the German chieftain and civilization still looks to him with conf0dence In his ultimate success, It was announced on Thursday that General Brussiloff had resigned as commander in chief of the Russian armies and tit General Kornloff had been made generalissimo, being suc ceeded on the southwestern front by General Tcheremissoff. The heroic conduct of Vera Butch marelT's feminine battalion at the front has resulted in a popular move ment for the formation of a great army of Russian women. Teutonic Peace Bunk. The begnniing of the week was marked by the ascension of throe large peace balloons sent up by the central powers. One was piloted by Chancel lor Michaelis, one by Count Czernn, Austrian foreign minister, and one by The un-American correspondent, Ben nett, acting for Michaelis and Luden dorff. The balloons went up swiftly for a time, but, being filled only with hot air, they soon came to earth again, the descent accompaned by the irnni laughter and cheers of - ced na tions. The we rpil chancellor, to a: don the metaphor, told a vivid tale of secret treaties between France and Russia looking to conquest, and nre thier Ribot promptly branded him as a liar. Michaelis uttered a lot more claptrap about the wicked aims of the entente allies and "the justice of our defensive war," and, through the un American correspondent, gave out a mess of high-sounding phrases and foolish accusations, andudeand rthe submarine warfare would continue un til the British raise their blockade. Czernin warv an d int rouh th e un Aemra cresone, ndva cout of mess oate hisonng prae annucd submarinaiey tharatern would niun gladly act upon peace overtures com ing by way of Vienna. The entire peace move of the week, however, was declared by Washington, London and Paris to be insincere and evidlently madle in the hope of slowing up the war pireparlations in gnerica and the restoration of authority and discipline in Itussia. On W~ednesday the kaiser issued two proclamations, to the German people and to the German army and navy and colonial forces, in which he (dellantly set forth his determination to prosecute to a successful termination "this right eous war of defense," Theo German attempt to bunko the Poles with vague promises of a re storedl kingdom has fallen through. Dispatches from Berlin say the Polish lexio~ns have been disarmed and in ternied, because the Germans found themselves confronted by a mutinous Polish army, while Austrian subjectn enrolled in the original legion insisted on taking the oath to the new Polish kingdom as if Galicia were a part of it. America's Submarine Detector, The problem of the submarine is still holding first place in the consider ations of the allied nations, for while the Germans admit the U-boat cam paign is not reducing England to star vation, Admiral Jellico admits the submarine has not yet been mastered, and says until the effective antidote is discovered the allies must concentrate on the building of patrol boats and merchanit vessels. Secretary Daniels believes~ the American navy depart ment has foundl a plan for protecting Americaun shiipping and it will be put in operatin very soon. The department is working on ai giant dletector which Rear Admiiral Grant thinks will bring immediate resutlts. The details of this detector, of course, are not revealed, but it is expected to be effective over n distance of five miles, and if these expectations are justified the depart meat will stretch the device across the wvaters in the vicinity of the German bates and thereby locate submarines as they start out. Meanwhile the trained gun crews placed on American merchantmen are giving a good ac count of themselves, generally getting the better of any submarines that ven ture to attack the vessels they are guarding, The British adrniralty's weekly re port showed a decrease in the number of British merchanten .estroye by es and masking the movements of the estern division, which will have four and Norwegian ships held up lin an ie merchant marine at New Bedford, U-boats. One British warship, the old1 cruiser Ariadne, was sunk by a torpe do and 88 of its crew killed. What Congress Is Doing. One month behind time, the adminis tration food control bill was reported out of conference without the features that were objectionable to the presi dent. Its enactment within a week was confidently predicted. The chief features that were el milnated were thme congressional war expenditure com mittee and the three-member food con trol board. The price-fixing and con trol provisions were greatly restricted and the prohibition section is less dras tic. Partly as a result of the comipromnise on the food control bill, the senate adopted the Sheppard resolution for a national prohibition amendment to the constitution. The vote-05 to 20 would have been much closer had the dry forces not consented to a provision that the amendment shall not be opera tive unless it is ratified by the states within six years. The constitutionality of that limitation is doubtful. The dry leaders decided to await the December session of congress before trying to get the resolution through the lower house. Another commendable action .,f the senate we.. the a~doption of McCum "".'s resolution calling upon the presi dent to undertake to obtain the consent of the European nations allied against the central powers to the draft of their subjects in the United States for the war. It is believed the allies will quickly agree to this and that the plan will be in operation before long. The new war industries board, with Frank A. Scott instead of Bernard Ba ruch as its chairman, has taken up with vigor its work of government buying and supervision over the gen eral industrial activity. Mr. Scott an nounced that profit-making must now yield to patriotism, extravagance to ecnmyad efihes\ o evie Th eognze hppn badaloi speedin man tast moeet ofd the eSotern iiinehc prodcer peris anid Norwegawdn ships sI pos-11 Th meamarin tat ewgnedforshu (10 Germany' is supp'ledf.odn warmuntones is oiv ng. f out onfereuppo wtot heig feotr that wred objsctiopoed to tplace ai dent Its entemernt leet at te waspoa cofdethlisn prmedheiseft features nthing wu it ere lmnttmany tie asuead the ree-mngmAerca food n trP)rctsiandoltos wer raletilctng antoxhae hiitio setood is te dras Pcearl not to reslt ft the dangier zatonal prohbiin andenmrk, to the coitut, ilo lsi. The effec5toiv weo he bemuchg osery hw er dryeoens t consete toxtentison wthernt the amendment of foera teunesrom Rissratifieto hen stae The shrpyn leadrdcd ato wait tre ecedrt ceomndeecores Amefre tryping, and gePteresoidnthrloug thse An oter commenhablte effcto of ctin ofenatee exrt tho Jadpan ofes Japr dntso uertlsae toiverted the con sent ofteEuroeain natirds alledy. ns The etalminaston tof draftdf heirb sueeemtsin board Uite States for rap qikly agreesmoothi, and under tnstrue inl beinoPeaibfrevsMrhlonera Thower te baridstave boarend with ornkhe exemtinstedo Theyrard ben inch as aris cadihrmainstakni up withl authorites work of goernmnt buyin aondn superiioe the geacers eral withteGras hndustrialaciiyM.Sotan nu ouedsha rfi-makiongerst numbe economyr and tmselhes to serice seedingun loclst woe ton oi-h oedthe eapine poducrse prom is popterh divrerad n of there heavers pledged fortthe board tend o bud hags may wookdenshp as pos muThbe ebaroe-thtieeigneltoy.u toflereatryks thatpties of fodstrne whtare muitiosason to theaucesfu conuef ofet the r.lyhof wshipintrt. Nor mth qits entire mercan streke at the adsoa of thaia an pwrtcme to exprt ntChicgo.u fihe th Gerai prutoriaies tol and, to iswillin foupnds toea coniderale extnt, n red to cotmmaneralAeia KERENSKY IS AGAIN REIGNING IN RUSSIA TAKES UP HEAVY TASK IN THIs CRISIS AT REQUEST OF THE PEOPLE. WAS IMPOSSIBLE TO REFUSE Many Changes Are Forecast as Pre mier intends to Conduct a Strong Government to Catry Out Old Prin. ciples Thought Best. Petrograd.-Premier Kerensky hag \ returned to Petrograd and withdrawn his resignation. le attended a min isterial meeting and afterwards con ferred with various political leadrs M. Kerensey has issued a'manifesto in which he declares that he con siders it impossible whet the country is threatened with defeat without and disintegration within to refuse the heavy task again entrusted to him, which he regards as an express order from the country to construct a strong revolutionary government to carry out the prin iy'es qlready laid d "At the same time," says the man ifesto, "I consider it inevitable to introduce changes in the order and distribution of government work with out allowing myself to be influenced by the throught that these changes will increase my responsibility in the supreme dlircction of the affairs of state." SLIGHT GAIN IN FLANDERS IS MADE BY ANGLO-FRENCH. Canadians Slowly Tighten-Pinchers Forcing Germans From Lens. Infantry fighting although not on an extremely heavy scale, began in Flanders on Sunday and in two en gagements the Anglo-French troops were victorious. The weather moderating, Crown Prince Rupprecht, after an all-night bombardment sent his troops aaginst the British positions at Hollebeke, on the Ypres-Comines Canal, between Yures and Warnton and, charging forward on both sides of the canal the Germans gained a footing in the village of Hiollebeke. The success was only momentary as the British drove them out by an immediate counter-attack and took some prison ers. Other German attacks in this area also were checked. Northwest of Bixschoote, which lies to the north of Ypres, the French are following up their successes of last week. In an attack against the Ger man lines Sunday they made further progress. The pinchers with which the Ca nadians are slowly forcing the Ger mans out of Lens, again has been tightened slightly. In an advance in the Oite du Moulin the Canadians have pushed forward their line on a front of one thousand yards to a depth of two hundred yards. The Canadians consolidated the position which is within a thousand yar-ds of the cen ter of Lens on the western front of the town. Southeast of Arras Ger man raids against the British lines on - Sunday met with failure. German attacks on the Aisne front have been withstood successfully by the French. Against the Casemates plateau the Germans made two at tacks which were repulsed. South of Juvincourt the German ~crown prince threw strong forces against the French lines early Sunday. The French were driven from a small ele ment, but Iter ejected the Germans and held their line intact. HOLLAND-AMERICAN STEAMER HITS MINE A'msterdam.--The Holland-American line steamship Noordam, homeward bound ran upon a mine the westward of the island of Texel. There were no casualties. The ship is still affoat. GERMAN PLANE LANDS IN NETHERLANDS LIMITS Amdterdam.-A German airplane landed -on the- island of Ameland on account of motor trouble. The occu pants of the machine were interned. CABLE FAR EAST.IS .BRO((EN :IN MID-PACIFIC New York.-Commuinication with the Phillippines and China including Hong Kong- by way of San Francisco over the commercial Pacific cable has been interrupted, the Commercial Ca ble Company announced here anid cablegrams "can be forwarded only via Europe." It was explained that the cable broke somewheres between Guam and the Philippines and that a ship would have to be sent out to pick up the line dnd repair it. RUSSIAN LEADERS VOTE C.ONPIDENCE IN KliRENSKY Petrograd.--By a vote of 147 to 46 a joint meeting of the executives of the workmen's aid soldiers and peasants' oouncils confirmed the decision of the all-night political conference of con tinued confidence in Premier Keren inky. The Maximilists strongly pro tested and forty-two of the members of this party abstained from voting. The duma committee also .has con firmed the vote of confidence in I. Kerensky.