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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, April 19, 1877, Image 1

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TItI-WEEKLY l6ZlION.] 'INNS1301 US C.x'liUlt iD..
IO n. - ' , AY MORNiNU, APRIL 19, 1877.
Lad,ioseavorit.9 1. . , s,
wi th namlo, -10o0~t ! . .
HUsrED, Nassau, Rens. Co.,.Y .,
You will agree to distribu to some of
at circulars,wo :wll' i A sd you a
IN oILT FRAME, andt a 16 page
(olumn illuetitsd ij alr, rco for 3
miontlh. Inclovo 10 qo t ay. g ge.
Agonts wanted. ICEN _P0., os.
toM, Mass.
With a Cold is Always Ddigcrops.
WELLS' Car bolic rablets,
a sure reinoty for Congs, and all Dis
eases of the Throat, Lungs, Chest and
Mucous M omnbrano.
Hold by all Druggists.
C. N. CILITTENTON, 7 Sixth Avenuo, N. Y.
$2 00 a month. AoENTS WANTED
C ,< Onl our THREE GREAT $2
imoons. The Story of Chparley
Itoss, a full account of this great iuys
tery written by his Father, beats llobin
non Crusoe in thrilling interest. The
Illustrated HAND-BOOK :to all nELIoboNs, a
comploto account of all denominations
and sects. 300 Illustrations. Also the
ladies' medical aide by Dr. eon t
100 RJt o ell
sight. t c
monby on em. Nr ioulars ree. 3opies
by mail $2 each. JOnN E. PoTTEn A Co.
On the line of a great railroad with good
markets both East West.
Now Is the Tino to S'cure it.
Mild Climate, Fortile? dil, b'est Co'.itry'
for Stock Raising in the United States.
Books, Majis, fll iforiuatxou, also,
Sent free to all Marts of the world.
Address, .
Land Coin. U. P. I. R.
the isrgsit.n ad eat
sil+ l,,g tat onta
T A World. It contains
aamplevskago.N th cls~ant*odplredloeoljuA~ i
and adies' ishlonabif.tncy t, pin and dropa, post
paid, cents. S packages, with assorted Jewelry,
BRIDE a . 766Broadwayr N. V
articles in one. 'hoL.OYD CO MB~INATIO . Can be
s as a PenctlP nh oedjr a dn I'en, ra er, Penknife
enveoopeoponor.i'aper ctter Rubber, Sowing Machine
Thread Cutter, and for hippIng. Roams Cutting off
hooks and Eyes, Buttons. Er inE Niels..ko. "Site of &
common pouch, Is hisr"Ilmnickl" plated, n'd will last
aiiraetiino. Agents are coining moueo" and say Illsth
best siling article out. Sample S cents, Sia forz
$ I ExtraordInary inducemeurs to ganta. Sond iur
sanilo hai-dozen and canvn~s your town.
R IDE & 00. 769 Broadway, N. Y.
oI f the LLI*i COldIINA.
Bo proadWe I. r.
sept 3
Publishers and Printers
Can buy direct of the Manufacturer on
favorable term s.
are the best and cheapest low priced
machine made, and have a national repu
tation for utility and durability."-The
ectroly >per, Chicaigo.
far the best machine which can be ob"
tained for a less price than one hundred
dollars. It is of great strength. Trhese
machines have always takent the highest
stand. It is the onl[y machine to lph
is app>lied, he Thtebt Mbtayto~ Oi .l
Itself: by it, the cutting board can be in
stantly and accurately (noved, so that a
perfect cut is Insured,* Tils is a very im.
portant point in the maelhine, and one
that is possessed by no .Qther. It greatly
reduces the labor of preparation in work..
ing the paper back ward and forward.
We cannot toe strongly recommend .the
advantages of this patent movable board.
It Is worth the prioc of this machine, and
prchasrabould C~nra nd how
higlyit s o b~0 . ~t, IRowcel
c: 0b.'s .Newpape r and Prine's
TEn is p~rOnounced the most desirable
Card Cutter in the market, for the general
uses of a printing office,
The well knownl -Rl-Uar.ES OldIiVU~IrrEU,
with my lntest irovemen to, Is still pro,
forred by many printers, and holds its
favoritism over etfier machines,
Noneo gnuino but those havinig nmy full
pddresslettered 4p the eAing.
p i'r cwspt >ers In wa t of advediainigc
from~Iha firt p otq h .for my
A gbut ad, lIago
I will buyp ~f thono that-buy of 15o
d~ol 4
H lE uindersigned takea y Ienst r "
Informing his f(I io lij t'po
that he has tfiio e':ii p
commodious Brick Hotel, located in the
contre clf budiiness,: rh614ho is #ephred
to accommodate the public with'.elean atd
well furnishod rpome.. r an4 a tabloepe
.plied with' the bet" that (he 15eA
affords. - '
Ho ittends to desetteoi-alpholfeh d'
receive thme public patjQpage.i Iw. 5 -
January, 8, 18TK-. ti d PNeririetn?.
~-.E. R. 3: 30I r4Q 3I l. f
o-- .
Emperor William Cabbage,
Fp IE best, largest, hardiest and most
proltablo variety of wiNTEI CABnAOE
nlown in Europe, and imported to this
henr, wxkithltool~ b he gn~erignedl,
hutry eit usvo "' it vation, i flour.
Slies astonishingly, attaining an enor
ous size, and selling in the market at
rices most gratifying to the producer.
transplanting, great care should be
so4t givo Qia e g pipaocO for gowth.
ea th szo fthe mon li .lour
a s kie h ea run of his choice
are On paolk Me of the seed sent
l ost paid onieqeip6 of 50 cents, and one
cent postage. stamp. Three packages to
one address $1 06 and two 3 cent stamps.
'wolvo packagge sent on receipt of $3 00.
.fr Read what a well known Garrett
So. Marylander says of the EMPEnOn Wy,
AM Cabbage:
Md., Jan. 22, 1877.
Mn. JAMES CAMPnLL, 66 Fulton St. N. Y.
Dear Sir:-I boughtsonie seed from you
last spring, and it was good. Your Em
peror William Cabbage suits this climate
ell. On a mountain side the- seed you
spit me produced Cabbages weighing
t irty pounds each.
3 Ve . ory tr rs,
*e I am Sole Agent in the U. S. for
the famous
Maidstone Onion Seed.
from Majdstone, kent Co., England, pro
dpeink the -niost producing the most
p oliflo and fnch flavored Onions known
and yielding on suitable soils from 800 to
900 bushels per acre, sown in drills.
Mr. Henry:Colvin, a large m'irlcet garden
ei at Syracuse, N. Y., writes, "Your
English Onion Seed surpri'ed me by its
large yield, and the delicious flavor of the
this ! vif 'says
she wi bdons for the able
irn futues; Send- mo*p1njt(ch 4s you can
for th d sc~l 0'
COI ,e e of [email protected]@ed geht bn ree pt
of 50 onts = ne . ocnt pos *ge sta'Ip,
thr 'pka s -to olio dc resst S1o0' apd
tw cei4 !e lp. Twel'e ptiokaggsent
on colp po$ 0. ..a -
><$ su - il limited. Par allsiring
to soqure i r the above seeds
sliouk4 al) i or-de, A seed
wAnn , TO GuMnDATE
csh y. all orders. For
c her of th%' above seeds, address
lnar 1-xt0nn 06 Fulton St., N. Y.
Casst:w.:. !
Casimeres f
t of x9w Csamere froml tho cole
Charlottesvile Woolen Mills,
J. F. McMaster & CO.
WE havo just reooived a lot ot Gent.'
hand and machine sowed Shioos.
Ladies' and Children's Shoes of all kinds.
ohave on hMnd a f\i1I stock of
P~lats, liloached and Unbleached Home
sp1.9x% Igrllinge, qanaburgs, etc.
And all other goods usually found In
a fitst class dry goods store,
V/c can make it to your nalvantago, to
ilve us a call before Pt4basing elso..
apri 7
IOR sale at the Drutg Store of
* lt. W. R. AIKEN,
TUE abovo materials arc offered for sale,
ny purchaser not-atisfied with them
qialrqturp WI b~aslaot? beenr psod,.anck
j~~~iik!r thA6 C e f they 'b4
er actaty as represented.
~ws~~e otnty yino longer- warus.
AsD, uit pinto~ Up,
How he defied justice--Flow he eluded
justico ahd how justice overtook him
at last.
There has boon no more con
spicuous illustration of the possi
bilities of American politics than the
career of William M. Tweed. This
irian, springing from the lowest
walks of life and rising through the
different gradations, from the fore
inanship of the old "Big Six" fire
engine, and the chairmanship of a
ward club, at last usurped control
of Tammany Hall, and was for years
autocrat of New York and well
nigh of the United States.. How he
qrganized a ring, swindled the city,
amnassed untold wealth, 4nd defied
t4e law, and how be at last suc
cumbed to the force '9f public
opinion, became a fugitive, and
was finally incarcerated in jail, are
matters of history. But certain
points of the secret history of his
trial have been recently made public,
which, being of general interest,
are reproduced here.
Tweed had been convicted on the
cripinal trial against him, and was
in jail. The civil suit against him
for six million dollars was just coi
mencing. He had hoped to effect a
compromise by which on surrender
ing all his property he would be set
at liberty. But this appeared to be
on the point of faihure. 'Tweed's
property was attached. Ho had no
money to pay lawyers' fees and his
conusel were deserting him. As a
last resort, he determined to flee
the country, a,3d to effect this he
had recourse to his fellow prisoners.
Chaloy Lawrence was there, a
,quondam shcretary of Tweed's
Americus Club,,and an acquaintance
'f the Boss, but now, a convicted
silk smuggler. Lawrence imparted
to him i thorough knowledge of the
extradition laws, and showed that
Spain was the beat place of exile, as
no extradition treaty exists between
that country and the United States.
.Another companion was Bliss, after
wards the Northampton bank rob
ber, who undertook to manage the
details of escape through his con
federates. Tweed was to be taken
in charge by a well organized body
of men distributed throughout the
country, having every facility, their
connections and methods being
thoroughly tested and well estab
lished. He was furnished with a
short key for telegraphic commnuni.
cation and one for postal facilities.
The latter included a system of
.inclosures through five different en
velopes, with addresses. at removed
points. He was to find occasion to
visithishouse and deliver himself over
secretly and unattended at his own
door'. The execution of tihe agree.
mont included his landing in Spain
or under the Spanish. flag and in
Spanish territory safoly and secretly.
Ho was
By which he was -to be known to his
new connections, -and his personal
identity and his own name were to
be concealed from all personsr with
out exception from the moment he
passed out of his own stoop. No
member of the bar, nor his counsel,
nor any friend or person whatever
of his previous connections, knew of
his proposed flight or had anly part
in its execution. Neither did they
know of his whlereabouts at any
time until it had become necessary
for him to communicate with thom
after his arrest in Cuba by the
Spanish officials.
The exact minute of departure
was fixed at eight o'clock in the
eveping, not more than one minute
"before to one minute after that
hour. The time of his flight was left
undetermined, but 1he was to visit
hiis house on certain days and whien
the whole train was ready a sign
was to be given by a cortain, mark
upon tile stoop which he could see
as he descended the steps. Accord
ingly Tweed took occasion to obtain
from tile shoriff andl his kocpors the
us'ual privilege of the jail yard, to
visit his family and transact somae
business, several such visits having
been madeoto his house at the usual
hour after dark. He secretly made
pomo preparation, of personal mat'.
ters, putting his business affairs
ias good order as possible.
Finally it raohed the 4th no. nD..
coirmbor, 1875, which proved the
occasion of his departure. On the
evening of that day he was driven
in the customary back, attended by
two keepers, to his houso. Ascond
ing the stoop he saw the sign. It
was about half-past seven o'clock,
and a dreary December evening.
The signal at onco aroused him with
a startling shock, and as ho do
scribos the occurrence, his blood
and his norvos wore filled with an
electrical excitement which
Controlling himself with some
efrort he led his attendants to their
wonted and welcome feast, which on
this occasion was amply provided in
the dining room. The keepers ate
and rwed took care, also, that they
drank. At just the right moment
one of the koopors rose and wont to
the wash basin in the room to wash
his hands and got ready for his
usual cigar after dinner. Tweed
took the opportunity to rise also,
and saying he would wash in the
adjoining room ho passed into the
hall closing the door. As ho left
the room he quickly took the first
hat and coat and stopped out of the
front door. He was a fugitive. He
saw the hack before the door with
out a driver, who also took advan
tage of the occasion in the kitchen.
Not a person or sound appeared to
respond to his appointment. It was
not quite one minute past eight. He
had stolen forth from his home to
place himself in the hands and
guidance of a picked gang of des
peradoes. As he shrank back under
the shadow of the stoop it seemed to
him a long period of doubt and self..
examination until his attentien was
attracted by the noise of whools,
and he saw
Such as is used by grocers and ex4
press drivers. He saw also a man's
arm reach out from the cover, which
was a sign that it was for him. As
ho descended the stoop ho also saw
a man passing slowly, which caused
him to hesitate, but this person said
in a low tone, "All right ; got in the
wagon." So he scrambled into the
covered wigon, which drove quickly
around the block into Madison
avenue, but as they got there, a car
having run off the track, some
mounted police and passengers
stood in the way and the fugitive
was stopped for two or three min
utes. The wagon soon started
again and drove zig-zag across the
city toward North River, which
was soon reached, and beside a big
truck on the pier they stopped.
The driver said, "Get out on the
river side." Tweed got out, seeing
that the truck covered him from ob
servation. As he alighted a man
stood near the truck also, who in
dicated that Tweed was to descend
into a row boat, in which lie quickly
embarked and
There he was met by another
vehicle in waiting for him on the
shore road, when he was driven off
into the region beyond the river and
palisades in a direction and to a
termination where he had inever
been before and could not now
ascertain or indicate. At an oldi
farm house Twveed was. received by
another of his now found friends,
and in this refuge, disguised, he
From December 4th until the first
week in March, he was always under
the control of two men who had
managed his escape and contracted
for his safety. Ho -did implicitly
what they directed, and they held
him in hand like trainers. Ho
slept, he rose, he wvalked, lie rode,
ate andc drank only as they instruet
ed him, and it may be remarked
here that this discipline and relation
wore maintained unti1 he olosed his
engagement with thorn satisfactorily
in Florida. On March 5th he lef
Jersey, and took up a temporary
abode on Staten island, about one
half a mile from Fort Wadsworth,
at the Narrows, in a fishormuan's lhut,
with his two companiona. Uere
the party staid twvo wooks, making
preparations. Mr. Tweed not only
lived at this shad man's hut two
weeks, but even mad& a visit acroas
the channel and
During his stay on Staten Island
a light and fast sailing little schoon
or was fitted out and manned by
himself and two companions, with a
negro boy, Ito atarted at last from
the pier in-front of the fort in a
row-boat in the night, and slipped
away upon a pleasant breeze. In
dane nonrnaM nad withount anything
noticeable they reached the lagoons.
on the coast of Florida. At one of
the light-house stations they made
a deflnito stoppago, Tweed taking
board with the keeper of the light
Soking a restoration of health and
the recreations of fishing and hunt
ing. Hero, too, he parted with his
guides from Now York, closing his
contract with thom at that place.
Hero Tweed was joined by the per
son who is known as Hunt in the
reports of his subsequent arrost.
This man was a Florida guide,' ind
with him Tweod spent a long time
in the interior, camping out, hunt
ing and fishing. Subsequently' ho
returned to St. Augustine, which
place he left in a fishing smtck for
Cuba, and he and his nom imion
Hunt landed ton miles outside the
harbor of Santiago do Cuba.
Entering the city, they were
arrested by the officials, but wore
released. After romaining s4)ino time
in Cuba he was permitted to embark
for Spain, paying $548 passage
money for himself and Hunt. The
voyage was not pleasant, as the fol
lowing extracts from TWoed's diary
show :
"I still keep on the cloth (summor)
pants, a pair made for mo in June.
1873, as the mark tolls me. They
are about ten inches too large
around the waist, so I think I must
have decreased some in size thore
since that time."
Of his living he says:
"No appetite. Bowl of soup for
breakfast. Soup made of a few
hard sailor biscuit boiled in hot
water and, seasoned with thyme, and
then a quantity of oil poured into,
and boiled with it, making a cracket
or biscuit soup ; no other seasoning
than the oil, which seems to be the
prevailing mixture in all the cooking
on board."
This diet, with a little sherry, ho
partook of merely in quantities. to,
prevent the pangs of an empty
stomach. Approaching Vigo, hp
expresses his longing for fresh meat,
at last, or a little fruit. He says.:-..
"I do try to oat what is providpd;
but I can not do it ; my stomach, in
stantly turns when I got a taste. of
garlic, and as that is the only fla.vor
ing they use in cooking I aux so-o to
got it-in the fi-st mouthful.. -F ha ve
not oaten more than two. plateo of
soup and a few soda bincuit. ipn two
days, and I begin to, feol the. necess
sity for food."
The two landed at Vigo,. in
Spain, and Tweed was arrested
as Secretary Bolknap. hero.
Hunt, who had been koJ?,. igno-,
rant of his. identity, di.scov-.
ered accidentallsy that. Jo)hn Socor
was no other than Tweed.. Iet
became indignant at. this,. anti in4
formed upon tio fugitive, in. copse..
quonco of which Tweed was delivered
up to justice by the Spanish govor'n-.
mont as an act of 0oo'tesy to, the
United States.
Tweed's identity was verified by
copies of Iarpe"'s Weekly contain
ing carieatures of tho Boss by Nast,
and this led to a curious mistake,
The particular cartoon in question
represented Tweed in theo acbr of
nmaltroating a small urchin, which
typefied the public schools of Now
York or some othmer ch;arity~ There.
upon thme Spanish ropa&'hers telo
graphoed that "Twid Antlelme the
kidnapper of Iharley R'oss" had
been arrested at Vigo
After somo delayy Tweed wasa
brought to Now Yor'k by the frigate
IFranklin, and he is bow ini jail, Eo
as much changed, The roverses of
~ortune have hornQ heavily upon him,
md his apirita som r'u.sh~d. In
aimi as ho appears now can scar'cely
eo recognized the remains of thme
:mce most powerful autocrat in~
The German Governmept has
benderedt to. ldinister Washbntio
~he dcooration of one- of themi high~
orders of (Grermn knighthpied 99
recount cf hia5tistinguishei~.seiry e
to auffering Germans iiia'sp.d
1ng the siego. -Mb. Wdshb~ho ha
nforiod thme Gernian! Mfiikter ;that
itates he cannqt acpqpjr
n;- bdit the'Mimmsterr 1'tfli or
Mr. WashbuD, inl thoe ef' 'thte
tatter should doeeide to retiro: fromt
affico.. As a privatQ citinou pp coid
recep)t it without an aot o.t Oangrosa.
I'his decoration is said. Lcvhave cost
I45,000, and .to be conipcW1-of the
most costly diamonds and preolona'
N~ew Yoi-k greventihg~ the Eleva
I~ailway fronm' ptdsding b~y 'the win
diowe of certain, propemty-holdei-s,
This kills raplrasitdar 8hie

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