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THlE NEWS AND HERALD.
WINNSBORO, 8. S. 'UURSDAY, Octobr 3, : : 1879 7?. Mr ANS DAYrS, RDITot. 4NO. S. it AlR YOLfDS, AssoCIATH EDITOtR. Graded High Sohools. Mr. Blenj. R. Stuart has written anI interesting article to the Abbeville Press and 1Panner on schtools, tld we have reprodtced it. In several points! we heartily concur with Mr. Stuart, especially RA to not tinkering too much with the school law as it now stands. Tho people are begimning to Understand it, and it vould be wrong to make too inally changes. We be lieve that ele ntary i nstruction should be forover ree.' Tle State is poor hut, individuals are poorer, aid the chihlt'cir must be educlIed h) the Stato if the parelts are tuable to pay for them. As to t lhe 11phu of Iaivint high schools ill every county, we do not conlsider it IIsible at present.. At soni filti.tre a thill%, Iere slol 1(e a high School inl evcly County town, with a eu IrienlI ml) above that pre scribed for1 coini 11c1 whool". At pres Cut the Fluid is too smai1ill to divert. tIny portiin of it, from the commo I schools, while tihe (ollilOm1 sclools Ue not yet sitfiljcently well or'glMlized to become feeders of such anl inst if - tion. As ive have previotusly n11111.1 tained, the school system wilWl not he perfect until it ias f'rce colimtion schools in every ieighborlhood, free high schools in1 every. couniy town, and, to cap ill, ia free university such as Cali f'ornia enjoys. We are utterly opposed to the plan ,of clirging any tuition fees in the lower Irlrades. And even in higher -schloOls we would protier the system suggested by Mr. Stuart for Jowei schools, and11 already inl vogue ill many locailities, of having tile school 111)so lutely free for soveral months and absolutely a pay school for the rest of the time. The State should deal in 110 half-way mciasmi o. uAs ile'staiud it, 'A[. St.uart is Zion Suoo>tpposing tnh Molilnt Ziol.0101 1"nd(ued onl the pulm 1w0 thegg,.(. It is 110,i .school iml whiich thle Stin, 11m s half ad the pflrClt the other lilf. -li;q p2ln was contemplated at oi1e time, but It ctel through, partly because of the doubt of its constitutionality an1(d partly be causO of a Preference fori atother method. In Mouit Zion School, Ile entirie Curriculum prescribed by the school law is taught free of charge to all pupils of the district. pils CFo IromI other districts fin the couIty are. re. quIred to pity sonetlin, merely as a counterbalance to the local tax now levied on (his d11istrict, bit this alrt r1tngemncnt hits nothing to (10 Willi the bute aipporuonm1111em.. nomv Ii IIIe.. yond the common school enIlrricuilumI certain branches are taught as at a priivte school, tand for' these tuition is dlemiandedl. There is no0 hal f-an d--hlf1 arrangement at all. The thecory is to have a pay school with a free school as a feeder. U~p to ai certint poit educatioun costs tnothing. A tietr that the pupil pays full chtarge for thte ex tra branchecs. This ceffects the (lie pur p)ose contemnplated by Mr. Stuart, but in a differet way. Two years of fre intrcti~ton andio two yearsb of' full paty amount in the end to the samtie thinto as half-and-half' instruic~ti fot' f'oii years. Besides this, It enlales t he child who (100s not care for extra in struiction to get the elemtenits of knmowi edge for' not hintg. No poor chtild( is tu'rnedl off', ando the school is (tus really a benetimtion. Whether, in the pres ent cotnditioni of the counitry, Mr'. St iuatt' ideai is at sat isf'actor t"'compr~o mise he t ween a free high school anid no0 high' schtool at all, we cannitot say at neicessary~i.'We shamll conisidet' it care.. full.y While we cannoiit 'oniciur in all that 1Mr. 1 tBee or Mr'. St uar't recamf mienids, w'e are g'htd to see thatt a fr'ee discuissioni is sprtintging imp, fr'om which The Charleston Democracy. Whietnever' a set otf men) assume to control 01' act f'or a parity for' a longer titme than has been in express term1ts grated to thietm, an up1heatval of' thte rank and file is an inevitable 'esult. In some of thle couties of our own State, serious dissensions, and even actual sp)lits, htave occrr'ted in the Democratic raniks. Tihoeoly moans of' securing solid party sul) port for atny intdividual Is by shlowineg in1contestibly~ that ho is the actual choice of' a matjority of tile p)ar'ty at the time of' his candidacy. It' the' nomti niating convetiont, or if the executive comitte bcCon)trl'Oig tihe mtanlner of' noi~iination, is composed of persons choseni a year or so beforehand, antd upon a dif'erent issue, abundant rea son Is givein for the cry of unifirness, and not only the candidlate ando those thtrough whose manipulations ho has beenechosen, but the party itself, sufiers serious damage. The position taken by a majority of the City Executive Commtittee of Oharleston is most remarkable. Chos en), as it appears, two years ago, mfor'e ly to porpetuate the mnach~liery of tihe party and to set its wheels in motion at tihe begiuning of a now canvass, they have constituted themselves solo arbiter. of the campaign, anid assume the right not only to sutbver't all pyve vious usages but even to declare who miay or may not be mfemnbers of the party. This, ini the face of a former -r'esolution that only a echvenltionu has the power to alter tihe or'ganlo lawv, is an absurdity. And wvhen, mor'eover' it s manifest that t)lis, usurpationi of -power is for the express jiurposo of' SAlfoWIzng '. Rudical negroes--owen1's *trikerts and 1Mnnlevs hunkadoi.t participateI InI Demioeratie prlimaries and control lie loliillltioun, their con duet. cainnot be viewed otherwise than as a crime. No wonder thant the Democrats have takcnj the mat ter' in their Own hant1ds and called ward lleeting's for,1 the purpose of eIlketing a pure Democratic oigan-iization. They colil not sit (OwnII and see the ma1 chinlery of the party handed over to Bowena and aclitkey. letter nto party it all thaln such a Imiockery. But theei atre tlhouiands of Deiocriat in Charleston, an1d they are-o deterinIilied to alive a party--a party in full accord with that of the Stitte an(I of, the Unioi. Thatt this puriiled party will ioninlate CaI,pttin Coirtenlay is inl evitaible, fior of' tile three candichttes hie 111le has placed himself' squar-ely on i Denocratic platlorm. The iss1 is not betweeni Sale ieln 1111d (ouirte nay liel, but, bet weenl sriight Democ racy tnid political mliscegeiation. W hen Mr1i'. J. . i ipbell placed hiii s0l without the patle of' the party by refusinhg to obey the party's noniia tionl, we'0c1ntra-terized his cour'se as$ we tiougit, it dhserved. But f'r worse is (he present schemlic to pre tid to demiand a Democratic n1o01in nation and yet, seek to setire it, 1)y Raidical votes. To clili to be at llu)(on 1)einoerat Oil a lRadical plat Foim was, bild eioigi. -[t to bnury the Deiocratic priiaries iider a load of Itadical votes inl tle name11 of Ile "Straightout Deitiocracy, who never fiused, bolted or ranl Jlidepeident,' is the refinelient of sarcasil. It would be a capital plan to live tile Demio cratic and the Ireguhru' iladical pri maries on thle 1same day, so that the thifty hun1kadoris ill voting need lose but onc1 day fiomi theiri accustoi ed avocatiolns. This woul be at move in (e line of' li et conoimy. Outsiders, eveni thlough ulininfiormed as to the inerits of' the pres'ent isstie in Chale.st on, need lose no tine inl deciding' between the real aid the spurous emocacy.Ca pt ain Coru-te nay placed himsell' it the begiiniiiing on tin girouid, and his friends have ever ainounned iiemselves ready to abide by the decision of at mijori(y of bona flde Deiocriats. Mayor Saiue ",f iites hat i' ie be not nominiated he Will V:no1w tlat fraud has been praclised, an12(1 redl therelbre not abide by 1he ionliinltion. Ow- Sup porters of uatztain Couti111y re hle best. lion of all clisses 1d avocattons in (liailes(t on. On ithe other hand Mayor Sile's organ is mantaged by two e0(groes, Porter, of Aiw' im " - .3, and J. J. Wright, of' lun:avory juldiial memory01. AUt his meetinigs the( 112ost blatnlit speakers tire Purvis, a (lrtiikenll reprobale, and Freeiini, a1 mnahgnlant and corru'lpt, Radical 110gro. hese ilreptiles dare o pollute tihe so clled temples of' Deinocriay by tleir when such creaItuS aire stl'eed to bow. Againi, it is ebiarged (hatl Mav'or Sale has1 turnedC( otf or' igniored( w~'ite D~emocrats and put Itadical nlegr'oes to work on his streets. lx this Demiocra cy' of' the str'aighitout stripe? .lmeaen f'orbid I The whole State is looking oni Char ileston. They be (lieve tlhat hier DeInoer'acy will lie equnal 14) the emier' gency. An tlIher bid heri God speed A PlC IXCELY 1'M ICSA LLI ANC1. Henrly XX.,f 'rl1enns8, Fanls, In on Union I wo) braniches of' whlich preserive theli'r sover'eigni rights, had the( doub1)1l ul lhon or' of1 wit nlessinig the mia~~'nige 0102ne of thieir r'iace with Ii 10l. Clot i1l Loisset, a ci rcus-iideir well known ini Germiiany3 anud llelgium11 thr' her' c(1iuestrian reats and thle grace of' her performanciii(es. Th bcyounig 'oule, wh'lo cont2 racited ieu' allianice on1 the island( oft lleligobind, und1(er lit ish rule, arie no0w speniding t hir honeymoon att I lambu rg, wher'e they' will priobab1Ily take up their peri nmnent abod(1(. The( ne1wy-marri'lied l)winlce, w ho, like all1 then 2male4 members.01 of' his house, bears the bapi ismail nametl friomi hits n1i1erotts brnothters an11 ('ous inls oly by thle numberl('1 at tached to it. on2 his birthh, wits formerl01'y a1 hliutenamJll 2int h i Ith Rieg.imn of0111 Prusxsian Dr ~ia goonis, fromu whichi lhe wans dismIissed, howleveri, owing to his wil pranliksand1( dissolutie hanbits'1. Notw~'it hstanldime his y'ouith, Prince lIur XX. has1 beci the suibject of' many1 scandalons01 stoiesC, and1( (lhe hippelta01r of' 21ore( tha oneii r2(3eek less act, wich on ot h~ers but. himii would have retleoled( last inzg shame and( (his hontor. Garraisouted some1( year's agom in wa1s a1 conistati frequenltert.1 of theO then exist ing gambilhing hiells of' ihe nleighi hor)inh tllmourng, \V3iesbaden and2( liadent-Baden, at. whui, f'aviored by' 1luck, lie is said( to have moire than one p~ocketed inunltense sums, to be squan dered'4 as rap1Jid1ly and1( toolishily ats they were wioni. Oni his r'3ieteent rt'ii the armny, niecessited by his~ inabilit v' to meet thie clains of' his cred~itors8, the courts, coniinlig his buankr'iutev, placed himl unider the care' o)f'2an ofliil guarLldian2, fromi whlom he soont manih algedl to freeo hiinselfI. lIo staye'd inI Becrlin last witer, hIving ont th'e pr'o ceeds8 of a1 sma211lle incm genlerou~sly gr'anted1 hlim by his falmily. I [e iglit oli0on be seen11 In the cir'cus or1 at Ta't torshalhl's, appalrently havhig 210 hilgiher 02njoymenlt thant the socetoy of *Joe -eys and1 circus ider01s, wvhom mn driess and1( appearance21104 he entdealvored to 11m1i1ale as8 mutch as possible. A sister' of Mle. Ullotikde, whIo used to portbrmni at thle (Cirque d1''Ete, mlarield a Frenceh Count. T1her'e is still anlolte sistr, Emiici, also in the circusn business, who is shortly to be marriied to Pintce lialrtz field, a1 German12ii nob1lman. CUrLrivAR Rosi.:.--Nothing adds(1 so much to the comnfbrt and -beauty of' home as thie culivetin of flowers. Noir does anything atdd mnore to the beauty and~( com1f'ort of man12 0or wVoman~, thant the r'oses on the checks of Itose in good health. Dr,. Gllder's Liver' Pills will always Iimpar't tis roseate liue if used in time. For' sale by Dr. W. E. Alken. . t19 --Pr'esident Garr1ett, of the BaltImore arnd Ohio RaIlroad,. -11as a- platn by which Ito can shmotnen the distancee be tweeni Baliinoreo anid Chicago at least two hnnidrcd m~le_, GOMADAED 111G1H SCIIOOLi. Tito Views of an Old Toncier-Hts lan for Rasing the Ienns of Conducting Such schoolm. f From the Abieville Press ard Banner.1 Tho publication of Mr. Benet's Iato able addr1es8 oil Stato educaIttioni iI pamlphilet firIl auld its distribution by the Abboville Teachers' 1nstitute before Whom it wias delivered, to every inem ber of'our Legislatire, I min persiund ed, will 410 great good. It is an extra ordinary eye-opener that is greatly needed, and I tike the liberty of call fbr its republication1 in i lore perma nent li'ri. But I ai not inl favor of etbodviig aill of' its suggestiois in a neCW sho01-laiW, for I am11 opposed to aliy chatnge of the law as it now stalds I With respect to aitkinlg elementary educatiolt, ats iir as the Sta.-to 1111de takes it, altogether free. It, certainly . ought s4 to tremiin a1ltogether free for ever. And when State funds are in sifleieti to support ilt element ary school to: I lie eitire year it ought to be kept opent Is a iperetly fivee school so long its it 1s so sipported, its patrons I mle takinig the burtdetn of' its.3 support. oil the Stte, ani1d keeping it open as,, a pay school, under the saime togher, f'r t(e rest of' the year. It is, too, not at till im wacticalle by till arran'itige tulent, nint. ait the begfi'aningr of the yvir, ihr Staito f1u11(s to Support the satie ItIcher foir months at oie locali v, int four titotiths tat another, as is done itt the sptrsely populated districts of' Sweden. Whten, lowever, we pass nyl) to th hieghei grades of itistrtetioni, to iwhat, is pioperly denotniated See ondtry ednationl thena the policy of "usittg StIate fnids not ae at paly-all but as at stimuilus to education" scoms il Stost self-evidont, antd iIore particultir Iy inl Ilie prll1eent ftiancial atid social conlitioni of th 1e people of South Cairo lina. The demand of' school fees equal to ta least onc-lial of the expenses of stch higher grades of instructioti is not only altogether just, but absolutely iecessriy' to securing, eiciecy. The Sttae CotnstituLtiOni speaks of' ''schiools supporied in whole or i1 part, by the Sitate." The school law, as it now stands, gives n1o optiont and no encour agemen to this latter and miutchi-need ed Chass of "schlools supported inl part by file Statte." If the L gislatue be brought to see this and to rellect upOll it, it would endeavor to Carry ont thei lear neanling of' the Conistitui Ition, and woild ceas(e to obst Iidt what elatse to be preseitly inentioned plain Iy indicate ats the po;pular desirc0 anld will. Ani amendment would be pass ed, this Very wilnter, by which tas inuch as f'iteeni Itundiurel dollars would bo set apat1t, out of' the i-e'selt s4chool fund inl each colmtvy, amd akppro priat(ed 1 aid in establishintg at suitt )le locali I ies . (. radted liigh Schools, on ithe expr .ess coditiion) that such schools sholuld be kept. 11 open for ten miont has of (lhe yearll, and thatitas mnehl m11oney should hie collected, dollair for dollar, 1)by tuitionm fees paid by the belliciaries of such schools as is contributed to wtirds their support by the State. 'ery soon (0fcient. teachers, secured al stiituulated by better pay, would greatly comment and reiide popular the whole limIlic school Systeti, IL dC mand would be creat(d for still highier college and uiniversitv education and ialdit ion1al local taxation fori educationi al purposs, t han which nothiig Could beitore haful( and uIpopular at localities, Jud,'i'enls'onhanuv-ml.vpCma itnt. This poliev of usinig St ate aid "as at stimult1 is ai not as ai ptay-al' in see omtliary etct(tioni, is9 not ai new oneC. 11 is no mieire e'xp)3 eriet, now' f'or the fir'st. t imei to bc tietd. Besides3 hatvittg practdtce3L andi pret3(cdenit for' centiuries in it s faivor, it, is actiinally no0w in op~erat tion in the organiztatioin of' ever' Sttate cia, without ta sitngle ex'pCtiont. It is the, pr'intcile on which (lie City I ligh School of Charl'eston, wicih has dono1 s> muchit~ useful t:d noble work wa'ls fithned, andl now conttinuies to eix ist , andiin an11 a1 wk wvard iad1 icomtplete w ay, s haciearly is thlere1 a populair de nu11 nd( for' its itiediaite audoptioni, it has beein aceted on1, ialmost contraary t~o ourI presen'it sc'hool law, in fte tow~ns of' 'Yor'k, Chiestcer, ltock 11hill, Wiunnsbo:-o, Blackvihle, .Aikeiin 1( aml Abbevilhe. W'I ho4, then, canit dloubt that it even ali retady~ c.omman mds the almiost unnimo4)us appr)1ov'al of' the whole people of' the Suite? Ncveirtheless, the statesmnii whio first emblodies it ini legal form will wreathie at cirown of' laure'l round hiis brow. Foir Ithe advit ianiges of' such an amneinment of' the schlool law tas has beeni sutggestedl, an tamnendont ini aid of', and suplemenlCt~tar to, anid iln no0 re(specLt anitagonizinig the pr1esent free school system exactly as it stanids, wouild be otl'ecd, ott thei same condi tionts Ito all chascss and colors of our' cit izensi5 without, datnger' of abuse by ainy, while stimuilati ng thle puritest anm bition and the best aspir'ationis of' all. .Retpct~fullyV, yours, BaENJ. R1. STrUART. I lowv II a Cox NiCxD TrtA.---Ex. (Gov. S. W. Thr'ockmor'toni ,er'tainily Iunderastaunds all thle ai'ts of' tan old 'Te' an. Ini his speech def'endting Edwarid Bomiar, at Gaiinville, after having spo0 keni abot an hiour' said: "Gentlemen oft'the jury, It Is said by the pr'osecut.ionu that because the doceas (d was in his shir'tslcos wthenm killed hie htad no pistol." SHere Mr'. Thral0kmle'oii pulled oft' his coat and stood before the jury in his shirutseeves. ''You may say," continued Mr. Thirockmorton, "t hat I am not armued blecaulso I am in my shirtsleeves. Look i do you see any arms?" cried 1he holding up his hands. No s1igns of arms11 could bo seen. Mrlt. Thiorckmorton fthen dr'ew a pis tol tfromi under his hlf. arnm, anot hier fraoim under' his right, one fraom eacha boot, antd a hugow biowle knife fr'om the baick of his neck, p)lacinlg them onl the table. "You see, gentlemen, though In my shmitsleeves, I couildI b) well armed." Thais was a cllincheri amid it carried the point, entirely destrioy'ing the argu namnt of' thue praosecutionl. LAND RENTS IN ENOL.AND.-TheC df fleuilties undl~er which farmeil~rs in Eng land, Scot laud and Iireltad labor in thle way of rent anid taxaution are illuistrat eti by some statenmnts of actual ftuet pubi~lshied in thie .Karik Lane Exp?'cas, the Londoni or'gan of' Agr'Icultural in ter'ests. An ownter of 200 acres re celves $2,100 renit, and pays $115 and lmtcomo tax. Thle tenaunt pays: Rent, $2,100; pooir and highwtay t'ate, $4 10; dr'ainage --'ato, $315' incomo tax,I $37.50; total tax, $87i.50; tofal renat andi tax, $2,977.g0, or at the rate of $14.88 per aoiro per year. Ini addition to this, the tenant is unader legal obli- i gations to place onu the land an amout of muamnure equal to an agreed nuumber of tons of stable manuro por aoro,. -Don't borrow your neighbor's pal, per, ht subhcrvbe. THE NEXT 'RE DIDNGY. Yontingencles that May Arise in the Houso of IRepresentatives and Seuiate1--Pro-. granino of the Politicians. tCorrespontlence Now York Hlerald&j WASHINGTON, Sept. 23.-Congress nai Springer, of Illinois, chalrmani of ,ho Committee oin Elections, in ia re :oent interview said that Mtr. King, of Wisconsin, had abandoned the contest igainst M1r. George U. Ilazelton, the lRepublican member from Clhe Third Wisconsia district., so that the only 101)0 now left the Democrats in tle jlouse is to unseat Mr. Orth, of li liana, whose seat is being contested >y Mr'. James McCabe, aiYtliat would 1 the vote by States in th1e evnt the lectioni of a President, devolved upon aongress. Mr. Springer says the eason that Mr. Kinig gave up tle .ontest was that the videc asnt mflicient to sus'tain his case. As the Ihouse Couimittee on Eelections has tot acted upon ia single "contested -ase, there is at suspicion that the azcltoni-Kiig contested case is not ibandoned. According to Mr. Sprin m:c's eplanlation, hie admits that Mr. 3rth 1 at callididte For fbced retire ilent, so is to tie tile States in the ,vent that the election of th1e President 1hould Le 11 throwi into the Ilouse of tepresentatives. It is undelrstood bero that ti programme as already mitlinied in these d1ispatches will b' idhered to, and particularly will this ble so if New York and Ohio should 31ect tihe Republican ticket this full. I'hio administration is countin0,; Ol tle prestige of success inl these two States Lo reduce the Demociratie majority inl the Senate, for it is believed that. siould Ohio and New York elect Re publican Legislatures, then Connecti ut, Pennsylvania antid New Jersey will istirely illow, and the( election t live RepIaublican Senators would u'hange tle vote of the Senate, even with lie addition of ia Democrat in place of Senator Bruce, so as to make Sentator Davis, of Illinois, the balance of ower. Inl the event of, the llouse ailing4 to choose at Presilenlt, . should itch con iigency arise, (he Vice-i'rcsi dleit wouti(l be chosen bi)y tim Senate 113 now constituted, and (tie Vice President so chosen would become Presideit on tle 4lth of Maurel, 1881. With Rtepiblicun success in (lie States niamiued tlie new Senate would stand thirv-eiht Democrats, thirty-seveni lRe c"blcas anld Senlator. DavidDavis, lndtependent, and his vote would he n1ecessary to (the Deimlocrats to organ ize tihe Seiiate. It is even contende( that tle saml1e success which would elect tle llepublican Presidential; ticket w%.oul( give to Mr. Divis' vole inl the Senlate addlition'd weighlt and imlake him the leader of a third party of 1no lean prol)o1r-tionls, for he w oulil still hohl tle balance of power. The squel to ill this is that in view of so many polit(il contingencies it will be necessarvy for the Senate to do a little iniIgitg Oil its ownl alCcounti, aind the ri3movil of Senator Kellogg, Louiisi ana will free tle Deiocrts of all Fear of lqsing authority in the Senate be fore 1883. Xx M mrol n.L Ir. We copy the thllowing beautiful tribute Iron the New Orleans Times to the ienory of (lie late John B. Hood: Saturday, t h c 30th daty of'Aui (.nst, '70, ini the city O rle an s, JOhlN 1. JIOOD, LEaUTENANTr ENEaiRL, C. S. A. Born at Owvensville, Ilath county, Ken tulck y, in June, 1831. Ini peace, as in warl, lie served hiis.outriy withlom ailty and1( alection. .lie lived a'n exemiai~~r l'o hisi fellowv men,1 and1( died as (lie the faithiful. Deatlh came11 to him after a short but pinfiltul illness. Ihis broken heart, mourn i ng thie loss of her dlid more than nul1 p'h1y sical pain, t~o crush tiat life which till t heon had borne all the strokes of fate undaunted. In the early morning, whilst the sentinlel st ars still wattchied above hin, the suffering warrior slept unto dleathi, to awake at tie reveille of Eter nily. Peace, lisfu~l pea1ce, to) thaL pr1ould form, wvhilch gave space and~ earthly semblance to the noble soul which glowed within its compass. lirave and magnanimous soul I Spirit of' honor and dIevotion i I heaven di r'ected, thou1 hast crossed thatdark and lwful gulft wvhich hedges in moirtality f'rom immortality I To (hiy mhemor'y tribute would I lring, andl, wveaving words of prlaise, as 'twere flowery gar' lands, scatter them above thy mnor hal resting place, in token thiat the belcoved deadt still live in thie hearts of thie living. A. J. LEwis. NionOEs GOING WEST.--A (dispatch rom Nashville, Tenn., dlatedl Septemn bor 22, 'says: An exodus of negroes to Kanisas commntced~ here to-day, with the prospect of' a large emigr'ationl to the West. One hundrolied lef't on a special trailn via the Nashville, Chlatta nooga ando St. Louis and Iron Moun laini roads, while twvo huiidred wvill leave to-mor'row mornilng, on a5 special train via Evansville, Ilonder'soni and Nashville andl St. Louis and South nastorn lines. Iloth trains will take up other crowvds along their respective outes. This sudddlen exodus is occa sionied by (lie chiarter by nlegr'o leaders of excurslin trains to St. Louis, Kan las city and Topeka, at $4, $7 aind $9.' One thousand negroces sawv the train fi' to-night, cr'ying, praying and sing ng just previous to its dlepairtuir. A QUESTION 0OF STICEss AND AOCENT. --A writer in the Evangelist has taled attentiotn to a small but very ommroni error w'hich 0141er peopl)1 as velt as childr'en make in repeating the amnilhiar little prayer, "And nlow Ilhay no down to s1leep." Prohably there re f'ew persons whio do not tuse (lie lefinite article "(lie" before the word I 'Lord" In the second and fourth lines. lv so doig 'they simly make an fIrmnation~ and not an invocation. he writer, with veiry good reason, uolds that the prayer should be givon a follows: And noe I lay me down to uloodi - pray Thde, Lord, my soul to tke. -- T'he pop'ulati'n of New .Orleans'i 300.co.. Bnnr-A-nfiC. -First words of General Grant: "llow is my boom I" -All ithe sigiiers of tle Declaration of hidependem(3 sigiied their naines with. a quill, except one-ho signed lis W it herspoon. -"What's eggs this morning?" 'Eggs, of' course," says the denler. "Well," says the customer, "I'm glud it, for the last I bought of you VeIe Il1 chickens." -Whe i IboV scrapes a lit tle skin Afhlis knuckles while sawing wood for his mother lie iakes more ado Ibout it (han when lie knlocks his big toe-nail olfin runinr to a tir This is reliable. -That duel between two women at Uniioni, Tenn., was a sad affiir. I3oth tired together, and one lit a boy D11 the 1enee and (ho other killed a calf in a field. Theni they pulled lhair and lawed each tlier uiint.il one thinted away .-f'rec Press. -Almost every State in the Ameri canl Union has it law a inst cairViniiE Concealed weapons, 111d every pair of pants maniutuetuired froim Mainie to Calif'ornia anid from tle lakes to tie Mexican Gulf, ha11s Ia pistol pocket. -Cctawavo, 11s lie siw Ma jor' Marter approaching thie Kraal, quiet'lv reimiark ed, "I'm not the first kin"' to sutllbr Marter-doom," and if it. ha F not been for the prop)t arrival of ftle British his owii So liers would have killed himill. -A man came inl yesterlay to sell us a1 wooden sinow shiovel, but we ex plainled to him i.hat 'we lidn't expect there would be anl\. wooden snow I this Winter, and coulin't see as we should need tie article, and lie said w e were ahiost a1s )ig anll ass a1s John Kelly. Boston Po6.t. -A Londoni newspaper relaes that when a Frenichiiimn, who Fell over board fromi a steaimer which took the Cobden Club back frvom G'reenwich, WaS resced antd retir'ed to (lie deck, tle first thlig hei courtcously Said was ihat lie hoped ie h11. not kept the steamer waiting. -A Yanikee and a Mexican disputed at Big Springs, iNebraska, ats to their skill as ia rksiien. "\VWhat. can von do with that rifl of y'olttr?" asked'the0 Yankee sneerinlgly. "I caii shoot the soiie out of that pin oil your breast," fle Mexican1 retorted, anid did it inci den1allv inflicting ia iortal wound. -Did yon ever notice at poor chap1) that Stauls inl Ile first pierure of (lie 11111111ac with ile ih and sleep anld sCorpions and bulls and twins, ete., iiroitind him? Did yott ever nolice lie was uked anlld 111d pothin.- inl his stolillch ? Well, Ihat poor tellow used to edit a inewispnper. -A ona il on Arbor Ilill last eveninli aiied ait t gull at, his little Sonl (a.bleauti full Creature with goldenI hair to his wiist,) and plaily threatened to shoot him. T.1he1 gun turned out to be Iiloaded. It will be pleed in the State Library, ats (lie onily weaponI of the kind kiiown 14o Aneri;-an gunlnerv. -Albany Journai. -A gentleimia hiavini- 111011ted for the first (ine a pailr of' v-glasses, an old friend remarked, 'So you hav4ye colie to eye-glasses it last?" ",Well, yes-i puit thiml on ccasional," was the reply. 'IEves beginning (to Cail boy, but I dlon't thinik the light is as good1." .-Joe Pentz. took a r'ifl e to his wed dIig, ait Alar1k's Gap, Texas, th1e sex I on ied to persuaehim(0li ) to leave it. at. the (1001 on en torinig thle church, but lie per'sisted ini carrvI"ing it across his shioul der1 as lie wvalke4 withi his bride up the aisslc to the alter rail. I lis explanation to kill hinm oni this occasioni, anid lie mniuit to be prepare11'd for defce~. -There wtas a great excitemenjt ini froiit of' a1 fru'it COmmifission house8 on1 south Water' street at litt le after' 0110 o'clock yesterdayt afternfoon. A p~lactv of dealer01s overhlinhig and( inivestig'at ing a lar ge of' pea'ches whlichi had1 just ari''ved in the market discovered one basket wi'th the tfruit jus~t as. good at the bottom as8 the to1). 'Thle error wats rectiftIed and quiet restored.--Chicago Journfal. -Thle P rincess Louise r'ecomnmends young ladies to learn to cook. D~oes 1I. R..1I. cook horself'?-N. Y Mail. No, she doesn't. She may cook meat and potatoes and some of the 1181h she catches, but she dloesni't cook herself. The Marquis 01' Lor'ne likes heri biest ini a raw state, ie says she's swveetcr' that way. Onily wonlien who attemipt to kinle(l a ire' with coal oil cook th emselvyes .-Norristo wn ier' ald. --Ther'e was a par'ochial school in a r'emotec miiuir'land dlistrict of a southerni Scotch couniity3 at whi (lie attendance had,1 fr'omf various cutss at 0110 1.11me dwindled dlown to at siingle self-reCllit boy, and one0 afternooni, in a lull of school work, thie little fellow looked up with aL reflective air anid said: "'Mais toer, I think the schuile'll no be in the morn." ''What pults that inito youri head(, sir'?" haughtily inquired the master, to which the cahlant immedi ately repjlied: "Because ll no0 1)0 here !" -[here will be no0 "boom" but Grant's, and( thie camapaignt for the IPresidoey of thie Nicar'auvua n Canal Company maify nowy be saitl to be fairly oponeid.--BjaltIimore Gazelic. EwugY MAN hIb OwVN MUsIcIAN l-"What's the good of mec buying a piano or an or san? I can't even lay a1 jewsharp, t~hoe' I lovo mnusie mity well. I wish to good. ness somtobody would invent an Instru ment thaitI could play." So say thouis anids of genuine nmtui lovers, and at last a musical genius has given thorn their heart's desire. This nowv musical won der, The Orguiette, ls'no toy or huni.. bug, but the most marvellous musicali in sitrumeint of the age. It play3' hymn ttunes, qua1lrilles, waltizos, opcratic se lectilons, 01' Popuhar sonigs with perfect IOCnracey. A chi ld can play it. has f'ull, sweet tone; dulet'1l; not liable to get out of or 1cr; weighs onily 12 lbs. Pico, with 6 Tfunes $1 ; extra tunes 25 et.4. 01ach. Gluaranteod to gIve mnoro s tisfaction than any other instr'umnent mn the world. Money ref'ituded after' 5 days tria1 11' not satIsfactory. Thousands already hold and not one returned. Local agenta wvanted in every Southern city and village. Poer illustrated catalogue and [full lpar Alculars address Ludden & Bates, Sn. vatnnaht, Ga., Manuufacttur'er's Mole tonthiern Agents. sep)t (1 Im PUTRE W.El'1I OIL. W-150 DEGRECJCs F11R TES...l. W E recomimend the "VESTL ,OiL as8a safe l~ilflnina'-. It Is iS clear and white as wrater, c08oluenitly ives a brilliant light, with very: litti'a dor0. Try it. Theo price h:h thani MOKE the "Key -E~at" GIgar-the. le na.tin a a a PILLS are eaxteRnod from Vegetable productos combining in thorm tho Mandrake or May Apple, which 1. recognized by physicans as a substituto for calomnelpo3sessing all the virtues of that mineral, without its bad~after el'octs. AS AN ANTI-PILIOUS MEDICINE they are incomparable. They stimulate th UI~ilf~D IVEIR, :Invigorate the NDAV 5UT EM,1dgie tone to the DlIGEdTIVE OtGANS,oreating per fOt digestionanidtho-rough~ tI-ahltiofl of food. They exert a powerful influence on thoe IDNEYS and LIVER, and through those organs iiremove all impuri ties, thus vitalizing tio tissuosofffi body and causing a healthy condition of the system.______________ AS AN ANTI-MALARIAL REMEDY They have no equal;ad as aresult not as a preventive and cure for Bilious,Re mittenlt, Intermittent, Typhoid POver and Fever and Ague. Upon the healthy aetion of the Stomaoh, deponde, almost wiolly, the health of the human race, DYSPEPSIA IS THE BANE of the present generation. It is for the Cure of this disease and its atteandantsp SlCK-N(EADACHE1 NEVOUSP*M_4 D 1i YCN)ENOY, CONTiATIN0, ILES, &o., that TUTT'S PILLS have gained such a wide spread reputa tion. No Remedy has ever been discov ered that acts so speedily and gently on the digestive organs giving them tone and vigor to assimilate food. This bein accomplished, of course the NERVOUS SYSTEM IS BRACED, THE BRAIN IS NOURISHED, AND THE BODY ROBUST. Being composed of the Juices of plants extracted by powerful chemical agen cics, and prepared in a concentrated for: hey are guarantoed free from tny thing that can injure the most del icato pers~on. A noted chemiet who lias analyzed them, says "THERE IS MORE VIRTUE IN ONE OF TUTI'S PILLS, THAN CAN BE FOUND III A PINT OF ANY OTHER." We therefore any to the afmicted Try this Remedy fairly, it will not harm you, you have nothing to lose,but will surely gain aVigo rous Body, Pure Blood, Strong Nerves and a Cheerful Mind. Principal 011cc, 35 Murry St., N. Y. PRICE 25 CENTS. Sold by Diights throughout tho world. TUTT'S HAIR DYE. a RAY H.AROR nvITsx.Rs changed to a GwaarT 3A"CK by n OngI. appliEtion on t ou yp. It iG . 1mr3t!I 1%rat',,tl yolr. att ino toims and in II)Ilra~l,.. '. srit wte.Hold by Druggistaor Office U Murray 8t., Now York. THE1 FRIEND OF ALL HIOLLO WAY'S PILLS! "I had no appetite, Holloway's Pll ye mec a hea'rty one.' "'Your Pills are marvelous." "I sendt for another box, and koop then in the h~ouse." '"Dr. Holloway has c uredl my hteadachit that was ablronic. "1 gave one iof y our Pills to my bab' for~ choltra m.'rbus. To', dear litth thing got weLl in a day." "\My nausea of a morning is non cured." "Your box of Ilolloway's Oimen1 cured mec of noises in the head.] rubbed somne of your Ointment behind the ears and the noise has left." "Sond mao two boxes; I want one for poor family.'' "I enclose a dollar; your price is 21 cents, but the medicine to me is worth a dollar." "Send me five boxes of your Pills." "Let me have three boxes of youl Pills by return mail, for chills and fev'er." I have over 200 such testimonials as these, but want of space compels me t< conclude. FOR CUTANEOUS DISORDERS, And all eruptions of the skin, this Oint mnent is most invaluable. It does no, heal externally alone, but penetratei with the most searcbing effects to th4 ver~y rcot of evil. .71OLLO WAYi'S OINTMENT. Possessed of this remedy, every mars may be own doctor. It may be rubbed into the system, so as to r'ench any in ternal complaint; by these means, curet sores or ulcers in the throat stomach liver, spine or other parts. It is an in fallible remedy for bad legs, bad breasts contracted or stiff joints, gout, rheuma tismn. and'all skin.diseases. IMP'ORTANT CAUTIrON.--Neno are genuine un less (he sIgnatur e of J7. iIVooR. as agent ro: the Unitei States surirtans each box of Piily an Cloramet. Boxes at 25 contf, os cents, ant @1' There is conasiderabl e savingby takinj the large: sizes. UIOLLO WAY &Co. -feb ln-1y New York. GREAT EXCiTEMENT --AT PALYETTO JIOUSE. .JUST ARRIVED one of the finest as sortmonta of Liquors in the Beo. One Barrel of Gibson's Celebrated Old Nectar, 1840; Three Barrels of fine old Rye Whis key: 1st, Old Imperial Cabinet Whiskey, 9 years old; 2nd, also, the Mabel Belle, 0 ditto; 3rd, Roanoke Rye, the oldest, 1 8 ditto. Corn Whiskey of' the best grades North Carolina Corn ,Sweet and Sour Mash of the best grades Also, Wines and Bran, dies of the ilntest brands, I have also a tine lot of Cigars and Tobacco which I will dispose of at reasoenable prices for cash only. Givyo me a call, and I will treat you right. Philadelphia Lager Beer al ways on hand from the c.lebratedi firm of Berger and Engeil. You ean find mc at all times at the Bar un or ,the Winnsboro Hotel, next, door to D R. Flenilken's. Call an'l see mo. J1. (iLENDINING. aug 2(1 cai a e in Yi own town, and no n atIwitho et s Ti tep u ork. Yotu shoujid try nothing else unti yeu soe for youirselt what youi can do at the bust. nei we fr. No rcoom to explain hero. You timel (Oto l .our time or 02.Iy your spare tie1)te business, andt make great pa~ for e'very hour that. yott woerk. Women mna e as mutch as men. Send for special private terms and( Palrticulars, which we mail freo. $5 outfit free iDon't co~mplain of hard times while you myve auch a chance. Address Ang. i,ua i'TT & C0.. Portland, Manine. .1.Lienade, ol' any fac uhlo drink, 0e11lon J. ii. MeCASitY, and I wil be f orved to you in the miot tasty YELLOW IEY--BLA K VOMIT It is too soon to forget the ravages of this teriIble disease, whicell Will no doubt return In ai noro mall nant and Virulent form in the fall AItRi4UL'S IllIPATINE, a remedy discoy. cred In Southern Nubia and used with such ' wonderful results in SoUth America where tho most aggravated cases of feVer are found, causes rom one to two ounces of bile to )o filtered t.r strained from the blood ench time It passes through the liver, as long as an excess of bilc exists. By its wonterful action on the Liver and Stomach the 1H rAriss not only pre. vents to a cetrtainty any kind of Fever and Black Voinit, but also cures Headache, Consti atli of the Bowels. Dyspepsia and all atalariatl diseasus. No ono need fear Yellow Fever who will expel the Malarial Poison atid excess of bile from the blood by using MsItard/s IsrPATIN, which is sold by all )ruggists In 25 cent and $1.00 bottles, or will be sent by express by the ProprietorsC A. F. MElRELL & CO., Phila., Pa. Dr. Pemberton's Stillingia or Queen's Delight. W-The reports of wondr~pl cures of Rheuma tlum, fcrofula, Salt lthloul , Syplills, Cancer Ulcers and Sores, that come from al, partsof the ooluntry, are not only remarkable but se. miraculous as to be doubted was It not for tho abundance of proof. Remarkable Cure of Sorofula, fo. CASE OF COL. ,1. C. BRANSON. KINGsToN, GA., September 15. 1871. OENTs :-For six teen years I have been a great sufferer from Scrofula In Its most distressin forms. I have been contined to my room and bed for fifteen years with scrofulous ulcera tions. The most approved remedies for.such cases had been used, and the most eminent physican4. consulted, wit'iout any decided bclit. Thus prostrated, disteessed, -dcspond Ing, I was advised by Dr. Ayer, of Floyd Coun ty, Ga., to commence the use of your Compountd Extract St.illhigin. Lang lingo i as ninsuflldcent to descrIbe the relief I obtiined from the Utse of the Stillinglia as it is to convey an adequate idea of the intensity of my suffeLring before using your medicine; suflicient to say. I abani doned all other renedlies and continued the uso of your Extract of Stillingin. until I can say truly "I am cured of all pain," of all disease with nothing to obstruct te- active pu rAlt o1 my profession. More than eight, months hate elapsed since this remarkable cure, without any reLurn of the diseats. For tile truth of the above statement, I refer to any gentleman in Bartow County, Ga., ani to the miembe s of the bar of Cherokee Circuit, who are acquainted with me. I shall ever remain, witl the deepest gratitude, Your obedient servant, J. C. BItANSON, Att'y. at Law. A MIRACLE. r Wxsr'TPOINT, GA., Spt. 14 1870 GuNrs:-Mfy datghter was taken on tile 25il1 day of June, 1863, With what was supposed to be Acute Itheutnatisn, and was treated for the same with no scess. In AMarch, following pieces of bone tegno to work out of the rigt arm, aild continued to appear till all the bono fron, the elbow to the shoulder joint came out. Mlany 31eces of bone came out of right foot and '1 1he case was then pronounced one of Nlte Swelling. After havinig been contined about six years to her bed, ani tile case con sidered hopeless, I was Induced to try Dr. Pem. berton's Compound Extract of Stillingia, and was so well satliled with its effects t.hat I have continued the use of it until th1e present. My dauI liter WasConfined to her bed about six years gefore she sat tip or even turnt d over without help. She now sits up all day, and sews most of her time-has wa ked across the room. H1er general health is now good, and I believe ihe will, as her limbs gain strength walk well. I attribute her recovery, with the blessing of God, to the use of your invaluable medicine. With gratitude, I am, yours truly, W. B. BLANTON. WES'r POINT, Ga., Sept. 10, 1870. ORNTS :-The above certifleate of Mr. W. B. Ilanton we know and certify to as being true. The thing Is so; hundreds of the most respect ed citizens will certify to It. As much referenco can be given as may be required. Yours truly CRAWFORI) & WALKER, Druggists. lON. 1t D. WILLIA1MS. 3-W7 DR. PTMBERTON'S STILLINGIA is pre pared by A F. MAlUItELL & C;o.. Phila . Pa. Sold by all Druggs0ts in 31.00 bottles, or sent i -express. Agents wanted to canvass every where. Send for Book-"Curiors Story"-free to anl. iledicines sent to poor people payable in instal tllents. mayat SIPOOL COTTfON. ESTABLISHED 1812. 0 TR ADE E GEORGE A. OLARIK, SOLE AGENT. 400 BROADWAY, NEW YORR. The distinctive features of this spool cotton are that it is made from the very (\ finest SE A ISL AID COT TON, It is finished soft as the cotton from U which It is matde; it has no waxing or artificial finish to deceive the eyes; tis the strongest, smoothest and most elastic sowing thread in the market; for machineo , sowing it has no equal; it is wound on W H ITE S P OOLS8. The Blck is the most perfectj JET BLACK ever produced in spool cotton, being d yed bya system patented by ourselves, Te od ors are dye by the NEW ANILINE PROOESS rendering them so perfect and brilliant that dress-makers everywhere use them Instead of sewing silks. A Geld Medal was awarded this spool cotton at Paris, 1878, for "great strength" and "general excellence" bing the high est award given for spool cotton. We invite comparison and respectfilly ask ladies to lye it a fair trial an d con vince themse vos of Its superiority over all others. To be had at wholesale and retail of aug 12-f x~m O O -FISH AND OYSTERS. TO THlE CITIZENS OF WINNS BIORO AND FAIRFIELD: I WOULD respecitiily annuounce to the public thet I have made ample ar rangomenlts Wvith the best Hlouses at Norfok, Sufrolk and Cbarleston, to su ply me with FRESH SALT WVA TR FISH and the very best BAY OYSTERS for this season, I Will keep them I n store FRESII ON ICE every 4av so that my Customer's can supply them selves at aiiy time. All mly Oysters and Fish are guar aniteed to be fresh and-of the VERY BEST QUALITY. I ~ Very respeotihlly, F. W. HIABENIHT', Washington street, Rear 6f' Town Hall. septS0-lm INDIA RUBBERBLTNG IVE and six inch thre Bli Lueerne Seed allver ed, al low prices, jttst.1eigbyea